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Mixed (United Kingdom ethnicity category)
Lewis Hamilton (crop).jpgCorinne Bailey Rae B&W.jpgRio Ferdinand, 2004.jpgSir Ben Kingsley by David Shankbone.jpg
Myleene Klass -- Greatest Britons.jpgLeonalewis.jpgMichael chopra.jpg
Notable Mixed-Race Britons
Top row: Lewis Hamilton, Corinne Bailey Rae, Rio Ferdinand, Ben Kingsley


Bottom row: Myleene Klass, Leona Lewis, Michael Chopra

Total population
England England 870,000 (2007)[1]
White and Black Caribbean - 282,900
White and Black African - 114,300
White and Asian - 260,900
Other Mixed - 212,000
Wales Wales 17,661 (2001)
Scotland Scotland 12,764 (2001)
Northern Ireland 3,319 (2001)
Regions with significant populations
London, West Midlands, Nottingham, Greater Manchester, Liverpool, Sheffield, West Yorkshire, Middlesbrough, Bristol, Leicester, Luton, Slough, Reading, Berkshire, Cardiff, Oxford, Milton Keynes, Derby, Newcastle upon Tyne
Languages

British English

Religion

Christianity, Islam, others

Mixed is an ethnicity category included in the 2001 United Kingdom Census. The mixed race category contained 9 sub-categories of mixed ethnic combinations. Colloquially it refers to British citizens or residents whose parents are of two or more different races or ethnic backgrounds. Mixed-race people are the fastest growing ethnic group in the UK.

Contents

Statistics

In the 2001 census, 677,177 classified themselves as of mixed race, making up 1.2 per cent of the UK population.[2] Office for National Statistics estimates suggest that 870,000 mixed race people were resident in England (as opposed to the whole of the UK) as of mid-2007, compared to 654,000 at mid-2001.[3] The estimates for mid-2007 suggest that there are 283,000 people in the Mixed White and Black Caribbean category, 114,000 Mixed White and Black African, 261,000 Mixed White and Asian, and 212,000 Other Mixed.[3] The White and Black African group grew fastest in percentage terms from 2001 to 2007, followed by White and Asian, Other Mixed and then White and Black Caribbean.[3] It has been estimated that, by 2020, 1.24 million people in the UK will be of mixed race.[4]

3.5 per cent of all births in England and Wales in 2005 were mixed race babies, with 0.9 per cent being Mixed White and Black Caribbean, 0.5 per cent White and Black African, 0.8 per cent White and Asian, and 1.3 per cent any other mixed background.[5]

Mixed-race people are the fastest growing ethnic minority group (defined according to the National Statistics classification) in the UK and are predicted to be the largest minority group by 2020.[6]

Notable mixed-race/ethnic Britons

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Mixed Black Caribbean and White

Mixed Black African and White

Mixed Other Black and White

  • Damon Buffini, (African-American father/English mother), Businessman
  • Dina Carroll (African-American/English), singer
  • Oona King (African-American father/Jewish mother), former Labour MP
  • Tobi James Oputa (Nigerian/St Lucian/Welsh), Sprinter
  • Slash (musician) (English father/African-American mother), musician
  • Ryan Giggs (Sierra Leone/Welsh father, Welsh Mother), footballer

Mixed South Asian and White

Mixed East Asian and White

  • Mutya Buena (Filipino-Spanish father / Irish mother), singer and songwriter. Former and founding member of the Sugababes.
  • Alexa Chung (English mother / Chinese father), TV presenter and former model
  • Jamie Cullum (British-Jewish father / Anglo-Burmese mother), singer, songwriter, pianist, guitarist and drummer
  • Rachel Grant (English father / Filipino mother), actress
  • Myleene Klass (Austrian-British father / Filipino mother), classical musician, model, and TV presenter
  • Max Minghella (English father (Anthony Minghella) / Chinese mother), actor
  • KT Tunstall (Irish father / half-Chinese mother), singer
  • Rory Underwood (English father / Chinese mother), rugby player
  • Tony Underwood (English father / Chinese mother), rugby player
  • Gok Wan (Chinese father / English mother), fashion consultant, author and television presenter

