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Building in Seoul
In architecture, construction, engineering and real estate development the word building may refer to one of the following:
  1. Any man-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy, or
  2. An act of construction (i.e. the activity of building, see also builder)
In this article, the first usage is generally intended unless otherwise specified.
.Buildings come in a wide amount of shapes and functions, and have been adapted throughout history for a wide number of factors, from building materials available, to weather conditions, to land prices, ground conditions, specific uses and aesthetic reasons.^ Specifications or Specs - A narrative list of materials, methods, model numbers, colors, allowances, and other details which supplement the information contained in the blue prints.

^ Available for free Building Benchmark Models Developed by DOE with three of its' national labs, these benchmark models are complete descriptions of buildings for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Building paper - A general term for papers, felts, and similar sheet materials used in buildings without reference to their properties or uses.

.Buildings serve several needs of society – primarily as shelter from weather and as general living space, to provide privacy, to store belongings and to comfortably live and work.^ Providing meaningful work for inmates and, in some cases, additional space to alleviate overcrowding in nearby corrections facilities.
  • US Army Federal Civilian Inmate Labor Program 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.rense.com [Source type: Academic]

^ U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) The U.S. Green Building Council is the nation’s foremost coalition of leaders from across the building industry working to promote buildings that are environmentally responsible, profitable and healthy places to live and work.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Zone - The section of a building that is served by one heating or cooling loop because it has noticeably distinct heating or cooling needs.

.A building as a shelter represents a physical division of the human habitat (a place of comfort and safety) and the outside (a place that at times may be harsh and harmful).^ This was the place where I grew to love the arc of a baseball in flight -- that perfect shape which sums up the laws of physics and represents so many truths of nature.
  • Metropolitan Stadium: Patchwork Glory (By Rick Prescott) 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC oldmetstadium.com [Source type: General]

Ever since the first cave paintings, buildings have also become objects or canvasess of artistic expression. .In recent years, interest in sustainable planning and building practices has also become part of the design process of many new buildings.^ Sustainable Building Sourcebook This site offers useful information and resources on sustainable building services, practices, products, and techniques.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ American Institute of Architects High Performance Building Position Statement Issued in 2005, this statement details the steps and goals for sustainable architectural practice.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ The renowned sustainability advisor and author of "Cradle to Cradle" plans to stop public speaking for a year while he works on his research.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Definitions

  • The act of constructing, erecting, or establishing.
  • The art of constructing edifices, or the practice of civil architecture.
  • That which is built; a fabric or edifice constructed, as a house, a church, castle, arena/ stadium, etc
  • The act of constructing or building something; "during the construction we had to take a detour"; "his hobby was the building of boats"
  • The commercial activity involved in constructing buildings; "their main business is home construction"; "workers in the building trades"
  • A structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place; "there was a three-story building on the corner"; "it was an imposing edifice"
  • The occupants of a building; "the entire building complained about the noise"
.To differentiate buildings in the usage of this article from other buildings and other structures that are not intended for continuous human occupancy, the latter are called nonbuilding structures or simply structures.^ Ken Sinclair of Automated Buildings magazine called to get my report from the conference, and he published this article: .
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ I got a call the other day from a good contractor who was asked to put up a competitors building.

^ Tim hijiki, would you care to share your data on emissions from Gehry buildings and other structures?
  • The New Brooklyn - Gothamist 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Structural height in technical usage is the height to the highest architectural detail on building from street-level.^ American Institute of Architects High Performance Building Position Statement Issued in 2005, this statement details the steps and goals for sustainable architectural practice.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Available only at the highest levels of athletics for the last 5 years, the Athletic Muscle Building system is now available to the general public for the first time.

.Depending on how they are classified, spires and masts may or may not be included in this height.^ And most importantly, their status depends on how well they do against opponents, not on whether they can push the other down.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

.Spires and masts used as antennas are not generally included.^ Note that the Commission’s rule only applies to antennas and masts installed wholly within the antenna user’s exclusive use area.
  • Fcc Satellite Dish Network DirecTV Home Theater Cable 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.fccsatellite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The definition of a low-rise vs. a high-rise building is a matter of debate, but generally three stories or less is considered low-rise.[citation needed]

History

.The first shelter on Earth constructed by a relatively close ancestor to humans is believed to be built 500,000 years ago by an early ancestor of humans, Homo erectus.^ Artificial satellites are human-built objects orbiting the Earth and other planets in the Solar System .

^ Ten years ago, 11,600 seats were added with the installation of the east upper deck, bringing the capacity to nearly 92,000.
  • Tiger Stadium (92,400) - LSUsports.net - The Official Web Site of LSU Tigers Athletics 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.lsusports.net [Source type: General]

^ Three years ago, Michelle Bynum believed she was a healthy 31-year-old with no risk of breast cancer.

[1]

Types

Residential

.Residential buildings are called houses/homes, though buildings containing large numbers of separate dwelling units are often called apartment buildings / blocks to differentiate them from the more 'individual' house.^ The famines and pestilence, which scourged these countries during the Middle Ages called into existence a considerable number of institutions, in particular the leper-houses.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GreenSpec(r) High Performance Buildings Case Studies This is a database that provides case studies of projects ranging from homes and commercial interiors to large buildings and even whole campuses and neighborhoods.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ When you compare our products and services, you will see why we are the NUMBER ONE steel building company in the United States - period.

.Building types may range from one-room wood-framed, masonry, or adobe dwellings to multi-million dollar high-rise buildings able to house thousands of people.^ It would be great if we could all have this kind of expertise surrounding us, but most of us don't have the multi-million dollar salaries to afford this type of attention.

^ Pitch - The incline slope of a roof or the ratio of the total rise to the total width of a house, i.e., a 6-foot rise and 24-foot width is a one-fourth pitch roof.

^ Construction, frame - A type of construction in which the structural components are wood or depend upon a wood frame for support.

.Increasing settlement density in buildings (and closer distances between buildings) is usually a response to high ground prices resulting from many people wanting to live close to work or similar attractors.^ Girls were asked to design and build s'mores out of the usual materials - graham crackers, chocolate, marshmallows - and the resulting objects were tested and judged.

^ To become more popular, you need to be constantly doing things that bring you close to other popular people, and nothing brings people closer than a common enemy.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once you are able to see how it works, you may want to analyze many of the events unfolding around you in terms of this principle.

Multi-storey

A multi-storey building is a building that has multiple floors above ground in the building.
.Multi-storey buildings aim to increase the area of the building without increasing the area of the land the building is built on, hence saving land and, in most cases, money (depending on material used and land prices in the area).^ Interior finish - Material used to cover the interior framed areas of walls and ceilings Irrigation - Lawn sprinkler system.

^ In two years, the labor camp built a multi-storied office building, a reception building and a huge boiler building.
  • forced labor camp production 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.upholdjustice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know a good one could be built, and there just isn't the money to build a new stadium for every team right now.

Creation

.The practice of designing, constructing, and operating buildings is most usually a collective effort of different groups of professionals and trades.^ Girls were asked to design and build s'mores out of the usual materials - graham crackers, chocolate, marshmallows - and the resulting objects were tested and judged.

^ We have a knowledgeable staff of steel building design professionals, foundation design specialists, engineers, detailers, erectors and fabrication experts waiting to serve you.

^ Usually used to describe the drawing of a structure which is prepared by an architect or designer for the purpose of design and planning, estimating, securing permits and actual construction.

Depending on the size, complexity, and purpose of a particular building project, the project team may include:
.Regardless of their size or intended use, all buildings in the US must comply with zoning ordinances, building codes and other regulations such as fire codes, life safety codes and related standards.^ The framer builds the home according to the blueprints and must comply with local building codes and regulations.

^ By tracking that data, building managers can make adjustments to save energy, such as turning off equipment that's not in use.
  • Green Data Center Blog: Building 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.greenm3.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The use of civilian inmate labor under these exceptions must still comply with the requirements of this regulation.
  • US Army Federal Civilian Inmate Labor Program 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.rense.com [Source type: Academic]

Vehicles—such as trailers, caravans, ships and passenger aircraft—are treated as "buildings" for life safety purposes.

Ownership and funding

Planning and design

Building services

Physical plant

.Any building requires a certain amount of internal infrastructure to function, which includes such elements like heating / cooling, power and telecommunications, water and wastewater etc.^ The analysis must include all the costs of providing all utility needs, such as water supply, wastewater treatment, stormwater, solid waste management, electricity, and central steam or hot water.
  • US Army Federal Civilian Inmate Labor Program 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.rense.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Heating load - The amount of heating required to keep a building at a specified temperature during the winter, usually 65° F, regardless of outside temperature.

^ Weatherization - Work on a building exterior in order to reduce energy consumption for heating or cooling.

.Especially in commercial buildings (such as offices or factories), these can be extremely intricate systems taking up large amounts of space (sometimes located in separate areas or double floors / false ceilings) and constitute a big part of the regular maintenance required.^ At the least, spending more money on MIRVs and such would presumably be diverted from other things, such as building up a navy to capture Taiwan.
  • Missile Defense - Winds of Change.NET 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.windsofchange.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was especially the case during the epidemics that raged in different parts of the Roman Empire, such as that at Carthage in 252 (St.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parting stop or strip - A small wood piece used in the side and head jambs of double hung windows to separate the upper sash from the lower sash.

Conveying systems

Systems for transport of people within buildings:
Systems for transport of people between interconnected buildings:

Building damage

A building in Massueville, Quebec, Canada engulfed by fire.
.Buildings may be damaged during the construction of the building or during maintenance.^ Building codes-   Community ordinances governing the manner in which a home may be constructed or modified.

^ Section 3(a) mandates that the heads of each agency implement within the agency sustainable practices for high performance construction, lease, operation, and maintenance of buildings.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ See Window Bucks Builder's Risk Insurance - Insurance coverage on a construction project during construction, including extended coverage that may be added for the contract for the customer's protections.

.There are several other reasons behind building damage like accident.^ Could there be other reasons?

^ Several other announcements were interspersed with presentations from organizations that partner or collaborate with USGBC to reduce the risk of climate change through green building.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ The producer, a sustainable-building consultant, hopes to package the lessons from more projects like this in a format that lets others gain confidence in green building.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

[2] Buildings also may suffer from fire damage in special circumstances.[3]

See also

References


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.BUILDING. 3 The art of building comprises the practice of civil architecture, or the mechanical operations necessary to carry the designs of the architect into effect.^ Despite the grand design and expensive materials, the architect wrote at the time of the building's opening that he wanted the building "to be regarded as a cathedral dedicated to the furtherance of thrift and prosperity."

^ Friedensreich Hundertwasser, the famous Austrian architect and painter, is widely renowned for his revolutionary, colourful architectural designs which incorporate irregular, organic forms, e.g.
  • 50 Strange Buildings of the World | Village Of Joy 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC villageofjoy.com [Source type: General]

^ For realtime coverage of current architecture, please visit ArchitectureWeek , our weekly magazine of design and building.
  • Great Buildings Online - Master Buildings List 2009.0825 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: Academic]

.It is not of building infrequently called "practical architecture," but the to archi- adoption of this form would lead only to confusion, by tectural; a man may be a competent builder without being an architect, but no one can be an accomplished architect unless he be competent to specify and direct all the operations of building.^ May also be called "architectural shingles".

^ When operation AFAP is accomplished we can all rest.

^ No part of this content or the data or information included therein may be reproduced, republished or redistributed without the prior written consent of AllBusiness.com.
  • Colleges and universities | Business solutions from AllBusiness.com - Page 4 20 September 2009 4:19 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: News]

.An architect should have a scientific knowledge of the various soils he may meet with, such as clay, earth, silt, rock, gravel, chalk, &c., so that when the trial holes are dug out on the site, he can see the nature of the soil, and at once know what kind of a foundation to put to the building, and the depth to which he must go to get a good bottom.^ You should also check out the NASA Visible Earth site.

^ The site also has good links out to other Earth image sites.

