View of Brno from the Špilberk castle.
|Elevation||237 m (778 ft)|
|- elevation||425 m (1,394 ft)|
|- elevation||190 m (623 ft)|
|Area||230.19 km2 (88.9 sq mi)|
|- land||225.73 km2 (87 sq mi)|
|- water||4.46 km2 (2 sq mi)|
|- metro||3,170 km2 (1,224 sq mi)|
|Population||405,337 (December 11, 2009) |
|Density||1,761 /km2 (4,561 /sq mi)|
|Mayor||Roman Onderka (ČSSD)|
|Postal code||602 00|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Name||Tugendhat Villa in Brno|
|Region||Europe and North America|
Location in the Czech Republic
|Wikimedia Commons: Brno|
Brno (Czech pronunciation: [ˈbr̩no] ( listen); German: Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic, located in the southeast of the country. It was founded in 1243, although the area had been settled since the 5th century. As of December 2009 the population is 405,337. Brno is the capital of the South Moravian Region as well as the seat of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, the Supreme Court, the Supreme Administrative Court, the Supreme Prosecutor's Office and the Ombudsman.
Brno is located in the southeastern part of the country, at the confluence of the Svitava and Svratka rivers. The city is a political and cultural hub of the South Moravian Region (estimated population of 1,130,000 for the whole region). At the same time, it represents the centre of the province of Moravia, one of the historic lands of the Bohemian Crown. It is situated at the crossroads of ancient trade routes which have joined northern and southern European civilizations for centuries. Due to its location between the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands and the Southern Moravian lowlands, Brno has a moderate climate.
The etymology of the name Brno is disputed. It most likely comes from Old Czech brnen, brno 'muddy, swampy.' Alternative explanations derive it from a Slavic verb brniti (to armor or to fortify) or a Celtic language spoken in the area before it was overrun by Slavic and Germanic peoples (this theory would make it cognate with other Celtic words for hill, such as the Welsh word bryn). Throughout its history, Brno's locals also used to refer to the town in other languages, including Brünn in German, ברין in Yiddish and Bruna in Latin.
The city of Brno is divided into 29 city districts:
|Administrative division of Brno|
|Brno-Centre (Brno-střed)||Brno City (Město Brno), Pisárky (partly), Old Brno (Staré Brno), Stránice, Štýřice, Veveří, Trnitá (partly), Zábrdovice (partly)|
|Brno-Jundrov||Jundrov (partly), Pisárky (partly)|
|Brno-Kohoutovice||Kohoutovice, Jundrov (partly), Pisárky (partly)|
|Brno-Královo Pole||Černá Pole (partly), Královo Pole, Ponava, Sadová|
|Brno-Maloměřice a Obřany||Maloměřice (partly), Obřany|
|Brno-North (Brno-sever)||(Černá Pole (partly), Husovice, Lesná, Soběšice, Zábrdovice (partly))|
|Brno-Nový Lískovec||Nový Lískovec|
|Brno-Řečkovice a Mokrá Hora||Mokrá Hora, Řečkovice|
|Brno-South (Brno-jih)||Komárov, Dolní Heršpice, Horní Heršpice, Přízřenice, Trnitá (partly)|
|Brno-Starý Lískovec||Starý Lískovec|
|Brno-Tuřany||Brněnské Ivanovice, Dvorska, Holásky, Tuřany|
|Brno-Vinohrady||Maloměřice (partly), Židenice (partly)|
|Brno-Židenice||Zábrdovice (partly), Židenice (partly)|
Brno as such was acknowledged to be a town in 1243 by Václav I, King of Bohemia, but the area itself had been settled since the 5th century. From the 11th century, a castle of the governing Přemyslid dynasty stood here, and was the seat of the non-ruling prince.
During the mid-14th century Brno became one of the centres for the Moravian regional assemblies, whose meetings alternated between Brno and Olomouc. These regional authority bodies made decisions on political, legal, and financial questions. They were also responsible for the upkeep of regional records.
