British Rail Class 92: Wikis

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British Rail Class 92
92027 George Eliot at Stafford in August 2005 with an intermodal train
Power type Electric
Builder Asea Brown Boveri and Brush Traction
Build date 1993–1996[1]
Total production 46 (seven stored)
Configuration Co-Co
UIC classification Co'Co'
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Length 21.34 m (70 ft 0 in)
Width 2.64 m (8 ft 8 in)
Height 3.95 m (13 ft 0 in) with pantograph down
Weight 126 tonnes (124 LT; 139 ST)
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC and 750 V DC
Current collection method 25 kV: Pantograph,
750 V: Third rail
Traction motors ABB traction converters using GTO, control via ABB MICAS-S2
Top speed 87 mph (140 km/h)
Power output 25 kV: 6,760 hp (5.04 MW),
750 V: 5,360 hp (4.00 MW)
Tractive effort 360 kN (81,000 lbf),
400 kN (90,000 lbf) with 'boost' mode applied
Locomotive brakes Westinghouse air, rheostatic and regenerative
Train brakes Westinghouse air
Career DB Schenker
Eurotunnel/Europorte 2
SNCF
Number 92001–92046

The Class 92 is a dual-voltage British Rail locomotive which can run on 25 kV AC from overhead wires or 750 V DC from a third rail. It was designed specifically to operate services through the Channel Tunnel between Britain and France. Eurotunnel indicates the Class 92 locomotive as the reference for other locomotives which railway undertakings might want to get certified for usage in the Channel tunnel.[2]

Contents

Design

The fleet of 46 locomotives was built by a consortium of Brush Traction and ABB Traction (now part of Bombardier) for British Rail. Parts construction was sub-contracted, with only final construction and commissioning being undertaken at Brush's erecting shops at Loughborough between 1993 and 1996 (First unit was produced from 1992, and was finished in April 1993)

The bodyshells, shared with the similar looking Class 60 diesel locomotives but with a modified front end, were fabricated by Bombardier Prorail (formerly Procor) of Horbury and delivered pre-painted in then standard triple grey livery.[3] Propulsion is provided by two ABB traction converters using GTO devices, with control via an ABB MICAS-S2. Maximum power is 6760 hp (5 MW) on 25 kV or 5360 hp (4 MW) on 750 V; with a tractive effort of 360 kN.

The locomotive is fitted with both rheostatic and regenerative brakes, in addition to standard westinghouse air brake equipment. An electrical train bus is fitted to enable two locomotives to work in multiple formation, either double-heading or push-pull passenger train with a Driving Van Trailer or DBSO.

Operations

Prior to introduction to service, two locomotives (92001 and 92002) were extensively tested at the Czech Railway's test track at Velim near Kolin. One locomotive was temporarily moved from here to Vienna Arsenal for climatic testing.

The majority of the class are named after European composers and writers. Post-privatisation the ownership was split between EWS, European Passenger Services (Eurostar (UK)) and SNCF.

During 2000 Eurostar (UK) offered their seven members of the class (92020 / 021 / 032 / 040 / 044-046) for sale being surplus to requirements with the non commencement of sleeper services through the Channel Tunnel. However no buyer could be found so they have now been decommissioned and stored at Crewe International electric depot. Five of these locomotives have now been purchased by Eurotunnel to be used by their Europorte 2 rail freight undertaking for short haul rail traffic in France.[1]

In 2009 a project is undertaken with the aim of allowing the class to be modified for operations on High Speed 1: ie with TVM signalling. Freight operations are expected to begin in 2010.[4]

The class is also notable in that the last train ever to travel under British Rail, the 2315 service from Dollands Moor to Wembley on 21 November 1997, was hauled by 92003 Beethoven.[5]

Liveries

All units were originally painted in Railfreight Distribution (RFD) two-tone grey livery at introduction in the late 1980s. Nine locomotives belonged to SNCF of France, and these were differentiated only by a small SNCF logo under the cab side-windows instead of a BR one. A number of class 92 locomotives for Railfreight Distribution had a "Sector Distribution" logo included, with the words "Railfreight Distribution" written along the locomotive side panels.

Following the privatisation of British Rail, all of the EWS-owned locomotives had originally been planned to be painted in the EWS' gold and maroon colours. In the end, only two locomotives received gold and maroon paint jobs(92001 and 92031). The rest of the locomotives had a large EWS Logo painted halfway along the side. For locomotives with Railfreight Distribution branding, this logo served to cover over the original Sector Distribution logo.

