Brooklyn: Wikis

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Coordinates: 40°41′34″N 73°59′25″W / 40.69278°N 73.99028°W / 40.69278; -73.99028

Brooklyn
—  Borough of New York City  —
Kings County
View of Downtown Brooklyn from the Staten Island Ferry.
Location of Brooklyn shown in yellow.
Coordinates: 40°37′29″N 73°57′8″W / 40.62472°N 73.95222°W / 40.62472; -73.95222
Country United States
State New York
County Kings
City New York City
Settled 1634
Government
 - Borough President Marty Markowitz (D)
 - District Attorney Charles Hynes
Area
 - Total 96.90 sq mi (251 km2)
 - Land 70.61 sq mi (182.9 km2)
 - Water 26.29 sq mi (68.1 km2)
Population
 - Total 2,556,598
 Density 34,916.6/sq mi (13,481.4/km2)
Postal Code 112 + two digits
Website Official Website of the Brooklyn Borough President

Brooklyn is New York City's most populous borough with 2.5 million residents,[1] and second largest in area. It is also the western most County (Borough) on Long Island.

Since 1896, Brooklyn has had the same boundaries as Kings County, which is now the most populous county in New York State and the second most densely populated county in the United States, after New York County (Manhattan).[2]

Brooklyn was an independent city until its consolidation with New York City in 1898, and continues to maintain a distinct culture, independent art scene, and unique architectural heritage. Many Brooklyn neighborhoods are ethnic enclaves where particular ethnic groups and cultures predominate.

New York's Five Boroughs at a Glance
Jurisdiction Population Land Area
Borough of County of estimate for
1 July 2008
square
miles
square
km
Manhattan New York 1,634,795 23 59
the Bronx Bronx 1,391,903 42 109
Brooklyn Kings 2,556,598 71 183
Queens Queens 2,293,007 109 283
Staten Island Richmond 487,407 58 151
8,363,710 303 786
19,490,297 47,214 122,284
Source: United States Census Bureau[3][1][4]

Contents

History

Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1698 2,017
1712 1,925 −4.6%
1723 2,218 15.2%
1737 2,348 5.9%
1746 2,331 −0.7%
1756 2,707 16.1%
1771 3,623 33.8%
1790 4,549 25.6%
1800 5,740 26.2%
1810 8,303 44.7%
1820 11,187 34.7%
1830 20,535 83.6%
1840 47,613 131.9%
1850 138,882 191.7%
1860 279,122 101.0%
1870 419,921 50.4%
1880 599,495 42.8%
1890 838,547 39.9%
1900 1,166,582 39.1%
1910 1,634,351 40.1%
1920 2,018,356 23.5%
1930 2,560,401 26.9%
1940 2,698,285 5.4%
1950 2,738,175 1.5%
1960 2,627,319 −4.0%
1970 2,602,012 −1.0%
1980 2,231,028 −14.3%
1990 2,300,664 3.1%
2000 2,465,326 7.2%
2008 est 2,556,598 3.7%
All figures are for Kings County. Sources: 1698 — 1771,[5] 1790 — 1990,[6] 2007[7]

The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in the area on the western end of Long Island, then largely inhabited by a Native American people, the Lenape (often erroneously referred to by the Lenape place-name, "Canarsee", in contemporary colonial documents). The first Dutch settlements, established in 1634, were called Midwout (Midwood) and Flatbush (Vlacke Bos).[8] The Dutch also purchased land during the 1630s from the Mohawks in present-day Gowanus, Red Hook, the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and Bushwick.[8] The Village of Breuckelen, named for Breukelen in the province of Utrecht in the Netherlands, was authorized by the Dutch West India Company in 1646; it became the first true municipality in what is now New York State. At the time, Breuckelen was part of New Netherland. Other villages which were later incorporated into Brooklyn were Boswijk (Bushwick), Nieuw Utrecht (New Utrecht), and Nieuw Amersfoort (Flatlands). A few houses and cemeteries still bear witness to the Dutch origins of the borough of Brooklyn.

The Dutch lost Breuckelen in the British conquest of New Netherland in 1664. In 1683, the British reorganized the Province of New York into twelve counties, each of which was sub-divided into towns. Over time, the name evolved from Breuckelen, to Brockland, to Brocklin, to Brookline, to Brookland and eventually, to Brooklyn.[8] Kings County was one of the original counties, and Brooklyn was one of the original six towns within Kings County. The county was named in honor of King Charles II of England.

In August and September of 1776, the Battle of Long Island (also called the Battle of Brooklyn) was fought in Kings County. It was the first major battle in the American Revolutionary War following the Declaration of Independence and the largest battle of the entire conflict. While General George Washington's defeat on the battlefield cast early doubts on his abilities as a military tactician and leader, he did keep the Continental Army intact with a brilliant overnight tactical retreat, across the East River, a maneuver seen by historians as one of his greatest practical accomplishments.[9]

New York became the British political and military base of operations in North America. This encouraged the departure of patriots and their sympathizers while attracting loyalist refugees fleeing the other colonies. Loyalists swelled the population of the surrounding area, including Brooklyn. Correspondingly, the region became the focus of General Washington's intelligence activities (see Intelligence in the American Revolutionary War). The British also began to hold American patriot prisoners-of-war in rotting hulks anchored in Wallabout Bay off Brooklyn. More American prisoners died in these prison-ships than the sum of all the American battle casualties of the Revolutionary War.

The first half of the nineteenth century saw significant growth along the economically-strategic East River waterfront, across from New York City. Brooklyn's population expanded more than threefold between 1800 and 1820, doubled again in the 1820s, and doubled yet again during the 1830s. The county encompassed two cities: the City of Brooklyn and the City of Williamsburgh. Brooklyn annexed Williamsburgh in 1854, which lost its final "h" in the process. With the addition of this new area, Brooklyn grew from a substantial community of 36,236 to an imposing city of 96,838.

The building of rail links, such as the Brighton Beach Line in 1878 heralded explosive growth, and, in the space of a decade, the City of Brooklyn annexed the Town of New Lots in 1886, the Town of Flatbush, the Town of Gravesend, and the Town of New Utrecht in 1894, and the Town of Flatlands in 1896. Brooklyn had reached its natural municipal boundaries at the Kings County line.

Brooklyn, 1879.
The Brooklyn Bridge has been an icon of the borough since 1883.

In 1883, the Brooklyn Bridge was completed, and transportation to Manhattan no longer required a boat trip. Brooklyn now prepared to engage in the still-grander consolidation process developing throughout the region. In 1894, Brooklyn residents voted, by a slight majority, to join with Manhattan, The Bronx, Queens, and Richmond (later Staten Island) to become the five boroughs of the modern New York City. This referendum took effect in 1898. Kings County, nonetheless, retained its status as one of New York State's counties.

Government and politics

Since consolidation with New York City in 1898, Brooklyn has been governed by the New York City Charter that provides for a "strong" mayor-council system. The centralized New York City government is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services.

The office of Borough President was created in the consolidation of 1898 to balance centralization with local authority. Each borough president had a powerful administrative role derived from having a vote on the New York City Board of Estimate, which was responsible for creating and approving the city's budget and proposals for land use. In 1989, the Supreme Court of the United States declared the Board of Estimate unconstitutional because Brooklyn, the most populous borough, had no greater effective representation on the Board than Staten Island, the least populous borough, a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause pursuant to the high court's 1964 "one man, one vote" decision.[10]

Since 1990 the Borough President has acted as an advocate for the borough at the mayoral agencies, the City Council, the New York state government, and corporations. Brooklyn's Borough President is Marty Markowitz, elected as a Democrat in 2001 and re-elected in 2005.

The Democratic Party holds the majority of public offices. 69.7% of registered voters in Brooklyn are Democrats. Party platforms center on affordable housing, education and economic development. The most controversial political issue is the proposed Atlantic Yards, a large housing and sports arena project. Pockets of Republican influence exist in Bay Ridge and Dyker Heights.

Each of the city's five counties (coterminous with each borough) has its own criminal court system and District Attorney, the chief public prosecutor who is directly elected by popular vote. Charles J. Hynes, a Democrat, has been the District Attorney of Kings County since 1989. Brooklyn has 16 City Council members, the largest number of any of the five boroughs. Brooklyn has 18 of the city's 59 community districts, each served by an unpaid Community Board with advisory powers under the city's Uniform Land Use Review Procedure. Each board has a paid district manager who acts as an interlocutor with city agencies.

Brooklyn's official motto is Een Draght Mackt Maght. Written in the (old) Dutch language, it is inspired by the motto of the United Dutch Provinces and translated as In Unity There is Strength. The motto is displayed on the borough seal and flag, which also feature a young robed woman bearing fasces, a traditional emblem of republicanism.[11] Brooklyn's official colors are blue and gold.[12]

Party affiliation of Brooklyn registered voters
(relative percentages)
Party 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996
Democratic 69.7 69.2 70.0 70.1 70.6 70.3 70.7 70.8 70.8 71.0
Republican 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.5 10.9 11.1 11.3 11.5
Other 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.6 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.3 2.3
No affiliation 16.5 16.9 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.5 15.9 15.5 15.4 15.2
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Federal representation

Brooklyn has not voted for a Republican in a national presidential election in the last 50 years. In the 2008 presidential election Democrat Barack Obama received 79.4% of the vote in Brooklyn and Republican John McCain received 20.0%.

