Bowling alley: Wikis

  
  

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A ten-pin bowler releases the ball.

Bowling is a sport in which players attempt to score points by rolling a bowling ball along a flat surface, usually a wooden or synthetic surface, either into objects called pins or to get close to a target ball.[1] There are many forms of bowling, with one of the most recent being ten-pin bowling. Primitive forms of bowling may have existed in ancient times as early as A.D. 300 in Germany,[2] and also in ancient Finland and Yemen.[3] The first standardized rules were established in New York City, on September 9, 1895.[4] Today, bowling is enjoyed by 95 million people in more than ninety countries worldwide [5] and continues to grow through entertainment mediums such as video games for home consoles and hand held devices.[6]

Contents

Health benefits

Bowling is an anaerobic type of physical exercise, similar to walking with free weights. Bowling helps in burning calories and works muscle groups not usually exercised. The flexing and stretching in bowling works tendons, joints, ligaments, and muscles in the arms and promotes weight loss. Apart from the physical benefits it also has psychosocial benefits, strengthening friendships or creating new ones in groups. [7]

Bowling safety

Like any other physical activity, warming up helps to prevent injuries. Checking the soles of shoes for sticky objects helps to avoid falls. Since bowling balls are heavy with varying weight ranges, to avoid back and wrist injury they should be picked up with both hands. It’s recommended to bend one’s knees while picking up bowling balls to avoid back injuries. The bowling ball return mechanism has a driven wheel, and bowlers should keep their hands clear of it. [8][9]

Types of pins

Four main variations are found in North America, varying especially in New England and parts of Canada.

tenpin 
largest and heaviest pins, bowled with a large ball, and the most popular size in North America; the highest score in tenpin bowling 300 in one game
candlepin 
tallest pins, thin with matching ends, and bowled with a handheld ball
duckpin 
short, squat, and bowled with a handheld ball
fivepin 
tall, between duckpins and candlepins in diameter with a rubber girdle, bowled with a handheld ball, mostly found in Canada.

Equipment

Ball

The usage of random house balls is not recommendable to attain consistency in bowling movements. Each time a ball is switched, the weight may vary affecting arm motions. A custom bowling ball or one that fits well and has the right weight for the hand is also a key aspect to a good throwing technique as it allows a proper hand motion. In general, bowlers should hold the ball with the two fingers of the dominant hand. [10]

Shoes

Bowling shoes posses an intermediate style between regular dressing shoes and the athletic type. The sole of the non sliding foot is generally made of rubber like you would find on a basketball sneaker to create stability, while the sliding foot is made of a much softer material that allows a bowler to slide into his release. These shoes can be bought, but they are normally rented. [11]

Gloves

A bowling glove is a glove with a metal wrist support and a textured face that offers support in order to enhance grip. There are different glove styles, including those with a full metal finger design and ones with an uncovered portion for the middle and ring fingers. [12]

Outdoor variations

A bowls tournament in Berrigan, New South Wales, Australia.

The second category of bowling is usually played outdoors on a lawn. At outdoor bowling, the players throw a ball, which is sometimes eccentrically weighted, in an attempt to put it closest to a designated point or slot in the bowling arena. Included in the outdoor category:

Competitions

Four-lane candlepin bowling alley in Windsor, Vermont, USA, about 1910

Major tournaments

Multi-sport events

Bowling Alleys of the late 1950’s and early 1960’s

Bowling alley construction was considered “an important facet” of property development in the western United States in the late 1950’s and early 1960’s, described by the LA Times as “small cities in themselves”, some of which cost tens of millions of dollars (in 1960’s dollars). Developer Louis Lesser was described by the Los Angeles Times as “the most active in this field” of bowling alley development. By 1962, he had developed nine bowling alleys. The biggest in size as of 1962 was Parkway Lanes in El Cajon, developed at a cost of ($1 million 1962) with 60 alleys, five acres of parking. The facility had “varied entertainment rivaling the best in night clubs”, according to the LA Times, with “headliners”, such as Louis Prima, Lili St. Cyr, Johnny Ray, Frankie Lane, and Roberta Linn appeared at Parkway, developed by Lesser with Irvin Kahn and George Hirsch. Legion Lanes was developed by Lesser with Ted Bentley into a 44-lane bowling alley from the Hollywood American Legion Stadium boxing arena, at El Centro and Hollywood Blvd., at a $14,384,106 (adjusted for inflation). The facility included a playroom for children, cocktail bar, billiard room, and snack bar. NBC provided its lot for temporary parking during construction, and Milt Enright became manager of the facility. By 1962, Lesser also had planned development of bowling alleys in Australia, New Zealand, and Japan, as bowling competed with cricket, soccer, and rugby as national pastimes in these countries. In 1960, Lesser developed a bowling alley in Indio, CA, at a cost of $5,394,040 (adjusted for inflation), in 1959, the $14,927,835 (adjusted for inflation) “Beach City” Santa Monica Civic Lanes in Santa Monica, California, also to house the Santa Monica Civic Club, and Samoa Lanes at 5th and Broadway in Santa Monica, both with 24 lanes, “equipped with automated pinsetters, a billiard room, children’s playroom, coffee shop, and cocktail lounge”.[13][14][15][16][17]

See also

References

  1. ^ United States Bowling Conference
  2. ^ bowlingmuseum.com
  3. ^ Official Website of the Chinese Olympic Committee
  4. ^ Springdale USBC Site
  5. ^ Fit4FunKids site
  6. ^ AMF Bowling Pinbusters! for Nokia N-Gage
  7. ^ Calorie-counter.net - How to Lose Weight by Bowling
  8. ^ BellaOnline - Personal Bowling Safety
  9. ^ Pinboy's Guide To Better Bowling
  10. ^ General Bowling Information 2010-02-15
  11. ^ Using bowling shoes About bowling online portal. Retrieved on 2010-02-15
  12. ^ Bowling advice Bowling Forums 2010-02-15
  13. ^ LAT 1959-01-25 2 Million Program Set for Santa Monica
  14. ^ LAT, 1960-01-03, “Indio Bowling Alley Rising”
  15. ^ LAT, 1960-08-28, “NOTED BOXING ARENA NOW BOWLING CENTER”
  16. ^ LAT, 1962-07-08, “Bowling Right Up Developers Alley”
  17. ^ LAT, 1960-04-24, “Bowling Alley, Parkway Lanes”







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