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Buddy Holly

Buddy Holly in concert
Background information
Birth name Charles Hardin Holley
Born September 7, 1936(1936-09-07)
Lubbock, Texas, U.S.
Died February 3, 1959 (aged 22)
Grant Township, Cerro Gordo County, Iowa, United States
Genres Rock and roll, rockabilly
Occupations Singer-songwriter, musician
Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano, fiddle, violin
Years active 1955–1959
Labels Decca, Brunswick, Coral
Associated acts The Crickets
Notable instruments
Fender Stratocaster

Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known professionally as Buddy Holly, was an American singer-songwriter and a pioneer of rock and roll. Although his success lasted only a year and a half before his death in an airplane crash, Holly is described by critic Bruce Eder as "the single most influential creative force in early rock and roll."[1] His works and innovations inspired and influenced both his contemporaries and later musicians, notably The Beatles, The Beach Boys, The Rolling Stones, Don McLean, and Bob Dylan, and exerted a profound influence on popular music.[2]

Holly was in the first group of inductees to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986.[3] In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked Holly #13 among "The Fifty Greatest Artists of All Time".[4]

Contents

Biography

Early life

Charles Hardin Holley was born in Lubbock, Texas to Lawrence Odell and Ella Pauline (Drake) Holley on Labor Day, 1936. The Holleys were a musical family, and as a boy Holley learned to play piano, guitar, and violin. His singing won him a talent contest at age five.[5] Holly was always called Buddy by his family. In 1949, he made a recording of Hank Snow's "My Two Timin' Woman" on a wire recorder "borrowed" by a friend who worked in a music shop[citation needed], his first known recording.[6]

Also that year, he met Bob Montgomery at Hutchinson Junior High School. They shared an interest in music and teamed up as "Buddy and Bob". Initially influenced by bluegrass music, they sang harmony duets at local clubs and high school talent shows. Hutchinson Junior High School now has a mural honoring him, and Lubbock High School also honors the late musician. Holly sang in the Lubbock High School Choir.[7]

The Crickets

Holly saw Elvis Presley sing in Lubbock in 1955 and began to incorporate a rockabilly style into his music[5], which gradually evolved into rock music. On October 15, he opened on the same bill with Presley[6] in Lubbock, catching the eye of a Nashville talent scout.[8] Holly's transition to rock continued when he opened for Bill Haley & His Comets at a local show organized by Eddie Crandall, the manager for Marty Robbins.[6]

Following this performance, Decca Records signed him to a contract in February 1956, misspelling his name as "Holly".[6] He therefore adopted the misspelled name for his professional career. Holly formed his own band, which would later be called The Crickets. It consisted of Holly (lead guitar and vocalist), Niki Sullivan (guitar), Joe B. Mauldin (bass), and Jerry Allison (drums). By appearance, the tall, gangly Holly resembled the captain of a chess team. From listening to their recordings, one had difficulty determining if the Crickets were white or black singers. Holly indeed sometimes played with black musicians Little Richard and Chuck Berry. The Crickets were only the second white rock group to tour Great Britain, and they inspired the later Beatles, a name somewhat similar to the Crickets. Holly's essential eyeglasses encouraged other musicians, such as John Lennon, also to wear their glasses during performances. Until the Beatles and Keith Richards, Holly had been the only rock musician writing his own material.[9][10]

They went to Nashville for three recording sessions with producer Owen Bradley.[11] However, he chafed under a restrictive atmosphere that allowed him little input.[11] Among the tracks he recorded was an early version of "That'll Be The Day", which took its title from a line that John Wayne's character says repeatedly in the 1956 film, The Searchers.[12] (This initial version of the song played more slowly and about half an octave higher than the later hit version.) Decca chose to release two singles, "Blue Days, Black Nights" and "Modern Don Juan", which failed to make an impression. On January 22, 1957, Decca informed Holly that his contract would not be renewed,[6] insisting however that he could not record the same songs for anyone else for five years.[13]

Norman Petty Recording Studios in Clovis, New Mexico

Holly then hired Norman Petty as manager, and the band began recording at Petty's studios in Clovis, New Mexico. Petty contacted music publishers and labels, and Brunswick Records, a subsidiary of Decca, signed the Crickets on March 19, 1957.[14] Holly signed as a solo artist with another Decca subsidiary, Coral Records. This put him in the unusual position of having two recording contracts at the same time.

