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Bremetennacum
Bremetennacum is located in Lancashire
Shown within Lancashire
Building
Architectural style Roman fort
Town Ribchester, Lancashire
Country England
Coordinates 53°48′37″N 2°31′51″W / 53.81035°N 2.530828°W / 53.81035; -2.530828
Construction
Completed 72/3

Bremetennacum (also Bremetonnacum, Bremetenracum or Bresnetenacum Veteranorum) was a Roman fort which is now the village of Ribchester in Lancashire (grid reference SD650350). The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.[1] The first Roman activity on the site was the establishment of a timber fort believed to have been constructed during the campaigns of Petillius Cerialis around AD 72/3. The fort fell into decline until around AD 70 when it was renovated. The renovation consisting of the recutting of ditches and the erection of new buildings. For most of its existence the Fort was garrisoned by Sarmatian cavalry brought to Britain by the Emperor Marcus Aurelius in the year 175. Prior to that it is suggested that the fort was garrisoned by the ala II Asturum but there is some uncertainty about this. Pottery evidence indicates that the fort was occupied for most of the fourth century until the final 'ending' of the Roman period.

References

  • Buxton, K. and Howard-Davis, C. (2000) Bremetenacum: excavations at Roman Ribchester 1980, 1989-1990, Lancaster imprints, no. 9, Lancaster University Archaeological Unit, ISBN 1-86220-083-1
  • Haverfield, F. (1915) Roman Britain in 1914, British Academy supplemental papers III, Oxford University Press, (Online Text,Project Gutenburg)
  • Smith, T. C. and Shortt, J (1890) The history of the parish of Ribchester, in the county of Lancaster, London: Bemrose & sons, 283p
  • Edwards, B.J.N. (2000) The Romans in Ribchester, Discovery and Excavation, Centre for North-West Regional Studies, University of Lancaster, ISBN 1-86220-085-8
  • Shotter, David (1997) "Romans and Britons in North-West England", Centre for North-West Regional Studies, University of Lancaster, ISBN 1-86220-029-7

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