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Borrelia recurrentis: Wikis

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Borrelia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Spirochaetes
Class: Spirochaetes
Order: Spirochaetales
Family: Spirochaetaceae
Genus: Borrelia
Species: B. recurrentis

Borrelia recurrentis is a species of Borrelia.

It can be associated with relapsing fever.[1][2] B. recurrentis is usually transmitted from person to person via the human body louse.[3]

It is notable for its ability to alter the proteins expressed on its surface. This is what causes the "relapsing" characteristic of relapsing fever.[4]

References

  1. ^ Cutler SJ, Moss J, Fukunaga M, Wright DJ, Fekade D, Warrell D (October 1997). "Borrelia recurrentis characterization and comparison with relapsing-fever, Lyme-associated, and other Borrelia spp". International journal of systematic bacteriology 47 (4): 958–68. PMID 9336893. http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=9336893.  
  2. ^ Meri T, Cutler SJ, Blom AM, Meri S, Jokiranta TS (July 2006). "Relapsing fever spirochetes Borrelia recurrentis and B. duttonii acquire complement regulators C4b-binding protein and factor H". Infection and immunity 74 (7): 4157–63. doi:10.1128/IAI.00007-06. PMID 16790790. PMC 1489703. http://iai.asm.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16790790.  
  3. ^ Madigan, Michael T.; Martinko, John M. (2006). Brock biology of microorganisms. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. pp. 410. ISBN 0-13-144329-1.  
  4. ^ Fisher, Bruce; Harvey, Richard P.; Strohl, William A.; Champe, Pamela C. (2007). Lippincott's Illustrated reviews, microbiology. Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 166. ISBN 0-7817-8215-5.  
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