Bridge to Terabithia (2007 film): Wikis

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Bridge to Terabithia

Theatrical poster
Directed by Gábor Csupó
Produced by David Paterson
Lauren Levine
Hal Lieberman
Written by Katherine Paterson (book)
David L. Paterson
Jeff Stockwell
Starring Josh Hutcherson
AnnaSophia Robb
Robert Patrick
Zooey Deschanel
Bailee Madison
Music by Aaron Zigman
Cinematography Michael Chapman
Editing by John Gilbert
Studio Walden Media
Distributed by Walt Disney Pictures (USA)
Summit Entertainment (international sales)
Paramount Pictures (Latin America)
Icon Productions (UK)
Release date(s) February 16, 2007
Running time 96 minutes
Country United States
New Zealand
Language English
Budget $20,000,000
Gross revenue $137,587,063[1]

Bridge to Terabithia is a 2007 fantasy drama film directed by Gábor Csupó and adapted for film by David L. Paterson and Jeff Stockwell. The film is based on the Katherine Paterson novel of the same name, and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures in the US. The film stars Josh Hutcherson, AnnaSophia Robb, Robert Patrick, Bailee Madison and Zooey Deschanel. Bridge to Terabithia tells the story of Jesse Aarons and Leslie Burke, twelve-year-old neighbors who create a fictional world called Terabithia and spend their free time together in an abandoned tree house.

Screenwriter David Paterson is Katherine Paterson's son, and the novel is based on parts of his childhood. When he asked his mother if he could write a screenplay of the novel, she agreed because of his ability as a playwright. Production began in February 2006, and the film was finished by November. Principal photography was shot in Auckland, New Zealand within sixty days. Film editing took ten weeks, while post-production, music mixing, and visual effects took several months.

Bridge to Terabithia was released theatrically in the U.S. and Canada on February 16, 2007. The film was a financial success, and with a budget of around $20 million, it had a worldwide gross of US$137 million. The film received positive reviews; critics called it a faithful adaption of the children's novel, and found dynamic visuals and natural performances further enhanced the imaginative film. Bridge to Terabithia was nominated for seven awards, winning five at the Young Artist Awards.

Contents

Plot

Jesse "Jess" Aarons (Josh Hutcherson) is a fifth grader aspiring artist living with his financially struggling family in Lark Creek. He rides the bus to school with his little sister May Belle (Bailee Madison), where he avoids the school bully Janice Avery (Lauren Clinton). In class, Jess is teased by classmates Scott Hoager (Cameron Wakefield) and Gary Fulcher (Elliot Lawless), and meets a new student his age by the name Leslie Burke (AnnaSophia Robb). At recess, Jess enters a running event, for which he had been training at home. Leslie also enters and manages to beat all the boys, much to Jess' irritation. On the way home, Jess and Leslie learn that they are next-door neighbors.

Later in the evening, Jess becomes frustrated when he finds that May Belle has drawn in his notebook, but his strict father (Robert Patrick) sides with her. The next day at school, Leslie compliments Jess' drawing ability after seeing his notebook, and they soon become best friends. After school, they venture into the woods and swing across a creek on a rope. Jess and Leslie find an abandoned tree house and a broken down truck on the other side, and invent a new world, which they call Terabithia. The fantasy world, which is a reflection on their lives, comes to life through their eyes as they explore the surroundings. For the next few days, Jess and Leslie spend their free time in the tree house getting to know each other.

Leslie gives Jess an art kit for his birthday, much to his delight. Later, he gives her a puppy, whom she decides to name Prince Terrien. Once in Terabithia, they fight with various creatures, including a troll resembling Janice. At school, May Belle shows her friend Alexandra what she got in her snack, which is Twinkies. Jess tells her that she should not brag about the Twinkies. At recess, May Belle screams towards Jess and Leslie saying that Janice stole her Twinkies. Leslie becomes frustrated by Janice's fee for entering the toilet. Jess and Leslie play a prank on Janice, and she becomes the laughingstock of everyone on the bus. Once Leslie's parents finish writing their book, she and Jess help paint their house. Jess is impressed by her parents happiness, and smiles as he watches their family. At school on Friday, Leslie hears Janice Avery crying the bathroom. After Leslie talks with her, she discovers that the reason why Janice is a bully is because she is abused by her father, and they become friends. Jess and Leslie take P.T. to Terabithia, where they fight off several creatures resembling students at their school. They decide to go home when it starts raining and the creek gets higher than ever, and Jess smiles as Leslie runs back to her house, realizing that he has fallen in love with her.

The next morning, Ms. Edmunds (Zooey Deschanel), Jess' music teacher, calls to invite him on a one-on-one field trip to an art museum. Jess tries to ask his mother's permission; however, she is half-asleep and he takes her mumbling as approval. Jess does not ask Leslie to accompany him, and merely looks at her house as they drive by. When he returns home, Jess finds that his father and mother are worried sick because they did not know where he was. His father tells him that Leslie drowned in the river that morning when Jess went to the museum. Jess is deeply grieved, and visits the Burke family home with his parents to pay their respects. Leslie's father, Bill Burke (Latham Gaines), tells Jess that she loved him, and thanks him for being a very good friend to her, since she had trouble making friends at her old school. Jess feels overwhelming guilt for Leslie's death, but his father consoles him to keep their friendship alive for her sake. Jess decides to re-imagine Terabithia and builds a bridge across the river to welcome a new ruler. He invites his sister, May Belle to enter Terabithia; she is delighted because she was previously denied any opportunity to enter. She and Jess bring back Terabithia in even greater splendor, with Jess as king and his sister as princess.

Rating

Rated PG for Thematic Elements; Including Bullying ,Some Peril and Mild Language.

Production

Production for the film began in February 2006,[2] with a budget of around $20 million.[3] Principal photography for the film was shot in Auckland, New Zealand within sixty days.[3][4] Film editing took ten weeks, while post-production, music mixing, and visual effects took a few months. The film was finished by November 2006, because the crew "had to rush" to meet the February 16 deadline.[3] The film was directed by Gábor Csupó, who was first recommended for the job by Walden Media President Cary Granat. Although Csupó had never worked on a live-action film before, it "didn't worry Granat in the least".[5] Csupó stated that he was interested in making the film because he "had the ambition to do a live-action film for a long time", but that he "didn't like anything until I read this book". He described the book as "beautiful" and said that it "moved [him]".[6] Bridge to Terabithia was cinematographer Michael Chapman's final film before his self-imposed retirement. Chapman mentioned in the film's DVD commentary that he retired after shooting this film because he wanted his last film to be a good one, "this is such a beautiful story, and it's exactly the kind of movie I want to do at this time in my life".[7]

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Casting

Gábor Csupó cast Bailee Madison as May Belle Aarons because of her charm and confidence.[3]

Director Csupó stated that they had no actors initially in mind for the film. The first actor cast was AnnaSophia Robb as Leslie Burke. Robb wrote Csupó "such a beautiful, heartwarming letter" that expressed her love for the book and the character. Csupó said that he cast her because of "her letter, her enthusiasm, and her love of the material". Robb also conversed with producer Lauren Levine before casting even began, and "their conversation convinced her that, without a doubt, AnnaSophia was meant for this role". Levine said that "it was just so clear in talking to her about all this fantasy that I was basically talking to Leslie, that she had that same kind of spark and magical presence. She might be physically different from Leslie in the book, but the spirit of Leslie and the spirit of AnnaSophia are nearly identical. It was a match made in heaven."[7] With regard to the character, Robb said "[Leslie]'s one of those people who's just always lit up, who has this glow about her, and no one can bring her down. Leslie's such a lively and energetic character, it was really fun for me to become her."[8]

Levine stated that "looking for Jess was a really tough hunt. We needed someone who could go from an introverted boy in an isolated world to someone who completely taps into his imagination and becomes a confident, brave leader in Terabithia. That's a heck of a range for such a young actor."[7] Josh Hutcherson was not their first choice for the role of Jess Aarons, but they settled with him because they "felt the chemistry between AnnaSophia Robb and him".[5] Hutcherson said that the project appealed to him because of "the real life day-to-day drama as well as the arc of the character Jess".[9]

The filmmakers cast Robert Patrick as Jess' hardworking and strict father based on his previous roles in the films Walk the Line, Flags of Our Fathers, and the television series The Unit. Patrick explained that he related to the story because he was "constantly creating imaginary worlds as a kid" himself, and that the film's setting reminded him of where he grew up. He also said that he took on the role because he wanted to star in a film that his children could watch.[7]

Csupó said that they cast Bailee Madison as May Belle Aarons after weeks of searching for an actress to play the part. He went on to say that "she had such a charm, even before the camera, she was just like a little sweetheart. She was very confident, she showed up shook hands with everybody, totally sweet and perky. I said 'WOW!' she was just stealing everybody's heart on the spot."[3]

Design and effects

Csupó explained that "it was a very conscious decision from the very beginning that we're not going to overdo the visual effects because of the story's integrity and the book's integrity", because there was only a brief mention of Jess and Leslie fighting imaginary creatures in the forest in the novel. With that in mind, they "tried to do the absolute minimum, which would be required to put it into a movie version".[5]