Presidential election results
Year Republican Democrat
2008 20.0% 151,872 79.4% 603,525
2004 24.3% 167,149 74.9% 514,973
2000 15.7% 96,605 80.6% 497,468
1996 15.1% 81,406 80.1% 432,232
1992 22.9% 133,344 70.7% 411,183
1988 32.6% 230,064 66.3% 368,518
1984 38.3% 285,477 61.3% 328,379
1980 38.4% 200,306 55.4% 288,893
1976 31.1% 190,728 68.3% 419,382
1972 49.0% 373,903 50.8% 387,768
1968 32.0% 247,936 63.1% 489,174
1964 25.0% 229,291 74.8% 684,839
1960 33.5% 327,497 66.2% 646,582
1956 45.2% 460,456 54.7% 557,655

Six U.S. Congressional Districts (out of 435) include parts of Brooklyn. Two of those districts fall entirely within the borough.

  • Democrat Anthony Weiner of Queens is the representative of the 9th district, which includes much of central and southeastern Brooklyn, as well as portions of south-central Queens.[14]

The United States Postal Service operates post offices in Brooklyn. The Brooklyn Main Post Office is located at 271 Cadman Plaza East in Downtown Brooklyn.[15]

Partnerships with districts of foreign cities

Jurisdiction Sister District Country Since
Brooklyn Beşiktaş, Istanbul Province Turkey 2005[16]
Brooklyn Leopoldstadt, Vienna Austria 2007[17] [18] [19]
Brooklyn Anzio, Lazio Italy 1990
Brooklyn Borough of Lambeth
(Greater London)
England
(United Kingdom)
Crown Heights Kfar Chabad, Center Israel


Economy

Downtown Brooklyn is the third largest business district in New York City.

Brooklyn's job market is driven by three main factors: the performance of the national and city economy, population flows and the borough's position as a convenient back office for New York's businesses.[20]

Forty-four percent of Brooklyn's employed population, or 410,000 people, work in the borough; more than half of the borough's residents work outside its boundaries. As a result, economic conditions in Manhattan are important to the borough's jobseekers. Strong international immigration to Brooklyn generates jobs in services, retailing and construction.[20]

In recent years Brooklyn has benefited from a steady influx of financial back-office operations from Manhattan, the rapid growth of a high-tech and entertainment economy in DUMBO, and strong growth in support services such as accounting, personal supply agencies, and computer services firms.[20]

Jobs in the borough have traditionally been concentrated in manufacturing, but since 1975, Brooklyn has shifted from a manufacturing-based to a service-based economy. In 2004, 215,000 Brooklyn residents worked in the services sector, while 27,500 worked in manufacturing. Although manufacturing has declined, a substantial base has remained in apparel and niche manufacturing concerns such as furniture, fabricated metals, and food products.[21] The pharmaceutical company Pfizer has a manufacturing plant in Brooklyn that employs 990 workers. First established as a shipbuilding facility in 1801, the Brooklyn Navy Yard employed 70,000 people at is peak during World War II and was then the largest employer in the borough. The Missouri, the ship on which the Japanese formally surrendered, was built there, as was the iron-sided Civil War vessel the Monitor, and the Maine, whose sinking off Havana led to the start of the Spanish-American War. The Navy Yard is now a hub for industrial design firms, food processing businesses, and artisans, along with a growing film and television production industry. About 230 private-sector firms providing 4,000 jobs are at the Yard.

Construction and services are the fastest growing sectors.[22] Most employers in Brooklyn are small businesses. In 2000, 91% of the approximately 38,704 business establishments in Brooklyn had fewer than 20 employees.[23] As of August 2008, the borough's unemployment rate was 5.9%.[24]

Demographics

Brooklyn Compared
2000 Census Brooklyn NY City NY State
Total population 2,465,326 8,008,278 18,976,457
Population density 34,920
/sq mi
26,403
/sq mi
402
/sq mi
Median household income (1999) $32,135 $38,293 $43,393
Per capita income $16,775 $22,402 $23,389
Bachelor's degree or higher 22% 27% 24%
Foreign born 38% 36% 20%
White 41% 45% 67%
Black 45% 27% 16%
Asian 8% 10% 6%
Hispanic (any race) 20% 27% 15%
Brooklyn has been New York City's most populous borough since the mid-1920s. (Key: Each borough's historical population in millions. The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island)

According to the 2005-2007 American Community Survey Estimates, the borough's population was 43.7% White (36.2% non-Hispanic White alone), 36.2% Black or African American (33.7% non-Hispanic Black or African American alone), 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, 9.3% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 11.9% from some other race and 1.5% from two or more races. 19.6% of the total population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [9]

37.4% of the population were foreign born (and another 3.5% were Born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parents), 46.1% spoke a language other than English at home and 27.4% had a Bachelor's degree or higher. [10]

In the 2000 Census, the following percentages of Brooklyn residents self-reported these European ancestries:[25]

  • Italian: 7.5%
  • Polish: 3.8%
  • Irish: 3.3%
  • Russian: 2.9%
  • German: 1.6%
  • Ukrainian: 1.5%

According to 2005 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, there are 2,486,235 people (up from 2.3 million in 1990), 880,727 households, and 583,922 families living in Brooklyn.[26][27] The population density was 34,920/square mile (13,480/km²). There were 930,866 housing units at an average density of 13,180/square mile (5,090/km²).

In 2000, 41.20% of Brooklyn residents were white; 36.44% were black; 7.54% were Asian; 0.41% were Native American; 0.06% Pacific Islander; 10.05% were of other races; and 4.27% were from two or more races. People of Hispanic or Latino origin, who may be of any race, comprised 19.79% of the population. 18.00% of the population reported speaking Spanish at home, 5.95% Russian, 4.19% French or a French-based creole, 3.92% Chinese, 3.10% Yiddish, 2.10% Italian, 1.42% Polish, 1.13% Hebrew, 1.09% Punjabi and 0.68% Urdu.[28]

Of the 880,727 households in Brooklyn, 38.6% were married couples living together, 22.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living in them. Of all households 27.8% are made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.41.

In Brooklyn the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. Brooklyn has more women and girls, with 88.4 males for every 100 females. Brooklyn's lesbian community is the largest out of all the New York City boroughs [11].

The median income for households in Brooklyn was $32,135, and the median income for a family was $36,188. Males had a median income of $34,317, which was higher than females, whose median income was $30,516. The per capita income was $16,775. About 22% of families and 25.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34% of those under age 18 and 21.5% of those age 65 or over.

Neighborhoods

Manhattan Avenue in Greenpoint, Brooklyn
Brownstone rowhouses are prevalent in many parts of Brooklyn, including Bedford-Stuyvesant (seen here).

Brooklyn has long been a magnet for immigrants, and many ethnic groups dominate a particular ethnic neighborhood. However, with gentrification on the rise, many of Brooklyn's neighborhoods are now becoming increasingly diverse with an influx of immigrants integrating its neighborhoods. It presently has substantial populations from many countries. The borough also attracts people previously living in the United States. Of these, most come from Chicago, San Francisco, Washington, D.C., Baltimore, Boston, and Seattle.[29][30][31][32][33][34][35]

Brooklyn contains dozens of distinct neighborhoods, representing many of the major ethnic groups found within the New York City area. The borough is home to a large African-American community. Bedford Stuyvesant is home to one of the most famous African-American communities in the city. It is a hub for African-American culture, often referenced in hip hop and African-American arts. Brooklyn's African-American and Caribbean communities are spread throughout much of Brooklyn.

Brooklyn is also home to many Russians and Ukrainians, who are mainly concentrated in community of Brighton Beach and surrounding communities. Brighton Beach features many Russian and Ukrainian businesses. Because of the large Ukrainian community, it has been nicknamed "Little Odessa."

Bushwick is the largest hub of Brooklyn's Hispanic-American community. Like other neighborhoods in New York City, Bushwick's hispanic population is mainly Puerto Rican, with a large Dominican and South American population as well. With around 80% of Bushwick's population being Hispanic, it is a Hispanic cultural stronghold in New York City. Many businesses in the neighborhood reflect Bushwick's strong Hispanic presence. Sunset Park also has a significant number of Hispanics, with 42% of the demographics belonging to Hispanics.

Italian-Americans are mainly concentrated in the neighborhoods of Dyker Heights and Bensonhurst, where there are many Italian restaurants and pizzerias. There are, however, Italian Americans present throughout most of southern Brooklyn, including Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Marine Park, Mill Basin, and Bergen Beach. The Carrol Gardens area as well as the northern half of Williamsburg also have long-standing Italian American communities.

Chinese-Americans are scattered throughout the southern parts of Brooklyn, but largely concentrated in Sunset Park along 8th Avenue, which is known for Chinese culture and known as Brooklyn's Chinatown. Many Chinese restaurants can be found throughout Sunset Park, and the area hosts a popular Chinese New Year celebration. Recently many Chinese have taken up residence in other southern parts of Brooklyn also, especially in Bensonhurst.

Orthodox Jews and Hasidic Jews are largely concentrated in Borough Park, where there are many yeshivas, synagogues, and kosher delicatessens, as well as other Jewish businesses. Other notable Orthodox and Hasidic Jewish neighborhoods are in Flatbush, Williamsburg and Crown Heights.

Brooklyn's Irish can be found throughout Brooklyn, in low to moderate concentrations in the neighborhoods of Marine Park, Gerritsen Beach, and Vinegar Hill.

Brooklyn's Polish are largely concentrated in Greenpoint, which is home to Little Poland. They are also scattered throughout the southern parts of Brooklyn.

Brooklyn's Arab can be found in the Southwest portion of Brooklyn, particularly in Northern Bay Ridge, where there are many Middle Eastern restaurants, hookah lounges, Arabic churches, and mosques.

