Boston Tea Party: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Boston Tea Party

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Two ships in a harbor, one in the distance. Onboard, men stripped to the waist and wearing feathers in their hair are throwing crates overboard. <a name=.A large crowd, mostly men, is standing on the dock, waving hats and cheering.^ Crowds gathered on the docks and cheered the men on, calling for more “saltwater tea.” The waters of Boston Harbor turned brown for several days.
  • Causes of the Boston Tea Party: Taxes, The East India Company and the Colonists 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC colonial-america.suite101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A few people wave their hats from windows in a nearby building." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/2/7/7/44566851363671394.jpg" width="300" height="181" class="thumbimage" />
.
This iconic 1846 lithograph by Nathaniel Currier was entitled "The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor"; the phrase "Boston Tea Party" had not yet become standard.
^ What really happened at the Boston Tea Party?
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Boston Tea Party founder on the party’s history .

^ American revolution the Boston tea party .
  • Boston Tea Party video and audio on brought to you by Boston.com 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: News]

.Contrary to Currier's depiction, few of the men dumping the tea were actually disguised as American Indians.^ That's the event in December 1773 when Bostonians, many thinly disguised as native Americans, boarded tea ships in Boston Harbor and dumped tons of tea overboard.
  • Tea Consumption in Boston Just Before Tea Party: Duties Paid Despite Protests About Taxation Without Representation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC colonial-america.suite101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This policy prompted about sixty men, including some members of the Sons of Liberty , to board the ships on the night of December 16, 1 773 (disguised as Native Americans) and dump the tea chests into the water.
  • SparkNotes: The American Revolution (1754–1781): The Boston Massacre and Tea Party: 1767–1774 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.sparknotes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the evening of December 16, a group of Bostonians, instigated by the American patriot Samuel Adams and many of them disguised as Indians, boarded the vessels and emptied the tea into Boston Harbor.
  • BOSTON TEA PARTY, 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]
  • BOSTON TEA PARTY, 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

[1]
.The Boston Tea Party was a direct action by colonists in Boston, a town in the British colony of Massachusetts, against the British government.^ Boston Tea Party founder on the party’s history .

^ American revolution the Boston tea party .
  • Boston Tea Party video and audio on brought to you by Boston.com 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: News]

^ This was afterwards called the Boston Tea Party.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.On December 16, 1773, after officials in Boston refused to return three shiploads of taxed tea to Britain, a group of colonists boarded the ships and destroyed the tea by throwing it into Boston Harbor.^ From the broadside Tea destroyed by Indians (1773) .
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How dare you throw that tea into Boston Harbor!
  • Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]
  • Snooper's Take Our Country Back - Journal - The Next Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.snooperreport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tea ship Dartmouth arrives in Boston .
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

.The incident remains an iconic event of American history, and reference is often made to it in other political protests.^ Aaron Pendell is a husband and father of two residing in Chicago with background in American political history.
  • Epic FAIL: Anti-Tax Tea Party 2009 Roundup 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.care2.com [Source type: General]

^ We know we are looking for a particular event that happened in American History.
  • Cal U: The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.cup.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Boston Tea Party (and many other Tea Parties in ports across the US) was the destruction of lots of valuable property to protest the Tea Act, which taxed tea imported to the American colonies.
  • Boston Tea Party // Current 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Tea Party was the culmination of a resistance movement throughout British America against the Tea Act, which had been passed by the British Parliament in 1773. Colonists objected to the Tea Act for a variety of reasons, especially because they believed that it violated their right to be taxed only by their own elected representatives.^ Definition and meaning of Tea Act of 1773 : .

^ Especially when they come to Boston the home of the original Tea Party!
  • The Official MA-NH Independence Day Tea Party - A Revolution Reborn 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC bostonteaparty.ning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BOSTON TEA PARTY 1773.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Protesters had successfully prevented the unloading of taxed tea in three other colonies, but in Boston, embattled Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson refused to allow the tea to be returned to Britain.^ Boston Tea Party: rebellion in the colonies .
  • Boston Tea Party: rebellion in the colonies, Willa Cather, Veterans - Copyright Info 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Hutchinson, on the other hand, wanted that tea unloaded and the tax paid.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Governor Hutchinson and his family were in the tea business.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.He apparently did not expect that the protestors would choose to destroy the tea rather than concede the authority of a legislature in which they were not directly represented.^ They’d rather the tea were destroyed before the British government got a hold of it.
  • The 236th Anniversary of the Boston Tea Party | Everything Is History 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC everythingishistory.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I happen to knwoplenty of what the Boston teas party was about, and also all other attempts they made in letting England know, that they didn’t like to be mis-represented.
  • Blue Collar Republican » Mid-South Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC bluecollarrepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mann said his group won't dress like American Indians as the original Tea Party protesters did more than two centuries ago in Boston, but they will dunk some tea in the water.
  • 'Boston Tea Party' planned for Sundial Bridge on tax day» Redding Record Searchlight 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.redding.com [Source type: General]

.The Boston Tea Party was a key event in the growth of the American Revolution.^ What really happened at the Boston Tea Party?
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Boston Tea Party 1774.

^ Boston Tea Party founder on the party’s history .

.Parliament responded in 1774 with the Coercive Acts, which, among other provisions, closed Boston's commerce until the British East India Company had been repaid for the destroyed tea.^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the Coercive Acts passed by Parliament in 1774 in response to the Boston Tea Party, the Boston Port Act closed the port of Boston until townspeople paid for the tea and the duties on it.

^ Parliament passed the Tea Act, which made it possible for the British East India Company to export directly to the colonies.
  • The 236th Anniversary of the Boston Tea Party | Everything Is History 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC everythingishistory.com [Source type: Original source]

.Colonists in turn responded to the Coercive Acts with additional acts of protest, and by convening the First Continental Congress, which petitioned the British monarch for repeal of the acts and coordinated colonial resistance to them.^ In September 1774, representatives of the colonies, including Samuel Adams, one of the Bostonian resistance leaders, met at the First Continental Congress to plan common measures of resistance against the Acts.
  • UK Tea Council - The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.tea.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts , had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially embarrassed East India Company.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The British underestimated extent of colonial political mobilization and the adamancy of colonial commitment to "no taxation without representation," even though colonial opposition had influenced Parliament's repeal of the Townshend Acts in 1770 (with the exception of the tax on tea).
  • NHEC | Are there instances of raids similar to the Boston Tea Party? 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC teachinghistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The crisis escalated, and the American Revolutionary War began near Boston in 1775.

Contents

Background

Plaque affixed to side of the Independence Wharf building (2009)
.The Boston Tea Party arose from two issues confronting the British Empire in 1773: the financial problems of the British East India Company, and an ongoing dispute about the extent of Parliament's authority, if any, over the British American colonies without seating any elected representation.^ The Boston Tea Party setup is about to begin!

^ What really happened at the Boston Tea Party?
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Boston Tea Party 1774.

.The North ministry's attempt to resolve these issues produced a showdown that would eventually result in revolution.^ This would have the dual result of saving the tea company and securing compliance from Americans on the tax issue.
  • Cincinnati Tea Party Pictures | RWNJ 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.rwnj.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Tea trade to 1767

.As Europeans developed a taste for tea in the 17th century, rival companies were formed to import the product from the East Indies.^ Collection of taxes on imported tea failed in New York City, Philadelphia, and Charleston, but only Boston rebelled by dumping the British Companys tea into its harbor.
  • Boston Tea Party Ship in Massachusetts Information 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.123boston.com [Source type: News]

^ He adamantly opposed several laws passed by British Parliament to raise revenue, including the Tea Act which created a monopoly in tea importing to the colonies and favored Britains East India Company.
  • Boston Tea Party Ship in Massachusetts Information 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.123boston.com [Source type: News]

^ Among other articles imported into the colonies upon which a duty was laid, in 1767, was tea, the furnishing of which, for England and her colonies, was a monopoly of the East India Company.

[2] .In England, Parliament gave the East India Company a monopoly on the importation of tea in 1698.[3] When tea became popular in the British colonies, Parliament sought to eliminate foreign competition by passing an act in 1721 that required colonists to import their tea only from Great Britain.^ Among other articles imported into the colonies upon which a duty was laid, in 1767, was tea, the furnishing of which, for England and her colonies, was a monopoly of the East India Company.

