From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Boris Jakovlevich Bazarov (1893–1939) was a Soviet spy.
He was born in 1893 in Kovno gubernia of the Russian Empire
(modern Lithuania). In
addition to Russian, he spoke German, Bulgarian, French and Serbo-Croatian.
Bazarov joined the Soviet secret police (OGPU) in 1921 and began
working on espionage operations in Bulgaria and Yugoslavia in 1924. From 1924 to 1927, he
worked in the Soviet embassy in Vienna, simultaneously supervising Austrian, Bulgarian, Yugoslavian and Romanian agents. In 1927,
Bazarov returned to Moscow and
supervised the Balkan sector. In 1928, he moved to Berlin and ran the "illegal resident" operations which included
France, while continuing to
work on the Balkan line. In Paris, the rezidentura had eleven
agents, in Bucharest
six, Sofia two, Zagreb two, and one for Belgrad and
From Berlin, Bazarov pioneered the infiltration of
covertly-established Soviet agents in the United Kingdom. In 1930, he supervised
the penetration of the Foreign Office, by
recruiting the code clerk Ernest Holloway Oldham.
In 1935, Bazarov took up the position of OGPU "illegal resident"
in the United
States, a position he held until 1937. His group included Iskhak
Akhmerov, Norman Borodin, and Helen Lowry.
Bazarov was suspected in the Great Purges and shot in 1939. He was posthumously rehabilitated in
- Hede Massing,
This Deception (New York, NY: Duell, Sloan and Pearce,
Weinstein and Alexander Vassiliev, The Haunted Wood: Soviet
Espionage in America—the Stalin Era (New York: Random House, 1999).
- Nigel West and Oleg Tsarev, The Crown
Jewels: The British Secrets at the Heart of the KGB Archives
(London: HarperCollins, 1998; New Haven: Yale
University Press, 1999) ISBN 0-300-07806-4
Bazarov on the official site of the Russian
- "Gorsky's List", at The
Alger Hiss Story.