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Budapest Honvéd
Budapest Honved FC logo.png
Full name Budapest Honvéd
Football Club
Founded 1909
Ground Bozsik Stadion,
Budapest
(Capacity: 10,000)
Chairman United States George Hemingway
Manager Italy Massimo Morales
League Hungarian League
2008–09 14th
Home colours
Away colours

Budapest Honvéd FC (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbudɒpɛʃt ˈhonveːd ɛf tseː] is a Hungarian sports club from Budapest best known for its football team. Originally formed as Kispest AC, they became Kispest FC in 1926 before reverting to their original name in 1944. The team enjoyed a golden age during the 1950s when it was renamed Budapest Honvéd SE and became the Hungarian Army team. The club’s top players from this era, Ferenc Puskás, Sándor Kocsis, József Bozsik and Zoltán Czibor, formed the nucleus of the legendary Hungarian team known as the Mighty Magyars and helped the club win the Hungarian League four times during the 1950s. During the 1980s and early 1990s the club enjoyed another successful period, winning a further eight Hungarian League titles. They also won league and cup doubles in 1985 and 1989. In 1991 the club was renamed Kispest Honvéd FC and adopted its current name in 2003.

When the club was originally formed in 1909 it also organised teams that competed in fencing, cycling, gymnastics, wrestling, athletics, boxing and tennis. Later the Honvéd family was extended to include a water polo team, now known as Domino-BHFC and a handball team that were European Champions in 1982.

On 25 November 2009, Budapest Honved was one of 5 European clubs identified by UEFA as being under investigation for suspected match fixing. [1]

Contents

History

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Kispesti AC

The club was founded on August 10, 1908 as Kispesti Atlétikai Club - Athletic Club of Kispest by Dr. Bálint Varga, a teacher. However the club’s earliest members could not agree on a club constitution until August 3, 1909 and this is generally recognised as the club’s foundation date. When the club was originally formed, Kispest was still a village, distinct from the city of Budapest. During the first three decades of it’s existence, the club was little more than a village team and enjoyed only moderate success, winning a single Hungarian Cup in 1926. During the 1930s the team included Rezső Rozgonyi and Rezső Somlai who both represented Hungary at the 1934 World Cup and Ferenc Puskás I, the father of Ferenc Puskás, and later a coach at the club during the 1940s.

Budapesti Honvéd SE

In 1943 both Ferenc Puskás and József Bozsik made their debut for Kispest FC and between 1947 and 1948 the club was coached by the legendary Hungarian coach Béla Guttman. However the club’s golden age really began in 1949 when it was taken over by the Hungarian Ministry of Defence and it became the Hungarian Army team. The man behind the take over was Gusztáv Sebes, the coach of the national team. Sebes was inspired by the Austrian Wunderteam and the Italy team that won two World Cups in the 1930s. Both teams were predominantly drawn from one or at most two clubs and Sebes wanted a similar system in Hungary.

In January 1949 when Hungary became a communist state, the resulting nationalisation of football clubs gave Sebes the opportunity. The two biggest Hungarian clubs at the time were Ferencvárosi TC and MTK Hungária FC. However while the secret police, the ÁVH took over MTK, Ferencváros was considered unsuitable because of it’s right-wing and nationalist traditions. Sebes turned instead to Kispesti AC. The Kispest name was dropped as the village was absorbed into District XIX of Budapest and the club was renamed Budapesti Honvéd SE. The name derives from Honvédség, the name of the Hungarian Army, and the word honvéd, which literally means defender of the homeland is also used to refer to an army private.

The Mighty Magyars

The Kispest AC team already included Ferenc Puskás and József Bozsik but army conscription now enabled Honvéd to recruit Sándor Kocsis, Zoltán Czibor and László Budai from Ferencváros, Gyula Lóránt from Vasas SC and the goalkeeper Gyula Grosics. Sebes was effectively able to use Honvéd as a training camp for the national team. During the early 1950s these Honvéd players formed the backbone of the legendary Mighty Magyars, helping Hungary become Olympic Champions in 1952, Central European Champions in 1953, defeat England twice and reach the 1954 World Cup final. Although on December 13 1953 Honved were beaten 3–2 away from home by Wolverhampton Wanderers in a famous floodlit fixture that is still talked about to this day.

European Cup

Honvéd itself also benefited, winning the Hungarian League in 1949–50, 1950, 1952, 1954, and 1955. The club’s reputation spread beyond Hungary and on December 13, 1954 they played Wolves, the reigning English League champions, in a prestige friendly. Honvéd were leading 2–0 at half-time, but eventually lost 3–2. It was games like this that led to establishment of the European Cup in 1955.

In 1956 Honvéd qualified for the second European Cup competition and in the first round they were drawn against Atlético Bilbao. Honvéd lost the away leg 2–3, but before the home leg could be played, the Hungarian Revolution had collapsed back in Budapest and the Soviet Union had invaded. The players decided against going back to Hungary and arranged for the return game with Atlético to be played at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels. However early in the game the Honvéd goalkeeper was injured and, with no substitutes permitted, Zoltán Czibor had to go into goal. Despite drawing 3–3 they went out 6–5 on aggregate.