Brooklyn's West Indians are heavily concentrated in Crown Heights, Flatbush, and East Flatbush negihborhoods in central Brooklyn. Brooklyn is home to one of the largest communities of West Indian's outside of the Caribbean, being rivaled only by London, Miami and Toronto. West Indian's can also be found mixed in throughout Bedford-Stuyvesant, Bushwick, Brownsville, East New York, Midwood and Canarsie. Flatbush and Crown Heights are home to many of Brooklyn's West Indian restaurants and Bakeries. Crown Heights is home of the West Indian Labor Day Parade, taking place every Labor Day on Eastern Parkway.

Culture

The Brooklyn Museum is one of New York's premier art museums.

Brooklyn has played a major role in American letters. Walt Whitman wrote of the Brooklyn waterfront in his classic poem Crossing Brooklyn Ferry. Harlem Renaissance playwright Eulalie Spence taught at Eastern District High School in Brooklyn from 1927 to 1938, a time during which she wrote her critically acclaimed plays Fool's Errand, and Her. In 1930, poet Hart Crane published the epic poem The Bridge, using the Brooklyn Bridge as central symbol and poetic starting point. The novels of Henry Miller include reflections on several of the ethnic German and Jewish neighborhoods of Brooklyn during the 1890s and early 20th century; his novels Tropic of Capricorn and The Rosy Crucifixion include long tracts describing his childhood and young adulthood spent in the Borough. Betty Smith's 1943 book A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, and the 1945 film based on it, are among the best-known early works about life in Brooklyn. Chaim Potok, rabbi and Brooklyn resident, wrote The Chosen, a book about two Jewish boys growing up in Brooklyn that was published in 1947. William Styron's novel Sophie's Choice is set in Flatbush, just off Prospect Park, during the summer of 1947. Arthur Miller's 1955 play A View From the Bridge is set in Brooklyn. Paule Marshall's 1959 novel, Brown Girl, Brownstones, about Barbadian immigrants during the Depression and World War II is also set in.

More recently, Brooklyn-born author Jonathan Lethem has written several books about growing up in the borough, including Motherless Brooklyn and The Fortress of Solitude. The neighborhood of Park Slope is home to many contemporary writers, including Jonathan Safran Foer, Jhumpa Lahiri, Jonathan Franzen, Rick Moody, Jennifer Egan, Kathryn Harrison, Paul Auster, Franco Ambriz, Nicole Krauss, Colson Whitehead, Darin Strauss, Siri Hustvedt and Suketu Mehta, among others. The Discovery Kids show Time Warp Trio is also set in Brooklyn.

The borough has had a part in theater and film as well. Lynn Nottage's play Crumbs from the Table of Joy is set in post-World War II Brooklyn and deals with the hopes and frustrations of an African American family recently arrived from Florida. The John Travolta movie Saturday Night Fever was set in Bay Ridge, an Italian neighborhood in southern Brooklyn. Neil Simon's 1983 play "Brighton Beach Memoirs" is set in 1937 Brooklyn. In the late 1980s Brooklyn achieved a new cultural prominence with the films of Spike Lee, whose She's Gotta Have It and Do The Right Thing were shot in Brooklyn neighborhoods. In 2001 and 2002, the German filmmaker Christoph Weinert shot a documentary With Allah in Brooklyn.[36] The 2005 film The Squid and the Whale, by Noah Baumbach, the son of novelist Jonathan Baumbach and Village Voice film critic Georgia Brown, examined the family life of the Park Slope intelligentsia. After Radio City Music Hall, Brooklyn Technical High School houses the second largest auditorium in New York City with seating capacity of over 3,000. [37]

The Brooklyn Museum, opened in 1897, the nation's second largest public art museum, includes in its permanent collection more than 1.5 million objects, from ancient Egyptian masterpieces to contemporary art. The Brooklyn Children's Museum, the world's first museum dedicated to children, opened in December 1899. The only such New York State institution accredited by the American Association of Museums, it is one of the few globally to have a permanent collection - 30,000+ cultural objects and natural history specimens. The Brooklyn Academy of Music (BAM) includes a 2,109-seat opera house, a 874-seat Theater, and the art house BAM Rose Cinemas. Bargemusic and St. Ann's Warehouse are on the other side of Downtown Brooklyn in the DUMBO arts district.

Brooklyn's art scene has flourished in recent years, due largely to the conversion of former manufacturing buildings into art studios.

Founded in 1863, the Brooklyn Historical Society (BHS) is a museum, library, and educational center dedicated to preserving and encouraging the study of Brooklyn's history. BHS houses materials relating to the founding of the U.S. and the history of Brooklyn and its people. The BRIC Rotunda Gallery, founded in 1981, is the oldest not-for-profit gallery dedicated to presenting contemporary art work by artists who are from, live, or work in the borough. The Gallery, located in Brooklyn Heights, presents contemporary art of all media, public events and an innovative arts education program. The Gallery's aim is to increase the visibility and accessibility of contemporary art while bridging the gap between the art world and global culture in Brooklyn and the world beyond. BRIC Rotunda Gallery is the contemporary art space of BRIC Arts|Media|Bklyn, a multi-disciplinary arts and media non-profit, dedicated to presenting contemporary art, performing art and community media programs that are reflective of Brooklyn's diverse communities and to supporting the creative process.

In 2008, a TKTS Booth was opened in Downtown Brooklyn (Jay St. and Myrtle St. Promenade), allowing patrons to buy both day-of and next-day matinee tickets to selected theatre, dance and music events.

Brooklyn is home to people from many cultures, ethnic, and racial backgrounds. The majority of residents of African descent are of Caribbean origin. Much of Brooklyn's distinct culture is a reflection of the cultures that these immigrants bring with them. A portion of Utica Avenue was historically named Malcolm X Boulevard because of his achievements as both a nationalist, and a separatist. To this day Malcolm X remains the most important figure to many of the people in that community.

Brooklyn is home to one of the most vibrant Jewish communities outside of Israel (one reason for the 2007 signed partnership[38][39] with Leopoldstadt, a district of Vienna, Austria (a main Jewish centre of Central Europe for centuries, and despite the Holocaust even today). Some estimates have the Jewish population in Brooklyn at as high as three-quarters of a million, with many living in Borough Park, Williamsburg, Flatbush, Gravesend, Crown Heights, and other sections of Brooklyn. Much of the Jewish community, most notably the Hasidic and Hareidi Jews, are fluent in Yiddish and often use it as their first language.

Variously called the "City of Trees," "City of Homes," or the "City of Churches" in the 19th century, Brooklyn is now often styled the "Borough of Homes and Churches". As of 2008, there are more than 516,000 Jews in Brooklyn—some 37 percent of whom are Orthodox.[40]

As a promotional gesture by the current borough administration, distinctive traffic signs are posted along major traffic arteries at Brooklyn’s border crossings. They incorporate colorful expressions associated with Brooklyn, including: "Fugheddaboudit," "Oy vey!," and "How Sweet It Is." One sign identifies the borough as: "Home to Everyone From Everywhere!"

Brooklyn and Red Hook feature in Arthur Miller's play A View From The Bridge which is a tragedy set in 1940-50s New York about an Italian American Family.

Media

The Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch at Grand Army Plaza

Brooklyn has several local newspapers: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Bay Currents (Oceanfront Brooklyn), Brooklyn View, The Brooklyn Paper, and Courier-Life Publications. Courier-Life Publications, owned by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation, is considered to be Brooklyn's largest chain of newspapers. Brooklyn is also served by the major New York dailies, including The New York Times, The New York Daily News, and The New York Post. The borough is home to the arts and politics monthly, Brooklyn Rail and the arts and cultural quarterly, Cabinet. HelloBrooklyn.com is Brooklyn's largest portal with more than 10,000 links.[41]

Brooklyn has a thriving ethnic press. Major ethnic publications include the Brooklyn-Queens Catholic paper The Tablet, Hamodia, an Orthodox Jewish daily, as well as several Haitian newspapers including the Haitian Times, Haiti Observateur, and Haiti Progress. Many nationally-distributed ethnic newspapers are based in Brooklyn. Over 60 ethnic groups, writing in 42 languages, publish some 300 non-English language magazines and newspapers in New York City.

The Brooklyn accent is often portrayed as 'typical New York' in American television and film. The City of New York also has an official television station, run by the NYC Media Group, which features programming based in Brooklyn. Brooklyn Community Access Television is the borough's public access channel. BCAT, the Media program of BRIC, shares the former Strand Theater - adjoining BAM's Harvey Theater - with the non-profit artists collective atelier and exhibition center, Urban Glass. The facility's upcoming expansion will include a new 250-seat, year round home for BRIC's annual "Celebrate Brooklyn" performances.

Tourism

Southern Brooklyn was once the premier resort destination for New York City. Coney Island developed as a playground for the rich in the early 1900s, when wealthy New Yorkers would bet on horses at the Gravesend or Sheepshead Bay Race Track and dined at high-class restaurants and seaside hotels. No trip to Sheepshead Bay would be complete without a stop at the docks and then dinner at Lundy's Restaurant. The introduction of the subway made Coney Island a vacation destination for the masses, and it evolved into one of America's first amusement grounds. The Cyclone rollercoaster, built in 1927, is on the National Register of Historic Places. The 1920 Wonder Wheel and other rides are still operational at Astroland. Coney Island went into decline in the 1970s, but is undergoing a renaissance. The annual Coney Island Mermaid Parade is a hipster costume-and-float parade which honored David Byrne, pre-punk music guru, as the head merman in 1998. Coney Island also hosts the annual Nathan's Hot Dog Eating Contest.