On May 27, "That'll Be The Day" was released as a single, credited to the Crickets to try to bypass Decca's claimed legal rights. When the song became a hit, Decca decided not to press its claim. "That'll Be the Day" topped the US "Best Sellers in Stores" chart on September 23 and was the UK Singles Chart for three weeks in November. The Crickets performed "That'll Be the Day" and "Peggy Sue", on The Ed Sullivan Show on December 1.[6] They also sang Peggy Sue on The Arthur Murray Party on December 29 and were given a polite introduction by Kathryn Murray.[15]. The kinescopes of these programs are the only record of their 1957 television appearances.

Holly managed to bridge the racial divide that marked rock n' roll. While Elvis made black music more acceptable to white audiences, Holly won over an all-black audience when the Crickets were booked at New York's Apollo Theater for August 16–22, 1956[6]. Unlike the immediate response shown in the 1978 movie The Buddy Holly Story, it actually took several performances for the audience to warm to him. In August 1957, the Crickets were the only white performers on a national tour.[8]

As Holly was signed as both a solo artist and as part of the Crickets, two debut albums were released: The "Chirping" Crickets on November 27, 1957 and Buddy Holly on February 20, 1958.[16] His singles "Peggy Sue" and "Oh Boy!" reached the top ten on both the United States and United Kingdom charts. Buddy Holly and the Crickets toured Australia in January 1958, and the UK in March.[17] Their third and final album, That'll Be the Day, was put together from early recordings and was released in April.

Marriage

In June 1958, he met Maria Elena Santiago, who was working as a receptionist for Murray Deutch, an executive at Peer-Southern Music, a New York music publisher.[18]

Holly managed to have Santiago invited to a luncheon at Howard Johnson's, thanks to Deutch's secretary, Jo Harper. He asked her to have dinner with him that night at P. J. Clarke's. Holly proposed marriage to her on their very first date. "While we were having dinner, he got up and came back with his hands behind his back. He brought out a red rose and said, "This is for you. Would you marry me?" He went to her guardian's house the next morning to get her approval. Santiago at first thought he was kidding, but they married in Lubbock on August 15, 1958, less than two months later.[18] "I'd never had a boyfriend in my life. I'd never been on a date before. But when I saw Buddy, it was like magic. We had something special: love at first sight," she told the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal on what would have been their 50th wedding anniversary.[19] The newlyweds honeymooned in Acapulco.[18]

Maria Elena traveled on tours, doing everything from the laundry to equipment setup to ensure the group got paid. Although Holly had already begun to become disillusioned with Norman Petty before meeting his bride, it was through Maria Elena and her aunt Provi, who was the head of Latin American music at Peer Southern, that he began to fully realize what was going on with his manager, who was paying the band's royalties into his own company's account.[18]

Holly wrote the song "True Love Ways" about his relationship with his young wife. It was recorded in her presence on October 21, 1958 at Decca's Pythian Temple, with Dick Jacob, Coral-Brunswick's new head of Artists & Repertoire, serving as both producer and conductor of the eighteen-piece orchestra, which included members of the New York Symphony Orchestra, NBC Television's house orchestra and Abraham "Boomie" Richman, formerly of Benny Goodman's band.[18]

It was not until Holly died that many fans became aware of his marriage.[18]

Holly in New York

The ambitious Holly became increasingly interested in the New York music/recording/publishing scene, while his bandmates wanted to go back home to Lubbock. As a result, the group split up in late 1958. The Hollys settled in at Greenwich Village, New York, in the new Brevoort apartment block at 9th Street and Fifth Avenue. It was here that he recorded the series of acoustic songs, including "Crying, Waiting, Hoping" and "What to Do", known as the "Apartment Tapes", which were released after his death.

