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Bor
Бор
—  Town  —

Coat of arms
Location of Bor within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°05′N 22°06′E / 44.083°N 22.1°E / 44.083; 22.1
Country Serbia
District Bor
Settlements 14
Government
 - Mayor Branislav Rankić (SRS)
Area [1]
 - Municipality 856 km2 (330.5 sq mi)
Population (2002 census)[2]
 - Total 39,387
 - Municipality 55,817
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19210
Area code +381 30
Car plates BO
Website www.opstinabor.org.yu

Bor (Serbian Cyrillic: Бор, Romanian: Bor) is a town and municipality located in eastern Serbia, with one of the largest copper mines in Europe and it has been a mining centre since 1904, when a French company began operations there [3]. It is the administrative center of the Bor District of Serbia.

Contents

Geography

Bor is surrounded by many beautiful places such as Banjsko Polje, the spa-town Brestovačka Banja, the lake Borsko Jezero, and the mountain Stol, and it is very close to the mountain Crni Vrh.

History

Neolithic Bubanj-Salkuca culture ceramics and anthropomorphic-zoomorphic figurines were found in Krivelj[4].

In 1903 the mine of Bor was opened which was important moment for the development of Bor. The poete Miklós Radnóti wrote here some of the most beautiful poems ever written in Hungarian during his forced labour (1944) in the copper mines.[5] Since 1947 Bor officially has a town status - at the time its population was 11,000.

Municipality

Bor municipality includes the town of Bor and the following villages:

  • Brestovac
  • Bučje
  • Gornjane
  • Donja Bela Reka
  • Zlot
  • Krivelj
  • Luka
  • Metovnica
  • Oštrelj
  • Slatina
  • Tanda
  • Šarbanovac

Demographics

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Ethnic groups in the municipality

In the 1991 census, Bor municipality had 59,900 residents, the absolute majority declaring themselves as Serbs.

In the 2002 census, the population of the Bor municipality numbered 55,817 residents, and was composed of:

Settlements by ethnic majority

According to the 2002 census, the settlements in the Bor municipality with Serb ethnic majority are: Bor, Brestovac, Donja Bela Reka, and Oštrelj. The settlements with Romanian(Vlach) ethnic majority are: Bučje, Gornjane, Krivelj, Luka, Metovnica, Tanda, Topla, and Šarbanovac. Ethnically mixed settlements are: Zlot (with relative Serb majority) and Slatina (with relative Romanian(Vlach) majority).

Ethnic groups in the town

In the 2002 census, the population of the Bor town numbered 39,387 residents, and was composed of:

  • Serbs = 32,977
  • Romanians(Vlachs) = 2,352
  • Roma = 1,216
  • Macedonians = 507
  • Yugoslavs = 251
  • Albanians = 105
  • others

The number of residents has dropped since air pollution has caused many people to leave the town.

Politics

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2008 local elections: [2]

  • Democratic Party (11)
  • Democratic Party of Serbia (2)
  • Serbian Radical Party (13)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia - PUPS (3)
  • Vlach Democratic Party of Serbia "Dr. Predrag Balasevic" (3)
  • Coalition for Bor "Bosko Nicic" (3)

Economy

Since the mid-1990s and during the time of sanctions on the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, production in this mine dropped significantly from the very prosperous 1970s and 1980s. This has been due to both diminishing reserves and the inability to obtain new equipment that would most efficiently gather the remaining ore no longer of high grade. Copper mining is the key basis of Bor's economy and the effects of decreased production can be seen all over the town.

On March 6, 2007, RTB Bor (Bors mining company) was sold to Romanian Cuprom for US$400 Million. Cuprom has pledged to modernise the production facilities in RTB Bor and Majdanpek mines, in order to improve the productivity levels. This is seen as the breakthrough deal that the city of Bor needed to speed up its much needed economic reforms. [9] However, due to Cuproms failure to meet a deadline regarding the financing, the Serbian government had cut the deal and the complex was put up for privatization once again.

On February 7, 2008, the Austrian consortium A-TEC acquired the eastern Serbia based copper mining and smelting complex for USD 466mn with a further USD 237mn to follow in the next two years. The buyer is also obliged not to lay off any of the company's 4,691 employees which is seen as a major breakthrough in the revitalization of the Bor economy.[10]

Currently, the average monthly wage in the city of Bor is US $627 (RSD 34 825, EUR 452, 944NZD ) - As of August 2008 [11]

This average monthly wage is set to receive a large increase as soon as the modernizing of RTB Bor begins(Including the flow-on effects, i.e. Further business investment in the city, etc.)

Since A-TEC did not acquired copper mining and smelting complex (RTB BOR), Privatization Agency announced new tender for strategic partner for RTB, on 27.02.2009.[12]

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Bor is twinned with:

See also

References

Notes

External links


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