Green-Wood Cemetery, founded by the social reformer Henry Evelyn Pierrepoint in 1838, is both one of the most significant cemeteries in the United States and an expansive green space encompassing 478 acres (190 ha) of rolling hills and dales, several ponds, and a baroque chapel. Still in use, the cemetery is the burial ground of some of the most famous New Yorkers, including Albert Anastasia (1903-1957), mobster, "Lord High Executioner" for "Murder Inc."; Jean-Michel Basquiat (1960-1988), artist; Aqualung, drifter; Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990), composer; Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829-1869), New Orleans-born pianist and composer; Laura Jean Libbey (1862-1924), best-selling "dime-store" novelist; Samuel F.B. Morse (1791-1872), inventor of the telegraph; Edward R. Murrow (1908-1965), journalist; Martha Bulloch Roosevelt (1834-1884), mother of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt; Margaret Sanger (1879-1966), birth control advocate; F.A.O. Schwarz (1836-1911), toy store founder; William M. "Boss" Tweed (1823-1878), notorious boss of the New York political machine and actor Frank Morgan (1890-1949) best known for his portrayal of the title character in the film The Wizard of Oz.

The New York Transit Museum displays historical artifacts of the New York subway, commuter rail and bus systems; it is located in the former IND Court Street subway station in Brooklyn Heights. The 52 acre (21 ha) Brooklyn Botanic Garden includes a cherry tree esplanade, a one acre (0.4 ha) rose garden, a Japanese hill and pond garden, a fragrance garden for the blind, a water lily pond esplanade, several conservatories, a rock garden, a native flora garden, a bonsai tree collection, and children's gardens and discovery exhibits.

Sports

Brooklyn has a storied sports history. It has been home to many famous sports figures such as Red Auerbach, Carmelo Anthony, Bobby Fischer, Vince Lombardi, Brandon Silvestry (aka Low Ki), Joe Paterno, Mike Tyson, Joe Pepitone, Joe Torre, Larry Brown, Vitas Gerulaitis, Al Bummy Davis, Herbie Kronowitz, Paul Lo Duca, John Franco, Stephon Marbury, John Halama, Chris Mullin and Rico Petrocelli. Basketball legend Michael Jordan was born in Brooklyn, but grew up in Wilmington, North Carolina.

Parks throughout the borough such as Prospect Park, Marine Park, and the community sports complex at Floyd Bennett Field provide residents an opportunity to practice and hone their sports skills and talents.

In the earliest days of organized baseball, Brooklyn dominated the new game. The second recorded game of baseball was played near what is today Fort Greene Park on October 24, 1845. Brooklyn’s Excelsiors, Atlantics and Eckfords were the leading teams from the mid-1850s through the Civil War. During this “Brooklyn era,” baseball’s rules evolved into the modern game: the first fastball, first changeup, first batting average, first triple play, first pro baseball player, first enclosed ballpark, first scorecard, first known African-American team, first black championship game, first road trip, first gambling scandal, and first eight pennant winners were all in or from Brooklyn. [42]

Brooklyn's most famous team, the Brooklyn Dodgers, played at Ebbets Field and was named for "trolley dodgers".[43] Dodger Jackie Robinson in 1947 became the first African American player in Major League Baseball in the modern era. In 1955, the Dodgers, perennial National League pennant winners, won the only World Series for Brooklyn against their rival New York Yankees. The event was marked by mass euphoria and celebrations. Just two years later, the Dodgers moved to Los Angeles. Walter O'Malley, the team's owner at the time, is still vilified even by Brooklynites too young to remember the Dodgers as Brooklyn's ball club. More recent attempts to bring back the Dodgers have not borne fruit.

After a 43-year hiatus, however, professional baseball returned to the borough in 2001 as the Brooklyn Cyclones, a minor league team that plays in MCU Park in Coney Island. They are an affiliate of the New York Mets.

Minor league soccer arrived in Brooklyn when the Brooklyn Knights relocated from their previous home in Queens to the new Aviator Field complex, which includes a 2,000-seat soccer-specific stadium. The team plays in the USL Premier Development League, at the fourth level of US soccer.

The Eastern Professional Hockey League included a team called the Brooklyn Aces into its inaugural 2008 season membership. The team will play at Aviator Sports and Recreation.

A reminder of Brooklyn's days as a sporting goods manufacturer, a skateboard company in Brooklyn called 5boro is co-owned by Mark Nardelli and Steve Rodriguez.

Transportation

A Brooklyn-bound train on BMT Canarsie Line (L)
MTA New York City Bus #840 on the B9 in Bensonhurst.

Brooklyn is well served by public transit. Eighteen New York City Subway lines, including the Franklin Avenue Shuttle, traverse the borough and 92.8% of Brooklyn residents traveling to Manhattan use the subway. Major stations include, Atlantic Avenue-Pacific Street, Broadway Junction, DeKalb Avenue, Jay Street-Borough Hall, and Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue.[44]

The public bus network covers the entire borough. There is also daily express bus service into Manhattan. New York's famous yellow cabs also provide transportation in Brooklyn, although they are less numerous in the borough. There are three commuter rail stations in Brooklyn: East New York station, Nostrand Avenue station, and Atlantic Terminal/Flatbush Avenue, the terminus of the Atlantic Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. The terminal is located near the Atlantic Avenue-Pacific Street Station, with ten connecting subway lines.

The grand majority of limited-access expressways and parkways are located in the western and southern sections of Brooklyn. These include, the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, the Gowanus Expressway, which is part of the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, the Prospect Expressway, New York State Route 27, the Belt Parkway, and the Jackie Robinson Parkway. Major thoroughfares include, Atlantic Avenue, 4th Avenue, 86th Street, Kings Highway, Bay Parkway, Ocean Parkway, Eastern Parkway, Linden Boulevard, McGuiness Boulevard, Flatbush Avenue, Pennsylvania Avenue, and Bedford Avenue.

Much of Brooklyn has only named streets, but Park Slope and western sections south of there have numbered streets running approximately east and west, and numbered avenues going approximately north and south. East of Dahill Road, lettered avenues run east and west, and numbered streets have the prefix "East". Numbered streets prefixed by "North", "South", "West", "Bay", "Brighton", "Plumb" or "Flatlands" exist in other areas, loosely based on the old grids of the original towns of Kings County that eventually consolidated to form Brooklyn.

Brooklyn is connected to Manhattan by three bridges, the Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Williamsburg bridges; a vehicular tunnel, the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel; and several subway tunnels. The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge links Brooklyn with the more suburban borough of Staten Island. Though much of its border is on land, Brooklyn shares several water crossings with Queens, including the Kosciuszko Bridge (part of the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway), the Pulaski Bridge, and the JJ Byrne Memorial Bridge, all of which carry traffic over Newtown Creek, and the Marine Parkway Bridge connecting Brooklyn to the Rockaway Peninsula.

Historically Brooklyn's waterfront was a major shipping port, especially at the Brooklyn Army Terminal in Sunset Park. Most container ship cargo operations have shifted to the New Jersey side of New York Harbor, while the city has recently built a new cruise ship terminal in Red Hook that is to become a focal point for New York's growing cruise industry. The Queen Mary 2, the world's largest ocean liner, was designed specifically to fit under the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the United States. The Queen Mary 2 makes regular ports of call at the Red Hook terminal on her transatlantic runs from Southampton, England. New York Water Taxi offers commuter services from Brooklyn's west shore to points in Lower Manhattan, Midtown, Long Island City and Breezy Point in Rockaway, Queens, as well as tours and charters. A Cross-Harbor Rail Tunnel, originally proposed in 1920s as a core project for the then new Port Authority of New York is again being studied and discussed as a way to ease freight movements across a large swath of the metropolitan area.

Education

Higgins Hall at the Pratt Institute.

Education in Brooklyn is provided by a vast number of public and private institutions. Public schools in the borough are managed by the New York City Department of Education, the largest public school system.

Brooklyn College is a senior college of the City University of New York, and was the first public co-ed liberal arts college in New York City. The College ranked in the top 10 nationally for the second consecutive year in Princeton Review’s 2006 guidebook, America’s Best Value Colleges. Many of its students are first and second generation immigrants. Emblematic of its students’ potential is Eugene Shenderov, the son of Russian immigrants who received a 2005 Rhodes Scholarship before graduating from the College's B.A.-M.D. program in June 2005. The Brooklyn College campus serves as home to the Brooklyn Center for the Performing Arts complex and its four theaters, including the George Gershwin.

Brooklyn Technical High School (commonly called Brooklyn Tech or just Tech), a New York City public high school, is the largest specialized high school for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics in the United States. [45] Tech opened in 1922. The school'a current location is across the street from Fort Greene Park. It was built from 1930 to 1933 at a cost of $6 million, is 12 stories high, and covers over half a city block.[46] Brooklyn Tech is noted for its famous alumni [47](including two Nobel Laureates), its academics, and the large number of graduates attending prestigious universities.

Founded in 1970, Medgar Evers College is a senior college of the City University of New York, with a mission to develop and maintain high quality, professional, career-oriented undergraduate degree programs in the context of a liberal arts education. The College offers programs both at the baccalaureate and associate degree levels, as well as Adult and Continuing Education classes for Central Brooklyn residents, corporations, government agencies, and community organizations. Medgar Evers College is a few blocks east of Prospect Park in Crown Heights.

Brooklyn Law School was founded in 1901 and is notable for its diverse student body. Women and African Americans were enrolled in 1909. According to the Leiter Report, a compendium of law school rankings published by Brian Leiter, Brooklyn Law School places 31st nationally for quality of students.[48]

Kingsborough Community College is a junior college in the City University of New York system, located in Manhattan Beach. It was recently named one of the top ten community colleges in the United States by the New York Times.

