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Brigitte Helm
Born Brigitte Eva Gisela Schittenhelm
March 17, 1908(1908-03-17)
Berlin, Germany
Died June 11, 1996 (aged 88)
Ascona, Switzerland
Occupation Actress
Years active 1927 - 1936
Spouse(s) Rudolf Weissbach (19??-19??
Dr. Hugo von Kuenheim (1935 - 19??; 4 children)

Brigitte Eva Gisela Schittenhelm (born March 17, 1908, Berlin, Germany – died June 11, 1996, Ascona, Switzerland) was a German actress, best-remembered for her dual role as Maria and her double, the Maschinenmensch, in Fritz Lang's 1927 masterpiece silent film, Metropolis. Helm was still a teenager when she essayed the role. After Metropolis, which was her second film, Helm made over 30 other films, including talking pictures, before retiring in 1936.

Her other appearances film include The Love of Jeanne Ney (1927), Alraune (1928), L'Argent (1928), Gloria (1931), The Blue Danube (1932), L'Atlantide (1932), and Gold (1934).

In 1935, angered by Nazi control of the German film industry, she moved to Switzerland where she later had 4 children with her second husband Dr. Hugo von Kuenheim, an industrialist.

After her retirement from films she refused to grant any interviews concerning her film career. Helm was considered for the title role in Bride of Frankenstein before Elsa Lanchester was given the role.[1]


  1. ^ Curtis, pp. 243–44


  • Curtis, James (1998). James Whale: A New World of Gods and Monsters. Boston, Faber and Faber. ISBN 0571192858.

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