Honvéd World Tour

Elimination from the European Cup left Honvéd in limbo. The players, declining to return to Hungary, summoned their families from Budapest and, despite opposition from FIFA and the now Soviet-controlled Hungarian Football Federation, Béla Guttmann organised a fundraising tour of Italy, Portugal, and Spain. Among the most notable matches were a 5–5 draw with a Madrid XI and a 4–3 win over CF Barcelona. Honvéd declined a Mexican offer of political asylum and an invitation to join their national league and instead accepted an offer to play in a tournament in Brazil with CR Flamengo and Botafogo. By now FIFA had declared the team illegal and banned them from using the Honvéd name. After returning to Europe, the players parted ways. Some, including József Bozsik, László Budai, Gyula Lóránt and Gyula Grosics, returned to Hungary while others, including Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis and Ferenc Puskás, found new clubs in Western Europe. Czibor and Kocsis eventually signed for FC Barcelona while Puskás joined Real Madrid.

The Post-Revolution era

The defection of Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis and Ferenc Puskás severely weakened Honvéd and in 1957 they only avoided relegation after the Hungarian Football Federation decide to expand the first division. Despite the emergence of Lajos Tichy and Lajos Kocsis, the post-Revolution era was not kind to Honvéd. There only successes came in the Mitropa Cup in 1959, when they beat MTK Hungária FC in the final 6–5 on aggregate, and in 1964 when they won the Hungarian Cup.

The Second Golden Age

In 1980 with Lajos Tichy as coach and a squad that included Imre Garaba, Honvéd won their first Hungarian League title in twenty five years. During the 1980s and early 1990s players such as Kálmán Kovács, Lajos Détári, Béla Illés, Gábor Halmai and István Vincze helped Honvéd win another seven titles. They also won league and cup doubles in 1985 and 1989 and won the Hungarian Cup and in 1996.

Kispest Honvéd FC

In 1991 the club revived the Kispest name and became Kispest Honvéd FC. However the name change marked the beginning of a decline in the club’s fortunes. In 2003 they were relegated, but they returned to the first division the following season. However, Kispest Honvéd Sports Circle Ltd, the company that owned the club, owed millions of Hungarian forints in taxes and in October 2004 went into liquidation. The company practised a policy that treated it’s players as self-employed contractors rather than employees and as result, significantly reduced the club’s tax burden. However the tax authorities objected and were supported by the courts, leaving the club in arrears with no means of paying them. Rival directors argued over who owed how much tax and eventually the Hungarian League intervened. As a result a new club, Budapest Honvéd FC, was formed and allowed to take the place of Kispest Honvéd FC in the first division on the condition that the tax debt was paid off.

Honours

Football

Handball

Water Polo

  • European Champions League
    • Runners Up 2002
  • Hungarian Cup: 6
    • 1953, 1954, 1958, 1959, 1979, 1999

Current squad

As of 28 October 2009.
No. Position Player
1 Hungary GK Iván Tóth
2 Hungary DF Géza Fazakas
3 Hungary FW Norbert Palásthy
4 Hungary DF György Cséke
5 Côte d'Ivoire DF Angoua Brou Benjamin
6 Romania DF Sorin Botis
7 Hungary FW Roland Vólent
8 Hungary DF Norbert Hajdú (on loan from Újpest)
9 Slovakia MF Viliam Macko
11 Hungary FW Róbert Zsolnai
13 Hungary FW Ádám Hrepka (on loan from MTK)
14 Hungary DF András Debreceni
15 Hungary MF Attila Fritz
16 Slovakia DF Milan Pastva
17 Senegal MF Dieng Cheikh Abass
18 Côte d'Ivoire FW Guie Gneki Abraham
19 Brazil MF Diego
77 Peru MF Paulo Albarracín
No. Position Player
21 Hungary MF Zoltán Tóth
22 Hungary DF Zoltán Nagy (on loan from Debrecen)
23 Hungary DF Attila Vasas
91 Hungary MF Adrián Horváth
25 Hungary MF Máté Madar
26 Hungary MF Patrik Hidi
27 Brazil FW Moreira
29 Hungary DF Ákos Takács
33 Hungary GK Gábor Németh
34 Hungary MF Richárd Vernes
35 Hungary MF Sergiu Moga
36 Hungary DF Botond Baráth
55 Serbia MF Dragan Vukmir
71 Hungary MF Armand Nagy
90 Hungary GK Roland Kunsági
99 Hungary FW Bálint Bajner (on loan from Liberty Salonta)
24 Hungary FW Tamás Hegedűs (on loan from Juventus F.C.)
5 Hungary FW Balázs Ilyés (on loan from FC Vaduz)

Retired numbers

10Hungary Ferenc Puskás, Deep-lying forward (1939–1956) (Since July 2000)

European cup history

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1964–65 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1. Round Switzerland Lausanne Sports 1–0 0–2 1–2
1965–66 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1. Round Finland Reipas Lahti 6–0 10–2 16–2
2. Round Czechoslovakia Dukla Prague 1–2 3–2 4–4(a)
Quarter-finals England Liverpool FC 0–0 0–2 0–2
1970–71 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1. Round Scotland Aberdeen FC 1–3 3–1 4–4(aet)
2. Round England Manchester City 0–1 0–2 0–3
1996–97 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Qualyfing Round Republic of Macedonia FK Sloga Jugomagnat 1–0 1–0 2–0
1. Round France Nimes Olympique 1–2 1–3 2–5

