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Brooke Shields

Brooke Shields, 2008
Born Brooke Christa Camille Shields[1]
May 31, 1965 (1965-05-31) (age 44)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Occupation Actress, author, model
Years active 1966–present
Spouse(s) Andre Agassi (1997–1999)
Chris Henchy (2001–present)

Brooke Christa Camille Shields (born May 31, 1965) is an American actress, author and model.[2] Some of her better-known movies include Pretty Baby and The Blue Lagoon as well as TV shows such as Suddenly Susan, That 70's Show, and Lipstick Jungle.[1]

Contents

Early life

Shields was born in New York City[3] into a well-known American society family with links to Italian and French nobility.[4] Her grandmother was the Italian princess Donna Marina Torlonia.[5] Her father, Frank Shields, was a businessman, and her mother, Teri Shields managed her career. After May 31, 1965, Brooke Shields lived at 73 W. 59th St. in Manhattan.

When Brooke was only five days old, her mother decided she was going to have a show business career. According to her mother, "... She was the most beautiful child" and she was going to help her with her career. At eight years old, Brooke Shields posed nude and at ten, she was paid $45 to appear in Playboy.[6]

Shields adopted her middle name, Camille, for her Confirmation at age 10. Shields' parents divorced when she was a child. Shields has three half-sisters and two step siblings. She attended the all-girl Lenox School.[7] She graduated in 1983 from Dwight-Englewood School in Englewood, New Jersey.[1] Into the mid-1980s, Shields was a resident of Haworth, New Jersey.[8]

Brooke Shields became a symbol of childhood and the loss of innocence. At 12, she played a twelve year-old child prostitute. At 16, she had already worked for sixteen years and had made more money than the President of the United States. Eileen Ford, founder of the Ford Modeling Agency, said of Brooke Shields: "... She is a professional child and unique. She looks like an adult and thinks like one."[9]

Career

Modeling

Shields began her career as a model in 1966, at the age of 11 months. Her first job was for Ivory Soap, shot by Francesco Scavullo.[1] She continued as a successful child model with model agent Eileen Ford, who, in her Lifetime Network biography, stated that she started her children's division just for Shields. In early 1980 (at age 14), Shields was the youngest fashion model ever to appear on the cover of the top fashion publication Vogue magazine. Later that same year, Shields appeared in controversial print and TV ads for Calvin Klein jeans. The TV ad included her saying the famous tagline, "You want to know what comes between me and my Calvins? Nothing."[1][10][11] Brooke Shields ads would help catapult Klein's career to super-designer status.[12]

From 1981 to 1983, Brooke Shields, her mother, photographer Gary Gross, Playboy Press and the New York City Courts were involved in litigation over the rights to some photographs her mother had signed away to the photographer (when dealing with models who are also minors, a parent or legal guardian must sign such a release form while other agreements are subject to negotiation) which were originally intended to appear in a book titled Sugar and Spice to be published by Playboy Press. The courts ruled in favor of the photgrapher but due to a strange twist in New York law, it would have been otherwise had Brooke Shields been considered a child "performer" rather than a model.[13]

By the age of 16, Shields had become one of the most recognizable faces in the world, because of her dual career as a provocative fashion model and controversial child actress.[1] TIME magazine reported, in its February 9, 1981 cover story, that her day rate as a model was $10,000. In 1983, Shields appeared on the cover of the September issue of Paris Vogue, the October and November issues of American Vogue and the December edition of Italian Vogue.[14] During that period Shields became a regular at New York City's nightclub Studio 54.[15]

In 2009, a naked picture of Brooke Shields, taken when she was 10, and included in a work by Richard Prince, Spiritual America, created a row. It was removed from an exhibition at the Tate Modern after a warning from the police.[16]

Film

Shields' first major film role was her 1978 appearance in Louis Malle's Pretty Baby, a movie in which she played a child who lived in a brothel (and in which there were numerous nude scenes).[1] Because she was only 12 when the film was released, and possibly 11 when it was filmed, questions were raised about child pornography.[17][18][19] This was followed by a slightly less controversial and less notable film, Wanda Nevada (1979).

