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Bora Bora
BoraboraISS006-E-39815.PNG
NASA picture of the island of Bora Bora and its lagoon.
Geography
Karta FP Societe isl.PNG
Location Pacific Ocean
Archipelago Society Islands
Highest point Mount Otemanu ()
Country
France
Overseas collectivity French Polynesia
Administrative subdivision Leeward Islands
Commune Bora-Bora
Largest city Vaitape (pop. 4,927 inhabitants)
Demographics
Population 8880[1] (as of August 2007 census)

Bora Bora is an island in the Leeward group of the Society Islands of French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France in the Pacific Ocean. The island, located about 230 kilometres (140 mi) northwest of Papeete, is surrounded by a lagoon and a barrier reef. In the center of the island are the remnants of an extinct volcano rising to two peaks, Mount Pahia and Mount Otemanu, the highest point at 727 metres (2,385 ft). The original name of the island in the Tahitian language might be better rendered as Pora Pora, meaning "First Born"; an early transcription found in 18th- and 19th century accounts, is Bolabolla or Bollabolla.

The major settlement, Vaitape is on the western side of the island, opposite the main channel into the lagoon. The products of the island are mostly limited to what can be obtained from the sea and coconut trees, which were historically of economic importance for copra. During the August 2007 census, the population on the island was about 8,880 people.[1]

Contents

Administration

The island is administratively part of the commune (municipality) of Bora-Bora, itself in the administrative subdivision of the Leeward Islands. The French government, as with all its South Pacific territories, employs over 50%[citation needed] of the population to discourage any question of independence.[citation needed] The majority of the French government's employees are émigrés from France.[citation needed] The indigenous Polynesian population are not on the payroll.[citation needed] The commune of Bora-Bora is made up of the island of Bora Bora proper with its surrounding islets emerging from the coral reef (29.3 km²/11.3 sq. miles in total) and of the atoll of Tupai (11 km2/4.2 sq mi), located 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Bora Bora. The atoll of Tupai has no permanent population apart from about 50 workers in the coconut plantations.[citation needed] Former President of French Polynesia Gaston Tong Sang is the current mayor of Bora Bora.[2]

History

Abel Aubert Dupetit Thouars taking over the Tahiti archipelago on September 9, 1842

The Island was first inhabited by Polynesian settlers around the 4th century. Its previous Polynesian name was Vava'u. The first European sighting was made by Jakob Roggeveen in 1722. James Cook sighted the island in 1769 and landed in 1777. A London Missionary Society arrived in 1820 and founded a Protestant church in 1822. In 1842 Bora Bora was made a protectorate of France following the actions of Admiral Abel Aubert Dupetit Thouars.

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World War II

Following the 7 December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan, the United States entered World War II. The US chose Bora Bora as a South Pacific military supply base, and an oil depot, airstrip, seaplane base, and defensive fortifications were constructed. Known as "Operation Bobcat", it maintained a supply force of nine ships, 20,000 tons of equipment and nearly 5,000 men. Seven massive naval cannons were set up at strategic points around the island to protect it against potential military attack.

However, the island saw no combat as the American presence on Bora Bora went uncontested over the course of the war. Although the base was officially closed on 2 June 1946, many American personnel loved the island and the people so much that they refused to leave.[citation needed] The World War II airstrip, which was never able to accommodate large aircraft, was French Polynesia's only international airport until Faa'a International Airport was opened in Papeete, Tahiti in 1962.

Commune of Bora Bora

Coordinates: 16°31′S 151°45′W / 16.52°S 151.75°W / -16.52; -151.75

Commune of Bora-Bora

Location
Bora-Bora-Commune.png
Location of the commune (in red) within the Leeward Islands
Administration
Country France
Overseas community French Polynesia
Administrative subdivision Leeward Islands
Commune centre Vaitape
Mayor Gaston Tong Sang
Statistics
Elevation 0–727 m (0–2,390 ft)
Land area 40.3 km2 (15.6 sq mi)
Population1 8,927  (August 2007 census)
 - Density 222 /km2 (570 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 98714/ 98730
1 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

The commune of Bora-Bora is made up of the island of Bora Bora proper with its surrounding islets emerging from the coral reef (29.3 km²/11.3 sq. miles in total) and of the atoll of Tupai (11 km2/4.2 sq mi), located 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Bora Bora. The atoll of Tupai has no permanent population apart from some workers in the coconut plantations.