^ U.S. Buildings meets all windloads throughout the country, no matter how stringent the code requirements may be in your area.
  • Steel Buildings &Steel Metal Building Systems - U.S. Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.us-buildings-direct.com [Source type: General]

.He should also have a good knowledge of chemistry, so that he may understand the effects of the various acids, gases, &c., that are contained in the materials he uses, and the objections to their presence.^ Rate/APR and terms may vary based on the creditworthiness of the individual and the extent to which the loan differs from the one used for Bankrate.com quotes.
  • CD (Certificate of Deposit) Rates – Top 25 Highest CD Rates 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC cdrates.bankaholic.com [Source type: General]

^ There is no question anymore about the positive effect of using non-toxic materials to reduce or eliminate indoor air pollution.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ Job seekers looking for good pay with excellent benefits should pursue the postal service job market and use this book's resources to begin their personal job search.
  • Post Office Jobs: Exams, Occupations, Jobs, and Study Guide for the 473 Postal Exam. 12 September 2009 11:29 UTC federaljobs.net [Source type: News]

.He must be acquainted with the principles of timbering in trenches, and excavations, shoring, brickwork, fireproof construction, stonework, carpentry and joinery, smiths' work, plumbing, heating, ventilation, bells, electric and gas lighting, water-supply, drainage, plastering, tiling to internal walls or pavings and roofs, slating of roofs, glazing, painting and decoration.^ In 1970, renovation of the stadium included re-sodding of the playing field and overhaul of the drainage, roofing and steam heating systems.
  • Roosevelt Stadium 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.njcu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Backout - Work the framing contractor does after the mechanical subcontractors (Heating-Plumbing-Electrical) finish their phase of work at the Rough (before insulation) stage to get the home ready for a municipal frame inspection.

^ Trap - A plumbing fitting that holds water to prevent air, gas, and vermin from backing up into a fixture.

.He should be able to calculate the various strengths and strains to be placed on any portion of the structure, and have a general knowledge of the building trade, enabling him to deal with any difficulty or defects that may arise.^ Today it is generally recognized as a unique blending of art and architecture, a structure that celebrated the universality of knowledge and symbolizes American turn-of-the- century optimism.
  • Jefferson's Legacy: A Brief History of the Library of Congress -- THEBUILDINGS 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The School’s philosophy of education teaches children to build on core knowledge, increasing the depth and strength of that knowledge as they mature.
  • Princeton Online Back to School Guide - Listings of local schools, educational programs and services, recreational activities, informative articles, business listings, open houses, kids party ideas, helpful links, and more! :: 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.princetonol.com [Source type: General]

^ NOTE: When a building is “topped out” (the point of construction when the structure has met its proposed structural top), the building is officially ranked and is placed on the list.
  • World's Tallest Buildings — Infoplease.com 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: News]

.An important feature in the qualification of the architect is that he should be thoroughly conversant with the by-laws of the different towns or districts, as to the requirements for the various classes of buildings, and the special features of portions of the different buildings.^ Marna's class also is reading "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" and thoroughly enjoying this story from a very different time and place in America.

^ Based on conversations with people who should know who builds what in the USA, and not a scientific survey here is what I can gather are the top 5 data center construction companies in order.
  • Green Data Center Blog: Building 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.greenm3.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The plans for the proposed buildings around the Brooklyn Nets arena have been revealed by architect Frank Gehry, and they show a dazzling group of skyscrapers at various angles.
  • The New Brooklyn - Gothamist 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The following are examples of the various buildings which he may have to design, and the erection of which he may have to superintend: - dwelling-houses, domestic buildings, shops, dwellings for the working class, public buildings such as churches, schools, hospitals, libraries and hotels, factories of all kinds for all general trades, studios, electric power stations, cold storage buildings, stables and slaughterhouses.^ For example, a power subsystem generates, stores, and distributes a satellite's electric power.
  • NASA - Artificial Satellites 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Classes vary on all levels.
  • http://www.schoolmatters.com/schools.aspx/q/page=fnd 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.schoolmatters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As such it is "required by law to collect and house at least one copy of every document published in Botswana including Government publications."
  • African Universities on the Internet 20 September 2009 4:19 UTC library.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

.With regard to factories, places for the storage or making of different patent foods, and for slaughter of beasts intended for human consumption, stringent by-laws are in most countries laid down and enforced by the public health authorities.^ Alcohol policies: It is the policy of both the New York Mets and Aramark to conduct its operation in compliance with all applicable laws regarding the sale and service of alcoholic beverages and in a manner intended to promote responsible consumption.
  • Citi Field Seating Chart, Pictures, Directions, and History - ESPN 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC espn.go.com [Source type: General]

^ Building codes are mandated by law, governing new construction in most areas of the country.

^ Polling a handful of students and relatives, for example, does not make a person an authority on how the public views missile defense.

.In England, the Public Health Acts and By-laws are carried out by the various borough or district authorities, who appoint inspectors especially to study the health of the public with regard to sanitary arrangements.^ Our 60,000 subscribers are high-ranking civilian and military officials who are responsible for defending the nation and carrying out the many laws that define the government's role in our economy and society.
  • Federal Government Jobs Resources and Job Links 12 September 2009 11:29 UTC federaljobs.net [Source type: News]

^ They were especially recommended to pray for their benefactors, for the authorities, and for all who might be in distress.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parents Right-to-Know for Outdoor Use of Pesticides Law (Public Act 91-0099) .
  • Safer Pest Control Project - Schools IPM 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.spcpweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The inspectors have special powers to deal with all improper or defective food, or with any defects in buildings that may affect its cleanly preparation.^ U.S. Buildings meets all windloads throughout the country, no matter how stringent the code requirements may be in your area.
  • Steel Buildings &Steel Metal Building Systems - U.S. Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.us-buildings-direct.com [Source type: General]

^ The people who built the building came in cars, wore manufactured clothing, and ate food likely bought from a grocery store – all inherently not green .
  • First LEED Platinum Carbon Neutral Building! | Inhabitat 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.inhabitat.com [Source type: General]

^ There may be family ticket packages for all sports teams — baseball, basketball, soccer and softball — and for theatre, music and special guest events.
  • UCF Stadium - FAQs 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC stadium.ucf.edu [Source type: General]

.In addition to meeting the requirements of the clients, the various buildings have to be constructed and planned on clearly defined lines, according to the rules of the various authorities that control their erection; thus the construction and planning of public schools are type of governed in England by the board of education, and churches are governed by the various societies that assist in financing the erection of these edifices; of these the Incorporated Church Building Society exercises the strongest control.^ August 11 governing board meeting » .

^ January 26 — Educational Board of Education meeting, 7 p.m.

^ As such it is "required by law to collect and house at least one copy of every document published in Botswana including Government publications."
  • African Universities on the Internet 20 September 2009 4:19 UTC library.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Factories both in England and France must be planned and erected to meet the separate acts that deal with these buildings.^ As of the effective date permit applicants must submit a CD-Rom containing the plans and documentation (in PDF format), required for a building permit for projects defined as ATeam.
  • Building & Neighborhood Compliance 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.miamidade.gov [Source type: General]

^ The analysis must also describe the planned method of reimbursing the Army for these costs and how a transfer of funds from the corrections facility to the Army will be effected.
  • US Army Federal Civilian Inmate Labor Program 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.rense.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Check the planned building site to make sure there is enough space to physically perform the tasks required to erect the steel building.

.The fire insurance companies lay down certain requirements according to the size of the building, and the special trade for which it is erected, and fix their rate of premium accordingly.^ Usually required to erect the building.

^ In 1961, he founded AMVEST Corp., an international company specializing in coal mining, natural gas production, trading and finance.
  • TheSabre.com - Virginia Football - Scott Stadium Information 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.thesabre.com [Source type: General]

^ Check the planned building site to make sure there is enough space to physically perform the tasks required to erect the steel building.

.Dwelling-houses in London must be erected in accordance with the many building acts which govern the materials to be used, and the methods by which they shall be employed, the thickness of walls, rates of inclination of roofs, means of escape from fire, drainage, space at rear, &c.^ This example is often repeated in residential and commercial dwellings as well as institutions such as schools, hospitals and government buildings.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ The phrase was first used by Herzog & de Meuron, though the pair still believes "there should be many ways of perceiving a building."
  • Beijing National Stadium, Beijing, China - Archiplanet 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Residents of Hooverville have found there are many things that will keep out the weather besides standard building materials.
  • Migrant Labor Camp Photographs from the Harry Everett Drobish Papers, 1935-1936 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

&c.; these laws especially forbid the use of timber framed buildings. .In sundry districts in England where the model by-laws are not in force, notably at Letchworth, Herts, it is possible to erect buildings with sound materials untrammelled by by-laws.^ Now I know you're probably thinking that building an athletic body sounds great, but it may not seem possible.

^ UNLOADING YOUR STEEL BUILDING Unloading, checking and storing the materials are important parts of erecting your steel building.

.With regard to premises used in a combined way, as shop and dwelling-house, if in London, and the building exceeds io squares, or 1000 sq.^ The phrase was first used by Herzog & de Meuron, though the pair still believes "there should be many ways of perceiving a building."
  • Beijing National Stadium, Beijing, China - Archiplanet 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One, buildings built with square or rectangular tubing are significantly stronger that those using round tubing.
  • Steel Buildings, Prefabricated, Pre engineered by VersaTube Steel Buildings 12 October 2009 10:28 UTC www.versatube.com [Source type: General]

^ Anyone who’s ever built their own house using local materials and manual labor, and heated it with any non-fossil fuel*, has built a greener building than this.
  • First LEED Platinum Carbon Neutral Building! | Inhabitat 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.inhabitat.com [Source type: General]

ft. super in area, the stairs and a large portion of the building must be built of fire-resisting materials. .In the erection of London flats under certain conditions the stairs and corridors rendering it difficult to make the distinction generally understood between architecture (q.v.^ Camaraderie - comradeship; friendship Canopy - a covering Capitulate - to surrender under certain conditions; to give in Carnivore - a flesh-eating animal Carrion - dead, rotting flesh .

^ The federal government in the USA and most states have a statute that permits tort claims against the government, under certain conditions.
  • Injuries in School/College Laboratories in USA 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rbs2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ XM and Sirius have many similarities, such as programming and hardware options, making it difficult for consumers to decide between the two.

) as a fine or liberal art, and architecture as a mechanical art. The execution of works of architecture necessarily includes building, but building is frequently employed when the result is not archi 1 Teutonic Mythology (1883-1884), (trans. Stalleybrass).
2 Baring-Gould on "Foundations," Murray's Mag. (1887).
3 The verb "to build" (O.E.byldan) is apparently connected with O.E. bold, a dwelling, of Scandinavian origin; cf. Danish bol, a farm, Icelandic bol, farm, abode. Skeat traces it eventually to Sanskrit bhu, to be, build meaning "to construct a place in which to be or dwell." must be of fire-resisting materials, while in parts of New York timber buildings are allowed; for illustrations of these see the article Carpentry. .In public buildings and theatres in London, Paris and New York not only the construction, but also the exits and seating accommodation and stage, including the scenery dock and flies, must conform to certain regulations.^ The framer builds the home according to the blueprints and must comply with local building codes and regulations.

^ Our House Building Ezine covers a wide variety of topics- all related to new home construction and house building.
  • House & home building cost guide, New residential construction tips 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.house-n-home-building.com [Source type: General]

^ Riverside Wyman House - Manhattan, NY In one of New York's most historic landmark districts, you will find the finest accommodations...

.The conditions necessary for planning a successful building may be summarized as follows: - (i) Ease of access; (2) Good light; (3) Good service; (4) Pleasing environment and approaches; (5) Minimum cost with true economy; in the case of office buildings, also ease of rearrange ment to suit tenants.^ The quality of service may be affected by things such as the atmosphere, environment and surrounds, including where there is a narrow view of the sky due to things such as thick canopy cover, being in a narrow gorge or between dense tall buildings.
  • Telstra Mobile Satellite 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.telstra.com.au [Source type: General]

^ A variety of service plans are offered suitable for Home User to Commercial Business, with corresponding maximum download and upload bits rates, shared using a fair access policy based on a threshold number of Mbytes which may be downloaded at high speed, followed by a recovery period at a lower download bit rate.
  • Satellite Internet for US and Americas: Regional service providers of two-way broadband. 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.satsig.net [Source type: News]

^ It offers students a unique combination of high academic standards, employment success and a prime location in beautiful surroundings, yet with ease of access to London.
  • University of Surrey 9 January 2010 10:30 UTC www.surrey.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

.An architect should also be building. practically acquainted with all the modes of operation in all the trades or arts employed in building, and be able minutely to estimate beforehand the absolute cost involved in the execution of a proposed structure.^ What it does is provide an improved structure that should make executing those responsibilities easier.
  • Organizing for Success: Theater Missile Defense in Korea 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American Institute of Architects High Performance Building Position Statement Issued in 2005, this statement details the steps and goals for sustainable architectural practice.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Please address all AO-51 e-mail inquiries to the Operations Committee via the ao51-modes list .
  • AMSAT - The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.amsat.org [Source type: General]
  • AMSAT - The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.amsat.org [Source type: General]

.The power to do this necessarily involves that of measuring work (usually done by the quantity surveyor at an advanced stage of the work), and of ascertaining the quantities to be done.^ Mortgage Origination Fee - A charge for work involved in preparing and servicing a mortgage application (usually one percent of the loan amount).

