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British Army
Flag of the British Army.svg

Active 1661 - present
Country United Kingdom
Allegiance Queen Elizabeth II
Type Army
Size 150,240 Active personel [1] 206,670 Reserve personel [2]
Part of Ministry of Defence
Patron Monarch
Commanders
Chief of the General Staff Gen. Sir David Richards KCB CBE DSO
Aircraft flown
Attack Apache AH1
Patrol Lynx
Reconnaissance Gazelle AH1, Islander AL1
Trainer Eurocopter Squirrel AS350BB, Slingsby T-67 Firefly
Transport Bell 212HP, Lynx, Agusta A109A, Islander AL1
.The British Army is the land armed forces branch of Her Majesty's Armed Forces in the United Kingdom.^ Army Pictures of the British Army, land forces and army weapons .
  • British Military - Military Pictures - Air Force Army Navy Missiles Defense 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.defencetalk.com [Source type: News]

^ British Army The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces.
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^ The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the armed forces of the United Kingdom.
  • Category:British Army - Wikimedia Commons 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC commons.wikimedia.org [Source type: Reference]

.It came into being with the unification of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. The new British Army incorporated Regiments that had already existed in England and Scotland and was administered by the War Office from London.^ The new British Army incorporated Regiments that had already existed in England and Scotland and was controlled by the War Office from London.
  • British Army Video Showcase 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It came into being with unification of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.
  • British Army Video Showcase 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It came into being with unification of the governments and armed forces of England and Scotland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

It has been managed by the Ministry of Defence since 1963.
.The British Army consists of 114,240 regular soldiers (which includes 3,760 Gurkhas)[1] plus 35,500 Territorial Army soldiers, giving it a total of around 150,240 soldiers in November 2009. The British Army is the second largest army in the European Union, second only to the French Army.^ Copyright 2009 British Army Officer .
  • Become A British Army Officer | Pass The Army Officer Selection Process 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.britisharmyofficer.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The professional British Army has also been referred to as the Regular Army since the creation of the Territorial Army .
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^ Strength of the Regular Army (mid 2009) .
  • British Army - a1a3 - Statistics - British Army Manpower Strength and Deployment - Regular Army - Territorial Army - Armed Forces 25 September 2009 8:18 UTC www.armedforces.co.uk [Source type: Reference]

.The full-time element of the British Army has also been referred to as the Regular Army since the creation of the reservist Territorial Force in 1908. The British Army is deployed in many of the world's war zones as part of both Expeditionary Forces and in United Nations Peacekeeping forces.^ The British Army was deployed to Yugoslavia in 1992.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ The full-time element of the British Army has also been referred to as the Regular Army since the creation of the reservist Territorial Army in 1908.
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^ The professional British Army has also been referred to as the Regular Army since the creation of the Territorial Army .
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.The British Army is currently deployed in Kosovo, Cyprus, Germany, Afghanistan and many other places.^ The British Army was deployed to Yugoslavia in 1992.
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^ British Army // Current login .
  • British Army // Current 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC current.com [Source type: News]

^ British Army - Current deployments.

.In contrast to the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and Royal Air Force, the British Army does not include Royal in its title.^ British Royal Navy uniforms and Gear .
  • Welcome To Replicaters.com 25 September 2009 8:18 UTC www.replicaters.com [Source type: General]

^ In contrast to the Royal Navy , Royal Marines and Royal Air Force , the British Army does not include "Royal" in its title, because of its roots as a collection of disparate units, many of which do bear the "Royal" prefix, such as the Royal Artillery and the Royal Engineers .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ British Royal Navy uniforms and Gear .

.This is because, historically, British Armies comprised individually raised regiments and corps.^ The Corps of Infantry includes all of the famous infantry regiments of the British Army.

^ British Army's Infantry is comprised of 55 battalions of Infantry , from 32 Regiments .
  • British Army - Factbites 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.factbites.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British Army Regiments instead they would their companies after psalms or biblical phrases were often identified with the gentleman (typically the rank of Colonel ) who had raised the company eg Monck 's Regiment of Foot.
  • British Army - Factbites 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.factbites.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The position of the British Army as the Army of Parliament and not the Crown was confirmed by the Bill of Rights of 1689 requiring Parliamentary Authority to maintain a standing army in peacetime.^ After the Glorious Revolution (1688–89), the English Bill of Rights (1689) gave Parliament the control of the army that it maintains today.
  • British army -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Dressed in their finest uniforms, American officers and senior NCOs attended a British Army Regimental dinner and viewed the jeweled crowns from Queen Elizabeth's coronation.
  • 36th Infantry Division trains with British Army counterparts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.blackanthem.com [Source type: General]

^ The British Army, comprising regular English, Scottish and Welsh regiments and the locally-recruited RIR, maintains a massive garrison across the Six Counties.
  • The British Military Garrison in Ireland - British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.sinnfein.org [Source type: Reference]

.Nevertheless, many of its constituent Regiments and Corps have been granted the "Royal" prefix and have members of the Royal Family occupying senior positions within some regiments.^ In contrast to the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and Royal Air Force, the British Army does not include "Royal" in its title, instead many of its constituent Regiments and Corps are styled Royal.
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^ Staff Sergeant: A senior non-commissioned officer rank appointed to assist in performing special duties, trades, or controls within a regiment.
  • Glossary-British and Indian Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.members.dca.net [Source type: Reference]

^ Royal Highlanders The 1st Battalion of the 73rd Regiment landed in Sydney on 1 January 1810 and took over duties from the New South Wales Corps (102nd Regiment).
  • The British Army in Australia 1788 to 1870 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.diggerhistory.info [Source type: General]

.The professional head of the British Army is the Chief of the General Staff, currently Sir David Richards KCB CBE DSO.^ Promoted to Army Vice Chief of Staff.
  • The Captain's Journal » British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.captainsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These extracts taken from ‘ AND WE SHALL SHOCK THEM - The British Army in the Second World War ’ by David Fraser.
  • Roll of Honour - Overview - Divisions of the British Army 1939-1945 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.roll-of-honour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another reason for the success of the British Army in small wars has been Britain's almost exclusive reliance on professional soldiers instead of draftees.
  • The U.S. Army Professional Writing Collection 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.army.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

History

The Duke of Marlborough was one of the first generals in the British Army, fighting campaigns in the War of the Spanish Succession.
.The British Army came into being with the merger of the Scottish Army and the English Army, following the unification of the two countries' parliaments and the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. The new British Army incorporated existing English and Scottish regiments, and was controlled from London.^ British burn New London.
  • Revolutionary War Timeline 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It came into being with unification of the governments and armed forces of England and Scotland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.
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^ Napier - History of the War in Peninsula 1807-1814 p 21) The British army came into being with the merger of the Scottish Army and the English Army, following the unification of the two countries' parliaments and the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.From about 1763, the United Kingdom has been one of the leading military and economic powers of the world.^ From roughly 1763 until at least 1945, the United Kingdom was one of the leading military and economic powers of the world.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ An insider's account of one of the world's most elite military units.
  • British Forces SAS British Army Special Air Service 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ From roughly 1763 until at least 1945, the United Kingdom was one of the major military and economic powers of the world.
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.The British Empire expanded in this time to include colonies, protectorates, and Dominions throughout the Americas, Africa, Asia and Australasia.^ The British Empire expanded in this time to include colonies, protectorate s, and Dominion s throughout the Americas , Africa , Asia and Australasia .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ The British Empire expanded in this time to include colonies, protectorates, and Dominions throughout the Americas, Africa, Asia and Australasia.
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^ The British Empire expanded in this time to include colonies , protectorates, and Dominion s throughout the Americas , Africa , Asia and Australasia .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

.Although the Royal Navy is widely regarded as having been vital for the rise of the British Empire, and British dominance of the world, the British Army played an important role in colonisation.^ British Royal Navy uniforms and Gear .

^ Although the Royal Navy is widely regarded as having been vital for the rise of Empire, and British dominance of the world, the British Army played important roles in colonisation.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ In 2300 the RAEC has a vital role to play.

.Typical tasks included garrisoning the colonies, capturing strategically important territories, and participating in actions to pacify colonial borders, provide support to allied governments, suppress Britain's rivals, and protect against foreign powers and hostile natives.^ First, the British Army including garrison ing the colonies, capturing strategically important territories and participating in actions to pacify colonial borders, support allied governments, suppress Britain's rivals, and protect against foreign powers and hostile natives.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ First, the British Army including garrisoning the colonies, capturing strategically important territories and participating in actions to pacify colonial borders, support allied governments, suppress Britain's rivals, and protect against foreign powers and hostile natives.
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^ The team is located in Helmand at Camp Bastion and the Task Force Headquarters and works to support the coalition forces together with the other government departments such as the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Department for International Development.
  • Helmand Blog - Afghanistan: Birth of Afghan army is British exit strategy 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC helmandblog.blogspot.com [Source type: News]

The death of General Wolfe during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham; the campaigns of the French and Indian War resulted in British control of modern Canada.
.British troops also helped capture strategically important territories, allowing their empire to expand throughout the globe.^ Second, the troops also helped capture strategically important territories for the British, allowing the British Empire to expand throughout the globe.
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^ Although the Royal Navy is widely regarded as having been vital for the rise of Empire, and British dominance of the world, the British Army played important roles in colonisation.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ First, the British Army including garrison ing the colonies, capturing strategically important territories and participating in actions to pacify colonial borders, support allied governments, suppress Britain's rivals, and protect against foreign powers and hostile natives.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.The army also involved itself in numerous wars meant to pacify the borders, or to prop-up friendly governments, and thereby keep other, competitive, empires away from the British Empire's borders.^ The Army also involved itself in numerous wars meant to pacify the borders, or to prop-up friendly governments, and thereby keep other, competitive, empires away from the British Empire's borders.
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^ As had its predecessor, the English Army, in building the Empire, the British Army fought Spain , France , and the Netherlands for supremacy in North America and the West Indies.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ Army Recruitment in Northern Ireland revealed that 16% of all those enlisting since April were from south of the border - up from the 10.5% recorded in the previous year.
  • Irish recruits flock to join British Army - Local & National, News - Belfasttelegraph.co.uk 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Among these actions were the Seven Years' War, the American Revolutionary War, the Napoleonic Wars, the First and Second Opium Wars, the Boxer Rebellion, the New Zealand land wars, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the First and Second Boer Wars, the Fenian raids, the Irish War of Independence, its serial interventions into Afghanistan (which were meant to maintain a friendly buffer state between British India and the Russian Empire), and the Crimean War (to keep the Russian Empire at a safe distance by coming to Turkey's aid).^ Notable amongst these were its serial interventions into Afghanistan , which were meant to maintain a friendly buffer state between British India and the Russian Empire .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Keeping the Russian Empire at a safe distance was also one of Britain's motivations for coming to Turkey's aid in the Crimean War .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Among these actions were the Seven Years' War , the American War of Independence, the Napoleonic Wars , the First and Second Opium War s, the Boxer Rebellion , the New Zealand Wars , the Indian Mutiny, the First and Second Boer War s, the Fenian raids , the Anglo-Irish War , its serial interventions into Afghanistan (which were meant to maintain a friendly buffer state between British India and the Russian Empire), and the Crimean War (to keep the Russian Empire at a safe distance by coming to Turkey's aid).
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.As had its predecessor, the English Army, the British Army fought Spain, France, and the Netherlands for supremacy in North America and the West Indies.^ Taliban in the Swat area in North-West Frontier Province are regrouping after being pushed back by the army this year.
  • Waziristan: campaigning in the past and soon? - Small Wars Council 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC council.smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ North West Frontier The main "conventional" warfare task of the Indian Army was to prevent an invasion of 3 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia India via Afghanistan.
  • British_Indian_Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The undying hope of the British Government that its army could subsist locally in America stemmed, in part, from the success the British had during the Seven Years' War (known in North America as the French and Indian War) from 1756 to 1763.
  • Logistics and the British Defeat in the Revolutionary War 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.almc.army.mil [Source type: Original source]

.With native and provincial assistance, the Army conquered New France in the Seven Years' War and subsequently suppressed a Native American uprising in Pontiac's War.^ So for many years the Army found itself fighting small, colonial wars around the globe, punctuated by rare forays onto the European mainland.
  • The making of the British Army – Allan Mallinson « Daly History Blog 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC dalyhistory.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It also battled many Native American nations and groups, including the many disgruntled former allies who launched Pontiac's War in response to the wave of British settlers that flooded over the Appalachians following the defeat of France in the Seven Years' War.
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^ It also battled many Native American nations and groups, including the many disgruntled former allies who launched Pontiac's War in response to the wave of British settlers that flooded over the Appalachians following the defeat of France in the Seven Years' War .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.The British Army suffered defeat in the American War of Independence, losing the Thirteen Colonies but holding on to Canada.^ The British were divided into thirteen colonies.
  • The Baldwin Project: This Country of Ours by H. E. Marshall 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ W hen war erupted in the American colonies in 1775, the British Army was unprepared logistically.
  • Logistics and the British Defeat in the Revolutionary War 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.almc.army.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ In almost every case of devolution, newly independent states allowed the British Army to retain facilities in their countries.
  • The U.S. Army Professional Writing Collection 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.army.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Duke of Wellington's triumph over Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 is usually held as one of the British Army's greatest victories.
.The British army was heavily involved in the Napoleonic Wars in which the army served in Spain, across Europe, and in North Africa.^ British Army 1939-45 (2) North Africa & Sicily.
  • British Forces SAS British Army Special Air Service 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ The British army was heavily involved in the Napoleonic Wars in which the army served in Spain, across Europe, and in North Africa.
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^ The British army was heavily involved in the Napoleonic Wars in which the army served from Spain across to Europe to North Africa in the South.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