After two decades of movies, her best known films are still arguably The Blue Lagoon (1980), which included a number of nude scenes between teenage lovers on a tropical island (Shields later testified before a U.S. Congressional inquiry that older body doubles were used in some of them), and Endless Love (1981). The MPAA initially rated Endless Love with a X rating. However, the film was re-edited to earn a R rating.[20] She won the People's Choice Award in the category of Favorite Young Performer in four consecutive years from 1981 to 1984. In 1998, she played lesbian Lily in The Misadventures of Margaret.[21]

On January 22, 2001, at 9 PM EST, Lifetime (TV network) aired the film What Makes a Family, starring Brooke Shields and Cherry Jones in a true-to-life story of two married lesbian mothers and a baby versus the homophobic adoption laws of Florida. According to director Maggie Greenwald, in the film, Brooke and Cherry are one of the best couples ever.[22]

College

Shields put her film career on hold to attend Princeton University, from 1983 to 1987, and graduated with a degree in French literature.[14][23] Her senior thesis was titled "The Initiation: From Innocence to Experience: The Pre-Adolescent/Adolescent Journey in the Films of Louis Malle, Pretty Baby and Lacombe Lucien."[1] It was at Princeton where she spoke openly about her sexuality and virginity. During her tenure at Princeton, Shields was a member of the Princeton Triangle Club and the Cap and Gown Club. She wrote an autobiography, On Your Own, published in 1985.[24]

Shields with Princeton University Band for taping of Sally Jesse Raphael's Show (Feb 1991)

In the op-ed page of The New York Times, a Princeton education was subject to criticism as Brooke Shields school record was made available to public scrutiny. The 1986 graduate Shields received a degree in French and the criticism made an emphasis of the fact that Princeton did not make Shields take any courses in history, mathematics, economics, world literature or a science with laboratory experience.[25]

Television appearances

Shields has appeared in a number of television shows. In 1980, she was the youngest guest star to ever appear on The Muppet Show, in which she and the Muppets put on their own version of Alice In Wonderland. She was also the youngest person to host ABC's Fridays, a Saturday Night Live-like sketch comedy show, in 1981. In one episode of the popular comedy sitcom Friends, Shields played Joey's stalker. This role led directly to her being cast in the NBC sitcom Suddenly Susan, in which she starred from 1996 until 2000, and which earned a People's Choice Award in the category of Favorite Female Performer in a New Television Series for her, in 1997, and two Golden Globe nominations.[1]

In the early 1980s, she starred in the USPHS PSA sponsored by the American Lung Association as an initiative that VIPs should become examples and advocates of non-smoking.[26]

Shields made a couple of guest appearances on That '70s Show. She played Pam Burkhart, Jackie's (Mila Kunis) mother, who later was briefly involved with Donna's (Laura Prepon) father (played by Don Stark). Shields left That '70s Show when her character was written out. Shields recorded the narration for the Sony/BMG recording of The Runaway Bunny, a Concerto for Violin, Orchestra and Reader, by Glen Roven. It was performed by the Royal Philharmonic and Ittai Shapira.

In the late 2000s, Shields guest-starred on shows like FX's Nip/Tuck and CBS' Two and a Half Men. In 2005, Shields appeared in a season two episode of HBO's Entourage, entitled "Blue Balls Lagoon." In 2007, she made a guest appearance on Disney's Hannah Montana playing Susan Stewart, Miley and Jackson's mother, who died in 2004. In 2008, she returned in the primetime drama Lipstick Jungle. The series ended a year later.[1]

In 2010, Shields guest started on the situation comedy The Middle as the neighbor-nemesis of Frankie.[27][28][29]

On-stage productions

Shields has appeared in many on-stage productions, mostly musical revivals including Grease, Cabaret, Wonderful Town and Chicago on Broadway;[1] she also performed in Chicago in London's West End.