.In ordinary practice the architect usually cubes a building at a price per foot cube, as will be described hereafter, but an architect should know how to measure and prepare quantities, or he cannot be said to be master of his profession.^ American Institute of Architects High Performance Building Position Statement Issued in 2005, this statement details the steps and goals for sustainable architectural practice.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Usually used to describe the drawing of a structure which is prepared by an architect or designer for the purpose of design and planning, estimating, securing permits and actual construction.

^ Data centers consume more energy per square foot than any other part of an office building.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

.Building includes what is called construction, which is the branch of the science of architecture relating to the practical execution of the works required to produce any struc ture; it will therefore be necessary to explain the Y P subject in a general manner before entering upon building in detail.^ These may sometimes relate to repairs or other building work carried out on specific buildings, or to goods supplied for fitting them out.
  • Guide to the records of buildings - The National Archives of Scotland 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.nas.gov.uk [Source type: Reference]

^ Sustainable Buildings Implementation Plan Guidance All agencies subject to Executive Order 13423 are required to annually submit on August 15 a plan that outlines how the agency will ensure that (1) all new facilities and renovation projects implement design, construction, and maintenance and operation practices in support of the sustainable design/high-performance buildings goals of the E.O. and statutory requirements and (2) existing facilities' maintenance and operation practices in support of the goals of the E.O. This document provides guidance on the development of the Sustainable Building Implementation Plan.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Center for Resourceful Building Technology e-GUIDE CRBT is dedicated to promoting environmentally responsible practices in construction.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

.Although the styles of architecture have varied at different periods, buildings, wherever similar materials are employed, must be constructed on much the same principles.^ Time and materials contract - A construction contract which specifies a price for different elements of the work such as cost per hour of labor, overhead, profit, etc.

^ Athletic Muscle Building is different because it uses the latest scientific principles as the basis for the program.

^ Please Note: You must have the approvals from the other departments before you submit your application to the building department and you must submit all required documents at the same time.
  • Building 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.parkco.us [Source type: General]

.Scientific knowledge of the natures and properties of materials has, however, given to the modern workman immense advantages over his medieval brother-craftsman, and caused many changes in the details of the trade, or art of building, although stones, bricks, mortar, &c., then as now, formed the element of the more solid parts of all edifices.^ The massive scale, questionable urban design, huge public subsidy, use of eminent domain, and displacement of existing residents and business -- all these are more cause for concern than the architectural style(s) of the buildings themselves.
  • The New Brooklyn - Gothamist 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All those stupid rules they threw at us five weeks ago are now a part of me.
  • The Barracks by Richard Seltzer 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.samizdat.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Today, the building's decorative style, which contains element of "Art Deco" inspired by the Exposition des Arts Dècoratifs held in Paris in 1925, is widely admired.
  • Jefferson's Legacy: A Brief History of the Library of Congress -- THEBUILDINGS 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The object of constructions is to adapt, combine and fit materials in such a manner that they shall retain in use the forms and dispositions assigned to them.^ I would love to see every building LEED certified, if only so they measure their carbon footprint and think about what damage they are doing to the environment when they needlessly use such opulent and excessive materials.
  • First LEED Platinum Carbon Neutral Building! | Inhabitat 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.inhabitat.com [Source type: General]

^ Especially great for creating car & truck racks to carry canoe / kayaks, construction materials, ladders and more on gutterless trucks and cars when used in combination with Yakima hitch mount DryDock or Yakima Outdoorsman 300 pickup truckbed rack 1/2 set.
  • Yakima Kayak & Canoe Racks - 2009 Yakima DryDock Kayak & Canoe Racks for 2 inch Hitch Receivers (2589) 17 September 2009 4:28 UTC www.orsracksdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ If contributed, inmate services are combined with materials or services paid for with Federally appropriated funds; the use of civilian inmate labor must also comply with the provisions of EO 11755.
  • US Army Federal Civilian Inmate Labor Program 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.rense.com [Source type: Academic]

.If an upright wall be properly constructed upon a sufficient foundation, the combined mass will retain its position and bear pressure acting in the direction of gravity to any extent that the ground on which it stands, and the compound materials of the wall, can sustain.^ Dampproofing - The black, tar like waterproofing material applied to the exterior of a foundation wall.

^ Future features will include multi-story structures, mezzanine design (integrated and free standing), multi-building combinations (up to 10 combined structures) and foundation analysis and design.

^ Construction drywall - A type of construction in which the interior wall finish is applied in a dry condition, generally in the form of sheet materials or wood paneling as contrasted to plaster.

.But pressure acting laterally has a necessary tendency to overthrow a wall, and therefore it will be the aim of the constructor to compel, as far as possible, all forces that can act upon an upright wall, to act in the direction of gravity, or else to give it permanent means of resistance in the direction opposite to that in which a disturbing force may act.^ In 1875, he reported to Congress that the Library had exhausted all shelf space and that "books are now, from sheer force of necessity, being piled on the floor in all directions."
  • Jefferson's Legacy: A Brief History of the Library of Congress -- THEBUILDINGS 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We were all confronted with direct and simple rules and orders: you obey or disobey; you cross the line or you don't; you are forced to act -- to submit or rebel -- in full knowledge of the immediate consequences.
  • The Barracks by Richard Seltzer 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.samizdat.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The warhead follows an arch-like flight path and is acted upon mainly by gravity.

.Thus when an arch is built to bear against an upright wall, a buttress or other counterfort is applied in a direction opposed to the pressure of the arch.^ Xie and other vicious policemen kicked her head and face, pulled her hair, slammed her head against the wall, and shocked her.
  • Sex Torture.qxd 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC falunhr.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Government October 27, 2008 at 4:25 pm One other thing, are not direct threats against another’s life online illegal.

.In like manner the inclined roof of a building spanning from wall to wall tends to thrust out the walls, and hence a tie is applied to hold the opposite sides of the roof together at its base, where alone a tie can be fully efficient, and thus the roof is made to act upon the walls wholly in the direction of gravity; or where an efficient tie is inapplicable, as in the case of a hammer beam roof, buttresses or counterforts are added to the walls, to enable them to resist the pressure outwards.^ Hip roof - A roof that rises by inclined planes from all four sides of a building.

^ Siding - The finished exterior covering of the outside walls of a frame building.

^ Teenage kids, even rebels, don't like to be alone, so when kids opt out of the system, they tend to do it as a group.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

.A beam laid horizontally from wall to wall, as a girder to carry a floor and its load, may sag or bend downwards, and tend thereby to force out the walls, or the beam itself may break.^ Load bearing wall - Includes all exterior walls and any interior wall that is aligned above a support beam or girder.

^ Joist - Wooden 2 X 8's, 10's, or 12's that run parallel to one another and support a floor or ceiling, and supported in turn by larger beams, girders, or bearing walls.

^ The execution area was located in the southwest corner of the camp and was used for carrying out the sentences by lining the prisoners against the wall and shooting them.
  • http://frank.mtsu.edu/~baustin/holocamp.html 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC frank.mtsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both these contingencies are obviated by trussing, which renders the beam stiff enough to place its load on the walls in the direction of gravity, and strong enough to carry it safely.^ Ceiling joist - One of a series of parallel framing members used to support ceiling loads and supported in turn by larger beams, girders or bearing walls.

^ It is used for long spans as basement beams or over wide wall openings, such as a double garage door, when wall and roof loads bear down on the opening.

^ Load bearing wall - Includes all exterior walls and any interior wall that is aligned above a support beam or girder.

Or if the beam be rigid in its nature, or uncertain in its structure, or both (as cast-iron is), and will break without bending, the constructor by the smiths' art will supply a check and ensure it against the possible contingency.
.Perfect stability, however, is not to be obtained with materials which are subject to influences beyond the control of man, and all matter is subject to certain influences of that nature.^ And it happens because these schools have no real purpose beyond keeping the kids all in one place for a certain number of hours each day.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The setup was artificial, but it resembled a scientific experiment -- take away all class distinctions; and, in a limited, controlled environment, examine human nature.
  • The Barracks by Richard Seltzer 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.samizdat.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I know that no matter how hard you try, or how much you invest there will be things beyond our control.

.The influences mostly to be contended against are heat and humidity, the former of which produces movement of some kind or to some extent in all bodies, the latter, in many kinds of matter; whilst the two acting together contribute to the disintegration or decay of materials available for the purposes of construction.^ A great deal of emphasis has been placed on the term VOC (volatile organic compound) to the extent that many have begun to believe that all VOC's are "bad" and should be eliminated.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ Yakima LoadStops (set of 4) 8005000 - Heavy-Duty All-Purpose Load Stops for Car & Truck Racks The Yakima 5000 Load Stops are an all-purpose, economical solution for safely transporting a canoe, lumber, construction materials, ladders & more on Yakima car racks and truck racks.
  • Yakima Kayak & Canoe Racks - 2009 Yakima DryDock Kayak & Canoe Racks for 2 inch Hitch Receivers (2589) 17 September 2009 4:28 UTC www.orsracksdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ TWO offers technical expertise and diversity to help shape the FAA of tomorrow and to build a supportive community for all people to contribute to the effectiveness of the FAA mission .
  • Federal Government Jobs Resources and Job Links 12 September 2009 11:29 UTC federaljobs.net [Source type: News]

These pervading influences the constructor seeks to counteract, by proper selection and disposition of his materials.
.Stone and brick, the principal materials in general construction, keep their places in combination by means of gravity.^ Construction drywall - A type of construction in which the interior wall finish is applied in a dry condition, generally in the form of sheet materials or wood paneling as contrasted to plaster.

^ Masonry - Stone, brick, concrete, hollow-tile, concrete block, or other similar building units or materials.

.They may be merely packed together, but in general they are compacted by means of mortar or cement, so that although the main constituent materials are wholly incompressible, masses of either, or of both, combined in structures are compressible, until the setting medium has indurated to a like condition of hardness.^ Generators may be used so long as they do not damage University property; if a generator is placed on a grassy area it must rest on a board or other hard material to protect the grass and soil beneath.
  • SoonerSports.com - Official Site of the Oklahoma Sooners 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.soonersports.com [Source type: General]

^ In a large enough pool, even the smallest minorities can achieve a critical mass if they clump together.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While each contained some expertise in theater missile defense, individually they lacked both a combined and a joint in-theater perspective.
  • Organizing for Success: Theater Missile Defense in Korea 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.That kind of stone is best fitted for the purposes of general construction which is least absorbent of moisture, and at the same time free to work.^ At best it was practice for real work we might do far in the future, so far that we didn't even know at the time what we were practicing for.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, if you want to subscribe to a cable TV and have fast internet access at the same time, then the cable modem will suit you best.
  • Satellite Internet Blog 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC blog.getdsltoo.com [Source type: General]

^ To make the test useful, the test may be constructed so that parts of the system not being actively tested at that time don't have to be working.
  • Missile Defense - Winds of Change.NET 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.windsofchange.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Absorbent stone exposed to the weather rapidly disintegrates, and for the most part non-absorbent stone is so hard that it cannot always be used with a due regard to economy.^ Are they doing it to tackle the causes of rising weather-related losses, or are they using climate change as a way to raise their rates and dump their most risky customers?
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ Most building products that are natural and non-toxic will be good for the indoor and outdoor environment (even though they cannot be tolerated by some due to sensitivities).
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ SSAT and ISSE Most private schools use standardized tests as part of their admissions process.

When, therefore, suitable stone of both qualities can be obtained, the harder stone can be exposed to the weather, or to the action which the sof ter stone cannot resist, and made to form the main body of the structure of the latter so protected. .The hard and the soft should be made to bear alike, and should therefore be coursed and bonded together by the mason's art, whether the work be of stone wrought into blocks and gauged to thickness, or of rough dressed or otherwise unshaped rubble compacted with mortar.^ Charlemagne , therefore, along with his other reforms, made wise provision for the care of the sick by decreeing that those hospitals which had been well conducted and had fallen into decay should be restored in accordance with the needs of the time (Capit.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore, food should be directed to the satellite once as long as everything works well.

^ The Stadium for Cornwall Group would like to thank all you 6000 for signing the petition and all your hard work into raising the stadium awareness.

.Good bricks are less absorbent of moisture than any stone of the same degree of hardness, and are better non-conductors of heat than stone.^ Anyone who’s ever built their own house using local materials and manual labor, and heated it with any non-fossil fuel*, has built a greener building than this.
  • First LEED Platinum Carbon Neutral Building! | Inhabitat 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.inhabitat.com [Source type: General]

^ Our reaction times are always same-day, and resolution times are less than 4 days on average.