.The war between the British and First French Empires stretched around the world.^ First World War (1914-1918) .
  • MILITARY- BRITISH ARMY- THE SHERWOOD FORESTERS CAP BADGE (Auction ID: 302226, End Time : 24 Jan. 2010 20:38:12) - 121Bid 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.121bid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The war between the the British and French Empires stretched around the world.
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^ The war between the British and French Empires stretched around the world.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.The British Army finally came to defeat Napoleon at one of Britain's greatest military victories at the battle of Waterloo.^ History The Battle of Waterloo, one of the greatest victories in British military history .
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^ The story of the British Army is one of hard-won military experience.
  • The making of the British Army – Allan Mallinson « Daly History Blog 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC dalyhistory.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British Army finally came to defeat Napoleon at one of Britain's greatest military victories at the battle of Waterloo .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.Under Oliver Cromwell, the English Army had been active in the conquest, and the settlement, of Ireland in the 1650s.^ Under Oliver Cromwell , the English Army had been active in the re-conquest, and the settlement, of Ireland since the 1650s.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Under Oliver Cromwell, the army had been active in the re-conquest, settlement and suppressing revolts in Ireland.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Battle of Rorke's Drift in which 11 VCs were awarded to British troops Under Oliver Cromwell, the English Army had been active in the re-conquest, and the settlement, of Ireland since the 1650s.
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.The Cromwellian campaign was characterised by its uncompromising treatment of the Irish towns (most notably Drogheda) that had supported the Royalists during the English Civil War.^ British Mark One Tank during World War I Great Britain's dominance of the world had been challenged by numerous other powers, notably Germany.
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^ Most of the support for the army during that conflict had been acquired locally, and shipment of supplies from Britain was limited.
  • Logistics and the British Defeat in the Revolutionary War 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.almc.army.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Forbes Campaign of 1758, almost immediately after the construction of Fort Bedford, the English began planting a garden.
  • British Army Rations 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.csmid.com [Source type: Original source]

.It (and subsequently, the British Army) have been almost continuously involved in Ireland ever since, primarily in suppressing numerous Irish revolts and campaigns for self-determination.^ It (and subsequently, the British Army) have been almost continuously involved in Northern Ireland ever since, primarily in suppressing numerous native revolts and guerrilla and terrorist campaigns.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ It (and subsequently, the British Army) have been almost continuously involved in Ireland ever since, primarily in suppressing numerous native revolts and guerilla and terrorist campaigns.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The British Army also was involved in two postimperial campaigns.
  • The U.S. Army Professional Writing Collection 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.army.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was faced with the prospect of battling Anglo-Irish and Ulster Scots settlers in Ireland, who alongside their Irish countrymen had raised their own volunteer army and threatened to emulate the American colonists if their conditions (primarily concerning home rule and freedom of trade) were not met.^ It was faced with the prospect of battling British settlers in Ireland, who had raised their own volunteer army and threatened to emulate the American colonists if their conditions (primarily concerning freedom of trade) were not met, but the British Government acceded to these demands.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ Do the Scots own Ireland or the Irish own Scotland?
  • British army leaves Northern Ireland 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC digg.com [Source type: General]

^ Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, Welsh, Irish-who fought in every theater in two wars.
  • British Forces SAS British Army Special Air Service 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

.The British Army found itself fighting Irish rebels, both Protestant and Catholic, primarily in Ulster and Leinster (Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen) in the 1798 rebellion.^ The British Army still found itself fighting Irish rebels (Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen) in the unrelated, Napoleon-supported 1798 rebellion.
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^ The British Army still found itself fighting Irish rebels ( Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen ) in the unrelated, Napoleon-supported 1798 rebellion .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ Two of these men were members of the British Army's locally recruited and overwhelmingly Protestant and Loyalist militia the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), and one of these held the rank of Captain in that discredited regiment which is now called the Royal Irish Regiment (RIR).
  • Unexplained British Army Interest in the murder of Seamus Ludlow. Theabduction of Kevin Donegan 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.michael.donegan.care4free.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Battle of Rorke's Drift in 1879 saw a small British force repel an overwhelming attack by Zulu forces; eleven Victoria Crosses were awarded for the defence.
.In addition to battling the armies of other European Empires' (and of its former colonies, the United States, in the American War of 1812), in the battle for global supremacy, the British Army fought the Chinese in the First and Second Opium Wars, and the Boxer Rebellion; Māori tribes in the first of the New Zealand Wars; Indian princely forces and British East India Company mutineers in the Indian Mutiny; the Boers in the First and Second Boer Wars; Irish Fenians in Canada during the Fenian raids; and Irish separatists in the Anglo-Irish War.^ The Indian Army has its origins in the years after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, when in 1858 the Crown took over direct rule of British India from the East India Company.
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^ The Indian Army had a formal existence and was the "army of the government of India", including British and Indian (sepoy) units.
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^ In addition to battling the armies of other European Empires' (and of its former colonies, the United States, in the American War of 1812,) in the battle for global supremacy, the British Army fought the Chinese in the First and Second Opium Wars, and the Boxer Rebellion; M%u0101ori tribes in the first of the New Zealand Wars; Indian princely forces and British East India Company mutineers in the Indian Mutiny; the Boers in the First and Second Boer Wars; Irish Fenians in Canada during the Fenian raids; and Irish separatists in the Anglo-Irish War.
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.Following William and Mary's accession to the throne, England involved itself in the War of the Grand Alliance primarily to prevent a French invasion restoring Mary's father, James II.^ Following William and Mary's accession to the throne, England involved itself in the War of the Grand Alliance primarily to prevent a French invasion restoring Mary's father, James II .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ Following William and Mary's accession to the throne, England involved itself in the War of the Grand Alliance primarily to prevent a French invasion restoring Mary's father, James II. Following the 1707 union of England and Scotland, and then the 1801 creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, British foreign policy, on the continent, was to contain expansion by its competitor powers such as France and Spain.
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^ Napoleon ) Although Britain had the largest navy in the world and was separated from the French by water the threat of French invasion was greeted in England with horror.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.Following the 1707 union of England and Scotland, and the 1801 creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, British foreign policy, on the continent, was to contain expansion by its competitor powers such as France and Spain.^ Following the 1707 union of England and Ireland, and then the 1801 creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , British foreign policy, on the continent, was to contain expansion by its competitor powers such as France and Spain .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Following the 1707 union of England and Scotland, and then the 1801 creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , British foreign policy, on the continent, was to contain expansion by its competitor powers such as France and Spain .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ It came into being with unification of the governments and armed forces of England and Scotland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.
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.The territorial ambitions of the French led to the War of the Spanish Succession and the Napoleonic Wars.^ The territorial ambitions of the French led to the War of the Spanish Succession and the Napoleonic Wars .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ The territorial ambitions of the French led to the War of the Spanish Succession and the Napoleonic Wars.
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^ Follow-up: The capitulation of the British to the Americans and French ended the fighting in the war and led to the Peace Treaty that acknowledged the independence of the American states.

.Russian activity led to the Crimean War.^ Russian activity led to the Crimean War.
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^ Russian activity led to the Crimean War .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.
British Mark One Tank during World War I.
^ British Army World War two (ww2,wwii) uniform OR's Flannel shirt with integral collar:   Same as OR's flannel shirt but with integral collar for wearing with tie as walking-out uniform.
  • Welcome To Replicaters.com 25 September 2009 8:18 UTC www.replicaters.com [Source type: General]

^ World war one(ww1, wwi) US AEF Army Uniforms Gear .

^ British Mark One Tank during World War I Great Britain's dominance of the world had been challenged by numerous other powers, notably Germany.
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Note the guidance wheels behind the main body which were later scrapped as they were unnecessary. Armoured vehicles of this time still required much infantry and artillery support and still do to a lesser extent today
.The vastly increasing demands of imperial expansion, and the inadequacies and inefficiencies of the underfunded, post-Napoleonic Wars British Army, and of the Militia, Yeomanry, and Volunteer Force, led to the Cardwell and Childers Reforms of the late 19th century, which gave the British Army its modern shape, and redefined its regimental system.^ The British Army crossing the Sutlej River, India, 19th century ...
  • British army Stock Photo Images. 964 British army royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ The vastly increasing demands of imperial expansion, and the inadequacies and inefficiencies of the underfunded, post-Napoleonic Wars British Army, and of the Militia , Yeomanry , and Volunteer Army , led to the Cardwell Reforms of the late 19th Century, which gave the British Army its modern shape, and redefined its regimental system.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ It was faced with the prospect of battling British settlers in Ireland, who had raised their own volunteer army and threatened to emulate the American colonists if their conditions (primarily concerning freedom of trade) were not met, but the British Government acceded to these demands.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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.The Haldane Reforms of 1907, formally created the Territorial Force as the Army's volunteer reserve component.^ Worldwide responsibilities had dispersed a fairly small volunteer army thinly on the ground and prevented the maintenance of a strategic reserve.
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^ On 26 th February 1914, at the age of 17, Cyril volunteered to join the 5 th Battalion Suffolk Regiment of the Territorial Force.
  • Indian Army British Officers 1900-1939 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.king-emperor.com [Source type: General]

^ The full-time element of the British Army has also been referred to as the Regular Army since the creation of the reservist Territorial Army in 1908.
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.Great Britain's dominance of the world had been challenged by numerous other powers, notably Germany.^ British Mark One Tank during World War I Great Britain's dominance of the world had been challenged by numerous other powers, notably Germany.
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^ Great Britain's dominance of the world had been challenged by numerous other powers, notably Germany .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ Great Britain's dominance of the world had been challenged by numerous other powers, notably Germany.
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.The UK was allied with France (by the Entente Cordiale) and Russia, and when the First World War broke out in 1914, the British Army sent the British Expeditionary Force to France and Belgium to prevent Germany from occupying these countries.^ The First World War 1914-1918 .
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^ The UK was allied with France (by the Entente Cordiale) and Russia, and when the First World War broke out in 1914, the British Army sent the British Expeditionary Force to France and Belgium to prevent Germany from occupying these countries.
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^ First World War (1914-1918) .
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.The War would be the most devastating in British military history, with near 800,000 men killed and over 2 million wounded.^ The War would be the most devastating in British military history, with near 800,000 men killed and over 2 million wounded.
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^ The British experience in the American Revolutionary War holds particular relevance for today's military.
  • Logistics and the British Defeat in the Revolutionary War 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.almc.army.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Anglo-Afghan War is a conflict largely forgotten by popular British history books.
  • Afghanistan: Graveyard of Empires – Case Study #1 – A very British catastrophe « Notes from the Bartender 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC notesfromthebartender.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the early part of the war, the professional force of the BEF was decimated and, by turns, a volunteer (and then conscripted) force replaced it.^ In the early part of the war, the professional force of the BEF was decimated and, by turns, a volunteer (and then conscripted) force replaced it.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ The British Army is deployed in many of the world's war zones as part of a fighting force and in United Nations peacekeeping forces.
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^ The Army is deployed in many of the world's war zones as part of a fighting force, and in United Nations peacekeeping forces.
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.Major battles included the Battle of the Somme.^ Major battles included the Battle of the Somme .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ Major battles included the Battle of the Somme.
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.Advances in technology saw advent of the tank, with the creation of the Royal Tank Regiment, and advances in aircraft design, with the creation of the Royal Flying Corps, which were to be decisive in future battles.^ Advances in technology saw British advent of the tank and advances in aircraft design which were to be decisive in future battles.
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^ Its association with the Parliamentarians and the Commonwealth Interregnum meant that the Army (as an entity) was not considered worthy of the sobriquet "Royal", although individual regiments or corps may carry the title.
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^ In contrast to the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and Royal Air Force, the British Army does not include "Royal" in its title, instead many of its constituent Regiments and Corps are styled Royal.
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.Trench warfare dominated strategy on the Western Front, and the use of chemical and poison gases added to the devastation.^ Trench warfare dominated strategy, and the use of chemical and poison gases added to the devastation.
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^ The British Army still uses these weapons in some numbers, primarily for urban warfare and in trench or fortification clearing.
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The Second Battle of El Alamein reversed German ambitions in North Africa, and is often cited as one of the turning points of the Second World War.
.The Second World War broke out in 1939 with the German invasion of Poland.^ In 1939, the Second World War broke out with the German invasion of Poland .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ In 1939, the Second World War broke out with the German invasion of Poland.
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^ In 1939, World War II broke out with the German invasion of Poland .
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.British assurances to the Polish led the British Empire to declare war on Germany.^ British assurances to the Polish led the British Empire to declare war on Germany.
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^ British assurances to the Polish led the British Empire to declare war on Germany, allied with France.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Follow-up: The capitulation of the British to the Americans and French ended the fighting in the war and led to the Peace Treaty that acknowledged the independence of the American states.

.Again an Expeditionary Force was sent to France, only to be hastily evacuated as the German forces swept through the Low Countries and across France in 1940. Only the Dunkirk evacuation saved the entire Expeditionary Force from capture.^ Only the Dunkirk evacuations saved the entire Expeditionary Force from capture.
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^ Again an Expeditionary Force was sent to France, only to be hastily evacuated as the German forces swept through the Low Countries and across France in 1940.
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^ However, only regiment-sized probing forces are sent forward to test the effectiveness of new Soviet tank/infantry close-support tactics.
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.Later, however, the British would have spectacular success defeating the Italians and Germans at the Battle of El Alamein in North Africa, and in the D-Day invasion of Normandy with the help of American, Canadian, Australian and New Zealand forces.^ Later, however, the British would have success defeating the Italians and Germans at the Battle of El Alamein in North Africa, and in the D-Day invasions of Normandy.
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^ Digger History: an unofficial history of the Australian & New Zealand Armed Forces .
  • The British Army in Australia 1788 to 1870 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.diggerhistory.info [Source type: General]

^ Later, however, the British would have success defeating the Italians and Germans at the Battle of El Alamein in North Africa , and in the D-Day invasions of Normandy .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

.Contrary to popular (Hollywood influenced) belief, over half of the Allied soldiers on D-day were British.^ The Northern Ireland commitment greatly influenced the British Army's training, movement, deployment, logistics, and morale and shaped British soldiers' lives.
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^ Outside the services soldiers are generally known as 'Squaddies' by the British popular press .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ The idea of flogging such heroes as the British soldiers had proved themselves in the trenches before Sebastopol, and in winning the day of Inkermann in spite of their generals !
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the Far East, the British army battled the Japanese in Burma.^ The British Army has been engaged in numerous campaigns and battles during its long history.
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^ The Army took part in campaigns in France, East Africa, North Africa, Syria, Tunisia, Malaya, Burma, Greece, Sicily and Italy.
  • The Role of Muslims Martial Races of Today�s Pakistan in British-Indian Army inWorld War-II* 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC defencejournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Battle of Long Island - Order of Battle Battle of Long Island - British Army Battle of Long Island - Continental Army .

