The Full Wiki

Brahui people: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brahui
بروہی
Brahui.jpg
A photograph from 1910 with the caption reading "Brahui of Quetta".
Total population
2.2 million
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan,[citation needed] 2,066,000
 Afghanistan,[citation needed] 260,000
 Iran,[citation needed] 16,000
 India,[citation needed] 400
Languages

Brahui and Balochi

Religion

Sunni Islam(Hanafi)

Related ethnic groups

Other Dravidian people, Baloch,Sindhis, Indo-aryan and iranian people

The Brahui people or Brohi people (Brahui: بروہی) are a Dravidian ethnic group[citation needed] of about 2.2 million people with the majority found in Kalat, Pakistan, but also found in smaller numbers in neighboring Afghanistan, and Iran. They are also Baloch people but they speak brahvi language. Linguistically they were believed to be a remnant of the inhabitants of the Indus Valley civilization.[citation needed] The Brahui language, also called Bravi, has been theorized as the remnant of a North Dravidian language. Due to its isolation from the other Dravidian tongues it has considerable Balochi vocabulary and counting begins with Balochi numbers. There is no distinct indigenous script for Brahui; like Sindhi and Balochi it is written in Perso-Arabic alphabet. Brahui is spoken in the following areas: Merv area of Turkmenistan, Sindh, Zahedan and Zabol in Iranian Balochistan, southern parts of Afghanistan, Pakistani Balochistan and with the bulk in the Jhalawan region.

Contents

Origins, geography, and demographics

There are two main theories regarding the Brahui that have been proposed by academics. One theory is that they are an ancient hold-over of some sort of Dravidian origin that descended from the people of the Indus Valley civilization.[citation needed]

Another theory is that they are migrants from northern India who arrived in the region either before the Aryan invasion, but probably before the Baloch.[citation needed] Over the centuries, due to their location, the Brahui have mixed with Iranian peoples as well as with the Indo-Aryan people(s), notably the Sindhis and other groups and culturally more closely resemble their neighbors.

The Brahuis are almost entirely Muslim, usually of the Sunni sect.

Language

The Brahui language is a Dravidian language[1] mainly spoken in the Kalat areas of Balochistan, Pakistan, although there are a considerable number of speakers in Southern Afghanistan and Iranian Balochistan. It includes three dialects including Sarawani (spoken in the north), Jhalawani (spoken in the southeast), and Chaghi (spoken in the northwest and west). According to a survey it has about 2,000,000 speakers in Pakistan (1998), 200,000 speakers in Afghanistan[2] and 20,000 speakers in Iran, which would amount to 2,220,000 in the world. Due to its isolation, Brahui's vocabulary is only 15% Dravidian, while the remainder is dominated by Perso-Arabic, Balochi, and Indo-Aryan, while the grammar and overall morphology still resemble other Dravidian tongues. Brahui is generally written in the Perso-Arabic script and there is even a Roman alphabet that has been developed for use with Brahui. In Pakistan when doing a BA (bachelor of Arts) program, the Brahui Language can be taken as an optional subject.

Tribal dialects

Baloch society is divided in tens of tribes, including the Mirwani, Bangulzai, Banulzai, Bizenjo,Khurasani, Langov, Lehri, Mengal, Muhammed Hasni, Mohammad Shahi, Raisani, Shahwani, Sumulani, Yusufzai (Dehwar) and Zarakzai (Zehri) [3]. Some tribes speak Brahui and some speak Balochi, and there are many that speak both. For instance, members of the Langov tribe, who inhabit central Balochistan in the Mangochar area, speak Balochi as their first language and Brahui as a second language. The Bizenjo tribe that inhabit Khuzdar, Nal and regions of Makran, along with the Muhammadsanis, one of the largest Baloch tribes, speak both languages. Another example is the Bangulzai tribe which is a Brahui-speaking tribe, but a sub-tribe of the Bangulzai, the Garanis, speak Balochi and are known as Balochi-speaking Bangulzais.

Presently Brahui is spoken in Balochistan (Iran), Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Sindh and the Gulf Arab states. Historically, all Khans of Balochistan were Brahui speakers[citation needed] but Balouchi is still spoken in court and in home settings.

Notable People

See also

References

http://www.balochonline.com/site/nationalism/ethnic_origin_cI.asp
http://www.scribd.com/doc/99421/Baloch-Nationalism-Its-origin-and-development

External links

Advertisements

Simple English

The Brahui people or Brohi people (Brahui: بروہی) are the only Dravidian ethnic group of about 2.2 million people living in the country, with the majority found in Kalat District of Pakistan, but also found in smaller numbers in neighboring Afghanistan and Iran. They are closely linked to the Balochs with whom they have substantially intermingled and whose cultural traits they have absorbed. Linguistically they were believed to be a remnant of the inhabitants of the IVC. The Brahui language, also called Bravi, has been theorized as the remnant of a North Dravidian language.


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message