During the Thirty Years' War, in 1643 and 1645, Brno was the only city to successfully defend itself from Swedish sieges, thereby allowing the Austrian Empire to reform their armies and to repel the Swedish pressure. In recognition of its services, the city was rewarded with a renewal of its city privileges. In the years following the Thirty Years' War, the city became an impregnable baroque fortress. In 1742, the Prussians vainly attempted to conquer the city, and the position of Brno was confirmed with the establishment of a bishopric in 1777. In 1805, The Battle of Austerlitz took place 6 miles southeast of Brno.
In the 18th century, development of industry and trade began to take place, which continued into the next century. Soon after the industrial revolution, the town became one of the industrial centres of Moravia — sometimes it even being called the "Moravian Manchester". In 1839, the first train arrived in Brno. Together with the development of industry came the growth of the suburbs, and the city lost its fortifications, as did the Spielberg fortress, which became a notorious prison to where not only criminals were sent, but also political opponents of the Austrian Empire. Gas lighting was introduced to the city in 1847 and a tram system in 1869. Mahen Theatre in Brno was the first building in the world to use Edison's electric lamps.
During the "First Republic" (1918–1938) Brno continued to gain importance — it was during this period that Masaryk University was established (1919), the state armoury and automotive factory Československá státní zbrojovka Brno was established (1919), and the Brno Fairgrounds were opened in 1928 with an exhibition of contemporary culture. The city was not only a centre of industry and commerce, but also of education and culture. Famous people who lived and worked in the city include Gregor Mendel, Leoš Janáček, Viktor Kaplan, Jiří Mahen, and Bohuslav Fuchs. Milan Kundera was born here, leaving to Prague to pursue his university studies and never come back.
Public transport infrastructure consists of 13 tram (streetcar), 11 trolleybus, 36 day buses, 11 night bus lines and 1 ship (dam) routes. Service is provided mainly by Dopravní Podnik Města Brna (Brno City Transportation Company). Planned light rail line, which will run in a tunnel through the city centre, should minimize congestion of surface streetcars.
Brno lies on the main rail route connecting Prague and Vienna. Regular rail services operate along this section including the fast Supercity Pendolino tilting trains.
|Sunshine duration (h)||45.3||71.6||121.5||169.1||219.1||221.0||234.9||217.9||161.9||124.0||51.3||40.1|
These are the official twin cities of Brno:
Brno (German: Brünn) is a major city of the Moravia region in the Czech Republic. It is the largest city in South Moravia, the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and the third largest city by area. The city celebrated 750 years of "city status". It was founded around year 1000. Brno is the cultural and administrative center of South Moravia. The Supreme Court of the Czech Republic is situated here as well as many other important authorities. Its population is around 380,000 people.
From Vienna (Austria - 156 km), Prague (Praha - 250 km), Ostrava (172 km), Bratislava (Slovakia - 140 km) and also from number of smaller local towns as Česká Třebová and Jihlava. The Brno Central Station is located close to (10min walk) the center of town, with Náměstí svobody (Square of Freedom), Petrov (old town with cathedral), Vaňkovka (large shopping center) and other attractions just within a few minutes walk. Brno is an important stop on the Prague to Vienna / Bratislava railway line; all Eurocity and Intercity trains stop here.
Using highways - Ostrava, Bratislava, D1 highway from Prague or using any of a national roads. For the highway you have to buy a toll sticker.
200km from Prague airport
There are coach services from various European destinations including Prague.
Czech Airlines has a coach service from Prague to Brno.
Time table for all buses including international you can find on . Page is in Czech, English and German.
Student Agency is based in Brno and is probably the most comfortable service. There are more than 24 buses per day between Prague and Brno.
There's an international airport  at Brno-Tuřany with regular international services to London-Stansted (Ryanair, 1 flight/day), Moscow-Vnukovo (Atlant-Soyuz Airlines/SmartWings, twice a week) and domestic service to Prague (Czech Airlines(CSA), 4 flights a day). There is a frequent (every 30 minutes from aprox. 4:30AM to 11:30PM) public transport service (bus Nr. 76 ) connecting the airport with the regional and national bus station and the main train station in the center of the city. Fare is CZK 22, ticket buy beforehand in the information centre or ticket machine in the airport.
