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Brunswick, Maryland
—  City  —
Location of Brunswick, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°18′50″N 77°37′36″W / 39.31389°N 77.62667°W / 39.31389; -77.62667Coordinates: 39°18′50″N 77°37′36″W / 39.31389°N 77.62667°W / 39.31389; -77.62667
Country United States
State Maryland
County Frederick
 - Total 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 - Land 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 295 ft (90 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 4,894
 Density 2,324.3/sq mi (897.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 21716
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-10900
GNIS feature ID 0595202

Brunswick is a city in Frederick County, Maryland, United States. The population was 4,894 at the 2000 census. The population was estimated to be at 5,230 in July 2006.[1]



The area now known as Brunswick was originally home to the Susquehanna Indians of the Iroquois tribe. In 1728 the first settlement was built, and the region became known as Eel Town, because the natives would fish for eel in the Potomac River. A grant to the land was then given to John Hawkins by George II of Great Britain on August 10, 1753. The land was sold and Leonard Smith platted it in 1787 with the name of “Berlin,” as many Germans settled in the area. The name “Berlin” however, could not be used for mail as there was already a Berlin on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, so the post office changed the name to "Barry." The town continued to grow and was incorporated April 18, 1890 with the name “Brunswick.”

Established along the now-defunct Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, the town became a hub for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, which built a six mile long rail yard along the Potomac from 1891 to 1912, boosting the population to over 5,000, and making Brunswick virtually a company town. The railroad reduced its yard operations in the 1950s.

Today Brunswick is home to a commuter rail station serving Washington, D.C., and also home of the Brunswick Railroad Museum that shows the history of the city, and is home of a large model railroad showing why the city's location was important to the railroad.


The largest city-wide event is "Railroad Days" in October. Other events year round include the Veterans Day Parade, Potomac River Festival and Race, "Movies in the Park" during the summer, The Farmer's Market, Arts In The Parks, Little League opening day, and various other city and museum events.

The City of Brunswick markets its historic downtown, the Railroad Museum, and its access to the C&O Canal and Potomac River. There are also live performances each Friday and Saturday at Beans in the Belfry, a local coffee shop in a converted church, and a number of antique stores.


Brunswick is located at 39°18′50″N 77°37′36″W / 39.31389°N 77.62667°W / 39.31389; -77.62667 (39.313908, -77.626732)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.5 km²), of which, 2.1 square miles (5.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.94%) is water.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 2,471
1910 3,721 50.6%
1920 3,905 4.9%
1930 3,671 −6.0%
1940 3,856 5.0%
1950 3,752 −2.7%
1960 3,555 −5.3%
1970 3,566 0.3%
1980 4,572 28.2%
1990 5,117 11.9%
2000 4,894 −4.4%
Decennial US Census

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 4,894 people, 1,866 households, and 1,306 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,324.3 people per square mile (895.5/km²). There were 1,957 housing units at an average density of 929.4/sq mi (358.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.09% White, 5.31% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.

There were 1,866 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.11.

Brunswick MARC station

In the city the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,513, and the median income for a family was $53,232. Males had a median income of $36,304 versus $25,017 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,685. About 2.5% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.


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