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Brazilian Antarctica
Antártica Brasileira
The Brazilian
Zone of Interest

Flag

Coordinates: 28°W 53°W
Claim  Brazil
- Antarctic Treaty
- Designated 1986
Population
 - Summer 100
 - Winter 48
Area
- Summer
- Winter


Website ProAntar

Brazilian Antarctica (Portuguese: Antártida Brasileira or Antártica Brasileira) is the name of the Antarctic territory south of 60°S, and from 28°W to 53°W,[1] proposed as 'Zone of Interest' by Brazilian geopolitical scholar Therezinha de Castro and published in her book Antártica: Teoria da Defrontação (Antarctica: Frontage Theory). While the substance of that designation has never been precisely defined, it does not formally contradict the Argentine and British claims geographically overlapping with that zone.

Outside the zone of interest, Brazil maintains a permanent staffed research facility, the Comandante Ferraz Brazilian Antarctic Base (UN/LOCODE: AQ-CFZ), located in Admiralty Bay, King George Island, near the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, at 62°08′S 58°40′W / 62.133°S 58.667°W / -62.133; -58.667.

Contents

History

President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva during a visit to the territory.

In 1982 the Brazilian government launched their first Antarctic expedition, and a year later built their first base (named Comandante Ferraz, for a deceased naval officer active in Antarctica), which has been active year-round since then. Despite their status as newcomers, Brazilian geopolitical writers have had considerable influence on the nation’s Antarctic policies (especially during the period of military dictatorship under a series of unelected general/presidents from 1964 to 1985), although there is not a national Brazilian Antarctic consciousness similar to that of Argentina or Chile.

In February 1991, President Fernando Collor de Mello reaffirmed Brazil's interest in the region by visiting the Brazilian Antarctic base, where he spent three days. He was the first Brazilian president to set foot in the Antarctic.[2]

In January 2008, 13 congressmen members of the Brazilian Antarctica Parliamentary Committee visited the Brazilian Antarctic base.[3] Another visit by the members of Congress took place in January 2009.[4]

On February 16, 2008, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and a delegation of twenty-three people, including the First Lady Marisa Letícia, visited country's base in Antarctica. The Brazilian Government defined the presidential trip as a "political gesture" in support of the work displayed by Brazilian scientists and military personnel.[5][6]

Administration

Map showing the location of Brazilian Antarctica.

The administration of Brazil's Antarctic policy and interests are shared by various government organizations. Several Federal universities and institutes also participate in the Antarctic research program. As is the case with Argentina and Chile, the military (especially the Air Force and the Navy) play a major role in Brazil's Antarctic program.

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Inter-Ministry Commission for Sea Resources (CIRM)

(Portuguese: Comissão Interministerial para os Recursos do Mar) National agency responsible for the elaboration and implementation of the Brazilian Antarctic Programme, Programa Antártico Brasileiro (PROANTAR), and for maintaining the all-year station Comandante Ferraz. The commission is under the direct command of the Brazilian Navy.[7]

Brazilian National Committee on Antarctic Research (CONAPA)

(Portuguese: Comitê Nacional de Pesquisas Antárticas) National Member of SCAR. This committee is responsible for promoting the liaison between the Brazilian Antarctic Programme and international Antarctic research, co-ordinated by SCAR, and of following the activities and achievements of the research undertaken by other national Antarctic programmes. CONAPA is also an advisory body to other Brazilian organisms of the Brazilian Antarctic System, concerning scientific Antarctic politics. The committee is under the administration of the Ministry of Science and Technology of Brazil.[8]

National Commission on Antarctic Matters (CONANTAR)

(Portuguese: Comissão Nacional para Assuntos Antárticos) National advisory board to the President of Brazil in charge of the formulation and implementation of the National Policy for Antarctic Affairs (Política Nacional para Assuntos Antárticos - POLANTAR). The commission is directly linked to the Ministry of External Relations and the Presidency.[9]

Parliamentary Front in Support of the Brazilian Antarctic Programme

(Portuguese: Frente Parlamentar de Apoio ao Programa Antártico Brasileiro) Permanent joint congressional committee responsible for overseeing Brazil's Antarctic Programme and interests, including funding, and on-going operations. The committee has 175 members (54 Senators and 121 Deputies) and is chaired by a President.[10]

References

Notes

Bibliography

  • Castro, Therezinha. "Antárctica: Assunto do Momento". Revista de Clube Militar (Brazil), 1958.
  • Castro, Therezinha. Atlas-Texto de Geopolítica do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Capemi Editora, 1982.
  • Child, Jack. Antarctica and South American Geopolitics: Frozen Lebensraum. New York: Praeger, 1988, Chaper 6.
  • Coelho, Aristides Pinto. "Novas tendências". Boletim Antártico, no. 4, Jan 1985.
  • Dodds, Klaus. Geopolitics in Antarctica : views from the Southern Oceanic Rim. Chichester ; New York : Published in association with Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge by J. Wiley, 1997.
  • Moneta, Carlos J., ed. La Antártida en el Sistema Internacional del Futuro. Buenos Aires: Grupo Editor Lationoamericano, 1988.
  • Schmied, Julie. La Política Antárctica de los Países Latinoamericanos. Madrid: Instituto de Cuestiones Internacionales, 1988.
  • WorldStatesmen - Antarctica
  • Flags of the World - Antarctica
  • Map showing Brazilian Antarctica

See also



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