The commune is in the administrative subdivision of the Leeward Islands.

The administrative centre of the commune is the settlement of Vaitape, on the island of Bora Bora.

Today

Bora Bora Pearl Beach Resort
Matira Beach and Lagoon

Today the island is mainly dependent on tourism. Over the last few years several resorts have been built on motu (small islands) surrounding the lagoon. Thirty years ago, Hotel Bora Bora built the first over-the-water bungalows on stilts over the lagoon and today, overwater bungalows are a standard feature of most Bora Bora resorts. The quality of those bungalows ranges from comparably cheap, basic accommodations to very luxurious - and pricy - places to stay. Most of the tourist destinations are aquacentric; however it is possible to visit attractions on land such as WWII cannons. Air Tahiti has five or six flights daily to the Bora Bora Airport on Moto Mute from Tahiti (as well as from other islands).

Although French and Tahitian are the main languages spoken by the inhabitants, people in contact with tourists generally have some command of English. Most visitors to Bora Bora are American, Japanese, or European. Public transport on the island is limited, consisting of a single bus that goes halfway around the island and back approximately every hour. Bicycles are the recommended method of transport. There are also small fun-cars for hire in Vaitape. Bora Bora is predestined for snorkeling and scuba diving in and around its lagoon. Many species of sharks and rays inhabit the surrounding body of water. There are a few dive operators on the island offering manta ray dives and also shark-feeding dives.

In addition to the existing islands of Bora Bora (called Motu in Taihitian), the new man-made motu of Motu Marfo has been added in the north-eastern corner of the lagoon on the property of the St. Regis Resort.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Population of the commune of Bora-Bora minus about 50 workers living in the coconut plantations on the atoll of Tupai.
  2. ^ "President of French Polynesia steps down". The Australian. 2009-02-08. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,25024302-2703,00.html. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Overwater bungalows in Bora Bora
Overwater bungalows in Bora Bora

Bora Bora is a volcanic island in the Society Islands archipelago of French Polynesia.

It is perfectly possible to spoil oneself in one of the incredibly luxurious high-class resorts and spend the savings of a lifetime in a few days. Nonetheless, a bit of planning ahead can allow enjoyment of the majestic scenery with a tighter budget. Keep in mind that in any case Bora Bora is a tremendously pricey destination. Everything (catering and activities) ranges from "expensive" to "indescribably expensive".

Bora Bora is an island in the Leeward group of the Society Islands of French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France in the Pacific Ocean. The island, located about 230 kilometres (140 mi) northwest of Papeete, is surrounded by a lagoon and a barrier reef. In the center of the island are the remnants of an extinct volcano rising to two peaks, Mount Pahia and Mount Otemanu, the highest point at 727 metres (2,385 ft). The original name of the island in the Tahitian language might be better rendered as Pora Pora, meaning "First Born"; an early transcription found in 18th- and 19th century accounts, is Bolabolla or Bollabolla.

The major settlement, Vaitape is on the western side of the island, opposite the main channel into the lagoon. The products of the island are mostly limited to what can be obtained from the sea and coconut trees, which were historically of economic importance for copra. During the August 2007 census, the population on the island was about 8,880 people.

History

The history of Bora Bora shows that the island’s first settlers back in the 4th century were Tongan people. The first European explorers who visited the island were led by James Cook. However, prior to this island of Bora Bora was already sighted by other explorers. The history of Bora Bora also indicates that in 1842 the island became a colony of France under the leadership of Admiral Abel Aubert Dupetit Thouars.

During World War II, the United States picked Bora Bora as a base for military supply, oil depot, air strip and seaplane base. They also constructed defensive fortifications around the island. Luckily though, no combat took place here and the presence of American troops seemed to be accepted by the opposition forces.

According to the history of Bora Bora, the United States Military Base officially closed on June 2, 1946 following the end of the war. However, many Americans refused to leave the island as it had become close to their hearts. Some Americans were even forcibly asked to leave following complaints from their families on the mainland. The abandoned base became French Polynesia’s only international airport until Faa'a International Airport opened in the 1962 in Papeete, Tahiti.

Today the Island of Bora Bora relies largely on tourism and because of this seven luxurious resorts were built over the past few years. Hotel Bora Bora was the first to build bungalows that stand over the water using stilts which are now a given of every resort on the island as these bungalows provide spectacular sites of lagoons and mountains.

