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This grey silk Brunswick is trimmed with striped ribbons. Lady Mary Fox by Pompeo Batoni, 1767.

A Brunswick gown or Brunswick is a two-piece woman's gown of the mid-eighteenth century.

The Brunswick comprises a hip-length jacket with a high neckline and a hood, worn with a matching petticoat. The jacket sleeves consist of an upper sleeve with flounces at the elbow and a tight, wrist-length lower sleeve.

The Brunswick is one of several informal jacket-and-petticoat costumes popular in the later eighteenth century, derived from working class costume but made up in fine fabrics.

Originating in France (based on a German fashion), the Brunswick was also popular in England and America as a traveling costume.


  • Baumgarten, Linda: What Clothes Reveal: The Language of Clothing in Colonial and Federal America, Yale University Press,2002. ISBN 0-300-09580-5
  • Ribeiro, Aileen: The Art of Dress: Fashion in England and France 1750-1820, Yale University Press, 1995, ISBN 0-300-06287-7
  • Ribeiro, Aileen: Dress in Eighteenth Century Europe 1715-1789, Yale University Press, 2002, ISBN 0-300-09151-6

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