Brazilian Navy: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brazilian Navy
Marinha do Brasil
COA Brazilian Navy.svg

Brazilian Navy Seal
Active 1822 - today
Country  Brazil
Branch Navy
Type Navy
Size 60,000 active personnel[1]
99 ships, 89 aircraft
Part of Ministry of Defence
Navy Command
Headquarters Brasília/DF
Patron Marquis of Tamandaré
Colors Blue & White          
March Cisne Branco
Engagements
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Navy Commander Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto
Insignia
Naval Ensign[2] Naval Ensign of Brazil
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Brazil
Aircraft flown
Attack A-4 Skyhawk
Helicopter SH-3 Sea King, AS-332 Super Puma, Super Lynx, Esquilo, Bell Jet Ranger, SH-60 Seahawk

The Brazilian Navy (Portuguese: Marinha do Brasil) is a branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces responsible for conducting naval operations. It is the largest navy in Latin America[3] It is equipped with a 32,800-ton aircraft carrier, the NAe São Paulo (formerly Foch of the French Navy), British-built frigates, locally-built corvettes, coastal diesel-electric submarines and many other river and coastal patrol craft, among other vehicles.

Contents

The Brazilian Navy today

As of 2009, the Brazilian Navy consists of 60,000 active personnel[4], 99 ships in commission[5] and 89 aircraft[6]. The current Navy Commander is Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto[7].

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Hierarchy

The main branches of the Brazilian Navy are:[8]

  • The "Comando de Operações Navais" (Naval Operations Command)
  • The "Comando da Força de Superfície" (Surface Fleet Command)
  • The "Comando da Força de Submarinos" (Submarine Fleet Command)
  • The "Comando da Força Aeronaval" (Naval Aviation Command)
  • The "Comando da 1ª Divisão da Esquadra" (1st Fleet Division Command)
  • The "Comando da 2ª Divisão da Esquadra" (2nd Fleet Division Command)

Naval fleet

The aircraft carrier São Paulo (A12).

The Brazilian Navy has 98 ships in commission[9], and others in construction, process of acquisition, and modernization. Between 1996 and 2005 the Navy retired 21 ships.[10]

The Brazilian Navy operates one Clemenceau class aircraft carrier, the São Paulo, former French Navy Foch.

The Brazilian Navy operates four Tupi class and one Tikuna class Type 209 submarine. The Tupi class submarines will be upgraded by Lockheed Martin at a cost of $35 million.[11] The modernization includes the replacement of existing torpedoes with new MK 48 torpedoes.[12] On March 14, 2008, the Brazilian Navy purchased four Scorpène class submarines from France.[13] The Brazilian Navy is currently developing its first nuclear submarine.[14]

On August 2008 the Navy incorporated the corvette Barroso; it was designed and built in Brazil[15] at a cost of $263 million.[16]

Current major ships in commission[9]:

Aircraft inventory

A AF-1 Skyhawk of the Brazilian Navy.

As of 2009, the Naval Aviation arm of the Navy operates 89 aircraft, with all but the A-4 Skyhawks being helicopters.

Current aircraft in service:

Naval bases

A GRUMEC visit, board, search, and seizure (VBSS) team attached to the frigate Independência conducts a simulated boarding operation.

As of 2009, the main naval bases in use are[17]:

  • "Base Naval Almirante Castro e Silva", submarine base
  • "Base Naval do Rio de Janeiro", main naval base
  • "Arsenal da Marinha do Rio de Janeiro", naval shipyard
  • "Base Aérea Naval de São Pedro da Aldeia", naval aviation base
  • "Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha do Governador", marine corps base
  • "Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha das Flores", marine corps base
  • "Base de Fuzileiros Navais do Rio Meriti", marine corps base
  • "Base Naval de Aratu", naval base and repair facility
  • "Base Naval de Natal", naval base
  • "Base Naval Almirante Ary Parreiras", naval base and repair facility
  • "Base Naval de Val-de-Cães", naval base and repair facility
  • "Base Fluvial de Ladário", naval aviation base, naval base and repair facility
  • "Estação Naval do Rio Negro", riverine naval base and repair facility
  • "Estação Naval do Rio Grande", naval base

Mission

In addition to the roles of a traditional navy, the Brazilian Navy also carries out the role of organizing the merchant navy and other operational safety missions traditionally conducted by a coast guard. Other roles include:

  • conduct of national policies vis-à-vis the sea;
  • Implementing and enforcing laws and regulations with respect to the sea and inland waters.