^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By law, the British East India Company was the only company allowed to import tea into the colonies.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

[4] .The East India Company did not export tea to the colonies; by law, the company was required to sell its tea wholesale at auctions in England.^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By law, the British East India Company was the only company allowed to import tea into the colonies.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The East India Company’s influence had always been pervasive in the colonies.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was Against the Wal-Mart of the 1770s | Thom Hartmann 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.thomhartmann.com [Source type: Original source]

.British firms bought this tea and exported it to the colonies, where they resold it to merchants in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston.^ No landings were attempted in New York or Philadelphia; in Charleston the tea spoiled.
  • TeaParty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.nhssar.org [Source type: News]

^ Tea trade was centered in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, future centers of American rebellion.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Time for a new Boston Tea Party .
  • Time for a new Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: Original source]

[5]
.Until 1767, the East India Company paid an ad valorem tax of about 25% on tea that it imported into Great Britain.^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By law, the British East India Company was the only company allowed to import tea into the colonies.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The British Parliament has given the East India Tea Company a monopoly on tea.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[6] .Parliament laid additional taxes on tea sold for consumption in Britain.^ Colonists protested “taxation without representation,” but Parliament retained the duty on tea as a symbol of its taxing authority.
  • Boston Tea Party – FREE Boston Tea Party information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Boston Tea Party research 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Townshend Duties were repealed on March 5, 1770, with the exception of a three penny duty on tea, kept to prove that Parliament had the right to tax the colonies.
  • Boston Tea Party (1773) 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.novelguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 1773 the consumption of tea in the thirteen colonies was estimated at 1,200,000 pounds annually, approximately one-tenth that of Great Britain itself.
  • TeaParty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.nhssar.org [Source type: News]

.These high taxes, combined with the fact that tea imported into Holland was not taxed by the Dutch government, meant that Britons and British Americans could buy smuggled Dutch tea at much cheaper prices.^ One of the taxes that England raised was on tea imported into the American Colonies.
  • Cincinnati Tea Party Pictures | RWNJ 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.rwnj.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These taxes frequently resulted in the smuggling of cheaper, non-British tea and boycotts of British tea.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some smuggled in tea from Dutch merchants.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

[7] .The biggest market for illicit tea was England—by the 1760s the East India Company was losing £400,000 per year to smugglers in Great Britain[8]—but Dutch tea was also smuggled into British America in significant quantities.^ Hewes notes: "The [East India] Company received permission to transport tea, free of all duty, from Great Britain to America..."
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was an Anti-Corporate Revolt | CommonDreams.org 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As such the British East India Company could lower its prices.
  • Cincinnati Tea Party Pictures | RWNJ 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.rwnj.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]
.In 1767, to help the East India Company compete with smuggled Dutch tea, Parliament passed the Indemnity Act, which lowered the tax on tea consumed in Great Britain, and gave the East India Company a refund of the 25% duty on tea that was re-exported to the colonies.^ It lowered taxes on tea.
  • Tea Party Politics From Colonial Boston to the Obama Bailouts - US News and World Report 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.usnews.com [Source type: General]

^ It gave the Company a monopoly on the sale of tea in the colonies.
  • Boston Tea Party (1773) 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.novelguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1767 Parliament responded to smuggling by passing the Indemnity Act.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

[10] .To help offset this loss of government revenue, Parliament also passed the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767, which levied new taxes, including one on tea, in the colonies.^ The new act granted a monopoly on tea ...

^ The 1767 Townshend Act directly taxed glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.
  • Tea Party Politics From Colonial Boston to the Obama Bailouts - US News and World Report 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.usnews.com [Source type: General]

^ The Tea Act (1773), passed by the British Parliament, withdrew duty on tea exported to the colonies.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .Instead of solving the smuggling problem, however, the Townshend duties renewed a controversy about Parliament's right to tax the colonies.^ Taking effect on November 1, 1765, it was considered by both British and American leaders as a precedent-setting measure because of the important point it established, the right of parliament to lay an internal tax upon the colonies.
  • The American Revolution (John Bull and Uncle Sam) 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ He thought, unwisely, that tea, being a luxury, the colonists would not object to paying the very small duty imposed upon it, and he retained that simply as a standing assertion of the right of Parliament to tax the colonists.

^ The Townshend Acts passed by Parliament in 1767 and imposing duties on various products imported into the British colonies had raised such a storm of colonial protest and noncompliance that they were repealed in 1770, saving the duty on tea, which was retained by Parliament to demonstrate its presumed right to raise such colonial revenue without colonial approval.
  • Boston Tea Party (United States history) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Townshend duty crisis

.Controversy between Great Britain and the colonies arose in the 1760s when Parliament sought, for the first time, to directly tax the colonies for the purpose of raising revenue.^ Whereas a Number of Merchants in this Province have inadvertently imported Tea from Great Britain, while it is subject to the Payment of a Duty, imposed upon it by an Act of the British Parliament for the Purpose of raising a Revenue in America, and appropriating the same without the Consent of those who are required to pay it.

^ In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts , had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially embarrassed East India Company.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It enabled the East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonies without first going to Britain and resulted in colonial merchants being undersold.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some colonists, known in the colonies as Whigs, objected to the new tax program, arguing that it was a violation of the British Constitution.^ Moored to the bridge is the Beaver II, known as the Boston Tea Party Ship and Museum, and one of the three ships stormed by patriots in 1773 as an act of rebellion against British rule and in particular against the new tax laws imposed on tea.

^ In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts , had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially embarrassed East India Company.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The colonists tried to prevent the consignees from accepting taxed tea and were successful in New York and Philadelphia.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Britons and British Americans agreed that, according to the constitution, British subjects could not be taxed without the consent of their elected representatives.^ Of course, if the Americans were independent of the British Empire, they could import all the tea (or anything else they want) at a much cheaper price than from London.
  • Boston Tea Party // Current 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tax on tea was small; it was not the money; it was the principle: Taxation without the consent of the taxed.
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This was saying the British could search ships without a warrant.
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

.In Great Britain, this meant that taxes could only be levied by Parliament.^ They understood clearly, that to appeal an unjust tax, the only thing they could do was to follow British custom, which included four steps: .
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Not only was the tea dumped, in the days which followed many refused to use any goods from Great Britain.
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If only a method could be devised to sell this tea, then there might be some improvement in the fiscal structure of the great company.
  • TeaParty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.nhssar.org [Source type: News]

.Colonists, however, did not elect members of Parliament, and so American Whigs argued that the colonies could not be taxed by that body.^ Taking effect on November 1, 1765, it was considered by both British and American leaders as a precedent-setting measure because of the important point it established, the right of parliament to lay an internal tax upon the colonies.
  • The American Revolution (John Bull and Uncle Sam) 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts , had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially embarrassed East India Company.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ On December 16, 1773, American colonists stopped shouting and took action to protest an act of their then overseers, the British Parliament.
  • A Boston Tea Party for TSA - Jetwhine: Aviation Buzz and Bold Opinion 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.jetwhine.com [Source type: General]

.According to Whigs, colonists could only be taxed by their own colonial assemblies.^ The tea sent to the colonies was to be carried only in East India Company ships and sold only through its own agents, bypassing the independent colonial shippers and merchants.
  • Boston Tea Party (United States history) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only had the Crown attempted to tax the colonies on several occasions, but two taxes were still being collected — one on sugar and one on tea.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The colonists believed that only taxes they were able to vote on were legal.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

Colonial protests resulted in the repeal of the Stamp Act in 1765, but in the 1766 Declaratory Act, Parliament continued to insist that it had the right to legislate for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever".
.When new taxes were levied in the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767, Whig colonists again responded with protests and boycotts.^ Colonists began to boycott British goods to protest taxes.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was a protest against the imposition of taxes on the colonists.
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The following year Parliament tried another means of raising money, through the Townshend Duties or Revenue Acts (1767), so named after Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles "Champagne Charlie" Townshend.
  • Boston Tea Party (1773) 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.novelguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Merchants organized a non-importation agreement, and many colonists pledged to abstain from drinking British tea, with activists in New England promoting alternatives, such as domestic Labrador tea.^ The duty on tea gave great umbrage to the colonists generally and in Boston an association was formed in 1770 to drink no tea until the duty was repealed.

^ In such cities as New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston, tea agents resigned or canceled orders, and merchants refused consignments.
  • Boston Tea Party (United States history) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The colonists tried to prevent the consignees from accepting taxed tea and were successful in New York and Philadelphia.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

[12] .Smuggling continued apace, especially in New York and Philadelphia, where tea smuggling had always been more extensive than in Boston.^ Time for a new Boston Tea Party .
  • Time for a new Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Boston Tea Party - more details .