SUNY Downstate Medical Center, originally founded as the Long Island College Hospital in 1860, is the oldest hospital-based medical school in the United States. The Medical Center comprises the College of Medicine, College of Health Related Professions, College of Nursing, University Hospital of Brooklyn, and the School of Graduate Studies, where Nobel Prize-winner Dr. Robert F. Furchgott is a member of the faculty. Half of the Medical Center's students are minorities or immigrants. The College of Medicine has the highest percentage of minority students of any medical school in New York State.

Polytechnic University (New York), the United States' second oldest private technological university, founded in 1854, has its main campus in Downtown's MetroTech Center, a commercial, civic and educational redevelopment project of which it was a key sponsor. As of July 2008 it merged with the much larger and wealthier NYU, and is now called Polytechnic Institute of NYU.

Poly's MetroTech neighbor, CUNY's New York City College of Technology (City Tech) of The City University of New York (CUNY) (Downtown Brooklyn/Brooklyn Heights) is the largest public college of technology in New York State and a national model for technological education. Established in 1946, City Tech can trace its roots to 1881 when The Technical Schools of the Metropolitan Museum of Art were renamed The New York Trade School. That institution – which became the Voorhees Technical Institute many decades later – was soon a model for the development of technical and vocational schools worldwide. In 1971, Voorhees was incorporated into City Tech.

Long Island University is a private university in Downtown Brooklyn with 6,417 undergraduate students. In Clinton Hill, the Pratt Institute is one of the leading art schools in the United States and offers programs in art, architecture, fashion design, design, creative writing, library science, and other area disciplines.

The Central Library at Grand Army Plaza

Brooklyn is home to smaller liberal arts institutions such as Saint Francis College in Brooklyn Heights, Saint Joseph's College, New York in Clinton Hill and Boricua College in Williamsburg.

As an independent system, separate from the New York and Queens public library systems, the Brooklyn Public Library[49] offers thousands of public programs, millions of books, and use of more than 850 free Internet-accessible computers. It also has books and periodicals in all the major languages spoken in Brooklyn, including Russian, Chinese, Spanish, Hebrew, and Haitian Kreyol, as well as French, Yiddish, Hindi, Bengali, Polish, Italian, and Arabic. The Central Library is a landmarked building facing Grand Army Plaza and is undergoing extensive renovations and an underground expansion. There are 58 library branches, placing one within a half mile of each Brooklyn resident. In addition to specialized Business Library in Brooklyn Heights, the Library is preparing to construct its new Visual & Performing Arts Library (VPA) in the BAM Cultural District, which will focus on the link between new and emerging arts and technology and house traditional and digital collections. It will provide access and training to arts applications and technologies not widely available to the public. The collections will include the subjects of art, theater, dance, music, film, photography and architecture. A special archive will house the records and history of Brooklyn's arts communities.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Kings County, New York, United States Census Bureau, December 30, 2006
  2. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000", United States Census Bureau, accessed May 11, 2007.
  3. ^ American Fact Finder (U.S. Census Bureau): Table GCT-T1, 2008 Population Estimates for New York State by County, retrieved on May 15, 2009
  4. ^ American Fact Finder (U.S. Census Bureau): New York by County - Table GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data, retrieved on February 6, 2009
  5. ^ Greene and Harrington (1932). American Population Before the Federal Census of 1790. New York. , as cited in: Rosenwaike, Ira (1972). Population History of New York City. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. pp. 8. ISBN 0815621558. 
  6. ^ New York State Department of Economic Development
  7. ^ Kings County, New York
  8. ^ a b c Ellis, Edward Robb (1966). The Epic of New York City. Old Town Books. pp. 53. 
  9. ^ McCullagh, David. 1776. Simon & Schuster. May 24, 2005. [ISBN 978-0-7432-2671-4]
  10. ^ Cornell Law School Supreme Court Collection: Board of Estimate of City of New York v. Morris, accessed June 12, 2006
  11. ^ The webpage cannot be found, accessed October 10, 2007
  12. ^ Borough of Brooklyn.blue and gold.
  13. ^ "'Black seat' threatened by Yassky’s congressional run, big money support." 1 June 2006.[1]
  14. ^ Anthony Weiner neighborhoods, accessed April 15, 2007.
  15. ^ "NYC Post Offices to observe Presidents’ Day." United States Postal Service. February 11, 2009. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  16. ^ Brooklyn Borough President
  17. ^ BP (Borough Pres.) Markowitz joins Vienna deputy mayor to announce new "district partnership" (March 05)
  18. ^ Vienna in New York 2007 (2007-03-15)
  19. ^ Brooklyn in Leopoldstadt (2007-07-05)
  20. ^ a b c New York State Department of Labor Brooklyn Report, April 2006. [2]
  21. ^ New York City Economic Development Corporation, Brooklyn Borough Update March 2004.[3]
  22. ^ New York State Dept of Labor [4]
  23. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 County Business Patterns. [5]
  24. ^ New York State Dept of Labor [6]
  25. ^ American Factfinder 2000 Ancestry: Kings County, NY
  26. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  27. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, "Residential Population and Components of Change New York State and Counties, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005." Retrieved on 2006-08-04.[7]
  28. ^ MLA Data Center - Kings County, New York Retrieved 4 November 2006.
  29. ^ "African Americans", Encyclopedia of Chicago Accessed 1 March 2008
  30. ^ Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990. U.S. Bureau of the Census - Population Division, accessed 1 March 2008
  31. ^ San Francisco Hopes to Reverse Black Flight
  32. ^ Census Shows More Black Residents Are Leaving New York and Other Cities
  33. ^ "State & County QuickFacts: California". U.S. Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06000.html. Retrieved February 11 2007. 
  34. ^ Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation. Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy Report, 2002.http://www.bedc.org/statistics/domestic_migration.htm
  35. ^ Muhammad, Nisa Islam. "D.C. ‘exodus’ sparks district renewal efforts for Whites", The Final Call, June 21, 2007. Accessed June 25, 2007.
  36. ^ German Original Titel: Mit Allah in Brooklyn
  37. ^ http://schools.nyc.gov/ChoicesEnrollment/High/Directory/school/?sid=3330#AdditionalInformationAnchor
  38. ^ Partnership with Leopoldstadt (Vienna, Austria): List of twin towns and sister cities in Austria#Vienna or scroll down to New York City, then proceed to Brooklyn on the list of sister cities in New York.
  39. ^ http://diepresse.com/home/politik/aussenpolitik/289167/index.do?from=suche.intern.portal
  40. ^ http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5irUYN-jzvVqxM2-KINEi4mGpGJiQD94KR8SG0
  41. ^ Brooklyn Events at a Glance, accessed October 10, 2007
  42. ^ Rare Sport for Connoisseurs: How Baseball Was Born in Brooklyn [8]
  43. ^ Ebbets Field, Accessed October 10, 2007
  44. ^ Convissor, Daniel DOT Sees More Highways As Brooklyn's Road to Clean Air, Auto-Free Press, January/February 1992. Retrieved 4 November 2006.
  45. ^ ^ New York City School Reports 2006-07
  46. ^ http://bths.edu/school_history.jsp?rn=9612672
  47. ^ Brooklyn Tech Alumni Foundation Hall of Fame
  48. ^ Leiter's Law School Rankings
  49. ^ http://www.brooklynpubliclibrary.org

Further reading

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Grand Army Plaza
Grand Army Plaza

Brooklyn is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview. Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.

Brooklyn (its name as borough of the city of New York; it is also Kings County, a county of the state of New York), the "Borough of Homes and Churches," is one of the five Boroughs of New York. It used to be and still feels much like a city in its own right, with approximately 2.5 million inhabitants. If separated from the rest of New York City, Brooklyn would be the 4th most populous American city.

Brooklyn is situated on the westernmost point of Long Island and shares a land boundary with Queens which partially encircles Brooklyn to the north, east and south; Manhattan lies across the East River to the west and north of Brooklyn and Staten Island is across the Verrazano Narrows to the southwest.

Brooklyn is currently enjoying a period of growth and affluence not seen since before World War II. There's world-class theater at the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the center of a proposed new arts district that will include a new art museum and a highly controversial Frank Gehry-designed sports area home for the NBA's Nets. Frederick Law Olmsted, who designed Brooklyn's Prospect Park as well as Manhattan's Central Park, thought his Brooklyn creation the finer of the two. Elsewhere in the borough, Williamsburg is a hipster neighborhood and burgeoning art colony, and Brighton Beach is home to New York's largest concentration of Russian immigrants.

