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Brookhaven National Laboratory
Brookhaven National Laboratory logo.svg
Motto "Passion for discovery"
Established 1947
Research Type Nuclear physics, material physics and chemistry, environmental and biological research
Budget US$510 million (2007)
Staff 3,000
Location Upton, New York
Campus 21 km² (5265 acres)
Operating Agency Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
Website www.bnl.gov
Aerial view of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The RHIC ring is visible in the background.

Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), is a United States national laboratory located in Upton, New York on Long Island, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Upton, a former U.S. Army base. Its name stems from its location in the greater area of the Town of Brookhaven.

Contents

Operation

Brookhaven, which originally was owned by the Atomic Energy Commission, is now owned by the Commission's successor, the United States Department of Energy, which subcontracts the actual research and operation to universities and research organizations. It is currently operated by Brookhaven Science Associates LLC, which is an equal partnership of Stony Brook University and Battelle Memorial Institute. It was operated by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), from 1947 until 1998 when Associated lost the contract in the wake of a scandal when tritium leaked into the Long Island Central Pine Barrens groundwater on which it sits.[1]

Co-located with the laboratory is the Upton, New York forecast office of the National Weather Service.

BNL is staffed by approximately 3,000 scientists, engineers, technicians, and support personnel, and hosts 4,000 guest investigators every year. Discoveries made at the lab have won six Nobel Prizes.

The laboratory has its own police station, fire department, and postal code (11973). In total, the lab spans a 5,265-acre (21 km2) area.

Major programs

Although originally conceived as a nuclear research facility, its mission has greatly expanded. Its foci are now:

Cancelled programs

Major facilities

Beamline at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Off site contributions

It is a contributing partner to ATLAS experiment, one of the four detectors to be located at a new powerful nuclear accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). It is currently under construction near Geneva, Switzerland.

Brookhaven is also responsible for the design of the SNS accumulator ring in partnership with Spallation Neutron Source in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Visitation

The lab is open to the public on Sundays during the summer for tours and special programs, helping its connection with the surrounding community. The program is referred to as 'Summer Sundays' and takes place from mid-July to mid-August. It features, most notably, a science show and a tour of the facilities. The laboratory also hosts science fairs, science bowls, and robotics competitions for schools in the surrounding area. Per year the Lab estimates that it enhances the science education of roughly 24,000 kindergarten to 12th grade LI students, more than 100 undergraduates, and 550 teachers from across the nation.

Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prize in Physics

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

See also

References

  1. ^ Atomic Laboratory on Long Island to Be Mighty Research Center - New York Times - March 1, 1947
  2. ^ "Physics Department". Bnl.gov. 2008-05-12. http://www.bnl.gov/physics/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  3. ^ "Homepage, Basic Energy Sciences Directorate". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/bes/default.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  4. ^ "Environmental Sciences Department". Bnl.gov. 2009-02-04. http://www.bnl.gov/des/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Brookhaven National Laboratory Nonproliferation and National Security Programs". Bnl.gov. 2010-02-02. http://www.bnl.gov/nns/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  7. ^ "Radiotracer Chemistry and Instrumentation for Biological Imaging". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/ctn/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  8. ^ "Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory". Biology.bnl.gov. http://www.biology.bnl.gov/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  9. ^ "RHIC | Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  10. ^ "Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/cfn/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  11. ^ "National Synchrotron Light Source". Nsls.bnl.gov. http://www.nsls.bnl.gov/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  12. ^ "Alternating Gradient Synchrotron". Bnl.gov. 2008-01-31. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/facilities/AGS.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  13. ^ "Accelerator Test Facility". Bnl.gov. 2008-01-31. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/facilities/ATF.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  14. ^ "Tandem Van de Graaff". Bnl.gov. 2008-02-28. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/facilities/TVdG.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  15. ^ "Nobel Prize | 1957 Physics Prize, Lee and Yang". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_57.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  16. ^ "Nobel Prize | 1976 Prize in Physics, Samuel Ting". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_76.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  17. ^ "Nobel Prize | 1980 Physics Prize, Cronin and Fitch". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_80.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  18. ^ "Nobel Prize | 1988 Prize in Physics, Lederman, Schwartz and Steinberger". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_88.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  19. ^ "Nobel Prize | 2002 Pysics Prize, Raymond Davis jr". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_02.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  20. ^ "Nobel Prize | 2003 Chemistry Prize, Roderick MacKinnon". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_03.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  21. ^ 9:13 a.m. ET (2008-10-23). "The anatomy of the first video game - On the Level- msnbc.com". MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27328345/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  22. ^ "'+alt+'". Bnl.gov. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/pubaf/pr/PR_display.asp?prID=842. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 

External links

Coordinates: 40°52′24″N 72°52′19″W / 40.873346°N 72.872057°W / 40.873346; -72.872057


Simple English

[[File:|thumb|Aerial view]] Brookhaven National Laboratory is a laboratory in the United States at Long Island, New York. It is located on the former location of Camp Upton, a US army camp. It was opened in 1947. It is located in the greater area of the town of Brookhaven. Its motto is "Passion for discovery".

It was originally owned by the Atomic Energy Commission. It is now owned by the US Department of Energy. It has about 3000 people working there.

Several people there have gotten Nobel Prizes.








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