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City of Brisbane
—  City  —
Downtown Brisbane
Nickname(s): City of Stars
Location in San Mateo County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°40′51″N 122°25′09″W / 37.68083°N 122.41917°W / 37.68083; -122.41917Coordinates: 37°40′51″N 122°25′09″W / 37.68083°N 122.41917°W / 37.68083; -122.41917
Country United States
State California
County San Mateo
Incorporated November 27, 1961
Government
 - Mayor A. Sepi Richardson
 - City Manager Clayton Holstine
Area
 - Total 20.44 sq mi (52.33 km2)
 - Land 3.44 sq mi (8.81 km2)
 - Water 17.00 sq mi (43.52 km2)  83.1%
Elevation 108 ft (33 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 3,597
 - Density 1,045.64/sq mi (408.29/km2)
  United States Census Bureau
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 94005
Area code(s) 415
FIPS code 06-08310
GNIS feature ID 1658137
Website http://www.ci.brisbane.ca.us
Brisbane City Hall

Brisbane (pronounced /ˈbrɪz.beɪn/) is a small city located in the northern part of San Mateo County, California on the lower slopes of San Bruno Mountain. It is on the northeastern edge of South San Francisco, next to the San Francisco Bay and near the San Francisco International Airport.

The population was 3,597 as of the 2000 census.

Brisbane is called "The City of Stars" because of a holiday tradition established over 65 years ago. At the start of the Christmas/Hanukkah season, many residents and business owners place large, illuminated stars, some as big as 10 feet (3.0 m) or more in diameter, on the "downhill" sides of homes and offices throughout Brisbane. As Brisbane is built on the eastern slope of San Bruno Mountain, visitors and residents entering at night are treated to a star-studded mountain vista. Many of the stars are kept up all year.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.5 square miles (53.2 km²), of which, 3.3 square miles (8.6 km²) of it is land and 17.2 square miles (44.6 km²) of it (83.83%) is water.

History

The first inhabitants were the Costanoan Indians. They built dome-shaped dwellings of boughs and tules. By 1776, Spanish explorers had arrived and the Franciscan missionaries soon followed leaving numerous large land grants in their wake. With Mexican rule, the lands controlled by the Mission were released to private enterprise.

Brisbane was originally part of Rancho Canada de Guadalupe la Visitacion y Rodeo Viejo, a large tract of land that also included the Bayshore district of Daly City, the Visitacion Valley district of San Francisco, and San Bruno Mountain. Visitacion City, as it was initially known, was platted in 1908[1] adjacent to a new rail line that had been completed in 1907 to the east of the town site. The Southern Pacific Railroad built the new line to create a faster and more direct route into San Francisco. The railroad also planned to build extensive terminal facilities just north of the town site.[2] The Visitacion Valley rail yard and locomotive works were expected to employ over 1,000 workers, but construction was halted soon after it began due to the Panic of 1907.[3] The town site remained largely undeveloped for many years.[1] The railroad resumed construction of the yard and shops during World War I, and the facilities were completed by 1918.[4]

In the 1920s Arthur Annis,[5] who many describe as the "Daddy" of Brisbane, arrived. He proposed the name change from Visitacion City to Brisbane. Annis regarded the name Visitacion City as a handicap "being so close to a San Francisco city district with a similar name", a situation he felt would confuse people and would prevent "Brisbane" from establishing its own unique identity. Accounts of how the city acquired its name vary. According to his daughter, the city was named for Brisbane, Australia,[6] perhaps due to the areas resemblance to that port city at the time.[7] Another story holds that it was named for newspaper columnist Arthur Brisbane.[8]

In the 1930s, the city was home to several slaughterhouses. Animals kept at the nearby Cow Palace were butchered in Brisbane. The meat was loaded onto railway cars in Brisbane for transport.

Demographics

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,597 people, 1,620 households, and 850 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,083.6 people per square mile (418.3/km²). There were 1,831 housing units at an average density of 551.6/sq mi (212.9/km²). There were 1,620 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.5% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.7% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 37.5% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,684, and the median income for a family was $81,484. Males had a median income of $51,270 versus $48,684 for females. The per capita income for the city was $37,162. About 2.4% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Brisbane is located in the 8th Senate District, represented by Democrat Leland Yee, and in the 19th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill. Federally, Brisbane is located in California's 12th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +22[10] and is currently represented by Jackie Speier.

Economy

Brisbane's economy is dominated by office parks at Sierra Point and an industrial park around the Valley Drive corridor. The population of Brisbane doubles during the work day as such facilities fill up with commuters. Some of the larger office tenants in Brisbane are IGN, Hitachi, Dolby, WalMart.com, Tercica, CoTherix, Sing Tao, and Intermune. Monster Cable Products and bebe stores (traditionally spelled in lowercase) are headquartered in Brisbane on Valley Drive. The Sierra Point office park area is home to a number of well-known class A office buildings like the Dakin Building.[11]

The 659-acre Brisbane Baylands project is expected to more than double the existing employment base of the City by providing new office, research & development, retail, hotel and other land uses that are accessible by a proposed multi-model transit station (Caltrain, Muni T-Third light rail and proposed Bus Rapid Transit). [12 ]

Sister cities

Brisbane has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Whale rescue

In 1989, north of Sierra Point Humphrey the whale was beached on a mudflat after an anomalous journey into the San Francisco Bay. His exciting rescue was filmed for national TV and witnessed by hundreds of onlookers from the upper floors of the Dakin Building. The rescue was carried out by staff of The Marine Mammal Center and United States Coast Guard.

References

  1. ^ a b City of Brisbane - City History Chapter 1; http://www.ci.brisbane.ca.us/html/about/spirit/chapter1.asp
  2. ^ San Francisco Morning Call; January 14, 1907
  3. ^ "Vast Railroad Shops Building at Visitacion," San Francisco Chronicle; July 7, 1917
  4. ^ "Vast Railroad Shops Building at Visitacion," San Francisco Chronicle; July 7, 1917
  5. ^ Note - some sources spell the name as Arthur Ennis.
  6. ^ Which was named after Sir Thomas Brisbane a Governor of New South Wales and astronomer. The Brisbane crater on the Moon was also named after Sir Thomas Brisbane.
  7. ^ City of Brisbane - City History Chapter 2; http://www.ci.brisbane.ca.us/html/about/spirit/chapter2.asp A few sources state that Annis live for a short time in Brisbane Australia.
  8. ^ Gateway to the Peninsula by Samuel C. Chandler, Daly City, CA: The City of Daly City, 1973. Chapter 28: "Brisbane".
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  10. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10.  
  11. ^ Judges praise innovative ideas, San Francisco Examiner, Page F-6, January 12, 1992
  12. ^ Brisbane Baylands Project Site; http://brisbanebaylands.com

External links

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