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A common box truck in Washington, Pennsylvania

A box truck, also known as a cube truck, cube van, bob truck, box van, or straight truck, is a truck with a cuboid-shaped cargo area.


Road vehicles

They usually range in size 4 to 7 m in length, with smaller or larger ones existing but being rare in North America. They usually have a garage-like rear door that rolls up. On some box trucks, the cargo area is accessible from the cabin via a small door.

Box trucks are usually used by companies that need to haul appliances or furniture. They are also used as moving trucks which can be rented from companies such as U-Haul or Ryder.[1]

In North America, Ford, Dodge and Chevrolet/GMC are the most common chassis manufacturers to which various producers attach the box cargo holds.

A box truck is sometimes mistakenly called a cargo van. A cargo van is a regular full size van, such as a Mercedes-Benz Sprinter or a Ford E-Series/Ford Transit, without rear seats and usually without side windows in the cargo area. However, box trucks often use the cab of full size vans from the big three (i.e. Ford E-series/Econoline, Dodge Ram Van, Chevrolet Express/Chevrolet Van/GMC Vandura/GMC Savana).

Ford F350 box truck

Railway vehicles

In British and Commonwealth usage, box van is a term for a four wheeled railway truck (freight vehicle) with a fully-enclosed body. In British English the word truck more commonly refers to a railway vehicle, with lorry more commonly employed for road vehicles. The word van is widely used in both contexts.

See also



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