.World War II saw the British army develop its Commando units, the Parachute Regiment and the Special Air Service (SAS).^ The most famous formation is the Special Air Service Regiment.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ World War II saw the British army develop its Commando units including the Special Air Service .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ The largest and most famous formation is the Special Air Service Regiment.
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.During the war the British army was one of the major fighting forces on the allied side.^ During the war the British army was one of the major fighting forces on the side of the allies.
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^ The British Army is today concentrated on fighting Taliban forces.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Detail of British Army uniform during Revolutionary war historical ...
  • British army Stock Photo Images. 964 British army royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.After the end of World War II, the British Army was significantly reduced in size, although National Service continued until 1960. This period also saw the process of Decolonisation commence with the end of the British Raj, and the independence of other colonies in Africa and Asia.^ The end of the war with France in 1763 and reforms in the British Army, spelt the end of the Independent Company.
  • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ World War II saw the British army develop its Commando units including the Special Air Service .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ After the end of World War II, the British Empire declined with the independence of India, and other colonies in Africa and Asia.
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.Accordingly the army's strength was further reduced, in recognition of Britain's reduced role in world affairs, outlined in the 1957 Defence White Paper.^ Accordingly the strength of the British military was reduced, in recognition of Britain's reduced role in world affairs.
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^ Although the Royal Navy is widely regarded as having been vital for the rise of Empire, and British dominance of the world, the British Army played important roles in colonisation.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ For any and all further information about these units check with the regimental museums concerned if the units are still operating or, in the case of British Army units, with the UK's Ministry of Defence.
  • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This was despite major actions in Korea in 1950 and Suez in 1956. A large force of British troops also remained in Germany, facing the threat of Soviet invasion.^ However, a large deployment of British troops remained in Germany, facing the threat of Soviet invasion.
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^ It can be seen that the British Army was engaged in several major conflicts around the world-Egypt, Malaya and Korea.
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^ Until 1994 Belize's neighbour, Guatemala claimed the territory, and British troops were based in Belize to provide a deterrent force .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

.The Cold War saw significant technological advances in warfare, the Army saw more technologically advanced weapons systems come into service.^ The Cold War saw massive technological advances in warfare, and the Army saw more technological advanced weapons systems installed.
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^ The IFF interrogator is mounted on a weapon, and links into the weapons own millimetric radar system.
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^ Each day they became more familiar with the British Army's weapon of choice, the L85A2 rifle.
  • 36th Infantry Division trains with British Army counterparts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.blackanthem.com [Source type: General]

Soldiers from the Parachute Regiment guard Argentine prisoners of war during the Falklands War.
.Despite the decline of the British Empire, the Army was still deployed around the world, fighting colonial wars in Aden, Cyprus, Kenya and Malaya.^ The British Army was deployed to Yugoslavia in 1992.
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^ Despite the decline of the British Empire, the Army was still deployed around the world, fighting in the Korean War, the Suez crisis of 1956, and colonial wars in Oman and Malaysia.
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^ Despite the decline of the British Empire, the Army was still deployed around the world, fighting in the Korean War , the Suez crisis of 1956, and colonial wars in Oman and Malaysia.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.In 1982 the British Army, alongside the Royal Marines, helped to recapture the Falkland Islands during the war against Argentina.^ In 1982 the British Army, alongside the Royal Marines, helped to recapture the Falkland Islands during the Falklands War against Argentina.
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^ Detail of British Army uniform during Revolutionary war historical ...
  • British army Stock Photo Images. 964 British army royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1982 the British Army, alongside the Royal Marines , helped to recapture the Falkland Islands during the Falklands War against Argentina .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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.In the three decades following 1969, the Army was heavily deployed in Northern Ireland, to support the Royal Ulster Constabulary (later the Police Service of Northern Ireland) in their conflict with loyalist and republican paramilitary groups, called Operation Banner.^ Honour service for Northern Ireland Veterans .
  • British Army // Current 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC current.com [Source type: News]

^ In the three decades following 1969, the Army was heavily deployed in Northern Ireland , to support the Royal Ulster Constabulary (later the Police Service of Northern Ireland ) in their conflict with loyalist and republican paramilitary groups.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ In the three decades following 1969, the Army was heavily deployed in Northern Ireland, to support the Royal Ulster Constabulary (later the Police Service of Northern Ireland) in their conflict with loyalist and republican paramilitary groups.
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.The locally-recruited Ulster Defence Regiment was formed, later becoming the Royal Irish Regiment in 1992. Over 700 soldiers were killed during the Troubles.^ The locally-recruited Ulster Defence Regiment was formed, later becoming the Royal Irish Regiment in 1992.
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^ Over 700 soldiers were killed during the Troubles .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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^ Over 700 soldiers were killed during the Troubles.
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.Following the IRA ceasefires between 1994 and 1996 and since 1997, demilitarisation has taken place as part of the peace process, reducing the military presence from 30,000 to 5,000 troops.^ Following the IRA ceasefires between 1994 and 1996 and since 1997, demilitarisation has taken place as part of the peace process, much reducing the military presence in the area.
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^ Richard Dannatt, Britain's current military chief, who said that the presence of his troops in Iraq "exacerbates the security problem," to Gen.
  • Rebellion in the British Army - by John Pilger 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.antiwar.com [Source type: News]

^ There has been a centuries old tradition of Irishmen joining the British Army - one which has been rekindled following the peace process in Northern Ireland.
  • Irish recruits flock to join British Army - Local & National, News - Belfasttelegraph.co.uk 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.On 25 June 2007, the Second Battalion Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment vacated the Army complex at Bessbrook Mill in Armagh.^ In contrast to the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and Royal Air Force, the British Army does not include "Royal" in its title, instead many of its constituent Regiments and Corps are styled Royal.
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^ Princess of Wales Royal Regiment, reported to have clocked up more contacts than any unit since the Korean War, i.e.
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^ October, approximately 100 members from the 144th and 142nd Infantry Battalions joined the British Territorial Army's 3rd Battalion, Royal Anglian Regiment (3RAR) for the second phase of Operation Glow Worm.
  • 36th Infantry Division trains with British Army counterparts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.blackanthem.com [Source type: General]

.This is part of the 'normalisation' programme in Northern Ireland in response to the IRA's declared end to its activities.^ In 2005, after the IRA announced an end to armed conflict in Northern Ireland, it was revealed that the British Army would dismantle posts in the province and withdraw many troops and restore troop levels to that of a peace time garrison.
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Recent and current conflicts

Gulf War

.The ending of the Cold War saw a 40% cut in manpower, as outlined in the Options for Change review.^ Recent conflicts Persian Gulf War Main article: Operation Granby The ending of the Cold War saw a 40% cut in manpower.
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^ The ending of the Cold War saw a 40% cut in manpower.
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^ What year did the 'Cold War' end?
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.Despite this, the Army has been deployed in an increasingly global role.^ Despite this, the Army has been deployed in an increasingly global role.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ Despite the decline of the British Empire, the Army was still deployed around the world, fighting in the Korean War , the Suez crisis of 1956, and colonial wars in Oman and Malaysia.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ Despite the decline of the British Empire, the Army was still deployed around the world, fighting in the Korean War , the Suez crisis of 1956, and colonial wars in Oman and Malaysia .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

.In 1991, the United Kingdom was the second largest contributor to the coalition force that fought Iraq in the Gulf War.^ In 1991, the United Kingdom was the second largest contributor (after the USA) to the coalition force that fought Iraq in the Persian Gulf War.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ I served with NATO and the United Nations; commanded troops in Northern Ireland, Bosnia and Macedonia; and participated in the Gulf War.
  • British officer: Israel most moral army in the world. U.N. Watch 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC vladtepesblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Relations with Portugal always have been closer than those with Spain, and Spain and the United Kingdom have gone to war twice over Portugal's independence.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.The nation supplied just under 50,000 personnel and was put in control of Kuwait after it was liberated.^ The nation supplied just under 50,000 personnel and was the nation put in control of Kuwait after it was liberated.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ In 1991, the United Kingdom was the second largest contributor to the coalition force that fought Iraq in the Gulf War .The nation supplied just under 50,000 personnel and was the nation put in control of Kuwait after it was liberated.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

.47 British Military personnel died during the Gulf War.^ The British experience in the American Revolutionary War holds particular relevance for today's military.
  • Logistics and the British Defeat in the Revolutionary War 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.almc.army.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ British Mark One Tank during World War I Great Britain's dominance of the world had been challenged by numerous other powers, notably Germany.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During that period over 20,000 British soldiers lost their lives (killed in action, died of wounds or died from disease - two thirds of all deaths was due to disease).
  • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Balkans conflicts

.The British Army was deployed to Yugoslavia in 1992. Initially this force formed part of the United Nations Protection Force.^ The British Army was deployed to Yugoslavia in 1992.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the armed forces of the United Kingdom.
  • Category:British Army - Wikimedia Commons 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC commons.wikimedia.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The British Army is deployed in many of the world's war zones as part of a fighting force and in United Nations peacekeeping forces.
  • British Army Video Showcase 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.In 1995 command was transferred to IFOR and then to SFOR.^ In 1995 command was transferred to IFOR and then to SFOR .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ In 1995 command was transferred to IFOR and then to SFOR. Currently troops are under the command of EUFOR. Over 10,000 troops were sent.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Currently troops are under the command of EUFOR.^ Currently troops are under the command of EUFOR .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ In 1995 command was transferred to IFOR and then to SFOR. Currently troops are under the command of EUFOR. Over 10,000 troops were sent.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Over 10,000 troops were sent.^ Over 10,000 troops were sent.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ In 1995 command was transferred to IFOR and then to SFOR. Currently troops are under the command of EUFOR. Over 10,000 troops were sent.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1999 British forces under the command of SFOR were sent to Kosovo during the conflict there.^ In 1999 British forces under the command of SFOR were sent to Kosovo during the conflict there.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ The American outpost under Colonel Edward Hand sent word to Lieutenant General George Washington that the British were preparing to cross to Long Island from Staten Island.

^ The British Army is today concentrating on fighting Taliban forces and bringing security to Helmand province under NATO control .
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.Command was subsequently transferred to KFOR.^ Command was subsequently transferred to KFOR .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ Command was subsequently transferred to KFOR. .
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Command was subsequently transferred to KFOR. Afghanistan Main article: 2001-present war in Afghanistan In 2001 The 3rd Division Signal Regiment were deployed in Kabul, Afghanistan to assist in the liberation of the troubled capital.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From 1993–Present 72 British Military Personnal have died on operations in the former Yugoslavian Countries of Bosnia, Kosovo & Macedonia.^ Researchers have found a greater emphasis on formal military discipline in the British Army, compared with those of other Western European countries.
  • Battling Bullying in the British Army 1987 – 2004 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.pipss.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British Army maintains a full operational presence in all of these and in the other Divisional and Subdivisional Commands, which are all in effect heavily-fortified military bases.
  • The British Military Garrison in Ireland - British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.sinnfein.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The news comes as military commanders are demanding more British troops be sent to Afghanistan to protect ground recently gained from the Taliban in Operation Panther’s Claw.
  • The Captain's Journal » British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.captainsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Afghanistan

British soldiers in Afghanistan.
.In 2001 the United Kingdom, as a part of Operation Enduring Freedom with the United States, invaded Afghanistan to topple the Taliban.^ The news comes as military commanders are demanding more British troops be sent to Afghanistan to protect ground recently gained from the Taliban in Operation Panther’s Claw.
  • The Captain's Journal » British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.captainsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Violence in Afghanistan has increased to its worst level since 2001, when U.S.-led and Afghan forces overthrew the ruling Taliban following the September 11 attacks on the United States.
  • British Army // Current 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC current.com [Source type: News]

^ In 2003, the United Kingdom was the only other major contributor to the United States-led invasion of Iraq .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

.The 3rd Division Signal Regiment were deployed in Kabul, to assist in the liberation of the troubled capital.^ In 2001 The Parachute Regiment were deployed in Kabul , Afghanistan to assist in the liberation of the troubled capital.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

.The Royal Marines' 3 Commando Brigade (part of the Royal Navy but including a number of Army units), also swept the mountains.^ Royal Marines Commandos also swept the Afghan mountains but this force is part of the Royal Navy .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Royal Marines Commandos also swept the Afghan mountains but this force is part of the Royal Navy.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Royal Navy and RAF infantry units .
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The British Army is today concentrating on fighting Taliban forces and bringing security to Helmand province.^ The British Army is today concentrating on fighting Taliban forces and bringing security to Helmand province under NATO control .
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ In contrast to the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and Royal Air Force, the British Army does not include "Royal" in its title, instead many of its constituent Regiments and Corps are styled Royal.
  • British Army Video Showcase 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, the build-up of the British Army of the Rhine was taking place as NATO forces were established in Western Europe.
  • THE BRITISH ARMY 1952 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.orbat.com [Source type: Reference]

.Approximately 9,000 British troops (including marines, airmen and sailors) are currently in Afghanistan, making it the second largest force after the US. Around 500 extra British troops were deployed in 2009, bringing the British Army deployment total up to 9,500 (excluding Special Forces).^ The British Army was deployed to Yugoslavia in 1992.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
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  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ British forces are also deployed separately with UN forces.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Strength and Deployment of the British army.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.From 2001 - 23rd Jan 2010 a total of 250 British military personnel have died on operations mainly in Helmand Province.^ The British Army is today concentrating on fighting Taliban forces and bringing security to Helmand province under NATO control .
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ The British Army maintains a full operational presence in all of these and in the other Divisional and Subdivisional Commands, which are all in effect heavily-fortified military bases.
  • The British Military Garrison in Ireland - British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.sinnfein.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The news comes as military commanders are demanding more British troops be sent to Afghanistan to protect ground recently gained from the Taliban in Operation Panther’s Claw.
  • The Captain's Journal » British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.captainsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.37 of these have died of causes other then direct contact from insurgents; in such ways as accidents or illness.^ It will be important for directives and orders to express the concept of operations in such a way that everyone understands not just the aim, but the atmosphere which is to be created.
  • PARAMETERS, US Army War College Quarterly - Summer 1996 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.carlisle.army.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ Officials could then exploit these individuals to find their contacts both in the jungle and in the villages, enabling the intelligence-directed operations, for instance.
  • PARAMETERS, US Army War College Quarterly - Spring 2006 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.carlisle.army.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The strategic campaign plan should be directed in such a way as to sequence and coordinate the various agencies' individual lines of operation according to the overall strategic requirements at the time.
  • PARAMETERS, US Army War College Quarterly - Summer 1996 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.carlisle.army.mil [Source type: Original source]