The Hollys frequented many of New York's music venues, including The Village Gate, Blue Note, Village Vanguard, and Johnny Johnson's. Maria Elena reported that Buddy was keen to learn finger-style flamenco guitar and would often visit her aunt's home to play the piano there. He wanted to develop collaborations between soul singers and rock 'n' roll, hoping to make an album with Ray Charles and gospel legend Mahalia Jackson. He also had ambitions to work in film, like Elvis Presley and Eddie Cochran, and registered for acting classes with Lee Strasburg's Actors' Studio, where the likes of Marlon Brando and James Dean had trained.[18]

However, he was still having trouble getting his royalties from Petty, so he hired the noted lawyer Harold Orenstein at the recommendation of his friends, the Everly Brothers, who had engaged Orenstein following their own disputes with their manager Wesley Rose. Yet, with the money still being withheld by Petty and with rent due, Buddy was forced to go back on the road.[18]

Death

Holly's headstone in the City of Lubbock Cemetery

Holly was offered the Winter Dance Party by the GAC agency, a three-week tour across the Midwest opening on January 23, 1959, with other notable performers such as Dion and the Belmonts, Ritchie Valens, and J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson. He assembled a backing band consisting of Tommy Allsup (guitar), Waylon Jennings (bass) and Carl Bunch (drums) and billed as The Crickets.

The tour turned out to be a miserable ordeal for the performers, who were subjected to long overnight travel in a bus plagued with a faulty heating system in -25°F (-32°C) temperatures. The bus also broke down several times between stops. Following a performance at the Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake, Iowa on February 2, 1959, Holly chartered a small airplane to take him to the next stop on the tour. He, Valens, Richardson, and the pilot were killed en route to Moorhead, Minnesota, when their plane crashed soon after taking off from nearby Mason City in the early morning hours of February 3. Don McLean referred to it as "The Day the Music Died" in his song "American Pie".

Holly's funeral was held on February 7, 1959, at the Tabernacle Baptist Church in Lubbock.[20] The service was officiated by Ben D. Johnson, who had presided at the Hollys' wedding just months earlier. The pallbearers were Jerry Allison, Joe B. Mauldin, Niki Sullivan, Bob Montgomery, Sonny Curtis and Phil Everly. Waylon Jennings was unable to attend due to his commitment to the still touring Winter Dance Party. The body was interred in the City of Lubbock Cemetery in the eastern part of the city. Holly's headstone carries the correct spelling of his surname (Holley) and a carving of his Fender Stratocaster guitar.

Holly's pregnant wife became a widow after barely six months of marriage and miscarried soon after. María Elena Holly did not attend the funeral and has never visited the grave site. She later told the Avalanche-Journal:

In a way, I blame myself. I was not feeling well when he left. I was two weeks pregnant, and I wanted Buddy to stay with me, but he had scheduled that tour. It was the only time I wasn't with him. And I blame myself because I know that, if only I had gone along, Buddy never would have gotten into that airplane.[19]

Style

Holly's music was sophisticated for its day, including the use of instruments considered novel for rock and roll, such as the celesta (heard on "Everyday"). Holly was an influential lead and rhythm guitarist, notably on songs such as "Peggy Sue" and "Not Fade Away". While Holly could pump out boy-loves-girl songs with the best of his contemporaries, other songs featured more sophisticated lyrics and more complex harmonies and melodies than had previously appeared in the genre.

Many of his songs feature a unique vocal "hiccup" technique, a glottal stop, to emphasize certain words in any given song, especially the rockers. Other singers (such as Elvis) have used a similar technique, though less obviously and consistently. Examples of this can be found at the start of the raucous "Rave On!": "Weh-eh-ell, the little things you say and do, make me want to be with you-ou..."; in "That'll Be the Day": "Well, you give me all your lovin' and your -turtle dovin'..."; and in "Peggy Sue": "I love you Peggy Sue - with a love so rare and tr-ue ...".