^ Tea trade was centered in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, future centers of American rebellion.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dutied British tea continued to be imported into Boston, however, especially by Richard Clarke and the sons of Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson, until pressure from Massachusetts Whigs compelled them to abide by the non-importation agreement.^ Governor Hutchinson and his family were in the tea business.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Massachusetts, however, Governor Hutchinson decided to face down the demonstrators.
  • Boston Tea Party (1773) 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.novelguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British reply to the Boston Tea party, however, was to be not conciliation but coercion.
  • TeaParty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.nhssar.org [Source type: News]

[13]
.Parliament finally responded to the protests by repealing the Townshend taxes in 1770, except for the tea duty, which Prime Minister Lord North kept to assert "the right of taxing the Americans".[14] This partial repeal of the taxes was enough to bring an end to the non-importation movement by October 1770.[15] From 1771 to 1773, British tea was once again imported into the colonies in significant amounts, with merchants paying the Townshend duty of three pence per pound.^ He decided to repeal the tax once more .
  • LBC Transcriptions - Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.lordbuckley.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Townshend Duties were repealed on March 5, 1770, with the exception of a three penny duty on tea, kept to prove that Parliament had the right to tax the colonies.
  • Boston Tea Party (1773) 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.novelguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So they refused to pay the tax on tea.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

[16] .Boston was the largest colonial importer of legal tea; smugglers still dominated the market in New York and Philadelphia.^ Still looking for a tea party in BOSTON! .
  • America’s Tea Party | America's Re-Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

^ Tea trade was centered in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, future centers of American rebellion.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Boston Tea Party: rebellion in the colonies .
  • Boston Tea Party: rebellion in the colonies, Willa Cather, Veterans - Copyright Info 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

[17]

Tea Act 1773

.The Indemnity Act of 1767, which gave the East India Company a refund of the 25% duty on tea that was re-exported to the colonies, expired in 1772. Parliament passed a new act in 1772 that reduced this refund to three-fifths of the 25% duty, which effectively left a 10% duty on tea imported into Britain.^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By law, the British East India Company was the only company allowed to import tea into the colonies.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The new act granted a monopoly on tea ...

[18] .The act also restored the tea taxes within Britain that had been repealed in 1767, and left in place the three pence Townshend duty in the colonies.^ The British government responded by repealing tea taxes through the 1767 Indemnity Act .
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, Parliament also passed the Townshend Acts in 1767, which once again put a tax on tea.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This act of Parliament permitted the East India Company to sell tea through agents in America without paying the duty customarily collected in Britain, thus reducing the retail price.

.With this new tax burden driving up the price of British tea, sales plummeted.^ Moored to the bridge is the Beaver II, known as the Boston Tea Party Ship and Museum, and one of the three ships stormed by patriots in 1773 as an act of rebellion against British rule and in particular against the new tax laws imposed on tea.

^ The Tea Act—passed on April 27, 1773—lowered the high taxes on tea, but let British merchants set their own price, and they of course undercut the smugglers.
  • Tea Party Politics From Colonial Boston to the Obama Bailouts - US News and World Report 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.usnews.com [Source type: General]

^ The colonists tried to prevent the consignees from accepting taxed tea and were successful in New York and Philadelphia.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.The company continued to import tea into Great Britain, however, amassing a huge surplus of product that no one would buy.^ But no one would buy it, and it rotted and mouldered in the cellars.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The duty on tea gave great umbrage to the colonists generally and in Boston an association was formed in 1770 to drink no tea until the duty was repealed.

^ It enabled the East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonies without first going to Britain and resulted in colonial merchants being undersold.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .For these and other reasons, by late 1772 the East India Company, one of Britain's most important commercial institutions, was in a serious financial crisis.^ The late 1760s and early 1770s brought a crisis for the East India Company.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The British East India Company was on the brink of financial collapse.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20]
.Eliminating some of the taxes was one obvious solution to the crisis.^ Some of those signs referenced taxes such as one that read Born Free but taxed to death!

.The East India Company initially sought to have the Townshend duty repealed, but the North ministry was unwilling because such an action might be interpreted as a retreat from Parliament's position that it had the right to tax the colonies.^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The East India Company got its way because it was so huge and powerful.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As such the British East India Company could lower its prices.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cincinnati Tea Party Pictures | RWNJ 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.rwnj.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] .More importantly, the tax collected from the Townshend duty was used to pay the salaries of some colonial governors and judges.^ Ours was more of a movement to force the taxpayers to understand that they should expect something for all these taxes they pay, that they should have someone fighting for them to keep [taxes] low.” .
  • Tea Party? In Boston, it works again : Bruce Andriatch : The Buffalo News 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.buffalonews.com [Source type: News]

^ They believed that Britain was unfairly using the taxes to help pay for British troops sent to America during the French and Indian War (1754-1763).
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Led by a famous, local lawyer, more than 1,600 plaintiffs are arguing their toll money is being unfairly used to pay for the Big...
  • Boston Tea Party video and audio on brought to you by Boston.com 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: News]

[22] .This was in fact the purpose of the Townshend tax: previously these officials had been paid by the colonial assemblies, but Parliament now paid their salaries to keep them dependent on the British government rather than allowing them to be accountable to the colonists.^ In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts , had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially embarrassed East India Company.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The elegant Old State House was the seat of British colonial government and where the Declaration of Independence was read in 1776.

^ The "Tax Day Tea Party" used an event critical to transforming the 13 British colonies into the United States of America for their own political purposes, thus, cheapening a key point in history.

[23]
.Another possible solution for reducing the growing mound of tea in the East India Company warehouses was to sell it cheaply in Europe.^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The British Parliament has given the East India Tea Company a monopoly on tea.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The vile Bohea is another name for the tea of the East India Company.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.This possibility was investigated, but it was determined that the tea would simply be smuggled back into Great Britain, where it would undersell the taxed product.^ The recreation tells the story of December 16th, 1773, when Americans stormed onto ships in Boston harbour which were being loaded to carry tea back to Britain.
  • Bostonians celebrate the Tea Party | Boston_MBH Hotel | Millennium Bostonian Hotel Boston 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.millenniumhotels.com [Source type: News]

^ Since the British government had such a close hold on the importation of tea and the ability to tax at will, it instituted high taxes on the product to pay for the costly French and Indian Wars .
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1773 the consumption of tea in the thirteen colonies was estimated at 1,200,000 pounds annually, approximately one-tenth that of Great Britain itself.
  • TeaParty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.nhssar.org [Source type: News]

[24] .The best market for the East India Company's surplus tea, so it seemed, was the American colonies, if a way could be found to make it cheaper than the smuggled Dutch tea.^ The East India Company's influence had always been pervasive in the colonies.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was an Anti-Corporate Revolt | CommonDreams.org 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ We are in the grip of today's version of the East India Tea Company.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was an Anti-Corporate Revolt | CommonDreams.org 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ Some smuggled in tea from Dutch merchants.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

[25]
.The North ministry's solution was the Tea Act, which received the assent of King George on May 10, 1773.[26] This act restored the East India Company's full refund on the 25% duty for importing tea into Britain, and also permitted the company, for the first time, to export tea to the colonies on its own account.^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1773 the East India Company was on the brink of bankruptcy and ruin.
  • TeaParty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.nhssar.org [Source type: News]

^ By law, the British East India Company was the only company allowed to import tea into the colonies.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

.This would allow the company to reduce costs by eliminating the middlemen who bought the tea at wholesale auctions in London.^ Patriots in Philadelphia got the Tea Commissioners (those who would collect the internal tax) to resign.
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Burt-Thorpe also took names and contact information for those who attended, saying that this would be the first of many events for the new generation of tea protesters.