^ As with other incarnations of defense against air threats, the metaphor that hitting the eggs in the nest is better than throwing stones at flying birds remains relevant.
  • Attack Operations: First Layer of an Integrated Missile Defense 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: Reference]

.As the basis of a stable structure, brickwork is more to be relied upon than stone in the form of rubble, when the constituents bear the relation to one another last above referred to, the setting material being the same in both; because the brick by its shaped form seats itself truly, and produces by bonding a more perfectly combined mass, whilst the imperfectly shaped and variously sized stone as dressed rubble can neither bed nor bond truly, the inequalities of the form having to be compensated for with mortar, and the irregularity of size of the main constituent accounted for by the introduction of larger and smaller stones.^ There is more truly interesting and incredible work being produced than ever before.
  • DavidByrne.com - Art - Playing the Building 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.davidbyrne.com [Source type: General]

^ Meaning no disrespect to local clubs that have a long and proud history, the reality is that grounds are nothing more than a field with a shed of seats on the side and with no major re-structuring having taken place for many years, our playing fields are hardly of the ‘level’ variety.

^ The people I have had the opportunity to work with have truly given me much more than I have contributed.
  • AMSAT - The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.amsat.org [Source type: General]
  • AMSAT - The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.amsat.org [Source type: General]

.The most perfect stability is to be obtained, nevertheless, from truly wrought and accurately seated and bonded blocks of stone, mortar being used to no greater extent than may be necessary to exclude wind and water and prevent the disintegrating action of these agents upon even the most durable stone.^ Normally 11 gauge or Schedule 40 metal, and determined by the structural engineer Mortar - A mixture of cement (or lime) with sand and water used in masonry work.

^ No one employed in the hospital was allowed to go out unaccompanied, to spend the night, or take any refreshment other than water outside the hospital.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To make the test useful, the test may be constructed so that parts of the system not being actively tested at that time don't have to be working.
  • Missile Defense - Winds of Change.NET 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.windsofchange.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When water alone is to be dealt with, and especially when it is liable to act with force, mortar is necessary for securing to every block in the structure its own full weight, and the aid of every other collateral and superimposed stone, in order to resist the loosening effect which water in powerful action is bound to produce.^ With the aid of Dr. John Watson, his trusted ally, the renowned "consulting detective" is unequaled in his pursuit of criminals of every stripe, whether relying on his singular powers of observation, his remarkable deductive skills, or the blunt force of his fists.

^ Also a secondary roofing layer that is waterproof or water-resistant, installed on the roof deck and beneath shingles or other roof-finishing layer.

^ Nonbearing wall - A wall supporting no load other than its own weight.

.In the application of construction to any particular object, the nature of the object will naturally affect the character of the constructions and the materials of which they are to be formed.^ Construction drywall - A type of construction in which the interior wall finish is applied in a dry condition, generally in the form of sheet materials or wood paneling as contrasted to plaster.

.Every piece of construction should of be complete in itself, and independent as such of everything beyond it.^ Every stage of construction is covered in full detail, beginning with the building of the hull and concluding with propulsion, ballasting, and sailing the completed model.

^ Congress should insist on periodic and independent technical audits, such as by the National Academy of Sciences.
  • Missile Defense: Farce and Fraud 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.abolishnukes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such bonds are rarely used in residential construction, they are an insurance policy which guarantees proper completion of a project.

.A door or a gate serves its purpose by an application wholly foreign to itself, but it is a good and effective, or a bad and ineffective, piece of construction, independently of the posts to which it may be hung, whilst the wheel of a wheelbarrow, comprising felloes, spokes and axletree, is a piece of construction complete in itself, and independent as such of everything beyond it.^ Such bonds are rarely used in residential construction, they are an insurance policy which guarantees proper completion of a project.

^ Permits or prior approval necessary to serve a legitimate safety or historic preservation purpose may be permissible.
  • Fcc Satellite Dish Network DirecTV Home Theater Cable 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.fccsatellite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An arch of masonry, however large it may be, is not necessarily a piece of construction complete in itself, for it would fall to pieces without abutments.^ However, because of the costs involved and the proximity of the gas chambers in Auschwitz, the construction was probably deemed uneconomic and was never completed.
  • Plaszow – Krakow Forced Labour Camp http://www.HolocaustResearchProject.org 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.holocaustresearchproject.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus a bridge consisting of a series of arches, however extensive, may be but one piece of construction, no arch being complete in itself without the collateral arches in the series to serve as its abutments, and the whole series being dependent thereby upon the ultimate abutments of the bridge, without which the structure would not stand.^ No one knows yet what the final system would look like; how well it would perform in combat; or how much it would cost over the long run.
  • Missile Defense: Farce and Fraud 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.abolishnukes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Construction, frame - A type of construction in which the structural components are wood or depend upon a wood frame for support.

^ World's Tallest Buildings Ranked Buildings in shaded boxes are not completed or are no longer standing.

.This illustration is not intended to apply to the older bridges with widely distended masses, which render each pier sufficient to abut the arches springing from it, but tend, in providing for a way over the river, to choke up the way by the river itself, or to compel the river either to throw down the structure or else to destroy its own banks.^ So much that I wouldn’t consider a site complete until it worked exactly the way that was intended in IE6 and up.
  • From PSD to HTML, Building a Set of Website Designs Step by Step - Nettuts+ 12 October 2009 10:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the left, the carriage road winds past another great bridge---Hemlock---then down a steep section of the road and back past the trailhead you took on the way up.
  • Bar Harbor: Favorite Hikes - TripAdvisor 23 September 2009 10:34 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

^ Given the resource-constrained environment the CJTMOC concept may be a way to provide critical war-fighting capabilities without adding force structure.
  • Organizing for Success: Theater Missile Defense in Korea 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some soils are liable to change in form, expanding and contracting under meteorological influences; such are clays which swell when wetted and shrink when dried.^ Special attention is paid to such factors as the influence of prewar political unrest and financial problems in Japan, the Naval Limitation Treaties, and changing design concepts.

.Concrete footing is, that the wall obtains thereby a bearing to walls. g Y g upon a breadth of ground so much greater than its own width or thickness above the footing as to compensate for the difference between the power of resisting pressure of the wall, and of the ground or ultimate foundation upon which the wall is to rest.^ There is a big difference between this CONCRETE BUILDING and a steel frame tower.
  • You Did It Wrong: Building Demolition Fail - Geekologie 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.geekologie.com [Source type: General]

^ Mudsill - Bottom horizontal member of an exterior wall frame which rests on top a foundation, sometimes called sill plate.

^ I live much closer to my ideals of my zendik years out on my own than I ever could in the environment that was created there.

.It will be clear from this that if a building is to be erected upon rock as hard as the main constituent of the walls theoretically no expanded footings will be necessary; if upon chalk, upon strong or upon weak gravel, upon sand or upon clay, the footing must be expanded with reference to the power of resistance of the structure to be used as a foundation; whilst in or upon made ground or other loose and badly combined or imperfectly resisting soil, a solid platform bearing evenly over the ground, and wide enough not to sink into it, becomes necessary under the constructed footing.^ Normally 11 gauge or Schedule 40 metal, and determined by the structural engineer Mortar - A mixture of cement (or lime) with sand and water used in masonry work.

^ Ledger (for a Structural Floor) - The wooden perimeter frame lumber member that bolts onto the face of a foundation wall and supports the wood structural floor.

^ Cantilevered void - Foundation void material used in unusually expansive soils conditions.

For this purpose the easiest, the most familiar, and for most purposes the most effectual and durable is a layer of concrete.
.The English government, when it has legislated upon building matters, has generally confined itself to making provision that the enclosing walls of buildings should be formed of incombustible materials.^ Building paper - A general term for papers, felts, and similar sheet materials used in buildings without reference to their properties or uses.

^ Millwork - Generally all building materials made of finished wood and manufactured in millwork plants.

^ "The form of the hospital was generally similar to that of the church; the nave formed the common room, the beds were placed in the transepts , and the whole was screened off from the eastern end of the building, where was the chapel .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In provisions regarding the least thicknesses of such walls, these were generally determined with reference to the height and length of the building.^ Normally these flue pipes are double walled, galvanized sheet metal pipe and sometimes referred to as a "B Vent".

^ Building paper - A general term for papers, felts, and similar sheet materials used in buildings without reference to their properties or uses.

^ The final determinant in ranking a building’s height is the footage—not meters—because of footage’s smaller (and therefore more precise) incremental value.
  • World's Tallest Buildings — Infoplease.com 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: News]

.In the general and usual practice of developing land at the present day, the owner or freeholder of the land first consults an architect and states his intentions of building, the size of what he requires, what it is to be used for, if for trade how many hands he intends to employ, and the sub-buildings and departments, &c., that will be wanted.^ The daughter of Robin Bell, Lake landed her first role opposite Jeff Goldblum on War Stories, as well as ER, The Practice and Miss Match.
  • Childrens' Hospital: Watch Full Episodes on TheWB.com 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.thewb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heating load - The amount of heating required to keep a building at a specified temperature during the winter, usually 65° F, regardless of outside temperature.

^ Teachers give homework for many good reasons: to practice and review class lessons, to get students ready for the next lessons, to teach them how to work on their own and to teach them to use dictionaries, encyclopedias, libraries and the Internet.
  • Home Page | Flagler County Public Schools 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.flagler.k12.fl.us [Source type: General]

.The architect gathers as much information as he can as to his client's requirements, and from this information prepares his sketches.^ They may gather information to fulfill AR 190­40 reporting requirements.
  • US Army Federal Civilian Inmate Labor Program 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.rense.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Keep the lines open as you encourage them to gather as much information on a particular career as possible.
  • Home Page | Flagler County Public Schools 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.flagler.k12.fl.us [Source type: General]

.This first step is usually done with rough sketches or outlines only, and when approved by the client as regards the planning and situation of rooms, &c., the architect prepares the plans, elevations, and sections on the lines of the approved rough sketches; at the same time he strictly observes the building acts, and makes every portion of the building comply with these acts as regards the thickness of walls, open spaces, light and air, distances from surrounding property, frontage lines, and a host of other points too numerous to mention, as far as he can interpret the meaning of the enactments.^ Partition - A wall that subdivides spaces within any story of a building or room.

^ The same will happen with Green building over time.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ HughesNet® delivers high-speed Internet over satellite — not over your telephone line — so you can surf and talk at the same time.
  • Satellite Internet Providers, Satellite Internet Service Provider, Direcway Satellite Internet : Cosmosatellite 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.cosmosatellite.com [Source type: General]

.(The London and New York Building Acts are very extensive, with numerous amendments made as occasion requires.^ The oldest hospital in the City of New York is the New York Hospital, founded in 1770 by private subscriptions and by contributions from London .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A high rise building in New York City might be as dry as a home in Arizona during the coldest months of the year.

^ Chrysler Building , by William Van Allen, at New York, New York, 1928 to 1930.
  • Great Buildings Online - Master Buildings List 2009.0825 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: Academic]

) .An architect, whilst preparing the working drawings from the rough approved sketches, and endeavouring to conform with the Building Act requirements, often finds after consultation with the district surveyor, or the London County Council, or other local authorities, that the plans have to be altered; and when so altered the client may disapprove of them, and thus delay often occurs in settling them.^ The presenting resident will then discussed the sequenced treatment plan prepared with input from the Director, Assistant Director, and other appropriate mentors.

^ One resident will present a patient’s diagnostic data and problem list, then the other residents will prepare a sequenced treatment plan.

^ Developing a public affairs plan informing the installation and the surrounding local community of the program and work projects assigned to civilian inmate labor.
  • US Army Federal Civilian Inmate Labor Program 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.rense.com [Source type: Academic]

.Another important point is that after the architect has obtained the consent of the building authorities, and also the approval of the client, then he may have to fight the adjoining owners with regard to ancient lights, or air space, or party walls.^ Q: May the association, landlord, building management or property owner restrict the installation of an individual antenna because a central antenna will be available in the future?
  • Fcc Satellite Dish Network DirecTV Home Theater Cable 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.fccsatellite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bay window - Any window space projecting outward from the walls of a building, either square or polygonal in plan.

^ Partition - A wall that subdivides spaces within any story of a building or room.

.In the city of London these last difficulties often mean the suspension of the work for a long time, and a great loss to the client.^ It seems that Gehry has not lived, loved nor worked in actual city setting for some time.
  • The New Brooklyn - Gothamist 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hope the foundation remains strong long enough for ICON to balance itself in these troubled times or look at other opportunities.

