The Full Wiki

Brazzaville: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brazzaville
Brazzaville is located in Republic of the Congo
Brazzaville
Map of the Republic of Congo showing Brazzaville.
Coordinates: 4°16′S 15°17′E / 4.267°S 15.283°E / -4.267; 15.283
Country Republic of the Congo
Capital district Brazzaville
Government
 - Mayor Hugues Ngouélondélé
Area
 - City 100 km2 (38.6 sq mi)
Population (2001)[1][2]
 - City 1,018,541
 Density 10,185.4/km2 (26,380.1/sq mi)
 Urban 1.5 million
 Metro Incl. Kinshasa: 9 million
Brazzaville district

Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River. As of the 2001 census, it has a population of 1,018,541 in the city proper, and about 1.5 million in total when including the suburbs located in the Pool Region.[1] The populous city of Kinshasa (more than 10 million inhabitants in 2009),[2] capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, lies just across the Congo River from Brazzaville. Together with Kinshasa, the combined conurbation of Kinshasa-Brazzaville has thus nearly 12 million inhabitants. Over a third of the population of the Republic of Congo lives in the capital, and it is home to 40% of non-agricultural employment. It is also a financial and administrative capital.

Contents

Geography

Kinshasa seen from Brazzaville. The two capitals are separated by the Congo River.

In order to distinguish between the two African countries with "Congo" in their names, the Republic of the Congo is sometimes called Congo-Brazzaville, as opposed to Congo-Kinshasa (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, known from 1971 to 1997 as Zaire, the capital of which is Kinshasa). Kinshasa lies on the southern bank of the Congo, across from Brazzaville. This is the only place in the world where two national capital cities are situated on opposite banks of a river, within sight of each other.

While Kinshasa lies to the south, Brazzaville lies to the north of the Congo River. The city is 506 km (314 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean and south of the equator. The city is a commune that is separated from the other regions of the republic; it is surrounded by the Pool Region. Around the city is a large savanna. The town is relatively flat, and situated at an altitude of 317 metres (1,040 ft).

History

The city was founded on 10 September 1880 on the site of a Bateke village named Nkuna by a Franco-Italian explorer, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, after whom the city was named. The local leader, Makoko of the Téké signed a treaty of protection with de Brazza which subjugated his lands to the French Empire. The city was built four years later in order to become a competitor with Léopoldville (now Kinshasa) which was built by the Belgians on the other side of the river. The site was occupied from October 1880 until May 1882 by a small squad of troops led by Senegalese Sergeant Malamine Camara, who prevented the land from falling into Belgian hands.

French control over the area was made official by the Berlin Conference of 1884. The city became the capital first of the French Congo, and then of French Equatorial Africa, a federation of states which encompassed Gabon, the Central African Republic and Chad. In 1924, the Congo-Océan railway was brought into service which linked Brazzaville with the port of Pointe-Noire.

As mentioned at the end of the movie Casablanca, in World War II Brazzaville, and by extension French Equatorial Africa, remained beyond the control of Vichy France. In 1944, Brazzaville hosted a meeting of the Free French forces and representatives of France's African colonies. The resulting Brazzaville Declaration was intended to redefine the relationship between France and its African colonies after World War II.

Until the 1960s, the city was divided into European (the center of the city) and African sections (Poto-Poto, Bacongo, and Makélékélé). In 1980 it became a "commune" separated from the Pool Region and divided into seven "arrondissements": Makélékélé (1), Bacongo (2), Poto-Poto (3), Moungali (4), Ouenzé (5), Talangaï (6) and Mfilou (7).

The city has frequently been a staging ground for wars, including conflicts between rebel and government forces and between forces of the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Angola. It was also the scene of bloody civil wars throughout the 1990s which resulted in thousands of civilian deaths and which forced hundreds of thousands of refugees to flee the city.

Industry

Industries present in Brazzaville include: machine shops, textiles, tanning, and manufacturing. As a key port on the Congo River, the city takes deliveries of raw materials, such as: rubber, wood and agricultural products. From here they are generally sent onward to Pointe-Noire for export.

Buildings and institutions

Notable buildings in the city include St Anne's Basilica, built in 1949 by Roger Erell, and known for its green tiled roof; Erell also designed a house in the city for Charles de Gaulle. Other buildings include the Nabemba Tower and the Congressional Palace. Other features include the Marien Ngouabi Mausoleum, Brazzaville Zoo and the Poto-Poto School of Painting.

The World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa is based in Brazzaville on a vast campus at the Cité du Djoué.