Personal life

In the June 2009 issue of Health magazine, Shields announced she lost her virginity at age 22. She said she would have had sex earlier if she had had a better image of her body.[30]

In the mid 1980s while at Princeton, Shields dated classmate Dean Cain.[31] Shields has also been linked to John F. Kennedy Jr,[32] actor Liam Neeson[33] and singer George Michael.[34]She was also a favorite date of Prince Naruhito of Japan.[35] After a romantic interlude with John Travolta, the 16 year-old Brooke Shields dated 18 year-old Mohammed, son of the arm-dealer billionaire Adnan Khashoggi, in Cannes where they first met.[36] At 18, Brooke Shields met Dodi Fayed and they became friends. Brooke was 24 years old when she spent the evening with Dodi Fayed in Paris to celebrate his 33rd birthday.[37]

By the 1990s, Brooke Shields would be exhibiting her physique as an extension of her womanhood, promoting physical fitness as an extension of femininity, demonstrating that femininity and athletics are consistent rather than incongruous. Although she was not the only one, Shields had what was required to promote woman athletics into the American mainstram: she was very feminine as a celebrity and as a model she really liked to dress up.[38]

Shields was married twice. From April 19, 1997 to April 9, 1999, Shields was married to professional tennis player Andre Agassi; the couple had been together since 1993.[39] On April 4, 2001, she married television writer Chris Henchy. The couple have two daughters: Rowan Frances (b. May 15, 2003) and Grier Hammond (b. April 18, 2006).

Postpartum depression

In the spring of 2005, Shields spoke to magazines (such as Guideposts) and appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show to publicize her battle with postpartum depression, an experience that included depression, thoughts of suicide, an inability to respond to her baby's needs and delayed maternal bonding. The illness may have been triggered by a traumatic childbirth, the death of her father three weeks earlier, stress from in vitro fertilization, a miscarriage and a family history of depression, as well as the hormones and life changes which were brought on by childbirth. Her book, Down Came the Rain, discusses her experience,[40] contributing to a greater public awareness of postpartum depression.[41]

In May 2005, Tom Cruise, a Scientologist whose beliefs frown upon psychiatry, condemned Shields, both personally and professionally, particularly for both using and speaking in favor of the antidepressant drug Paxil. As Cruise said, "Here is a woman and I care about Brooke Shields, because I think she is an incredibly talented woman, you look at [and think], where has her career gone?" Shields responded that Cruise's statements about anti-depressants were "irresponsible" and "dangerous." She said that he should "stick to fighting aliens" (a reference to Cruise's starring role in War of the Worlds as well as some of the more exotic aspects of Scientology doctrine and teachings), "and let mothers decide the best way to treat postpartum depression." The actress responded to a further attack by Cruise in an essay "War of Words" published in The New York Times on July 1, 2005, in which she made an individual case for the medication and said, "In a strange way, it was comforting to me when my obstetrician told me that my feelings of extreme despair and my suicidal thoughts were directly tied to a biochemical shift in my body. Once we admit that postpartum is a serious medical condition, then the treatment becomes more available and socially acceptable. With a doctor's care, I have since tapered off the medication but, without it, I wouldn't have become the loving parent I am today."[42] On August 31, 2006, according to USAToday.com,[43] Cruise privately apologized to Shields for the incident and Shields accepted and said that it was "heartfelt." Three months later, she and her husband attended the wedding of Cruise and Katie Holmes, in November, 2006. In spite of dire consequences, postpartum depression could be a sign that EFA levels are low.[44]

Shields is a spokeswoman for Tupperware's Chain of Confidence SMART Girls campaign, a program that teaches girls to nurture their mental and physical well-being.

Relationship with Michael Jackson

Shields spoke at the memorial service for Michael Jackson on July 7, 2009 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California, before a television audience of more than one billion people.[45] Shields stated in that speech that she first met Michael when she was 13 years old, and the two instantly became friends.[46] Shields said:

"Thinking back to when we met and the many times that we spent together and whenever we were out together, there would be a caption of some kind, and the caption usually said something like 'an odd couple' or 'an unlikely pair,' but to us it was the most natural and easiest of friendships... Michael always knew he could count on me to support him or be his date and that we would have fun no matter where we were. We had a bond... Both of us needed to be adults very early, but when we were together, we were two little kids having fun."[47]

In her eulogy speech, she also shared a number of anecdotes, including an occasion in which she was his date for one of Elizabeth Taylor's weddings, and the pair sneaked into Taylor's room to get the first look at her dress, only to discover Taylor asleep in the bed. Shields gave a tearful speech, referencing the many times she and Michael Jackson shared and briefly joked about his famous sequin glove. She also mentioned Jackson’s favorite song "Smile" by Charlie Chaplin which was later sung in the memorial service by Jermaine Jackson.[48]

