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Bouchegouf District
دائرة بوشقوف
Province Guelma
District seat Bouchegouf
Municipalities 4
Population 43 387 (1998)

Bouchegouf is a district in Guelma Province, Algeria. It was named after its capital, Bouchegouf.

Contents

Town

Bouchegouf is a town in eastern Algeria in the wilaya of Guelma, 35 km from the center of the wilaya, and 52 km from the wilaya of Annaba and 42 miles from the wilaya of Souk-Ahras.[1] is also at a distance of 600 km from the capital Algiers and 300 km distance between Bouchegouf and Tunisia about 300 km between the city and the Capital Bouchegouf Tunis. the number of living in the city and around DE35 000. During French colonialism, it was called Duvivier.[1] [1] Bouchegouf troisiemme is the city in willaya of Guelma, after Guelma city and Oued Zenati. It is a beautiful virgin nature such as Kohail, Taff, Zaafrania, Chaab Laatach. The largest district and 550 and Rue Logts National 16.[1]

Bouchegouf Introduction, identification of a poorly known

Bouchegouf region, the former Niniba, contains some forty archaeological sites dating from prehistoric, protohistoric, Numidian, Roman and Byzantine.La typology of archaeological sites in the region varies Bouchegouf protohistoric tombs (dolmens, tumuli) farms, mills, tombs associated with farms, traces of Roman roads, remains of ponts.En outside the discovery of an ax and a polished edge starts recently found at a place called Gafeza, prehistoric times this deficiency on documentation and studies. The protohistoric period in which the traces are few, including the necropolis of Nador, which stretches over a vast area of the mountainside is exposed to the east, another group megalithic composed of dolmen and steles to libyque the end of djebel Grine near the Mechta of Fedje-Abdallah. In the region of Sedjerma ago vaults carved into the rock .. A rock Gafeza an engraving on a rock is a lion. Similarly, the pre-Roman era is rich in evidence of stone with inscriptions tumulaire libyque and bilingual (Latin and libyque), published in the Recueil des Inscriptions Libyan, No. 446, 447, 448, 449. Stela No.451 is a Bouchegouf, with two parallel inscriptions: a libyque and other Punic. The Roman era is characterized by the two Roman roads reported in the tabula Peutingeriana, the first Emperor of Hippo Regius to Tipaza (Tifeche) by Vicus Juliani reflects the remains of a Roman bridge on the Seybouse, the 10 second is to Hippo Thagaste also by passing Bouchegouf.[2]

A-Medjez SFA, there are Roman ruins, among the remains important on the left bank of the wadi Melah we found the inclusion of a slave of a domain. Instead Zattara said a Kef bou Zioun ten Latin inscription found in this locality, one of them very important, says the administrative status as municipality (municipii Zat (hectares) and porticu rostris (CIL 08.05178 - ILAlg-01, 00553) A Koudiet el Batum we found a large ancient cemetery, tombs carved in the rock (pit anthropoid form), sarcophagi, tumulaire stones with inscriptions. Rather said Debidib (firm), Roman ruins of a large farm, baths, cisterns. Zaouiat el Guelaa A, near the stop for the wadi Frarah right bank of the Seybouse on a nipple that the river bypasses two large speakers on top, a rectangular fort, while the block Gross mortarless.[2]

Geological Overview

Bouchegouf the region is mountainous, with average altitude of about 500m, its appearance is the monotony of geological formations that constitute it. The territory represented 9/10e are formed by clay and sandstone numidien,, they give the immense forest spread of Beni and Ouled Salah Bechia On the western edge, through the wadi Seybouse cluse in these formations numidiennes. The elevation of the bottom of its valley varies between 29 and 107m upstream from the confluence of Wadi Mellah. There are a series of alluvial terraces stage until about 150m. They are particularly between developed and Bouchegouf Boudaroua. In the south-west corner, within the angle formed by the Wadi Wadi and Seybouse Mellah is the northern extremity of the great dome of the Triassic-Jebel Nador Laverdure15. Forests blessed Salah is a good choice for the election of ground-oak and cork oak trees of ZENN dense, rich and varied that reflects an important geomorphological natural resources as essential for the ancient institution, the legal status of natural reserve area favors us for a good archaeological documentation (well-preserved samples). numidien The sandstone was also the testimony of ancient settlements among them remains unpublished. . The most famous of Nador is mine which was exploited by the Romans in shot lead, and zinc. Also hot springs and artesian had their significance have been well exploited cite as an example, al'extrême South East boucehgouf instead N'bail said Hammam, a spa, out today to 150 meters down form a new deposit of carbonate of lime. The upper source was captured by the Romans along the Roman road to a beautiful bathing establishment in ruins. The plain of Seybouse offers the most fertile land of good quality crops are much more varied and rich in cereals, tobacco, vine, vegetable, fruit trees, olive trees. What is the testimony of farms, oil , firm of ancient times.[2]

Search History

Archaeological research on the region Bouchegouf are old. These are notes that studies dating back to the nineteenth century and from the officers of the French army who had the opportunity to explore the territory in collaboration with Algerian civilians from the administrative area and school. They should at Charles de Vigneral, Levistre Chassaigne and summarize the results of excavations at Dolmen di Nador and Wadi Frarah. Reboud et Mercier, published several notes on the region. Mougel. was the recipient of the Academy of Hippo, who lived fifteen years has Duvivier (Bouchegouf) until 1894. As administrative officer to the curia, he conducted several surveys in the region, publishing in the Bulletin of the Academy of Hippo. St. Gsell published a large number of inscriptions from the region of Bouchegouf and its surroundings.[2]

Geomorphological data analysis, the territory was Bouchegouf strategic roads and ancient human settlements. Its strategic geographical position for transport, is in the form of a node where the ancient main roads (Thagaste Hippo, Hippo Tifeche) met. The confluence of two rivers (el Mellah and Seybouse) provided a water resource and the possibility of transporting goods. The territory is rich in archaeological evidence of its witnesses agricultural productivity (olive oil, cereals).

Archaeological research conducted so far, now dated and incomplete, have been in a logical menu colonialist and selective. Archaeological records were made on the basis of signs and sporadic discoveries. The surveys were ad hoc and based on the criteria of monumentality with a predilection philological epigraphic material.[2] Indeed, the wealth of the territory in terms of ancient epigraphic heritage, discovered in the area remains unexplored and has not been reading organic and territorial. A multidisciplinary review of the entries in a territorial logic related to archaeological traces still exist, would better understand the social and legal status of the area especially with the presence of local names and pre-roman (nota) which suggests an interaction between fervent local culture and Roman culture.

The intention is to retain the material published so far and compare with a systematic exploration of the territory that would bring to the detailed documentation of archaeological sites, the communication network with data geomorphological, pedological, and geological. All of its investigation would include the distribution of human settlement in the region by analyzing the use and occupancy of land and socio-economic systems generated.[2]

Municipalities

The district is further divied into 4 municipalities:

  • Bouchegouf
  • Oued Fragha
  • Aïn Ben Beida
  • Medjez Sfa

References

  1. ^ a b c Samir Kaizouri: cité 61 Logt Bouchegouf
  2. ^ a b c d e f Samir Houamria: préparation Doctoral; Sienne Italie

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