The Full Wiki

Bowling: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A ten-pin bowler releases the ball.

Bowling is a sport in which players attempt to score points by rolling a bowling ball along a flat surface, usually a wooden or synthetic surface, either into objects called pins or to get close to a target ball.[1] There are many forms of bowling, with one of the most recent being ten-pin bowling. Primitive forms of bowling may have existed in ancient times as early as A.D. 300 in Germany,[2] and also in ancient Finland and Yemen.[3] The first standardized rules were established in New York City, on September 9, 1895.[4] Today, bowling is enjoyed by 95 million people in more than ninety countries worldwide [5] and continues to grow through entertainment mediums such as video games for home consoles and hand held devices.[6]

Contents

Health benefits

Bowling is an anaerobic type of physical exercise, similar to walking with free weights. Bowling helps in burning calories and works muscle groups not usually exercised. The flexing and stretching in bowling works tendons, joints, ligaments, and muscles in the arms and promotes weight loss. Apart from the physical benefits it also has psychosocial benefits, strengthening friendships or creating new ones in groups. [7]

Bowling safety

Like any other physical activity, warming up helps to prevent injuries. Checking the soles of shoes for sticky objects helps to avoid falls. Since bowling balls are heavy with varying weight ranges, to avoid back and wrist injury they should be picked up with both hands. It’s recommended to bend one’s knees while picking up bowling balls to avoid back injuries. The bowling ball return mechanism has a driven wheel, and bowlers should keep their hands clear of it. [8][9]

Types of pins

Four main variations are found in North America, varying especially in New England and parts of Canada.

tenpin 
largest and heaviest pins, bowled with a large ball, and the most popular size in North America; the highest score in tenpin bowling 300 in one game
candlepin 
tallest pins, thin with matching ends, and bowled with a handheld ball
duckpin 
short, squat, and bowled with a handheld ball
fivepin 
tall, between duckpins and candlepins in diameter with a rubber girdle, bowled with a handheld ball, mostly found in Canada.

Equipment

Ball

The usage of random house balls is not recommendable to attain consistency in bowling movements. Each time a ball is switched, the weight may vary affecting arm motions. A custom bowling ball or one that fits well and has the right weight for the hand is also a key aspect to a good throwing technique as it allows a proper hand motion. In general, bowlers should hold the ball with the two fingers of the dominant hand. [10]

Shoes

Bowling shoes posses an intermediate style between regular dressing shoes and the athletic type. The sole of the non sliding foot is generally made of rubber like you would find on a basketball sneaker to create stability, while the sliding foot is made of a much softer material that allows a bowler to slide into his release. These shoes can be bought, but they are normally rented. [11]

Gloves

A bowling glove is a glove with a metal wrist support and a textured face that offers support in order to enhance grip. There are different glove styles, including those with a full metal finger design and ones with an uncovered portion for the middle and ring fingers. [12]

Outdoor variations

A bowls tournament in Berrigan, New South Wales, Australia.

The second category of bowling is usually played outdoors on a lawn. At outdoor bowling, the players throw a ball, which is sometimes eccentrically weighted, in an attempt to put it closest to a designated point or slot in the bowling arena. Included in the outdoor category:

Competitions

Four-lane candlepin bowling alley in Windsor, Vermont, USA, about 1910

Major tournaments

Multi-sport events

Bowling Alleys of the late 1950’s and early 1960’s

Bowling alley construction was considered “an important facet” of property development in the western United States in the late 1950’s and early 1960’s, described by the LA Times as “small cities in themselves”, some of which cost tens of millions of dollars (in 1960’s dollars). Developer Louis Lesser was described by the Los Angeles Times as “the most active in this field” of bowling alley development. By 1962, he had developed nine bowling alleys. The biggest in size as of 1962 was Parkway Lanes in El Cajon, developed at a cost of ($1 million 1962) with 60 alleys, five acres of parking. The facility had “varied entertainment rivaling the best in night clubs”, according to the LA Times, with “headliners”, such as Louis Prima, Lili St. Cyr, Johnny Ray, Frankie Lane, and Roberta Linn appeared at Parkway, developed by Lesser with Irvin Kahn and George Hirsch. Legion Lanes was developed by Lesser with Ted Bentley into a 44-lane bowling alley from the Hollywood American Legion Stadium boxing arena, at El Centro and Hollywood Blvd., at a $14,384,106 (adjusted for inflation). The facility included a playroom for children, cocktail bar, billiard room, and snack bar. NBC provided its lot for temporary parking during construction, and Milt Enright became manager of the facility. By 1962, Lesser also had planned development of bowling alleys in Australia, New Zealand, and Japan, as bowling competed with cricket, soccer, and rugby as national pastimes in these countries. In 1960, Lesser developed a bowling alley in Indio, CA, at a cost of $5,394,040 (adjusted for inflation), in 1959, the $14,927,835 (adjusted for inflation) “Beach City” Santa Monica Civic Lanes in Santa Monica, California, also to house the Santa Monica Civic Club, and Samoa Lanes at 5th and Broadway in Santa Monica, both with 24 lanes, “equipped with automated pinsetters, a billiard room, children’s playroom, coffee shop, and cocktail lounge”.[13][14][15][16][17]