Climate

Brazzaville, much like neighboring Kinshasa, features a tropical wet and dry climate. Its wet season, which runs from October-May, is longer than its dry season, which covers the remaining months. Brazzaville’s driest months, July and August, sees on average no significant precipitation. Since Brazzaville is south of the equator, its dry season begins at around its “winter” solstice, which is the month of June. The city sees relatively constant temperatures throughout the course of the year.

Climate data for Brazzaville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
35
(95)
37
(99)
35
(95)
36
(97)
34
(93)
32
(90)
34
(93)
35
(95)
36
(97)
36
(97)
35
(95)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
29
(84)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
21
(70)
18
(64)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
Record low °C (°F) 18
(64)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
17
(63)
13
(55)
12
(54)
13
(55)
16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
18
(64)
12
(54)
Precipitation mm (inches) 160
(6.3)
125
(4.92)
188
(7.4)
178
(7.01)
109
(4.29)
15
(0.59)
0
(0)
0
(0)
56
(2.2)
137
(5.39)
292
(11.5)
213
(8.39)
1,473
(57.99)
Source: BBC Weather [3] 2009-09-08

Transport

Taxis in Brazzaville

The city is home to Maya-Maya Airport and a railway station on the Congo-Ocean Railway. It is also an important river port, with ferries sailing to Kinshasa and to Bangui via Impfondo. The Livingstone Falls lie on the outskirts of the city, where the Djoué River meets the Congo, rendering river transport to the coast impossible, qualifying the railway as a portage railway.

Taxis are available on every street and are easily recognized, being painted with a green body and white top, and the fare for a short trip is CF700. About twenty percent of the vehicles in Brazzaville are taxis. There are also collective taxis that drive certain routes and charge CF150.

Walking is quite safe, even while carrying expensive equipment and money[citation needed], and since Brazzaville is a relatively small "bastion of civilization" it is easy enough to get around on foot.

Rankings

In the Mercer (consulting firm) Quality of Living survey of 215 cities; Brazzaville is ranked 211 in 2009. This is just above Ndjamena in Chad; Bangui in Central African Republic and Baghdad in Iraq. The rank for 2008 was 213 and 214 in 2007.

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ a b (French) Republic of Congo, Centre National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (CNSEE). "Répartition de la population par Départements et Communes en 1984 et projetée de 2000 à 2015". http://www.cnsee.org/Donnees/structurelle/Démographie/RepartPop.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-30. 
  2. ^ a b (French) Website of Unité de Pilotage du Processus d'Elaboration et de mise œuvre de la Stratégie pour la Réduction de la Pauvreté (UPPE-SRP). "Monographie de la Ville de Kinshasa" (SWF). http://www.dsrp-rdc.org/documents/Monographies_Provinciales/Monographie%20de%20la%20Province%20de%20Kinshasa.swf. Retrieved 2007-01-19. 
  3. ^ "Average Conditions Brazzaville, Congo". BBC Weather. http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT000140. Retrieved September 8, 2009. 
  • Chavannes, Charles de. (1929) “Le Sergent Sénégalais Malamine.” Annales de l’Académie des Sciences Coloniales, vol. 3:159-187.
  • Petringa, Maria. (2006) Brazza, A Life for Africa (2006) ISBN 9781-4259-11980
  • Tiepolo, M. (1996) "City Profile: Brazzaville" in Cities v. 13, pp. 117–124
  • Brisset-Guibert, Hervé (2007) Brazzaville petit guide historique, in the site www.presidence.cg ("palais presidentiel")

External links

Advertisements

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Brazzaville is the capital of the Republic of Congo.

Understand

Brazzaville was a relatively well-developed and thriving city before the civil war began in 1997. Although there is still some fighting in the rural areas, it is a safe city to visit, but the infrastructure has been run down. Many new restaurants and hotels are being built--especially by Lebanese immigrants--and it can be a pleasant stopover to Pointe Noire or visits to the Congolese rain forests.

Get in

Brazzaville can be reached from Paris by Air France on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. You can get there from Johannesburg by Interair on Mondays and Thursdays. One may also travel between Brazzaville and Kinshasa by boat, but it is recommended to fly into Brazzaville if your intent is to visit the Republic of Congo.

Brazzaville can also be reached through Ethiopian Airline from Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) four times a week. For further information please visit www.ethiopianairlines.com. For people especially coming from Pakistan can take a flight to Dubai (Emirates, PIA, etc.) from Karachi, Lahore or Islamabad and then from Dubai to Brazzaville via Addis Ababa on Ethiopian Airline.