^ But apparently on that night each farmer had had his or her fill, and a great time was had by all, including Welsh and her long-term girlfriend.

If the site is a large one, or the nature of the soil uncertain, trial holes should be sunk directly the sketch plans are approved.
(See Foundations.) .Where the property is leasehold there are always at this stage negotiations as to obtaining the approval of the senior lessors and the freeholders; these having been obtained, the architect is then free to serve the various notices that may be required re party walls, &c.^ Sky may also be viewed without a contract, for free (all the Freeview channels), but still requires a satellite dish and sky receiver (which can be purchased second hand).

^ So three whole names and a first name, and the other posts may as well not even be there, they’re all just government.

^ So since there may be occasions when the sidebar will be longer than the content box we're going to use this method of clearing floating 's instead.
  • From PSD to HTML, Building a Set of Website Designs Step by Step - Nettuts+ 12 October 2009 10:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The contract plans should be very carefully prepared, and sections, plans and elevations of all parts of the buildings and the levels from a datum line be given.^ The US government which is the largest builder in the US (40% of all building) is also very instrumental in promoting Green Building through design, products and strategies.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ It should cover all of the many contingencies that might arise in your building project.
  • House & home building cost guide, New residential construction tips 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.house-n-home-building.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the park should be build to accomodate an upper deck over top of the club/luxury level should it be needed, and that is depicted in the second diagram.

.In addition to the general set of drawings, larger scale details of the principal portions of the building should be given.^ There are not enough people using Green building materials now to make much of a dent on the larger scale, however this will change.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ Cameras, equipment, studio set up, and general photographic techniques are covered in great detail.

^ I didn't get too detailed with all the buildings and golf course in the infield, that could take weeks, and I think you should get the idea from the diagrams provided.

.If there are any existing buildings on the site these should be carefully surveyed and accurate detail plans be made for reference; this is especially necessary with regard to easements and rights of adjoining owners.^ I’m not going to go into too much detail about my situation regarding Zendik right now.

^ For more information regarding light rail and the C-Line (orange) stop at INVESCO Field at Mile High, please refer to the RTD web site.

^ Based on conversations with people who should know who builds what in the USA, and not a scientific survey here is what I can gather are the top 5 data center construction companies in order.
  • Green Data Center Blog: Building 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.greenm3.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also in the preparation of the site plan the various levels of the ground should be shown.^ It pulls together the various theater missile defense players into one combined and joint organization capable of planning, integrating and executing theater missile defense operations at the theater level.
  • Organizing for Success: Theater Missile Defense in Korea 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Teens – At the 10th grade level, you should have identified some options for what you plan to do after high school.
  • Home Page | Flagler County Public Schools 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.flagler.k12.fl.us [Source type: General]

.The plans having been approved by all parties concerned, the next operation is the preparation of the specification. This is a document which describes the materials to be used in the building, states how they are to be mixed, and how the various works are to be executed, and specifies every trade, and every portion of work in the building.^ The materials for this building were all supplied locally.
  • First LEED Platinum Carbon Neutral Building! | Inhabitat 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.inhabitat.com [Source type: General]

^ The massive scale, questionable urban design, huge public subsidy, use of eminent domain, and displacement of existing residents and business -- all these are more cause for concern than the architectural style(s) of the buildings themselves.
  • The New Brooklyn - Gothamist 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These Specifications and the Contract documents are provided in a Word format so you can edit or modify them for your own use.
  • House & home building cost guide, New residential construction tips 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.house-n-home-building.com [Source type: General]

.The specification is necessary to enable the builder to erect the structure according to the architect's requirements, and is written by the architect; usually two copies of this document are made, one for the builder, the other for the architect, and the latter is signed as the contract copy in the same manner as the drawings.^ As such it is "required by law to collect and house at least one copy of every document published in Botswana including Government publications."
  • African Universities on the Internet 20 September 2009 4:19 UTC library.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ At Epidaurus the Roman senator Antoninus erected ( A.D. 170) two establishments, one for the dying and the other for women lying-in; patients of these classes were not admitted in the Æsculapium.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the property already has a structure on it, a copy of your driveway permit is not required.
  • Building 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.parkco.us [Source type: General]

.From the specification and drawings usually an approximate estimate of the cost of the proposed building is prepared by the architect, and the most general method adopted is to cube the building by a multiplication of the length, breadth and height of the building, and to multiply the product or cubic contents by a price ranging from fivepence to three shillings per cubic foot.^ (Building Material) production by 2% per level.
  • Buildings - WikIkariam, the Ikariam wiki - Buildings, Units, Ships, Guides, and more 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC ikariam.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ The 180,000-square-foot building, a replica of the company’s famous market basket, cost $30 million and took two years to complete.
  • 50 Strange Buildings of the World | Village Of Joy 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC villageofjoy.com [Source type: General]

^ However, anyone who purchases the House Building Guide will receive a free, one year subscription , and thereafter will be able to purchase it for the nominal cost of $12 per year.
  • House & home building cost guide, New residential construction tips 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.house-n-home-building.com [Source type: General]

.In the case of churches, chapels and schools, the cost may be roughly computed by taking the number of seats at a price per seat.^ Time and materials contract - A construction contract which specifies a price for different elements of the work such as cost per hour of labor, overhead, profit, etc.

^ However since the Church is made up of human beings, it may take wrong turns and have to be corrected or renewed.
  • What is the Church? 11 September 2009 23:39 UTC geneva.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Though our hands may be forced at some point, for now I am taking a stand and will go find the supply we need at the right price.

In the case of churches and chapels, taking a minimum area of 8 ft. each, the cost varies from £io upwards, the difference being due to the amount of architectural embellishment or the addition of a tower. .Schools may be estimated as averaging £q per scholar; we find that, taking schools of various sizes erected by the late London School Board, their cost varied from £7:1 2: 4 to Rio: is 10 per scholar.^ Alaska schools vary greatly in size.
  • alaska_school_districts [Alaska Teacher Placement] 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.alaskateacher.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Second, cost estimates can vary widely, depending on who is doing the estimating.
  • Missile Defense: Farce and Fraud 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.abolishnukes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ School board may select new member Tuesday January 03, 2010 @ 12:00 AM .

.Hospitals vary from £ioo per bed upwards, the lowest cost being taken from a cottage hospital type; while in the case of St Thomas's hospital, London, the cost per bed, including the proportion of the administrative block, was £650, and without this portion the wards alone cost £250. The Herbert hospital at Woolwich cost only £3 20 per bed.^ In giving them practical effect St. Charles Borromeo set the example by founding and endowing a hospital at Milan and by obliging hospital directors to submit reports of their administration.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The average cost growth for other types of systems fall somewhere in between, with most in the 20-30 percent range.
  • RAND | Research Areas | National Security | Understanding the Extraordinary Cost of Missile Defense 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If someone had offered me the chance to be the most popular kid in school, but only at the price of being of average intelligence (humor me here), I wouldn't have taken it.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

.The bills of quantities are prepared by the quantity surveyor, and are generally made to form part of the contract, and so mentioned in "the contract."^ General Rogers had mentioned that repairs were made on the spot, I think a lot of folks are going to want to know who made those repairs.
  • BLACKFIVE: Bragg Barracks Scandal 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.blackfive.net [Source type: General]

.The work of the quantity surveyor is to measure from the drawings the whole of the materials required for the structure, and state the amounts.^ For example, selection of tile as a flooring may require an allowance for an underlayment material, or an electrical allowance which sets aside an amount of money to be spent on electrical fixtures.

or quantities of the respective materials in the form of a bill usually made out on .foolscap paper specially ruled, so that foundations are commonly interposed upon such soils Y P P to protect the building from derangement from this cause; or walls of the cheaper material, concrete, instead of the more expensive brick or stone structure, are brought up from a level sufficiently below the ordinary surface of the ground.^ Parallel layers of building materials such as bricks, or siding laid up horizontally.

^ Myth #1 Building Green is more expensive.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ Girls were asked to design and build s'mores out of the usual materials - graham crackers, chocolate, marshmallows - and the resulting objects were tested and judged.

.When concrete is used to obviate the tendency of the soil to yield to pressure, expanse or extent of base is required, and the concrete being widely spread should therefore be deep or thick as a layer, only with reference to its own power of transmitting to the ground the weight of the wall to be built upon it, without breaking across or being crushed.^ It can be worked depending upon the climatic situations (as the satellite TV) Based on the high-speed satellite Internet connection source you may still require to know how to use the dial-up connection over the Internet The setting up of dial-up connection is quite difficult than wired Internet or else DSL. Thus, should you access high-speed satellite Internet connection?
  • Satellite Internet Blog 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC blog.getdsltoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Nonbearing wall - A wall supporting no load other than its own weight.

^ For the midcourse NMD capability, the Pentagon’s own estimate is much higher, $16-$19 billion, in part because it would abandon the Navy Theater Wide’s current kill vehicle and instead use the much larger and more capable exoatmospheric kill vehicle that is being developed for the ground-based NMD system.
  • RAND | Research Areas | National Security | Understanding the Extraordinary Cost of Missile Defense 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But when concrete is used as a substitute for a wall, in carrying a wall down to a low level, it is in fact a wall in itself, wide only in proportion to its comparative weakness in the absence of manipulated bond in its construction, and encased by the soil within which it is placed.^ Plate -  Normally a 2 X 4 or 2 X 6 that lays horizontally within a framed structure, such as: Sill plate- A horizontal member anchored to a concrete or masonry wall.

^ The execution area was located in the southwest corner of the camp and was used for carrying out the sentences by lining the prisoners against the wall and shooting them.
  • http://frank.mtsu.edu/~baustin/holocamp.html 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC frank.mtsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Often used as a substitute for plywood in the exterior wall and roof sheathing.

.When a concrete wall is used in place of brick the London Building Act requires an extra thickness of one-third; on the question of reinforced concrete no regulations as to thickness have at present been made.^ Ceiling joist - One of a series of parallel framing members used to support ceiling loads and supported in turn by larger beams, girders or bearing walls.

^ There is no question anymore about the positive effect of using non-toxic materials to reduce or eliminate indoor air pollution.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires school districts to publish report cards containing certain information.
  • Harrison County School District > Home 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.harrison.k12.ms.us [Source type: General]

.The foundation of a building of ordinary weight is for the most part sufficiently provided for by applying what are technically termed "footings" to the walls.^ Bearing point - A point where a bearing or structural weight is concentrated and transferred to the foundation Bearing wall - A wall that supports any vertical load in addition to its own weight.

^ What exactly to the terms "Zero Energy" and "Carbon Neutral" mean when applied to buildings?
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ The Sustainable Buildings Industry Council provides information about the current version and technical support of Energy-10.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

.The reason for a the builders can price each item, together with the labour required to work and fix it, thus forming the building.^ Fixed price contract - A contract with a set price for the work.

^ Owners, builders, architects and vendors worked together to craft a sustainable design.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ Building Commissioning: Ensuring High Performance Green Buildings (Online) Building commissioning facilitates all parties working together to ensure that the facility functions as intended.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

The idea is to be able to arrive at a lump sum for which the builders will undertake to erect the building. .It is of frequent occurrence, in fact it occurs in four-fifths of building contracts, that when a building is commenced, the client, or other interested person, will alter some portion, thereby causing deviations from the bills of quantities.^ Extras - Additional work requested of a contractor, not included in the original plan, which will be billed separately and will not alter the original contract amount, but increase the cost of building the home.

^ Also, 64 suites would be in the building, 40 on the club level, and 24 in 8 towers stacked 3 high, as has been done in some other newer stadiums.

^ Surprising to scientists at the European agency and other research centers is the fact that the break-up is occurring in the Antarctic winter.

.By having the prices of the different materials before him, it is easy for the quantity surveyor to remeasure the portion altered, adding or deducting as the case may be, and thus to ascertain what difference the alteration makes.^ Ticket prices are set by sellers and may differ from face value.
  • Dodger Stadium Tickets at StubHub! 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.stubhub.com [Source type: General]
  • Yankee Stadium Tickets at StubHub! 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.stubhub.com [Source type: News]

^ Time and materials contract - A construction contract which specifies a price for different elements of the work such as cost per hour of labor, overhead, profit, etc.

^ The California Supreme Court added:   It may well be doubted whether it is proper in an introductory school course in chemistry to require pupils to make and ignite an explosive.
  • Injuries in School/College Laboratories in USA 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rbs2.com [Source type: Original source]

.This method of bills of quantities and prices is absolutely necessary to any one about to build, and means a considerable saving to the client in the end.^ The Energy Minute this month is about open versus proprietary networking methods for building controls.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ A multipurpose stadium could save $500 million, and I think if somebody really tried to build a nice one, it could work.

