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British Rail Class 104
50517 and 50455 at Bewdley.JPG
Class 104, nos. 50517 and 50455, at Bewdley on the Severn Valley Railway, on 15 October 2004, whilst taking part in the Railcar 50 event. This unit has been returned to service, and is preserved on the Churnet Valley Railway.
In service 1957–1993
Manufacturer Birmingham RC&W
Constructed 1957–1959
Number built 71 DMBS, 52 DMCL, 15 DTCL, 56 TCL, 26 TBSL, 26 TSL. Total: 302 cars
Formation 2 car sets: DMBS-DTCL
3 car sets: DMBS-TCL-DMCL
4 cars sets:DMCL-TSL-TBSL-DMCL
Capacity DMBS: 52, DMCL/DTCL: 12F 51S, TCL: 12F 54, TBSL: 51, TSL: 69
Operator British Rail
Specifications
Car length 57 ft 6 in (17.53 m)
Width 9 ft 3 in (2.82 m)
Maximum speed 70 miles per hour (110 km/h)
Weight DMCL/DMBS: 31 long tons (31.5 t),
TBSL: 25 long tons (25.4 t),
DTCL/TCL/TSL: 24 long tons (24.4 t)
Engine(s) Two B.U.T. (Leyland) 6-cylinder diesels of 150 bhp each
Power output 300 bhp (220 kW)
Transmission Mechanical: 4 speed epicyclic gearbox
Braking system(s) Vacuum
Safety system(s) Automatic Warning System
Gauge 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)

The British Rail Class 104 diesel multiple units were built by Birmingham Railway Carriage and Wagon Company from 1957 to 1959.

The first units ordered were for the London Midland Region, with the majority of the class for use in North West of England with sets also in Tyneside (being made redundant by the opening of the Tyne & Wear Metro in 1980). In the mid-1980s a few units reallocated to Scotland, with one unit being repainted in a unique maroon and white livery for services to Oban - it became known as the "Mexican Bean". Other vehicles spent time in London and the last vehicles could be found there in the early 1990s.

The class was gradually taken of service from the early 1980s. The final vehicles were withdrawn in 1995.

Contents

Orders

Lot
No.
Car type Qty Fleet
numbers
Service
30290 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 4 50420–50423 L.M.R. three car sets
30291 Driving Motor Lavatory Composite (DMCL) 4 50424–50427 L.M.R. three car sets
30292 Trailer Lavatory Composite (TCL) 4 59132–59135 L.M.R. three car sets
30293 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 52 50428–50479 L.M.R. three car sets
30294 Driving Motor Lavatory Composite (DMCL) 52 50480–50531 L.M.R. three car sets
30295 Trailer Lavatory Composite (TCL) 52 59136–59187 L.M.R. three car sets
30296 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 10 50532–50541 L.M.R. two car sets
30297 Driving Trailer Lavatory Composite (DTCL) 10 56175–56784 L.M.R. two car sets
30298 Driving Motor Lavatory Composite (DMCL) 42 50542–50583 N.E.R. four car sets
30299 Trailer Second Lavatory (TSL) 21 59188–59208 N.E.R. four car sets
30300 Trailer Brake Second Lavatory (TBSL) 21 59209–59299 N.E.R. four car sets
30301 Driving Motor Lavatory Composite (DMCL) 10 50584–50593 L.M.R. three car sets
30302 Trailer Second Lavatory (TSL) 5 59230–59234 N.E.R. four car sets
30303 Trailer Brake Second Lavatory (TBSL) 5 59240–59244 N.E.R. four car sets
30404 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 5 50594–50598 N.E.R. two car sets
30405 Driving Trailer Lavatory Composite (DTCL) 5 56185–56189 N.E.R. two car sets

Gallery

Preservation

The Churnet Valley Railway is the main location for Class 104 preservation, with six of the thirteen preserved vehicles based there. The line is geographically appropriate to the Class, being close to Stoke-on-Trent, Macclesfield, and other lines that the Class 104s served for most of their lives. A small restoration team has returned two of the four power cars to service, the set (M50455/M50517) being launched in 2004. Attention has now turned to unique Trailer Composite Lavatory (TCL) M59137, which when completed will strengthen the current 2-car set to 3 cars. Driving Trailer Composite Lavatory (DTCL) M56182, was recently cosmetically restored into BR Blue livery and performed demonstration sandite trains with Class 37 Diesel 37075.

The Llangollen Railway run a two-car set (M50454/M50528) and have a spare power car (M50447) which is currently out of service. They were the first to return a Class 104 to passenger service back in 1994 and have kept it in service every season bar one since.

The Telford Steam Railway is home to the other four vehicles, a two-car set (53479/53531) being used as hauled passenger stock. The other two (53556/59228) are stored out of service.