Royal Air Maroc operates three direct flights a week to and from Brazzaville to Casablanca. You may want to check www.royalairmaroc.com

Get around

You may use local taxis, even if they are in a poor technical condition. Much as you would anywhere, take a security-first approach to taxis - Refuse to hop into any car that has two or more people in it already. One trip anywhere in town is XAF 1,000 (USD 2).

See

Basilique Sainte-Anne of the Congo, built by Roger Erell, 1949, one of the most beautiful modern churches in the world. Palais du Peuple, nice colonial palace built in 1901, today presidential palace. Markets of Moungali, Poto-Poto, Bacongo. Cathedral Sacre-Coeur. This Catholic church was constructed by Mr. Augouard and offers views of downtown areas such as Poto Poto and Centreville, and Kinshasa, the capital of DRC across the river. Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza Memorial. Brand new marble construction in memory of Pierre Savorgnan and his family. Located next to the former U.S. Embassy. Le Palais des Congres – The Palace of the Congresses (across from the new Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Avenue Des Armees) Le Palais du Peuple – The Palace of the People (residence of the governor generals of the ex-AEF) (Across from BDEAC) L’Ecole de Peinture de Poto Poto – Poto Poto Painting School Les Rapides in Djoue

Do

Night Clubs/Bars

o Ram Dam This nightclub is located at Laico Maya-Maya Brazzaville Hotel. Cover charge is 5,000 CFA per person and includes one drink. All drinks, including water, are extremely expensive. Local, French and English music. Opens late. o Boom Boom Afrique This lounge is located on the road that goes to the Beach and the road where Score Supermarket is situated. Plays a good mix of French, American and African music. This is a lounge, not a dance club. No cover charge. o Diplomat Local hotspot where you can listen to local bands, see local dancers and enjoy local karaoke. There is a disco and dance floor located in the back via a separate entrance. Cover charge. o 3 D Bar Located close to Exotic Palace restaurant, across from the roundabout close to Pharmacie Mavre. This bar/lounge is a favorite among the young and hip crowd in Brazzaville. This is a lounge-type bar with seating at the bar, outside on the patio-area or upstairs in the lounge area. No cover charge. o Chateau Rouge New nightclub located above the Chinese restaurant called Restaur Ant De Ta Paix in the Hotel de Ville area (located on the same street as La Mandarine and Noura restaurants). Cover charge is 5,000 CFA per person and includes one drink. o Les Rapides is a bar that any taxi driver would know. It provides a great view of the river, and you can run around in the river if you want. o La Maison Blanche (Plateaux) is a local club with three levels, great street meat, and local music.

Zoo (no animals since the war)

Recreational Activities

If you enjoy outdoor sports, bring equipment that you may need, such as picnic supplies, golf equipment, and sports attire. All equipment available locally is expensive. Photographic equipment and facilities are also available at double U.S. prices. The following clubs/hotels are open to paying memberships: o Tennis Club. Facilities include 10 clay courts with lights, a squash court, a swimming pool, and a large bar. Balls are supplied free. This club is located on the dirt road that is adjacent to the road leading to the National Stadium (close to roundabout going to Maya Maya Airport). o Brazzaville Golf Club. The club has a well-kept, nine-hole course (which by clever use of tees converts into an 18-hole course) with sand greens. It is on the grounds of the regional headquarters of the WHO, 20 minutes South from Brazzaville, and has a spectacular view of the Congo River and the rapids. tel: 528 3643 OR 663 7127. o Laico Maya-Maya Brazzaville Hotel. Offers monthly subscriptions for use of its tennis courts and pool. o Olympic Palace Hotel. Offers monthly subscriptions for use of its tennis court and pool. Monthly rates at Olympic are significantly higher than Laico Maya-Maya Brazzaville Hotel. Art is well developped with Bag made with African materials. For more infos pls contact "Promo Art", your only reference. A job well done.

The market of Poto Poto is fabulous. This is the West African quarter.

The Bakongo neighborhood is great for wandering around; at night there are a plethora of plastic-chaired bars and street food to choose from.

Eat

Eat at Mami Wata (great pizzas in the afternoon, enjoy the Kinshasa view over the Congo river) or Nenuphar (great steaks). For Muslims there are very few places to go out for eating like La Mandarine, one of the Lebanese Restaurants in the city. On the Avenue Foch are few restaurants and cafes where you can get dinner, snack, caffe. But at all the Lebanese restaurants one can find Halal food.

There are several great restaurants in Brazzaville. Any taxi driver can take you to one of these nicer places (5000 - 15000 CFA). Most places are closed on Sundays. Expect beers to be overpriced here (1000 to 2000 CFA).