Understand

The main languages that are spoken by people in Bora Bora Island are French and Tahitian although most inhabitants that inter-act with visitors have good comprehension of the English language. Most tourists that visit the island are Americans, Japanese and Europeans.

Get in

Air Tahiti [1] flies several times a day from Tahiti. Flights are quite often full, so it is not a bad idea to make a reservation.

The airport is located on a small motu (islet) north of the main island. Transfer to the main island or to accommodations located on other motus is done by boat. The major accommodations have counters at the airport. For the accommodations located on the main island, you will need to take the (free) ferry to Vaitape. From there, small buses will usually pick you up.

Get around

Vaitape is the arrival point of the ferry from the airport, and is the only "town" of any size of the island. At the southern tip of the main island, Matira is the location of the largest beach as well as several hotels and restaurants. The central part of the island is extremely mountaineous, tough to access and not inhabited (and furthermore devoid of roads of any kind).

The way you get around in Bora Bora depends greatly on your accommodation and its location. Several resorts are actually located on motus and not on the main island, hence the need of boat transportation to get anywhere. Boat transfers from those motus resorts to the main island or between the resorts and the airport are usually provided. Accommodations located on the island generally also provide a transfer to and the Airport ferry quay.

On the main island, there is only one sealed road. Public transport on the island is limited, consisting of a single bus that goes halfway around the island and back approximately every hour. Taxis are also available.

Operators of activities and restaurants sometimes (but not always) provide a transfer to and from the accommodations - be sure to ask when booking.

Renting a bicycle or a small buggy can be an option if you plan to have your freedom on the main island, but the road is sometimes very narrow, and in bad shape.

See

The island of Bora Bora is actually a volcanic caldera. This geography has produced a lagoon, well protected from waters by the surrounding motus (islets). The lagoon, and the tropical underwater life, including sharks and rays, provide fantastic opportunities for many forms of water-based recreation, ranging from swimming, through snorkelling and to scuba and other options if you truly want to immerse yourself in this unique environment.

In addition to the sights under the surface of the lagoon, the dominating and unusually shaped peak of Mount Otemanu which reaches 728 metres above sea level, and its smaller neighbour Mount Pahia are also worthy attractions. The combination of the beautiful lagoon and these impressive peaks provide an almost endless supply of opportunities to take travel photos which will leave your friend back home cursing you for sharing them.

Very few go to Bora Bora for the historic relics. However, if you have seen enough of the lagoon, you might want to take a peek at the few WWII remains and the archeological polynesian relics in one of the tours of the island.

  • Bora Bora Lagoonarium. A certified diver acts as underwater guide as you swim and come face to face with the dolphins, turtles, sharks, sting rays and numerous other fish which call the lagoonaruim their home. For those that are not into diving, there is the Aquascope; a semi-submersible watercraft, designed by a very close friend of the world-renowned Jacques Cousteau. Numerous travelers that have voted this as an all time favorite.  edit

Do

There are comparatively more activities in Bora Bora to keep you occupied than in other islands of French Polynesia. Being practical while lazing under the sun in a white sand beach, a good book will be in every case a very useful item to bring. As weird as it may sound it actually sometimes rains in Bora Bora (and sometimes even a lot). The vast majority of the activities take place outdoor, and there are no cinemas, libraries or museums to visit, so even if large resorts do lend books and games, bring some good reading with you.

Water Activities

The tropical sea sometimes reaches 86F (30C), making it perfect for various water activities. Swimming in the lagoon in perfectly clear warm water has the advantage of being free and can be very enjoyable. The beaches of Bora Bora are not huge by any standards, nor are they crammed with people. The most famous beach, Matira Beach is at the southern tip of the main island.

You do not have to pay a lot to enjoy Bora Bora. Just like swimming, snorkeling is possible in many areas close to the shore, and even in Matira Beach you will be surrounded by multicolor tropical fish in seconds and in shallow waters.. Just remember to get out and put on sunscreen from time to time as the sun is strong and you will get burned badly if you stay in the water for an extended period of time.

