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Buchanan County, Virginia
Seal of Buchanan County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Buchanan County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Seat Grundy
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

504 sq mi (1,305 km²)

0 sq mi (0 km²), 0.00%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

26,978
54/sq mi (21/km²)
Founded 1858
Website www.buchanancounty.org

Buchanan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 26,978. Its county seat is Grundy[1]. As of 2006, it was the poorest county in the state of Virginia and one of the 100 poorest counties in the United States, when ranked by median household income.[2]

Contents

History

The county was formed in 1858 from parts of Russell County and Tazewell County. It was named for James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (1857-1861).

In 1880 the southwestern part of Buchanan County was combined with parts of Russell County and Wise County to become Dickenson County.

Helen Timmons Henderson (1877-1925)[3] helped participate in the work of the Buchanan Mission School at Council, Va. She and Sarah Lee Fain (1888-1962) of Norfolk became the first two women to be elected into the Virginia General Assembly. They were both Democrats in the House of Delegates. When Helen was in office, the delegates agreed to let 6.2 miles of improved road to be placed from Russell County, across Big "A" Mountain, to Council. Route 80 is also known as "Helen Henderson Highway."

Paul Crouse (born in 1938) is the longest serving sheriff of Buchanan County (from 1984-2004). After the 2004 elections, he was defeated by Republican candidate and current Sheriff Ray Foster. Crouse has retired from law enforcement and his record still stands.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 504 square miles (1,305 km²), of which, 504 square miles (1,305 km²) of it is land and 0 square miles (0 km²) of it (0.00%) is water. It is home to Poplar Gap Park.

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Districts

The county is divided into seven supervisor districts: Garden, Hurricane, Knox, North Grundy, Prater, Rock Lick, and South Grundy.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Age distribution of Buchanan County, Virginia

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 26,978 people, 10,464 households, and 7,900 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 11,887 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.75% White, 2.62% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. 0.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,464 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 27.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,213, and the median income for a family was $27,328. Males had a median income of $29,540 versus $17,766 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,788. About 19.80% of families and 23.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.20% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.

Towns

Unincorporated Communities

  • Big Rock
  • Council
  • Davenport
  • Harman
  • Harman Junction

Education

Colleges

Private Schools

  • Mountain Mission School, Grundy
  • Keen Mountain Christian Academy, Oakwood

Public High Schools

All public schools in Buchanan County are operated by Buchanan County Public Schools system.

Public Elementary & Middle Schools

  • Riverview Elementary Middle School
  • Hurley Elementary
  • J.M. Bevins Elementary
  • Russel Prater Elementary
  • Hurley Elementary
  • Hurley Middle School

Inactive Schools

  • Harman Elementary
  • Vansant Elementary
  • Big Rock Elementary
  • Grundy Jr. High School (Now the law School)
  • Garden Elementary
  • Whitewood Elementary School
  • Whitewood High School (Now Twin Valley High School)

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ State and County Estimates for 2006. Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2009-04-07.
  3. ^ Sutherland, Elihu Jasper. Some Sandy Basin Characters. Published by Elihu Jasper Sutherland: Clintwood, Virginia, 1962.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 37°16′N 82°02′W / 37.27°N 82.04°W / 37.27; -82.04


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Buchanan County, Virginia
Seal of Buchanan County, Virginia
Map
File:Map of Virginia highlighting Buchanan County.png
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1858
Seat Grundy
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,305 km² (504 mi²)
 sq mi ( km²)
0 km² (0 mi²), 0.00%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

26,978
21/km² 
Website: www.buchanancounty.org

Buchanan County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, "Commonwealth" — of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 26,978. Its county seat is Grundy6.

Contents

History

The county was formed in 1858 from parts of Russell County and Tazewell County. It was named for James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (1857-1861).

In 1880 the southwestern part of Buchanan County was combined with parts of Russell County and Wise County to become Dickenson County.

Paul Crouse (born in 1938) is the longest serving sheriff of Buchanan County (from 1984-2004). After the 2004 elections, he was defeated by Republican candidate and current Sheriff Ray Foster. Crouse has retired from law enforcement and his record still stands.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,305 km² (504 mi²). 1,305 km² (504 mi²) of it is land and 0 km² (0 mi²) of it (0.00%) is water.

Districts

The county is divided into seven supervisor districts: Garden, Hurricane, Knox, North Grundy, Prater, Rock Lick, and South Grundy.

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

Age distribution of Buchanan County, Virginia

As of the census² of 2000, there were 26,978 people, 10,464 households, and 7,900 families residing in the county. The population density was 21/km² (54/mi²). There were 11,887 housing units at an average density of 9/km² (24/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.75% White, 2.62% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. 0.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,464 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 27.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,213, and the median income for a family was $27,328. Males had a median income of $29,540 versus $17,766 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,788. About 19.80% of families and 23.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.20% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.

Towns

Unincorporated Communities

Education

Colleges

Private Schools

  • Mountain Mission School, Grundy

Public High Schools

External links

Coordinates: 37°16′N 82°02′W / 37.27, -82.04

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Buchanan County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Buchanan County, VirginiaRDF feed
County names Buchanan County, Virginia  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Virginia  +
Short name Buchanan County  +

This article uses material from the "Buchanan County, Virginia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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