Six Class 92s allocated to Eurostar retained their two-tone grey livery although there had been a plan to repaint these locomotives into Nightstar two-tone green livery. The Nightstar venture was unsuccessful and the locomotives remained in two-tone grey until they were purchased by Europorte 2 in the 2000s.. Europorte painted the designation "Europorte 2" inside a large Eurotunnel-style circle. Two class 92s stored at Crewe depot throughout (92045 and 92046) are the only two British Class 92s still with full Railfreight Distribution two-tone grey liveries. SNCF unit liveries too have remained unchanged.

Following the takeover of EWS by DB Schenker, most of the fleet of class 92s will likely move to DB deep red liveries, matching that on previously repainted class 66s. In 2009, locomotive 92017 (formerly Shakespeare) was painted into Stobart Rail's blue and white livery and named Bart the Engine.

Fleet

Subclass Number built (year) TOPS number range Operators Comments
92/0 46 (1993-1996) 92001-92005, 92007-92009, 92011-92013, 92015-92017, 92019, 92022, 92024-92027, 92029-92031, 92034-92037, 92039, 92041-92042 DB Schenker
92020-92021, 92032, 92040, 92044 Europorte 2 Formerly owned by Eurostar for Nightstar sleeper services
92045-92046 Eurostar (UK) In storage
92006, 92010, 92014, 92018, 92023, 92028, 92033, 92038, 92043 SNCF

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b Development for Europorte 2: Eurotunnel buys five Class 92 locomotives
  2. ^ "Eurotunnel Network Statement - 2008 Working Timetable -" (PDF). Eurotunnel. 2008-03-18. http://www.eurotunnel.com/NR/rdonlyres/116B61C1-A669-4503-872C-FA1356B38F1F/0/DRR_NS_2008_EN_Final.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-23. "RUs [Railway Undertakings] may use as a frame of reference the Class 92 locomotive, which is currently used for freight trains in the Channel Tunnel. A technical description of this locomotive can be obtained from the Director of Railway Development, whose contact details are given in Section 2.1 of the Network Statement."  
  3. ^ rolling stock : class 60
  4. ^ Freight trains set to use High Speed 1, Thursday 16 April 2009 rail.dbschenker.co.uk
  5. ^ "EWS". Class 58 Locomotive Group. http://www.c58lg.co.uk/html/ews.html. Retrieved 2009-03-30.  

External links

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Simple English

British Rail Class 92
File:92027 George Eliot at
92027 George Eliot at Stafford in August 2005 with an intermodal train
Power type Electric
Builder Asea Brown Boveri and Brush Traction
Build date 1993–1996[1]
Total production 46 (seven stored)
Configuration Co-Co
UIC classification Co'Co'
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Length 21.34 m (70 ft 0 in)
Width 2.64 m (8 ft 8 in)
Height 3.95 m (13 ft 0 in) with pantograph down
Weight 126 tonnes (124 LT; 139 ST)
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC and 750 V DC
Current collection method 25 kV: Pantograph,
750 V: Third rail
Traction motors ABB traction converters using GTO, control via ABB MICAS-S2
Top speed 87 mph (140 km/h)
Power output 25 kV: 6,760 hp (5.04 MW),
750 V: 5,360 hp (4.00 MW)
Tractive effort 360 kN (81,000 lbf),
400 kN (90,000 lbf) with 'boost' mode applied
Locomotive brakes Westinghouse air, rheostatic and regenerative
Train brakes Westinghouse air
Career EWS
Eurotunnel/Europorte 2
SNCF
Number 92001–92046
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The Class 92 is a dual-voltage British railway locomotive which can run on 25 kV AC from overhead wires or 750 V DC from a third rail. It was designed specifically to operate services through the Channel Tunnel between Britain and France. Eurotunnel indicates the Class 92 locomotive as the reference for other locomotives which railway undertakings might want to get certified for usage in the Channel tunnel.[2]

References

  1. Development for Europorte 2: Eurotunnel buys five Class 92 locomotives
  2. "Eurotunnel Network Statement - 2008 Working Timetable -" (PDF). Eurotunnel. 2008-03-18. http://www.eurotunnel.com/NR/rdonlyres/116B61C1-A669-4503-872C-FA1356B38F1F/0/DRR_NS_2008_EN_Final.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-23. "RUs [Railway Undertakings] may use as a frame of reference the Class 92 locomotive, which is currently used for freight trains in the Channel Tunnel. A technical description of this locomotive can be obtained from the Director of Railway Development, whose contact details are given in Section 2.1 of the Network Statement." 


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