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Buddhism in Indonesia: Wikis

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Monks praying at Borobudur, the largest Buddhist structure in the world built by Sailendra dynasty.

Buddhism in Indonesia has a long history, with a considerable range of relics from its earlier years in Indonesia.

During the New Order era the five official religions of Indonesia, according to the state ideology of Pancasila included Buddhism. The national leader of the time Suharto, had considered Buddhism and Hinduism as Indonesia's classical religions.

Early Buddhism in Indonesia is noted in the ninth century with Buddhist temples on Java such as Borobudur.

The Buddhist pilgrim I-tsing visited Srivijaya in Sumatra on his voyage to India. Other Buddhist monks that visited Indonesia were Atisa, Dharmapala, a professor of Nalanda, and the South Indian Buddhist Vajrabodhi.

Two important Buddhist Javanese texts are the Sang hyang Kamahaanikan and the Kamahayanan Mantranaya.

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Current practice

Buddhism is mainly followed by the Chinese and some indigenous groups of Indonesia, with 1% (Buddhism only) to 2.3% (including Taoism and Confucianism) of Indonesia's population of Buddhists.[1][2]


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