^ Let's get one thing clear, building manufacturers are all about making a building as lean as possible without sacrificing safety.

.For example: - Suppose that bills of quantities are not prepared for a certain job by a quantity surveyor, and, as is often done, the drawings and specification are sent to several builders asking them for a quotation to build the house or factory or whatever it may be, according to the drawings and specification.^ Example 3) Suppose you design daylighting into the roof of a structure in order for more light to enter into an old building with poor lighting.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ I am building a house in dontcry says "The woven house is supposed to..."

^ On May 11, 2000 he sent a letter to the White House to propose an independent, expert panel be appointed to investigate the fraudulent cover-up.
  • Missile Defense: Farce and Fraud 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.abolishnukes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The prices are duly sent in to the architect, and probably the lowest price is accepted and the successful builder starts the job. .During the progress of the works certain alterations take place by the owner's instructions, and when the day of settlement comes, the builder puts in his claim for "extras," then owing to the alterations and to the architect having no prices to work upon, litigation often ensues.^ I hate IE6 as much as the next designer out there, but it comes with the territory – you HAVE to take care of those IE6 discrepancies before it can be considered a working website.
  • From PSD to HTML, Building a Set of Website Designs Step by Step - Nettuts+ 12 October 2009 10:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I feel great, no matter what happens, knowing that we are taking care of families, providing a great environment to work in.

^ November 07, 2007 [EnergyBlog] GREENBUILD-- Put 18,000 architects, builders and vendors in one building, when you were expecting fewer than 10,000, and you get...
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

.Before the work of erecting a structure is entrusted to a builder he has to sign a contract in the same manner as the drawings and specification.^ That includes pretty much every structure erected before 1800 or so, and a large proportion built during the 19th and early 20th centuries.
  • First LEED Platinum Carbon Neutral Building! | Inhabitat 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.inhabitat.com [Source type: General]

^ Ask for the drawings, a copy of the contract and warranty papers - a little bit of work up-front will save you a lot of heart burn in the end.

.This contract is an important document wherein the builder agrees to carry out the work for a stated sum of money, in accordance with the drawings and specification, and bills of quantities, and instructions of the architect, and to his entire satisfaction; and it also states the description of the materials and workmanship, and the manner of carrying out the work, responsibilities of the builder, particularly clauses indemnifying the employer against accidents to employees, and against numerous other risks, the time of completion of works under-a penalty for non-completion (the usual allowance being made for bad weather, fire or strikes), and also how payments will be made to the builder as he proceeds with the building.^ Which clauses are important in a house building contract.
  • House & home building cost guide, New residential construction tips 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.house-n-home-building.com [Source type: General]

^ I just didn’t have any money the other times.

^ ICON Building Systems has a solid history of being focused on customer service and support while offering the most"builder-friendly" system in the industry.

.This form of contract is generally prepared by the architect, and varies in part as may be necessary to meet the requirements of the case.^ So, the rank matters only if the student is looking for "General" criteria for the universities and may not be useful or helpful to meet all for the student's individual objective.
  • US University Ranking informations ~ F1study.com 20 September 2009 4:19 UTC www.f1study.com [Source type: General]

^ For instance, if your child wants to go to college and she/he hasn’t taken the required courses, remedial courses may be necessary.
  • Home Page | Flagler County Public Schools 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.flagler.k12.fl.us [Source type: General]

^ Mitigation measures may involve crawl space and basement venting and various forms of vapor barriers.

.When the drawings have been approved by the owner or client, also by the district surveyor or local authorities, and by adjoining owners, one copy of them, made on linen, is usually deposited (in London) either witli the district surveyor, or with the London County Council, another is prepared for the freeholder if a lease of the land is granted, and a third is given to the builder.^ Philadelphia is gripped with fear as Shelton's high-profile targets are slain one after another and the authorities are powerless to halt his reign of terror.

^ It is usually 'owned' by the sewer utility, must be maintained by the owner and may only be serviced by utility approved contractors.

^ Each district sets its own in agreement with a union - either local NEA, or AFT associations in most cases.
  • alaska_school_districts [Alaska Teacher Placement] 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.alaskateacher.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, in complicated cases such as occur in the city of London, when a building is erected on land which has four or five distinct owners, an architect may have to prepare a large number of complete copies to be deposited with the various parties interested.^ In addition to the few cases discussed above, there are a much larger number of reported cases of pupils/students injured during athletic activities that may raise analogous issues.
  • Injuries in School/College Laboratories in USA 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rbs2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reports received by WOIPFG show that in addition to forced brainwashing and torture, China's labor camps also force a large number of Falun Gong practitioners to work as slave labors.
  • forced labor camp production 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.upholdjustice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nevertheless, the Army recognizes that these correctional systems may approach installations to lease land on which to build corrections facilities, or to lease unoccupied facilities.
  • US Army Federal Civilian Inmate Labor Program 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.rense.com [Source type: Academic]

.The duties of the builder are very similar to those of the architect, except that he.^ July 16, 2009 For architects and builders, tracking LEED credits requires software functionality similar to that required for more traditional construction project management.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

is not expected to be able to plan and design, but to carry out the plans and designs of the architect in the actual work of building. .The builder should also know the various acts, and in particular the acts specially relating to the erection of scaffoldings, hoardings, gantries, shoring and pulling down of old buildings.^ Based on conversations with people who should know who builds what in the USA, and not a scientific survey here is what I can gather are the top 5 data center construction companies in order.
  • Green Data Center Blog: Building 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.greenm3.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know it’s hard to relate to doing an unfamiliar act that is obviously not in the person’s best interest.

.He should have a thorough knowledge of all materials, their qualifying marks or brands, and the special features of good and bad in each class, their uses and method of use.^ All brand names and product names used on this Web site are trade names, service marks, registered trademarks of their respective holders.
  • Culinary Schools & Colleges | Culinary School Directory | Chef 2 Chef.net 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC chef2chef.net [Source type: General]

^ A great deal of emphasis has been placed on the term VOC (volatile organic compound) to the extent that many have begun to believe that all VOC's are "bad" and should be eliminated.
  • Green Building Supply, Non Toxic Supplies, Environmentally Friendly Materials 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC greenbuildingsupply.com [Source type: General]

^ By the time Powell gets done with it, it'll all be good as new, almost -- all but that jagged mark down the middle.
  • The Barracks by Richard Seltzer 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.samizdat.com [Source type: Original source]

.He should be able to control and manage both the men and materials; and briefly, in a builder, as opposed to an architect, the constructive knowledge should predominate.^ Managing Your Environmental Responsibilities (MYER): A Planning Guide for Construction and Development This guide is for the construction company owner, contractor, architect, and other personnel involved in construction and development.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Constructive public debate is needed and the results of that debate should lead to greater security for both America and the world.
  • Missile Defense: Farce and Fraud 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.abolishnukes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ July 16, 2009 For architects and builders, tracking LEED credits requires software functionality similar to that required for more traditional construction project management.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

.On large or important works it is usual to have a clerk of works or delegate from the architect; his duties are to be on the works while they are in progress and endeavour by constant attention to secure the use of the best materials and construction, and to report to the architect for his instruction any difficulties that may arise.^ Generators may be used so long as they do not damage University property; if a generator is placed on a grassy area it must rest on a board or other hard material to protect the grass and soil beneath.
  • SoonerSports.com - Official Site of the Oklahoma Sooners 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.soonersports.com [Source type: General]

^ F Install benches by fastening bench tops to pedestals and securely anchoring to the floor using appropriate anchors for the floor material.

^ Usually used to describe the drawing of a structure which is prepared by an architect or designer for the purpose of design and planning, estimating, securing permits and actual construction.

He should be a thoroughly practical man as opposed to the architectural draughtsman. His salary is paid by the client,, and is not included in the architect's remuneration.
.American building acts agree in a general manner with those enforced in London.^ Buildings Benefit from American Recovery and Reinvestment Act .
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ Continue reading "Buildings Benefit from American Recovery and Reinvestment Act" » .
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

.But whereas New York allows the erection of frame or wood structures, while defining a certain portion of the city inside which no new frame or wood structures shall be erected, in London and the large cities of Great Britain the erection of wood frame buildings as dwellings is prohibited.^ Dodger Stadium was built in 1962 after Walter O'Malley moved the Dodgers from their home in Brooklyn to the city of Los Angeles after a suitable stadium location in New York could not be found.
  • Dodger Stadium Tickets at StubHub! 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.stubhub.com [Source type: General]

^ Blocked (door blocking) - Wood shims used between the door frame and the vertical structural wall framing members.

^ The oldest hospital in the City of New York is the New York Hospital, founded in 1770 by private subscriptions and by contributions from London .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In New York City provision is made for a space at the rear of domestic buildings at least io ft.^ Dodger Stadium was built in 1962 after Walter O'Malley moved the Dodgers from their home in Brooklyn to the city of Los Angeles after a suitable stadium location in New York could not be found.
  • Dodger Stadium Tickets at StubHub! 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.stubhub.com [Source type: General]

^ Lukas Herbert , urban planner and former member of New York City's Community Board 4: .
  • Why Your Stadium Sucks: Yankee Stadium - Why your stadium sucks - Deadspin 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC deadspin.com [Source type: General]

^ Board of Education of City of New York, 90 N.E.2d 474, 478 (N.Y. 1949)(Conway, J., dissenting, with whom Chief Judge Loughran concurred.
  • Injuries in School/College Laboratories in USA 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rbs2.com [Source type: Original source]

deep, but such depth is increased when the building is over 60 ft. high, and is varied under special circumstances. .In London this depth is the same, but the height of the building in relation to the space required in the rear thereof shall be constructed to keep within an angle of 631 degrees, Inclining from the rear boundary towards the building from the level of pavement in front of building; the position from which the angle is taken is varied under special circumstances.^ Heating load - The amount of heating required to keep a building at a specified temperature during the winter, usually 65° F, regardless of outside temperature.

^ The intent of the document is to address the need for a comprehensive guide for procuring green building products and construction services within the Federal government.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Spacing - The distance between individual members or shingles in building construction.

.In the smaller English towns the building regulations are framed on the model by-laws, and these increase the depth of the yard or garden according to the height of the building.^ The School’s philosophy of education teaches children to build on core knowledge, increasing the depth and strength of that knowledge as they mature.
  • Princeton Online Back to School Guide - Listings of local schools, educational programs and services, recreational activities, informative articles, business listings, open houses, kids party ideas, helpful links, and more! :: 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.princetonol.com [Source type: General]

^ Available for free Building Benchmark Models Developed by DOE with three of its' national labs, these benchmark models are complete descriptions of buildings for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Myoko and Takao classes The fifth volume in a new series providing in-depth information about building and modifying models of famous warship types.

.With regard to the strength and proportion of materials, these are not dealt with in the London Building Act to the same extent as in the New York; for example, in the New York acts (parts 4 and 5) 1 it is prescribed that the bricks used shall be good, hard, well-burned bricks.^ Available for free Building Benchmark Models Developed by DOE with three of its' national labs, these benchmark models are complete descriptions of buildings for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Ford Foundation Building , by Roche-Dinkeloo, at New York, New York, 1963 to 1968.
  • Great Buildings Online - Master Buildings List 2009.0825 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: Academic]

^ December 18, 2009 In this final Briefing of 2009: The New York Times building uses an approach called "total light management" to shave 70 percent off its lighting energy use.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

.The sand used for mortar shall be clean, sharp, grit sand, free from loam or dirt, and shall not be finer than the standard samples kept in the office of the department of buildings; also the quality of lime and mortar is fully described, and the strengths of steel and cast-iron, and tests of new materials.^ We’re building a new Emergency Department!

^ Girls were asked to design and build s'mores out of the usual materials - graham crackers, chocolate, marshmallows - and the resulting objects were tested and judged.

^ Normally 11 gauge or Schedule 40 metal, and determined by the structural engineer Mortar - A mixture of cement (or lime) with sand and water used in masonry work.

.Also it is required that all excavations for buildings shall be properly guarded and protected so as to prevent them from becoming dangerous to life or limb, and shall be sheath-piled where necessary by the person or persons causing the excavations to be made, to prevent the adjoining earth from caving in.^ Millwork - Generally all building materials made of finished wood and manufactured in millwork plants.

^ Paul Getty sucked as much oil out of the Earth and caused as much pollution as anyone and for rationalization he said, “I created employment, made a lot of jobs.” What’s a job?

