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City of Brantford

Logo
Nickname(s): The Telephone City
Coordinates: 43°10′N 80°15′W / 43.167°N 80.25°W / 43.167; -80.25Coordinates: 43°10′N 80°15′W / 43.167°N 80.25°W / 43.167; -80.25
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Established May 31, 1877
Government
 - City Mayor Mike Hancock
 - Governing Body Brantford City Council
 - MP Phil McColeman (Conservative)
 - MPP Dave Levac (Liberal)
Area
 - City 75 km2 (29 sq mi)
Elevation 248 m (814 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 - City 90,192 (31st)
 Density 1,152.2/km2 (2,984.2/sq mi)
 Metro 124,607 (30th)
  From StatsCanada
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−4)
Postal code span N3P, N3R, N3S, N3T, N3V
Area code(s) 519/226
Website http://www.brantford.ca

Brantford is a city located on the Grand River in Southern Ontario, Canada. This single-tier municipality is geographically within Brant County and they are part of the same census division, but Brantford is municipally distinct from it. The city had a population of 90,192 in the Canada 2006 Census.

Brantford is connected to Woodstock in the west and Hamilton in the east by Highway 403 and to Cambridge to the north and Simcoe to the south by Highway 24.

Brantford is sometimes known by the nickname The Telephone City as former city resident Alexander Graham Bell conducted the first distant telephone call from the community to Paris, Ontario in 1876. It is also the birthplace of hockey player Wayne Gretzky.

Contents

History

Brant County Courthouse in Brantford

The Attawandaron, or Neutral Nation, lived in the Grand River valley area before the 17th century; their main village and seat of the chief, Kandoucho, was identified by 19th-century historians as having been located on the Grand River where Brantford lies today. This town, like the rest of their settlements, was destroyed when the Iroquois declared war in 1650 and exterminated the Neutral nation. [2]

In 1784, Captain Joseph Brant and the Six Nations Indians left New York for Canada. As a reward for their loyalty to the British Crown, they were given a large land grant, referred to as the Haldimand Tract, on the Grand River. The original Mohawk settlement was on the south edge of the present-day city at a location favourable for landing canoes. Brant's crossing of the river gave the original name to the area: Brant's ford. By 1847, European settlers began to settle further up the river at a ford in the Grand River and named the village Brantford. The Mohawk Chapel, part of the original Mohawk settlement, is Ontario's oldest Protestant church. Brantford was incorporated as a city in 1877.

The history of the Brantford region from 1793 to 1920 is described at length in the book At The Forks of The Grand.

Climate

Climate data for Brantford
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(60)
16.5
(62)
25.5
(78)
30.5
(87)
33
(91)
35.5
(96)
38.5
(101)
36.5
(98)
34.4
(94)
30
(86)
25
(77)
20.5
(69)
38.5
(101)
Average high °C (°F) -1.8
(29)
-0.6
(31)
4.8
(41)
11.9
(53)
19.4
(67)
24.4
(76)
27
(81)
25.6
(78)
21.3
(70)
14.4
(58)
7.5
(46)
1
(34)
12.9
(55)
Average low °C (°F) -10
(14)
-9.1
(16)
-4
(25)
1.6
(35)
7.8
(46)
12.7
(55)
15.4
(60)
14.6
(58)
10.3
(51)
4.3
(40)
-0.2
(32)
-6.3
(21)
3.1
(38)
Record low °C (°F) -30
(-22)
-30.5
(-23)
-22
(-8)
-12.8
(9)
-2.8
(27)
1.1
(34)
5.6
(42)
1.1
(34)
-4.5
(24)
-7
(19)
-16
(3)
-27
(-17)
-30.5
(-23)
Precipitation mm (inches) 60.4
(2.38)
51.9
(2.04)
71.5
(2.81)
71.5
(2.81)
77.6
(3.06)
82
(3.23)
85.4
(3.36)
80.8
(3.18)
86.5
(3.41)
70
(2.76)
79.5
(3.13)
75.1
(2.96)
892.3
(35.13)
Source: Environment Canada[3] 2009-29-10

Demographics

Brantford had a population of 90,192 people in 2006, which was an increase of 4.4% from the 2001 census count. The median household income in 2005 for Brantford was $52,330, which is below the Ontario provincial average of $60,455. Based on the 2006 census, Brantford had an average property value of $200,319, which is lower than the Ontario provincial average of $297,479. The median mortgage payment was $933, while the median for Ontario was $1,046. The median rent for Brantford in 2006 was $700, while the median for Ontario was $801.[4]

Economy

Colborne Street

Brantford was an important Canadian industrial centre for the first half of the 20th Century, and was once the number three city in Canada in terms of cash-value of manufactured goods exported. The city is at the deepest navigable point of the Grand River, and was once a railroad hub of Southern Ontario. The combination of water and rails helped Brantford develop from a farming community into a blue collar industrial city based on the agriculture implement industry centred around companies such as Massey-Harris, Verity Plow and the Cockshutt Plow Company. This industry, more than any other, provided the well-paying and steady employment that allowed Brantford to sustain economic growth through most of the 20th century.