^ Under the Tea Act, the East India Company could ship tea directly to the American colonies, where it would be sold by a specific group of merchants.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

[27] .Instead of selling to middlemen, the company now appointed colonial merchants to receive the tea on consignment; the consignees would in turn sell the tea for a commission.^ These merchants were called tea consignees, and were the only merchants in the colonies who would be allowed to sell the tea.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Ironically, the Tea Act had nothing to do with the American colonies but everything to do with rescuing the East India Company from bankruptcy: the result of the legislation was the loss of the American colonies."
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It enabled the East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonies without first going to Britain and resulted in colonial merchants being undersold.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In July 1773, tea consignees were selected in New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Charleston.^ In New York, Philadelphia and Charleston, the Consignees for the tea had resigned their Commissions at the request of the Sons of Liberty.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ BOSTON TEA PARTY 1773.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Tea trade was centered in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, future centers of American rebellion.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28]
.The Tea Act retained the three pence Townshend duty on tea imported to the colonies.^ In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts , had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially embarrassed East India Company.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas Hutchinson refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "Ironically, the Tea Act had nothing to do with the American colonies but everything to do with rescuing the East India Company from bankruptcy: the result of the legislation was the loss of the American colonies."
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some members of Parliament wanted to eliminate this tax, arguing that there was no reason to provoke another colonial controversy.^ Want to put down this bad tax jazz, didn't dig it no way.
  • LBC Transcriptions - Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.lordbuckley.com [Source type: Original source]

^ NO MORE TAXES! Says: February 27th, 2009 at 5:48 pm There will be a tax revolt in Fullerton, CA at the Slide Bar in downtown Fullerton.
  • Angry Citizens Revive Boston Tea Party Protest 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The colonists saw no reason that they should pay for the adventuring taking place far to the west of their own hard won colonies.
  • OpEdNews - Article: Celebrate an American Anniversary: December 16, 1773 The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.opednews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Former Chancellor of the Exchequer William Dowdeswell, for example, warned Lord North that the Americans would not accept the tea if the Townshend duty remained.^ At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas Hutchinson refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties.
  • Boston Tea Party Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Patriots were determined to prevent the tea on these ships from being landed on American soil, because if it were, a tax would be due upon it.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Boston Tea Party: Encyclopedia II - American Revolution - Origins In the early 1760s, Great Britain possessed a vast empire on the North American continent.

[29] .But North did not want to give up the revenue from the Townshend tax, primarily because it was used to pay the salaries of colonial officials; maintaining the right of taxing the Americans was a secondary concern.^ He wanted to prove to the Americans that he had the right to tax them if he liked.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He did not grow up American.
  • NEW AMERICAN TEA PARTY | Weekly World News 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC weeklyworldnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Americans want to give up more freedom.
  • A brief history of the Boston Tea Party, part one « Last Free Voice 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC lastfreevoice.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

[30] According to historian Benjamin Labaree, "A stubborn Lord North had unwittingly hammered a nail in the coffin of the old British Empire."[31]
.Even with the Townshend duty in effect, the Tea Act would allow the East India Company to sell tea more cheaply than before, undercutting the prices offered by smugglers.^ As such the British East India Company could lower its prices.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cincinnati Tea Party Pictures | RWNJ 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.rwnj.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A tax on tea would be maintained, but the company would actually be able to sell its tea for a price that was lower than before.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are in the grip of today's version of the East India Tea Company.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was an Anti-Corporate Revolt | CommonDreams.org 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.In 1772, legally imported Bohea, the most common variety of tea, sold for about 3s per pound.^ This was due in part to the high cost of the tea (over $100 per pound) which immediately made it the domain of the wealthy.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As tea was the most common and widely used of the newly taxed items, attention was focused on the tea tax.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Tea was one of the most imported products in America and England hoped it could raise a lot of money this way.
  • Cincinnati Tea Party Pictures | RWNJ 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.rwnj.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .After the Tea Act, colonial consignees would be able to sell it for 2s per pound, just under the smugglers' price of 2s 1d.^ This act of Parliament permitted the East India Company to sell tea through agents in America without paying the duty customarily collected in Britain, thus reducing the retail price.

^ "Ironically, the Tea Act had nothing to do with the American colonies but everything to do with rescuing the East India Company from bankruptcy: the result of the legislation was the loss of the American colonies."
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This tax break allowed the East India Company to sell tea for half the old price and cheaper than the price of tea in England, enabling them to undercut the prices offered by the colonial merchants and smugglers granting them a virtual monopoly.
  • Cincinnati Tea Party Pictures | RWNJ 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.rwnj.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] .Realizing that the payment of the Townshend duty was politically sensitive, the company hoped to conceal the tax by making arrangements to have it paid either in London once the tea was landed in the colonies, or have the consignees quietly pay the duties after the tea was sold.^ So they refused to pay the tax on tea.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were no Consignees to pay the tax and sign for the tea.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The "party" led to the dumping of British tea into Boston Harbor in order to prevent payment of the duty on the tea.

This effort to hide the tax from the colonists was unsuccessful.[34]

Resisting the Tea Act

This 1775 British cartoon, "A Society of Patriotic Ladies at Edenton in North Carolina", satirizes the Edenton Tea Party, a group of women who organized a boycott of English tea.
.In September and October 1773, seven ships carrying East India Company tea were sent to the colonies: four were bound for Boston, and one each for New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston.^ The ship was loaded with East India Company tea and duty was payable the moment the tea was landed.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The East India Company's influence had always been pervasive in the colonies.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was an Anti-Corporate Revolt | CommonDreams.org 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ Tea trade was centered in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, future centers of American rebellion.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35] .In the ships were more than 2,000 chests containing nearly 600,000 pounds of tea.^ More than 5,000 people—nearly a third of the town—gathered at the Old South Meeting House on December 16, 1773, to await the governor’s decision.
  • Jane Cook : Savoring the Original Boston Tea Party - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC townhall.com [Source type: General]

^ In all, the 342 chests of tea—over 90,000 pounds—thrown overboard that night were enough to make 24 million cups of tea and were valued by the East India Company at 9,659 Pounds Sterling or, in today’s currency, just over $1 million.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was Against the Wal-Mart of the 1770s | Thom Hartmann 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.thomhartmann.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In all, the 342 chests of tea - over 90,000 pounds - thrown overboard that night were enough to make 24 million cups of tea and were valued by the East India Company at 9,659 Pounds Sterling or, in todays currency, just over a million U.S. dollars.
  • The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC athenwood.com [Source type: Original source]

[36] .Americans learned the details of the Tea Act while the ships were en route, and opposition began to mount.^ When three ships carrying chests of tea from London arrived in Boston Harbor on November 29, 1773, the tempers began to boil.
  • Jane Cook : Savoring the Original Boston Tea Party - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC townhall.com [Source type: General]

^ The Portuguese developed a trade route by which they shipped their tea to Lisbon, and then Dutch ships transported it to France, Holland, and the Baltic countries.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It offers a brief history of the Tea Party and details the exhibits available at the museum, including a full-size working replica of one of the three ships of Tea Party fame.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] .Whigs, sometimes calling themselves Sons of Liberty, began a campaign to raise awareness and to convince or compel the consignees to resign, in the same way that stamp distributors had been forced to resign in the 1765 Stamp Act crisis.^ The reaction was so severe that by the time the act went into effect, all stamp commissioners had resigned their positions or left the colonies [source: PBS ].
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At that point members of the Sons of Liberty began to disguise themselves, some as Mohawk Indians, and made their way down to the harbor.
  • http://www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org/osmh_123456789files/BostonTeaPartyBegan.aspx 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.oldsouthmeetinghouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yes, parts of his record are bad; but at the same time he was (as Liberty magazine called him at the time), the second most libertarian Congressman after Ron Paul.
  • Boston Tea Party nominee smears Barr 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: Original source]

[38]
.The protest movement that culminated with the Boston Tea Party was not a dispute about high taxes.^ This was afterwards called the Boston Tea Party.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I thought that was what the Tea Parties were going to be about.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was Against the Wal-Mart of the 1770s | Thom Hartmann 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.thomhartmann.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Contacting boston tea party .
  • boston tea party on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The price of legally imported tea was actually reduced by the Tea Act of 1773. Protestors were instead concerned with a variety of other issues.^ Tea Act of 1773 .

^ Definition and meaning of Tea Act of 1773 : .

^ Tea Act of 1773 reduced taxes, the agitation ...

