Brindisi: Wikis

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Brindisi
—  Comune  —
Comune di Brindisi
The Roman column marking the end of the ancient Via Appia in Brindisi.

Coat of arms
Brindisi is located in Italy
Brindisi
Location of Brindisi in Italy
Coordinates: 40°38′N 17°56′E / 40.633°N 17.933°E / 40.633; 17.933Coordinates: 40°38′N 17°56′E / 40.633°N 17.933°E / 40.633; 17.933
Country Italy
Region Puglia
Province Brindisi (BR)
Frazioni Tuturano
Government
 - Mayor Domenico Mennitti
Area
 - Total 328 km2 (126.6 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (30 November 2008)
 - Total 89,696
 Density 273.5/km2 (708.3/sq mi)
 - Demonym Brindisini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 72100
Dialing code 0831
Patron saint St. Theodore of Amasea and St. Lawrence of Brindisi
Saint day First Sunday of September
Website Official website

Brindisi About this sound listen (Greek: Brentesion, Βρεντήσιον or Brindesion, Βρινδήσιον; Latin: Brundisium; Messapian: Brention) is an ancient city in the Apulia region of Italy, the capital of the province of Brindisi, off the coast of the Adriatic Sea.

Contents

History

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Ancient times

Ancient map of Brindisi by Piri Reis.

There are several traditions concerning its founders; one of them claims that it was founded by the legendary hero Diomedes.

Brindisi was an Ancient Greek settlement predating the Roman expansion. The Latin name Brundisium comes from the Greek Brentesion (Βρεντήσιον) meaning "deer's head", which refers to the shape of the natural harbor. In 267 BCE (245 BCE, according to other sources) it was conquered by the Romans.[1] After the Punic Wars it became a major center of Roman naval power and maritime trade. In the Social War it received Roman citizenship, and was made a free port by Sulla. It suffered, however, from a siege conducted by Caesar in 49 BCE (Bell. Civ. i.) and was again attacked in 42 and 40 BCE.

The poet Pacuvius was born here about 220 BCE, and here the famous poet Virgil died in 19 BCE. Under the Romans, Brundisium - a large city in its day with some 100,000 inhabitants - was an active port, the chief point of embarkation for Greece and the East, via Dyrrachium or Corcyra. It was connected with Rome by the Via Appia and the Via Traiana.

Middle Ages and modern times

Church of S. Giovanni al Sepolcro.
Brindisi Cathedral.

Later Brindisi was conquered by Ostrogoths, and reconquered by the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century CE. In 674 it was destroyed by the Lombards led by Romuald I of Benevento, but such a fine natural harbor meant that the city was soon rebuilt. In the 9th century, a Saracen settlement existed in the neighborhood of the city, which had been stormed in 836 by pirates. Again a Byzantine possession, it was captured by the Normans in 1070, and subsequently became part of the Kingdom of Naples under its various dynasties. Like other Pugliese ports, Brindisi for a short while was ruled by Venice, but was soon reconquered by Spain.

A plague and an earthquake struck the city, in 1348 and 1456.

Brindisi fell to Austrian rule in 1707-1734, and afterwards to the Bourbons. Between September 1943 and February 1944 the city functioned as the temporary capital of Italy.

Brindisi is also noteworthy because it hosted King Vittorio Emanuele III, Pietro Badoglio and a part of the Italian armed forces command in September 1943 after the armistice with Italy.

In the 21st century, Brindisi serves as the home base of the San Marco Regiment, a naval brigade originally known as the La Marina Regiment. It was renamed San Marco after its noted defense of Venice at the start of World War I.[2]

Main sights

  • The Castello Svevo or Castello Grande ("Hohenstaufen Castle" or "Large Castle"), built by emperor Frederick II. It has a trapezoid plan with massive square towers. The Aragonese added four towers to the original 13th century structure. After centuries of being abandon, in 1813 Joachim Murat turned it into a penitentiary; after 1909 it is used by the Italian Navy. During World War II, it was briefly the residence of King Victor Emmanuel III.
  • The Aragonese Castle, best known as Forte a Mare ("Sea Fort"). It was built by King Ferdinand I of Naples in 1491 on the S. Andrea island facing the port. It is divided into two section: the "Red Castle" (from the color of its bricks) and the more recent Fort.
  • Two ancient Roman columns, symbols of Brindisi. They were once thought to be mark the ending points of the Appian Way, instead they were used as a port reference for the antique mariners. Only one of the two, standing at 18.74 m, is now visible. The other crumbled in 1582, and the ruins was given to Lecce to hold the statue of Saint Oronzo (Lecce's patron) , because Saint Oronzo was reputed to have cured the plague in Brindisi.
  • the Duomo (Cathedral), built in Romanesque style in the 11th-12th centuries. What is visible today is the 18th century reconstruction, after the original was desotryed by an earthquake on February 20, 1743. Parts of the original mosaic pavement can be seen in the interior.
  • Church of Santa Maria del Casale (c. 1300), in Gothic-Romanesque style. The notable façade has a geometrical pattern of gray and yellow stones, with an entrance cusp-covered portico. The interior has notable early-14th century frescoes.
  • Portico of the Templars (13th century). Despite the name, it was in reality the loggia of the bishop's palace. It is now the entrance to the Museo Ribezzo.
  • the Fontana Grande (Grand Fountain), built by the Romans on the Appian Way. It was restored in 1192 by Tancred of Lecce.
  • Piazza della Vittoria (Victory Square). It has a 17th century fountain.
  • Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli (1609).
  • Church of the Holy Heart.
  • Church of San Giovanni al Sepolcro, with circular plan, dating from the 12th century.
  • Church of the Santissima Trinità (or Santa Lucia, 14th century). It has a late 12th century crypt.
  • Natural preserve of Torre Guaceto
  • the Monument to Italian Sailors
Brindisi harbour