Le Jardin (French) soft bread, lovely t-bone, great outdoor ambiance, sometimes live music first class place Etoiles de Jade (Moroccan: great tagine, vegetarian dishes, sometimes they don't have everything on the menu) Mami Wata (Continental) right on the Congo River, $30 Sunday night buffet, pizza, seafood, pasta, and salad. Chef David (There are several in town. This is the best pizza in town, and the best one is near City Center.) They also do carry-out. L'orchidee (french) is one block up from the roudabout in front of the Ministry of Finance. Great lobster. La Mandarine (Lebanese: ice cream! the best patisserie in town. also a great brunch place) Noura I and II (Lebanese) Hotel de Ville are. Known for chicken shwarma. Hippocampe (Vietnamese: weekend buffet, fabulous spring rolls, great staff, great seating area, expat hang-out) Hassan Burger (Lebanese) Hotel de Ville Area Between FESPAM headquarters and Belgian Embassy. Phone: 81 2334 or 666 2004. Les Bougainvillers Av. de l'amitie Centre Ville Pizzeria Royale aka River Bar on the corniche next ot the Brazza Mausoleum. Good pizza, cheap drinks, great view of the Congo river. Le Renouveau located at the corner across from the roundabout at Pharmacie Mavre. Serves local, fast food and some grilled dishes. Has a well stocked small bar inside. La Pyramide (Lebanese) located about 6 blocks west of Park N Shop. Wonderful tabouli! Le Bambino (Congolese and French) close to Exotic Palace. Pizzeria Centrale across from Le Renouveau, close to the roudabout at Pharmacie Mavre. Serves grilled dishes as well. Make sure to go a bit late (after 20:00) or be prepared to wait a while for the pizza. L'Sympathique (French) Down the street from Pharmacie Mavre. Good value, lunch and dinner. Le Missala (fine dining) located at the Olympic Palace. Italian cef presents a cotinental menu with flare. Expensive, elaborate, excellent.

Street food is mostly limited to beignets and manioc in centre ville. Egg sandwiches, and avocado and salami sandwiches are found at random. At night there is meat on a stick.

Shopping

Brazzaville is a very very expensive city, as you will find all kinds of things but almost four times the price in Dubai or elsewhere. For example if you are looking to buy a can of Pepsi Cola which is usually 1 UAE Dihram in Dubai and you will get it for XAF 750 (Central African CFA Franc) which is equivalent to 5 UAE dirhams. Same goes for other things. So if you are planning to come here, bring usual day to day usage stuff along with the you.

There is a HUGE market close to the Cathedral where one can buy decent African wear and bright colored materials - an adventure in itself.

Groceries: Currently, there is only one major grocery store in Brazzaville, as well as a few convenience type stores which carry some of the same products. Below is a list of supermarkets and convenience type stores: Casino (used to be Score) is the largest supermarket. Everything is overpriced here, but if you need your frozen pizzas, you need your frozen pizzas. Tel: 81 03 35. Park N Shop (close to the Mpila roundabout and Tower Nambemba). Tel: 548 2936 Ste. Regal (located close to Park N Shop, on the same street as Tower Nambemba). Tel: 527 5260

With enough patience, shoppers can usually find most of what they are looking for, but often not the brands to which they are accustomed.

The one major grocery store and a few other stores have a good selection of imported fruits and vegetables, but prices are a bit expensive. You can get a wide selection of local and fresh fruits from local markets around town. Below is a list of the local markets frequented by Americans and expatriates:

Marche De La Plaine (located around the corner from Casino supermarket). Here you can find a good selection of local fruits and vegetables. Be prepared to bargain for good prices. Marche Du Plateau (located close to BDEAC, across from Nenuphar restaurant). Here you can find some local fruits and vegetables, but you will find a better selection at the Marche de la Plaine. As always, bargaining is a must. Total Market (located in Bacongo). This is a large local market where you can find a good supply of fruits and vegetables, and local food products at low prices. All prices are fixed and displayed on products, so no need for bargaining. Marche de Poto Poto (in Poto Poto). This is the West African part of town.

Butchers and Meat Stores: There are two good butcher stores in town that sell both local and imported meats and seafood. There are also a few stores that sell frozen meat and seafood. See list below: Nénu Viande (located on the same street as Exotic Palace, close to Park N Shop). This store is run by a French butcher. It has a good selection of local and imported meat, but a limited supply of seafood. Check with the butcher to find out when seafood arrives. It also has an excellent selection of sausages. You can call and place an order for pick up later the same day. Tel: 81 4659 (general number). Casino Supermarket (located on the same street as the Brazza mausoleum): The meat section of this grocery store has a good selection of meats and seafood. Guenin or Coup: Located opposite the entrance to the ‘Beach’. Store sells frozen meat, fish, chicken, etc.