In designing the fantasy creatures found in Terabithia, Csupó wanted to make creatures that were "little more artsy, imaginative, fantastical creatures than the typical rendered characters you see in other movies", and drew inspiration from Terry Gilliam and Ridley Scott. Dima Malanitchev came up with the drawings for the creatures with Csupó's guidance.[6] Csupó chose to have Weta Digital render the 3D animation because he "was impressed with their artistic integrity, the teamwork, the [fact that] people were really nice, and also they responded to our designs very positively." Weta modified some of the creature designs, but ultimately remained faithful to Csupó's original designs.[6]

There were around 100 crew members from Weta working on the effects for the film. Weta was already working on animating the creatures while the film was being shot, and Weta crew members were on-set for all the scenes that involved special effects during the filming. Weta visual effects supervisor Matt Aitken explained that process involved in interpreting the creatures was "split into two steps". First, natural-looking creatures were created based on pencil sketches by Csupó and Malanitchev, and this was done mostly through Photoshop collages done by visual effects art director Michael Pangrazio. The second step was to figure out animation or motion styles that best suited these creatures.[2]

Leslie's costumes in the film were designed to look as if the character "might have made some of them herself", and they were updated from those described in the book to reflect what would currently be considered eccentric.[10]

Writing

Producer and screenwriter David L. Paterson is the novel's author's son, and his name was featured on its dedication page. The story was based on his real life best friend, Lisa Hill, who was struck by lightning and killed when they were both eight years old.[11][12] Paterson had asked his mother, Katherine Paterson, if he could write a screenplay of the novel, and she agreed "not only because he's [her] son, but also because he's a very good playwright". Paterson had difficulty marketing the screenplay, mostly because of Leslie's death; "if you can believe this, I did meet with some companies that asked if I could just 'hurt' Leslie a little bit—put her in a light coma and then bring her out".[13]

The most important thing for Paterson was to keep the spirit of the book alive while finding a way to transform it from "a novel that takes place mostly in the characters' heads to a dynamic visual medium". Paterson knew that the film had to be about friendship and imagination.[7] While Paterson focused on "bringing out the emotions of the story," he admitted to having difficulty writing about Terabithia because it was "because it was too close". He credited fellow screenwriter Jeff Stockwell for recreating Terabithia for the film. "What Jeff was able to do as an outsider who wasn’t so attached to the story was to really let his imagination go free and make up this world in a wonderful way", David said. Csupó noted that the two main characters are a little bit older in the film than they are in the book. Csupó reasons that the movie "deals with so many issues including friendship, and maybe first innocent love, things like that", so it "made more sense" to make the characters older.[5]

Music

The film features a musical score by Aaron Zigman, who was hired after Alison Krauss backed out of the job.[14] Zigman mentioned that there are similarities between the music he composed for Bridge to Terabithia and the film Flicka in that "...at times there's a bit of a Celtic influence but not much", but he also went on to say that there was a more modern feel to the music he composed for Bridge to Terabithia. The score he composed for the film is described as "very large" compared to his other work, and Zigman commented that "Aside from the minimalist stuff and coloring that I love to do, I also like big orchestral stuff, and want to do more of that, and this film enabled me to spread my wings out a bit." The official soundtrack for the film was released by Hollywood Records on February 13, 2007.[15]

Release

Marketing and promotion

The filmmakers distanced themselves from the advertising campaign for the film, saying that it was deliberately misleading and made the film seem to be about, or occurring in, a fantasy world.[16] David Paterson was surprised by the trailer, but understood the marketing reasoning behind it, saying:

Although there is a generation that is very familiar with the book, if you are over 40, then you probably haven't, and we need to reach them. [...] Everyone who read the book and sees the trailer says, 'What is this? This is nothing like the book. What are you doing, Dave?' And I say, 'You know what you're seeing is 15 seconds of a 90-minute film. Give me a little leeway and respect. Go see it, and then tell me what you think.[16]

Critics commented on the film's misleading advertisement campaign. One critic said the film was actually "grounded in reality far more than in fantasy",[17] while another thought, "far from a computer generated escapist fantasy, this film is an unpretentious and touching tale of preteen companionship and loss".[18]

Distribution

The film premiered at the El Capitan Theatre in Hollywood on February 16, 2007.[19] Paterson, an alumnus of The Catholic University of America, held a special advance screening of the film for members of the CUA community at the AFI Silver Theatre in Silver Spring, Maryland on February 1, 2007.[20] The film opened in the UK on May 4, 2007, and in New Zealand June 7, 2007.[21] The film had a strong second place domestic opening over the Presidents' Day weekend, grossing "a higher-than-expected" $28,536,717 from 2,284 screens, earning an average of $9,885 per screen.[22] The opening Friday box office was $6.3 million.[23] The film has a worldwide gross of US$120 million, taking in $80 million in the US and Canada alone.[24]

The DVD and Blu-ray Disc were released on June 19, 2007 in the US. The DVD and high definition Blu-ray version shared the same special features; including: "Digital Imagination: Bringing Terabithia to Life", "Behind the Book: The Themes of Bridge to Terabithia", "Keep Your Mind Wide Open" music video by Robb, and two audio commentaries, the first with director Gabor Csupo, writer Jeff Stockwell, and producer Hal Lieberman, and the second with producer Lauren Levine and actors Hutcherson and Robb.[25]

Reception

Critical reception

AnnaSophia Robb's portrayal of Leslie was praised; one critic enjoyed her "engaging" performance", and thought "only the story's vibrant young heroine [...] draws us in enough to care".[26]

Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported that 85% of 137 collected reviews for Bridge to Terabithia were positive, with an average score of 7.1/10. The consensus from critics was the film was "a faithful adaptation of a beloved children's novel and a powerful portrayal of love, loss, and imagination through children's eyes. Dynamic visuals and natural performances further enhance the imaginative film".[27] At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film received an average score of 74 based on 25 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[28]

James Berardinelli of ReelViews called Bridge to Terabithia "easily the best family feature of the early year".[29] Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post praised the script for being "utterly recognizable and authentic", and thought Robb and Hutcherson were "perfectly cast". Hornaday wrote that although the final five minutes succumbed to "oversweet sentiment", viewers would remember the film's "warmth and respect with which it pays homage to first love".[30] Jessica Grose of The Village Voice commended director Csupó for omitting "cutesy tween stereotypes", and felt Jess' relationship with his father elevated Bridge to Terabithia from "a good kids movie to a classic contender".[18] The New York Times critic Jeannette Catsoulis believed that the fantasy was kept in the background "to find magic in the everyday", and thought Csupó directed "like someone intimate with the pain of being different, allowing each personality more than a single characteristic". The reviewer praised all the leads for their strong performances, especially Deschanel and Madison. Catsoulis found the film was able to handle adult topics "with nuance and sensitivity", and being consistently smart and "delicate as a spider web", it was the kind of children's movie "rarely seen nowadays".[17] Miriam di Nunzio of the Chicago Sun-Times praised Hutcherson and Robb's performances, saying that "the film's heart and soul rests on the abilities of its young lead characters to make us really see the world through children's eyes. The dynamic duo of Hutcherson and Robb do not disappoint."[31]

Despite the critical acclaim, not all reviews were as positive. Claudia Puig of USA Today wrote that "for a movie about the power of imagination, Bridge to Terabithia is not as clever as you would hope". Puig called the film a "serviceable translation" of the novel, but thought the adult characters were caricatured. The reviewer found the real-life portions of the movie were "derivative and simplistic", but found Jess' emotional tumult felt "powerfully authentic, and this is where the film finds its truth and soul".[26] The Wall Street Journal critic Joe Morgenstern felt that despite the occasional misuse of enchantment—"brief spasms of overproduced fantasy"—the novel's screen adaption was told with "agreeable simplicity in between computer-generated monsters". Morgenstern was disappointed with the performances by the young members of the cast, which he described as "appealing but unpolished". Morgenstern thought Csupó lacked experience directing actors, and that although Deschanel was the best adult performer, she seemed self-directed.[32] Entertainment Weekly's Gregory Kirschling was confused by the main characters' lack of excitement towards Terabithia, and felt the film could not decide if it was "a fantasy or coming-of-age story".[33]

Awards and nominations

Bridge to Terabithia was nominated for seven awards, of which it won five. Josh Hutcherson was nominated at the 2008 Saturn Awards for "Best Performance by a Younger Actor".[34] AnnaSophia Robb was nominated for a Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for "Best Young Actress".[35] The film won five awards at the Young Artist Awards, including "Best Family Feature Film (Fantasy or Musical)". Hutcherson won "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Leading Young Actor", Robb won "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Leading Young Actress", and Bailee Madison won "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Young Actress Age Ten or Younger". The cast won the award for "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Young Ensemble Cast", which included Hutcherson, Robb, Madison, Wakefield, Clinton, Lawless, Isabelle Rose Kircher, Carly Owen, Devon Wood, Emma Fenton and Grace Brannigan.[36]