Number Vehicle Type Livery Location Notes
50437 DMBS Network SouthEast Churnet Valley Railway Stored awaiting restoration
50447 DMBS Green Llangollen Railway Stored awaiting restoration
50454 DMBS Green Llangollen Railway Operational (paired with 50528)
50455 DMBS Green Churnet Valley Railway Operational (paired with 50517)
50479 DMBS Green Telford Steam Railway Operational (paired with 50531)
50494 DMCL Blue Churnet Valley Railway Stored awaiting restoration
50517 DMCL Green Churnet Valley Railway Operational (paired with 50455)
50528 DMCL Green Llangollen Railway Operational (paired with 50454)
50531 DMCL Green Telford Steam Railway Operational (paired with 50479)
50556 DMCL Blue Telford Steam Railway Stored awaiting restoration
56182 DTCL Blue Churnet Valley Railway (ex sandite car) Stored awaiting restoration
59137 TCL Green Churnet Valley Railway Undergoing major restoration
59228 TBS Blue Telford Steam Railway Stored awaiting restoration

References

  • Fox, Peter; Webster, Neil (July 1982). Multiple Unit Pocket Book. Sheffield: Platform 5 Publications. ISBN 0-906579-26-0.  
  • Golding, Brian. A Pictorial Record of British Railways Diesel Multiple Units.  
  • Haresnape, Brian. British Rail Fleet Survey 8: Diesel Multiple Units—The First Generation.  
  • Marsden, Colin J.. Motive Power Recognition: 3 DMUs.  
  • Robertson, Kevin. British Railway Pictorial: First Generation DMUs.  
  • The ABC of British Railways Locomotives combined volume (1990s reprint ed.). Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Limited. 1959. ISBN 0-7110-0726-8.  

External links


British Rail Class 104
File:50517 and 50455 at
Class 104, nos. 50517 and 50455, at Bewdley on the Severn Valley Railway, on 15 October 2004, whilst taking part in the Railcar 50 event. This unit has been returned to service, and is preserved on the Churnet Valley Railway
In service 1957–1993
Manufacturer Birmingham Railway Carriage and Wagon Company
Constructed 1957–1959
Number built 71 DMBS, 52 DMCL, 15 DTCL, 56 TCL, 26 TBSL, 26 TSL. Total: 302 cars
Formation 2 car sets: DMBS-DTCL
3 car sets: DMBS-TCL-DMCL
4 cars sets:DMCL-TSL-TBSL-DMCL
Capacity DMBS: 52, DMCL/DTCL: 12F 51S, TCL: 12F 54, TBSL: 51, TSL: 69
Operator British Rail
Specifications
Car length 57 ft 6 in (17.53 m)
Width 9 ft 3 in (2.82 m)
Maximum speed 70 miles per hour (110 km/h)
Weight DMCL/DMBS: 31 long tons (31.5 t),
TBSL: 25 long tons (25.4 t),
DTCL/TCL/TSL: 24 long tons (24.4 t)
Engine(s) Two B.U.T. (Leyland) 6-cylinder diesels of 150 bhp each
Power output 300 bhp (220 kW)
Transmission Mechanical: 4 speed epicyclic gearbox
Braking system(s) Vacuum
Safety system(s) Automatic Warning System
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The British Rail Class 104 diesel multiple units were built by Birmingham Railway Carriage and Wagon Company from 1957 to 1959.

The first units ordered were for the London Midland Region, with the majority of the class for use in North West of England with sets also in Tyneside (being made redundant by the opening of the Tyne & Wear Metro in 1980). In the mid-1980s a few units reallocated to Scotland, with one unit being repainted in a unique maroon and white livery for services to Oban - it became known as the "Mexican Bean". Other vehicles spent time in London and the last vehicles could be found there in the early 1990s.

The class was gradually taken out of service from the early 1980s. The final vehicles were withdrawn in 1995.

Contents

Orders

Lot
No.
Car type Qty Fleet
numbers
Service
30290 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 4 50420–50423 L.M.R. three car sets
30291 Driving Motor Lavatory Composite (DMCL) 4 50424–50427 L.M.R. three car sets
30292 Trailer Lavatory Composite (TCL) 4 59132–59135 L.M.R. three car sets
30293 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 52 50428–50479 L.M.R. three car sets
30294 Driving Motor Lavatory Composite (DMCL) 52 50480–50531 L.M.R. three car sets
30295 Trailer Lavatory Composite (TCL) 52 59136–59187 L.M.R. three car sets
30296 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 10 50532–50541 L.M.R. two car sets
30297 Driving Trailer Lavatory Composite (DTCL) 10 56175–56784 L.M.R. two car sets
30298 Driving Motor Lavatory Composite (DMCL) 42 50542–50583 N.E.R. four car sets
30299 Trailer Second Lavatory (TSL) 21 59188–59208 N.E.R. four car sets
30300 Trailer Brake Second Lavatory (TBSL) 21 59209–59299 N.E.R. four car sets
30301 Driving Motor Lavatory Composite (DMCL) 10 50584–50593 L.M.R. three car sets
30302 Trailer Second Lavatory (TSL) 5 59230–59234 N.E.R. four car sets
30303 Trailer Brake Second Lavatory (TBSL) 5 59240–59244 N.E.R. four car sets
30404 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 5 50594–50598 N.E.R. two car sets
30405 Driving Trailer Lavatory Composite (DTCL) 5 56185–56189 N.E.R. two car sets