A unconventional, but beautiful way how to get to Brno (from it's periphery) is to take a cruiser at Veverská Bitýška village, which would take you (in summer season only) on a trip across Brněnská přehrada (Brno dam lake) to Brno-Bystrc.
The Integrated Transport System of the Southern Moravia Region (IDS JMK) operates all over the city and in the major part of the Southern Moravia Region; it includes trains, trams, buses and trolley-buses. You can travel around the city using a single ticket, the price differing depending on the number of zones you cross and time of expiration (10, 60, 90 minutes tickets are most common, starting at €0,40 for 10 mins, 0,60 for 60 mins ). In most places you can get transportation within 15 minutes (daytime). A number of taxi companies are operating in Brno city too. After 11pm the trams stop and the night buses start. Catch any of night buses at the main station on the hour.
There are yellow ticket vending machines at the larger bus and tram stations. All kinds of tickets you can buy at the railway station offices too. You can buy short-term tickets, but also 1, 3, 7 and 30 days passes. The price for a 3 day pass in January 2008 is CZK 130 (approx. €5). The vending machines accept coins only (some of them do not accept 50 CZK coin). In the non-working days the 1 day pass is valid together for 2 adults and 3 children up to 15 years.
If you experience any difficulties, visit one of the Tourist Information Centres located in city center, i.e. at Radnická street or Nádražní street. The Public Transport Information Centre is located near the Main Train Station at 18, Novobranska street (open Mo - Fr 6 am - 8 pm).
Visit the city celebration , held annually, which includes many family activities, including known as "Brno, the city in the center of Europe" .
Try city center or Vaňkovka Gallery for pleasure and general-purpose shopping. If you want more variety, try one of the many hyper-sized shopping centers typically located at on the edge of the city.
Czech food is mostly based around pork and potatoes. A Czech favorite is smažený sýr, fried cheese, which is available at many restaurants and fast food stands. A good option is to visit one of the many pubs or restaurants that usually offer traditional Czech food all day long. You could easily find a restaurant where you get a meal and a drink for around €5, even in the city center. Many of these places also offer cheaper special (limited, already prepared) menus at mid-day. Cafés offer a nice selection of rolls and pastries if you're looking for breakfast food. Visit the cukrárna near the House of the Four Idiots on nam. Svobody and try a rakvička ("little coffin", small pastry covered with cream). This is the only place in the Czech Republic to find the chocolate ones. You can find other tips for restaurants and pubs on Brno101, .
The traditional Brno beer is Starobrno, traditional non-alcoholic drink is kofola (a very different but captivating kind of cola). Both must be tasted in draught form! Dark beer (pivo cerny) is sweet and not very common here. There is a small private brewery named Pegas, a block west from the steeple of St James Church (sv. Jakub). The pub is equipped with modern brewing technologies, beer is made right in front of the guests' eyes. For night life try Charlie's (Hat), east on Koblizna street from the north end of Freedom Square. See a list of clubs and pubs recommended by a local guy .
There are many hotels all around Brno city. You can compare and choose hotels on *Brno Hotels Directory .
Moravia has a dense cluster of nearby sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List
Places near Brno - trips less than one hour
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Avoid the main train station after dark as it attracts a number of unsavory characters, the usual caution applies. Also keep a keen eye out when using Automated Teller Machines in the immediate area for similar reasons.
Brno listen (info • help) (-Czech, German: Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic. About 367.000 people live there. It is located in the center of the historical region Moravia. Brno is the capital of the South Moravian Region.
There are many historical monuments in the city, for example the Špilberk Castle, Villa Tugendhat, or the St. Peter and Paul Cathedral.
Masaryk University, the second largest university in the Czech Republic, is there. Among other universities in the city are Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts or Brno University of Technology.
Map cz Brno
The red dot is where Brno is in the Czech Republic
View over Brno