History

The Naval Battle of Riachuelo was a key victory during the War of the Triple Alliance.

When Pedro I of Brazil declared independence from Portugal in September 1822, he immediately assembled a navy that then participated in the Brazilian Declaration of Independence, which had begun a year earlier. The navy would later fight in the Cisplatine War, the River Plate conflicts, the Paraguayan War, both World War I and World War II, as well as in the sporadic rebellions that would mark Brazil's history.

In the initial decades following independence, the country had maintained a good naval establishment. Most of the Portuguese Empire's naval forces reverted overnight to the newly-independent country. In 1860 the fleet consisted of eight paddle steamers, seven screw sloops, six frigates and corvettes, and 14 smaller vessels. During the Paraguayan War, Brazil purchased several ironclads from the United Kingdom, France and from the Navy's Imperial Arsenal in Rio de Janeiro.

After the losses of the 1893 naval rebellion, there was a hiatus in the development of the navy until 1905, when Brazil acquired two of the most powerful and advanced dreadnoughts of the day. These vessels, Minas Geraes and São Paulo, were the last battleships of the Brazilian Navy. Brazil also bought two cruisers in this period, Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul.

The Brazilian Navy served in both World War I and World War II, engaging in anti-submarine warfare on the two Battles of Atlantic.

The Colossus class aircraft carrier Minas Gerais served the Navy until its decommission in 2001.

Gallery

Comparison chart

Brazilian Navy equipment in 2005

See also

References

  1. ^ Comandante da Marinha confirma nova esquadra no Nordeste Marinha do Brasil. Retrieved on 2009-02-01. (Portuguese)
  2. ^ Brazil uses its national flag as an ensign.
  3. ^ Oceanographic and Meteorological Data Buoys Hydro International. Retrieved on 2009-06-10.
  4. ^ Comandante da Marinha confirma nova esquadra no Nordeste Brazilian Navy. Retrieved on 2009-02-01. (Portuguese)
  5. ^ Navios da Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy. Retrieved on 2009-06-10. (Portuguese)
  6. ^ Asas Sobre os Mares Rudnei Cunha. Retrieved on 2009-06-10.
  7. ^ Comandantes da Marinha Brazilian Navy. Retrieved on June 10, 2009. (Portuguese)
  8. ^ Estrutura de Comando Defesa Brasil. Retrieved on 2009-06-10. (Portuguese)
  9. ^ a b Meios Operativos: Navios Brazilian Navy. Retrieved on 2009-06-10. (Portuguese)
  10. ^ Uma nova agenda militar Época. Retrieved on 2008-10-09. (Portuguese)
  11. ^ Brazil seeks to modernize submarine Force Mercopress. Retrieved on 2008-02-05.
  12. ^ Lockheed Martin Awarded $35 Million Contract to Modernize Brazilian Navy Submarine Force CNN.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-05.
  13. ^ Brazil To Start With Scorpene Strategy Page. Retrieved on 2009-06-10.
  14. ^ Brazil to get nuclear sub technology from France CNN. Retrieved on 2009-06-10.
  15. ^ Incorporação da Corveta Barroso Brazilian Navy. Retrieved on 2008-11-25. (Portuguese)
  16. ^ Navio Mais Barato Istoé. Retrieved on 2008-08-14. (Portuguese)
  17. ^ The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World Eric Wertheim. Published by Naval Institute Press, 2007. ISBN 159114955X, ISBN 9781591149552. Retrieved on 2009-10-06.

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