^ Seitz cites a 1943 opinion in California that says: Knowledge that danger exists is not knowledge of the amount of danger necessary to charge a person with negligence in assuming the risk caused by such danger.
  • Injuries in School/College Laboratories in USA 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rbs2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Plans filed in the department of buildings shall be accompanied by a statement of the character of the soil at the level of the footings.^ By using IQS you will be able to generate the plans and specs you need for your building department to approve.

There are also requirements as to protecting adjoining property. .The bearing capacity of soils, pressure under footings of foundations, and in part 6 the materials of walls and the methods to be observed in building them are defined.^ Cantilevered void - Foundation void material used in unusually expansive soils conditions.

^ Data centers consume more energy per square foot than any other part of an office building.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ Bearing point - A point where a bearing or structural weight is concentrated and transferred to the foundation Bearing wall - A wall that supports any vertical load in addition to its own weight.

.Part 23 deals with floor loads, and the strength of floors constructed of various materials, and requires that the temporary support shall be strong enough to carry the load placed upon them during the progress of any works to buildings.^ Gypcrete, otherwise known as lightweight concrete, is not strong enough to hold together when a wood floor that is glued to it expands and contracts.

^ Heating load - The amount of heating required to keep a building at a specified temperature during the winter, usually 65° F, regardless of outside temperature.

^ For example, selection of tile as a flooring may require an allowance for an underlayment material, or an electrical allowance which sets aside an amount of money to be spent on electrical fixtures.

Part 24 deals with the calculations and strength of materials, and wind pressure. .Parts 4 and 5 of the New York Building Code are not dealt with by the London Building Act, but the local by-laws of the various districts deal with these.^ Ford Foundation Building , by Roche-Dinkeloo, at New York, New York, 1963 to 1968.
  • Great Buildings Online - Master Buildings List 2009.0825 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: Academic]

^ California's new building energy code makes load shifting a necessity for many new facilities.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ Frame Inspection - The act of inspecting the home's structural integrity and it's complianceto local municipal codes.

.Part 6 of the New York code is dealt with partly by the London Building Act, and partly by the local by-laws.^ The framer builds the home according to the blueprints and must comply with local building codes and regulations.

^ Frame Inspection - The act of inspecting the home's structural integrity and it's complianceto local municipal codes.

^ ALWAYS confirm your Codes and Loads with your local Building Department.

.Parts 23 and 24 of the New York code are not dealt with in the English acts at all.^ New York, 3:08 PM Fri Jan 29 21 posts in the last 24 hours .
  • Why Your Stadium Sucks: Yankee Stadium - Why your stadium sucks - Deadspin 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC deadspin.com [Source type: General]

^ Colleges Universities News from 24 Oct 2008 Colleges Universities Jun 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 .

^ All along we've been acting like this was something new, like nobody'd ever been through basic before.
  • The Barracks by Richard Seltzer 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.samizdat.com [Source type: Original source]

.In America the standard quality for all materials is set out, but in no English acts do we find the definition of the quality of timber, new materials, steel, &c.^ "There's no way for me to find out who got me with the shaving cream.
  • The Barracks by Richard Seltzer 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.samizdat.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the goal of bringing access to quality entertainment for all American made, live television and then set his sights on improving the quality and ease-of-use of its services.

^ Thawed Out and Ready We're all back, thawed out and ready to dig into new projects.

.Iron and steel construction is in its infancy in England as compared with America, and probably this accounts for no special regulations being in force; but part 22 of the New York Building Code, section zio to 129 inclusive, deals very fully with iron and steel construction, and this is further supplemented by sections 137 to 140 inclusive.^ The new Garden would seat 22,000 for hockey and 23,000 for basketball, making it one of the larger arenas in America.

^ For the next quarter century, America's central banking was carried on by a myriad of state-chartered banks with no federal regulation.
  • National Bank History - Banknotes and Stock Certificates 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.nationalbankhistory.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Designing and pricing a new Steel Building has never been easier, and IQS is heating up the marketplace each and every day.

.Sanitary work is dealt with in London by section 39 of the Public Health (London) Act, and the drainage by-laws of the London County Council, in which every detail is very fully gone into with regard to the laying of drains, and fitting up of soil pipes, w.c.'s, &c., all of which is to be carried out and tested to the satisfaction of the local borough's sanitary inspector.^ I’m not going to go into too much detail about my situation regarding Zendik right now.

^ Actually, if you carry out in the state your capacity to access just dial up Internet might be imperfect.
  • Satellite Internet Blog 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC blog.getdsltoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Trap - A plumbing fitting that holds water to prevent air, gas, and vermin from backing up into a fixture.

.The general requirements of New York with regard to sanitary work are very similar with a few more restrictions, and are carried out under "the rules and regulations for plumbing, drainage, 1 Building and Health Laws and Regulations affecting the City of New York, including the Building Code of New York City as amended to 1st May 1903. water-supply, and ventilation of buildings."^ Girls were asked to design and build s'mores out of the usual materials - graham crackers, chocolate, marshmallows - and the resulting objects were tested and judged.

^ The rule applies to state or local laws or regulations, including zoning, land-use or building regulations, private covenants, homeowners’ association rules, condominium or cooperative association restrictions, lease restrictions, or similar restrictions on property within the exclusive use or control of the antenna user where the user has an ownership or leasehold interest in the property.
  • Fcc Satellite Dish Network DirecTV Home Theater Cable 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.fccsatellite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A: All transmitters regulated by the Commission, including the customer-end fixed wireless antennas (either satellite or terrestrial) covered under the amended rule, are required to meet the applicable Commission guidelines regarding RF exposure limits.
  • Fcc Satellite Dish Network DirecTV Home Theater Cable 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.fccsatellite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The noticeable feature of the New York regulations is that all master plumbers have to be registered, which is not so in England.^ But when I looked closely, I noticed that all of the artwork featured on the website looked the same.

^ Penalty Charge Notices will be issued to all drivers who ignore the regulations.
  • Tottenhamhotspur.com - Stadium - Stadium Directions 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.tottenhamhotspur.com [Source type: General]

^ Featured New York Culinary School .
  • Culinary Schools & Colleges | Culinary School Directory | Chef 2 Chef.net 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC chef2chef.net [Source type: General]

.The New York regulations have 183 sections relating to sanitary work, and the English regulations have 96 sections.^ Number of years the New York Police Department's new Deputy Commissioner of Intelligence worked for the CIA : 35 .
  • Central Intelligence Agency (Harper's Magazine) 12 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: News]

^ The last section includes case study exercises and tutorials that provide opportunities to work with the new digital imagery.
  • MetEd: Satellite Meteorology 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.meted.ucar.edu [Source type: Reference]

.Also by part 16 of the Amendments to Plumbing Rules 1903, the New York laws require that, before any construction of, or alterations to, any gas piping or fittings are commenced, permits must be obtained from the superintendent of buildings; these are only issued to a registered plumber.^ Trap - A plumbing fitting that holds water to prevent air, gas, and vermin from backing up into a fixture.

^ First National Bank of Marathon Check 1890's - New York signed by Edgar I. Adams Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Marathon Check issued in 1890's.
  • National Bank History - Banknotes and Stock Certificates 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.nationalbankhistory.com [Source type: Reference]

^ July 16, 2009 For architects and builders, tracking LEED credits requires software functionality similar to that required for more traditional construction project management.
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

.The application must be accompanied by plans of the different floors showing each outlet, and the number of burners to each outlet; a statement must also be made of the quality of the pipes and fittings, all of which are to be tested by the inspector.^ All items must fit into a 12” x 12” x 12” template at the gate through which you enter the stadium.

^ As in the last 12 years and service quality now show, live broadcast commitments made satellite television’s most experienced rich and rewarding as possible.

^ While especially handy for naval enthusiasts of all periods, this book is indispensable to the warship modelers since it shows details not included on official ship's plans.

.In London there are no such laws; the gas companies control a small portion of the work as regards the connexion to meters, while the insurance companies require gas jets to be covered with a wire guard where liable to come in contact with inflammable goods.^ As such it is "required by law to collect and house at least one copy of every document published in Botswana including Government publications."
  • African Universities on the Internet 20 September 2009 4:19 UTC library.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Short circuit - A situation that occurs when hot and neutral wires come in contact with each other.

^ This is one reason that there is no need for canon law: the moral components of canon law evolved to guide priests as they supervised their members' lives.
  • What is the Church? 11 September 2009 23:39 UTC geneva.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

.As to water, the various water companies in England have each their own set of regulations as to the kind of fittings and thickness and quality of pipe to be used, whether for service, wastes or main.^ PVC or CPVC - Poly Vinyl Chloride-A type of white or light gray plastic pipe sometimes used for water supply lines and waste pipe.

^ With the goal of bringing access to quality entertainment for all American made, live television and then set his sights on improving the quality and ease-of-use of its services.

^ Reducer - A fitting with different size openings at either end and used to go from a larger to a smaller pipe.

.The importance of fire-resisting construction is being more fully recognized now by all countries.^ So it is seemingly true that when one abandons god, religion, country, society, morality, family and all systems (including the super-ego) then one is more internally free.

^ Even internal Pentagon audits of the missile shield program are now being resisted.
  • Missile Defense: Farce and Fraud 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.abolishnukes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I can only tolerate being so stupid for so long but it’s all history now, I was in a coma from holding something which I finally got rid of today at the post office now I’m..

.In France the regulations Fire- for factories, shops and workshops relating to "exits" require that all doors should open outwardly when they open on to courts, vestibules, staircases or interior passages.^ Should they not fit under your seat, they may be checked at a Guest Relations or Concierge Center.

^ This shouldn't be something that requires increased command visibility, this is something that should always be of the highest visibility to all commanders all the time.
  • BLACKFIVE: Bragg Barracks Scandal 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.blackfive.net [Source type: General]

^ Trim- Interior - The finish materials in a building, such as moldings applied around openings (window trim, door trim) or at the floor and ceiling of rooms (baseboard, cornice, and other moldings).

.When they give access to the open air, outward opening is not obligatory unless it has been judged necessary in the interests of safety.^ A: Yes, unless the restriction being challenged or for which a waiver is sought is necessary for reasons of safety or historic preservation.
  • Fcc Satellite Dish Network DirecTV Home Theater Cable 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.fccsatellite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If the doors open on to a passage or staircase they must be fixed in such a manner as not to project into the passage or staircase when open.^ Before the doors opened at 11 a.m., they were already waiting outside the Texas Union Ballroom — a line of fresh-faced, professionally dressed students.

^ Doorjamb, interior - The surrounding case into which and out of which a door closes and opens.

^ Such bonds are rarely used in residential construction, they are an insurance policy which guarantees proper completion of a project.

.The exits must be numerous, and signs indicating the quickest way out are to be placed in conspicuous positions.^ I get so distressed as i am in a position where the only single way out, is for me to master this .
  • From PSD to HTML, Building a Set of Website Designs Step by Step - Nettuts+ 12 October 2009 10:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Walk off mats should be placed inside and out at all exterior exits, and the floor should be swept or vacuumed frequently.

^ "There's no place on the official form to indicate whether the latrine is used or not or to indicate the level of the stench out there under the trees.
  • The Barracks by Richard Seltzer 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.samizdat.com [Source type: Original source]

The windows are to open outwardly. .Staircases in offices or other buildings serving as places for work shall be constructed in incombustible materials, or shall be walled in fully in plaster.^ I applaud green design, but as others have mentioned an analysis of the carbon emissions embedded in the construction process and in the materials would also put these claims of greenness in perspective.
  • First LEED Platinum Carbon Neutral Building! | Inhabitat 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.inhabitat.com [Source type: General]

^ Construction drywall - A type of construction in which the interior wall finish is applied in a dry condition, generally in the form of sheet materials or wood paneling as contrasted to plaster.

^ Online self paced and self study Study from your home, office or any other place .
  • Online High School Diploma | GED | Accredited Diploma Program - MUST High School 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.musthighschool.com [Source type: General]

The number of staircases shall be in proportion to the number of employees, &c. .It is prohibited to use any liquid emitting vapours inflammable under 35° C. for the purpose of lighting or heating, unless the apparatus containing the liquid is solidly closed during work, that part of the apparatus containing the liquid being so closed as to avoid any oozing out of the liquid, &c.^ Since that first night game in 1931, LSU has played the majority of its games at night and the Tigers have fared much better under the lights than during the day.
  • Tiger Stadium (92,400) - LSUsports.net - The Official Web Site of LSU Tigers Athletics 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.lsusports.net [Source type: General]

^ A: You really shouldn’t have to do any training for a cat to use a litter pan, but if your adult cat has started to avoid the litter pan you need to figure out why.

