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Coordinates: 53°43′41″N 0°34′24″W / 53.728107°N 0.573229°W / 53.728107; -0.573229

Brough
All Saints Church Brough.jpg
All Saints' Church
Brough is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Brough

 Brough shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population around 7,000
OS grid reference SE942266
Parish Elloughton-cum-Brough
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BROUGH
Postcode district HU15
Dialling code 01482
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Haltemprice and Howden
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Brough, pronounced /brʌf/, or Brough-on-Humber is a small town in the civil parish of Elloughton-cum-Brough in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The town has a population of around 7,000.

Contents

Location

It is located on the northern bank of the River Humber, approximately 12 miles (19 km) west of Hull city centre.

Demographics

Over the last couple of years there has been a shift in the socio-economic group of people living in Brough due to the great rail links and new housing developments with this change it has brought more money into the area. As a result the average wage rate and amount of spending has increased significantly.

Facilities

Brough has a number of shops and takeaways. There are two main supermarkets - Morrisons and Sainsbury's. Brough also has a number of places to eat, most of which are takeaways. These include Medici, a Fish and Chip shop, Indian Ocean, Lara Bella's and Station Supper (Chinese takeaway and restaurant). There is also a local bakery outlet - Woodheads. Brough also has the Brough Golf Club, the Blackburn Leisure and Social Club, and the Brough Library. There are three pubs (one of which - The Ferry Inn - is the only actual documented home of highwayman Dick Turpin, and is also the place he was arrested[1]), dentists, a vet, hairdressers, a medical centre, a private hearing aid audiologist, a post office, a cards and gifts outlet, a florists, and branches of Barclays, HSBC, NatWest and Lloyds TSB banks.

Hull Trains Class 222 Pioneer train arriving at Brough railway station

Transport

The town is served by Brough railway station on the Hull to Selby and Doncaster railway line. Direct rail services to London are provided by First Hull Trains (7 each weekday, 5 on Saturdays and Sundays) and East Coast (train operating company) (one return each day). There are other frequent services - First TransPennine Express trains run west to Leeds, Manchester, Manchester Airport, Liverpool, etc. while Northern Rail serves York, Leeds, Doncaster and Sheffield. All east-bound trains run to Hull: some then head North to Beverley, Driffield, Bridlington, Filey and Scarborough.

Most local bus services are provided by East Yorkshire Motor Services and run mainly to Hull but there are also daily Stagecoach in Hull services to Leeds. Additionally, National Express also stop at Brough.

The town lies 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the main A63 road from Kingston upon Hull to the M62 motorway. It is about 1 mile (1.6 km) to the A63 junction east, 2 miles (3.2 km) to the junction west (and then a further 4 miles (6.4 km) to the M62 motorway). Humberside Airport is 19 miles (31 km) to the south-east (reached by driving across the Humber Bridge), and overnight ferry services by P&O Ferries sail to Rotterdam and Zeebrugge from King George Dock, Hull (about 13 miles (21 km) away).

Industry

BAE Systems, Brough, manufactures the Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer aircraft[2] at Brough Aerodrome. BAE also offer widely sought-after and very competitive Modern Apprenticeships to local school leavers. The runway at the site has re-opened for occasional use solely by Hawk aircraft taking off after manufacture to transfer by air to Warton in Lancashire for final flight testing and painting[3][4] though the former Air Traffic Control building has now been transformed into the "Brough Business Centre".[5]

On 3 April 2008 BAE Systems announced it would be losing 450 jobs from the Brough site.[6]

History

The town was known as Petuaria during the Roman period, and served as the capital of the Celtic tribe of the Parisi. Petuaria marked the southern end of the Roman road known now as Cade's Road which ran roughly northwards for a hundred miles to Pons Aelius (modern day Newcastle upon Tyne).

The town is historically notorious for being associated with the highwayman Dick Turpin. Sometime around June 1737 Turpin boarded at the Ferry Inn at Brough, under the alias of John Palmer (or Parmen). Turpin travelled between and resided in Brough, until his capture and execution for horse theft in 1739.

References

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