Iraq War

British soldiers in Iraq.
.In 2003, the United Kingdom was a major contributor to the United States-led invasion of Iraq.^ In 2003, the United Kingdom was the only other major contributor to the United States-led invasion of Iraq.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2003, the United Kingdom was the only other major contributor to the United States-led invasion of Iraq .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ The British Army is today concentrating on fighting Taliban forces and bringing security to Helmand province under NATO control Iraq War Main article: Iraq War In 2003, the United Kingdom was the only other major contributor to the United States-led invasion of Iraq.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There was major disagreement amongst the domestic populace but the House of Commons voted for the conflict, sending 46,000 army personnel to the region, the second largest force after the US. The British Army controlled the southern regions of Iraq and maintained a peace keeping presence in the city of Basra until their withdrawal on April 30, 2009. 179 British Military personnal have died on operations in Iraq.^ There was great disagreement amongst the populace but the government voted for the war, with the result of sending over 30,000 army personnel to the region.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ The British Army is still the major coalition presence in the city of Basra and the Southern regions of Iraq.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British Army is still the major coalition presence in the city of Basra and the Southern regions of Iraq .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

Northern Ireland

.The British Army was initially deployed in Northern Ireland in the wake of Catholic rioting in Derry[3] and Belfast[4] and to prevent Protestant Loyalist attacks on Catholic communities, under Operation Banner between 1969 and 2007 in support of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and its successor, the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI).^ The British Army was deployed to Yugoslavia in 1992.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ A British army patrol on the streets of the city, Belfast, Northern ...
  • British army Stock Photo Images. 964 British army royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Northern Ireland since 1969, mostly in Belfast and Armagh .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

[5] .There has been a steady reduction in the number of troops deployed in Northern Ireland since the Good Friday Agreement was signed in 1998. In 2005, after the Provisional Irish Republican Army announced an end to its armed conflict in Northern Ireland, the British Army dismantled posts and withdrew many troops, and restored troop levels to that of a peace-time garrison.^ The British Army was deployed to Yugoslavia in 1992.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ In 2005, after the Provisional Irish Republican Army announced an end to armed conflict in Northern Ireland, it was revealed that the British Army would dismantle posts in the province and withdraw many troops and restore troop levels to that of a peace time garrison.
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ In 2005, after the IRA announced an end to armed conflict in Northern Ireland, it was revealed that the British Army would dismantle posts in the province and withdraw many troops.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

.Operation Banner ended at midnight on 31 July 2007, making it the longest continuous deployment in the British Army's history, lasting some thirty-eight years.^ The British Army was deployed to Yugoslavia in 1992.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ A general history of the British army.
  • ARTICLE - British Military Records Part 1: The Army - ENGLISH & WELSH ROOTS, December 6, 1999 Vol. III, No. 25 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC globalgenealogy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Strength and Deployment of the British army.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[6] .An internal British Army document released in 2007 stated that the British Army had failed to defeat the IRA but had made it impossible for them to win through the use of violence.^ Army: All Ties are British made using 100% high quality washable polyester.
  • Regimental Ties | Regimental Badges | Heraldic Shields | Stephen Allen Menswear 25 September 2009 8:18 UTC www.stephenallenmenswear.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Only three British soldiers were injured.This incident marked the first time in 22 years that the British Army used bayonets in action.
  • British Army Video Showcase 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For a list of historic and obsolete equipment that has been used by the British Army, see Historic equipment and uniform of the British Army .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

.Operation Helvetic replaced Operation Banner in 2007 maintaining fewer servicemen in a much more benign environment.^ There are chapters on the relief operations at Raumaithah, Kufah, and Samawah and other combat operations at Hellah and Dwaniyah plus much more.
  • British Forces SAS British Army Special Air Service 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ Officially Operation Banner will end on 1 August 2007 after 35 years, making it the longest military operation in the history of the British Army.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

[6][7] .From 1971 to 1997 a total of 763 British Military personnel were killed during the troubles; 129 were killed in the year 1972 alone.^ Over 700 soldiers were killed during the Troubles .
  • British Army 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.girlguide.eu [Source type: Reference]

^ Over 700 soldiers were killed during the Troubles.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the concept behind Britain’s Joint Service Command and Staff College (created in 1997) was innovative, the institution was imbued with traditional British military culture.

.A total of 303 RUC officers where killed in the same time period.^ At the same time the 1 / 5th Battalion , after a period fighting alongside 51st Highland Division , was evacuated from Cherbourg .
  • MILITARY- BRITISH ARMY- THE SHERWOOD FORESTERS CAP BADGE (Auction ID: 302226, End Time : 24 Jan. 2010 20:38:12) - 121Bid 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.121bid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much damage was inflicted on the Chamkannis this time, with only two men killed and one British Officer and three Other Ranks wounded.
  • Indian Army British Officers 1900-1939 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.king-emperor.com [Source type: General]

^ A total of 26,940 officers and men served in the Foresters , of whom 1,520 were killed or died of wounds and about three times that number were wounded.
  • MILITARY- BRITISH ARMY- THE SHERWOOD FORESTERS CAP BADGE (Auction ID: 302226, End Time : 24 Jan. 2010 20:38:12) - 121Bid 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.121bid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most recently, in March 2009, 2 soldiers and a Police Officer were killed in separate incidents in N. Ireland.^ There were incidents of alleged brutality and Eamon Melaugh, who had been prominent in trying to halt recent riots, asked an officer for the name of a soldier who he said had just assaulted a march steward.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were further riots in late March and it was said at least one incident erupted over the recent victory of Dana, a Derry singer, representing the Republic of Ireland in the Eurovision song contest.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In September 1813 Marshal Soult, wrote to the Minister of War that British sharpshooters were killing the French officers in a fast rate: "the losses of officers are so out of proportion with the losses in soldiers".
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

Tommy Atkins and other nicknames

.A long established nickname for a British soldier has been Tommy Atkins or Tommy for short.^ The nickname for a British soldier for several centuries was 'Tommy Atkins' or 'Tommy' for short.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The legend of Tommy Atkins The nickname for a British soldier for several centuries was 'Tommy Atkins' or 'Tommy' for short.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the British soldier himself discipline was invariably harsh and enlistement was for long time.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.The origins are obscure but most probably derive from a specimen army form circulated by the Adjutant-General Sir Harry Calvert to all units in 1815 where the blanks had been filled in with the particulars of a Private Thomas Atkins, No 6 Company, 23rd Regiment of Foot.^ Private Hook : No, sir.
  • Zulu (film) - Wikiquote 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Sir Oman the 88th was "the most Irish of all Irish regiments".
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You are all enclosed within your camp or patrol base; there is no refuge, no private corner to go to, to deal with your grief.
  • Sir! No Sir! Exposing and Debunking Military Lies from Vietnam to Iraq: British Army [Veterans ] - PTSD 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC militarylies.typepad.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.German soldiers in both World Wars would usually refer to their British opponents as Tommys.^ Later, however, the British would have success defeating the Italians and Germans at the Battle of El Alamein in North Africa , and in the D-Day invasions of Normandy .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Welcome to Ujna Universal's page for World War One ( ww1, wwI) British uniforms, equipment and gear.

^ As with all the books in this series, has both photos and color plates showing accurate detail on the British forces arrayed in the Zulu War.
  • British Forces SAS British Army Special Air Service 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

.Present- day British soldiers are often referred to as Toms or just Tom.^ Present day soldiers are called 'Toms' or just 'Tom' within the services.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British Army during the Napoleonic Wars * Tom Wall, New Statesman , 6 December 2004 , "Our boy soldiers" * Women in the armed forces (Magazine) .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ See how Britain's soldiers have lived, worked and fought - from the 15th Century to the present day.
  • ARTICLE - British Military Records Part 1: The Army - ENGLISH & WELSH ROOTS, December 6, 1999 Vol. III, No. 25 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC globalgenealogy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The British Army magazine Soldier has a regular cartoon strip, Tom, featuring the everyday life of a British soldier.^ The British Army magazine Soldier has a regular cartoon strip, 'Tom', featuring the everyday life of a British soldier.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Banastre Tarleton and his army of British regulars.
  • Revolutionary War Timeline 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only three British soldiers were injured.This incident marked the first time in 22 years that the British Army used bayonets in action.
  • British Army Video Showcase 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Outside of the services, soldiers are generally known as squaddies by the British popular press, and the general public.^ Outside the services soldiers are generally known as 'Squaddies'.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The L142 Enfield finally replaced the venerable General Service Rifle Mk.6 in British service in the early 2290's.
  • British Army 2300AD: Infantry Equipment 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to Auston's 1918 General Service Medal with 'IRAQ' clasp and his Volunteer Force LS&GC Medal pictured above, he was also entitled to the British War Medal and Victory Medal.
  • Indian Army British Officers 1900-1939 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.king-emperor.com [Source type: General]

.Another nickname which applies only to soldiers in Scottish regiments is Jocks, derived from the fact that in Scotland the common Christian name John is often changed to Jock in the vernacular.^ The Mason may unwittingly be a part of the Lodge thinking that it is an extension of his Christian faith, when in fact it may be a "Trojan horse," allowing another god into his soul.
  • Freemasons: The silent destroyers? The Knights Templar at the highest levels? Initiation rituals almost identical to those of witchcraft! 25 September 2009 15:48 UTC www.heart7.net [Source type: Original source]

^ British Infantry Regiment Name Changes available from the Drake Software website: http://www.tdrake.demon.co.uk/infantry.htm .
  • ARTICLE - British Military Records Part 1: The Army - ENGLISH & WELSH ROOTS, December 6, 1999 Vol. III, No. 25 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC globalgenealogy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each entry begins with the full name of the soldier, the number of the company in the regiment he was assigned to, his height (at enlistment and at age 24), age at the time of enlistment (in both years and days).
  • ARTICLE - British Military Records Part 1: The Army - ENGLISH & WELSH ROOTS, December 6, 1999 Vol. III, No. 25 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC globalgenealogy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Welsh soldiers are occasionally referred to as Taffy or just Taff. .This may only apply to those from the Taff-Ely Valley in South Wales, where a large portion of men, left unemployed from the decline of the coal industry in the area, enlisted during WW I and WW II. Alternatively, it is derived from the supposed Welsh pronounciation of Dafydd[8] - the vernacular form of Dave or Davey, the patron Saint of Wales being Saint David[9].^ The area of Sennybridge and Brecon in the mountains of South Wales is one of the key training areas for the British Army.

^ The saying in the 2nd Division " There may be few of the 95th left but those are as hard as nails " led to the nickname of " The Nails ".
  • MILITARY- BRITISH ARMY- THE SHERWOOD FORESTERS CAP BADGE (Auction ID: 302226, End Time : 24 Jan. 2010 20:38:12) - 121Bid 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.121bid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Military personnel may only apply to Employment Tribunals in cases of alleged sexual or racial discrimination.
  • Battling Bullying in the British Army 1987 – 2004 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.pipss.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Irish soldiers are referred to as Paddys or Micks, this from the days when many Irish recruits had the name Patrick or Michael.^ President by many democrats, in time of war, has helped their recruitment, & is responsible for the loss of many of our soldiers...........
  • - Scotsman.com News 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC news.scotsman.com [Source type: Original source]

.Junior officers in the army are sometimes known as Ruperts by the Other ranks.^ Officers in the army are generally known as 'Ruperts' by the Other ranks.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Genuine issue regulation anodised Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) other ranks (soldier's) aluminium cap badge featuring snake in crown ...
  • Cadet Direct - REGIMENTAL CUFF LINKS - BRITISH ARMY 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.cadetdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Regiment disembarked at Baghdad on 4 th June 1920 with 6 British Officers, including Lt.Andersson, 12 Indian Officers, 554 Indian Other Ranks, and 60 Followers.
  • Indian Army British Officers 1900-1939 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.king-emperor.com [Source type: General]

This nickname is believed to be derived from the children's comic book character Rupert Bear who epitomizes traditional public school values.[10]
.The term Pongo, as in "where the army goes, the pong goes", or Perce is often used by Sailors and Royal Marines to refer to soldiers.^ Genuine issue regulation anodised Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) other ranks (soldier's) aluminium cap badge featuring snake in crown ...
  • Cadet Direct - REGIMENTAL CUFF LINKS - BRITISH ARMY 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.cadetdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast to the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and Royal Air Force, the British Army does not include "Royal" in its title, instead many of its constituent Regiments and Corps are styled Royal.
  • British Army Video Showcase 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Recruitment in the British Army Soldiers of the Brigade of Gurkhas exercising with the United States Marine Corps , 1996.

It is not considered complimentary.

Today's Army

Statistics

The Challenger 2, the British Army's main battle tank.
British Army statistics[11]
Personnel (Regular Army) 114,260 (of which 101,190 are trained [12]
Personnel (Territorial Army) 35,500
Main Battle Tanks 446 Challenger 2
Light Tanks 325 FV107 Scimitar
Infantry fighting vehicles 789 Warrior. 305 Tempest MPV
APCs and CVR(T)s 3,230–4,000+
Land Rover Wolf 15,000
Pinzgauer 2,000
Utility Trucks 2,300
Artillery pieces and mortars 2,896
Air Defence 337
Aircraft 300+

Current deployments

High intensity operations

Country Dates Deployment Details
Afghanistan 2001– 10,000+ troops British troops have been based in Afghanistan since the .US-led invasion there in 2001. Currently, under Operation Herrick, the Army maintains troops in Camp Souter, Kabul and a brigade on 6-monthly rotation in the southern province of Helmand, mostly based in Camp Bastion and forward operating bases.^ US-led invasion there in 2001.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Currently troops are under the command of EUFOR .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ See Forward Operating Base Falcon attack on 12 October 2006.
  • - Scotsman.com News 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC news.scotsman.com [Source type: Original source]

In late 2009, the resident brigade is 11 Brigade. This brigade has previously served tours in Afghanistan. In 2009, Secretary of State for Defence Bob Ainsworth announced British troop numbers in Afghanistan to increase by 500 to a new high of more than 9,500 by late 2009.[13]

Low intensity operations

Country Dates Deployment Details
Cyprus 1960– Two resident infantry battalions, Royal Engineers, 16 Flight Army Air Corps and Joint Service Signals Unit at Ayios Nikolaos as a part of British Forces Cyprus The UK retains two .Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus after the island's independence.^ Garrisons and facilities exist in Ascension Island, Diego Garcia, the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, and the Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus.