.The familiar "no taxation without representation" argument, along with the question of the extent of Parliament's authority in the colonies, remained prominent.^ (Thus, the cry of no taxation without representation!
  • The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC athenwood.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "No taxation without representation" was the cry.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s true that outspoken critics such as Samuel Adams objected to the tea tax and previous taxes based on the principle of taxation without representation.
  • Jane Cook : Savoring the Original Boston Tea Party - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC townhall.com [Source type: General]

[39] .Some regarded the purpose of the tax program—to make leading officials independent of colonial influence—as a dangerous infringement of colonial rights.^ Although the tax issue was not itself likely to lead to rebellion, it gave some backing to the rebel leanings that existed both in New England and in the South.
  • The Tribes and the States, Stamp Act and Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.sidis.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They were protesting a REDUCTION in the tax on tea by the colonial authorities, thus making smuggling redundant and their livelihoods with it.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was an Anti-Corporate Revolt | CommonDreams.org 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ Their Conduct in Asia, for some Years past, has given simple Proof, how little they regard the Laws of Nations, the Rights, Liberties, or Lives of Men.
  • The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC athenwood.com [Source type: Original source]
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[40] This was especially true in Massachusetts, the only colony where the Townshend program had been fully implemented.[41]
Colonial merchants, some of them smugglers, played a significant role in the protests. .Because the Tea Act made legally imported tea cheaper, it threatened to put smugglers of Dutch tea out of business.^ The company turned to a strategy that multinational corporations follow to this day: They lobbied for laws that would make it easy for them to put their small-business competitors out of business.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was Against the Wal-Mart of the 1770s | Thom Hartmann 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.thomhartmann.com [Source type: Original source]
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was an Anti-Corporate Revolt | CommonDreams.org 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ England was filled with small business people who wanted to import and sell their own tea, and they offered encouragement to the colonist in letters published in newspapers.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But we refused to go along with Viet Nam, probably because it was a unilateral act by the US which made no sense.
  • Robert Scheer: Boston Tea Party, 2008 - Robert Scheer's Columns -Truthdig 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

[42] .Legitimate tea importers who had not been named as consignees by the East India Company were also threatened with financial ruin by the Tea Act.^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The British East India Company was on the brink of financial collapse.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British Parliament has given the East India Tea Company a monopoly on tea.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[43] .Another major concern for merchants was that the Tea Act gave the East India Company a monopoly on the tea trade, and it was feared that this government-created monopoly might be extended in the future to include other goods.^ The new act granted a monopoly on tea ...

^ That's what made this East India Company so insidious.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The British Parliament has given the East India Tea Company a monopoly on tea.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[44]
.South of Boston, protestors successfully compelled the tea consignees to resign.^ Will they resign as Consignees so the tea ships can turn around and carry the tea back to England?
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only in Boston, where the first ships were due to arrive, did the Consignees refuse to resign, and the Governor refuse to allow the ship laden with tea to return to England with her cargo.
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To induce this consignee to resign was not possible; and, since Boston had a large military force occupying it, any open exhibition of resentment against landing the tea was equally out of the question.
  • The Tribes and the States, Stamp Act and Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.sidis.net [Source type: Original source]

.In Charleston, the consignees had been forced to resign by early December, and the unclaimed tea was seized by customs officials.^ On December 17th the Customs Officials are to seize the tea according to the law.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By law the Customs Officials cannot release the ship unless the Consignees unload the tea and pay the tax.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will they resign as Consignees so the tea ships can turn around and carry the tea back to England?
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[45] .There were mass protest meetings in Philadelphia.^ There were riots and mass meetings everywhere.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Benjamin Rush urged his fellow countrymen to oppose the landing of the tea, because the cargo contained "the seeds of slavery".[46] By early December, the Philadelphia consignees had resigned and the tea ship returned to England with its cargo following a confrontation with the ship's captain.^ Will they resign as Consignees so the tea ships can turn around and carry the tea back to England?
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will he return the tea to England?
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He has promised to use his influence with the Governor to return the tea ships and the tea to England.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[47] .The tea ship bound for New York City was delayed by bad weather; by the time it arrived, the consignees had resigned, and the ship returned to England with the tea.^ With that news a tea ship at New York turns around and sails back to England with the tea.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will he return the tea to England?
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He has promised to use his influence with the Governor to return the tea ships and the tea to England.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[48]

Standoff in Boston

.In every colony except Massachusetts, protestors were able to force the tea consignees to resign or to return the tea to England.^ Will he return the tea to England?
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rotch [a local tea seller], to whom the cargo of tea had been consigned, was then requested to demand of the governor to permit to pass the castle [return the ships to England].
  • The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC athenwood.com [Source type: Original source]
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And indeed, on acquiring the colony, the English found that the small settlement consumed more tea at that time then all of England put together.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49] .In Boston, however, Governor Hutchinson was determined to hold his ground.^ Governor Thomas Hutchinson allowed three ships carrying tea to enter Boston Harbor.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Governor Hutchinson wouldn't have a trial in Boston because he thought the jury would turn out to be Mohawks or their sympathizers.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Boston, however, the people determined that it should not even land.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.He convinced the tea consignees, two of whom were his sons, not to back down.^ In New York, Philadelphia and Charleston, the Consignees for the tea had resigned their Commissions at the request of the Sons of Liberty.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Two of Governor Hutchinson's sons and a son-in-law were Consignees.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will they resign as Consignees so the tea ships can turn around and carry the tea back to England?
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[50]
This notice from the "Chairman of the Committee for Tarring and Feathering" in Boston denounced the tea consignees as "traitors to their country".
.When the tea ship Dartmouth arrived in the Boston Harbor in late November, Whig leader Samuel Adams called for a mass meeting to be held at Faneuil Hall on November 29, 1773. Thousands of people arrived, so many that the meeting was moved to the larger Old South Meeting House.^ At Boston , three tea ships arrived and remained...16, 1773, and threw the tea into the harbor.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The "party" led to the dumping of British tea into Boston Harbor in order to prevent payment of the duty on the tea.

^ At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas Hutchinson refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

[51] .British law required the Dartmouth to unload and pay the duties within twenty days or customs officials could confiscate the cargo.^ But the law only allowed a delay of twenty days, and after this time the consignee could force an unloading of the cargo.
  • The Tribes and the States, Stamp Act and Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.sidis.net [Source type: Original source]

^ At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas Hutchinson refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But the captain could not do that, for the customs officers would not allow him to leave until he had landed his cargo.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

[52] .The mass meeting passed a resolution, introduced by Adams and based on a similar set of resolutions promulgated earlier in Philadelphia, urging the captain of the Dartmouth to send the ship back without paying the import duty.^ After failing to turn back the three ships in the harbor, local patriots led by Samuel Adams staged a spectacular drama.
  • teaparty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.thing.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas Hutchinson refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The pamphlets and newspaper stories galvanized the populace, who succeeded in turning back the Company's ships when they tried to land in New York and Philadelphia harbors.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Meanwhile, the meeting assigned twenty-five men to watch the ship and prevent the tea from being unloaded.^ At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas Hutchinson refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Brother Paul Revere starts his work as a guard on the tea ship to see that the tea is not unloaded.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reservations Meeting Space Boston Group Rates Map ~0.77 miles from Boston Tea Party Ship .
  • Hotels Near Boston Tea Party Ship, Hotel close to Boston Tea Party Ship Massachusetts - Boston 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.hotelplanner.com [Source type: General]

[53]
.Governor Hutchinson refused to grant permission for the Dartmouth to leave without paying the duty.^ At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas Hutchinson refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Once again the colonies were ablaze, and they refused to [346] pay this duty just as they had refused to pay the Stamp Tax.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Two more tea ships, the Eleanor and the Beaver, arrived in Boston Harbor (there was another tea ship headed for Boston, the William, but it encountered a storm and was destroyed before it could reach its destination[54]).^ The Dartmouth, the Beaver, and the Eleanor had carried 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.
  • Tea Party Politics From Colonial Boston to the Obama Bailouts - US News and World Report 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.usnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Get more information on Boston Harbor Hotel .
  • Boston Tea Party Ship and Museum - Boston, MA, Massachusetts hotels 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.qwikcast.com [Source type: General]

^ The "party" led to the dumping of British tea into Boston Harbor in order to prevent payment of the duty on the tea.

.On December 16—the last day of the Dartmouth's deadline—about 7,000 people had gathered around the Old South Meeting House.^ Seven thousand people meet in and around the Old South Meeting House.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the Old South Meeting House Samuel Adams addressed the revolutionaries in the significant meeting prior to the Boston Tea Party and a circle of cobblestones marks the site of the Boston Massacre.

^ It appearing that the Hall could not contain all the People assembled, it was voted, that the Meeting be immediately adjourned to the Old South Meeting House, Leave having been obtained for that Purpose.

[55] .After receiving a report that Governor Hutchinson had again refused to let the ships leave, Adams announced that "This meeting can do nothing further to save the country."^ The Governor would not let the ships leave with the tea.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas Hutchinson refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties.
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Only in Boston, where the first ships were due to arrive, did the Consignees refuse to resign, and the Governor refuse to allow the ship laden with tea to return to England with her cargo.
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

.According to a popular story, Adams's statement was a prearranged signal for the "tea party" to begin.^ The Tea Party must begin!
  • NEW AMERICAN TEA PARTY | Weekly World News 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC weeklyworldnews.com [Source type: General]

^ At the Old South Meeting House Samuel Adams addressed the revolutionaries in the significant meeting prior to the Boston Tea Party and a circle of cobblestones marks the site of the Boston Massacre.