Other Mixed

  • Billy Boston, mixed-race Welsh rugby player
  • David Jordan (Indian father / Montserratian mother), singer and songwriter
  • Wentworth Miller (African-American, Jamaican, German, English, Jewish father / Russian, French, Dutch, Syrian, Lebanese mother), British-born American actor
  • Delroy Pearson (Afro-Caribbean Jamaican father / Indo-Caribbean Jamaican mother), member of pop group Five Star
  • Denise Pearson (Afro-Caribbean Jamaican father / Indo-Caribbean Jamaican mother), member of pop group Five Star[8]
  • Doris May Pearson (Afro-Caribbean Jamaican father / Indo-Caribbean Jamaican mother), member of pop group Five Star
  • Lorraine Samantha Jean Pearson (Afro-Caribbean Jamaican father / Indo-Caribbean Jamaican mother), member of pop group Five Star
  • Stedman Pearson (Afro-Caribbean Jamaican father / Indo-Caribbean Jamaican mother), member of pop group Five Star
  • Frederick Duleep Singh (Indian Punjabi father (Duleep Singh) / German-Ethiopian mother), Sikh prince
  • Sophia Duleep Singh (Indian Punjabi father (Duleep Singh) / German-Ethiopian mother), Sikh princess and women's suffrage activist
  • Victor Duleep Singh (Indian Punjabi father (Duleep Singh) / German-Ethiopian mother), Sikh prince
  • Vanessa White (Black English father / Spanish-Filipino mother), singer. Member of The Saturdays
  • Sufiah Yusof (Pakistani father / Malay mother), former math prodigy
  • MC Zani (Indian Mauritian father / Filipino mother), beatboxer

Groups

There are several groups in the UK that help promote mixed race hertiage and raise awareness.

  • Turquoise Association [9]
  • Intermix
  • Mix-d:uk

References

  1. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?adminCompAndTimeId=25403%3A280&a=7&b=276743&c=london&d=13&r=1&e=13&f=24438&o=254&g=325264&i=1001x1003x1004x1005&l=1809&m=0&s=1254850916322&enc=1
  2. ^ "Population size: 7.9% from a minority ethnic group". Office for National Statistics. 2003-02-13. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/CCI/nugget.asp?ID=273. Retrieved 2009-10-03.  
  3. ^ a b c "Population estimates by ethnic group: 2001 to 2007 commentary". Office for National Statistics. September 2009. p. 5. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_population/PEEGCommentary.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-03.  
  4. ^ Smith, Laura (2007-01-23). "Mixed messages". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2007/jan/23/post975. Retrieved 2009-10-03.  
  5. ^ Moser, Kath; Stanfield, Kristina M. and Leon, David A. (2008). "Birthweight and gestational age by ethnic group, England and Wales 2005: Introducing new data on births". Health Statistics Quarterly 39: 22–31. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/articles/hsq/HSQ39Birthwt&Gest_ethnicity.pdf.  
  6. ^ Pinnock, Karlene (2009-08-12). "Mixed race 'fastest growing minority'". BBC 1Xtra. http://news.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/hi/the_p_word/newsid_10000000/newsid_10000900/10000910.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  
  7. ^ "Historical figures: Mary Seacole)". BBC History. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/seacole_mary.shtml. Retrieved 2009-06-19.  
  8. ^ YouTube - "Five Star at the salon"', 26 May 2006
  9. ^ 21st-century Britons are no longer either black or white. Guardian. January 18, 2009.

See also


Template:Infobox ethnic group

Mixed Race was included as an ethnic classification on the UK Census from 2001. The mixed race category contained 9 sub-categories of mixed ethnic combinations. Colloquially it refers to British citizens whose parents are of different races or ethnic backgrounds, and to the offspring of such people. Britain has the largest mixed race population the EU and they are the fastest growing demographic group in the UK.

