Boyd County, Kentucky: Wikis

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Boyd County, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Boyd County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Seat Catlettsburg
Largest city Ashland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

162 sq mi (420 km²)
160 sq mi (414 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 1.02%
Population
 - (2008)
 - Density

48,560
311/sq mi (120/km²)
Founded 1860
Named for Linn Boyd, United States Congressman (1835–1837; 1839–1855) and Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky (1859)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.boydcountyky.com
Footnotes: County motto: "Where Coal Meets Iron"

Boyd County is located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It was formed in 1860. Its 160 square miles (410 km2) are found at the northeastern edge of the state the near the Ohio River and Big Sandy River, nestled in the verdant rolling hills of Appalachia. The county seat is Catlettsburg. Its largest municipality is the city of Ashland.

As of 2000, the county population was 49,752. Boyd County is a part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 288,649. [1].

Contents

History

Boyd County was the 107th of 120 counties formed in the state of Kentucky. The county was established in 1860 from parts of surrounding Greenup, Carter, and Lawrence counties. It was named for Linn Boyd of Paducah, former U.S. congressman, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, who died in 1859 soon after being elected lieutenant governor of Kentucky.

The earliest evidence of human habitation in Boyd County exists in the forms of numerous earthen mounds containing human skeletons and burial goods giving evidence that prehistoric Native Americans inhabited the area. A 1973 archeological find revealed a serpent-shaped mound built of rocks dating to 2000 B.C. and stretching for 900 feet (270 m) along a ridge parallel to the Big Sandy River south of Catlettsburg.

One of the early settlers in what is now Boyd County was Charles ("One-handed Charley") Smith, from Virginia. A veteran of the French and Indian War who had served under Col. George Washington in 1754, Smith received for that service roughly 400 acres (1.6 km2) around Chadwicks Creek, where he built a cabin in 1774. Smith died in 1776 and in 1797 this land passed to Alexander Catlett for whom the town of Catlettsburg is named.

The Poage family arrived from Staunton, Virginia, in October 1799 and formed Poage’s Landing, later renamed the city of Ashland.

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Industry

Members of the Poage family built the steam-powered Clinton iron furnace in 1832, the earliest industry in present-day Boyd County. A total of twenty-nine charcoal-fueled iron furnaces operated on the Kentucky side of the Ohio River, seven of them in present-day Boyd County.

The Kentucky Iron, Coal and Manufacturing Company was incorporated on March 8, 1854, and it laid out the town of Ashland, then within Greenup County. The company purchased thousands of acres of coal, timber, and ore lands throughout the county. It invested US$210,000 in bonds of the Lexington & Big Sandy River Railroad Company, with the stipulation that the eastern division of that line extend into Ashland instead of ending, as originally planned, in Catlettsburg. The early presence of the railroad in Ashland was largely responsible for this city becoming the dominant municipality of the county.

Ashland furnace was sold to American Rolling Mill Company in 1921, which developed into Armco Steel Corporation. In 1963 Armco constructed the Amanda furnace, one of the largest blast furnaces in the world. Known today as AK Steel, the industry remains a major employer in northeastern Kentucky.

Ashland Oil, Inc., at one time the largest corporation headquartered in Kentucky, was started in 1924 at Leach Station, south of Catlettsburg, by Paul G. Blazer. Best known for their Valvoline Oil products, Ashland Oil relocated to Covington, Kentucky in 1999, merged with Marathon Oil, and sold its remaining petroleum shares to Marathon in 2005, dissolving their petroleum division. The original oil refinery, located in Catlettsburg, is still in operation today and is currently owned by Marathon Oil.

Alcohol sales

Since 2007, Boyd County allows, with a permit, alcohol sales in restaurants that seat over 100 people and derive over 70% of their income from food sales.[2] The one exception is city of Ashland, where all retail alcohol sales are allowed with a permit. This makes the county officially a limited county with a wet city. Prior to 2007, alcohol sale in all areas of Boyd County, with the exception of Ashland, was prohibited.

Geography

The Boyd County Courthouse in Catlettsburg, with a statue of John Milton Elliott.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 162 square miles (420 km2), of which 160 square miles (414 km2) is land and 2 square miles (5.2 km2) is water.

Adjacent counties

Education

Colleges

Ashland Community and Technical College, in Ashland, is one of 16 two-year, open-admissions colleges of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System. Morehead State University also has a satellite campus located in Ashland.

Public school districts

Private schools

  • Holy Family. Holy Family is affiliated with the Holy Family Catholic Church and currently offers K-8 education.
  • Rose Hill Christian. Rose Hill is affiliated with the Rose Hill Baptist Church and offers K-12.

Other schools

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 8,573
1880 12,165 41.9%
1890 14,033 15.4%
1900 18,834 34.2%
1910 23,444 24.5%
1920 29,281 24.9%
1930 43,849 49.8%
1940 45,938 4.8%
1950 49,949 8.7%
1960 52,163 4.4%
1970 52,376 0.4%
1980 55,513 6.0%
1990 51,150 −7.9%
2000 49,752 −2.7%
http://ukcc.uky.edu/~census/21019.txt

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 49,752 people, 20,010 households, and 14,107 families residing in the county. The population density was 311 per square mile (120 /km2). There were 21,976 housing units at an average density of 137 per square mile (53 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.97% White, 2.55% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,010 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.86.