^ A short story about the Boston Tea Party gives the background related...giving a quick summary of the Boston Tea Party .
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.However, this claim did not appear in print until nearly a century after the event, in a biography of Adams written by his great-grandson, who apparently misinterpreted the evidence.^ But every time you bozos declare the \"gubmint did it\", you can\'t come up with any evidence to support the claim.
  • Boston Tea Party for 9/11 Truth - 12/16/2006 | 911Blogger.com 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC 911blogger.com [Source type: General]

[56] .According to eyewitness accounts, people did not leave the meeting until ten or fifteen minutes after Adams's alleged "signal", and Adams in fact tried to stop people from leaving because the meeting was not yet over.^ It appearing that the Hall could not contain all the People assembled, it was voted, that the Meeting be immediately adjourned to the Old South Meeting House, Leave having been obtained for that Purpose.

^ I thought the public had gotten a little smarter but, I guess it's because we try to see the better side of people.
  • NEW AMERICAN TEA PARTY | Weekly World News 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC weeklyworldnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Also, you will note that the targets have local offices in their states, and we are encouraging people to go sit in these offices every day until we stop this bill.

[57]

Destruction of the tea

1789 engraving of the destruction of the tea
.While Samuel Adams tried to reassert control of the meeting, people poured out of the Old South Meeting House and headed to Boston Harbor.^ Seven thousand people meet in and around the Old South Meeting House.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Faneuil Hall and the Old South Meeting House still stand in Boston.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After failing to turn back the three ships in the harbor, local patriots led by Samuel Adams staged a spectacular drama.
  • teaparty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.thing.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.That evening, a group of 30 to 130 men, some of them thinly disguised as Mohawk Indians, boarded the three vessels and, over the course of three hours, dumped all 342 chests of tea into the water.^ The "party" led to the dumping of British tea into Boston Harbor in order to prevent payment of the duty on the tea.

^ In all, the 342 chests of tea - over 90,000 pounds - thrown overboard that night were enough to make 24 million cups of tea and were valued by the East India Company at 9,659 Pounds Sterling or, in todays currency, just over a million U.S. dollars.
  • The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC athenwood.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the evening of December 16, 1773, three companies of fifty men each, masquerading as Mohawk Indians, passed through a tremendous crowd of spectators, went aboard the three ships, broke open the tea chests, and heaved them into the harbor.
  • teaparty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.thing.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58] .The precise location of the Griffin's Wharf site of the Tea Party has been subject to prolonged uncertainty; a comprehensive study[59] places it near the foot of Hutchinson Street (today's Pearl Street).^ A guard was placed on Griffins wharf, near where the tea ships were moored.
  • The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC athenwood.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have seen no modern reference to this as the site of the Griffin's Wharf or that of the Boston Tea Party.
  • Where Was the Actual Boston Tea Party Site? 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC jrshelby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the Old South Meeting House Samuel Adams addressed the revolutionaries in the significant meeting prior to the Boston Tea Party and a circle of cobblestones marks the site of the Boston Massacre.

Reaction

.Whether or not Samuel Adams helped plan the Boston Tea Party is unknown, but he immediately worked to publicize and defend it.^ Boston Tea Party 1774.

^ So what can we learn from the original Boston Tea Party?
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I’m planning on sailing to the Boston Tea Party..
  • America’s Tea Party | America's Re-Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

[60] .He argued that the Tea Party was not the act of a lawless mob, but was instead a principled protest and the only remaining option the people had to defend their constitutional rights.^ He called the Boston Tea Party an act of violent injustice.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Boston , and time has passed since the Boston Tea Party , but Massachusetts staunchly defends...
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ (News of the "tea party" was "welcomed through the colonies by the ringing of bells and other signs of joy, and was defended as a measure of political necessity").
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

[61]
.Governor Thomas Hutchinson had been urging London to take a hard line with the Sons of Liberty.^ Governor Thomas Hutchinson allowed three ships carrying tea to enter Boston Harbor.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two of Governor Hutchinson's sons and a son-in-law were Consignees.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The protesters decided to take a break and meet again at 3 p.m., allowing Rotch time to meet with Governor Hutchinson.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Boston Tea Party Worked" 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

.If he had done what the other royal governors had done and let the ship owners and captains resolve the issue with the colonists, the Dartmouth, Eleanor and the Beaver would have left without unloading any tea.^ The Governor would not let the ships leave with the tea.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Brother Warren visits Brother Rowe, owner of the tea ship, Eleanor.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Brother Rowe is the owner of one of the tea ships, the Eleanor.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.In Britain, even those politicians considered friends of the colonies were appalled and this act united all parties there against the colonies.^ This animosity was not directed against America as a whole, there never having been such a unit in existence politically; not even against the Province of Massachusetts Bay, whose responsibility in the matter was not obvious.
  • The Tribes and the States, Stamp Act and Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.sidis.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Progressives should always champion dissent and free expression, even when it's dumb and goes against their own political beliefs as is the case with these tea parties.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: Tea Party Nonpartisan Attendance Estimates: Now 300,000+ 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: News]

^ Revolutionary-era cartoonists used images of Indians to represent the colonies against Britain.
  • The Real Boston Tea Party was an Anti-Corporate Revolt | CommonDreams.org 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

The Prime Minister Lord North said, "Whatever may be the consequence, we must risk something; if we do not, all is over".[62] The British government felt this action could not remain unpunished, and responded by closing the port of Boston and putting in place other laws known as the "Coercive Acts".
.In the colonies, Benjamin Franklin stated that the destroyed tea must be repaid, all 90,000 pounds.^ In all, the 342 chests of tea - over 90,000 pounds - thrown overboard that night were enough to make 24 million cups of tea and were valued by the East India Company at 9,659 Pounds Sterling or, in todays currency, just over a million U.S. dollars.
  • The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC athenwood.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More than 55,000 Americans in all 50 states have made a financial investment in AFP or AFP Foundation.

^ And indeed, on acquiring the colony, the English found that the small settlement consumed more tea at that time then all of England put together.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Robert Murray, a New York merchant went to Lord North with three other merchants and offered to pay for the losses, but the offer was turned down.^ Anyway for the three people who might be interested; a New York Times article on Nouriel Roubini’s economic views.
  • Robert Scheer: Boston Tea Party, 2008 - Robert Scheer's Columns -Truthdig 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The new Lord of the Treasury, Lord North, as a response to this pressure, granted to the new Company permission to sell directly to the colonists, by-passing the colonial merchants and pocketing the difference.
  • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With that news a tea ship at New York turns around and sails back to England with the tea.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[63] .A number of colonists were inspired to carry out similar acts, such as the burning of the Peggy Stewart.^ The act inspired a book and world tour of the film Watch the K Foundation Burn a Million Quid .
  • Taylor Herring » The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.taylorherring.com [Source type: General]

^ I’ve noticed SUCH an increased police presence in my own community, in addition to massive construction that basically limits the number of paths/routes OUT of the community.
  • Robert Scheer: Boston Tea Party, 2008 - Robert Scheer's Columns -Truthdig 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Find out how New Hamphire colonists responded to the Tea Act and the Boston Tea Party at this Sons of the American Revolution website.
  • The Tea Act and Tea Parties [ushistory.org] 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Boston Tea Party eventually proved to be one of the many reactions that led to the American Revolutionary War.^ Are we going to the Boston tea party ?
  • Boston Tea Party: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Still looking for a tea party in BOSTON! .
  • America’s Tea Party | America's Re-Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

^ The Boston Tea Party is a political organization.
  • A brief history of the Boston Tea Party, part one « Last Free Voice 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC lastfreevoice.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

In February, 1775, Britain passed the Conciliatory Resolution, which ended taxation for any colony that satisfactorily provided for the imperial defense and the upkeep of imperial officers. .The Tea Act was repealed with the Taxation of Colonies Act 1778.^ The specific actions taken were in response to the British Tea Act of 1773 which angered colonial merchants and mobilised many people.
  • teaparty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.thing.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In October, 1765, delegates sent from the various colonial legislatures met in New York to draw up a petition to the British parliament for the repeal of the Stamp Act.
  • The Tribes and the States, Stamp Act and Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.sidis.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The petition in its final form, as forwarded to England, asked for a repeal of the Stamp Act, but also contained statements of the New England ideas of civil and colonial rights which marked their origin.
  • The Tribes and the States, Stamp Act and Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.sidis.net [Source type: Original source]

.At the very least, the Boston Tea Party and the reaction that followed served to rally support for revolutionaries in the thirteen colonies who were eventually successful in their fight for independence.^ Boston Tea Party 1774.