Brooklyn's districts
Brooklyn's districts
Williamsburg
Downtown
The main tourism district in Brooklyn, Downtown Brooklyn has majestic buildings, the Brooklyn Bridge, and an unparalleled view of the Manhattan skyline.
Gowanus and Red Hook
Prospect Park
Pretty brownstone houses, the Brooklyn Museum, the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens, and more, all ringing Olmstead and Vaux's preferred park.
Greenwood and New Utrecht
Bedford-Stuyvesant and Flatbush
Coney Island and Brighton Beach
Home to the fabled Coney Island amusement parks. Due to conflict between locals and the city government, many of the amusement parks have now closed, but the famous Cyclone remains running. Also home to New York's only aquarium, the Cyclones minor league baseball team, and one of the largest Russian-speaking communities outside the former USSR.
East Brooklyn

There are a variety of neighborhoods in Brooklyn. Small Town Brooklyn [1] has a scrollable map of many of them:

  • Downtown Brooklyn, which is the central shopping and business area, anchored by Fulton St. west of Flatbush Avenue, looks similar to the downtown of almost any other major American city, with department stores, clothing and electronic shops, a Borough Hall, two universities, a major railroad station, the Brooklyn Academy of Music concert hall, many office buildings, and municipal, state and federal buildings and courthouses. Many subway and bus lines go to or through Downtown Brooklyn.
  • Brooklyn Heights is a residential neighborhood with elegant buildings and historic churches. It is an expensive neighborhood to live in, partly because of its great views of the Lower Manhattan skyline. The area's brownstone buildings and shopping district give it a quaint yet thriving feel. This is the richest neighborhood in Brooklyn, and more expensive than parts of Manhattan.
  • Canarsie is a West Indian neighborhood with somewhat of a "small-town" feel, largely composed of 1- and 2-family houses. The major commercial streets are Rockaway Parkway and parts of Seaview Avenue. It is served by the Rockaway Parkway station on the L line.
  • Cobble Hill is a quiet neighborhood of bookstores, shops, and restaurants. Old time Italian neighborhood with great pizza and Italian ices. Great restaurants and quite a number of bars along Court St. and Smith St.
Brooklyn neighborhoods
Brooklyn neighborhoods
  • DUMBO is an acronym for Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass. Once popular with artists for loft space, it has now become popular with a richer, trendier crowd. Walk along the riverfront park for a unique and unforgettable view of the Brooklyn and Manhattan Bridges and the Manhattan skyline.
  • Park Slope- Long a haven for interracial families, lesbians and gays, and everyone else with a certain kind of groove in NYC, this upscale but downhome neighborhood can be joked about as the Berkeley of New York City. The granola eating transplant crowd might make you queasy at times and nostalgic for crackheads, but the neighborhood itself is beautiful. Boutiques, cafés, bars, health food stores like the 30 year old Park Slope Food Coop [2], and attractive young people pushing strollers. Also home to a sizeable lesbian community since the 1970's. Take the B or Q to 7th Ave, the M or R to 9th St, or the F or G to 4th Ave or 7th Ave and walk the neighborhood. Prospect Park[3] is large, beautiful and green. Ice-skate here in the winter. Fly kites and enjoy free weekend concerts in the summer. While staying hip and vibrant, "the slope" as it is commonly referred to, also enjoys its share of wealth. The quaint, tree-lined streets closer to the park house ornate, brownstones, townhouses, full service apartment buildings, and even a few full scale urban mansions on the parkside. These residences include the homes of names such as Senator Charles Schumer (D-NY) and famed actresses Jennifer Connelly and Maggie Gyllenhaal. Check out 5th Ave for the restaurants and bars.
  • Carroll Gardens- Historians date the name to the 1960's and the real estate people like to enlarge its borders. It encompasses part of Smith St. and the nearby areas. In the 1950's and further back in time, this area was known, to the dismay of many, as Red Hook, and it still is called both Red Hook and South Brooklyn by many. Smith St. has a newly charged restaurant row, but there are still plenty of old school Italian-American gems to be found.
  • Williamsburg- Take L train from Manhattan to Bedford or Lorimer. Many restaurants, several popular music clubs and a burgeoning art gallery district. This is now what Greenwich Village used to be - including the artsy scene complete with eclectic galleries and off-beat bars. Have dinner at Sea (N6th & Bedford) and go to the Royal Oak for a drink (N11th & Union).
  • East Williamsburg- Centered around the Morgan Ave stop on the L train. Seemingly a desolate industrial area, this neighborhood has a strong developing music scene. It is also home to the swinger's club Grego's. Brooklyn's natural food store can be found here.
  • Bushwick- Rich in its own history, Bushwick is home to many brownstones, mansions, and projects alike. As a low-income neighborhood, shopping can be done on Knickerbocker Avenue, whether for clothes, appliances, or food. The newly restored Maria Hernandez Park on Knickerbocker Ave. and Suydam St. is a nice spot to bring the kids and relax in the shade of the trees. While it's not like neighboring "East Williamsburg", Williamsburg, or Bedford-Stuyvesant, Bushwick has its own sense of community, not to be confused with anything else. However violent crime is a still a concern along with the other social problems in the community associated with the high poverty rate.
  • Prospect Heights- Just north of Prospect Park, and traditionally considered part of Crown Heights, features the Brooklyn Museum [4], which is first-rate but often overlooked due to the museums in nearby Manhattan; a block away from the museum is the Brooklyn Botanic Garden [5]. Take the 2 or 3 train to Eastern Parkway.
  • Red Hook is a formerly-bustling industrial area which is on the upswing. It is served by the F & G trains at Smith-9th Street. Settled in 1636 by the Dutch, it has seen many a boom and bust is today caught between those who like it as the sleepy part of town that time forgot vs. those who seek to restore its crown as the Queen of Kings County Commerce. If you're looking for something off the beaten path, Red Hook is it. Many artists call Red Hook their home, so don't be surprised to see random sculptures, galleries, or creative gardens across from city housing or burned out buildings. However due to a massive low income public housing project which houses most of the neighborhood's residents, precautions should be taken. Violent crime including robbery is a problem in the community.
  • Cypress Hills- A subsection of East NY. See East NY.
  • Fort Greene has some great restaurants and the Brooklyn Academy of Music [6] which features an art-house cinema, theater, and concerts such as the Next Wave Festival [7].
  • Coney Island [8]. Ah, the famous Coney Island. Take the D, F, N, or Q trains to the end to enjoy the beach or amusements or just get your official Nathan's hot dog. The Cyclone, a 1927 roller coaster, is the most famous of the amusement park rides at Coney Island, for good reason: It packs a lot of thrill into a small lot. There is also a great view of Manhattan from the top of the Wonder Wheel (a large ferris wheel). Otherwise, the amusement park is somewhat seedy, which is part of its appeal. The high concentration of public housing projects in the area does make the neighborhood around the amusement park somewhat unsafe. Precaution should be taken if exploring these areas.
  • Brighton Beach - The largest Russian-speaking community outside of the former USSR. It's unlike any other neighborhood in the city. It can be reached by the Q (local) or B (express) trains by going to Brighton Beach Avenue. Mosey on along the famous boardwalk and have a shashlik (shish-kebob) with a shot of vodka for lunch.
  • Bay Ridge- Traditionally a residential Irish-Italian-Norwegian neighborhood, Bay Ridge has recently seen an influx of Arab and Russian families as well. The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge connects to here from Staten Island, and Fort Hamilton, a United States Army Base, is here as well. There is a great variety of good values in food to be had in this neighborhood, especially on 3rd Av. Also, one of the top bar area's in the non-downtown area of Brooklyn.
  • Sunset Park- Called New York Cities little Puerto Rico and Brooklyn's China Town. Sunset Park is one of the most diverse neighborhoods in New York City. Located just less than 20 munites away from downtown Brooklyn Sunset Park is a place for all families to come and shop and run irene's on the heart of Sunset Park, 5th avenue between 60th and 44rth streets. Its hilly terrain gives magnificent views of Downtown Brooklyn and Manhattan, Staten Island, Jersey City and the near by Verezzano Bridge. Besides the hispanic part of the nieborhood filled with families from Puerto Rican, Dominican, Meixcan and other hispanic decent, the chinnese also put Sunset Park on the map with its countless Chineese Resturants found on 8th Avenue between 60th and 40th streets. Besides the diversity Sunset Park also has a severe drug problem and was the site of the August 8, 2007 Brooklyn tornado, At least 40 buildings and 100 cars were damaged.
  • Greenpoint- At the northwestern tip of Brooklyn, Greenpoint is the second largest Polish enclave in the United States (after Chicago), but is also home to a sizable Latino population (north of Huron St.) and a growing number of hipsters (see Franklin St.). Get Polish food at Karczma (136 Greenpoint Av.), coffee at Ashbox (Manhattan Av. between Ash & Box), brunch at Brooklyn Label (Franklin & Java), Mexican at Acapulco's (Manhattan & Clay). Lots of good Polish meat markets along Manhattan and Nassau Avs, too. For some industrial chic, walk down Java Street to its dead end at the East River for great views of Midtown. Nearest subway: G train to Nassau Av. and Greenpoint Av. stations.
  • Flatbush- Formerly a Jewish, Italian, and Irish neighborhood, and before that settled by members of the Dutch Reformed Church, and now a largely West-Indian neighborhood, is the home of Brooklyn College, one of the most beautiful campuses in the area. In the very center is the 18th Century Dutch Reformed Church at the corner of Flatbush and Church Avenues, and its original school house dating to 1787 and originally called Erasmus Hall. Now it is the administration building of the public Erasmus Hall High School, its own building over 100 years old. The neighborhood's eponymous commercial main street, Flatbush Avenue, going from the Manhattan Bridge on the north to the Gil Hodges Marine Parkway Bridge leading to the Rockaway Peninsula section of Queens on the south. Get there by taking the 2 or 5 trains to Church, Newkirk, or Flatbush Avenues or Newkirk Avenue.
  • Midwood is a quiet residential area with some commercial streets, located on the other side of the Brooklyn College campus from Flatbush and extending for some ways to the south. The neighborhood is ethnically mixed, but includes a substantial population of Modern Orthodox Jews and some Chasidim, and many shops are closed on Saturdays and Jewish holidays. The area has one of New York City's largest concentrations of beautiful free-standing hundred-year-old Victorian and Edwardian homes. An interesting example of this is the Avenue H station house on the Q subway line, which was first built a century ago as the local real estate office selling these homes. It is a historic site and a unique fixture among the city's subway system. (See The Little Station House in the Woods [9] for more information.)
  • Sheepshead Bay - Located near Coney Island amusement parks, this neighborhood is populated with many Chinese and Russian immigrants. Includes restaurants along the Bay and the famous El Greco diner. It is served by the B & Q trains.
  • Bensonhurst used to be Italian as far as the eye could see, but it now contains Albanian, Pakistani, Korean, Chinese, Mexican, and many Eastern European immigrants as well. Nonetheless, it is still the center of Brooklyn's Italian community and is one of the most well-known Italian-American neighborhoods in the United States. The train runs above ground and it is a lively place with an Old New York feel. Many of the best "unknown" restaurants in Brooklyn (known locally but often ignored by the Manhattan-based establishment) can be found in Bensonhurst. Get there by taking the D or M train to 18th, or 20th Avenues, or Bay Parkway.
  • Crown Heights is largely a mixture of West Indians and Chasidic Jews. Get there by taking the 3 or 4 trins to Utica Avenue. Part of the neighborhood is near the Brooklyn Botanic Gardens and the Brooklyn Museum. Violent crime is a still a concern along with the other social problems in the community so use caution.
  • Borough Park contains the biggest Chasidic community in the city. You will see lots of kosher food on sale, and shops that are closed every Friday night and Saturday but open on Sunday, due to religious rules. If these things are unfamiliar to you, a trip to Borough Park may be worthwhile.
  • Bedford-Stuyvesant is a major African-American neighborhood with some African presence. It is served by the A nd C around Nostrand Avenue. It is the second largest African-American neighborhood in the country after the city of Detroit. Bed-Stuy, as it is called by most New Yorkers, has been gentrifying lately. However violent crime is a still a concern along with the other social problems in the community.
  • East New York- like many Brooklyn Neighborhoods its rich in its own history with homes where farms once stood and its many parks like Highland Park where children can roam free to play, the Gateway mall is one of the few suburban-like malls in the city and the City Line subsection or Liberty Avenue where residents can come and do there shopping for food and clothing. But with the mall, parks and new homes popping everywhere comes the projects. Like Brownsville, East New York is one of most dangerous communities in New York City.
  • Brownsville is another mainly African-American neighborhood. It is just to the west of East New York, and like East New York, it remains among the more dangerous neighborhoods in New York, though crime statistics have declined in recent years, and does not merit a visit from most tourists.
  • Kensington is located south of Prospect Park. It is the most diverse neighborhood in Brooklyn and is one of the most diverse in the United States. It is served by the F & G at Church Avenue.

