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Budweiser Clydesdales, in harness

The Budweiser Clydesdales are a group of Clydesdale horses used for promotions and commercials by the Anheuser-Busch Brewing Company. There are six "hitches" or teams of horses, five that travel around the United States and one that remains in their official home at the company headquarters at the Anheuser-Busch brewery complex in St. Louis, Missouri, where they are housed in a historic brick and stained-glass stable built in 1885. There are eight horses driven at one time, but ten horses are on each team to provide alternates for the hitch when needed. Assorted Clydesdales are also used as animal actors in television commercials for Budweiser beer, particularly in Super Bowl ads.

Contents

Location

A Clydesdale grazing at Busch Gardens in Williamsburg, Virginia

Many of the Clydesdales owned by Anheuser-Busch are raised at Grant's Farm near St. Louis, Missouri. The Budweiser Clydesdale Stables at Grant's Farm house approximately 35 mares, stallions and foals, with an average of 15 foals produced each year. Anheuser-Busch owns a total of about 250 Clydesdales, kept at various locations throughout the United States, one of the largest herds of Clydesdale horses in the world.[1] The second breeding farm is located near Romoland, California, about 60 miles southeast of Los Angeles.[2] Another 15 to 20 foals are born each year at the California farm. Additional Clydesdales are kept at a facility near Fort Collins, Colorado.[3] The company also buys high-quality Clydesdales from other sources on occasion.[4] Additional Clydesdales owned by Anheuser-Busch can be seen by the public at many of the Anheuser-Busch theme parks, including Busch Gardens in Williamsburg, Virginia and Tampa, Florida, and at SeaWorld theme parks in Orlando, Florida, San Diego, California, and San Antonio, Texas.[3]

Origins

The historic stables in St. Louis

The Budweiser Clydesdales were first introduced to the public on April 7, 1933, to celebrate the repeal of Prohibition.[3] August A. Busch, Jr. presented the hitch as a gift to his father, August Anheuser Busch, Sr., who was guided outside the brewery by the ruse of being told his son had purchased him a new car, but instead was greeted by the horses, pulling a red, white and gold beer wagon.[5] The hitch proceeded to carry the first case of post-Prohibition beer from the St. Louis brewery in a special journey down Pestalozzi Street in St. Louis.[3]

Recognizing the advertising and promotional potential of a horse-drawn beer wagon, Busch, Sr. had the team sent by rail to New York City, where it picked up two cases of Budweiser beer at New Jersey's Newark Airport, and presented it to Al Smith, former governor of New York and an instrumental force in the repeal of Prohibition. From there, the Clydesdales continued on a tour of New England and the Mid-Atlantic States, a journey that included the delivery of a case of beer to President Franklin D. Roosevelt at the White House.[5]

Qualifications

The full hitch

To qualify for one of the hitches, a Budweiser Clydesdale must be a gelding with an even temperament and strong, draft horse appearance,[1] be at least four years old, stand least 18 hands (72 inches, or 6 feet) at the withers when fully mature, and weigh between 1,800 and 2,300 pounds. In addition, each horse must be bay in color (a reddish-brown coat with a black mane and tail), have four white stocking feet, and a blaze of white on the face.[3]

Traveling hitches

A Clydesdale by one of the semi-trailers used to transport the team

During the initial years on the road, the Clydesdales were transported by train. Cross-country truck transport was introduced in 1940.[5] Today, the traveling hitches are on the road at least 10 months every year. They are based out of St. Louis, Missouri, Menifee, California, San Diego, California, Merrimack, New Hampshire and San Antonio, Texas. There are eight horses on each team, but ten horses travel to provide alternates for the hitch as needed.[3] Several professional handlers accompany each team. Often, one handler has night duty to provide round-the-clock care for the horses. Transportation for each hitch requires three 50-foot semis. Two carry the horses, the third transports a red, white and gold beer wagon and other equipment.[5] The horses' comfort is enhanced with air-cushion suspension and thick rubber flooring, and cameras in the trailers enable the drivers to watch the horses during transport. The team stops each night at local stables.[3]

Two obedience-trained Dalmatian dogs also travel with each hitch, a Budweiser tradition since the 1950s. Historically, the role of the dogs was to guard the wagon and protect the team while the driver went inside buildings to make deliveries.[5] When the team performs today, the Dalmatians sit on wagon, seated next to the driver.[3] The wagons are Studebaker wagons modified to carry beer, originally manufactured circa 1900.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Grant's Farm: Clydesdale Stables" Web page accessed June 18, 2008
  2. ^ "Clydesdales: History and Distribution" Busch Gardens web site, accessed June 18, 2008
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Clydesdales: Frequently Asked Questions" Busch Gardens web site, accessed June 18, 2008
  4. ^ Buxengard, Jan Lee. "Locally grown horse turns pro; joins Anheuser Busch family" Bluff County Newspaper Group, February 6, 2007. Web page accessed June 18, 2008
  5. ^ a b c d e "Clydesdale Facts;Budweiser Clydesdales; Elegance on Peachtree Street" Atlanta St. Patcrick's Parade, web site accessed June 18, 2008
  6. ^ "Clydesdales: The Anueuser-Busch Clydesdale Teams" Busch Gardens web site, accessed June 18, 2008

External links

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