^ To make the test useful, the test may be constructed so that parts of the system not being actively tested at that time don't have to be working.
  • Missile Defense - Winds of Change.NET 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.windsofchange.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

&c. Instructions are added as to precautions to be taken in case of fire.
.In London fire-resisting construction is dealt with in the London Building Act, and its second schedule, and in London County Council Theatre and Factory Acts, &c.^ Meeting At 7 p.m., the Chesterfield County Council of PTAs-PTSAs will meet at the School Administration Building, 9900 Krause Road.

.In New York the building code (parts 19, 20 and 21) deals with fire appliances, escapes, and fire-proof shutters and doors, fire-proof buildings and fire-proof floors, and requires that all tenement houses shall have an iron ladder for escape.^ Examples of valid safety restrictions include fire codes preventing people from installing antennas on fire escapes; restrictions requiring that a person not place an antenna within a certain distance from a power line; and installation requirements that describe the proper method to secure an antenna.
  • Fcc Satellite Dish Network DirecTV Home Theater Cable 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.fccsatellite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bellevue Hospital, originally the infirmary of the New York City Alms House, was erected on its present site in 1811.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's part of the House of Clocks , an occasionally open tourist attraction of old buildings and hundreds of antique clocks.
  • World's Smallest Churches. Roadside America 11 September 2009 23:39 UTC www.roadsideamerica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A section somewhat similar to the last came into force in London in 1907 under the London Building Act, being framed with a view to require all existing projecting one-storey shops to have a fire-resisting roof, and all existing buildings over 50 ft.^ Hip roof - A roof that rises by inclined planes from all four sides of a building.

^ This is the original list of 50 strange buildings which has been and is being copied (stolen) by many bloggers.
  • 50 Strange Buildings of the World | Village Of Joy 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC villageofjoy.com [Source type: General]

^ Now my last hope is that Scorsese will someday be moved to make a movie revealing how this all came to be.
  • Why Your Stadium Sucks: Yankee Stadium - Why your stadium sucks - Deadspin 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC deadspin.com [Source type: General]

in height to have means of escape to and from the roof in case of fire.
.There are several patents now in use with which it would be possible to erect a fire-proof dwelling at small cost with walls 3 to 5 in.^ "At some point you will have a defining moment that builds true confidence in a friendship, and there are days you will realize that someone used you up for as long as possible then abandoned you.

^ There I refrained from using the f word, do I get my badge now?

^ With a good bid from Chicago, that could be overlooked, considering there would be a good use for the stadium after the games; unlike many Olympic venues.

in thickness. .One of these has been used where the building act does not apply, as in the case of the Newgate prison cells, London, where the outside walls were from 3 to 4 in.^ I think one piece of information you’re missing, Jyre, is that participating in a cult situation does not equal acting like a zombie.

^ Available for free Building Benchmark Models Developed by DOE with three of its' national labs, these benchmark models are complete descriptions of buildings for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus.
  • FedCenter - High Performance Buildings 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.fedcenter.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Facing brick - The brick used and exposed on the outside of a wall.

thick only, and were absolutely fire and burglar proof. .This method consists in using steel dovetailed sheets fixed between small steel stanchions and plastered in cement on both sides.^ After making the whiskers on one side, the two whiskers on the other cheek are completed using the same method.
  • forced labor camp production 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.upholdjustice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Screed, plaster - A small strip of wood, usually the thickness of the plaster coat, used as a guide for plastering.

^ One policeman used two short batons to shock both sides of my neck, and another took a long baton and placed it on my breasts to shock me.
  • Sex Torture.qxd 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC falunhr.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This form of construction was also used at the British pavilion, Paris Exhibition 1900, and has been employed in numerous other buildings in England, and also in South Africa, Venezuela, and India (Delhi durbar).^ England Cricket performance squad at hpc - 17/12/2009 The English performance squad based themselves at the hpc as part of the England cricket series against South Africa.
  • University of Pretoria 9 January 2010 10:30 UTC web.up.ac.za [Source type: Academic]

^ This Construction Glossary is free to everyone, courtesy of Home Building Manual **   ** (If you use this Glossary (or anything else at this site), please give www.HomeBuildingManual.com credit.

^ Some people suggest that the resources used against Scuds could have been employed to attack other targets, perhaps ending the war more rapidly.
  • Attack Operations: First Layer of an Integrated Missile Defense 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: Reference]

.The use of many of these convenient and sound forms of building construction for ordinary buildings in London, and in districts of England where the model by-laws are in force, is prohibited because they do not comply with some one or other of the various clauses relating to materials, or to the thickness of a wall.^ At least they used put forward some anger, some identifiable rebellion in their public face.

^ FYI, some do this because they are afraid of retaliation from the zendiks.

^ So I don’t know if that means Zendik nows sees itself as a part of some other religion instead of a brand new one or what.

.The various details of construction are described and illustrated under separate headings.^ This handsome work details and illustrates the design and construction of each class of battleship.

See Brickwork, Carpentry, Foundations, Glazing, Joinery, Masonry, Painter-Work, Plastering, Roofs, Scaffold, Shoring, Staircase, Steel Construction, Stone, Timber, Wall-Coverings, &C.
.The principal publications for reference in connexion with this subject are: The Building and Health Laws of the City of New York, Brooklyn Eagle Library, No.^ New York Public Library , by Carrere and Hastings, at New York, New York, 1897 to 1911.
  • Great Buildings Online - Master Buildings List 2009.0825 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Dodger Stadium was built in 1962 after Walter O'Malley moved the Dodgers from their home in Brooklyn to the city of Los Angeles after a suitable stadium location in New York could not be found.
  • Dodger Stadium Tickets at StubHub! 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC www.stubhub.com [Source type: General]

^ Bellevue Hospital, originally the infirmary of the New York City Alms House, was erected on its present site in 1811.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hospitals 26 January 2010 5:13 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.85; Rules and Regulations affecting Building Operations in the administrative County of London, compiled by Ellis Marsland; Annotated By-Laws as to House Drainage, &c., by Jensen; Metropolitan Sanitation, by Herbert Daw.^ Meeting At 7 p.m., the Chesterfield County Council of PTAs-PTSAs will meet at the School Administration Building, 9900 Krause Road.

^ A: The rule applies to restrictions imposed by local governments, including zoning, land-use or building regulations; by homeowner, townhome , condominium or cooperative association rules, including deed restrictions, covenants, by-laws and similar restrictions; and by manufactured housing (mobile home) park owners and landlords, including lease restrictions.
  • Fcc Satellite Dish Network DirecTV Home Theater Cable 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.fccsatellite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Likewise, if the landlord or association regulates other uses of the exclusive use area (e.g., banning grills on balconies), that does not affect the viewer’s rights under the Commission’s rule.
  • Fcc Satellite Dish Network DirecTV Home Theater Cable 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.fccsatellite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(J. BT.)


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


among the Jews was suited to the climate and conditions of the country. .They probably adopted the kind of architecture for their dwellings which they found already existing when they entered Canaan (Deut 6:10; Num 13:19).^ Also, I’ve recently ditched the IE6 png fix behavior scripts – I’ve found they kind of bog the page down.
  • From PSD to HTML, Building a Set of Website Designs Step by Step - Nettuts+ 12 October 2009 10:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ China and Russia are already confident they can foil U.S. missile defenses {8}; {9}; {10}.
  • Missile Defense: Farce and Fraud 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.abolishnukes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Phoenician artists (2 Sam 5:11; 1 Kg 5:6, 18) assisted at the erection of the royal palace and the temple at Jerusalem. Foreigners also assisted at the restoration of the temple after the Exile (Ez 3:7).
In Gen 11:3, 9, we have the first recorded instance of the erection of buildings. .The cities of the plain of Shinar were founded by the descendants of Shem (10:11, 12, 22).^ Tower City 1.12 100 PM 9/11 IFLOWS Cressona 1.04 100 PM 9/11 IFLOWS Pine Grove 1.00 100 PM 9/11 IFLOWS ...
  • Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania (17013) Conditions & Forecast : Weather Underground 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.wunderground.com [Source type: General]

.The Israelites were by occupation shepherds and dwellers in tents (Gen 47:3); but from the time of their entering Canaan they became dwellers in towns, and in houses built of the native limestone of Palestine.^ Inmates will not enter or work in or near family housing areas at any time.
  • US Army Federal Civilian Inmate Labor Program 11 September 2009 7:19 UTC www.rense.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Copeland's husband mentioned to me the door landings on their prefab house kit were built from the small pile of leftover wood that they reused for the prefab modern house!

^ They could play in the Tacoma Dome until a new arena is built; anything to convert a basketball town to a hockey town!

Much building was carried on in Solomon's time. Besides the buildings he completed at Jerusalem, he also built Baalath and Tadmor (1 Kg 9:15, 24). Many of the kings of Israel and Judah were engaged in erecting various buildings.
Herod and his sons and successors restored the temple, and built fortifications and other structures of great magnificence in Jerusalem (Lk 21:5).
.The instruments used in building are mentioned as the plumb-line (Amos 7:7), the measuring-reed (Ezek 40:3), and the saw (1 Kg 7:9).^ Plumbing boots - Metal saddles used to strengthen a bearing wall/vertical stud(s) where a plumbing drain line has been cut through and installed.

^ Used on an outside bearing wall where holes are drilled to accommodate a plumbing waste line.

^ What we're building is actually the HTML that I'm using in the book to build the main example themes.
  • From PSD to HTML, Building a Set of Website Designs Step by Step - Nettuts+ 12 October 2009 10:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Believers are "God's building" (1Cor 3:9); and heaven is called "a building of God" (2Cor 5:1). .Christ is the only foundation of his church (1Cor 3:10-12), of which he also is the builder (Mt 16:18).^ Bill Fredericks, Lakeville, MN, 10/12/02 16:32:49 .
  • Metropolitan Stadium: Patchwork Glory (By Rick Prescott) 2 February 2010 17:21 UTC oldmetstadium.com [Source type: General]

^ November 07, 2007 [EnergyBlog] GREENBUILD-- Put 18,000 architects, builders and vendors in one building, when you were expecting fewer than 10,000, and you get...
  • Buildings Articles (Energy Priorities) 9 February 2010 13:013 UTC energypriorities.com [Source type: General]

^ Most churches believe that the office of apostle applied only to Christ's followers, and that there are no longer apostles.
  • What is the Church? 11 September 2009 23:39 UTC geneva.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)

Simple English

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Building may be a noun or a verb. Building is one of the most ancient human skills. It is part of how we have survived and it is the clearest symbol of every civilization. Although some other animals build simple structures, e.g. birds, ants and bees, humans have learned to build in a great many different ways, to suit different needs and local conditions. We build mostly for shelter. Buildings can shelter people, or animals, or machinery, or anything. The simplest building is just a roof, to keep the space beneath dry, or shady. Adding walls gives more shelter, from the wind or rain. It also gives security.

By putting a window in a wall, with or without glass, we let light inside the building. We leave a hole somewhere big enough to go in and out, with a door which can be opened and closed. Often the door will have a lock, so the building can be left secure.

If a building is to last for a long time, it must have a foundation. This is like the root of a tree, which is sunk in the ground and supports the walls. If the ground is soft, the foundation must be very deep and strong.

If a building is high enough, it can have more than one floor. People can climb from one floor to the next by a staircase, or perhaps by a lift or elevator. This is known as going upstairs, or downstairs. Buildings can also have a floor under the ground. This is usually called a cellar or basement.

So we build shelters: places to live and to raise our young. We also build places to work and to make things, places to store things, places to sell things, places where sick people can go to be treated, places to put people who break our laws. We build to make life easier, or to make money.

But we also design some buildings for a very different reason. We build churches where a large number of people can gather to worship god or listen to what other people have to say. Until we began to build skyscrapers, churches were always the very largest, tallest buildings of all, except for castles. The biggest churches of all, cathedrals, are even bigger than most castles.

Big buildings have always symbolised power. They are built to impress and to give a focus to our cities. They are designed to make us feel small and to make those who own them appear big. Banks and governments like to build tall, impressive buildings for the same reason.

Buildings can be beautiful or ugly, exciting or boring. Architects are people trained to design buildings. There have been many good architects and also many bad ones, just as there have been good builders and bad. Architecture can be an art form. Look at the building where you are reading this. Look at the shapes and shadows. Is there enough light? Do some rooms make you feel like staying in them, while others make you want to hurry away? Do they have interesting features? Think about how you could have made the building better. Almost anybody can become an architect if they want to badly enough, but only a good architect or a good builder can make a beautiful building.

Contents

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Where people live or stay

Where people work

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 21, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Building, which are similar to those in the above article.








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