Influence

Buddy Holly statue on the Lubbock Walk of Fame

Holly set the template for the standard rock and roll band: two guitars, bass, and drums.[3] He was also one of the first in the genre to write, produce, and perform his own songs.

Contrary to popular belief, teenagers John Lennon and Paul McCartney did not attend a Holly concert, although they watched his television appearance on Sunday Night at the London Palladium; Tony Bramwell, a school friend of McCartney and George Harrison, did. Bramwell met Holly, and freely shared his records with all three. Lennon and McCartney later cited Holly as a primary influence.[21] (Their band's name, The Beatles, was chosen partly in homage to Holly's Crickets.) The Beatles did a cover version of "Words of Love" that was a close reproduction of Holly's version, released on 1964's Beatles for Sale. During the January 1969 sessions for the Let It Be album, the Beatles played a slow impromptu version of "Mailman, Bring Me No More Blues" — although not written by Holly, it was popularized by him — with Lennon mimicking Holly's vocal style; the recording was eventually released in the mid-1990s on Anthology 3. Paul McCartney's band Wings recorded their version of "Love is Strange" on their first album Wild Life. In addition, John Lennon recorded a cover version of "Peggy Sue" on his 1975 album Rock 'n' Roll. McCartney owns the publishing rights to Holly's song catalogue.[22]

A 17-year-old Bob Dylan attended the January 31, 1959, show, two nights before Holly's death. Dylan referred to this in his 1998 Grammy acceptance speech for his Time out of Mind being named Album of the Year:

And I just want to say that when I was sixteen or seventeen years old, I went to see Buddy Holly play at Duluth National Guard Armory and I was three feet away from him...and he LOOKED at me. And I just have some sort of feeling that he was — I don't know how or why — but I know he was with us all the time we were making this record in some kind of way.[23]
The Holly mural on 19th Street in Lubbock

Keith Richards attended one of Holly's performances, where he heard "Not Fade Away" for the first time. The Rolling Stones had an early hit covering the song.

In an August 24, 1978 Rolling Stone interview, Bruce Springsteen told Dave Marsh, "I play Buddy Holly every night before I go on; that keeps me honest."

Various rock and roll histories have asserted that the singing group The Hollies were named in homage to Buddy Holly. According to the band's website, although the group admired Holly (and years later produced an album covering some of his songs), their name was inspired primarily by the sprigs of holly in evidence around Christmas of 1962.[24]

Though his international career lasted barely two years, Holly's influence spanned decades into the future. He influenced many other singers during and after his own short career. Keith Richards once said that Holly had "an influence on everybody."[10]

The Grateful Dead performed "Not Fade Away" 530 times over the course of their career, making their seventh most performed song. The song also appears on eight of their official live recording releases.

Discography

Buddy Holly released only three albums in his lifetime. Nonetheless, he recorded so prolifically that Coral Records was able to release brand-new albums and singles for 10 years after his death, although the technical quality was very mixed, some being studio quality and others home recordings. Holly's simple demonstration recordings were overdubbed by studio musicians to bring them up to then-commercial standards. The best of these overdubbed records is often considered to be the first posthumous single, the 1959 coupling of "Peggy Sue Got Married" and "Crying, Waiting, Hoping", produced by Jack Hansen, with added backing vocals by the Ray Charles Singers in simulation of an authentic Crickets record.[citation needed] "Crying, Waiting, Hoping" was actually supposed to be the "A" side of the 45, with the backup group effectively echoing Buddy's call-and-response vocal. The Hansen session, in which Holly's last six original compositions were overdubbed, was issued on the 1960 Coral LP The Buddy Holly Story, Vol. 2. But the best "posthumous" records were the studio recordings, which included "Wishing" and "Reminiscing".