Contents

Statistics

In the 2001 census, people of mixed race made up 1.2% of the UK population with 677,117 people. The UK national statistics now estimate that as of 2006, almost 830,000 mixed race people reside in England alone, of which those of White and Black Caribbean origin make up the largest share, followed by those of White and Asian origin.[1]

Mixed Race Population by Category (2006 Numbers)

  • White and Black Caribbean: 274,500 or 0.5 percent. (14.6 percent increase since 2001)
  • White and South Asian: 246,400 or 0.5 percent. (24.0 percent increase since 2001)
  • White and Black African: 107,700 or 0.2 percent. (27.3 percent increase since 2001)
  • Other mixed-race (example: Black and Asian): 200,900 or 0.4 percent. (23.2 percent increase since 2001)

Mixed Race breakdown in the United Kingdom

Total in United Kingdom: 863,520 or 1.4 percent

The mixed race population is the fastest growing group, climbing by more than 21 percent in 5 years since the 2001 census. Of the mixed race population, the white and Black African category has grown the fastest.

The mixed race population has a younger age profile than any other minority ethnic group in Britain, where 50% is under 18 years of age. By the year 2020, mixed race Britons (of any 2 races) are expected to have outnumbered British Indians (currently more than 1.6 million members), to become the largest ethnic minority in Britain, showing a 50% increase in the mixed race population in a decade to come[2][3]. According to National statistics, in 2005, 3.5 percent of all births in Britain were mixed race or 22,730 babies though this number could be higher in the 2008 year.[4]

Notable mixed-race/ethnic Britons

Mixed Black Caribbean and White

Mixed Black African and White

Mixed Other Black and White

  • Damon Buffini, (African-American father/English mother), Businessman
  • Dina Carroll (African-American/English), singer
  • Oona King (African-American father/Jewish mother), former Labour MP
  • Tobi James Oputa (Nigerian/St Lucian/Welsh), Sprinter
  • Slash (musician) (English father/African-American mother), musician
  • Ryan Giggs (Sierra Leone/Welsh father, Welsh Mother), footballer

Mixed South Asian and White

Mixed East Asian and White

  • Mutya Buena (Filipino father / Spanish-Irish mother), singer. Former member of the Sugababes
  • Alexa Chung (English mother / Chinese father), TV presenter and former model
  • Jamie Cullum (British-Jewish father / Anglo-Burmese mother), singer, songwriter, pianist, guitarist and drummer
  • Rachel Grant (English father / Filipino mother), actress
  • Myleene Klass (Austrian father / Filipino mother), classical musician, model, and TV presenter
  • Max Minghella (English father (Anthony Minghella) / Chinese mother), actor
  • KT Tunstall (Irish father / half-Chinese mother), singer
  • Rory Underwood (English father / Chinese mother), rugby player
  • Tony Underwood (English father / Chinese mother), rugby player
  • Gok Wan (Chinese father / English mother), fashion consultant, author and television presenter
  • Vanessa White (English father / Spanish-Filipino mother), singer. Member of The Saturdays

Other Mixed

  • Freema Agyeman (Ghanaian father / Iranian mother), actress
  • Billy Boston, mixed-race Welsh rugby player
  • David Jordan (Indian father / Montserratian mother), singer and songwriter
  • Wentworth Miller (African-American, Jamaican, German, English, Jewish father / Russian, French, Dutch, Syrian, Lebanese mother), British-born American actor
  • Frederick Duleep Singh (Indian Punjabi father (Duleep Singh) / German-Ethiopian mother), Sikh prince
  • Sophia Duleep Singh (Indian Punjabi father (Duleep Singh) / German-Ethiopian mother), Sikh princess and women's suffrage activist
  • Victor Duleep Singh (Indian Punjabi father (Duleep Singh) / German-Ethiopian mother), Sikh prince
  • Sufiah Yusof (Pakistani father / Malay mother), former math prodigy

References

See also


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