^ Overseas garrisons and facilities are maintained at Ascension Island , Belize , Brunei , Canada , Diego Garcia , the Falkland Islands , Germany , Gibraltar , Kenya , Qatar , the Sovereign Base Areas ( Cyprus ).

.The bases serve as forward bases for deployments in the Middle East.^ He probably served with his Regiment in Palestine & Syria, as the 38th C.I.H. had remained in the Middle East for some time following the conclusion of hostilities.
  • Indian Army British Officers 1900-1939 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.king-emperor.com [Source type: General]

.British forces are also deployed separately with UN peacekeeping forces on the island.^ British forces are also deployed separately with UN forces.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The British Armed Forces are charged with protecting the United Kingdom and its overseas territories , promoting Britain's wider security interests, and supporting international peacekeeping efforts.

^ Author served with British special forces in the Aegean Sea theater, raiding airfields on German held islands.
  • British Forces SAS British Army Special Air Service 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

Principal facilities are Alexander Barracks at Dhekelia and Salamanca Barracks at Episkopi.
Falkland Islands 1982– An infantry company group and an Engineer Squadron Previously a platoon-sized .Royal Marines Naval Party acted as the military presence.^ The infantry component of the Naval Service is the Corps of Royal Marines, which had a reported strength of approximately 7,400 in 2006.

^ The Naval Service consists of the Royal Navy (including the Submarine Service and Fleet Air Arm ) and the Royal Marines .

.After 1982 the garrison was enlarged and bolstered with an RAF base at Mount Pleasant on East Falkland.^ After 1982 the garrison was enlarged, and bolstered with an RAF base.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

Gibraltar 1704–1991 One infantry battalion, Joint Provost and Security Unit as a part of British Forces Gibraltar British Army garrison is provided by an indigenous regiment, the Royal Gibraltar Regiment, which has been on the Army regular establishment since the last British battalion left in 1991.
Rest of the Middle East 1990- 3,700 troops Since the .Gulf War in 1991, the UK has had a considerable military presence in the Middle East.^ In 1991, the United Kingdom was the second largest contributor (after the USA) to the coalition force that fought Iraq in the Persian Gulf War.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wars in Middle East .
  • British Military - Military Pictures - Air Force Army Navy Missiles Defense 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.defencetalk.com [Source type: News]

.Besides Iraq, there are also an additional 3,500 troops in Saudi Arabia and Camp Beuhring, Kuwait, as well as regular training Exercises in Oman.^ The regular British Army had a trained strength of 98,500 and total strength of 109,700 in October 2008, while its reserve component, the Territorial Army , numbered 38,500.

^ My troops must be well kept and well supplied in camp ..."
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

Sierra Leone 1999 About 1,000 troops The British Army were deployed to Sierra Leone, a former British colony on .Operation Palliser in 1999 to aid the government in quelling violent uprisings by militiamen, under United Nations resolutions.^ United Nations resolutions.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Some peacekeeping operations are under United Nations mandates.
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ At no time did any of these units fall under (colonial) Bermuda Government jurisdiction, they reported directly to their military services overseas.
  • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Troops (Royal Marines) remain in the region to provide military support and training to the Sierra Leonean government.^ Troops remain in the region to provide military support and training to the Sierra Leone government.|- .
  • British Army at AllExperts 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Key training establishments in the area include the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (in a more picturesque part of the area), the Parachute Regiment Training Depot (which is not) and the Guards Division Training Centre.

^ The Royal Engineers provide the army (and other services) with tactical military engineering support.

Pakistan 2009–2012 24 instructors 24 instructors from the British Army along with 6 American Army personnel will be training Pakistan’s paramilitary Frontier Corps over a period of 3 years[14]

Permanent overseas postings

Country Dates Deployment Details
Belize 1940s– British Army Training and Support Unit Belize and 25 Flight Army Air Corps British troops have been based in .Belize from around late 1940s until 1994. Belize's neighbour, Guatemala claimed the territory and there were numerous border disputes.^ There are numerous depiction's of it growing and progressively engulfing a mans head until the head is smothered.
  • Freemasons: The silent destroyers? The Knights Templar at the highest levels? Initiation rituals almost identical to those of witchcraft! 25 September 2009 15:48 UTC www.heart7.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They would remain there until late 1916, when they received orders to embark for Mesopotamia .
  • Indian Army British Officers 1900-1939 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.king-emperor.com [Source type: General]

.At the request of the Belizean government, British troops remained in Belize after independence in 1981 to provide a defence force.^ A Veteran of the British Armed Forces is defined by the Government as any person of any age who has served in the Armed Forces.
  • British Armed Forces and National Services 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC britisharmedforces.org [Source type: General]

^ Lastly the defence forces of British colonies, known as the British Commonwealth, are closely tied to the British Army and resemble it in many ways.

^ By March 2008, the three remaining "Air Defence" squadrons had disbanded or re-roled and their responsibilities transferred to the British Army's Royal Artillery .

Brunei 1962– One battalion from the Royal Gurkha Rifles, British Garrison, Training Team Brunei (TTB) and 7 Flight Army Air Corps A Gurkha battalion has been maintained in Brunei since the Brunei Revolt in 1962 at the request of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin III. .The Training Team Brunei (TTB) is the Army's jungle warfare school, while the small number of garrison troops support the battalion.^ The 12th and 13th Battalions had been sent to India and both became jungle-training units, providing officers and men for the 14th Army's campaign in Burma .
  • MILITARY- BRITISH ARMY- THE SHERWOOD FORESTERS CAP BADGE (Auction ID: 302226, End Time : 24 Jan. 2010 20:38:12) - 121Bid 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.121bid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brigade made up of three Battalions an HQ element and associated support troops.
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^ During the post-war period the 1st Battalion served first as a lorry-borne infantry battalion in Germany and then as garrison troops in Egypt .
  • MILITARY- BRITISH ARMY- THE SHERWOOD FORESTERS CAP BADGE (Auction ID: 302226, End Time : 24 Jan. 2010 20:38:12) - 121Bid 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.121bid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

7 Flight Army Air Corps provides helicopter support to both the Gurkha battalion and the TTB.
Canada 1972– British Army Training Unit Suffield and 29 (BATUS) Flight Army Air Corps A training centre in the .Alberta prairie which is provided for the use of British Army and Canadian Forces under agreement with the government of Canada.^ Provides a brief introduction to the British Army.
  • ARTICLE - British Military Records Part 1: The Army - ENGLISH & WELSH ROOTS, December 6, 1999 Vol. III, No. 25 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC globalgenealogy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aerial components The British Army co-operates heavily with the Royal Air Force for air support but the army also has its own Army Air Corps.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To test the accuracy of this view and also to shed light upon the methods employed by the British government in recruiting, transporting, and subsisting its army in America is the purpose of the present study.

.British forces conduct regular, major armoured training exercises here every year, with helicopter support provided by 29 (BATUS) Flight AAC.^ The British Armed Forces are charged with protecting the United Kingdom and its overseas territories , promoting Britain's wider security interests, and supporting international peacekeeping efforts.

^ Personnel are based in a number of overseas territories , though internal security for the majority is provided solely by small police forces.

^ One year later, on 8 th December 1886 , he received his regular commission into the Border Regiment of the British Army.
  • Indian Army British Officers 1900-1939 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.king-emperor.com [Source type: General]

Germany 1945– 1st (UK) Armoured Division as part of British Forces Germany British forces remained in Germany after the end of .World War II.^ Links: World War II Austrian refugees .
  • British Local History | History Encyclopaedia | Churchill's German army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.britishlocalhistory.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Post World War II (1945-1970) .
  • MILITARY- BRITISH ARMY- THE SHERWOOD FORESTERS CAP BADGE (Auction ID: 302226, End Time : 24 Jan. 2010 20:38:12) - 121Bid 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.121bid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Forces declined considerably after the end of the Cold War, although the lack of accommodation in the UK means forces will continue to be based in Germany.^ As a result, the Services had made considerable progress towards eliminating racial and gender based discrimination, bullying and harassment by the end of the decade.
  • Battling Bullying in the British Army 1987 – 2004 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.pipss.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Besides, the attention of most defence commentators in the early 1990s was focused on the reduction and restructuring of the armed forces following the end of the Cold War.
  • Battling Bullying in the British Army 1987 – 2004 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.pipss.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three major reviews of the British Armed Forces have been conducted since the end of the Cold War .

Kenya 2010- British Army Training Unit Kenya The Army has a training centre in Kenya, under agreement with the Kenyan government. It provides training facilities for three infantry battalions per year

Equipment

A Pinzgauer Vector, which along with the Iveco Panther CLV is replacing the Land Rover from front line service
.The basic infantry weapons of the British Army are the SA80 assault rifle family, with several variants such as the L86A2, the Light Support Weapon (LSW) and the short stock variant, issued to tank crews.^ Today's Army For equipment, see Modern equipment and uniform of the British Army The Challenger 2, the British Army's Main Battle Tank A Warrior IFV on patrol in Kosovo The Land Rover Wolf, the backbone of the British Army> The basic infantry weapons of the British Army are the SA-80 assault rifle family, with several variants such as the L86A2 Light Support Weapon and the short stock variant, issued to tank crews.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The best part of the British Army was the infantry.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Land Rover Wolf, the backbone of the British Army> The basic infantry weapons of the British Army are the SA-80 assault rifle family, with several variants such as the L86A2 Light Support Weapon and the short stock variant, issued to tank crews.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

No sidearm is issued to infantry soldiers. .However, some officers and snipers are issued with a sidearm, generally the Browning L9A1 or the Sig Sauer P226 or the Colt 1911, though a search is currently underway to find a replacement.^ The general issue sidearm is the Browning L9A1, though a search is currently underway to find a replacement for the L9A1.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some consider this model to be the best fighting sword ever issued to the British officer.
  • British Swords and Sabres (Army, Royal Navy, and Scottish Swords) 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.militaryheritage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, researchers will usually find some statement of service and certificates or other proof of birth, marriage or death.
  • ARTICLE - British Military Records Part 1: The Army - ENGLISH & WELSH ROOTS, December 6, 1999 Vol. III, No. 25 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC globalgenealogy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Support fire is provided by the FN Minimi light machine gun and the L7 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG); indirect fire by 51 and 81 mm mortars, as well as the UGL, mounted under the barrel of the SA80 rifle.^ Indirect fire is provided by the Minimi light machine gun, 51 and 81mm Mortar, the L7 GPMG, as well as the RGGS, mounted under the barrel of the SA80 rifle.
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^ Edward Costello writes: "The Rifle regiment, it is well known, had distinguished itself, and had suffered severely, especially in the retreat to Corunna under the gallant Moore.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The heavy 12mm rounds of the L72 provide a higher volume of suppressive fire that the L95 LBSF and can be effective against some light armoured vehicles.
  • British Army 2300AD: Infantry Equipment 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sniper rifles used include the L96A1 7.62 mm, the L115A1 and the AW50F, all produced by Accuracy International.^ Sniper rifles used include the L96A1 7.62mm, the L115A1 and the AW50F, all produced by Accuracy International.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, some units use the L82A1 .50 calibre Barrett sniper rifle.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Your use of the Site is subject to all applicable local, state, national laws and regulations and, in some cases, international treaties.
  • British Army Infantry Recruitment Video | SPIKE 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.Some units use the L82A1 .50 calibre Barrett sniper rifle.^ In addition, some units use the L82A1 .50 calibre Barrett sniper rifle.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sniper rifles used include the L96A1 7.62mm, the L115A1 and the AW50F, all produced by Accuracy International.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The weapon remains in some units as a marksman's rifle and in UKDF units in the LSW role.
  • British Army 2300AD: Infantry Equipment 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

More recently the L128A1 (Benelli M4) 'combat shotgun' has been adopted, and is intended for close quarters combat in Afghanistan.[15][16]
.The British Army's Armoured vehicles include Supacat "Jackal" MWMIK and the Iveco "Panther" CLV.^ As of 2006, the British Army includes roughly 107,730 active members and 38,460 Territorial Army members.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Corps of Infantry includes all of the famous infantry regiments of the British Army.

.The Challenger 2 is its main battle tank.^ Envisaging a rebalanced composition of more rapidly deployable light and medium forces, the review announced that a regiment of Challenger 2 main battle tanks and a regiment of AS-90 self-propelled artillery would be converted to lighter roles.

^ The British Army has amongst some of the best trained troops and the most advanced equipment, such as Challenger II main battle tanks and Apache Longbow attack helicopters .

^ Main article: Structure of the British Army The Challenger 2 , the British Army's Dorcester Armoured main battle tank .