Gallery

Preservation

The Churnet Valley Railway is the main location for Class 104 preservation, with six of the thirteen preserved vehicles based there. The line is geographically appropriate to the Class, being close to Stoke-on-Trent, Macclesfield, and other lines that the Class 104s served for most of their lives. A small restoration team has returned two of the four power cars to service, the set (M50455/M50517) being launched in 2004. Attention has now turned to unique Trailer Composite Lavatory (TCL) M59137, which when completed will strengthen the current 2-car set to 3 cars. Driving Trailer Composite Lavatory (DTCL) M56182, was recently cosmetically restored into BR Blue livery and performed demonstration sandite trains with Class 37 Diesel 37075.

The Llangollen Railway run a two-car set (M50454/M50528) and have a spare power car (M50447) which is currently out of service. They were the first to return a Class 104 to passenger service back in 1994 and have kept it in service every season bar one since.

The Telford Steam Railway is home to the other four vehicles, a two-car set (53479/53531) being used as hauled passenger stock. The other two (53556/59228) are stored out of service.

Number Vehicle Type Livery Location Notes
50437 DMBS Network SouthEast Churnet Valley Railway Stored awaiting restoration
50447 DMBS Green Llangollen Railway Stored awaiting restoration
50454 DMBS BR Blue Small Yellow Warning Panels Llangollen Railway Operational (paired with 50528)
50455 DMBS Green Churnet Valley Railway Operational (paired with 50517)
50479 DMBS Green Telford Steam Railway Operational (paired with 50531)
50494 DMCL Blue Churnet Valley Railway Stored awaiting restoration
50517 DMCL Green Churnet Valley Railway Operational (paired with 50455)
50528 DMCL BR Blue Small Yellow Warning Panels Llangollen Railway Operational (paired with 50454)
50531 DMCL Green Telford Steam Railway Operational (paired with 50479)
50556 DMCL Blue Telford Steam Railway Stored awaiting restoration
56182 DTCL Blue Churnet Valley Railway (ex sandite car) Stored awaiting restoration
59137 TCL Green Churnet Valley Railway Undergoing major restoration
59228 TBS Blue Telford Steam Railway Stored awaiting restoration

References

  • Fox, Peter; Webster, Neil (July 1982). Multiple Unit Pocket Book. Sheffield: Platform 5 Publications. ISBN 0-906579-26-0. 
  • Golding, Brian. A Pictorial Record of British Railways Diesel Multiple Units. 
  • Haresnape, Brian. British Rail Fleet Survey 8: Diesel Multiple Units—The First Generation. 
  • Marsden, Colin J.. Motive Power Recognition: 3 DMUs. 
  • Robertson, Kevin. British Railway Pictorial: First Generation DMUs. 
  • The ABC of British Railways Locomotives combined volume (1990s reprint ed.). Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Limited. 1959. ISBN 0-7110-0726-8. 

External links


Simple English

British Rail Class 104
File:50517 and 50455 at
Class 104, nos. 50517 and 50455, at Bewdley on the Severn Valley Railway, on 15 October 2004, whilst taking part in the Railcar 50 event. This unit has been returned to service, and is preserved on the Churnet Valley Railway.
In service 1957–1993
Manufacturer Birmingham RC&W
Constructed 1957–1959
Number built 71 DMBS, 52 DMCL, 15 DTCL, 56 TCL, 26 TBSL, 26 TSL. Total: 302 cars
Formation 2 car sets: DMBS-DTCL
3 car sets: DMBS-TCL-DMCL
4 cars sets:DMCL-TSL-TBSL-DMCL
Capacity DMBS: 52, DMCL/DTCL: 12F 51S, TCL: 12F 54, TBSL: 51, TSL: 69
Operator British Rail
Specifications
Car length 57 ft 6 in (17.53 m)
Width 9 ft 3 in (2.82 m)
Maximum speed 70 miles per hour (110 km/h)
Weight DMCL/DMBS: 31 long tons (31.5 t),
TBSL: 25 long tons (25.4 t),
DTCL/TCL/TSL: 24 long tons (24.4 t)
Engine(s) Two B.U.T. (Leyland) 6-cylinder diesels of 150 bhp each
Power output 300 bhp (220 kW)
Transmission Mechanical: 4 speed epicyclic gearbox
Braking system(s) Vacuum
Safety system(s) Automatic Warning System
Gauge 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)

The British Rail Class 104 diesel multiple units were built by Birmingham Railway Carriage and Wagon Company from 1957 to 1959.

The first units ordered were for the London Midland Region, with the majority of the class for use in North West of England with sets also in Tyneside (being made redundant by the opening of the Tyne & Wear Metro in 1980). In the mid-1980s a few units reallocated to Scotland, with one unit being repainted in a unique maroon and white livery for services to Oban - it became known as the "Mexican Bean". Other vehicles spent time in London and the last vehicles could be found there in the early 1990s.

The class was gradually taken of service from the early 1980s. The final vehicles were withdrawn in 1995.


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