Buddy Holly continued to be promoted and sold as an "active" artist, and his records had a loyal following, especially in Europe. The demand for unissued Holly material was so great that Norman Petty resorted to overdubbing whatever he could find: alternate takes of studio recordings, originally rejected masters, "Crying, Waiting, Hoping" and the other five 1959 tracks (adding new surf-guitar arrangements), and even Holly's amateur demos from 1954 (where the low-fidelity vocals are often muffled behind the new orchestrations). The last new Buddy Holly album was Giant (featuring the single "Love Is Strange"), issued in 1969. Between the 1959–60 Jack Hansen overdubs, the 1960s Norman Petty overdubs, various alternate takes, and Holly's undubbed originals, collectors can often choose from multiple versions of the same song.

The Picks' overdubs

In February 1984, MCA mastering engineer Steve Hoffman sent what are known as safety copies of several Buddy Holly master recordings to John Pickering of The Picks[25] who took them to Sound Masters studios in Houston, Texas. There, the reunited group overdubbed their new vocal parts onto at least 60 recordings, and sent them back to Hoffman at MCA. The general consensus seems to be that, under Hoffman's influence, MCA would have issued these "new" recordings as an album[25], perhaps to commemorate the 25th year since Holly's passing. This however, was not to be.

Not long afterwards, Hoffman was fired by MCA, for, among other things, stealing master tapes of Holly material and attempting to sell them to parties such as the Norman Petty estate. A short time later, a raid produced the stolen tapes, which were returned to MCA. With these plans having fallen through, Pickering decided to take matters into his own hands and release them himself.

These recordings slowly made their way to the public on privately pressed albums like The Original Chirping Sound and Buddy Holly Not Fade Away. In 1992, Pickering approached Viceroy Records to arrange a deal for major nationwide distribution of these overdubbed recordings, who hit a brick wall when MCA made it clear that Pickering did not have proper legal clearance to release such recordings[25]. Andy McKaie, an MCA executive, has stated that Pickering has never bothered to ask for licensing on the songs. To this day, budget labels release these recordings despite the fact that they are, depending on how one looks at it, bootlegs or pirates.

In popular culture

The Buddy Holly Center, a small museum located in Lubbock

Film and musical depictions

Holly's life story inspired a Hollywood biographical film, The Buddy Holly Story. Star Gary Busey received a nomination for Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of Holly. The movie was widely criticized by the rock community and Holly's friends and family for its inaccuracies. This led Paul McCartney to produce and host his own tribute to Holly in 1985, titled The Real Buddy Holly Story. This video includes interviews with Keith Richards, Phil and Don Everly, Sonny Curtis, Jerry Allison, Holly's family, and McCartney himself, among others.

In 1987, Marshall Crenshaw portrayed Buddy Holly in the movie La Bamba. He is featured performing at the Surf Ballroom and boarding the doomed airplane with Ritchie Valens and The Big Bopper. Crenshaw's version of "Crying, Waiting, Hoping" is featured on the La Bamba original motion picture soundtrack. Steve Buscemi played a Buddy Holly imitator/waiter in Pulp Fiction (1994). Currently in preproduction (scheduled for 2010) is a film version of Bradley Denton's 1991 sci-fi novel Buddy Holly Is Alive and Well on Ganymede, starring Jon Heder of Napoleon Dynamite fame—not as Buddy (that role is still open) but as the protagonist Oliver Vale.

There were also successful Broadway and West End musicals documenting his career. Buddy - The Buddy Holly Story ran in the West End for 13 years. This was followed by a tour and return to the West End on August 3, 2007.

Buddy appeared briefly in an episode of the BBC's 'Young Ones' when he crashed through the ceiling of the flat and played his guitar while suspended upside down in his tangled parachute strings.

Actor Frankie Muniz makes a cameo appearance as Buddy Holly in the 2007 film Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story.

In the fourth episode of the first season of the popular TV Series Quantum Leap, Sam Beckett interacts with a young Buddy Holly (played by Scott Fults), eventually inspiring him to create his hit Peggy Sue.