.The Warrior Infantry Fighting Vehicle is the primary armoured personnel carrier, although many variants of the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (tracked) are used, as well as the Saxon APC and FV430 series now being re-engined and uparmoured and returned to front line service as Bulldog.^ The Warrior Infantry Fighting Vehicle is the primary APC, although many variants of the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) are used, as well as the Saxon APC and FV430 series.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CBA is worn over the CS 82 and is relatively comfortable although it doesn't offer the protection of rigid armour types in service elsewhere.
  • British Army 2300AD: Infantry Equipment 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As well as aiding the individual soldier the TISS can also provide an integrated data network with the individual soldier and weapon being used as sensors in the net.
  • British Army 2300AD: Infantry Equipment 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The British Army commonly uses the Land Rover Wolf and Land Rover Defender.^ Army Pictures of the British Army, land forces and army weapons .
  • British Military - Military Pictures - Air Force Army Navy Missiles Defense 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.defencetalk.com [Source type: News]

^ The Vickers Light Plasma Weapon is the standard plasma weapon used at the company level in the British Army.
  • British Army 2300AD: Infantry Equipment 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British Army The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Army uses three main artillery systems; the MLRS, AS90 and L118.^ The Army uses three main artillery systems; the MLRS, which debuted in Operation Granby and has a range of 30 km: the AS-90, a self-propelled howitzer, and the L118, a 105 mm towed gun-howitzer, used primarily by lighter units and in support of the Royal Marines The Rapier FSC Missile System is the Army's primary battlefield air defence system, widely deployed since the Falklands War; and the Starstreak HVM is an surface-to-air missile, launched either by a single soldier or from a vehicle-mounted launcher.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Army uses three main artillery systems; the MLRS, which debuted in Operation Granby and has a range of 30 km: the AS-90, a self-propelled howitzer, and the L118, a 105 mm towed gun-howitzer, used primarily by lighter units and in support of the Royal Marines .
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, the main records used for Officers are the published Army Lists (beginning in 1754).
  • ARTICLE - British Military Records Part 1: The Army - ENGLISH & WELSH ROOTS, December 6, 1999 Vol. III, No. 25 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC globalgenealogy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The MLRS (Multi Launch Rocket System) was first used operationally in Operation Granby and has a range of 70 km.^ The Army uses three main artillery systems; the MLRS, which debuted in Operation Granby and has a range of 30 km: the AS-90, a self-propelled howitzer, and the L118, a 105 mm towed gun-howitzer, used primarily by lighter units and in support of the Royal Marines The Rapier FSC Missile System is the Army's primary battlefield air defence system, widely deployed since the Falklands War; and the Starstreak HVM is an surface-to-air missile, launched either by a single soldier or from a vehicle-mounted launcher.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Army uses three main artillery systems; the MLRS, which debuted in Operation Granby and has a range of 30 km: the AS-90, a self-propelled howitzer, and the L118, a 105 mm towed gun-howitzer, used primarily by lighter units and in support of the Royal Marines .
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We use operational service providers to efficiently provide the full range of content, activities, services, features and functions we bring you and we disclose your Information to operational service providers for the purpose of providing services to us.
  • British Army Infantry Recruitment Video | SPIKE 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.The AS-90 is a 155 mm self-propelled gun.^ The Army uses three main artillery systems; the MLRS, which debuted in Operation Granby and has a range of 30 km: the AS-90, a self-propelled howitzer, and the L118, a 105 mm towed gun-howitzer, used primarily by lighter units and in support of the Royal Marines .
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The L118 Light Gun is a 105 mm towed gun used primarily in support of 16 Air Assault Brigade, 19 Light Brigade and 3 Commando Brigade (Royal Marines).^ The Army uses three main artillery systems; the MLRS, which debuted in Operation Granby and has a range of 30 km: the AS-90, a self-propelled howitzer, and the L118, a 105 mm towed gun-howitzer, used primarily by lighter units and in support of the Royal Marines The Rapier FSC Missile System is the Army's primary battlefield air defence system, widely deployed since the Falklands War; and the Starstreak HVM is an surface-to-air missile, launched either by a single soldier or from a vehicle-mounted launcher.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Army uses three main artillery systems; the MLRS, which debuted in Operation Granby and has a range of 30 km: the AS-90, a self-propelled howitzer, and the L118, a 105 mm towed gun-howitzer, used primarily by lighter units and in support of the Royal Marines .
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Royal Marines Commando : Plays with snake, gets naked together and then eats it.

.The Rapier FSC Missile System is the Army's primary battlefield air defence system, widely deployed since the Falklands War; and the Starstreak HVM (High Velocity Missile) is a surface-to-air weapon, launched either by a single soldier or from a vehicle-mounted launcher.^ If mounted on a vehicle the M/RSU can fire a single missile from its launch rail.
  • British Army 2300AD: Infantry Equipment 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Rapier FSC Missile System is the Army's primary battlefield air defence system, widely deployed since the Falklands War; and the Starstreak HVM is an surface-to-air missile, launched either by a single soldier or from a vehicle-mounted launcher.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Army uses three main artillery systems; the MLRS, which debuted in Operation Granby and has a range of 30 km: the AS-90, a self-propelled howitzer, and the L118, a 105 mm towed gun-howitzer, used primarily by lighter units and in support of the Royal Marines The Rapier FSC Missile System is the Army's primary battlefield air defence system, widely deployed since the Falklands War; and the Starstreak HVM is an surface-to-air missile, launched either by a single soldier or from a vehicle-mounted launcher.
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The Starstreak fills a similar role to the American FIM-92 Stinger
.The Army Air Corps (AAC) provide direct aviation support for the Army, although the RAF also assist in this role.^ The Starstreak is the fills a similar role to the American FIM-92 Stinger The Army Air Corps (AAC) provide direct aviation support for the Army, although the RAF also assist in this role.
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^ The Army Air Corps (AAC) provide direct aviation support for the Army, although the RAF also assist in this role.
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^ Although the Royal Navy is widely regarded as having been vital for the rise of Empire, and British dominance of the world, the British Army played important roles in colonisation.
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.The primary attack helicopter is the Westland WAH-64 Apache; a license-built, modified version of the AH-64 Apache that will replace the Westland Lynx AH7 in the anti-tank role.^ British Army Westland WAH-64 Apache Longbow attack helicopter .

^ The primary attack helicopter is the Westland WAH-64 Apache; a license-built, modified version of the AH-64 Apache that will replace the Westland Lynx AH7 in the anti-tank role.
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^ The British Army has amongst some of the best trained troops and the most advanced equipment, such as Challenger II main battle tanks and Apache Longbow attack helicopters .

.The Westland Lynx performs several roles including tactical transport, armed escort, reconnaissance and evacuation.^ The Westland Lynx performs several roles including tactical transport, armed escort, reconnaissance and evacuation as well as anti-tank warfare; it can carry eight TOW anti-tank missiles.
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^ The primary attack helicopter is the Westland WAH-64 Apache; a license-built, modified version of the AH-64 Apache that will replace the Westland Lynx AH7 in the anti-tank role.
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.It was also used in the anti-armour role; it could carry eight TOW anti-tank missiles.^ The LAW is a lightweight ILAW weapon that is obsolete for its originally intended anti-armour role.
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^ The primary attack helicopter is the Westland WAH-64 Apache; a license-built, modified version of the AH-64 Apache that will replace the Westland Lynx AH7 in the anti-tank role.
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^ 'Can I ask you, as a Christian, have you ever seen at first hand any sort of reprisals carried out by Freemasons using masonic influence against any non-Freemason or anti-Freemason?'
  • Freemasons: The silent destroyers? The Knights Templar at the highest levels? Initiation rituals almost identical to those of witchcraft! 25 September 2009 15:48 UTC www.heart7.net [Source type: Original source]

The TOW missile system for the Lynx was withdrawn from service by the MOD in December 2005.
The Bell 212 is used as a specialist utility and transport helicopter, with a crew of two and a transport capacity of twelve troops.
.The Westland Gazelle helicopter is a light helicopter, primarily used for battlefield reconnaissance and control of artillery and aircraft.^ The Westland Gazelle helicopter is a light helicopter, primarily used for battlefield scouting and control of artillery and aircraft.
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^ The Britten-Norman Islander is a light aircraft used for airborne reconnaissance and command, primarily in Northern Ireland.
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^ Westland Gazelle Helicopters .
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.The Eurocopter AS 365N Dauphin[17] is used for Special Operations Aviation, along with the Gazelle.^ The Agusta A109 is used for Special Operations Aviation, along with the Gazelle.
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The Britten-Norman Islander is a light aircraft used for airborne reconnaissance and command.

Formation and structure

British Army Arms and Services
Flag of the British Army.svg
Combat Arms
Royal Armoured Corps
Infantry
Army Air Corps
Combat Support Arms
Royal Artillery
Royal Engineers
Royal Corps of Signals
Intelligence Corps
Combat Services
Royal Army Chaplains Department
Royal Logistic Corps
Army Medical Services
Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
Adjutant General's Corps
Small Arms School Corps
Army Physical Training Corps
General Service Corps
Corps of Army Music
.The structure of the British Army is complex, due to the different origins of its various constituent parts.^ Many historians consider Salamanca as Wellington's greatest victory The structure of the British Army was complex, due to the different origins of its various constituent parts.
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^ The structure of the British Army is complex, due to the different origins of its various constituent parts.
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^ The best part of the British Army was the infantry.
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.It is broadly split into the Regular Army (full-time soldiers and units) and the Territorial Army (part-time soldiers and units).^ The restrictions may also in part have been intended to pressurise the DCDA into agreeing to allow the army to patrol the Bogside without restriction as it began to do, in any case, shortly after this.
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^ Armed with a geographic area and time period, Orders of Battle and Army Lists at the PRO should tell you which regimental units were stationed where during what time periods.
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^ For champions of bullied soldiers, the MOD’s instinctive culture of secrecy has generated a suspicion of deliberate cover-up, not assisted by continued official reluctance to countenance a full, independent public enquiry into initial training in the Army.
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.In terms of its military structure, it has two parallel organisations, one administrative and one operational.^ A British military source in Basra said Dannatt's comments referred to Maysan province -- one of two regions controlled by British forces.
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^ Two Sergeants, one drummer, and 13 Privates also lost died and were buried in one of the Bermuda military graveyards.
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^ Organisation Recruitment Service Terms Culture Rank Structure Corps and Regiments Manouvre Units Associated Forces Major Facilities Role Playing Humour .

Administrative

.
  • Divisions administrating all military units, both Regular and TA, within a geographical area (e.g., 5 Div.^ Key training establishments in the area include the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (in a more picturesque part of the area), the Parachute Regiment Training Depot (which is not) and the Guards Division Training Centre.

    ^ They will be trained both by Cadres within the unit as well as on courses run at Brigade, Division or national level.

    ^ Today 'Aldershot' actually refers both to Aldershot and several towns in the area like Camberly, Sandhurst, Pirbright and Farnborough that are also home to the military.

    based in Shrewsbury).

Operational

.The major operational command is Headquarters Land Forces (incorporating Land Command and Headquarters Adjutant General).^ Operational: The three major commands are Land Command, Headquarters Adjutant General, and Headquarters Northern Ireland.
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^ The Chief of the General Staff is the officer responsible for the Army's contribution to the national defence effort and he maintains control through the commander and the staff branches of each of these headquarters.
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^ "Major-General Gabriel Christie, Colonel Commandant, The 60th (Royal American) Regiment, 1787."

.Corps made up of two or more divisions (now unlikely to be deployed as a purely national formation due to the size of the British Army); e.g., the ARRC.^ Strength and Deployment of the British army.
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^ THERE have been more than 25,300 desertions from the British Army since 1998, according to Ministry of Defence figures released in a parliamentary written answer.
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^ During that period over 20,000 British soldiers lost their lives (killed in action, died of wounds or died from disease - two thirds of all deaths was due to disease).
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.
  • Division made up of two or three brigades with an HQ element and support troops.^ Brigade made up of three Battalions an HQ element and associated support troops.
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    ^ Division made up of two or three Brigades with an HQ element and support troops.
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    ^ Commanded by a General Brigade made up of three Battalions an HQ element and associated support troops.
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    .Commanded by a Major-General.^ "Major-General Gabriel Christie, Colonel Commandant, The 60th (Royal American) Regiment, 1787."

    ^ Operational: The three major commands are Land Command, Headquarters Adjutant General, and Headquarters Northern Ireland.
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    .
    • Brigade made up of between three and five battalions, an HQ element and associated support troops.^ Brigade made up of three Battalions an HQ element and associated support troops.
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      ^ Division made up of two or three Brigades with an HQ element and support troops.
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      ^ Commanded by a General Brigade made up of three Battalions an HQ element and associated support troops.
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      Commanded by a Brigadier. .
      • Battalion of about 700 soldiers, made up of five companies commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel, or
      • Battlegroup.^ The officer commanding the combined 38th/77th forces was Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Richmond Street.
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        ^ Behind the bush was a young German soldier, not more than about 16, shouting in German, ‘don’t shoot me, I’m going to give up’.
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        ^ They were led by Lieutenant Colonel Philip Barry who was sent out from England in 1844 as Commanding Officer of the Royal Engineers based in Bermuda.
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        .This is a mixed formation of armour, infantry, artillery, engineers and support units, and its structure is task specific.^ This is a mixed formation of armour, infantry, artillery, engineers and support units, and its structure is task specific.
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        ^ Infantry regiment was not a tactical unit, it was an administrative formation that never took the field.
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        ^ It is formed around the core of either an armoured regiment or infantry battalion, and has other units added or removed from it as necessary.
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        .It is formed around the core of either an armoured regiment or infantry battalion, and has other units added or removed from it as necessary.^ It is formed around the core of either an armoured regiment or infantry battalion, and has other units added or removed from it as necessary.
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        ^ His Army postings from there included with the KSLI, Durham Light Infantry, Wuppertal in Germany with the DCLI - where he was 2nd in Command of that regiment, then Commanding Officer of his battalion of the KSLI in Kenya.
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        ^ The light companies of different regiments are sometimes formed into provisional battalions, - a practice directly in opposition to the purpose for which that species of troops was originally intended.
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        .A battlegroup will typically consist of between 600 and 700 soldiers under the command of a Lieutenant Colonel.^ A battlegroup will typically consist of between 600 and 700 soldiers under the command of a Lt. Colonel.
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        ^ Commanded by a Brigadier Battalion of about 700 soldiers, made up of five companies commanded by a Lieutenant-Colonel or: Battlegroup.
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        ^ The officer commanding the combined 38th/77th forces was Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Richmond Street.
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        .
        • Company of about 100 soldiers, typically in three platoons, commanded by a Major.^ Platoon of about 30 soldiers, commanded by a Second Lieutenant or Lieutenant.
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          ^ Company of about 100 soldiers, typically in three platoons, commanded by a Major.
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          ^ Commanded by a Brigadier Battalion of about 700 soldiers, made up of five companies commanded by a Lieutenant-Colonel or: Battlegroup.
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          .
          • Platoon of about 30 soldiers, commanded by a Second Lieutenant, Lieutenant or, for specialist platoons such as recce or anti-tank, a Captain.^ Such cohesion is particularly important in a small professional army such as Britain’s, where even soldiers from specialist and technical corps are expected to fight.
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            ^ These are either combat soldiers trained to be musicians (such as the Drums Platoons found in most infantry units) or specialist musicians who are also trained to act as medical orderlies in time of war.

            ^ Once recovered from his wounds, Willy returned to frontline fighting in a new tank; this time as driver for an officer who was Second-in-Command of the Squadron.
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.A number of elements of the British Army use alternative terms for battalion, company and platoon.^ A number of element of the British Army use alternative terms for Battalion, Company and Platoon.
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^ Such were the numbers of the British army in 1775 and such they had approximately been ever since the close of the Seven Years' War.

^ The British Army still has a large number of animals in its ranks, from horses for ceremonial duties to dogs for guarding barracks.