References

  1. ^ "Bridge to Terabithia". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=bridgetoterabithia.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ a b Bennett, Tara DiLullo (February 16, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia: From Imagination to 3D Enchantment". Animation World Network. http://vfxworld.com/?atype=articles&id=3179. Retrieved 2004-04-29. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Movie Jungle Interviews - Bridge to Terabithia Interviews - Gabor Csupo & David Paterson". Movie Jungle. http://www.moviejungle.com/interviews/csupopaterson/. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  4. ^ "Bridge to Terabithia — About the Film". Walden Media. http://www.walden.com/walden/properties/terabithia/about_film.php. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  5. ^ a b c d Roberts, Sheila. "Gabor Csupo Interview, Director Bridge to Terabithia". MoviesOnline. http://www.moviesonline.ca/movienews_11264.html. Retrieved 2008-12-02. 
  6. ^ a b c Robertson, Barbara (March 2007), "Imaginary Effects", Computer Graphics World 30 (3): 43–44 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Bridge to Terabithia production notes". http://madeinatlantis.com/movies_central/2007/terabithia_production_details.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  8. ^ Roberts, Sheila. "AnnaSophia Robb Interview, Bridge to Terabithia". MoviesOnline. http://www.moviesonline.ca/movienews_11262.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  9. ^ Savage, David (April 30, 2007). "Josh Hutcherson — the Terabithia Interview!". Popcorn.co.uk. http://www.popcorn.co.uk/page.asp?partid=518. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  10. ^ Paterson, David (2007). Bridge to Terabithia: The Official Movie Companion. HarperCollins. p. 24. ISBN 0-06-121531-7. 
  11. ^ Paterson, Katherine. "Terabithia.com - Katherine Paterson - Questions". Terabithia.com. http://www.terabithia.com/questions.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  12. ^ Kohn, Diana (2004). "Lisa Hill and the Bridge to Terabithia (Internet Archive version)". Takoma Voice. http://web.archive.org/web/20060522104539/http://www.takoma.com/archives/copy/2005/06/features_takomaarchives0605.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  13. ^ Oleck, Joan (February 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia Hits the Big Screen". School Library Journal 53 (2): 20. 
  14. ^ Larson, Randall (July 13, 2006). "Zigman hired to compose score for Bridge to Terabithia". Mania.com. http://www.mania.com/zigman-hired-to-compose-score-for-bridge-to-terabithia_article_51697.html. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  15. ^ "SoundtrackNet : Interview - Aaron Zigman". SoundtrackNet. http://www.soundtrack.net/features/article/?id=219. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  16. ^ a b Szymanski, Mike (February 7, 2007). "Terabithia Ads Mislead?". Sci Fi.com. http://www.scifi.com/scifiwire/index.php?category=1&id=40014&type=0. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  17. ^ a b Catsoulis, Jeannette (February 16, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia - Transcending Pain, a Friendship Fed on Imagination". The New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/2007/02/16/movies/16tera.html?ref=movies. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  18. ^ a b Grose, Jessica (February 6, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia". The Village Voice. http://www.villagevoice.com/2007-02-06/film/bridge-to-terabithia/. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  19. ^ Gow, Mary (January 22, 2007). "Katherine Paterson on the Big Screen". Barre Montpelier Times Argus. http://www.timesargus.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070122/NEWS01/701220355/1002/NEWS01. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  20. ^ "CUA This Week". The Catholic University of America. January 26, 2007. http://thisweek.cua.edu/default.cfm?issue=2007Jan29This%20Week.htm&startdate=01/29/2007. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  21. ^ "Bridge To Terabithia 2007". Yahoo!. http://uk.movies.yahoo.com/b/Bridge-To-Terabithia/index-1885857.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  22. ^ Hamann, John (February 18, 2007). "Weekend Box Office Wrap-Up for February 16 to February 18, 2007". Box Office Prophets. http://www.boxofficeprophets.com/column/index.cfm?columnID=9943. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  23. ^ Briody, Tim (February 17, 2007). "Friday Box Office Analysis". Box Office Prophets. http://www.boxofficeprophets.com/column/index.cfm?columnID=9942. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  24. ^ "Bridge to Terabithia". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=bridgetoterabithia.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  25. ^ Swindoll, Jeff (June 17, 2007). "DVD Review: Bridge to Terabithia". Monsters and Critics. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/dvd/reviews/article_1318695.php. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  26. ^ a b Puig, Claudia (March 4, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia holds up well enough". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/reviews/2007-02-15-terabithia_x.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  27. ^ "Bridge to Terabithia (2007)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/bridge_to_terabithia/. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  28. ^ "Bridge to Terabithia". Metacritic. http://www.metacritic.com/film/titles/bridgetoterabithia. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  29. ^ Berardinelli, James (2007). "Review: Bridge to Terabithia". ReelViews. http://www.reelviews.net/movies/b/bridge_terabithia.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  30. ^ Hornaday, Ann (February 16, 2007). "Bridge: Crossing Into The Heart of Childhood". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/15/AR2007021502089.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  31. ^ Di Nunzio, Miriam (February 16, 2007). "Imagination triumphs in Bridge to Terabithia". Chicago Sun-Times. http://www.suntimes.com/entertainment/movies/258783,WKP-News-bridge16.article. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  32. ^ Morgenstern, Joe (February 16, 2007). "Film Review". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/public/article_print/SB117158480724710454.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  33. ^ Kirschling, Gregory (February 14, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia (2007)". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20011869,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  34. ^ Olson, Dale. "The Saturn Awards (Presented by The Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films)". Saturn Award. http://72.14.235.132/search?q=cache:lGpQqdO23vgJ:www.saturnawards.org/nom_34.doc+bridge+to+terabithia+Josh+Hutcherson+saturn+award&cd=3&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=au&client=firefox-a. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  35. ^ "Into the Wild leads Critics' Choice nominations". USA Today. December 11, 2007. http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/movieawards/2007-12-11-critics-choice-awards_N.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  36. ^ "29th Annual Young Artist Awards – Nominations/Special Awards". Young Artist Award. http://www.youngartistawards.org/noms29.html. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 

External links


Bridge to Terabithia
Directed by Gábor Csupó
Produced by David Paterson
Lauren Levine
Hal Lieberman
Written by Katherine Paterson
Screenplay by David L. Paterson
Jeff Stockwell
Starring Josh Hutcherson
AnnaSophia Robb
Robert Patrick
Zooey Deschanel
Bailee Madison
Music by Aaron Zigman
Cinematography Michael Chapman
Editing by John Gilbert
Studio Walden Media
Distributed by United States:
Walt Disney Pictures
International sales:
Summit Entertainment
Latin America:
Paramount Pictures
United Kingdom:
Icon Productions
Release date(s) February 16, 2007 (2007-02-16)
Running time 97 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $20 million
Gross revenue $137,587,063[1]

Bridge to Terabithia is a 2007 fantasy drama film directed by Gábor Csupó and adapted for film by David L. Paterson and Jeff Stockwell. The film is based on the Katherine Paterson novel of the same name, and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures in the US. The film stars Josh Hutcherson, AnnaSophia Robb, Robert Patrick, Bailee Madison and Zooey Deschanel. Bridge to Terabithia tells the story of Jesse Aarons and Leslie Burke, ten-year-old neighbors who create a fantasy world called Terabithia and spend their free time together in an abandoned tree house.

Screenwriter David Paterson is Katherine Paterson's son, and the novel is based on parts of his childhood. When he asked his mother if he could write a screenplay of the novel, she agreed because of his ability as a playwright. Production began in February 2006, and the film was finished by November. Principal photography was shot in Auckland, New Zealand within sixty days. Film editing took ten weeks, while post-production, music mixing, and visual effects took several months.

Bridge to Terabithia was released theatrically in the U.S. and Canada on February 16, 2007. The film was a financial success, and with a budget of around $20 million, it had a worldwide gross of US$137 million. The film received positive reviews; critics called it a faithful adaption of the children's novel, and found dynamic visuals and natural performances further enhanced the imaginative film. Bridge to Terabithia was nominated for seven awards, winning five at the Young Artist Awards.

Contents

Plot

Jesse "Jess" Aarons (Josh Hutcherson) is a fifth grader aspiring artist living with his financially struggling family in Lark Creek, Virginia. He rides the bus to school with his little sister May Belle (Bailee Madison), where he avoids the school bully Janice Avery (Lauren Clinton). In class, Jess is teased by classmates Scott Hoager (Cameron Wakefield) and Gary Fulcher (Elliot Lawless), and meets a new student his age by the name Leslie Burke (AnnaSophia Robb). At recess, Jess enters a running event, for which he had been training at home. Leslie also enters and manages to beat all the boys, much to Jess' irritation. On the way home, Jess and Leslie learn that they are next-door neighbors.

Later in the evening, Jess becomes frustrated when he finds that May Belle has drawn in his notebook, but his strict father (Robert Patrick) sides with her. He later watches them gardening together, disappointed that his father never spends time with him. The next day at school, Leslie compliments Jess' drawing ability after seeing his notebook, and they soon become best friends. After school they venture into the woods and swing across a creek on a rope. Jess and Leslie find an abandoned tree house and a broken down truck on the other side, and invent a new world, which they call Terabithia. The fantasy world, which is a reflection on their lives, comes to life through their eyes as they explore the surroundings. For the next few days, Jess and Leslie spend their free time in the tree house getting to know each other.