New York Times columnist Gail Collins noted that "it was a little peculiar hearing Brooke Shields’s weepy testimony about her deep friendship with Jackson given the fact that she told reporters that the last time she saw him was at Elizabeth Taylor’s eighth wedding in 1991."[49] This however does not agree with Michael's statements during his 1993 interview with Oprah Winfrey that he was dating Shields at the time,[50] as well as with the fact that Shields was Michael Jackson's date to the 1993 Grammys.[51] Shields has stated that Jackson asked her to marry him numerous times and to adopt a child together.[52]

Jackson said of Shields in a conversation with Rabbi Shmuley Boteach in 2001:

"That was one of the loves of my life. I think she loved me as much as I loved her, you know? We dated a lot. We, we went out a lot. Her pictures were all over my wall, my mirror, everything. And I went to the Academy Awards with Diana Ross and this girl walks up to me and says "Hi, I'm Brooke Shields." Then she goes "Are you going to the after-party?" I go, "Yeah." "Good, I'll see you at the party." I'm going "Oh my God, does she know she's all over my room?" So we go the after-party. She comes up to me she goes, "Will you dance with me?" I went, "Yes. I will dance with you." Man, we exchanged numbers and I was up all night, singing, spinning around my room, just so happy. It was great."[53]

Filmography

Film
Year Film Role Notes
1976 Alice, Sweet Alice Karen Spages Alternative titles: Communion
Holy Terror
1978 Pretty Baby Violet
King of the Gypsies Tita
1979 Tilt Tilt (Brenda Louise Davenport)
Wanda Nevada Wanda Nevada
Just You and Me, Kid Kate
1980 The Blue Lagoon Emmeline
1981 Endless Love Jade Butterfield
1983 Sahara Dale
1984 The Muppets Take Manhattan Customer in Pete's
1989 Speed Zone! Stewardess/Herself Alternative title: Cannonball Fever
Brenda Starr Brenda Starr
1990 Backstreet Dreams Stevie Alternative title: Backstreet Strays
1992 Running Wild Christine Shaye Alternative title: Born Wild
1993 Freaked Skye Daley Alternative titles: Freak Show
Hideous Mutant Freekz
1994 The Postgraduate Fantasy Wife
The Seventh Floor Kate Fletcher
1996 Freeway Mimi Wolverton
1998 The Misadventures of Margaret Lily
1999 The Weekend Nina
Black and White Sam Donager
The Bachelor Buckley Hale-Windsor
2000 After Sex Kate
2004 Our Italian Husband Charlene Taylor Alternative title: Mariti in affitto
The Easter Egg Adventure Horrible Harriet Hare (Voice)
2005 Bob the Butler Anne Jamieson
2007 National Lampoon's Bag Boy Mrs. Hart
2008 Justice League: The New Frontier Carol Ferris (Voice) Direct-to-DVD release
The Midnight Meat Train Susan Hoff
Unstable Fables: Goldilocks & 3 Bears Show Ruby Bear (Voice)
2010 Furry Vengeance Tammy Sanders
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1974 After the Fall Quentin's Daughter Television movie
1977 The Prince of Central Park Kristin Television movie
1982 The Doctors Elizabeth Harrington Unknown episodes
1984 Wet Gold Laura Television movie
1988 The Diamond Trap Tara Holden Television movie
1992 Quantum Leap Vanessa Foster Episode: "Leaping of the Shrew"
1993 I Can Make You Love Me Laura Black Television movie
Alternative title: Stalking Laura
1993 Tale from the Crypt Norma 1 episode
1994 An American Love Greta 1 episode
1995 Nothing Lasts Forever Dr. Beth Taft Television movie
1996 Friends Erika Ford 1 episode
1996–2000 Suddenly Susan Susan Keane 93 episodes, producer
1998 The Almost Perfect Bank Robbery Cyndee Lafrance Television movie
2001 What Makes a Family Janine Nielssen Television movie
Just Shoot Me! Erlene Noodleman, Nina's Sister 1 episode
2003 Miss Spider's Sunny Patch Kids Miss Spider (Voice) Television movie
Gary the Rat Cassandra Harrison (Voice) 1 episode
2004 Gone, But Not Forgotten Betsy Tannenbaum Television movie
I'm with Her Ivy Tyler 1 episode
That 70s Show Pamela Burkhart 7 episodes
2005 New Car Smell April Television movie
2006 Law & Order: Criminal Intent Kelly Sloane-Raines 1 episode
Nip/Tuck Faith Wolper 3 episodes
2007 Two and a Half Men Danielle Stewert 1 episode
The Batman Julie (Voice) 1 episode
2007–2009 Hannah Montana Susan Stewart 3 episodes
2008 Widows Shirley Heller 1 episode
2008–2009 Lipstick Jungle Wendy Healy 20 episodes
2010 The Middle Rita Glossner 2 episodes