By the 1980s and 1990s, the economy of Brantford was in steady decline as a result of the bankruptcies of White Farm Equipment, Massey-Ferguson (and its successor, Massey Combines Corporation), Koering-Waterous, Harding Carpets, and other manufacturers. The bankruptcies and closures of the businesses left thousands of people unemployed and created one of the most economically depressed areas in the country. The unemployment rate, however, has steadily decreased in more recent years, from almost 14% in 1993 down to 6.3% in 2006. This improved employment picture led to the rate of personal bankruptcy in Brantford falling by 6.2% in 2006.

The completion of the Brantford to Ancaster section of Highway 403 in 1997, was intended to provide an increased incentive for business to locate in Brantford because of easy access to Hamilton and Toronto, as well as being along the quickest route through southern Ontario between Detroit and Buffalo. In 2004 Procter & Gamble and Ferrero SpA chose to locate in the city. Though Wescast Industries, Inc. recently closed their local foundry, their corporate headquarters will remain in Brantford.

On February 16, 2005, Brant, including Brantford, was added to the Greater Golden Horseshoe along with Haldimand and Northumberland counties.

Education

Statistics from the 2001 Census indicate that 40% of Brantford residents had not earned a high-school diploma, compared to the provincial average of 33%.

The average annual income is 9% less than the national average.

The W. Ross Macdonald School for blind and deafblind students is located in Brantford.

Universities and colleges

  • Mohawk College, has a satellite campus in Brantford, and offers programs such as Police Foundations and Law & Security
  • Laurier Brantford, a campus of Wilfrid Laurier University, offers undergraduate degrees in their downtown facilities. They include degrees in Contemporary Studies, Criminology, Leadership, Journalism, and a joint program in education offered in partnership with Nipissing University.
  • Nipissing University, joint program with Wilfrid Laurier.

Secondary schools

Politics

The Brantford City Council was elected to a four-year term in November, 2006, and is headed by Mayor Mike Hancock. Two councillors were elected to represent each of five wards. The current councillors are: Jennifer Kinneman and Mark Littell(Ward 1), Vince Bucci and John Sless (Ward 2), Greg Martin and Dan McCreary (Ward 3), Richard Carpenter and James Calnan (Ward 4), and John Bradford and Marguerite Ceschi-Smith (Ward 5).

At the federal and provincial levels of government, Brantford is part of the Brant riding.

Media

Print

The Brant News is a weekly paper (delivered Thursday) that also carries breaking news online. [6]

The Brantford Expositor, which started printing in 1852, is printed six times a week (everyday excluding Sunday), is owned by Osprey Media.

Radio

Television

Brantford's only local television service comes from Rogers TV (cable 20), a local community channel on Rogers Cable. Otherwise, Brantford is served by stations from Toronto, Hamilton and Kitchener.

Film

Several movies have had scenes shot in Brantford, including Welcome to Mooseport and Where the Truth Lies, which were filmed at the Brantford Airport. An episode of Due South, "Dr. Long Ball", was filmed at Arnold Anderson Stadium in Cockshutt Park. A more recent filming was Weirdsville, which was filmed downtown in 2006. "Silent Hill" was filmed in the downtown in 2005. Many Brantfordians observed in jest that very little work needed to be done to make Downtown look decayed and haunted. Brantford's Sanderson Centre for the Performing Arts was used as "The New Burbage" mainstage theatre in the series Slings & Arrows.

Transportation

Air

Brantford Municipal Airport is located west of the city. It hosts an annual air show, featuring the Snowbirds. The John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport in Hamilton is located about 35 km east of Brantford. Toronto Pearson International Airport is located in Mississauga, about 100 km northeast of Brantford.

Rail

The train station is located just north of downtown Brantford. VIA Rail has daily passenger trains on the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. Trains travel between Windsor and Union Station in Toronto.

Bus

Brantford Transit services the city with nine regular routes operating on a half-hour schedule from the downtown Transit Terminal on Darling Street, with additional school service.

Greyhound Canada has intercity service to Toronto, Hamilton, London, Windsor, etc.

All Around Transportation operates a Paris/Brantford shuttle bus.

Provincial Highways

Entertainment and attractions

Brantford is home to the Brantford OLG Casino.