Several companies operate snorkeling tours in the lagoon, bringing you by boat farther off the coast:

  • Shark & Ray Snorkel Safari. Shark and Ray feeding is typically done in shallow waters inside the lagoon. Approximately 10-20 sharks as well as 10-15 Rays will approach the boat and swim nearby, largely avoiding any snorkelers courageous enough to swim near.  edit
  • Shark Boy, (Book through Bora Bora Pearl Resort).  edit
  • Jourdain Tetuanui, 689 677 934. Offering many and varied services from water taxi to tours, fishing to feeding. Recommended by a WikiTravel use.  edit
  • Windward Islands Yacht Charter, [2]. One of the worlds largest yacht charter companies, can take care of all charter requirements, from bareboat to luxury yacht in French Polynesia. Operating from different offices worldwide (UK, USA, Hong Kong, Dubai, Germany, Italy, France, Spain and Switzerland).  edit
  • TopDive Scuba, Vaitape, [3].  edit
  • Nemo World Scuba, Matira, [4].  edit
  • Aquasafari, [5]. If you do not have a diving license, but still want to enjoy the underwater scenery, this is an option. You do not actually need to know how to swim in order to wear the breathing undersea apparatus, and children from 8 are accepted.  edit

Jet ski tours around the interior island are well worth the effort as they allow to appreciate the scenery from various viewpoints, although they do inflict noise and pollution.

Kiteboarding is getting popular at the Southern tip of Matira.

Land activities

The island is about 20 miles around, and bikes and small buggys are available for rent at various sites. It is well worth the investment to ride the perimeter of the island.

You can do horseback riding along the motus on the fringe of Bora Bora as well as biking. Easiest to book through your hotel as they will know all the various activities that are available.

The Jeep tours are well worth a trip. You'll have a good time climbing through some rough trails on the island, and you'll get some breathtaking views. In addition, you'll tour the American WWII ruins, such as gun emplacements and bunkers.

It is possible to access the summit of Mt. Pahia by foot, although neither the staff at City Hall nor the Gendarmerie will tell you how if you do not have a guide, as even adept hikers have gotten lost or been injured. To access the trailhead, head 100 m (330 ft) north of the cross-street into Vaitape harbor. There will be an arcade of shops to your right. Look for a dirt road between the antique dealer and snack toward the north end of the arcade. Head up the dirt road about 150 m (465 ft) and look for a small grass field on your left that is just before the last house on the drive. It is wise to ask the owner for passage, as you must traverse privately-owned property to access the trail, which will initially appear faint but become more defined after the first 10 m (33 ft). Continue along the trail until you reach a fork, which will have two other trails heading north and south (through a plantation and an open field, respectively), and the main trail up to the top due east. Make sure you are well-provisioned, as the 600 m elevation gain takes place over a relatively short distance, and be sure to identify the trees or rocks with white-red-white striping that will show you the way. Some of the latter sections can be precarious, so make sure you keep your grip and be courteous to those who may be downstream of falling rocks unintentionally loosed by your foothold. The rope climb at the end is exciting! If you want more, head south along the uncommonly-traveled trail for iconic views.

Buy

Taking into account the costs of everything in Bora Bora, which sometimes defy imagination, it is a perfectly sound choice to forget the common sense of the traveller and buy as much as possible (including groceries) before getting there. Keep that option in mind if you want to self cater.

In case you do need something while on the island, you can find a medium-sized general groceries store in Vaitape (called Chin Lee) with a reasonnable choice of food and drinks. A smaller grocery store near Matira beach can be helpful if you stay in the area and you do not want to get back to Vaitape, but the choice is much more limited.

The "specialty" of Bora Bora is Black Pearls.

  • Bounty Snack. Very reasonably priced but excellent Tahitian restaurant.  edit
  • Restaurant Patoti, (Located on the mountain side close to Sofitel). A difficult to classify restaurant (expect a mix of typical French with a mix of tahitian influence).  edit
  • Bamboo House, (Located about halfway between Vaitape and Hoteldive center). This restaurant's name refers only to the setting, not the cuisine. The Bamboo House serves upscale French Polynesian fare for reasonable prices.  edit

Unknown location

Please update/move listings if you know

  • Bloody Mary's. There are not a lot of restaurants in Bora Bora, but this by far is the most famous. Some visitors might be a little surprised by the service (speed over quality...). Outside they have a pair of big boards with the names on all of the famous people who have eaten there, e.g. Pamela Anderson, Pierce Brosnan, Marlon Brando, and Janet Jackson.  edit
  • Kaina Hut. An authentic polynesian restaurant with all tables set on a patio covered by a thatched-roof.  edit
  • Villa Mahana. A small french restaurant with only 5 tables. Serves the best French food on the Island, by an amazing chef. Make reservations.  edit
  • Sunset Boulevard, [6]. A new concept of restaurant where you can eat on boats, actually there is a little catamaran called the "Lady Borabora" which is for VIP, and there is a bigger one which can take up to 12 passengers. The service is pretty good, they put some upbeat music that make you enjoy more your holidays. They are specialized in sushis, maybe this is the best Sushi bar/restaurant in Bora.  edit

Sleep

Bora Bora Islands offer numerous hospitality resources in which guests can stay.