^ I’m planning on sailing to the Boston Tea Party..
  • America’s Tea Party | America's Re-Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

^ BOSTON TEA PARTY 2009 .
  • Boston Tea Party 2009: Putting Teeth into the 10th Amendment | Ron Paul 2012 | Campaign for Liberty at the Daily Paul 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.dailypaul.com [Source type: General]

Influence

.The Boston Tea Party has often been referenced in other political protests.^ So what can we learn from the original Boston Tea Party?
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I’m planning on sailing to the Boston Tea Party..
  • America’s Tea Party | America's Re-Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

^ Boston Tea Party, 1773.
  • New York Public Library Web Server 1 /All Locations 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC catalog.nypl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When Mohandas K. Gandhi led a mass burning of Indian registration cards in South Africa in 1908, a British newspaper compared the event to the Boston Tea Party.^ Boston Tea Party 1774.

^ I’m planning on sailing to the Boston Tea Party..
  • America’s Tea Party | America's Re-Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

^ BOSTON TEA PARTY 2009 .
  • Boston Tea Party 2009: Putting Teeth into the 10th Amendment | Ron Paul 2012 | Campaign for Liberty at the Daily Paul 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.dailypaul.com [Source type: General]

[64] When Gandhi met with the British viceroy in 1930 after the Indian salt protest campaign, Gandhi took some duty-free salt from his shawl and said, with a smile, that the salt was "to remind us of the famous Boston Tea Party."[65]
.American activists from a variety of political viewpoints have invoked the Tea Party as a symbol of protest.^ The Boston Tea Party is a political organization.
  • A brief history of the Boston Tea Party, part one « Last Free Voice 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC lastfreevoice.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

^ It rings true with me tea party protesters.
  • 04/16/09: Tea Party Hangover | WTKK 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC wtkk.everyzing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The political act of the Boston Tea Party occurred on the eve of the American Revolution and was an important moment that further galvanised popular opposition to the British monarchy.
  • teaparty 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.thing.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1973, on the 200th anniversary of the Tea Party, a mass meeting at Faneuil Hall called for the impeachment of President Richard Nixon and protested oil companies in the ongoing oil crisis.^ It rings true with me tea party protesters.
  • 04/16/09: Tea Party Hangover | WTKK 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC wtkk.everyzing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ K and I started covering the grassroots movement was when it was a fledgling back in February before it was even called -- tea party movement to when he had just stepped.
  • 9/14/09: Guest, Michele Malkin | WTKK 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC wtkk.everyzing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ RNC plans rally to mark Boston Tea Party anniversary - The Hill's Blog Briefing Room .
  • RNC plans rally to mark Boston Tea Party anniversary - The Hill's Blog Briefing Room 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC thehill.com [Source type: News]

.Afterwards, protesters boarded a replica ship in Boston Harbor, hanged Nixon in effigy, and dumped several empty oil drums into the harbor.^ The "party" led to the dumping of British tea into Boston Harbor in order to prevent payment of the duty on the tea.

^ They divided us into three parties, for the purpose of boarding the three ships which contained the tea at the same time.

^ Question: How many oil lobbyists and republican congress members will Boston Harbor hold?
  • Think Progress » Bush Rebuffs GOP’s ‘Boston Tea Party,’ Won’t Request Special Session For Oil Drilling Stunt 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[66] .In 1998, two conservative US Congressmen put the federal tax code into a chest marked "tea" and dumped it into the harbor.^ The "party" led to the dumping of British tea into Boston Harbor in order to prevent payment of the duty on the tea.

^ Baker says: March 4th, 2009 at 8:51 pm Shirley – There's a group of us also putting together a Burleson, Tx tea party / revolt.
  • NEW AMERICAN TEA PARTY | Weekly World News 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC weeklyworldnews.com [Source type: General]

^ What could cause 60 patriots, half disguised as Mohawk Indians, to go to Griffin's Wharf in 1773 and dump 342 chests of tea into the harbor?
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

[67]
.In 2006, a libertarian political party called the "Boston Tea Party" was founded.^ He called the Boston Tea Party an act of violent injustice.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ REAL libertarian alternative - right here at the Boston Tea Party.
  • Boston Tea Party nominee smears Barr 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Boston Tea Party is a political organization.
  • A brief history of the Boston Tea Party, part one « Last Free Voice 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC lastfreevoice.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

.In 2007, the Ron Paul "Tea Party" money bomb, held on the 234th anniversary of the Boston Tea Party, broke the one-day fund-raising record by raising $6.04 million in 24 hours.^ Boston Tea Party 1774.

^ I’m planning on sailing to the Boston Tea Party..
  • America’s Tea Party | America's Re-Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

^ BOSTON TEA PARTY 2009 .
  • Boston Tea Party 2009: Putting Teeth into the 10th Amendment | Ron Paul 2012 | Campaign for Liberty at the Daily Paul 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.dailypaul.com [Source type: General]

[68]
.In early 2009, a series of citizen gatherings called "Tea Parties" began to protest recent increases in government spending, particularly in President Obama's budget and economic stimulus package.^ Wednesday, protesting big government, stimulus spending and corporate bailouts.

^ It rings true with me tea party protesters.
  • 04/16/09: Tea Party Hangover | WTKK 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC wtkk.everyzing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many gathered in protest of the recent "bailouts" passed by Congress the previous few months that skyrocketed America's debt and reckless spending, increasing the size of government rather than empowering the average American.
  • Plymouth Rock Foundation 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.plymrock.org [Source type: Original source]

[69][70] .One of the first of these was held on April 15, 2009, on Boston Common, just a few blocks from the original Boston Tea Party.^ Boston Tea Party 1774.

^ BOSTON TEA PARTY 2009 .
  • Boston Tea Party 2009: Putting Teeth into the 10th Amendment | Ron Paul 2012 | Campaign for Liberty at the Daily Paul 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.dailypaul.com [Source type: General]

^ There are few books in print about the Boston Tea Party.
  • portland imc - 2006.01.09 - The Truth about the Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC portland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

[71]

