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Boris Gelfand
Boris Gelfand.jpg
Full name Boris Abramovich Gelfand
Country  Israel
Born June 24, 1968 (1968-06-24) (age 41)
Minsk, Belarussian SSR, USSR
Title Grandmaster
FIDE rating 2761
(No. 6 on the January 2010 FIDE ratings list)
Peak rating 2761 (January 2010)
This article uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.

Boris Abramovich Gelfand (1968 - ) is a Soviet and Israeli chess International Grandmaster, winner of the 2009 World Chess Cup. [1]

Contents

Biography

Boris Gelfand was born in Minsk, Belarussian SSR on June 24, 1968. In 1998, he immigrated to Israel and settled in Rishon LeZion, where he became Israel's top ranking chess player.

Chess career

Gelfand was Junior Champion of the Soviet Union at 17,[2] and European Junior Champion two years later. In 1988 he tied for first in the World Junior Championship, the title however going to Joel Lautier. The next year he earned the GM title; he is one of only a few players (including Larry Christiansen and Vladimir Kramnik) who became GMs without having ever been International Masters. He has won about 30 tournaments in his professional life, including tournaments at Wijk Aan Zee (in 1992 and 1994) and first places in Biel (1993), Dos Hermanas (1994), Belgrade (1995), Tilburg (1996), Malmo (1999) and Pamplona (2004).

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World Championship Candidate

Several times Gelfand has qualified for Candidates Tournaments for the World Chess Championship. In the World Chess Championship 1993, he qualified for the Candidates via the Interzonal. He won his first Candidates match, but was knocked out in the second (quarter-final) round by Nigel Short. In the FIDE World Chess Championship 1996 he won the Interzonal, then won his first two Candidates matches, before being eliminated in the semi-final by Anatoly Karpov. He had numerous strong results in the knockout tournaments for the FIDE World Chess Championships 1998-2004, with his best result being a semi-finalist in 1997. He played in the 8-player 2002 Dortmund Tournament, which was the Candidates for the Classical World Chess Championship 2004, but failed to reach the semi-finals.

He finished in the top 10 in the 2005 FIDE World Cup, which qualified him for the Candidates for the World Chess Championship 2007. He won his Candidates matches against Rustam Kasimdzhanov (in rapid tie-breaks) and Gata Kamsky (+2-0=3), to qualify for the championship tournament in September 2007. Gelfand was not one of the favourites for the World Chess Championship 2007, but he surprised most observers by finishing joint second with reigning world champion Vladimir Kramnik (third after tie breaks); the tournament and the world championship was won by Viswanathan Anand.

In the Chess World Cup 2009, Gelfand was the top seed, and defeated Judit Polgar, reigning World Junior Champion Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Dmitry Jakovenko, and Sergey Karjakin to reach the final. He then faced former FIDE World Champion Ruslan Ponomariov for the championship, and won the match 7-5 in a playoff. As winner of the Chess World Cup 2009, Gelfand will be automatically seeded into the World Chess Championship 2011 Candidates Tournament.

Chess titles

  • European Youth Championship, 1989
  • Majorca (GMA), 1989
  • Moscow, 1992
  • Manila, 1993
  • Chalkidiki, 1993
  • Dos Hermanas, 1994
  • Debrecen, 1995
  • Vienna, 1996
  • Tilburg, 1996
  • Polanica Zdroj, 1998
  • Polanica Zdroj, 2000
  • Cannes, 2002
  • Pamplona, 2004
  • Biel, 2005
  • ACP World Rapid Cup, 2009[3]
  • Chess World Cup, 2009[4]

Team chess

Gelfand appeared in a total of 8 Chess Olympiads, representing Soviet Union once, Belarus twice, and Israel five times.[5]
In 1990, he won the team gold medal playing board 2 for Soviet Union.
In 2008, he won the team silver medal and also individual silver medal playing board 1 for Israel.

Playing style

Gelfand is notable as a 1.d4 opener as white and as a specialist in the Najdorf Sicilian, Petroff Defense, Slav Defense and Gruenfeld Defense as black, and is noted for his strong positional awareness.

Published works

  • Gelfand, Boris (2005). My Most Memorable Games. Olms. ISBN 3-283-00453-6.  

References

External links


Simple English

Boris Gelfand
File:Boris
Full name Boris Abramovich Gelfand
Country
Born
June 24, 1968 (1968-06-24) (age 42)
Minsk, USSR
Title Grandmaster
FIDE rating 2733
(#16 on the January 2011 FIDE ratings list)
Peak rating 2761 (January 2010)

Boris Abramovich Gelfand, born Minsk, Russia, 24 June 1968, is a Russian-born Israeli chess grandmaster. He won the 2009 World Chess Cup.[1] In 1998, Gelfand emigrated to Israel, where he is Israel's top ranking chess player.

Chess career

Gelfand was Junior Champion of the Soviet Union at 17,[2] and European Junior Champion two years later. In 1988 he tied for first in the World Junior Championship, the title going to Joel Lautier. He earned the GM title the following year. He has won about 30 tournaments in his career, including tournaments at Wijk aan Zee (in 1992 and 1994) and first places in Biel (1993), Dos Hermanas (1994), Belgrade (1995), Tilburg (1996), Malmo (1999) and Pamplona (2004).

World Championship Candidate

Gelfand has several times qualified for Candidates tournaments for the World Chess Championship. In 1993, he qualified for the Candidates via the Interzonal, and was knocked out in the quarter-final by England's Nigel Short. In the FIDE World Chess Championship 1996 he won the Interzonal, then won his first two Candidates matches, before being eliminated in the semi-final by Anatoly Karpov. He had numerous strong results in the knockout tournaments for the FIDE Championships 1998–2004, with his best result being a semi-finalist in 1997. He played in the 8-player 2002 Dortmund Tournament, which was the Candidates for the Classical World Chess Championship 2004, but failed to reach the semi-finals.

He qualified for the tournament for the World Chess Championship 2007, and surprised most observers by finishing joint second with reigning world champion Vladimir Kramnik (third after tie breaks). The tournament and the world championship was won by Viswanathan Anand.

Gelfand won the Chess World Cup 2009, and is automatically seeded into the Candidates tournament for the World Chess Championship 2011.

References


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