Budget

It is possible to keep some money for the activities by staying in one of the family pensions or even in a camp.

  • Village Pauline. I'm told that Village Pauline has closed.  edit
  • Chez Henriette.  edit
  • Novotel Bora Bora Beach Resort. An oddity in Bora Bora : this hotel has affordable rooms, with an overall excellent service and a very good location. There are no overwater bungalows there, only tranquil garden view rooms, and the beach is less than 10 meters away.  edit
  • Manureva House, [7]. US$1899 per week" lat="" long="">Luxurious 2 bedroom, 1 bathroom vacation rental can accommodate up to 5 people. Located in the residential and peaceful northern part of Bora it features one of the most beautiful views on the lagoon. Manureva House is located montainside in a manicured tropical garden with a little private sandy beach for its guests less than 100 feet from the house.  edit

Splurge

Keep in mind that the establishments listed below have prices above several hundred USD per night (the average being somewhere just above 1000), with suites well above several thousand dollars a night.

  • Bora Bora Lagoon Resort & Spa, [8]. 77 over-water bungalows, swimming pool, fitness centre and tennis courts. A member of Orient-Express hotels.  edit
  • Hotel Bora Bora. Small, exclusive hotel with over-water bungalows on the best location on the island. It is the place that started the trend of bungalows over the water in the 60s. Closed for total reconstruction until 2011.  edit
  • Bora Bora Pearl Beach Resort and Spa, (Located off the main island, on the island motu Tevairoa), [9]. 50 over-water bungalows, and 30 more beach and garden bungalows. In order to get to the main island, regular boat shuttles take guests from the hotel's dock to a dock in Faanui, on the main island's north western end.  edit
  • Maitai, Matira, [10]. Features (comparatively) reasonably priced over-water bungalows, not as splendid as its neighbor the Intercontinental, but nice. Get one of the over-water rooms at the end of the pier in which the rooms are located on as the water is deeper at these rooms. The other rooms are just off the beach and some are in water less than 1 ft. deep.  edit
  • Club Mediterranee Bora Bora. Relatively well located, it is nonetheless a bit less extravantly luxuous than its competitors, and probably a bit expensive for what it is.  edit
  • Sofitel Bora Bora Beach Resort, Matira. Luxuous yet intimate hotel with over-water bungalows and an incredible pool facing the sea.  edit
  • Sofitel Motu Bora Bora (Note: different from the Beach Resort), On the Motu facing Matira. Enjoys fantastic views of the island, and has incredible snorkeling (snorkeling tour boats actually come to the area). The beach is a bit small, but the whole place is much more intimate than other motu-located resorts.  edit
  • Intercontinental Le Moana Bora Bora, At the very tip of Matira on the main island, [11]. You do not get the views on the island (well, you're ON it), nonethess this is a classy luxury resort with all you can expect for the price you pay.  edit
  • Le Meridien Bora Bora. Large hotel, billing itself as a 5 star resort. Very expensive, and the staff was less than hospitable. A popular destination for Japanese weddings, this hotel features a pretty cool turtle sanctuary and has a ton of beach. The overwater bungalows are a novelty. It sits on a motu away from the main island, travel to the main island is via shuttle boat.  edit
  • St. Regis Bora Bora, [12]. Newest and highest-priced resort on Bora Bora. Every room (100 in all) is a suite with luxury bathroom. Many of the rooms are over-water villas, some with pools or spas. Overwater villas have glass panels in the floors and under-villa lighing to make the lagoon shimmer in your room. Guests are 80% American, 80% of whom are honeymooners. Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban honeymooned here. Two excellent restaurants on-site, one by Chef Jean Georges. The angle of the view on the main island is impressive.  edit

Get out

Maupiti, located 40 km from Bora Bora, is a smaller and less touristic but equally charming volcanic island. It can be reached by the Maupiti Express [13], an express ferry riding 3 times a week from Vaitape.

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Simple English

Bora Bora is a small island in the Leeward group of the Society Islands of French Polynesia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean.

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