.These include the Royal Armoured Corps, Corps of Royal Engineers, Royal Logistic Corps, and the Royal Corps of Signals who use regiment (battalion), squadron (company) and troop (platoon).^ Royal Artillery and 3-4 companies of Royal Engineers .
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^ The Royal Regiment of Artillery are unique in using the term Regiment in place of both Corps and Battalion, they also replace Company with Battery and Platoon with Troop.
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^ These include the Royal Armoured Corps,Royal Corps of Engineers, Royal Logistics Corps, and the Royal Corps of Signals who use Regiment, Squadron and Troop.
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.The Royal Artillery are unique in using the term regiment in place of both corps and battalion, they also replace company with battery and platoon with troop.^ The Royal Regiment of Artillery are unique in using the term Regiment in place of both Corps and Battalion, they also replace Company with Battery and Platoon with Troop.
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^ Detachment, 6th Battalion, Royal Artillery .
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^ A number of element of the British Army use alternative terms for Battalion, Company and Platoon.
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Divisions

.The British Army currently has 6 divisions with two (1st Armoured Division and 3rd Infantry Division) being deployable.^ The best part of the British Army was the infantry.
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^ Strength and Deployment of the British army.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ French Genaral Foy writes: "The infantry is the best portion of the British army.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

Name Headquarters Subunits
1ukdiv.gif 1st Armoured Division Herford, Germany 3 Armoured or Mechanised Brigades.
British 2nd Infantry Division.png 2nd Infantry Division Craigiehall, near Edinburgh Four regional brigades.
British 3rd Infantry Division2.png 3rd Infantry Division Bulford, Salisbury Two mechanized brigades, one light brigade and one infantry brigade.
British 4th Infantry Division Insignia (New).png 4th Infantry Division Aldershot Three regional brigades.
5div.gif 5th Infantry Division Shrewsbury Three regional brigades, one air assault brigade and Colchester Garrison.
Sixdivlogo.PNG 6th Infantry Division York Deployable divisional HQ. Created to support the UK's rotational command of HQ Regional Command South.

Aviation components

.The British Army operates alongside the Royal Air Force as part of a Joint Force, but the army also has its own Army Air Corps.^ The British Army co-operates heavily with the Royal Air Force for air support but the army also has its own Army Air Corps.
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^ The best part of the British Army was the infantry.
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^ Aerial components The British Army co-operates heavily with the Royal Air Force for air support but the army also has its own Army Air Corps.
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Special forces

.The British Army contributes two of the three special forces formations within the United Kingdom Special Forces Command; the Special Air Service Regiment and the Special Reconnaissance Regiment.^ The AAC has in its arsenal: Westland Apache Helicopters Westland Lynx Helicopters Westland Gazelle Helicopters Bell 212 Helicopters Britten-Norman Islander Aircraft Agusta A109 Special forces Main article: United Kingdom Special Forces The British army contributes two of the three special forces formations within the United Kingdom Special Forces Command; the Special Air Service Regiment and the Special Reconnaissance Regiment.
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^ Transport[Army] British Army's Transport units .
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^ The British army contributes two of the three special forces formations within the United Kingdom Special Forces Command; the Special Air Service Regiment and the Special Reconnaissance Regiment.
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The most famous formation is the Special Air Service Regiment. .Formed in 1941, the SAS is considered the role model for many other special forces units in the world.^ Formed in 1941, the SAS is the role model for every other special force in the world [citation needed].
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^ At the outbreak of war, they were under orders to return to the United Kingdom as soon as possible to form new divisions for the British Expeditionary Force in France and Belgium.
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^ The British Army is deployed in many of the world's war zones as part of a fighting force and in United Nations peacekeeping forces.
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[18]
.The SAS comprises one regular Regiment and two Territorial Army Regiments.^ It was estimated that by 1860 some two thirds of the British Army including the English country regiments was constituted by Irishmen or their descendants.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the most noticeable elements of the British Army is its regimental system, whereby soldiers will serve with an individual Corps or Regiment throughout their career.

^ It is one of two regiments of the Guards that can trace its lineage to the Cromwell's New Model Army.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.The regular Regiment, 22 SAS, has its headquarters and depot located in Hereford and consists of five squadrons: A, B, D, G and Reserve with a training wing.^ The regular regiment, 22 SAS Regiment has its headquarters and depot located in Hereford and consists of five squadrons: A, B, D, G and Reserve and a training wing.
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^ The SAS comprises one regular Regiment and two Territorial Army Regiments and is headquartered at Duke of York Barracks, London.
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^ Phase One consists of ten weeks of basic training, which for all but infantry soldiers is run in common depots around the country.

.The regiment has battlespace roles in deep reconnaissance, target identification and indication and target destruction and denial.^ The regiment has battlespace roles in deep reconnaissance, target identification and indication and target destruction and denial.
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^ The two reserve SAS regiments; 21 SAS Regiment and 23 SAS Regiment have a more limited role, focusing on the battlespace, with tasks including Long Range Reconnaissance Patrols and Combat Search and Rescue; rather than Counter-Terrorism.
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.The two reserve SAS Regiments; 21 SAS and 23 SAS have a more limited role, to provide depth to the UKSF group through the provision of Individual and collective augmentation to the regular component of UKSF and standalone elements up to task group (Regimental) level focused on support and influence (S&I) operations to assist conflict stabilisation.^ The two reserve SAS regiments; 21 SAS Regiment and 23 SAS Regiment have a more limited role, focusing on the battlespace, with tasks including Long Range Reconnaissance Patrols and Combat Search and Rescue; rather than Counter-Terrorism.
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^ In its Counter Terrorism role it is seen as one of the prime anti-terrorist, hostage rescue and target capture units in the world The two reserve SAS regiments; 21 SAS Regiment and 23 SAS Regiment have a more limited role, focusing on the battlespace, with tasks including Long Range Reconnaissance Patrols and Combat Search and Rescue; rather than Counter-Terrorism.
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^ The regular regiment, 22 SAS Regiment has its headquarters and depot located in Hereford and consists of five squadrons: A, B, D, G and Reserve and a training wing.
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[19]
.The Special Reconnaissance Regiment (SRR) which was formed in 2005, from existing assets, undertakes close reconnaissance and special surveillance.^ The Special Reconnaissance Regiment (SRR) which was formed in 2005, from existing assets, undertakes close reconnaissance and special surveillance tasks.
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^ The light companies of different regiments are sometimes formed into provisional battalions, - a practice directly in opposition to the purpose for which that species of troops was originally intended.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The British army contributes two of the three special forces formations within the United Kingdom Special Forces Command; the Special Air Service Regiment and the Special Reconnaissance Regiment.
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tasks.[20]
.Formed around 1st Battalion the Parachute Regiment, with attached Royal Marines and RAF Regiment assets, the Special Forces Support Group are under the Operational Control of Director Special Forces to provide operational manoeuvre support to the elements of United Kingdom Special Forces.^ Wing, 1st Battalion, Royal Norfolk Regiment .
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^ Formed around 1st Battalion the Parachute Regiment, with attached Royal Marines and Royal Air Force assets, the Special Forces Support Group are under the Operational Control of Director Special Forces to provide Infantry support to the elements of United Kingdom Special Forces Recruitment The Army mainly recruits within the United Kingdom, and normally has a recruitment target of around 25,000 soldiers per year.
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^ Formed around 1st Battalion the Parachute Regiment, with attached Royal Marines and Royal Air Force assets, the Special Forces Support Group are under the Operational Control of Director Special Forces to provide Infantry support to the elements of United Kingdom Special Forces .
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Recruitment

.The Army mainly recruits within the United Kingdom, it normally has a recruitment target of around 25,000 soldiers per year.^ The Army mainly recruits within the United Kingdom, and normally has a recruitment target of around 25,000 soldiers per year.
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^ Formed around 1st Battalion the Parachute Regiment, with attached Royal Marines and Royal Air Force assets, the Special Forces Support Group are under the Operational Control of Director Special Forces to provide Infantry support to the elements of United Kingdom Special Forces Recruitment The Army mainly recruits within the United Kingdom, and normally has a recruitment target of around 25,000 soldiers per year.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If only five per cent of Freemasons use - abuse - the Craft for selfish or corrupt ends it means there are 25,000 of them.
  • Freemasons: The silent destroyers? The Knights Templar at the highest levels? Initiation rituals almost identical to those of witchcraft! 25 September 2009 15:48 UTC www.heart7.net [Source type: Original source]

.Low unemployment in Britain has resulted in the Army having difficulty in meeting its target, in the early years of the 21st century there has been a marked increase in the number of recruits from other (mostly Commonwealth) countries.^ Low unemployment in Britain has resulted in the Army having difficulty in meeting its target, and in the early years of the 21st century there has been a marked increase in the number of recruits from other (mostly Commonwealth) countries, who as of mid-2004 comprised approximately 7.5% of the Army's total strength.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was great disagreement amongst the populace but the government voted for the war, with the result of sending over 30,000 army personnel to the region.
  • British Army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The vast majority were of Jewish origin, but there were also a significant number of other political refugees: Communists and ‘degenerate’ artists.
  • British Local History | History Encyclopaedia | Churchill's German army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.britishlocalhistory.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 2008 Commonwealth origin volunteers comprised approximately 6.7% of the Army's total strength. .In total 6,600 foreign soldiers from 42 countries were represented in the Army, not including Gurkhas.^ It was estimated that by 1860 some two thirds of the British Army including the English country regiments was constituted by Irishmen or their descendants.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was heightened by the fact that there was, in Derry, a strong Irish nationalist tradition which looked on such soldiers as a foreign army of occupation.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After the Gurkhas (who are from Nepal), the nation with most citizens in the British Army is Fiji, with 2,185, followed by Jamaica and Ghana with 600 each; many soldiers also come from more prosperous countries such as New Zealand, South Africa and the Republic of Ireland.^ Any citizen of the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Commonwealth of Nations (including Australia, Azania, Canada, New Zealand and many others) and the British Commonwealth (Wellon, Alicia and the other British colonial territories) can volunteer to serve with the British forces, subject only to the physical/mental suitability testing which every volunteer undergoes.

^ An examination of the location of the British army in 1775 reveals the fact that while small detachments of it were to be found in many distant quarters of the globe, the bulk of it was distributed unequally among three different countries.

^ Such were the numbers of the British army in 1775 and such they had approximately been ever since the close of the Seven Years' War.

The Ministry of Defence now caps the number of recruits from Commonwealth countries, although this will not affect the Gurkhas. .If the trend continues 10% of the army will be from Commonwealth countries before 2012. The cap is in place as some fear the army's British character is being diluted, and employing too many could make the army seen as employing mercenaries.^ Before Wellington the British army was not regarded as equal to some continental armies.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An examination of the location of the British army in 1775 reveals the fact that while small detachments of it were to be found in many distant quarters of the globe, the bulk of it was distributed unequally among three different countries.

^ Researchers have found a greater emphasis on formal military discipline in the British Army, compared with those of other Western European countries.
  • Battling Bullying in the British Army 1987 – 2004 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.pipss.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21]
.The minimum recruitment age is 16 years (after the end of GCSEs), although soldiers may not serve on operations below 18 years; the maximum recruitment age was raised in January 2007 from 26 to 33 years.^ Although the nickname may have been earned 50 - 75 years earlier, the regiment was still referred to by the nickname ( such as the "Slashers" for the 28th Foot.

.The normal term of engagement is 22 years, and, once enlisted, soldiers are not normally permitted to leave until they have served at least 4 years.^ At the end of 1939, they were permitted to enlist into the only unit open to enemy aliens at that time: the non-combatant Pioneer Corps .
  • British Local History | History Encyclopaedia | Churchill's German army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.britishlocalhistory.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even the aloof English officers least inclined to appreciate the northern barbarians had to admit that they made extraordinary defensive soldiers.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was in Bermuda until at least 1864 because the 39th Regimental Band gave a concert in January of that year for amateur dramatics night of children of garrison officers.
  • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]
.There has been a strong and continuing tradition of recruiting from Ireland including what is now the Republic of Ireland.^ It was heightened by the fact that there was, in Derry, a strong Irish nationalist tradition which looked on such soldiers as a foreign army of occupation.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Almost 150,000 Irish soldiers fought in the First World War; 49,000 died.^ It is almost 70 years since the outbreak of the Second World War.
  • British Local History | History Encyclopaedia | Churchill's German army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.britishlocalhistory.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During that period over 20,000 British soldiers lost their lives (killed in action, died of wounds or died from disease - two thirds of all deaths was due to disease).
  • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He married Bermudian Agnes Matilda Whitecross and they then travelled the Empire with the Army, returning to Bermuda after the First World War.
  • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More than 60,000 Irishmen, more than from Northern Ireland, also saw action in the Second World War; like their compatriots in the Great War, all were volunteers.^ There were more than 410,000 recruits.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ireland supplies more soldiers, in proportion to its population, than the other two kingdoms.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With more than 1,000 men, it arrived via troopship in early February, 1880, fresh from South Africa, where they fought the Zulus.
  • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There were more than 400 men serving from the Republic in 2003.[23]

Oath of allegiance

Troops of the Grenadier Guards on guard at Buckingham Palace. Various army regiments supply troops to guard the Royal residences.
.All soldiers must take an oath of allegiance upon joining the Army, a process known as attestation.^ Costello - "The Peninsular and Waterloo Campaigns" p 121 ) The soldiers of Moore's army were described as "They were all, however, volunteers The average age of the soldiers was 23, and their average height 5'6".
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

Those who believe in God, and wish to swear by Him, use the following words:
.
I (your name), swear by Almighty God that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, her heirs and successors and that I will as in duty bound honestly and faithfully defend Her Majesty, her heirs and successors in person, crown and dignity against all enemies and will observe and obey all orders of Her Majesty, her heirs and successors and of the generals and officers set over me.^ Having been stood-down by the Duke of Brunswick and placed in reserve due to casualties after Minden, Major General Kingsley, also Colonel of the regiment, declined to obey the order with the words "Kingsley's Regiment, at its own request will resume its portion of duty in the line."