The Sanderson Centre offers nightly performances of musicals, operas, concerts, and other performing arts. The Kinsmen Club of Brantford offer many entertaining throughout the year, including a weekly game which runs every Thursday evening.

The Ford Plant is an independent, not-for-profit music venue that has hosted concerts by many musical artists, including Arcade Fire, Wintersleep, Blue Rodeo, and more. The week-long Murdered City Music Festival is held here to showcase independent Canadian music.

Brantford's Canada Day Festival

Brantford hosts the region’s largest Canada Day Festival each July 1. A grassroots, not-for-profit, organization was formed in the fall of 2004 after a call from the Mayor to re-establish the event when nobody was able to organize one in 2004. Since then Brantford’s Canada Day Festival[5] has presented family events and Canadian Juno Award winning entertainment. A 2006 and 2009 Shining Stars Tourism Awards[6] winner and with a budget of nearly $250,000.00, this one day festival draws an estimated crowd of 35,000 or more people.

Past main stage headliners have included:

2005 – Jeff Healy
2005 – Lighthouse
2007 – The Trews
2008 – Theory of a Deadman
2009 - Theory of a Deadman

Sports teams and tournaments

Local rep teams

  • Brantford Red Sox
  • Brantford Jr. Braves
  • Brantford Posse (minor lacrosse teams)
  • Brantford Intercity Soccer (Bics)
  • Brantford Saints (hockey team)
  • Brantford 99er's (hockey teams)
  • Brantford Ice Cats (girls hockey team)
  • Brantford Bisons (football team)
  • Brantford Red Sox (baseball team)
  • Brantford City Soccer Club
  • Brantford Briers (basketball team)
  • Brantford CYO (basketball team)
  • Brantford Aquatic Club

Current intercounty or major teams

Defunct teams

Tournaments

  • The Wayne Gretzky International Hockey Tournament[7] is held in Brantford annually
  • The Walter Gretzky House League Tournament is a tournament that is held yearly
  • Swim International is held annually in November

Other

  • Brantford hosted and won the 2008 Allan Cup, which celebrated the 100th anniversary of the event.[8]
  • The Brantford Golf & Country Club was founded in 1879. It is the fourth oldest golf club in North America. It is ranked 29th on Score Golf's "Top 100 Golf Courses in Canada" 2006 list.

People

Service clubs

Religion

Brantford is home to many churches and religious temples. It is estimated there are over 35 churches in Brantford, including Anglican, Baptist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Salvation Army, Presbyterian, United, Christadelphian, and Mormon. There are two mosques - a Sunni mosque and a Sufi mosque.[citation needed] There is also one Sikh temple.

Twin city

Brantford is twinned with:

See also

References

External links


Simple English

City of Brantford
File:Brantford city 2000
Logo
Nickname(s): The Telephone City
Coordinates: 43°10′N 80°15′W / 43.167°N 80.25°W / 43.167; -80.25
Country
Province Ontario File:Flag of
Government
 - Mayor Mike Hancock
Website http://www.brantford.ca

Brantford is a city in Ontario, Canada. There are 90,192 people in Brantford[1].

Brantford is near Hamilton.

Brantford is sometimes called The Telephone City, because the inventor of the telephone lived in Brantford. Hockey player Wayne Gretzky was born in Brantford.

Contents

History

Brantford became a city in 1877.

Business

Brantford was an big Canadian city for making goods from 1900 to 1950, exporting many goods. The city is on a river, theGrand River, and had a railroad. Having both water and rails helped Brantford go from a farming town to an industrial city.

By the 1980s and 1990s, business in Brantford was dropping and some companies like White Farm Equipment, Massey-Ferguson, Koering-Waterous, Harding Carpets, and others stopped making products. Many people lost their jobs. Since then, some jobs have come back.

A new piece of highway (Highway 403) was built in 1997, for easy driving to Hamilton and Toronto, and also to Detroit and Buffalo. So, in 2004, Procter & Gamble and Ferrero SpA moved to Brantford.

Education

40% of people in Brantford did not finish high-school. In the rest of the province of Ontario, this number is 33%.

People in Brantford earn 9% less than people in the rest of Canada.

Universities and colleges

  • Mohawk College, has a small school in Brantford.
  • Laurier Brantford is part of Wilfrid Laurier University and has classes in Brantford
  • Nipissing University has a program with Wilfrid Laurier University in Brantford

Politics

File:Brantford city
Brantford City Hall

The city council was elected in November, 2006, and is led by Mayor Mike Hancock. Two people were elected to represent each of five areas in Brantford. They are: Jennifer Kinneman and Mark Littell(Area 1), Vince Bucci and John Sless (Area 2), Greg Martin and Dan McCreary (Area 3), Richard Carpenter and James Calnan (Area 4), and John Bradford and Marguerite Ceschi-Smith (Area 5).