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 2008
  2. ^ Biography.com: Brooke Shields
  3. ^ Brooke Shields Biography - Biography.com
  4. ^ Boston Herald.com: Brooke Shields
  5. ^ Her ancestry is traced in William Addams Reitwiesner (1995). "The Lesbian ancestors of Prince Rainier of Monaco, Dr. Otto von Habsburg, Brooke Shields, and the Marquis de Sade". http://www.wargs.com/essays/lesbian.html. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  6. ^ Conner, Floyd (2002). Hollywood's Most Wanted. Brassey's. p. 107. ISBN 1574884807. http://books.google.com/books?id=apy3U0QevPYC&pg=PA107&dq=brooke+shields+playboy&lr=&cd=32#v=onepage&q=brooke%20shields%20playboy&f=false. "...Her beauty was going to contribute to mankind." 
  7. ^ Celebrity Prep Schools
  8. ^ Rondinaro, Gene. "IF YOU THINK OF LIVING IN; HAWORTH", The New York Times, January 26, 1986. Accessed February 19, 2007.
  9. ^ Handel, Gerald (2006). Childhood socialization. Aldine Transaction. p. 37. ISBN 0202306421. 
  10. ^ Vanity Fair Calvin Kline
  11. ^ Style.com Brooke Shields
  12. ^ Hall, Ann C. (1998). Delights, desires and dilemmas: essays on women and the media. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. xii. ISBN 0275961565. http://books.google.com/books?id=MD2mUa5dxYsC&pg=PR12&dq=brooke+shields+playboy&lr=&cd=58#v=onepage&q=brooke%20shields%20playboy&f=false. 
  13. ^ Siegel, Paul (2007). Communication Law in America. pp. 193-194. ISBN 0742553873. http://books.google.com/books?id=_hhqXPqqjOsC&pg=PA193&dq=brooke+shields+playboy&lr=&cd=59#v=onepage&q=brooke%20shields%20playboy&f=false. 
  14. ^ a b New York Fashion Brooke Shields career
  15. ^ http://blog.canoe.ca/ent/2009/09/30/the_remains_of_studio_54
  16. ^ Tate Modern removes naked Brooke Shields picture after police visit - Charlotte Higgins and Vikram Dodd - The Guardian - Sept 30 2009
  17. ^ 1978 Pretty Baby
  18. ^ Pretty Baby (1978)
  19. ^ People.com: Pretty Brooke
  20. ^ Weekly World News. July 14, 1981. p. 46. http://books.google.com/books?id=r-8DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA46&dq=Brooke+Shields+woman+fight&lr=&cd=19#v=onepage&q=&f=false. "... She's never been turned on by a kiss..." 
  21. ^ The Advocate. Dec 23, 1997. http://books.google.com/books?id=lWMEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PT11&dq=Brooke+Shields+woman+fight&lr=&cd=38#v=onepage&q=Brooke%20Shields%20woman%20fight&f=false. 
  22. ^ The Advocate. Jan 31, 2001. pp. 28-30. http://books.google.com/books?id=sWMEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA28&dq=Brooke+Shield+fight&lr=&cd=17#v=onepage&q=Brooke%20Shields%20fight&f=false. "'I really believe that if you are against gays and lesbians adopting and you watch this movie,' you will never feel that way again, promises executive producer Craig Zadan." 
  23. ^ Brooke Shields: Snapshot
  24. ^ Shields, Brooke (1985) On Your Own New York: Villard Books pp. 220 ISBN 0394544609 OCLC 11915327
  25. ^ Useem, Michael (1989). Liberal education and the corporation: the hiring and advancement of college graduates. Aldine Transaction. p. 11. ISBN 0202303574. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZB6buUusVm8C&pg=PA11&dq=Brooke+Shields+education&cd=1#v=onepage&q=Brooke%20Shields%20education&f=false. "... Allan Bloom's 1987 critique of the liberal-arts curriculum, The Closing of the American Mind." 