^ Your user name and password are personal to you and you may not allow any others to use your user name or password under any circumstances.
  • British Army Infantry Recruitment Video | SPIKE 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Each syllable of the 'ineffable name' represents one personality of this Trinity: JAH Jahweh, The God of the Hebrews.
  • Freemasons: The silent destroyers? The Knights Templar at the highest levels? Initiation rituals almost identical to those of witchcraft! 25 September 2009 15:48 UTC www.heart7.net [Source type: Original source]

[24]
Others replace the words "swear by Almighty God" with "solemnly, sincerely and truly declare and affirm".[25]

Training establishments

.
The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst is the home of British Army officer training
  • Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS) is the officer training establishment.^ In the 1840s, the British Army built roads long before the American military did in the 1950s).
    • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ American military bases in Bermuda to 1995 Bermuda Forts by British Army British Military Graves in Bermuda .
    • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Aberdeen-born Ogilvy had qualified at the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh in the 1850s, going on to serve as a medical officer in the British Army during the Crimean War.
    • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    All officers, regular and reserve, attend RMAS at some point in their training.
  • Army Training Regiments:
    • ATR Bassingbourn
    • ATR Winchester
    • ATC Pirbright
  • Infantry Training Centres:
    • ITC Catterick
    • Infantry Battle School, Brecon
    • Support Weapons School, Warminster
  • Army Foundation College (Harrogate)
  • Regional training centres
  • Welbeck Defence Sixth Form College

Flags and ensigns

Flag Ratio: 3:5. The official flag of the Army.
.
The non-ceremonial flag of the British Army.
^ You are commenting on: British Army Infantry Recruitment Video Flag this Content as Inappropriate .
  • British Army Infantry Recruitment Video | SPIKE 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

Sometimes the word Army in gold letters appears below the badge.
.The British Army does not have its own specific ensign, unlike the Royal Navy, which uses the White Ensign, and the RAF, which uses the Royal Air Force Ensign.^ Army Pictures of the British Army, land forces and army weapons .
  • British Military - Military Pictures - Air Force Army Navy Missiles Defense 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.defencetalk.com [Source type: News]

^ Horatio Gates and the Continental Army were badly defeated by Lord Cornwallis and the British forces.
  • Revolutionary War Timeline 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Porter, History of the Royal Engineers, I, 203-207; Chichester, Records and Badges of the British Army, pp.

Instead, the Army has different flags and ensigns, for the entire army and the different regiments and corps. .The official flag of the Army as a whole is the Union Flag, flown in a ratio of 3:5. A non-ceremonial flag also exists, which is used at recruiting events, military events and exhibitions.^ While the America's Army series has helped promote military careers to American youth, the use of video games for recruitment has become an increasingly controversial subject in recent times.
  • British Army Attacks Recruitment Issue With Online Game | GamePolitics 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ The U.S. Army is using Halo 3 to recruit new troops.
  • British Army Infantry Recruitment Video | SPIKE 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ In protecting the state, the army could not expect the whole-hearted support of dissatisfied and alienated Catholic moderates and the levels of repression they used were unacceptable to moderates.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It also flies from the MOD building in Whitehall.[26]
.Whilst at war, the Union Flag is always used, and this flag represents the Army on the Cenotaph in Whitehall, London (the UK's memorial to its war dead).^ Types of muskets and cartridges used by the army in 1775 may be seen in the Museum of the Royal United Service Institution, London.

^ The British Army had always used Irishmen, in fact it is has been said "the British Empire was won by the Irish, administered by the Scots and Welsh and the profits went to the English".
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.A British Army ensign also exists for vessels commanded by a commissioned officer, the Blue Ensign defaced with the Army badge.^ The king was the nominal commander of the British army.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord Cornwallis assumes command of the British Army in the South.
  • Revolutionary War Timeline 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Porter, History of the Royal Engineers, I, 203-207; Chichester, Records and Badges of the British Army, pp.

.Army Vessels are operated by the Maritime element of the Royal Logistic Corps.^ Many of the men with technical skills were transferred from the Pioneer Corps to the Royal Engineers , Royal Army Medical Corps and REME (Royal Electical and Mechanical Engineers).
  • British Local History | History Encyclopaedia | Churchill's German army 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.britishlocalhistory.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Royal Army Medical Corps .
  • British Army in Bermuda from 1701 to 1977 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC www.bermuda-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each Foot Guards and line regiment (which does not include The Rifles and Royal Gurkha Rifles (RGR)) also has its own flags, known as Colours—normally a Regimental Colour and a Queen's Colour.^ Regiment of Foot Guards, 1775-1776."

^ Edward Costello writes: "The Rifle regiment, it is well known, had distinguished itself, and had suffered severely, especially in the retreat to Corunna under the gallant Moore.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Regiment of Foot Guards, the Scots Guards, can trace their origins back to an army that was raised by Archibald 1st Marquess of Argyll, in 1642.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

The design of different Regimental Colours. vary but typically the colour has the Regiment's badge in the centre. The RGR carry the Queen's Truncheon in place of Colours.

Ranks, specialisms and insignia

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Edit
No Equivalent
Field Marshal1 General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
Abbreviation FM Gen Lt Gen Maj Gen Brig Col Lt Col Maj Capt Lt 2nd Lt
  • 1Now an honorary or wartime rank only.
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
United Kingdom United Kingdom
(Edit)
UK-Army-OR9.png No
Equivalent
No
Insignia
Warrant Officer Class One (Conductor) Warrant Officer Class One Warrant Officer Class Two (Quartermaster Sergeant) Warrant Officer Class Two (Sergeant Major) Staff Sergeant/
Colour Sergeant
Sergeant Corporal/
Bombardier
Lance-Corporal/
Lance-Bombardier
Private/regimental equivalent
Every regiment and corps has its own distinctive insignia, such as cap badge, beret, tactical recognition flash and stable belt.
.Throughout the army there are many official specialisms.^ It is a mark of the faith which many still had in the intentions of the British government and army that despite the lack of consultation, there was little initial objection to the restrictions.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If there was some ambivalence in the attitudes of the Official Republicans to the riots, the Provisionals took an unequivocal attitude to those youths who were condemned as 'hooligans' by so many Derry Catholics.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They do not affect rank, but they do affect pay bands.
Band 2 Specialisms: Band 3 Specialisms:
Musician Survey Technician
Farrier Lab Technician
Driver Tank Transporter Registered General Nurse
Radar Operator Telecom Op (Special)
Meteorologist Aircraft Technician
Bomb Disposal Engineer SAS Trooper
Telecom Op (Linguist) Ammunition Technician (Bomb Disposal)
Operator Special Intelligence
Construction Materials Technician
Driver Specialist
Armoured Engineer

Royal Navy and RAF ground units

.The other armed services have their own infantry units which are not part of the British Army.^ The best part of the British Army was the infantry.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many historians consider Salamanca as Wellington's greatest victory The structure of the British Army was complex, due to the different origins of its various constituent parts.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ French Genaral Foy writes: "The infantry is the best portion of the British army.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

The Royal Marines are amphibious light infantry forming part of the Naval Service, and the Royal Air Force has the RAF Regiment used for airfield defence, force protection duties and Forward Air Control.

Overseas Territories military units

Two Bermuda Regiment Warrant Officers.
Numerous military units were raised historically in British territories, including self-governing and Crown colonies, and protectorates. .Few of these have appeared on the Army List, and their relationship to the British Army has been ambiguous.^ In Derry it appears it was the army itself which was largely deciding what role it should take, and these decisions affected and changed the shape of the conflict.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Whereas Dominions, such as Canada and Australia, raised their own armies, the defence of Crown possessions (like the Channel Islands), and colonies (now called Overseas Territories) was, and is, the responsibility of the UK (due to their status as territories of Britain, not British protectorates).^ They called now for the army to rule with an iron fist.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seems plausible that the army, which had seen its responsibilities contract dramatically over the previous two decades as the British Empire shrank rapidly, welcomed this new role which increased the Army's importance, raised its profile and gave it a sense of purpose.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Chief of the General Staff is the officer responsible for the Army's contribution to the national defence effort and he maintains control through the commander and the staff branches of each of these headquarters.
  • Freemasons: The silent destroyers? The Knights Templar at the highest levels? Initiation rituals almost identical to those of witchcraft! 25 September 2009 15:48 UTC www.heart7.net [Source type: Original source]

.All military forces of overseas territories are, therefore, under the direct command of the UK Government, via the local Governor and Commander-In-Chief.^ Whether or not the motion is carried, under local government regulations, all councillors who are freemasons will have to declare an interest before the matter is debated, and thus reveal their status.
  • Freemasons: The silent destroyers? The Knights Templar at the highest levels? Initiation rituals almost identical to those of witchcraft! 25 September 2009 15:48 UTC www.heart7.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you'" (Matt.
  • Freemasons: The silent destroyers? The Knights Templar at the highest levels? Initiation rituals almost identical to those of witchcraft! 25 September 2009 15:48 UTC www.heart7.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A united British-Spanish-Portuguese army, under the command of Wellington, eventually forced the French out of Spain, in what the Spanish came to call their War of Independence.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of the units in colonies, or former colonies, were also actually formed at the behest of the UK Government as it sought to reduce the deployment of the British Army on garrison duties around the world at the latter end of the 19th century.^ Strength and Deployment of the British army.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This solidity and tenacity in attack and defense, form the great redeeming quality of the British army, and have alone saved it from many a defeat, well-merited and all but intentionally prepared by the incapacity of its officers, the absurdity of its administration, and the clumsiness of its movements."
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The history of the British army spans over 350 years and numerous European and colonial wars.
  • British army and infantry : Napoleonic Wars : Uniforms : Tactics : Organization 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC napoleonistyka.atspace.com [Source type: Original source]

Today, three overseas territories retain locally-raised military units, Bermuda, Gibraltar, and the Falkland Islands. .The units are patterned on the British Army, are subject to review by the Ministry of Defence, and are ultimately under the control of the British government, not the local governments of the territories (though day-to-day control may be delegated to Ministers of the territorial governments).^ It was not a big step from that to the realisation that the British army was maintaining the conditions for that continued control.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a mark of the faith which many still had in the intentions of the British government and army that despite the lack of consultation, there was little initial objection to the restrictions.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As one former British CO in West Belfast put it, Ultimately these Catholic areas could only be governed by the British by the methods, however mollified, that all occupying nations use to hold down all occupied territories.
  • CAIN: Events: Deployment of Troops: O Dochartaigh, Niall (1997) 'The British Army' 3 February 2010 14:46 UTC cain.ulst.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Despite this, the units may have no tasking or funding from the MOD, and are generally raised under acts of the territorial assemblies.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b http://www.dasa.mod.uk/applications/newWeb/www/apps/publications/pubViewFile.php?content=160.11&date=2009-12-16&type=html&PublishTime=09:30:00
  2. ^ http://www.dasa.mod.uk/applications/newWeb/www/index.php?searchterm=reserves+forces&page=45
  3. ^ Bloomfield, K Stormont in Crisis (Belfast 1994) p 114
  4. ^ PRONI: Cabinet conclusions file CAB/4/1460
  5. ^ McKernan, Michael (2005). Northern Ireland in 1897-2004 Yearbook 2005. Stationery Office. pp. 17. ISBN 978-0954628420. 
  6. ^ a b "Operation Banner: An analysis of military operations in Northern Ireland" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. 2006. http://www.patfinucanecentre.org/misc/opbanner.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  7. ^ "Army paper says IRA not defeated". BBC News. 2007-07-06. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6276416.stm. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  8. ^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary ISBN 0-19-861131-5
  9. ^ Collins English Dictionary ISBN 0-00-716334-7
  10. ^ See "Inside the British Army" by Antony Beevor ISBN 071134658
  11. ^ Armed forces.co.uk
  12. ^ http://www.dasa.mod.uk/applications/newWeb/www/index.php?page=48&thiscontent=160&date=2010-03-02&pubType=1&PublishTime=09:30:06&from=home&tabOption=1
  13. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/1162108.stm
  14. ^ http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/news/world/13+britain+building+fc+training+camp+in+pakistan+report-za-02
  15. ^ http://www.army.mod.uk/equipment/support-weapons/17927.aspx
  16. ^ http://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2009/04/10/british-armys-new-combat-shotgun/
  17. ^ Tim Ripley (10 December 2008). "UK Army Air Corps received Dauphins". Janes Defence Weekly, Vol. 45, Issue 50: 10. 
  18. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/kenya/2466432/Kenyan-troops-accused-of-torture-were-trained-by-SAS.html
  19. ^ "Special Air Service (Reserve) - (SAS(R))". MoD. http://www2.army.mod.uk/uksf/special_forces_soldier_reserve_/sas/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-06. "The role of SAS (R) is to provide depth to the UKSF group through the provision of: Individual and collective augmentation to the regular component of UKSF. Standalone elements up to task group (Regimental) level focused on Support and Influence (S&I) operations to assist conflict stabilisation" 
  20. ^ http://www.army.mod.uk/specialforces/9677.aspx
  21. ^ "Commonwealth recruitment caps & current commonwealth troop levels.". Guardian Newspaper. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/apr/05/military.defence. 
  22. ^ "Recruitment Age for Army Raised". BBC News. 2007-01-06. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6236345.stm. Retrieved 2007-01-12. 
  23. ^ ‘Ian's death brought people together' in the Daily Telegraph 19 March 2003
  24. ^ "Welcome to the new British Army Website - British Army Website". Army.mod.uk. http://www.army.mod.uk/servingsoldier/usefulinfo/valuesgeneral/adp5milcov/ss_hrpers_values_adp5_3_w.html#selfless. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  25. ^ http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/v_s_of_the_british_army.pdf
  26. ^ britishflags.net- British Army (non-ceremonial)

External links


Simple English

File:Sadler, Battle of
The Battle of Waterloo one of the greatest victories in British military history, in part due to the sound tactics of their Commander, the Duke of Wellington, and Emperor Napoleon's temperament, which was influenced by the knowledge that even if he won the battle, he was still outnumbered at least three-to-one by his numerous enemies.

The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. It came into being with unification of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. The new British Army incorporated Regiments that had already existed in England and Scotland and was administered by the War Office from London. Since 1963 it has been managed by the Ministry of Defence.

History

From roughly 1763 the United Kingdom has been one of the leading military and economic powers of the world. The British Empire expanded in this time to include colonies, protectorates, and Dominions throughout the Americas, Africa, Asia and Australasia. Although the Royal Navy is widely regarded as having been vital for the rise of Empire, and British dominance of the world, the British Army played important roles in colonisation.

The British army was heavily involved in the Napoleonic Wars in which the army served in Spain, across Europe, and in North Africa. The war between the British and French Empires stretched around the world. The British Army finally came to defeat Napoleon at one of Britain's greatest military victories at the battle of Waterloo.

Under Oliver Cromwell, the English Army had been active in the conquest, and the settlement, of Ireland since the 1650s. The Cromwellian campaign was characterised by its uncompromising treatment of the Irish towns that had supported the Royalists during the English Civil War.

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Up to date as of December 13, 2010

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