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Brassica
Brassica rapa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species

See text.

Brassica (pronounced /ˈbræsɨkə/ brás-si-ca) is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). The members of the genus may be collectively known either as cabbages, or as mustards. Crops from this genus are sometimes called cole crops, which is derived from the Latin caulis, meaning stem or cabbage.

This genus is remarkable for containing more important agricultural and horticultural crops than any other genus. It also includes a number of weeds, both wild taxa and escapees from cultivation. It includes over 30 wild species and hybrids, and numerous additional cultivars and hybrids of cultivated origin. Most are annuals or biennials, but some are small shrubs.

The genus is native in the wild in western Europe, the Mediterranean and temperate regions of Asia. In addition to the cultivated species, which are grown worldwide, many of the wild species grow as weeds, especially in North America, South America, and Australia.

Contents

Uses

Food

Almost all parts of some species or other have been developed for food, including the root (swedes, turnips), stems (kohlrabi), leaves (cabbage, brussels sprouts), flowers (cauliflower, broccoli), and seeds (many, including mustard seed, oilseed rape). Some forms with white or purple foliage or flowerheads, are also sometimes grown for ornament.

Brassica species are sometimes used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species—see List of Lepidoptera that feed on Brassica.

Due to their agricultural importance, Brassica plants have been the subject of much scientific interest. The close relationship between six particularly important species (Brassica carinata, B. juncea, B. oleracea, B. napus, B. nigra and B. rapa) is described by the Triangle of U theory.

Medicine

Brassica vegetables are highly regarded for their nutritional value. They provide high amounts of vitamin C and soluble fiber and contain multiple nutrients with potent anti-cancer properties: 3,3'-Diindolylmethane, sulforaphane and selenium.

Researchers at the University of California at Berkeley have recently discovered that 3,3'-Diindolylmethane in Brassica vegetables is a potent modulator of the innate immune response system with potent anti-viral, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer activity.[1]

Species

There is some disagreement among botanists on the classification and status of Brassica species and subspecies. The following is an abbreviated list, with an emphasis on economically important species.

Deprecated species names

Genome sequencing and genetics

The B. rapa genome is currently being sequenced by an international consortium. This also represents the A genome component of the amphidiploid crop species B. napus and B. juncea .[2]

See also

References


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also brassica

Contents

Translingual

Romanesco
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Etymology

From Latin brassica, cabbage

Proper noun

Brassica

  1. (botany) A taxonomic genus, within family Brassicaceae — the cabbages and related plants.

Translations

See also

  • See Wikipsecies for the many species.

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Brassicales
Familia: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species: B. assyriaca - B. aucheri - B. balearica - B. barrelieri - B. bourgeaui - B. cadmea - B. carinata - B. cretica - B. deflexa - B. deserti - B. desnottesii - B. dimorpha - B. drepanensis - B. elongata - B. fruticulosa - B. glabrescens - B. gravinae - B. hilarionis - B. incana - B. insularis - B. jordanoffii - B. juncea - B. macrocarpa - B. maurorum - B. montana - B. napus - B. narinosa - B. nigra - B. oleracea - B. oxyrrhina - B. perviridis - B. procumbens - B. rapa - B. repanda - B. rupestris - B. ruvo - B. septiceps - B. souliei - B. spinescens - B. tournefortii - B. villosa

Vernacular names

Česky: Brukev
Deutsch: Kohl
Nederlands: Kool
日本語: アブラナ属
‪Norsk (nynorsk)‬: Kål
Polski: Kapusta
Русский: Капуста
Svenska: Kålsläktet
Українська: Капуста

Simple English

Brassica
File:Brassica rapa
Brassica rapa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species

See text.

Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). The members of the genus may be collectively known either as cabbages, or as mustards.

Species

  • B. carinata - Abyssinian Mustard or Abyssinian Cabbage, used to produce biodiesel.
  • B. elongata - Elongated Mustard
  • B. fruticulosa - Mediterranean Cabbage
  • B. juncea - Indian Mustard, Brown and leaf mustards, Sarepta Mustard.
  • B. napus - Rapeseed, Canola, Rutabaga (Swede Turnip), Nabicol
  • B. narinosa - Broadbeaked Mustard
  • B. nigra - Black Mustard
  • B. oleracea - Kale, Cabbage, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kai-lan, Brussels sprouts
  • B. perviridis - Tender Green, Mustard Spinach
  • B. rapa (syn B. campestris) - Chinese cabbage, Turnip, Rapini, Komatsuna
  • B. rupestris - Brown Mustard
  • B. septiceps - Seventop Turnip
  • B. tournefortii - Asian Mustard








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