UEFA Intertoto Cup

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1983 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 5 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Sloboda Tuzla 2–2 0–1
Group 5 Czechoslovakia FK Inter Bratislava 3–1 1–1
Group 5 Austria FC Tirol Innsbruck 3–1 1–2
2002 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1. Round Lithuania FK Žalgiris Vilnius 0–1 0–0 0–1
2008 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1. Round Kazakhstan FC Zhetysu 4–2 2–1 6–3
2. Round Czech Republic FK Teplice 0–2 3–1 3–3(a)
3. Round Austria SK Sturm Graz 1–2 0–0 1–2

UEFA Cup

UEFA Champions League

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1972–73 UEFA Cup 1. Round Scotland Partick Thistle FC 1–0 3–0 4–0
2. Round Bulgaria PFC Beroe Stara Zagora 1–0 0–3 1–3
1973–74 UEFA Cup 1. Round Czechoslovakia FC Košice 5–2 0–1 5–3
2. Round Bulgaria PFC Lokomotiv Plovdiv 3–2 4–3 7–5
3. Round Poland Ruch Chorzów 2–0 0–5 2–5
1975–76 UEFA Cup 1. Round Czechoslovakia FC Bohemians Praha 1–1 2–1 3–2
2. Round East Germany Dynamo Dresden 2–2 0–1 2–3
1976–77 UEFA Cup 1. Round Italy Internazionale FC 1–1 1–0 2–1
2. Round Soviet Union FC Shakhtar Donetsk 2–3 0–3 2–6
1978–79 UEFA Cup 1. Round Turkey Adanaspor 6–0 2–2 8–2
2. Round Romania FC Politehnica Timişoara 4–0 0–2 4–2
3. Round Netherlands Ajax Amsterdam 4–1 0–2 4–3
Quarter-finals West Germany MSV Duisburg 2–3 2–1 4–4(a)
1983–84 UEFA Cup 1. Round Greece Larisa FC 3–0 0–2 3–2(aet)
2. Round Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hajduk Split 3–2 0–3 3–5
1987–88 UEFA Cup 1. Round Belgium KSC Lokeren 1–0 0–0 1–0
2. Round Portugal Desportivo de Chaves 3–1 2–1 5–2
3. Round Greece Panathinaikos 5–2 1–5 6–7
1994–95 UEFA Cup Preliminary Round Moldova Zimbru Chisinau 4–1 1–0 5–1
1. Round Netherlands FC Twente 1–3 4–1 5–4
2. Round Germany Bayer Leverkusen 0–2 0–5 0–7
2004–05 UEFA Cup 1. Qualifying Round Armenia FC MIKA 1–1 1–0 2–1
2. Qualifying Round Poland Amica Wronki 1–0 0–1 1–1(p)
2007–08 UEFA Cup 1. Qualifying Round Moldova FC Nistru Otaci 1–1 1–1 2–2(p5–4)
2. Qualifying Round Germany Hamburger SV 0–0 0–4 0–4
2009–10 UEFA Europa League 3. Qualifying Round Turkey Fenerbahçe SK 1-1 1-5 2-6
Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1956–57 European Cup 1. Round Spain Athletic Bilbao 3–3 2–3 5–6
1980–81 European Cup Preliminary Round Malta Valletta FC 8–0 3–0 11–0
1. Round Portugal Sporting CP 1–0 2–0 3–0
2. Round Spain Real Madrid CF 0–2 0–1 0–3
1984–85 European Cup 1. Round Switzerland Grasshopper FC 2–1 1–3 3–4
1985–86 European Cup 1. Round Republic of Ireland Shamrock Rovers 2–0 3–1 5–1
2. Round Romania FC Steaua Bucureşti 1–0 1–4 2–4
1986–87 European Cup 1. Round Denmark Brøndby IF 2–2 1–4 3–6
1988–89 European Cup 1. Round Scotland Celtic Glasgow 1–0 0–4 1–4
1989–90 European Cup 1. Round Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Vojvodina 1–0 1–2 2–2(a)
2. Round Portugal S.L. Benfica 0–2 0–7 0–9
1991–92 European Cup 1. Round Republic of Ireland Dundalk FC 1–1 2–0 3–1
2. Round Italy UC Sampdoria 2–1 1–3 3–4
1993–94 UEFA Champions League 1. Round England Manchester United 2–3 1–2 3–5

Selected former players

see also Cat:Budapest Honvéd FC footballers

Selected former managers

see also Cat:Budapest Honvéd FC managers

Trivia

The British pop group Half Man Half Biscuit have a song entitled 'I Was A Teenage Armchair Honved Fan'

Sources

  • Behind The Curtain - Travels in Eastern European Football: Jonathan Wilson (2006) [2]
  • 50 Years of the European Cup and Champions League: Keir Radnedge (2005) [3]

External links



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