Songs

  • Don McLean's popular 1971 ballad American Pie is inspired by Holly and the day of the plane crash.
  • The American Pie album is dedicated to Holly.
  • Weezer wrote a song titled Buddy Holly.
  • Alvin Stardust wrote a song called I Feel Like Buddy Holly.
  • Swedish band Gyllene Tider (pre-Roxette) recorded the song Ska vi älska, så ska vi älska till Buddy Holly ("If We'll Make Love We'll Make Love to Buddy Holly") in 1979.
  • German band Die Ärzte recorded the song Buddy Holly's Brille ("Buddy Holly's Glasses") on the album Im Schatten der Ärzte in 1985.
  • Buddy is featured on the 7" label.
  • Nirvana's music video for the song In Bloom pays tribute to Buddy with frontman Kurt Cobain parodying his style and expression.
  • In the Red Hot Chili Peppers' music video for Dani California, the band takes on several sub genres of Rock, Buddy is one of the first to be represented.
  • The Buddy Holly statue in Lubbock, TX is referred to in the Dixie Chicks song Lubbock or Leave It (Taking the Long Way, 2006) with the lyrics:

    International airport... as I'm getting out I laugh to myself 'cause this is the only place, where as you're getting on the plane you see Buddy Holly's face. I hear they hate me now just like they hated you, maybe when I'm dead and gone I'm gonna get a statue too.

Novels

Buddy has appeared as a fictional character in several novels. Bradley Denton's Buddy Holly is Alive and Well on Ganymede, won the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel in 1992.[26]. He was referred to as a character in P.F. Kluge's Eddie and the Cruisers (1980) and showed up in an alternate time stream in 'The Second Coming of Buddy Holley' chapter in Edward Bryant's 1988 Wild Cards Volume V: Down and Dirty--an original Bantam Books paperback. The plane crash appeared in The Day the Music Died (Carroll & Graf, 1999), the first of Ed Gorman's rock 'n' roll mystery novels. In Terry Pratchett's Soul Music, the pioneer of what is easily recognized as rock and roll is a musician from Llamedos named Imp y Celyn, or Buddy Holly.

Acceptance in Lubbock

Holly did not gain widespread acceptance in Lubbock until after his death. The historian Richard Driver of Texas Tech University notes that he did not enjoy his success or national popularity in Lubbock, despite being rooted in Lubbock as his career took off between 1956-1958. Holly moved to New York City after marrying María Elena Holly in August 1958 and ending his career with the Crickets that fall. In Lubbock, recognition of musicians or their popularity was rare, even as numerous musicians and performers emerged from the city and surrounding region at the same time as Holly and in successive years. Nevertheless, Driver argues that Holly's connection with Lubbock garnered the city international recognition as his hometown, especially with the musicians of the British Invasion. Later acts such as The Clash also sought to visit his hometown just to view where he went to high school.[9]

Monuments

Fan monument in a private cornfield at the site of the airplane crash, near Clear Lake, Iowa

Downtown Lubbock has a "walk of fame" with plaques to various area artists such as Glenna Goodacre, Mac Davis, Maines Brothers Band, and Waylon Jennings, with a life-size statue of Buddy Holly by sculptor Grant Speed (1980) playing his Fender guitar as its centerpiece. Downtown Lubbock also features Buddy Holly Avenue and the Buddy Holly Center, which is a museum dedicated to Texas art and music.

In 1988, Ken Paquette, a Wisconsin fan of the 1950s, erected a stainless steel monument at the site of the airplane crash, depicting a steel guitar and a set of three records bearing the names of each of the three performers. It is located on private farmland approximately five miles north of Clear Lake. He also created a similar stainless steel monument to the three musicians at the Riverside Ballroom in Green Bay. That memorial was unveiled on July 17, 2003.[27]

Buddy Holly's previous home in Lubbock is still standing. It is a private residence and not open for tours.