Leslie gives Jess an art kit for his birthday, much to his delight. Later, he gives her a puppy, whom she decides to name Prince Terrien (shortened to P.T). Once in Terabithia, they fight with various creatures, including a troll resembling Janice. At school, May Belle shows her friend Alexandra what she got in her snack, which is Twinkies. Jess tells her that she should not brag about the Twinkies. At recess, May Belle screams towards Jess and Leslie saying that Janice stole her Twinkies. Leslie becomes frustrated by Janice's fee for entering the toilet. Jess and Leslie play a prank on Janice, and she becomes the laughingstock of everyone on the bus. Once Leslie's parents finish writing their book, she and Jess help paint their house. Jess is impressed by her parents' happiness, and smiles as he watches their family. At school on Friday, Leslie hears Janice Avery crying the bathroom. After Leslie talks with her, she discovers that the reason why Janice is a bully is that she is abused by her father, and they become friends. Jess and Leslie take P.T. to Terabithia, where they fight off several creatures resembling students at their school. They decide to go home when it starts raining and the creek gets higher than ever, and Jess realizes that he has fallen in love with Leslie as she runs back to her house.

The next morning, Ms. Edmunds (Zooey Deschanel), Jess' music teacher, calls to invite him on a one-on-one field trip to an art museum. Jess tries to ask his mother's permission; however, she is half-asleep and he takes her mumbling as approval. Jess does not ask Leslie to accompany him, and merely looks at her house as they drive by. When he returns home, Jess finds that his father and mother are worried sick because they did not know where he was. His father tells him that Leslie drowned in the river that morning when Jess went to the museum. Jess is heartbroken, and says he doesn't believe that Leslie drowned. He runs through the forest, and is soon found by his father. The following day, Jess and his father visit the Burke family home with his parents to pay their respects. Leslie's father, Bill Burke (Latham Gaines), tells Jess that she loved him, and thanks him for being a very good friend to her, since she had trouble making friends at her old school. Jess feels overwhelming guilt for Leslie's death. He runs back into the forest, and breaks out in tears. His father consoles him to keep their friendship alive for her sake. Jess decides to re-imagine Terabithia and builds a bridge across the river to welcome a new ruler. He invites his sister, May Belle to enter Terabithia; she is delighted because she was previously denied any opportunity to enter. She and Jess bring back Terabithia in even greater splendor, with Jess as king and his sister as princess.

Production

Overview

Production for the film began in February 2006,[2] with a budget of around $20 million.[3] Principal photography for the film was shot in Auckland, New Zealand within sixty days.[3][4] Film editing took ten weeks, while post-production, music mixing, and visual effects took a few months. The film was finished by November 2006, because the crew "had to rush" to meet the February 16 deadline.[3] The film was directed by Gábor Csupó, who was first recommended for the job by Walden Media President Cary Granat. Although Csupó had never worked on a live-action film before, it "didn't worry Granat in the least".[5] Csupó stated that he was interested in making the film because he "had the ambition to do a live-action film for a long time", but that he "didn't like anything until I read this book". He described the book as "beautiful" and said that it "moved [him]".[6] Bridge to Terabithia was cinematographer Michael Chapman's final film before his retirement. Chapman mentioned in the film's DVD commentary that he retired after shooting this film because he wanted his last film to be a good one, "this is such a beautiful story, and it's exactly the kind of movie I want to do at this time in my life".[7]

Casting

File:Bailee
Gábor Csupó cast Bailee Madison as May Belle Aarons because of her charm and confidence.[3]

Director Csupó stated that they had no actors initially in mind for the film. The first actor cast was AnnaSophia Robb as Leslie Burke. Robb wrote Csupó "such a beautiful, heartwarming letter" that expressed her love for the book and the character. Csupó said that he cast her because of "her letter, her enthusiasm, and her love of the material". Robb also conversed with producer Lauren Levine before casting even began, and "their conversation convinced her that, without a doubt, AnnaSophia was meant for this role". Levine said that "it was just so clear in talking to her about all this fantasy that I was basically talking to Leslie, that she had that same kind of spark and magical presence. She might be physically different from Leslie in the book, but the spirit of Leslie and the spirit of AnnaSophia are nearly identical. It was a match made in heaven."[7] With regard to the character, Robb said "[Leslie]'s one of those people who's just always lit up, who has this glow about her, and no one can bring her down. Leslie's such a lively and energetic character, it was really fun for me to become her."[8]

Levine stated that "looking for Jess was a really tough hunt. We needed someone who could go from an introverted boy in an isolated world to someone who completely taps into his imagination and becomes a confident, brave leader in Terabithia. That's a heck of a range for such a young actor."[7] Josh Hutcherson was not their first choice for the role of Jess Aarons, but they settled with him because they "felt the chemistry between AnnaSophia Robb and him".[5] Hutcherson said that the project appealed to him because of "the real life day-to-day drama as well as the arc of the character Jess".[9]

The filmmakers cast Robert Patrick as Jess' hardworking and strict father based on his previous roles in the films Walk the Line, Flags of Our Fathers, and the television series The Unit. Patrick explained that he related to the story because he was "constantly creating imaginary worlds as a kid" himself, and that the film's setting reminded him of where he grew up. He also said that he took on the role because he wanted to star in a film that his children could watch.[7]

Csupó said that they cast Bailee Madison as May Belle Aarons after weeks of searching for an actress to play the part. He went on to say that "she had such a charm, even before the camera, she was just like a little sweetheart. She was very confident, she showed up shook hands with everybody, totally sweet and perky. I said 'WOW!' she was just stealing everybody's heart on the spot."[3]

Design and effects

Csupó explained that "it was a very conscious decision from the very beginning that we're not going to overdo the visual effects because of the story's integrity and the book's integrity", because there was only a brief mention of Jess and Leslie fighting imaginary creatures in the forest in the novel. With that in mind, they "tried to do the absolute minimum, which would be required to put it into a movie version".[5]

In designing the fantasy creatures found in Terabithia, Csupó wanted to make creatures that were "little more artsy, imaginative, fantastical creatures than the typical rendered characters you see in other movies", and drew inspiration from Terry Gilliam and Ridley Scott. Dima Malanitchev came up with the drawings for the creatures with Csupó's guidance.[6] Csupó chose to have Weta Digital render the 3D animation because he "was impressed with their artistic integrity, the teamwork, the [fact that] people were really nice, and also they responded to our designs very positively." Weta modified some of the creature designs, but ultimately remained faithful to Csupó's original designs.[6]

There were around 100 crew members from Weta working on the effects for the film. Weta was already working on animating the creatures while the film was being shot, and Weta crew members were on-set for all the scenes that involved special effects during the filming. Weta visual effects supervisor Matt Aitken explained that process involved in interpreting the creatures was "split into two steps". First, natural-looking creatures were created based on pencil sketches by Csupó and Malanitchev, and this was done mostly through Photoshop collages done by visual effects art director Michael Pangrazio. The second step was to figure out animation or motion styles that best suited these creatures.[2]

Leslie's costumes in the film were designed to look as if the character "might have made some of them herself", and they were updated from those described in the book to reflect what would currently be considered eccentric.[10]

Writing

Producer and screenwriter David L. Paterson is the novel's author's son, and his name was featured on its dedication page. The story was based on his real life best friend, Lisa Hill, who was struck by lightning and killed when they were both eight years old.[11][12] Paterson had asked his mother, Katherine Paterson, if he could write a screenplay of the novel, and she agreed "not only because he's [her] son, but also because he's a very good playwright". Paterson had difficulty marketing the screenplay, mostly because of Leslie's death; "if you can believe this, I did meet with some companies that asked if I could just 'hurt' Leslie a little bit—put her in a light coma and then bring her out".[13]

The most important thing for Paterson was to keep the spirit of the book alive while finding a way to transform it from "a novel that takes place mostly in the characters' heads to a dynamic visual medium". Paterson knew that the film had to be about friendship and imagination.[7] While Paterson focused on "bringing out the emotions of the story," he admitted to having difficulty writing about Terabithia "because it was too close". He credited fellow screenwriter Jeff Stockwell for recreating Terabithia for the film. "What Jeff was able to do as an outsider who wasn’t so attached to the story was to really let his imagination go free and make up this world in a wonderful way", David said. Csupó noted that the two main characters are a little bit older in the film than they are in the book. Csupó reasons that the movie "deals with so many issues including friendship, and maybe first innocent love, things like that", so it "made more sense" to make the characters older.[5]

Music

The film features a musical score by Aaron Zigman, who was hired after Alison Krauss backed out of the job.[14] Zigman mentioned that there are similarities between the music he composed for Bridge to Terabithia and the film Flicka in that "...at times there's a bit of a Celtic influence but not much", but he also went on to say that there was a more modern feel to the music he composed for Bridge to Terabithia. The score he composed for the film is described as "very large" compared to his other work, and Zigman commented that "Aside from the minimalist stuff and coloring that I love to do, I also like big orchestral stuff, and want to do more of that, and this film enabled me to spread my wings out a bit." The official soundtrack for the film was released by Hollywood Records on February 13, 2007.[15]