Bakeries: Local bread, white and whole wheat, is of good quality. You can buy fresh bread from the following bakeries: La Mie Doree (located close to La Mandarine) La Mandarine (Hotel de Ville area) Casino Bakery (inside the supermarket) Boulangerie de la Plaine Ex Leon (located down the street and around the corner from Score, next to the Marche de la Plaine fruit and vegetable market) Exotic Palace (across from Pharmacie Mavre, close to the roundabout)

Bread is cheap and sells out quickly. The best times to shop are between 9 and 11 a.m. on the weekdays and between 8:30 a.m. and 10 a.m. on the weekends. However, "street bread" can be found throughout the day for 100-150 FCFA. You can also find imported white and whole wheat bread from a few grocery stores, but they are expensive and sell out very quickly.

Small boutiques (mostly run by north Africans) are on every corner. You can find soap, pasta, croissants, basic goods here. They are reasonably priced.

Craft Shops/Souvenirs

Marche du Plateau Craft Market (located across from Nenuphar restaurant, close to BDEAC). Here you find a selection of crafts, mostly from the neighboring area. Bargaining is a must. Tala Na Miso (located on the same road as the Marche du Plateau craft market). This store specializes in wood carvings and some brass work. Shop owner gives a good deal if you are a frequent customer. Poto Poto Painting School (located in the Poto Poto area). Excellent selection of paintings from local artists. School is one of the best places to find local paintings. La Paille et La Poutre (located across from Park N Shop). This store stocks nice crafts, mostly imported from South Africa. Very expensive, but good quality items. Open Air Painting Market (next to the post office). Here you can find paintings by local artists. You can also find copper items and wooden sculptures. Bargaining is a must here. Souvenir D’Afrique (a few shops down from Marche du Plateau, on the same road). Here you can find local souvenirs and trinkets. Olympic Palace Hotel Craft Shop (located at Olympic Palace). Here you can find local crafts, but they are very expensive. You can get better prices at the local craft markets listed above.

Drink

Beer: Primus, N'Gok, Mutzig, Heineken, Guiness, Turbo King. Soda: Coke, Fanta, Tonic, Sprite

  • Laico Hotel Maya Maya (formerly Le Meridian Brazzaville), Boulevard Lyautey, BP 588, +242 81 03 03 / 07 (, fax: (242) 81 5549), [1]. The beds have smushy mattresses, the pillows don't smell too good, but both the hot and cold water work. At the moment the hotel is undergoing refurbishment works which started on 28 February 2009 and will be ongoing during 24 months maximum (information received from the administration of the hotel)  edit
  • Olympic Palace Hotel, +242 81 34 36 (, fax: +242 81 00 30). The new section of the hotel is the only one in Brazza that keeps westerns standards. The whole hotel arguably the best in the town (Air France personnell has moved from Laico to Olympic in last months, so now all the airlines have their air crews there, even the ones landing in Kinshasa, DRDC). The only drawback is the loud music till the morning once a week, when weddings take place, free internet in the Bar for anyone 100.000 for old room, 150.000 for new room, 180.000 for double room.  edit

BOUGAINVILLERS BP 646 Tél. (242) 81 11 56 Fax (242) 81 11 81

HÔTEL SAPHIR BP 1307 Tél. (242) 81 01 25

HÔTEL BIKOUMOU Quartier de l'OCH

HÔTEL MPAMA 141 Av. Loutassi PLATEAUX DES 15 ANS

HOTEL MARINA 85,000 for a room, All rooms are of a good standard, double bed TV, mini bar, all en-suite, internet in your room (2000/hr), doesn't compare to Olympic Palace, but much more central and perfectly comfortable, breakfasts are expensive at 20,000 much rater visit the Manderin near by.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Laico Hotels & Resorts Management Company


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

English

Proper noun

Singular
Brazzaville

Plural
-

Brazzaville

  1. The capital of the Republic of the Congo.

Simple English

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found
Wikimedia Commons has images, video, and/or sound related to:

Brazzaville is the capital city of the Republic of the Congo. One million people live there.

Brazzaville is on one side of the Congo river, with Kinshasa on the other side. Brazzaville and Kinshasa are the nearest country capitals in the World.


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message