NewsPapers, Radio and Television (TV)

The Brantford Expositor, which began in 1852, is printed six times a week (everyday except Sunday).

  • AM 1380 - CKPC (AM), oldies
  • FM 92.1 - CKPC-FM, adult contemporary
  • FM 93.9 - CFWC-FM, religious

Television

Brantford's has its own television service: Rogers TV (cable 20), a local community channel on Rogers Cable. Other television stations come fromToronto, Hamilton and Kitchener.

Movies

Movies like Welcome to Mooseport and Where the Truth Lies were partly made in Brantford. Part of Due South, "Dr. Long Ball", was made at Arnold Anderson Stadium in a park in Brantford. Also, Weirdsville, was made in Brantford in 2006. "Silent Hill" was made in the downtown in 2005.

Airports, trains, buses and roads

Airports

Brantford Municipal Airport is in the west end of the city. It has a yearlyair show, with the Snowbirds. The John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport in Hamilton is about 35 km east of Brantford. Toronto Pearson International Airport is in Mississauga, about 100 km north and east of Brantford.

Trains

The train station is located just north of downtown Brantford. VIA Rail has trains for people every day. Trains travel between Windsor, Ontario and Union Station in Toronto, Ontario.

Buses

Brantford Transit has nine bus routes that go every half-hour from the middle of the city on Darling Street. There are other buses for school times.

Greyhound Canada has buses that go to Toronto, Hamilton, London, Windsor, and other cities.

All Around Transportation drives a bus between Brantford and Paris, Ontario.

Main Roads

  • Highway 403, East Hamilton, West Woodstock.
  • Highway 24, North Cambridge, South Simcoe.

Things to See and Do

Brantford has a Casino Brantford OLG Casino.

There are live shows at The Sanderson Centre. There is Bingo on Thursday evenings.

The Ford Plant has music concerts.

Brantford's Canada Day Festival

Brantford has a big Canada Day Festival on July 1. It has family events and Canadian music. More than 35,000 people come to the Festival.

In the past, these people have sung:

2005 – Jeff Healy
2005 – Lighthouse
2007 – The Trews
2008 – Theory of a Deadman

Sports teams

Local teams

  • Brantford Red Sox
  • Brantford Jr. Braves
  • Brantford Posse (minor lacrosse teams)
  • Brantford Intercity Soccer (Bics)
  • Brantford Saints (hockey team)
  • Brantford 99er's (hockey teams)
  • Brantford Ice Cats (girls hockey team)
  • Brantford Bisons (football team)
  • Brantford Red Sox (baseball team)
  • Brantford City Soccer Club
  • Brantford Briers (basketball team)
  • Brantford CYO (basketball team)
  • Brantford Aquatic Club

Bigger teams

  • Brantford Red Sox of the Intercounty Baseball League who play at Arnold Anderson Stadium
  • Brantford Braves of the Junior Intercounty Baseball League who also play at Arnold Anderson Stadium
  • Brantford Blast of the Major League Hockey who play at the Brantford Civic Centre
  • Brantford Golden Eagles of the Ontario Hockey Association who play at the Brantford Civic Centre
  • Brantford Harlequins of the Ontario Rugby Union

Teams that don't play anymore

  • Brantford Alexanders (1978 to 1984), used to play in the Ontario Hockey League who at the Brantford Civic Centre. They moved and became the Erie Otters.
  • Brantford Smoke (1991-1998) of the CoHL, Colonial Hockey League who played at the Brantford Civic Centre. The team moved to Asheville until 2002.
  • Brantford Blaze of the Canadian National Basketball League.

Tournaments

Other

  • Brantford won the 2008 Allan Cup. [1]
  • The Brantford Golf & Country Club was started in 1879. It is the fourth oldest golf club in North America. It is 29th on Score Golf's "Top 100 Golf Courses in Canada" 2006 list.

People

Service clubs

  • Kinsmen Club of Brantford
  • Kiwanis Club of Brantford
  • Kiwanis Club of Grand River
  • Rotary Club of Brantford
  • Rotary Club of Brantford Sunrise
  • Brantford Lions Club
  • North Brantford Lions Club

Religion

Brantford has many churches and religious temples. It is thought that there are over 35 churches in Brantford, including Anglican, Baptist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Salvation Army, Presbyterian, United, Christadelphian, and Mormon. There are two mosques - a Sunni mosque and a Sufi[needs proof] mosque. There is also one Sikh temple.

Twin city

Brantford is twinned with:

Other pages

  • Brant (electoral district)
  • Brantford City Council
  • List of mayors of Brantford, Ontario
  • Service Clubs

References

Other websites

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