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Young, Shoemaker, 183–85.
  2. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 3–4.
  3. ^ Knollenberg, Growth, 90.
  4. ^ Knollenberg, Growth, 90; Labaree, Tea Party, 7.
  5. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 8–9.
  6. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 6–8; Knollenberg, Growth, 91; Thomas, Townshend Duties, 18.
  7. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 6.
  8. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 59.
  9. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 6–7.
  10. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 13; Thomas, Townshend Duties, 26–27. This kind of refund or rebate is known as a "drawback".
  11. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 21.
  12. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 27–30.
  13. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 32–34.
  14. ^ Knollenberg, Growth, 71; Labaree, Tea Party, 46.
  15. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 46–49.
  16. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 50–51.
  17. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 52.
  18. ^ The 1772 tax act was 12 Geo. III c. 60 sec. 1; Knollenberg, Growth, 351n12.
  19. ^ Thomas, Townshend Duties, 248–49; Labaree, Tea Party, 334.
  20. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 58, 60–62.
  21. ^ Knollenberg, Growth, 90–91.
  22. ^ Thomas, Townshend Duties, 252–54.
  23. ^ Knollenberg, Growth, 91.
  24. ^ Thomas, Townshend Duties, 250; Labaree, Tea Party, 69.
  25. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 70, 75.
  26. ^ Knollenberg, Growth, 93.
  27. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 67, 70.
  28. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 75–76.
  29. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 71; Thomas, Townshend Duties, 252.
  30. ^ Thomas, Townshend Duties, 252.
  31. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 72–73.
  32. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 51.
  33. ^ Thomas, Townshend Duties, 255; Labaree, Tea Party, 76–77.
  34. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 76–77.
  35. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 78–79.
  36. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 77, 335.
  37. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 89–90.
  38. ^ Knollenberg, Growth, 96.
  39. ^ Thomas, Townshend Duties, 246.
  40. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 106.
  41. ^ Thomas, Townshend Duties, 245.
  42. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 102; see also John W. Tyler, Smugglers & Patriots: Boston Merchants and the Advent of the American Revolution (Boston, 1986).
  43. ^ Thomas, Townshend Duties, 256.
  44. ^ Knollenberg, Growth, 95–96.
  45. ^ Knollenberg, Growth, 101.
  46. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 100. See also Alyn Brodsky, Benjamin Rush (Macmillan, 2004), 109.
  47. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 97.
  48. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 96; Knollenberg, Growth, 101–02.
  49. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 96–100.
  50. ^ Labaree, Tea Party, 104–05.
  51. ^ This was not an official town meeting, but a gathering of "the body of the people" of greater Boston; Alexander, Revolutionary Politician, 123.
  52. ^ Alexander, Revolutionary Politician, 124.
  53. ^ Alexander, Revolutionary Politician, 123.
  54. ^ The Story of the Boston Tea Party Ships by The Boston Tea Party Historical Society
  55. ^ Alexander, Revolutionary Politician, 125.
  56. ^ Raphael, Founding Myths, 53.
  57. ^ Maier, Old Revolutionaries, 27–28n32; Raphael, Founding Myths, 53. For firsthand accounts that contradict the story that Adams gave the signal for the tea party, see L. F. S. Upton, ed., "Proceeding of Ye Body Respecting the Tea," William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, 22 (1965), 297–98; Francis S. Drake, Tea Leaves: Being a Collection of Letters and Documents, (Boston, 1884), LXX; Boston Evening Post, December 20, 1773; Boston Gazette, December 20, 1773; Massachusetts Gazette and Boston Weekly News-Letter, December 23, 1773.
  58. ^ Alexander, Revolutionary Politician, 125–26; Labaree, Tea Party, 141–44.
  59. ^ Robertson, John. "Where Was the Actual Boston Tea Party Site?". http://jrshelby.com/btp/. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 
  60. ^ Alexander, Revolutionary Politician, 126.
  61. ^ Alexander, Revolutionary Politician, 129.
  62. ^ Cobbett, Parliamentary History of England, XVII, pg. 1280-1281
  63. ^ Ketchum, Divided Loyalties, 262.
  64. ^ Erik H. Erikson, Gandhi's Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence (New York: Norton, 1969), 204.
  65. ^ Erikson, Gandhi's Truth, 448.
  66. ^ Young, Shoemaker, 197.
  67. ^ Young, Shoemaker, 198.
  68. ^ Ron Paul’s “tea party” breaks fund-raising record
  69. ^ Taxpayers Strike Back With 'Tea Parties'. By Bret Baier. Fox News. Published March 16, 2009.
  70. ^ Augusta to have its own 'tea party' in April. By Rich Rogers. NBC News: Augusta. Published March 21, 2009.
  71. ^ "Protesters throw 'Tea Party' at Boston Common, The Suffolk Journal, April 22, 2009.
Frequently cited works
.
  • Alexander, John K. Samuel Adams: America's Revolutionary Politician.^ Such leading citizens as Samuel Adams and John Hancock took part.
    • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ At the Old South Meeting House Samuel Adams addressed the revolutionaries in the significant meeting prior to the Boston Tea Party and a circle of cobblestones marks the site of the Boston Massacre.

    Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. ISBN 0-7425-2115-X.
  • Ketchum, Richard. .Divided Loyalties: How the American Revolution came to New York.^ On a cold Saturday in New York City, the world’s largest train station came to a halt.
    • Taylor Herring » The Boston Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.taylorherring.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It’s more exclusively an American moment than Christmas or New Year, which were celebrated long before our nation came into being.
    • Robert Scheer: Boston Tea Party, 2008 - Robert Scheer's Columns -Truthdig 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Tea trade was centered in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, future centers of American rebellion.
    • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    2002. ISBN 0805061207.
  • Knollenberg, Bernhard. .Growth of the American Revolution, 1766–1775. New York: Free Press, 1975. ISBN 0-02-917110-5.
  • Labaree, Benjamin Woods.^ The American Revolution [videorecording] : our nation's rise to independence   New York : A&E Home Video, 1994 Place Hold     .
    • New York Public Library Web Server 1 /All Locations 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC catalog.nypl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1964     .
    • New York Public Library Web Server 1 /All Locations 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC catalog.nypl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tea trade was centered in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, future centers of American rebellion.
    • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Boston Tea Party.^ I'm happy there's a Boston Tea Party: let the "purists" go there and let the LP do what it needs to do in order to accomplish something.
    • Boston Tea Party nominee smears Barr 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Charles Mark Hotel 655 Boylston Boston, MA 02116 Nightly Rates (179.00 - 179.00) 1.40 miles from Boston Tea Party Ship and Museum .
    • Hotels Near Boston Tea Party Ship and Museum - Boston Massachusetts hotels : Boston Guide - Panorama Magazine 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.bostonguide.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Boston, MA 02215 Nightly Rates (242.10 - 346.00) 4 Star 2.25 miles from Boston Tea Party Ship and Museum .
    • Hotels Near Boston Tea Party Ship and Museum - Boston Massachusetts hotels : Boston Guide - Panorama Magazine 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.bostonguide.com [Source type: General]

    .Originally published 1964. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1979. ISBN 0-930350-05-7.
  • Maier, Pauline.^ We are less than 10 minutes away from The Boston University, The Boston Conservatory, The New England Conservatory, The Berklee College of Music, and Northeastern University.
    • Hotels Near Boston Tea Party Ship, Hotel close to Boston Tea Party Ship Massachusetts - Boston 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.hotelplanner.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Global Gazetteer of the American Revolution TOP Endnotes Benjamin Woods Labaree, The Boston Tea Party , Oxford University Press, 1966.
    • Where Was the Actual Boston Tea Party Site? 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC jrshelby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Old Revolutionaries: Political Lives in the Age of Samuel Adams.^ At the Old South Meeting House Samuel Adams addressed the revolutionaries in the significant meeting prior to the Boston Tea Party and a circle of cobblestones marks the site of the Boston Massacre.

    New York: Knopf, 1980. ISBN 0-394-51096-8.
  • Raphael, Ray. .Founding Myths: Stories That Hide Our Patriotic Past. New York: The New Press, 2004. ISBN 1-56584-921-3.
  • Thomas, Peter D. G. The Townshend Duties Crisis: The Second Phase of the American Revolution, 1767–1773.^ Interest, because I am always curious what new mess humans have found themselves in, and detachment, because our lives on this planet are short and of no real consequence.
    • Robert Scheer: Boston Tea Party, 2008 - Robert Scheer's Columns -Truthdig 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Peter Stuyvesant brought the first tea to America to the colonists in the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam (later re-named New York by the English).
    • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tea trade was centered in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, future centers of American rebellion.
    • Stash Tea: History of Tea 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC www.stashtea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987. ISBN 0-19-822967-4.
  • Thomas, Peter D. G. Tea Party to Independence: The Third Phase of the American Revolution, 1773–1776.^ Cowboy Independence Day Tea Party .
    • Boston Independence Day Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC boston.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Odessa, TX Independence Day Tea Party .
    • Boston Independence Day Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC boston.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Nantucket Island, MA Independence Day Tea Party .
    • Boston Independence Day Tea Party 10 February 2010 12:33 UTC boston.reteaparty.com [Source type: General]

    Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991. ISBN 0-19-820142-7.
  • Young, Alfred F. The Shoemaker and the Tea Party: Memory and the American Revolution. Boston: Beacon Press, 1999. ISBN 0807054054; ISBN 978-0807054055.

External links


Simple English

File:Boston tea
An engraving of American colonists dressed as Native Americans throwing 342[1] trunks of the cargo that was on the British tea ships into Boston Harbor on December 16, 1773.

The Boston Tea Party was a violent protest by American colonists against King George III's rule in America. It happened on December 16, 1773.

The British government had been putting taxes on almost everything that Americans wanted to buy, including tea. The Americans had no one to speak for them in the British government. They were mad that they were being taxed by the government but had no part in how the government was run. They did not think it was right to pay taxes when they did not have a representative in the government ("No taxation without representation!"). Also merchants selling their goods would lose their profit because of the taxes. The Americans began purchasing smuggled goods, which was much cheaper. In order to stop the smuggling trade, King George III established the East India Company, which sold goods at a lower price than the goods smuggled, but with a secret tax on them. When the colonists found that the goods were coming from the king, they became furious.

To show how angry they were, a group of people named the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Native Americans and went onto ships in the Boston harbor. They took boxes of tea and dumped them into the water. This made the British government very angry. The British government made even harder laws for the people of the Massachusetts colony. One of these laws was The Intolerable Acts which said that Boston harbor was closed until the colonists paid back all the tea they lost. The Boston Tea Party was one of the main things that started the American Revolutionary War.

References

  1. Alexander, Revolutionary Politician, 125–26; Labaree, Tea Party, 141–44.

Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found
Wikimedia Commons has images, video, and/or sound related to:


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Boston Tea Party, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message