See also

References

  1. ^ United States Bowling Conference
  2. ^ bowlingmuseum.com
  3. ^ Official Website of the Chinese Olympic Committee
  4. ^ Springdale USBC Site
  5. ^ Fit4FunKids site
  6. ^ AMF Bowling Pinbusters! for Nokia N-Gage
  7. ^ Calorie-counter.net - How to Lose Weight by Bowling
  8. ^ BellaOnline - Personal Bowling Safety
  9. ^ Pinboy's Guide To Better Bowling
  10. ^ General Bowling Information 2010-02-15
  11. ^ Using bowling shoes About bowling online portal. Retrieved on 2010-02-15
  12. ^ Bowling advice Bowling Forums 2010-02-15
  13. ^ LAT 1959-01-25 2 Million Program Set for Santa Monica
  14. ^ LAT, 1960-01-03, “Indio Bowling Alley Rising”
  15. ^ LAT, 1960-08-28, “NOTED BOXING ARENA NOW BOWLING CENTER”
  16. ^ LAT, 1962-07-08, “Bowling Right Up Developers Alley”
  17. ^ LAT, 1960-04-24, “Bowling Alley, Parkway Lanes”

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BOWLING (Lat. bulla, a globe, through O. Fr. boule, ball), an indoor game played upon an alley with wooden balls and nine or ten wooden pins. It has been played for centuries in Germany and the Low Countries, where it is still in high favour, but attains its greatest popularity in the United States, whence it was introduced in colonial times from Holland. The Dutch inhabitants of New Amsterdam, now New York, were much addicted to it, and up to the year 1840 it was played on the green, the principal resort of the bowlers being the square just north of the Battery still called Bowling Green. The first covered alleys were made of hardened clay or of slate, but those in vogue at present are built up of alternate strips of pine and maple wood, about 1 x 3 in. in size, set on edge, and fastened together and to the bed of the alley with the nicest art of the cabinet-maker.

The width of the alley is 412 in., and its whole length about 80 ft. From the head, or apex, pin to the foul-line, over which the player may not step in delivering the ball, the distance is 60 f t. On each side of the alley is a 9-in. "gutter" to catch any balls that are bowled wide. Originally nine pins, set up in the diamond form, were used, but during the first part of the 19th century the game of "nine-pins" was prohibited by law, on account of the excessive betting connected with it. This ordinance, however, was soon evaded by the addition of a tenth pin, resulting in the game of "ten-pins," the pastime in vogue to-day. The ten pins are set up at the end of the alley in the form of a right-angled triangle in four rows, four pins at the back, then three, then two and one as head pin. The back row is placed 3 in. from the alley's edge, back of which is the pin-pit, io in. deep and about 3 ft. wide. The back wall is heavily padded (often with a heavy, swinging cushion), and there are safety corners for the pin-boys, who set up the pins, call the scores and place the balls in the sloping "railway" which returns them to the players' end of the alley. The pins are made of hard maple and are 15 in. high, 24 in. in diameter at their base and 15 in. in circumference at the thickest point. The balls, which are made of some very hard wood, usually lignum vitae, may be of any size not exceeding 27 in. in circumference and 162 lb in weight. They are provided with holes for the thumb and middle finger. As many may play on a side as please, five being the number for championship teams, though this sometimes varies. Each player rolls three balls, called a frame, and ten frames constitute a game, unless otherwise agreed upon. In first-class matches two balls only are rolled. If all ten pins are knocked down by the first ball the player makes a strike, which counts him io plus whatever he may make with the first two balls of his next frame. If, however, he should then make another strike, io more are added to his score, making 20, to which are added the pins he may knock down with his first ball of the third frame. This may also score a strike, making 30 as the score of the first frame, and, should the player keep up this high average, he will score the maximum, 300, in his ten frames. If all the pins are knocked down with two balls it is called a spare, and the player may add the pins made by the first ball of his second frame. This seemingly complicated mode of scoring is comparatively simple when properly lined score-boards are used. Of course, if all three balls are used no strike or spare is scored, but the number of pins overturned is recorded. The tens of thousands of bowling clubs in the United States and Canada are under the jurisdiction of the American Bowling Congress, which meets once a year to revise the rules and hold contests for the national championships.

