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Coordinates: 52°00′00″N 0°59′17″W / 52.000°N 0.988°W / 52.000; -0.988

Buckingham
County constituency
BuckinghamConstituency.svg
EnglandBuckinghamshire.svg
Buckingham shown within Buckinghamshire, and Buckinghamshire shown within England
Created: 1542
MP: John Bercow
Party: Speaker
Type: House of Commons
County: Buckinghamshire
EP constituency: South East England

Buckingham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Contents

Boundaries

The constituency takes up a large part of central Buckinghamshire, covering much of the Aylesbury Vale district including the town of Buckingham. To the north, the remaining part of ceremonial Buckinghamshire forms two Borough of Milton Keynes constituencies (Milton Keynes South West and Milton Keynes North East).

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Boundary review

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Buckinghamshire, the Boundary Commission for England has made minor changes to the existing Buckingham seat which will come into effect at the 2010 general election. The electoral wards forming the modified constituency are:

  • (from Aylesbury Vale district) Bierton, Brill, Buckingham North, Buckingham South, Cheddington, Edlesborough, Great Brickhill, Great Horwood, Grendon Underwood, Haddenham, Long Crendon, Luffield Abbey, Marsh Gibbon, Newton Longville, Pitstone, Quainton, Steeple Claydon, Stewkley, Tingewick, Waddesdon, Weedon, Wing, Wingrave, Winslow;
  • (from Wycombe district) Icknield and The Risboroughs.

History

There has been a Buckingham constituency since 1542. In the twentieth century, the constituency was held by the Conservative Party for most of the time. However, the Labour Party held Buckingham from 1945 until 1951 and again from 1964 until 1970, when its MP was the controversial publisher Robert Maxwell.

Prior to 1983, the new town of Milton Keynes was in the Buckingham constituency, until it had expanded substantially enough to merit a seat of its own. The sitting Buckingham MP William Benyon moved to the new Milton Keynes constituency, and was succeeded in Buckingham by George Walden. Walden retired in 1997, and John Bercow has held the seat since then. In 2009, Bercow was elected as Speaker of the House of Commons following the resignation of Michael Martin.

At the 2005 general election, this constituency had the Conservatives' highest numerical majority, although the percentage majority was higher in Kensington and Chelsea in London and Richmond in North Yorkshire.

Members of Parliament

  • Constituency created (1542)

MPs 1660-1868

Year First member First party Second member Second party
1660 John Dormer Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt.
1661 William Smith
February 1679 Viscount Latimer Sir Peter Tyrrell, 1st Bt.
August 1679 Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt.
1681 Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Bt.
1690 Alexander Denton
1697 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig
1698 Sir Edmund Denton
1702 Roger Price
May 1705 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig
December 1705 Browne Willis
1708 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig Alexander Denton
1710 Thomas Chapman
1713 John Radcliffe
1715 Alexander Denton Abraham Stanyan
1718 Edmund Halsey
March 1722 Richard Grenville
October 1722 William Heathcote
March 1727 John Fane
August 1727 Thomas Lewis
1728 George Chamberlayne
1734 Richard Grenville
1741 George Grenville Whig
1747 Richard Grenville
1753 Temple West
1754 James Grenville
1768 Henry Grenville
1770 James Grenville
1774 Richard Grenville
1780 Richard Aldworth-Neville
1782 William Grenville Whig
1784 Charles Edmund Nugent
June 1790 George Nugent
December 1790 The Lord Bridport
1796 Thomas Grenville
1802 Lord Proby
1805 Lord Proby
August 1806 Earl Percy Tory
November 1806 Sir William Young, 2nd Bt.
March 1807 Sir John Borlase Warren, 1st Bt.
May 1807 Hon. Richard Griffin
1810 Lord George Grenville Liberal
1812 Viscount Ebrington Whig William Henry Fremantle
1814 James Hamilton Stanhope
1818 Sir George Nugent, 1st Bt.
1827 Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle, 1st Bt. Conservative
1832 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1841 Sir John Chetwode, 4th Bt.
January 1846 John Hall
February 1846 Marquess of Chandos Conservative
1857 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1859 John Gellibrand Hubbard Conservative
1868 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1868-present

Election Member Party
1868 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1874 Egerton Hubbard Conservative
1880 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1885 Edmund Hope Verney Liberal
1886 Egerton Hubbard Conservative
1889 Edmund Hope Verney (expelled) Liberal
1891 Herbert Samuel Leon
1895 William Walter Carlile
1906 Frederick William Verney
1910 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1918 George Wentworth Bowyer Conservative
1937 John Percival Whiteley Conservative
1943 Lionel Berry Conservative
1945 Aidan Crawley Labour
1951 Frank Markham Conservative
1964 Robert Maxwell Labour
1970 William Benyon Conservative
1983 George Walden Conservative
1997 John Bercow Conservative
2009 Speaker

Election results

Confirmed candidates for the next UK general election*[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Speaker John Bercow
UKIP Nigel Farage
Independent Geoff Howard
BNP Lynne Mozar
Independent Patrick Phillips
Independent John Stevens
Majority
Turnout

*By convention the Speaker stands as an independant candidate for re-election, unopposed by other political parties.

2000s

General Election 2005: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Bercow 27,748 57.4 +3.7
Labour David Greene 9,619 19.9 −4.3
Liberal Democrat Luke Croydon 9,508 19.7 −0.3
UKIP David Williams 1,432 3.0 +0.9
Majority 18,129 37.5
Turnout 48,307 68.7 −0.7
Conservative hold Swing +4.0
General Election 2001: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Bercow 24,296 53.7 +3.9
Labour Mark Seddon 10,971 24.2 -0.5
Liberal Democrat Isobel Wilson 9,037 20.0 -4.7
UKIP Christopher Silcock 968 2.1 N/A
Majority 13,325 29.5
Turnout 45,272 69.4 -9.1
Conservative hold Swing +2.2

1930s

By-election 1937: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Whiteley 17,919 52.6 −5.4
Labour J.V. Delayhaye 12,820 37.6 −4.4
Liberal E.J. Boyce 3,348 9.8 N/A
Majority 5,000 15.0 −1.0
Turnout 47,738 71.4 −3.7
Conservative hold Swing

References

  1. ^ Buckingham, UKPollingReport

Bibliography

  • Iain Dale, ed (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955. 
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

See also

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was Sussex in 1754
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1763 - 1765
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was Bath in 1766
Preceded by
Glasgow North East
Constituency represented by the Speaker
2009 – present
Incumbent

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