The age distribution was 21.80% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,749, and the median income for a family was $41,125. Males had a median income of $35,728 versus $22,591 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,212. About 11.50% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census Designated Places

Unincorporated Communities

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 38°22′N 82°41′W / 38.36°N 82.69°W / 38.36; -82.69


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Boyd County, Kentucky
Map
File:Map of Kentucky highlighting Boyd County.png
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the USA highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1860
Seat Catlettsburg
Largest City Ashland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.02%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

49752
Time zone Eastern : UTC-5/-4
Website: www.boydcountyky.com
Named for: Linn Boyd, United States Congressman (1835–1837; 1839–1855) and Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky (1859)
County motto: "Where Coal Meets Iron"

Boyd County is located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It was formed in 1860. Its 160 square miles are found at the northeastern edge of the state the near the Ohio River and Big Sandy River, nestled in the verdant rolling hills of Appalachia. The county seat is Catlettsburg. Its largest municipality is the city of Ashland.

As of 2000, the county population was 49,752. Boyd County is a part of the Huntington-Ashland (MSA). As of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 288,649. 6.

Contents

History

A view heading westbound on Interstate 64 entering the state of Boyd County, Kentucky from West Virginia.


Boyd County was the 107th of 120 counties formed in the state of Kentucky. The county was established in 1860 from parts of surrounding Greenup, Carter, and Lawrence counties. It was named for Linn Boyd of Paducah, former U.S. congressman, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, who died in 1859 soon after being elected lieutenant governor of Kentucky.

The earliest evidence of human habitation in Boyd County exists in the forms of numerous earthen mounds containing human skeletons and burial goods giving evidence that prehistoric Native Americans inhabited the area. A 1973 archeological find revealed a serpent-shaped mound built of rocks dating to 2000 B.C. and stretching for nine hundred feet along a ridge parallel to the Big Sandy River south of Catlettsburg.

One of the early settlers in what is now Boyd County was Charles ("One-handed Charley") Smith, from Virginia. A veteran of the French and Indian War who had served under Col. George Washington in 1754, Smith received for that service roughly four hundred acres around Chadwicks Creek, where he built a cabin in 1774. Smith died in 1776 and in 1797 this land passed to Alexander Catlett for whom the town of Catlettsburg is named.

The Poage family arrived from Staunton, in October 1799 and formed Poage’s Landing, later renamed the city of Ashland.

Industry

Members of the Poage family built the steam-powered Clinton iron furnace in 1832, the earliest industry in present-day Boyd County. A total of twenty-nine charcoal-fueled iron furnaces operated on the Kentucky side of the Ohio River, seven of them in present-day Boyd County.

The Kentucky Iron, Coal and Manufacturing Company was incorporated on March 8 1854, and it laid out the town of Ashland, then within Greenup County. The company purchased thousands of acres of coal, timber, and ore lands throughout the county. It invested US$210,000 in bonds of the Lexington & Big Sandy River Railroad Company, with the stipulation that the eastern division of that line extend into Ashland instead of ending, as originally planned, in Catlettsburg. The early presence of the railroad in Ashland was largely responsible for this city becoming the dominant municipality of the county.

Ashland furnace was sold to American Rolling Mill Company in 1921, which developed into Armco Steel Corporation. In 1969 Armco constructed the Amanda furnace, one of the largest blast furnaces in the world. Known today as AK Steel, the industry remains a major employer in northeastern Kentucky.

Ashland Oil, Inc., at one time the largest corporation headquartered in Kentucky, was started in 1924 at Leach Station, south of Catlettsburg, by Paul G. Blazer. Best known for their Valvoline Oil products, Ashland Oil relocated to Covington in 1999, merged with Marathon Oil, and sold its remaining petroleum shares to Marathon in 2005, dissolving their petroleum division. The original oil refinery, located in Catlettsburg, is still in operation today and is currently owned by Marathon Oil.

Alcohol sales

Since 2007, Boyd County allows, with a permit, alcohol sales in restaurants that seat over 100 people and derive over 70% of their income from food sales.[1] The one exception is city of Ashland, where all retail alcohol sales are allowed with a permit. This makes the county officially a limited county with a wet city. Prior to 2007, alcohol sale in all areas of Boyd County, with the exception of Ashland, was prohibited.

Geography

Boyd County Courthouse in Catlettsburg, Kentucky.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 419 km² (162 sq mi). 415 km² (160 sq mi) of it is land and 4 km² (2 sq mi) of it (1.02%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Education

Colleges

Ashland Community and Technical College, in Ashland, is one of 16 two-year, open-admissions colleges of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System. Morehead State University also has a satellite campus located in Ashland.

Public school districts

Private schools

  • Holy Family. Holy Family is affiliated with the Holy Family Catholic Church and currently offers K-8 education.
  • Rose Hill Christian. Rose Hill is affiliated with the Rose Hill Baptist Church and offers K-12.

Other schools

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 49,752 people, 20,010 households, and 14,107 families residing in the county. The population density was 120/km² (311/sq mi). There were 21,976 housing units at an average density of 53/km² (137/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 95.97% White, 2.55% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,010 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.86.

The age distribution was 21.80% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,749, and the median income for a family was $41,125. Males had a median income of $35,728 versus $22,591 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,212. About 11.50% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census Designated Places

Unincorporated Communites

Notes and references

  1. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.dailyindependent.com/local/local_story_143000419.html?keyword=topstory |title=All precincts but one vote yes |publisher=Ashland Independent |accessmonthday=May 23 |accessyear=2007 |format=HTML

External links

Coordinates: 38°22′N 82°41′W / 38.36, -82.69

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Boyd County, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Boyd County, KentuckyRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Kentucky  +
Short name Boyd County  +

This article uses material from the "Boyd County, Kentucky" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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