Understand

Brooklyn was once a separate city independent of the City of New York. The cities merged at the end of the nineteenth century, forever after lamented by Brooklynites as "the Great Mistake of 1898." However, Manhattan is frequently referred to as "the city" by residents of the other boroughs — for example, in the phrase "I'm going to the city." Many Brooklynites have a great deal of pride in their borough and most New Yorkers consider Brooklynites to have an identity distinct from that of other New Yorkers. Be careful not confuse Brooklyn and the Bronx - they are very different parts of New York City.

  • Brooklyn Tourism & Visitors Center, Historic Brooklyn Borough Hall, 209 Joralemon Street, Ground Floor, [10]. Official tourist and visitor information center and gift shop with unique Brooklyn souvenirs.  edit

Get in

Subway

Brooklyn is well served by some 18 subway lines, most of which provide direct connections to Manhattan or Queens. The sheer size of the borough does make it harder to identify the fastest route - it is best to download a subway map from the Metropolitan Transit Authority's website [11] or pick one up for free at what New Yorkers still anachronistically call a token booth, even though tokens are no longer on sale or used in the New York subways.

Long Island Railroad

The Long Island Railroad [12] has a major station at Flatbush Av., which is accessible from the Atlantic Avenue/Pacific Street combined subway stop, served by the 2, 3, 4, 5 (on weekdays), B (on weekdays), D, M (during rush hours), N, Q, and R lines and also near the Lafayette Avenue station of the C train, and the Fulton Street station of the G train. Other LIRR stops in Brooklyn are Nostrand Av. at Atlantic Avenue (served by the A and C subway lines a few bllocks away on Fulton Street) and East New York (served by the A, C, L, J, and Z a few blocks away at Broadway Junction). Eastbound trains continue to Jamaica Station in Queens, from where passengers can change to most LIRR lines for points further east or take the AirTrain to John F. Kennedy Airport (JFK).

By bus

Brooklyn is covered by an extensive network of MTA buses, for which a map is essential [13]. Of particular note is the B51 bus, which runs between City Hall in Manhattan and Smith St./Fulton St. in Downtown Brooklyn, via the Manhattan Bridge. The trip is particularly beautiful on the way to Manhattan. Note that the bus operates only on weekdays, with the last bus leaving Smith St./Fulton St. at 7:10 P.M. and from Park Row at 7:40 P.M., according to the current schedule and depending on traffic. See the MTA website for bus maps and schedules of individual bus lines. The B39 travels over the East River on the Williamsburg Bridge between Manhattan and Brooklyn. Another route of note is the B15, which runs between JFK Airport and the Woodhull Hospital in South Williamsburg. Service on that route is provided around the clock. Possibly the longest mostly straight-line bus route in Brooklyn is the B41, which runs nearly the length of Flatbush Avenue from the line's northern terminal near Borough Hall just west of Flatbush Avenue itself to Kings Plaza at Avenue U (with a second branch to the Mill Basin area), about 9 miles away. Other long routes run a Limited-Stop service making stops at major intersections and points of interest. Limited-Stop service is provided on the B6, B41, B44 (along Nostrand/Bedford Avenues), B46 (along Utica Avenue), and B35 (along Church Avenue). That pattern is in effect from around 6.00AM to 10.00PM daily on these routes (5.00AM-11.30PM on the B46). The B49 has southbound limited-stop service on weekday mornings, mainly tailored for college students traveling to Kingsborough Community College. The B103 is a limited-stop route from downtown Brooklyn to Canarsie, which runs on weekdays,Saturdays, and Sundays.

One can also take express buses to/from Manhattan ($5.50 one way). Most express buses serve Southern Brooklyn, for the most part an area that's somewhat subway deprived, especially to the east. The X27 and X28 run daily from around 6.00AM to 11.30PM. The X29 runs rush hours only, to Manhattan in the morning and to Brooklyn in the afternoon. Other express routes run every day except Sunday, and have a BM prefix.

By car

The connections between Queens and Brooklyn are too numerous to mention. This is because the two boroughs share a land boundary, so almost every street on the border just continues into the other borough. (Prior to 1990, the street signs in each borough had different colors, but they have since become all green - with the exception of brown signs for historic streets - and can no longer be useful in distinguishing between the boroughs.)

The Williamsburg, Manhattan, and Brooklyn Bridges link Manhattan and Brooklyn, and the Verrazano Narrows Bridge links Staten Island and Brooklyn. Of those, only the Verrazano is a toll bridge. There is also a toll tunnel, the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel, which links Brooklyn with the Battery (the southern tip of Manhattan).

Foot or Bicycle

All the bridges between Brooklyn and Manhattan are now accessible to both pedestrians and cyclists. Prospect Park has a main road which is closed to cars on the weekend and open to bicycles. There are numerous bicycle paths in the Park. Along New York Bay to the southwest, there are many sections where one can bicycle.

By ferry

The Water Taxi, at Fulton Ferry Landing[14], will transport you to Brooklyn from various points along the East River. The Water Taxi recently added service between southern Manhattan and Red Hook, intended for customers of the newly built Red Hook Ikea, but available to everyone.

See

See the Districts articles for more listings.

