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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brumaire was the second month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the French word brume (fog) which occurs frequently in France at that time of the year.

Brumaire was the second month of the autumn quarter (mois d'automne). It started between October 22 and October 24. It ended between November 20 and November 22. It follows the Vendémiaire and precedes the Frimaire. It was named lanhote in Souletin Basque[1].

In political/historical usage, Brumaire often refers to the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire in the year VIII (November 9, 1799), by which General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the government of the Directory to replace it with the Consulate.

3 Brumaire III
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 4
1 Wednesday
22 October 1794
2 Thursday
23 October 1794
3 Friday
24 October 1794
4 Saturday
25 October 1794
5 Sunday
26 October 1794
6 Monday
27 October 1794
7 Tuesday
28 October 1794
8 Wednesday
29 October 1794
9 Thursday
30 October 1794
10 Friday
31 October 1794
décade 5
11 Saturday
1 November 1794
12 Sunday
2 November 1794
13 Monday
3 November 1794
14 Tuesday
4 November 1794
15 Wednesday
5 November 1794
16 Thursday
6 November 1794
17 Friday
7 November 1794
18 Saturday
8 November 1794
19 Sunday
9 November 1794
20 Monday
10 November 1794
décade 6
21 Tuesday
11 November 1794
22 Wednesday
12 November 1794
23 Thursday
13 November 1794
24 Friday
14 November 1794
25 Saturday
15 November 1794
26 Sunday
16 November 1794
27 Monday
17 November 1794
28 Tuesday
18 November 1794
29 Wednesday
19 November 1794
30 Thursday
20 November 1794
10 h
6:23:91
Brumaire.jpg
14:58:26
24 h
French Republican Calendar - I - II - III - IV - V - VI - VII - VIII - IX - X - XI - XII - XIII - XIV - 217 - 218 - 219 - (Romme)

Contents

Day name table

Like all FRC months Brumaire lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi).

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Pomme (Apple) 11. Salsifis (Salsify) 21. Bacchante (Wild Ginger)
Duodi 2. Céleri (Celery) 12. Macre (Water Chestnut) 22. Azerole (Crete Hawthorn)
Tridi 3. Poire (Pear) 13. Topinambour (Jerusalem Artichoke) 23. Garence (Madder)
Quartidi 4. Betterave (Beet Root) 14. Endive (Endive) 24. Orange (Orange)
Quintidi 5. Oye (Goose) 15. Dindon (Turkey) 25. Faisan (Pheasant)
Sextidi 6. Héliotrope (European Turnsole) 16. Chervi (Skirret) 26. Pistache (Pistachio)
Septidi 7. Figue (Fig) 17. Cresson (Cress) 27. Macjonc (Sweetpea)
Octidi 8. Scorsonère (Black Salsify) 18. Dentelaire (Leadwort) 28. Coing (Quince)
Nonidi 9. Alisier (Chequer Tree) 19. Grenade (Pomegranate) 29. Cormier (Service Tree)
Decadi 10. Charrue (Plough) 20. Herse (Harrow) 30. Rouleau (Roller)

Conversion table

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Brumaire"
I II III V VI VII
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
October 1792 1793 1794 1796 1797 1798 November
IV VIII IX X XI XIII XIV
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
October 1795 1799 1800 1801 1802 1804 1805 November
XII
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
October 1803 November

See also

External links

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References

  1. ^ Revolución Francesa (La Revolución en el País Vasco continental): El Euskera en la Revolución, by Eugéne Goyenetche, in the Spanish-language Auñamendi Encyclopedia. It references Franciaco Republicaren Çaspigarren Ourtheco Qhoundaderra ("The [calendar?] of the year VII of the Republic of France")
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BRUMAIRE, the name of the second month in the republican calendar which was established in France by a decree of the National Convention on the 5th of October in the year II. (1793), completed with regard to nomenclature by Fabre d'Eglantine, and promulgated in its new form on the 4th of Frimaire. in the year II. (the 24th of November 1793). The month of Brumaire began on the day which corresponded, according to the year, to the 22nd or to the 23rd of October of the old calendar, and ended on the 20th or 21st of November. It was divided into "decades" like the other months of the republican calendar. Its name alludes to the fogs and mists frequent at that time of the year. The most important event in French history which took place during that month was the coup d'etat of the 18th Brumaire in the year VIII. (the 9th of November 1799), by which General Bonaparte overthrew the government of the Directory to replace it by the Consulate.

On the republican calendar, see G. Villain, "Le Calendrier republicain," in La Revolution francaise for 1884-1885.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also brumaire

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From brume (fog)

Proper noun

Singular
Brumaire

Plural
Brumaires

Brumaire (plural Brumaires)

  1. (historical) The second month of the French Republican Calendar, from late October to late November.

Translations


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