References

  1. ^ Eder, Bruce. "Buddy Holly". Allmusic.com. http://allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:fifpxqe5ldae~T1. Retrieved January 9, 2007. 
  2. ^ NPR article: "Buddy Holly: 50 Years After The Music Died".
  3. ^ a b "Buddy Holly". rockhall.com. http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/buddy-holly. Retrieved February 12; 2009. 
  4. ^ "The Immortals: The First Fifty". Rolling Stone (Issue 946; Apr. 15, 2004). http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5939214/the_immortals_the_first_fifty. Retrieved February 4, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b History of Rock & Roll. By Thomas E. Larson. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa. Copyright 2004. Page 43
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Buddy Holly Timeline: 1936 to 1956". Buddy Holly Center, City of Lubbock. http://www.buddyhollycenter.org/gallery/1936to56.aspx. Retrieved February 11, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Lubbock High School". Hutchinson Junior High. http://www.lubbockschools.com/data/lmhutchinson.shtml. 
  8. ^ a b "Buddy Holly: Musical Influence ('Timeline: Follow the Story Through the Years', section)". Des Moines Register. http://data.desmoinesregister.com/holly/influence.php. Retrieved February 4, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b Richard Driver, "Down the Line: Buddy Holly and the Legacy of West Texas in the British Invasion" (paper presented at the 87th annual meeting of the West Texas Historical Association, Fort Worth, Texas, February 26, 2010).
  10. ^ a b Dave Riser, "The Music Never Died: How Buddy Holly Changed Music Forever" (paper presented at the 87th annual meeting of the West Texas Historical Association, Fort Worth, Texas, February 27, 2010).
  11. ^ a b "Oh boy: Why Buddy Holly still matters today". The Independent. January 23, 2009. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/oh-boy-why-buddy-holly-still-matters-today-1501271.html. Retrieved February 16, 2009. 
  12. ^ "That'll Be the Day". Rollingstone. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/6595884/thatll_be_the_day. 
  13. ^ Holly recorded his February 28, 1957 phone call with Decca, and the recording has survived: Buddy Holly On Line One.
  14. ^ "Buddy Holly Timeline: 1957". Buddy Holly Center, City of Lubbock. http://www.buddyhollycenter.org/gallery/1957.aspx. Retrieved February 16, 2009. 
  15. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQiIMuOKIzY
  16. ^ All Music Guide to Country, Vladimir Bogdanov, Chris Woodstra, Stephen Thomas Erlewine, Backbeat Books, 2003, ISBN 0879307609 p 353.
  17. ^ "The Buddy Holly Story". Rick Thorne. http://www.buddythemusical.com/true-love-ways.htm. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h Norman, Philip (1996) Buddy Holly: The Definitive Biography of Buddy Holly, Macmillan: London
  19. ^ a b William Kerns (August 15, 2008). "Buddy and Maria Elena Holly married 50 years ago". Lubbock Online. http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/081508/loc_318846994.shtml. 
  20. ^ Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, Morning Edition, February 7, 1959, Section 1, Page 3
  21. ^ "John Lennon on Buddy Holly". everything2.com. http://everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=979603. 
  22. ^ "Sir Paul's fortune boosted". BBC. April 25, 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/showbiz/2974853.stm. Retrieved January 2, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Bob Dylan 980225 at the Grammy Awards". The Starlight, Starbright Tour. http://expectingrain.com/dok/set/98/02/980225a.html. 
  24. ^ "Beginnings". The Hollies official site. http://www.hollies.co.uk/goldmineintro.html. 
  25. ^ a b c "A Bone To Pick". Houston Press. http://www.houstonpress.com/1996-12-19/music/bone-to-pick/. 
  26. ^ "The John W. Campbell Memorial Award". The J. Wayne and Elsie M. Gunn Center for the Study of Science Fiction, University of Kansas. http://www2.ku.edu/~sfcenter/campbell.htm. Retrieved March 27, 2009. 
  27. ^ The Day the Music Died - Music Articles