Release

Marketing and promotion

The filmmakers distanced themselves from the advertising campaign for the film, saying that it was deliberately misleading and made the film seem to be about, or occurring in, a fantasy world.[16] David Paterson was surprised by the trailer, but understood the marketing reasoning behind it, saying:

Although there is a generation that is very familiar with the book, if you are over 40, then you probably haven't, and we need to reach them. [...] Everyone who read the book and sees the trailer says, 'What is this? This is nothing like the book. What are you doing, Dave?' And I say, 'You know what you're seeing is 15 seconds of a 90-minute film. Give me a little leeway and respect. Go see it, and then tell me what you think.[16]

Critics commented on the film's misleading advertisement campaign. One critic said the film was actually "grounded in reality far more than in fantasy",[17] while another thought, "far from a computer generated escapist fantasy, this film is an unpretentious and touching tale of preteen companionship and loss".[18]

Distribution

The film premiered at the El Capitan Theatre in Hollywood on February 16, 2007.[19] Paterson, an alumnus of The Catholic University of America, held a special advance screening of the film for members of the CUA community at the AFI Silver Theatre in Silver Spring, Maryland on February 1, 2007.[20] The film opened in the UK on May 4, 2007, and in New Zealand June 7, 2007.[21] The film had a strong second place domestic opening over the Presidents' Day weekend, grossing "a higher-than-expected" $28,536,717 from 2,284 screens, earning an average of $9,885 per screen.[22] The opening Friday box office was $6.3 million.[23] The film has a worldwide gross of US$120 million, taking in $80 million in the US and Canada alone.[24]

The DVD and Blu-ray Disc were released on June 19, 2007 in the US. The DVD and high definition Blu-ray version shared the same special features; including: "Digital Imagination: Bringing Terabithia to Life", "Behind the Book: The Themes of Bridge to Terabithia", "Keep Your Mind Wide Open" music video by Robb, and two audio commentaries, the first with director Gabor Csupo, writer Jeff Stockwell, and producer Hal Lieberman, and the second with producer Lauren Levine and actors Hutcherson and Robb.[25]

Reception

Critical reception

File:AnnaSophia Robb (20050209).jpg
AnnaSophia Robb's portrayal of Leslie was praised; one critic enjoyed her "engaging" performance", and thought "only the story's vibrant young heroine [...] draws us in enough to care".[26]

Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported that 85% of 137 collected reviews for Bridge to Terabithia were positive, with an average score of 7.1/10. The consensus from critics was the film was "a faithful adaptation of a beloved children's novel and a powerful portrayal of love, loss, and imagination through children's eyes. Dynamic visuals and natural performances further enhance the imaginative film".[27] At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film received an average score of 74 based on 25 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[28]

James Berardinelli of ReelViews called Bridge to Terabithia "easily the best family feature of the early year".[29] Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post praised the script for being "utterly recognizable and authentic", and thought Robb and Hutcherson were "perfectly cast". Hornaday wrote that although the final five minutes succumbed to "oversweet sentiment", viewers would remember the film's "warmth and respect with which it pays homage to first love".[30] Jessica Grose of The Village Voice commended director Csupó for omitting "cutesy tween stereotypes", and felt Jess' relationship with his father elevated Bridge to Terabithia from "a good kids movie to a classic contender".[18] The New York Times critic Jeannette Catsoulis believed that the fantasy was kept in the background "to find magic in the everyday", and thought Csupó directed "like someone intimate with the pain of being different, allowing each personality more than a single characteristic". The reviewer praised all the leads for their strong performances, especially Deschanel and Madison. Catsoulis found the film was able to handle adult topics "with nuance and sensitivity", and being consistently smart and "delicate as a spider web", it was the kind of children's movie "rarely seen nowadays".[17] Miriam di Nunzio of the Chicago Sun-Times praised Hutcherson and Robb's performances, saying that "the film's heart and soul rests on the abilities of its young lead characters to make us really see the world through children's eyes. The dynamic duo of Hutcherson and Robb do not disappoint."[31]

Despite the critical acclaim, not all reviews were as positive. Claudia Puig of USA Today wrote that "for a movie about the power of imagination, Bridge to Terabithia is not as clever as you would hope". Puig called the film a "serviceable translation" of the novel, but thought the adult characters were caricatured. The reviewer found the real-life portions of the movie were "derivative and simplistic", but found Jess' emotional tumult felt "powerfully authentic, and this is where the film finds its truth and soul".[26] The Wall Street Journal critic Joe Morgenstern felt that despite the occasional misuse of enchantment—"brief spasms of overproduced fantasy"—the novel's screen adaption was told with "agreeable simplicity in between computer-generated monsters". Morgenstern was disappointed with the performances by the young members of the cast, which he described as "appealing but unpolished". Morgenstern thought Csupó lacked experience directing actors, and that although Deschanel was the best adult performer, she seemed self-directed.[32] Entertainment Weekly's Gregory Kirschling was confused by the main characters' lack of excitement towards Terabithia, and felt the film could not decide if it was "a fantasy or coming-of-age story".[33]

Awards and nominations

Bridge to Terabithia was nominated for seven awards, of which it won five. Josh Hutcherson was nominated at the 2008 Saturn Awards for "Best Performance by a Younger Actor".[34] AnnaSophia Robb was nominated for a Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for "Best Young Actress".[35] The film won five awards at the Young Artist Awards, including "Best Family Feature Film (Fantasy or Musical)". Hutcherson won "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Leading Young Actor", Robb won "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Leading Young Actress", and Bailee Madison won "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Young Actress Age Ten or Younger". The cast won the award for "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Young Ensemble Cast", which included Hutcherson, Robb, Madison, Wakefield, Clinton, Lawless, Isabelle Rose Kircher, Carly Owen, Devon Wood, Emma Fenton and Grace Brannigan.[36]

References

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  2. ^ a b Bennett, Tara DiLullo (February 16, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia: From Imagination to 3D Enchantment". Animation World Network. http://vfxworld.com/?atype=articles&id=3179. Retrieved 2004-04-29. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Movie Jungle Interviews - Bridge to Terabithia Interviews - Gabor Csupo & David Paterson". Movie Jungle. http://www.moviejungle.com/interviews/csupopaterson/. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  4. ^ "Bridge to Terabithia — About the Film". Walden Media. http://www.walden.com/walden/properties/terabithia/about_film.php. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  5. ^ a b c d Roberts, Sheila. "Gabor Csupo Interview, Director Bridge to Terabithia". MoviesOnline. http://www.moviesonline.ca/movienews_11264.html. Retrieved 2008-12-02. 
  6. ^ a b c Robertson, Barbara (March 2007). "Imaginary Effects". Computer Graphics World 30 (3): pp. 43–44 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Bridge to Terabithia production notes". http://madeinatlantis.com/movies_central/2007/terabithia_production_details.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  8. ^ Roberts, Sheila. "AnnaSophia Robb Interview, Bridge to Terabithia". MoviesOnline. http://www.moviesonline.ca/movienews_11262.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  9. ^ Savage, David (April 30, 2007). "Josh Hutcherson — the Terabithia Interview!". Popcorn.co.uk. http://www.popcorn.co.uk/page.asp?partid=518. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  10. ^ Paterson, David (2007). Bridge to Terabithia: The Official Movie Companion. HarperCollins. p. 24. ISBN 0-06-121531-7. 
  11. ^ Paterson, Katherine. "Terabithia.com - Katherine Paterson - Questions". Terabithia.com. http://www.terabithia.com/questions.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  12. ^ Kohn, Diana (2004). "Lisa Hill and the Bridge to Terabithia (Internet Archive version)". Takoma Voice. http://web.archive.org/web/20060522104539/http://www.takoma.com/archives/copy/2005/06/features_takomaarchives0605.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  13. ^ Oleck, Joan (February 2007). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Bridge to Terabithia Hits the Big Screen"]. School Library Journal 53 (2): 20. 
  14. ^ Larson, Randall (July 13, 2006). "Zigman hired to compose score for Bridge to Terabithia". Mania.com. http://www.mania.com/zigman-hired-to-compose-score-for-bridge-to-terabithia_article_51697.html. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  15. ^ "SoundtrackNet : Interview - Aaron Zigman". SoundtrackNet. http://www.soundtrack.net/features/article/?id=219. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  16. ^ a b Szymanski, Mike (February 7, 2007). "Terabithia Ads Mislead?". Sci Fi.com. Archived from the original on February 09, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080209210133/http://www.scifi.com/scifiwire/index.php?category=1&id=40014&type=0. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  17. ^ a b Catsoulis, Jeannette (February 16, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia - Transcending Pain, a Friendship Fed on Imagination". The New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/2007/02/16/movies/16tera.html?ref=movies. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  18. ^ a b Grose, Jessica (February 6, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia". The Village Voice. http://www.villagevoice.com/2007-02-06/film/bridge-to-terabithia/. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  19. ^ Gow, Mary (January 22, 2007). "Katherine Paterson on the Big Screen". Barre Montpelier Times Argus. http://www.timesargus.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070122/NEWS01/701220355/1002/NEWS01. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  20. ^ "CUA This Week". The Catholic University of America. January 26, 2007. http://thisweek.cua.edu/default.cfm?issue=2007Jan29This%20Week.htm&startdate=01/29/2007. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  21. ^ "Bridge To Terabithia 2007". Yahoo!. http://uk.movies.yahoo.com/b/Bridge-To-Terabithia/index-1885857.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  22. ^ Hamann, John (February 18, 2007). "Weekend Box Office Wrap-Up for February 16 to February 18, 2007". Box Office Prophets. http://www.boxofficeprophets.com/column/index.cfm?columnID=9943. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  23. ^ Briody, Tim (February 17, 2007). "Friday Box Office Analysis". Box Office Prophets. http://www.boxofficeprophets.com/column/index.cfm?columnID=9942. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  24. ^ "Bridge to Terabithia". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=bridgetoterabithia.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  25. ^ Swindoll, Jeff (June 17, 2007). "DVD Review: Bridge to Terabithia". Monsters and Critics. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/dvd/reviews/article_1318695.php. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  26. ^ a b Puig, Claudia (March 4, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia holds up well enough". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/reviews/2007-02-15-terabithia_x.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  27. ^ "Bridge to Terabithia (2007)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/bridge_to_terabithia/. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  28. ^ "Bridge to Terabithia". Metacritic. http://www.metacritic.com/film/titles/bridgetoterabithia. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  29. ^ Berardinelli, James (2007). "Review: Bridge to Terabithia". ReelViews. http://www.reelviews.net/movies/b/bridge_terabithia.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  30. ^ Hornaday, Ann (February 16, 2007). "Bridge: Crossing Into The Heart of Childhood". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/15/AR2007021502089.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  31. ^ Di Nunzio, Miriam (February 16, 2007). "Imagination triumphs in Bridge to Terabithia". Chicago Sun-Times. http://www.suntimes.com/entertainment/movies/258783,WKP-News-bridge16.article. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  32. ^ Morgenstern, Joe (February 16, 2007). "Film Review". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/public/article_print/SB117158480724710454.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. [dead link]
  33. ^ Kirschling, Gregory (February 14, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia (2007)". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20011869,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  34. ^ Olson, Dale. "The Saturn Awards (Presented by The Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films)". Saturn Award. http://72.14.235.132/search?q=cache:lGpQqdO23vgJ:www.saturnawards.org/nom_34.doc+bridge+to+terabithia+Josh+Hutcherson+saturn+award&cd=3&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=au&client=firefox-a. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  35. ^ "Into the Wild leads Critics' Choice nominations". USA Today. December 11, 2007. http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/movieawards/2007-12-11-critics-choice-awards_N.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  36. ^ "29th Annual Young Artist Awards – Nominations/Special Awards". Young Artist Award. Archived from the original on July 06, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080706161000/http://www.youngartistawards.org/noms29.html. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Bridge to Terabithia is a 2007 film. Directed by Gabor Csupo. Based on the Katherine Paterson novel.