You can cross the Brooklyn Bridge on foot
You can cross the Brooklyn Bridge on foot
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch in Grand Army Plaza
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch in Grand Army Plaza
  • Brooklyn Bridge, [15]. Work started in 1870 on the first bridge crossing of the East River between Manhattan and Brooklyn, finally completing in 1883 - a 1,595 ft suspension bridge and, as a plaque on it says, a "structure of beauty."  edit
  • Grand Army Plaza, [16]. The gateway to Prospect Park, laid out in 1870. The Soldiers and Sailors Arch was added in 1892 as a memorial to the victorious Union Army. The Plaza itself is a large traffic circle surrounded by trees; apartment buildings; the main branch of the Brooklyn Public Library, itself a large distinctive landmark building; and a memorial bust of President John F. Kennedy. Each June, Grand Army Plaza is the focus for the Welcome Back to Brooklyn Festival for those who lived in the borough.  edit
  • Park Slope Historic District. One of Brooklyn's most prized brownstone neighborhoods. It is predominantly residential, characterized by late 19th and early 20th century rowhouses with architectural significance.  edit
  • Brooklyn Museum, 200 Eastern Parkway (Subway: 2, 3, Eastern Parkway / Brooklyn Museum), +1 718 638-5000, [17]. W-F 10AM-5PM, Sa-Su 11AM-6PM. Housed in a 560,000-square-foot, Beaux-Arts building, the Brooklyn is the 2nd largest art museum in New York City and one of the largest in the USA. Its world-renowned permanent collections include more than one million objects, from ancient Egyptian masterpieces to contemporary art, and represent a wide range of cultures. Only a 30-minute subway ride from midtown Manhattan, with its own newly renovated subway station, the Museum is part of a complex of 19th century parks and gardens that also includes Prospect Park, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, and the Prospect Park Zoo. On the first Saturday of each month, the museum is open until 11PM with free admission and special events. suggested contribution adults $8, students with valid ID $4, adults 65 and over $4, members and children under 12 free.  edit
  • New York Transit Museum, 130 Livingston St., 10th Floor, corner of Boerum Place and Schermerhorn St. (2 3 4 5* to Borough Hall, M R to Court Street, A C G to Hoyt-Schermerhorn Street, A C F to Jay Street/Borough Hall; many buses also stop nearby), +1 718 694-1600, [18]. Tu–F 10AM-4PM, Sa-Su 12PM-5PM, closed Mondays and major holidays. A self supporting arm of the MTA, it is housed in the Subway's former Court Street Station, on a spur line from the current A and C lines. Closed to passengers in 1946, it was reopened in 1976 as the New York Transit Exhibit and was popular enough to be made permanent. The museum is made up of two underground levels: the Mezzanine, which hosts exhibits on the construction of the subway, surface transportation in New York, fare collection and rotating exhibits on various transit-related subjects; and the station platform, which houses about 20 retired subway cars dating as far back as 1903 and a working signal tower. The museum sponsors events throughout the year, including simple art projects, walking tours on the subway, and rides on the museums' fleet of retired trains. Adults $5, Children 3–17 years of age $3, Senior Citizens (62+) $3. Seniors Free Wednesdays..  edit
  • Brooklyn Children's Museum, 145 Brooklyn Avenue, +1 718 735-4400, [19]. A highly interactive museum designed specifically for children. $5 per person.  edit
  • The Hogar Collection, 362 Grand Street (between Havemeyer and Marcy Ave; Subway directions: L train to Bedford or Lorimer- JMZ train to Marcy Ave), +1 718 388-5022, [20]. Th-M 12PM-7PM and by appointment. The gallery was founded by two artists: Todd Rosenbaum and Cecilia Biagini. According to its website: "The Hogar Collection is a gallery in the flourishing art community of Williamsburg, Brooklyn that represents local and international artists working in all contemporary art-making practices including painting, sculpture, photography, installation, video and sound. The gallery's aim is dedicated to the promotion of new art, dialogues, perspectives, and strives to be a venue that reflects the diversity of our ever changing world."  edit
  • Jewish Children's Museum, 790 Eastern Parkway (Subway: 3, Eastern Parkway / Kingston Avenue), [21]. The Jewish Children's Museum is the largest Jewish-themed children's museum in the United States. It aims for children of all faiths and backgrounds to gain a positive perspective and awareness of the Jewish heritage, fostering tolerance and understanding. The permanent collection features exhibits designed to be both educational and entertaining to children, often employing interactive multimedia. At the miniature golf course on the roof, for example, each hole represents a stage in Jewish life. The museum is in the Chabad-Lubavitch Chasidic community of Crown Heights at 790 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York, near the headquarters of the Lubavitch movement. The museum is run by Tzivos Hashem, a Chabad organization dedicated to the education of Jewish children. The museum opened in 2004. In 2005, the museum was among 406 New York City arts and social service institutions to receive part of a $20 million grant from the Carnegie Corporation, which was made possible through a donation by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg.  edit
Cherry blossoms in bloom at the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens.
Cherry blossoms in bloom at the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens.
  • Prospect Park, [22]. Established in 1867 and laid out by Olmsted and Vaux, the designers of Manhattan's Central Park. The Long Meadow is the largest continuous band of green space in New York.  edit
  • Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1000 Washington Avenue, [23]. The garden is 52 acres and the layout was well planned. It is definitely worth a visit. Designed by the Olmsted Brothers in 1910 and open to the public since 1911. The garden includes an authentic Japanese garden, a Children's Garden, and the Cranford Rose Garden. The garden has the largest cherry blossom trees in one place outside of Japan. There are 42 gorgeous varieties. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden hosts various festivities throughout the year, including Hanami Sakura in May and the Chile Pepper Festival in October.  edit
  • New York Aquarium, Boardwalk and West 8th St, Coney Island, [25].  edit

Do

See the Districts articles for more listings.

  • BAM Rose Cinemas, 30 Lafayette Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11217. A good cinema in an old opera hall. Films shown are in between arthouse and mainstream. Several subways nearby.  edit
  • Brooklyn Academy of Music, [26].  edit
  • Bargemusic, at the Fulton Ferry Landing, [27]. A truly hidden gem. This barge, moored permanently just under the Brooklyn Bridge, has chamber music fare every week with cheese, wine, plush seating, a fireplace, and gentle rocking to assist in your peaceful slumber. It also has a dynamite view of the lower Manhattan skyline.  edit

There are also many concerts at churches and synagogues (for example in Brooklyn Heights and Park Slope), as well as at colleges (such as Brooklyn College and New York Technical College). Check the listings in newspapers like the New York Press and Village Voice, which also have websites.

  • St. Ann's Warehouse, 38 Water St, DUMBO, [28]. A nondescript building on the corner of Water and Dock Streets, St. Ann's Warehouse delivers consistently impressive avant garde theater. $140 for five shows $119 for four, etc.  edit
  • The Brick, 575 Metropolitan Ave, Williamsburg, [29]. A former garage, The Brick is home to cutting-edge independent theater, The New York Clown Theater Festival, and an annual themed festival each year (past themes included the Moral Values Festival and the $ellout Festival). Tickets are an affordable $15.  edit
  • Brooklyn Cyclones, [30]. New York Mets single-A minor league team, which plays in Coney Island right next to the Boardwalk. They were established to fill the void of Brooklyn's old Major League Baseball team the Dodgers, who left for Los Angeles after the 1957 season.  edit
  • Walk across the Brooklyn Bridge -- or if you prefer, the Manhattan or Williamsburg Bridge. The Brooklyn Bridge itself is beautiful, and the view is splendid.
  • Walk along the Brooklyn Heights Promenade for great views of Manhattan.
  • TheBrooklynTour.com, 1-800-979-3370 (), [31]. Take a delicious and different 4 hour guided tour of Brooklyn's food and culture. $95.  edit
  • Visit some of Brooklyn's places of worship, including the Kane Street Synagogue [32] (236 Kane Street, 718-875-1550), built in 1856, or the East Midwood Jewish Center [33] (1625 Ocean Avenue; 718-338-3800), on the State and National Registers of Historic Places and home to weekly religious services and cultural happenings.

Buy

See the Districts articles for more listings.

  • Sahadi's, 187 Atlantic Ave (between Court and Clinton Sts.; 2, 4, 5, M, or R to Borough Hall/Court St. subway stops), +1 718 624-4550, [34]. The most famous purveyor of Middle Eastern foodstuffs in New York City. Across the street, there is another store which is open later. If you like Arab food, don't miss a trip to Atlantic Av.  edit
  • Cog & Pearl, 190 Fifth Avenue. A great place to find high quality hand-made designer items. A one-stop shop for last minute gifts.  edit
  • Brooklyn Superhero Supply Store, [35]. The Brooklyn Superhero Supply Co. is your one-stop shopping destination for crime-fighting needs in the Tri-State area. Items on sale include capes, masks, secret identity kits, invisibility detection goggles, particle blasters, powdered anti-matter, deflector gauntlets, bottled justice, maps showing hotspots of good and evil, power rings, and countless other tools essential for any hard-working do-gooder. Test a cape, get devillainized, create your superhero persona and enter it in the master log - they've got it all. The BSSC is also a clever front for the 826NYC Student Writing Center, a non-profit center founded by Dave Eggers (among others) where kids aged 6-18 may receive after school tutoring, or attend a variety of creative workshops, all free of charge. Student writing is on sale in the store, along with books and other items from the McSweeney's label. [36].  edit

Records

As the birth place of hip-hop culture New York has hundreds of records stores scattered around the area. Also, though vinyl has disappeared from the shelves of regular record stores, many stores still sell used and new vinyl.

  • Halcyon, 57 Pearl St, DUMBO, [37]. If taking the subway, you can take the F train to York Street, or the A/C train to High Street.  edit
  • Earwax Records, 218 Bedford Ave, Williamsburg.  edit

Eat

See the Districts articles for more listings.

  • 8th Avenue (or Third Chinatown). Stretching from 50th Street to 62nd Street, the avenue holds its own against Canal Street and Flushing. Fancy gourmet restaurants to alleyway noodle shops, Malaysian to Vietnamese and fare from every Chinese province, the neighborhood has it all. Closest subway is the N-line's '8th Avenue' stop on 62nd and 8th.  edit

Drink

See the Districts articles for more listings.

Sleep

See the Districts articles for more listings.

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia

Contents

English

Etymology

The borough is named after the Dutch town of Breukelen.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Brooklyn

Plural
-

Brooklyn

  1. A borough of New York City. It is located on the western end of Long Island.
  2. A female given name of modern usage, also spelled Brooklynn.

Derived terms

Translations


Simple English

File:Brooklyn Highlight New York City Map Julius
This is a map of New York City. The yellow part is Brooklyn.

Brooklyn is one of the 5 boroughs of New York City. Brooklyn is the second largest borough. Brooklyn has more people in it than any of the other 5 boroughs. At the end of 2006, there were about 2.5 million people who lived there.

History

Brooklyn named after a Dutch town called "Breukelen". The Dutch people were the first people from Europe to live in the area. When they got there, there were already some Native American people living there called the Lenape. The Dutch set up the city in 1634.

Brooklyn was a separate city before the people there voted to join New York City in 1898. Today, many parts of Brooklyn are home to a lot of people from one culture or ethnicity.

The Brooklyn Bridge is a famous bridge in Brooklyn. It goes over the East River and connects Brooklyn to Manhattan. Brooklyn is one of the best known boroughs.


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