Further reading

  • Amburn, Ellis (1996). Buddy Holly: A Biography. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312145576.
  • Bustard, Anne (2005). Buddy: The Story of Buddy Holly. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1422393024.
  • Dawson, Jim; Leigh, Spencer (1996). Memories of Buddy Holly. Big Nickel Publications. ISBN 978-0936433202.
  • Goldrosen, John; Beecher, John (1996). Remembering Buddy: The Definitive Biography. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80715-7.
  • Goldrosen, John (1975). Buddy Holly: His Life and Music. Popular Press. ISBN 0859470180
  • Gribbin, John (2009). Not Fade Away: The Life and Music of Buddy Holly. London: Icon Books. ISBN 978-1848310346
  • Dave Laing, Professor. Buddy Holly (Icons of Pop Music). Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-22168-4.
  • Lehmer, Larry (1997). The Day the Music Died: The Last Tour of Buddy Holly, the Big Bopper, and Ritchie Valens. Schirmer Trade Books. ISBN 0028647416 or 978-0028647418.
  • Mann, Alan (1996). The A-Z of Buddy Holly. Aurum Press (2nd edition). ISBN 1854104330 or 978-1854104335.
  • McFadden, Hugh (2005). Elegy for Charles Hardin Holley, in Elegies & Epiphanies. Belfast: Lagan Press.
  • Norman, Philip (1996). Rave On: The Biography of Buddy Holly. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0684800829 or 978-0684800820.
  • Peer, Elizabeth and Ralph II (1972). Buddy Holly: A Biography in Words, Photographs and Music Australia: Peer International. ASIN B000W24DZO.
  • Peters, Richard (1990). The Legend That Is Buddy Holly. Barnes & Noble Books. ISBN 0285630059 or 978-0285630055.
  • Rabin, Stanton (2009). OH BOY! The Life and Music of Rock 'n' Roll Pioneer Buddy Holly. Van Winkle Publishing (Kindle). ASIN B0010QBLLG.
  • Tobler, John (1979). The Buddy Holly Story. Beaufort Books.

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Charles Hardin Holley (7 September 19363 February 1959), better known as Buddy Holly, was an American singer, songwriter, and a pioneer of rock and roll.

Contents

Sourced

The "Chirping" Crickets (1957)

  • All of my love — all of my kissin’
    You don’t know what you’ve been a-missin’
    Oh boy - when you’re with me — oh boy
    The world will see that you were meant for me

Buddy Holly (1958)

  • Hold me close and tell me how you feel
    Tell me love is real
  • Words of love you whisper soft and true
    Darling I love you
    • Words Of Love

Unsourced

  • Alive is very often referred to as a good career move.
  • If anyone asks you what kind of music you play, tell him 'pop.' Don't tell him 'rock'n'roll' or they won't even let you in the hotel.
  • This is one night that can never be repeated again, ... You'll never see all these people, all these stars on the same stage. This is phenomenal.
  • Without Elvis none of us could have made it.

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Simple English

Buddy Holly
Birth name Charles Hardin Holley
Born September 7 1936
Lubbock, Texas USA
Died February 3 1959 (aged 22)
Genres Rock and roll, country
Occupations Singer-songwriter, musician
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Years active 1956 – 1959
Labels Decca
Associated acts The Crickets
Website BuddyHolly.com
Notable instruments
Fender Stratocaster

Charles Hardin Holley or Buddy Holly (September 7,1936 - February 3, 1959) was an American rock and roll singer, songwriter, and musician. He was from Lubbock, Texas. Buddy Holly is thought to be an important person in the history of Rock and Roll music and rockabilly music. Holly played several different types of instruments.

Buddy Holly died February 3 1959 when an airplane he was on crashed into a field near Mason City, Iowa. Also killed in the crash were Richie Valens and J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson.

Singer Don McLean's popular 1971 song "American Pie" made February 3 famous as "The Day the Music Died."

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