Contents

Leslie Burke

  • Just close your eyes and keep your mind wide open.
  • We rule Terabithia, and nothing crushes us!
  • You are who you are, not your parents.
  • [Jesse tries to hand Leslie the fake letter to Janice Avery] You have to write. Boy’s handwriting sucks. No offense.
  • [seeing Jesse smiling at Ms. Edmonds, bends down] Take a picture. Lasts longer.
  • [on the ride back from church, about Christianity] You're made to believe it and you hate it, I don't have to believe it and I think it's beautiful.

Jesse Aarons

  • I have four sisters. And I'd trade them all in for a good dog.
  • What's so great about being serious all the time anyway?
  • (Leslie has just died and Jesse father tries to comfort Jesse) Is it like The Bible says? Is she going to Hell?

Other

  • Mrs. Myers: If any of you try to download this essay, you will be downloaded into detention.
  • Leslie Burke, May Belle Aarons, Little Kids: [chanting] Free the pee! Free the pee! Free the pee!
  • Bill Burke: She loved you, you know that?
  • Bill Burke: Far and away the best prize that life has to offer is the chance to work hard at work worth doing - Teddy Roosevelt said that, not me.
  • Jack Aarons: She brought you something special when she came here, didn't she? That's what you hold on to. That's how you keep her alive.
  • May Belle Aarons: (To Leslie) If you don't believe in the bible, God'll damn you to hell when you die!

Dialogue

Scott Hoager: So I guess you're the fastest kid in school now, huh?
[Jesse makes a fist at him]
Scott Hoager: It was just a joke, dude!
[punches him hard into a wall]
Scott Hoager: Are you nuts?

Jesse: That's what Leslie Burke says, she told me to keep my mind wide open.
Ms. Edmonds: Leslie Burke is right. With a mind like yours wide open, you could create a whole new world.

Leslie: I don't think God goes around damning people to hell.
Jesse: Why not?
Leslie: Because He's too busy running all this!

Leslie: My dad says that TV kills your brain cells.
Scott Hoager:Your dad doesn't know any thing .We watch TV, like every day!
Leslie: I rest my case.

Jesse: [crying] Is it like bible says? Is she going to hell?
Jack Aarons: [shakes head] I don’t know everything about God.But I do know he’s not goanna sent the little girl to hell.
Jesse: [sobs] Then I'm going to hell because it's all my fault!

Jesse: It's just that you're a good builder... for a girl.
Leslie: Yeah, well you're a good at art... for a boy!


Simple English

Bridge to Terabithia
Directed by Gábor Csupó
Produced by David Paterson
Lauren Levine
Hal Lieberman
Written by Katherine Paterson (book)
David L. Paterson
Jeff Stockwell
Starring Josh Hutcherson
AnnaSophia Robb
Robert Patrick
Zooey Deschanel
Bailee Madison
Music by Aaron Zigman
Cinematography Michael Chapman
Editing by John Gilbert
Distributed by Walt Disney Pictures (USA)
Summit Entertainment (international sales)
Paramount Pictures (Latin America)
Icon Productions (UK)
Release date(s) February 16, 2007
Running time 96 minutes
Country United States
New Zealand
Language English
Budget $20,000,000
Gross revenue $137,587,063[1]

Bridge to Terabithia is a fantasy film. It was released in 2007. The director of the film was Gábor Csupó. It was adapted for a film by David L. Paterson and Jeff Stockwell. The film is based on the Katherine Paterson novel of the same name. Walt Disney Pictures distributed the film in the U.S.A. Bridge to Terabithia tells the story of two 12-year-old neighbours, Jesse Aarons and Leslie Burke. They spend their free time in an abandoned tree house where they create a fantasy world called Terabithia.

David Paterson, who wrote the screenplay, is Katherine Paterson's son. The novel is based on parts of his childhood. When he asked his mother if he could write a screenplay of the novel, she agreed. This was because he could write plays well. Production of the film began in February 2006. The film was shot by November. It was shot mainly in Auckland, New Zealand within two months. It took ten weeks to edit the film. Post-production, music mixing, and visual effects took many months.

Bridge to Terabithia was released in the U.S.A. and Canada on February 16, 2007. The film was successful in terms of earnings. With a budget of around $20 million, it collected US$137 million worldwide. The film received positive reviews. Critics called it faithful to the children's novel. They said the visuals and performances made the film imaginative. Bridge to Terabithia was nominated for seven awards. It won five of them at the Young Artist Awards.

Contents

Plot

Jesse "Jess" Aarons (Josh Hutcherson) is a fifth grader who wants to be an artist. He lives with his financially poor family in Lark Creek. He rides the bus to school with his little sister, May Belle (Bailee Madison). He avoids the school bully, Janice Avery (Lauren Clinton). In class, his classmates, Scott Hoager (Cameron Wakefield) and Gary Fulcher (Elliot Lawless) tease him. A new student his age named Leslie Burke (AnnaSophia Robb) comes to the school. At recess, Jess enters a running event, for which he had been training at home. Leslie also enters it. She manages to beat all the boys, including Jess. This irritates Jess. While going home, Jess and Leslie learn that they are next-door neighbors.

Later in the evening, Jess becomes angry to find his sister has drawn in his notebook. His strict father (Robert Patrick) sides with her. The next day at school, Leslie praises Jess' drawing ability. This is after she sees his notebook. They soon become best friends. After school, they go into the woods. There, they swing across a creek on a rope. Jess and Leslie find an abandoned tree house and a broken down truck on the other side of the creek. They invent a new world, which they call Terabithia. The fantasy world reflects their lives. It comes to life as they explore the area. For the next few days, Jess and Leslie spend their free time in the tree house and learn about one another.

Leslie gives Jess an art kit for his birthday. This pleases Jess very much. Later, he gives her a puppy. She names it Prince Terrien. Once in Terabithia, they fight with various creatures, including a troll that looks like Janice Avery, the school bully. At school, May Belle shows her friend Alexandra what she has for her snack, Twinkies. Jess tells her that she should not brag about them. At recess, May Belle tells Jess and Leslie that Janice stole her Twinkies. Leslie becomes frustrated by Janice's fee for entering the toilet. Jess and Leslie play a trick on Janice. Everyone laughs at her at the bus for this.