Several minor varieties of bowling are popular in America, the most in vogue being "Cocked Hat," which is played with three pins, one in the head-pin position and the others on either corner of the back row. The pins are usually a little larger than those used in the regular game, and smaller balls are used. The maximum score is 90, and all balls, even those going into the gutter, are in play. "Cocked hat and Feather" is similar, except thatafourthpinisadded, placed in the centre. Other variations of bowling are "Quintet," in which five pins, set up like an arrow pointed towards the bowler, are used; the "Battle Game," in which 12 can be scored by knocking down all but the centre, or king, pin; "Head Pin and Four Back," in which five pins are used, one in the head-pin position and the rest on the back line; "Four Back"; "Five Back"; "Duck Pin"; "Head Pin," with nine pins set up in the oldfashioned way, and "Candle Pin," in which thin pins tapering towards the top and bottom are used, the other rules being similar to those of the regular game.

The American bowling game is played to a slight extent in Great Britain and Germany. In the latter country, however, the oldfashioned game of nine-pins (Kegelspiel) with solid balls and the pins set up diamond-fashion, obtains universally. The alleys are made with less care than the American, being of_cement, asphalt, slate or marble.


<< Bowline

Bowling Green, Kentucky >>


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to bowling article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Contents

English

Pronunciation

Verb

bowling

  1. Present participle of bowl.

Noun

Singular
bowling

Plural
uncountable

bowling (uncountable)

Bowling (sense 1)
  1. A game played by rolling a ball down an alley and trying to knock over a triangular group of ten pins; ten-pin bowling
  2. Several similar games played indoors or outdoors.
  3. (cricket) The action of propelling the ball towards the batsman.
  4. (slang) A particular style of walking associated with urban street culture.
  5. (gerund) The action of the verb to bowl.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also

Anagrams


French

Etymology

From English bowling.

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /bu.liŋ/

Noun

bowling m. (plural bowlings)

  1. bowling
    Elle adore jouer au bowling.
  2. A place where one can play bowling.

Italian

Noun

bowling m. inv.

  1. ten-pin bowling
  2. bowling alley

Swedish

Noun

Declination for bowling Singular Uncountable
Common Indefinite Definite
Base form bowling bowlingen
Possessive form bowlings bowlingens

bowling c.

  1. bowling; a game played by rolling a ball down an alley

Simple English

Bowling is a sport where people roll a ball down a bowling lane to try to knock ten bowling pins down without going into the gutters or missing. There are other kinds of bowling as well.

Description

The bowling ball has three holes in it that the person puts his or her ring, middle, and thumb. The person has to go up to the lane, lift the ball back, and roll the ball down a 60 foot long lane attempting to knock down nine wooden pins. If the person does not do it right, the ball might not knock all the pins down or might roll into the gutter. Players take turns rolling a ball down the lane to see who gets the highest score.

Scoring

In bowling, the goal is to get the highest score. Bowling scores can be as low as 0 or as high as 300. Players get 10 chances to knock down all of the pins; each chance is called a frame. In each frame, players can try to knock down all of the pins up to two times. Players who do not knock down all of the pins after two tries get up to 9 points for the frame. One point is given for every pin knocked down, if any are knocked down at all. If players are able to knock down all of the pins on the first or second try, they are given 10 points for the frame plus bonus points. Frames in which a player knocks down all of the pins on the first try are scored as a strike. A strike is worth 10 points plus the number of pins knocked down by the player during their next two tries. If players do not score a strike but knock down all remaining on their second try, the frame is scored as a spare. A spare is worth 10 points plus the number of pins knocked down on the next try.

Players who score a strike or spare on their 10th frame are allowed to roll the ball up to two additional times to score their bonus points.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message