  26. ^ Campbell, George (1984). Health, education and youth: a review of research and development. Taylor & Francis. p. 189. ISBN 0905273549. 
  27. ^ http://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/TV/2009/12/22/Brooke-Shields-to-appear-on-The-Middle/UPI-97821261498808/
  28. ^ The Middle Fansite the-middle-abc.com
  29. ^ http://www.tvgrapevine.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5968:the-middle-a-double-whammie&catid=129:the-middle
  30. ^ Huffington Post.com, May 25, 2009 and Health Magazine, June 2009.
  31. ^ http://www.people.com/people/brooke_shields/biography
  32. ^ http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Fitzgerald-Kennedy-Jr.-9542094
  33. ^ http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biography_facts/1629:1908:1/Brooke_Shields.htm
  34. ^ http://www.colleges.com/Umagazine/articles.taf?category=200004&article=U.20004.BROOKE
  35. ^ Weekly World News. Dec. 7, 1993. p. 43. http://books.google.com/books?id=X-0DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA43&dq=Brooke+Shields&lr=&cd=25#v=onepage&q=Brooke%20Shields&f=false. 
  36. ^ Weekly World News. Sept 15, 1981. http://books.google.com/books?id=v-8DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA12&dq=Brooke+Shields+arab+lover&lr=&cd=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false. 
  37. ^ Weekly World News. June 6, 1989. p. 13. http://books.google.com/books?id=vu0DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA13&dq=Brooke+Shields+arab+lover&lr=&cd=2#v=onepage&q=&f=false. 
  38. ^ Jeynes, William (2007). American educational history: school, society and the common good. SAGE. p. 270. ISBN 1412914215. "Several female athletes demonstrated that femininity and athleticism were consistent." 
  39. ^ People.com "Double Fault"
  40. ^ Shields, Brooke (2005). Down Came the Rain: My Journey Through Postpartum Depression. Hyperion. ISBN 1-4013-0189-4
  41. ^ Rosenfield, Adrian I. (2006). New Research on Postpartum Depression. Nova Publishers. p. 64. ISBN 1600212840. "Several popular books have been published in recent years... These include personal accounts... by... Brooke Shields." 
  42. ^ War of Words - New York Times
  43. ^ Shields: Cruise apology was 'heartfelt' - USATODAY.com
  44. ^ Raffelock, Dean; Roundtree, Robert; Hopkins, Virginia; Block, Melissa (2002). A Natural Guide to Pregnancy and Postpartum Health. Avery. p. 145. ISBN 1583331385. "To supply your body with enough Omega-3 fats without exposing yourself and your baby to dangerous toxins, we recommend an EFA supplement." 
  45. ^ Billion watch Jackson send-off on TVJack Bremer, The First Post, JULY 8, 2009
  46. ^ Brooke Shields talks about `asexual' JacksonAssociated Press, 07.06.09
  47. ^ http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1615431/20090707/jackson_michael.jhtml
  48. ^ Michael Jackson memorial: moments to remember Helen Pidd, The Guardian, Tuesday 7 July 2009
  49. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/09/opinion/09collins.html?_r=1&scp=3&sq=%22brooke%20shields%22&st=cse
  50. ^ http://www.allmichaeljackson.com/interviews/oprahinterview.html
  51. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Ov9_qagdh4
  52. ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/29126877/michael_jackson_remembered_brooke_shields_on_king_of_pops_pure_soul
  53. ^ http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32987303/ns/dateline_nbc-newsmakers/page/5/

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