Once Leslie's parents finish writing their book, she and Jess help paint their house. Jess is impressed by her parents' happiness and watches the family. At school on Friday, Leslie hears Janice crying in the bathroom. After Leslie talks with her, she learns that the reason why Janice is a bully is because she is abused by her father. They become friends. Jess and Leslie take Prince Terrein to Terabithia. There they fight off several creatures that look like students at their school. They decide to go home when it starts raining. The creek gets higher than ever due to the rain.

The next morning, Ms. Edmunds (Zooey Deschanel), Jess' music teacher, invites him on a one-on-one field trip to an art museum. Jess tries to ask his mother's permission. As she is half-asleep, he takes her mumbling as approval. Jess does not ask Leslie to come with him. When he returns home, Jess finds that his father and mother are worried. This is because they did not know where he was. His father tells him that Leslie drowned in the river that morning. This happened when Jess went to the museum. Jess is very sad to hear this. He visits the Burke family home with his parents to pay their respects. Leslie's father, Bill Burke (Latham Gaines), tells Jess that she loved him. He thanks him for being a very good friend to her, since she could not make friends at her old school. Jess feels very guilty for Leslie's death. His father consoles him to keep their friendship alive for her sake. Jess decides to re-imagine Terabithia and builds a bridge across the river to welcome a new ruler. He invites his sister, May Belle to enter Terabithia. She is delighted because she was not allowed to enter before. She and Jess make Terabithia even better, with Jess as king and his sister as princess.

Production

Production for the film began in February 2006,[2] with a budget of around $20 million.[3] The main photography for the film was shot in Auckland, New Zealand in sixty days.[3][4] Film editing took ten weeks. Post-production, music mixing, and visual effects took a few months. The film was finished by November 2006. This was because the crew "had to rush" to finish it by February 16.[3] The film was directed by Gábor Csupó. Walden Media President Cary Granat first recommended him to direct the film. Csupó had never done a live-action film before. However, he said it "didn't worry Granat in the least".[5] Csupó noted that he was interested in making the film. He "had the ambition to do a live-action film for a long time", but that he "didn't like anything until I read this book". He called the book "beautiful" and said that it "moved [him]".[6] The cinematographer of Bridge to Terabithia was Michael Chapman. This was his final film before he retired. Chapman mentioned in the film's DVD commentary that he retired after the film because he wanted his last film to be a good one. He said: "this is such a beautiful story, and it's exactly the kind of movie I want to do at this time in my life".[7]

Casting

File:Bailee
Gábor Csupó cast Bailee Madison as May Belle Aarons because of her charm and confidence.[3]

Director Csupó stated they had thought of no actors for the film at first. The first actor cast was AnnaSophia Robb as Leslie Burke. Robb wrote Csupó "such a beautiful, heartwarming letter" that showed she loved the book and character. Csupó said Robb was cast for the film because of "her letter, her enthusiasm, and her love of the material". Robb also talked with Lauren Levine, the producer of the film, before casting even began. "[T]heir conversation convinced her that, without a doubt, AnnaSophia was meant for this role," Csupó stated. Levine said "it was just so clear in talking to her about all this fantasy that I was basically talking to Leslie, that she had that same kind of spark and magical presence. She might be physically different from Leslie in the book, but the spirit of Leslie and the spirit of AnnaSophia are nearly identical. It was a match made in heaven."[7] With regard to the character, Robb said "[Leslie]'s one of those people who's just always lit up, who has this glow about her, and no one can bring her down. Leslie's such a lively and energetic character, it was really fun for me to become her."[8]

Levine noted that "looking for Jess was a really tough hunt. We needed someone who could go from an introverted boy in an isolated world to someone who completely taps into his imagination and becomes a confident, brave leader in Terabithia. That's a heck of a range for such a young actor."[7] Josh Hutcherson was not their first choice for the role of Jess Aarons. He was chosen as they "felt the chemistry between AnnaSophia Robb and him".[5] Hutcherson said that he liked the project because of "the real life day-to-day drama as well as the arc of the character Jess".[9]

The filmmakers cast Robert Patrick as Jess' father. He was chosen due to his experience in several films in the past. Patrick explained that he could relate to the plot. He was "constantly creating imaginary worlds as a kid" himself, and that the film reminded him of the place where he grew up. He also said that he agreed to act because it was a film his children could watch.[7]

Bailee Madison was cast as May Belle Aarons. Csupó said they searched for a long time for someone to play her role. She had "such a charm, even before the camera, she was just like a little sweetheart," he said. She was confident, shook hands with everybody and was "totally sweet and perky". Csupó was pleased by her attitude and cast her for the film.[3]

Design and effects

Csupó explained that "it was a very conscious decision from the very beginning that we're not going to overdo the visual effects because of the story's integrity and the book's integrity." There was only a small mention of Jess and Leslie fighting creatures in Terabithia in the book. For this reason, they "tried to do the absolute minimum, which would be required to put it into a movie version".[5]

To design the creatures of Terabithia, Csupó wanted to use "little more artsy, imaginative, fantastical creatures than the typical rendered characters you see in other movies." He was inspired by Terry Gilliam and Ridley Scott. Dima Malanitchev drew the creatures. Csupó helped him in this.[6] Csupó chose Weta Digital render the 3D animation. He "was impressed with their artistic integrity, the teamwork, the [fact that] people were really nice, and also they responded to our designs very positively." Weta modified some of the creature designs. However, they mainly used Csupó's original designs.[6]

100 crew members from Weta worked for the film. Weta was doing the animations when the film was being shot. Weta crew members saw the shooting of all scenes involving these creatures. Weta's Matt Aitken said the process of animation was "split into two steps". First, natural-looking creatures were created based on pencil sketches by Csupó and Malanitchev. Photoshop pictures made by visual effects art director Michael Pangrazio was used for this. The second step was to use the best animation and motion style for the creatures.[2]

Leslie's costumes in the film were designed to look as if the character "might have made some of them herself". They were updated from those described in the book. This was because the descriptions in the book would appear odd now.[10]

Writing

Producer and screenwriter David L. Paterson is the novel's author's son. His name was featured on its dedication page. The story was based on his real life best friend, Lisa Hill. Hill had been struck by lightning. She was killed when they were both eight years old.[11][12] Paterson had asked his mother, Katherine Paterson, if he could write a screenplay of the novel. She agreed "not only because he's [her] son, but also because he's a very good playwright". Paterson found it difficult to market his screenplay. It was mainly because of Leslie's death. "[I]f you can believe this, I did meet with some companies that asked if I could just 'hurt' Leslie a little bit—put her in a light coma and then bring her out".[13]

Paterson said it was very important for him to keep the spirit of the book alive. At the same time, he had to change it from "a novel that takes place mostly in the characters' heads to a dynamic visual medium". Paterson knew that the film had to be about friendship and imagination.[7] He focused "bringing out the emotions of the story." He said he found it difficult to write about Terabithia. This was "because it was too close". He credited fellow screenwriter Jeff Stockwell for recreating Terabithia for the film. "What Jeff was able to do as an outsider who wasn’t so attached to the story was to really let his imagination go free and make up this world in a wonderful way", David said. Csupó said that the two main characters are a little bit older in the film. Csupó claims the movie "deals with so many issues including friendship, and maybe first innocent love, things like that", so it "made more sense" to make the characters older.[5]

Music

The film's musical score was composed by Aaron Zigman. He was hired after Alison Krauss did not compose the music.[14] Zigman said there are similarities between the music he made fro Bridge to Terabithia and the film Flicka. He said: "[...]at times there's a bit of a Celtic influence but not much", but he also went on to say that there was a more modern feel to the music he composed for Bridge to Terabithia. The score he composed for the film is described as "very large" compared to his other work, and Zigman commented that "Aside from the minimalist stuff and coloring that I love to do, I also like big orchestral stuff, and want to do more of that, and this film enabled me to spread my wings out a bit." The official soundtrack for the film was released by Hollywood Records on February 13, 2007.[15]

Release

Promotion

Reviewers criticized the film's advertisement campaign. One critic said the film was actually "grounded in reality far more than in fantasy."[16] Another thought, "far from a computer generated [created] escapist fantasy, this film is an unpretentious [not pretending] and touching tale of preteen companionship and loss".[17]

Distribution

The film premiered at the El Capitan Theatre in Hollywood on February 16, 2007.[18] Paterson, who studied in The Catholic University of America, held a special advance screening of the film for them. This was shown at the AFI Silver Theatre in Silver Spring, Maryland on February 1, 2007.[19] The film opened in the UK on May 4, 2007, and in New Zealand June 7, 2007.[20] The film grossed "a higher-than-expected" $28,536,717 from 2,284 screens. It earned an average of $9,885 per screen.[21] The opening day had collections of $6.3 million.[22] The film has a worldwide gross of US$120 million. It grossed $80 million in the US and Canada.[23]

The DVD and Blu-ray Disc were released on June 19, 2007 in the US. The DVD and Blu-ray version had "Digital Imagination: Bringing Terabithia to Life", "Behind the Book: The Themes of Bridge to Terabithia" It also had "Keep Your Mind Wide Open" music video by Robb, and two audio commentaries. The first was with director Csupó, writer Jeff Stockwell, and producer Hal Lieberman. The second was with producer Lauren Levine and actors Hutcherson and Robb.[24]