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Brindisi is twinned with:

Transportation

Brindisi is home to the Papola-Casale Airport, located 6 km outside the city's center. Brindisi is also a major ferry port, with routes to Greece and elsewhere.[4]

See also

External links

References

Notes


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Brindisi [1] is a city in the South of Italy, right down in the "heel of the boot" in the region of Apulia (Puglia).

By Plane

Brindisi airport (IATA: BDS) is served by Air Berlin, TuiFly, My Air, Alpi Eagles, Alitalia, AirOne and Ryanair

By Boat

Apart from being a ferry port to and from Corfu, Greece, Brindisi is also home to the United Nations logistics base (UNLB). The base is providing resources logistic support, telecommunications and training opportunity for all peacekeeping operations around the world.

There is also a ferry from Brindisi to Vlore, Albania which is operated by Skenderbeg Lines.

Get around

By Ferry

For Ferry services from Brindisi to Greece [Corfu, Igoumenitsa, Cephalonia, Zante, Patras] and Turkey (Cesme) Visit www.Ferries.gr and search through all ferry schedules to/from Brindisi.

Brindisi to Vlora, Red Star Ferry line. Visit http://www.redstarferry.com

If you have not bought the ferry ticket online, you can buy it from an office very close to the train station (exact address required). They will also give you a map to find the embarkation place for ferries. Remember to show your EU-rail pass, if you have any, to get a discount. They will also call Youth Hostel to pick you up if you arrive in the morning and want to leave in the afternoon or you want to stay over the night.

See<3

The Brindisi Turkey Farm! Ive been there very good!

  • Masseria Incantalupi Strada Provinciale, 7 Vecchia Monopoli - 72100 - tel:+39 0831.555990, fax: +39 0831.981048 [2]. Farmhouse accommodation near Brindisi with pool, horse riding center and organic food production.
  • The Youth Hostel picks you up from the train station and drops you in the ferry embarkation place for free. You can have day-time beds as well for a very reasonable price. The staff are very friendly and helpful. Address: Via Nicola, Brandi N.2, Tel: +39 338 323 5545.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BRINDISI (anc. Brundisiuni, q.v.), a seaport town and archiepiscopal see of Apulia, Italy, in the province of Lecce, 24 m. N.W. by rail from the town of Lecce, and 346 m. from Ancona. Pop. (1861) 8000; (1871) 13,755; (1901) 25,317. The chief importance of Brindisi is due to its position as a starting-point for the East. The inner harbour, admirably sheltered and 27 to 30 ft. in depth, allows ocean steamers to lie at the quays. Brindisi has, however, been abandoned by the large steamers of the Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company, which had called there since 1870, but since 1898 call at Marseilles instead; small express boats, carrying the mails, still leave every week, connecting with the larger steamers at Port Said; but the number of passengers leaving the port, which for the years 1893-1897 averaged 14,728, was only 7608 in 1905, and only 943 of these were carried by the P. & O. boats. The harbour railway station was not completed until 1905 (Consular Report, No. 3672, 1906, pp. 13 sqq.). The port was cleared in 1905 by 1492 vessels of 1,486,269 tons. The imports represented a value of £629,892 and the exports a value of £663,201 - an increase of £84,077 and £57,807 respectively on the figures of the previous year, while in 1899 the amounts, which were below the average, were only £298,400 and £ 253,000. The main imports are coal, flour, sulphur, timber and metals; and the main exports, wine and spirits, oil and dried fruits.

Frederick II. erected a castle, with huge round towers, to guard the inner harbour; it is now a convict prison. The cathedral, ruined by earthquakes, was restored in 1743-1749, but has some remains of its mosaic pavement (1178). The baptismal church of S. Giovanni al Sepolcro (Ilth century) is now a museum. The town was captured in 836 by the Saracens, and destroyed by them; but was rebuilt in the 11th century by Lupus the protospatharius, Byzantine governor. In 1071 it fell into the hands of the Normans, and frequently appears in the history of the Crusades. Early in the 14th century the inner port was blocked by Giovanni Orsini, prince of Taranto; the town was devastated by pestilence in 1348, and was plundered in 1352 and 1383; but even greater damage was done by the earthquake of 1456. (T. As.)


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also brindisi

Contents

English

Proper noun

Brindisi

  1. Province of Apulia, Italy.
  2. Town, port and capital of Brindisi.
  3. (common noun) A drinking song.

Translations

  • Bulgarian: Бриндиси (1,2)
  • French: Brindisi (1, 2)
  • Italian: Brindisi (1) , Brindisi (2) f.

Italian

Proper noun

Brindisi

  1. Brindisi (province)
  2. Brindisi (town)

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