Reception

Critical reception

File:AnnaSophia Robb (20050209).jpg
AnnaSophia Robb's portrayal of Leslie was praised; one critic enjoyed her "engaging" performance", and thought "only the story's vibrant young heroine [...] draws us in enough to care".[25]

Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes said 85% of 137 collected reviews for Bridge to Terabithia were positive. The average score was 7.1/10. Critics said the film was "a faithful adaptation of a beloved children's novel and a powerful portrayal of love, loss, and imagination through children's eyes. Dynamic visuals and natural performances further enhance the imaginative film".[26] At Metacritic, the film got 74 out of 100 from 25 reviews. This meant it received "generally favorable reviews".[27]

James Berardinelli of ReelViews called Bridge to Terabithia "easily the best family feature of the early year".[28] Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post praised the script. She said it was "utterly recognizable and authentic", and thought Robb and Hutcherson were "perfectly cast". Hornaday said the final five minutes showed "oversweet sentiment." Viewers would remember the film's "warmth and respect with which it pays homage [respect] to first love," she added.[29] Jessica Grose of The Village Voice praised director Csupó for not showing "cutesy tween [neither a child, nor a teenager] stereotypes." She felt Jess' relationship with his father made Bridge to Terabithia from "a good kids movie to a classic contender".[17] The New York Times' Jeannette Catsoulis believed that the fantasy was kept in the background "to find magic in the everyday", and thought Csupó directed "like someone intimate with the pain of being different, allowing each personality more than a single characteristic". She particularly praised Deschanel and Madison. Catsoulis said the film handled adult topics with "with nuance [cleverly] and sensitivity". Since it was smart and "delicate as a spider web", it was the kind of children's movie "rarely seen nowadays".[16] Miriam di Nunzio of the Chicago Sun-Times praised Hutcherson and Robb's performances. "[T]he film's heart and soul rests on the abilities of its young lead characters to make us really see the world through children's eyes. The dynamic duo of Hutcherson and Robb do not disappoint," she noted.[30]

Not all reviews were positive. Claudia Puig of USA Today said "for a movie about the power of imagination, Bridge to Terabithia is not as clever as you would hope". Puig said it was an average translation of the novel. But the adult characters were too caricatured or exaggerated in the film. The real-life portions of the movie were "derivative and simplistic", but Jess' emotional feelings seemed "powerfully authentic, and this is where the film finds its truth and soul".[25] The Wall Street Journal critic Joe Morgenstern felt the film overused fantasy. The critic added that the "agreeable simplicity in between computer-generated monsters". The young members of the cast were "appealing but unpolished". Morgenstern thought Csupó lacked experience in direction. Although Deschanel was the best among the adults, she seemed self-directed.[31]

Awards and nominations

Bridge to Terabithia was nominated for seven awards. It won five of these. Josh Hutcherson was nominated at the 2008 Saturn Awards for "Best Performance by a Younger Actor".[32] AnnaSophia Robb was nominated for a Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for "Best Young Actress".[33] The film won five awards at the Young Artist Awards. This included "Best Family Feature Film (Fantasy or Musical)" and "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Leading Young Actor" for Hutcherson. Robb won "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Leading Young Actress", and Bailee Madison won "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Young Actress Age Ten or Younger". The cast also won the award for "Best Performance in a Feature Film – Young Ensemble Cast". The cast included Hutcherson, Robb, Madison, Wakefield, Clinton, Lawless, Isabelle Rose Kircher, Carly Owen, Devon Wood, Emma Fenton and Grace Brannigan.[34]

References

  1. "Bridge to Terabithia". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=bridgetoterabithia.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bennett, Tara DiLullo (February 16, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia: From Imagination to 3D Enchantment". Animation World Network. http://vfxworld.com/?atype=articles&id=3179. Retrieved 2004-04-29. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Movie Jungle Interviews - Bridge to Terabithia Interviews - Gabor Csupo & David Paterson". Movie Jungle. http://www.moviejungle.com/interviews/csupopaterson/. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  4. "Bridge to Terabithia — About the Film". Walden Media. http://www.walden.com/walden/properties/terabithia/about_film.php. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Roberts, Sheila. "Gabor Csupo Interview, Director Bridge to Terabithia". MoviesOnline. http://www.moviesonline.ca/movienews_11264.html. Retrieved 2008-12-02. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Robertson, Barbara (March 2007), [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Imaginary Effects"], Computer Graphics World 30 (3): 43–44 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 "Bridge to Terabithia production notes". http://madeinatlantis.com/movies_central/2007/terabithia_production_details.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  8. Roberts, Sheila. "AnnaSophia Robb Interview, Bridge to Terabithia". MoviesOnline. http://www.moviesonline.ca/movienews_11262.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  9. Savage, David (April 30, 2007). "Josh Hutcherson — the Terabithia Interview!". Popcorn.co.uk. http://www.popcorn.co.uk/page.asp?partid=518. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  10. Paterson, David (2007). Bridge to Terabithia: The Official Movie Companion. HarperCollins. p. 24. ISBN 0-06-121531-7. 
  11. Paterson, Katherine. "Terabithia.com - Katherine Paterson - Questions". Terabithia.com. http://www.terabithia.com/questions.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  12. Kohn, Diana (2004). "Lisa Hill and the Bridge to Terabithia (Internet Archive version)". Takoma Voice. http://web.archive.org/web/20060522104539/http://www.takoma.com/archives/copy/2005/06/features_takomaarchives0605.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  13. Oleck, Joan (February 2007). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Bridge to Terabithia Hits the Big Screen"]. School Library Journal 53 (2): 20. 
  14. Larson, Randall (July 13, 2006). "Zigman hired to compose score for Bridge to Terabithia". Mania.com. http://www.mania.com/zigman-hired-to-compose-score-for-bridge-to-terabithia_article_51697.html. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  15. "SoundtrackNet : Interview - Aaron Zigman". SoundtrackNet. http://www.soundtrack.net/features/article/?id=219. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 Catsoulis, Jeannette (February 16, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia - Transcending Pain, a Friendship Fed on Imagination". The New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/2007/02/16/movies/16tera.html?ref=movies. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 Grose, Jessica (February 6, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia". The Village Voice. http://www.villagevoice.com/2007-02-06/film/bridge-to-terabithia/. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  18. Gow, Mary (January 22, 2007). "Katherine Paterson on the Big Screen". Barre Montpelier Times Argus. http://www.timesargus.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070122/NEWS01/701220355/1002/NEWS01. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  19. "CUA This Week". The Catholic University of America. January 26, 2007. http://thisweek.cua.edu/default.cfm?issue=2007Jan29This%20Week.htm&startdate=01/29/2007. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  20. "Bridge To Terabithia 2007". Yahoo!. http://uk.movies.yahoo.com/b/Bridge-To-Terabithia/index-1885857.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  21. Hamann, John (February 18, 2007). "Weekend Box Office Wrap-Up for February 16 to February 18, 2007". Box Office Prophets. http://www.boxofficeprophets.com/column/index.cfm?columnID=9943. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  22. Briody, Tim (February 17, 2007). "Friday Box Office Analysis". Box Office Prophets. http://www.boxofficeprophets.com/column/index.cfm?columnID=9942. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  23. "Bridge to Terabithia". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=bridgetoterabithia.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  24. Swindoll, Jeff (June 17, 2007). "DVD Review: Bridge to Terabithia". Monsters and Critics. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/dvd/reviews/article_1318695.php. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  25. 25.0 25.1 Puig, Claudia (March 4, 2007). "Bridge to Terabithia holds up well enough". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/reviews/2007-02-15-terabithia_x.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  26. "Bridge to Terabithia (2007)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/bridge_to_terabithia/. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  27. "Bridge to Terabithia". Metacritic. http://www.metacritic.com/film/titles/bridgetoterabithia. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  28. Berardinelli, James (2007). "Review: Bridge to Terabithia". ReelViews. http://www.reelviews.net/movies/b/bridge_terabithia.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  29. Hornaday, Ann (February 16, 2007). "Bridge: Crossing Into The Heart of Childhood". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/15/AR2007021502089.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  30. Di Nunzio, Miriam (February 16, 2007). "Imagination triumphs in Bridge to Terabithia". Chicago Sun-Times. http://www.suntimes.com/entertainment/movies/258783,WKP-News-bridge16.article. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  31. Morgenstern, Joe (February 16, 2007). "Film Review". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/public/article_print/SB117158480724710454.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  32. Olson, Dale. "The Saturn Awards (Presented by The Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films)". Saturn Award. http://72.14.235.132/search?q=cache:lGpQqdO23vgJ:www.saturnawards.org/nom_34.doc+bridge+to+terabithia+Josh+Hutcherson+saturn+award&cd=3&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=au&client=firefox-a. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  33. "Into the Wild leads Critics' Choice nominations". USA Today. December 11, 2007. http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/movieawards/2007-12-11-critics-choice-awards_N.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  34. "29th Annual Young Artist Awards – Nominations/Special Awards". Young Artist Award. http://www.youngartistawards.org/noms29.html. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 

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