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Bujumbura
Central Bujumbura, with Lake Tanganyika in the background
Bujumbura is located in Burundi
Bujumbura
Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367
Country  Burundi
Province Bujumbura Mairie Province
Area
 - Total 86.54 km2 (33.4 sq mi)
Elevation 774 m (2,539 ft)
Population (1990)
 - Total 235,440
 Density 2,720.6/km2 (7,046.3/sq mi)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) none (UTC+2)
Website Official site

Bujumbura (pronounced /ˌbuːdʒəmˈbʊərə/; French pronunciation: [buʒumbuʁa]) is the capital city and main port of Burundi and ships most of the country's chief export, coffee, as well as cotton, skins, and tin ore. It is located on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika.

Contents

Description

Bujumbura Cathedral

The city center is a colonial town with a large market, the national stadium, a large mosque, and the cathedral for the Archdiocese of Bujumbura. Museums in the city include the Burundi Museum of Life and the Burundi Geological Museum. Other nearby attractions include the Rusizi National Park, the Livingstone-Stanley Monument at Mugere (where David Livingstone and Henry Morton Stanley visited 14 days after their first historic meeting at Ujiji in Tanzania), the presidential palace and the source of the southernmost tributary of the Nile, described locally as the source of the Nile.

Ferries sail from Bujumbura to Kigoma in Tanzania, while the city is also home to the Bujumbura International Airport and the University of Burundi.

History

Bujumbura grew from a small village after it became a military post in German East Africa in 1889. After World War I it was made the administrative center of the Belgian League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. The city's name was changed from Usumbura to Bujumbura when Burundi became independent in 1962. Since independence, Bujumbura has been the scene of frequent fighting between the country's two main ethnic groups, with Hutu militias opposing the Tutsi-dominated Burundi army.

The market in central Bujumbura.
A view of Bujumbura Beach, west of the city

Administration

Bujumbura is governed by a community council and community administrator. It is further divided into 13 communes, or neighborhoods, each with its own neighborhood council and neighborhood boss.[1]

It is also its own province, the Bujumbura Mairie Province.

Economy

Air Burundi, the national airline of Burundi, has its head office in Bujumbura.[2][3]

Climate

Bujumbura features a tropical savanna climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Its wet season is from October through April, while the dry season covers the remaining five months. Despite being located close to the equator, Bujumbura is not nearly as warm as one might expect due to its altitude. Average temperatures are constant throughout the course of the year with the high temperature at around 29°C and the low temperature at around 19°C.

Climate data for Bujumbura
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(64)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
Record low °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
13
(55)
11
(52)
13
(55)
14
(57)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
11
(52)
Precipitation mm (inches) 94
(3.7)
109
(4.29)
121
(4.76)
125
(4.92)
57
(2.24)
11
(0.43)
5
(0.2)
11
(0.43)
37
(1.46)
64
(2.52)
100
(3.94)
114
(4.49)
796
(31.34)
Source: BBC Weather [4] 2009-09-02

Education

The University of Burundi is located in Bujumbura.

Hope Africa University is located in Bujumbura

References

  1. ^ L’administration de la Municipalité de Bujumbura, official city website
  2. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 31 March - 6 April 1999. "51.
  3. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 16-22 March 2004. "- 0060.html 58."
  4. ^ "Average Conditions Bujumbura, Burundi". BBC Weather. http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT000090. Retrieved September 02 2009. 

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Africa : Central Africa : Burundi : Bujumbura

Bujumbura is the largest city and capital of Burundi.

Get in

You can get in via airport.

  • Musee Vivant, rue du 13 Octobre (heading west, just before Cercle Nautique). Small "zoo" and natural history museum. Exhibits include fish from Lake Tanganyika, crocodiles, birds, and snakes. There’s also a traditional Burundian village on the grounds. For about 2,000BFU per person, a guide will show you around. Sometimes local cultural events occur on the grounds, such as performances by the Burundian drummers.  edit
  • Rusizi National Park, RN 4 (a few miles past Club du Lac, nearly at the Congo border). See hippos and crocodiles sunning themselves on the banks of the Rusizi River. The area is also where Gustave, the world's largest Nile crocodile, has been spotted. There are also some amazing birds to be seen. For about 3,000BIF per person (plus tip) a guide and a guard will join you in the car and give you a tour of the park. You’ll stop at several points along the water to view hippos, crocodiles, and birds.  edit
  • Livingstone-Stanley Monument (La Pierre du Livingstone et Stanley), village of Mugere, about 12km south of Bujumbura on RN3. It's not the spot where Stanley said "Dr. Livingstone, I presume," but it has a gorgeous view of the lake. Livingstone and Stanley passed through the area and carved their names on a large rock.  edit
  • Association Burundaise pour la protection des Oiseaux (ABO), [1]. A local conservation group that conducts birdwatching tours of Rusizi Park and other areas. Some of their guides speak English.   edit

Culture

Many activities are organized by the Centre Culturel Francais (CCF), Chaussee Prince Louis Rwagasore, +257 222351 (City Center). Extensive monthly film, theater and music program available from their offices. CCF also offers courses in French and Kiswahili (individual and group).

Ciné Caméo (19 Avenue des Paysans),in the Asiatic quarter screens all the latest blockbusters for about 2000FBu.

Sports

Several swimming pools available for who wants to cool down from the hot days. They play a lot of soccer and are extremely good at running.

  • Entente Sportive, Av du Stade. Daily open from 07 - 19 hours, FBu 3500 (Aug. 2008). Old colonial entourage. Length of the pool 33 meters!
  • Hotel Club Lac du Tanganyika, Chaussee D'Uvira (Take route in the direction of the Border with the DRC - Gatumba), +257 250220/221, fax +257 250219, [2]. Daily open till 20 hours. FBu 4000 during the week and FBu 10000 during the weekend. Hotel pool, but in the weekends meeting point for the ex-pat community of Bujumbura. Breakfast and lunch served at the poolside. Beach nearby.

Buy

Groceries

Most of the things that one needs can be found in one of the stalls in the Central Market. Stiff bargaining is needed to get it for the right price.

Small supermarkets can be found all over town. They normally stock luxury items at a luxury price.

The largest supermarket in town is Dimitri on the little roundabout of Chaussee Prince Louis Rwagazore and Av du Congo. Do not expect too much, but Dimitri has shopping carts!

The Greek owned 'Boucherie Nouvelle' on Av du Congo is worth is worth a visit. Always busy, but then it offers a wide variety of meat, cheese and charcuterie. Opposite the butcher you find vendors with exclusive and rare vegetables and in the rainy season wild mushrooms of all kinds. Be prepared for a real hassle and 'persusive' sales techniques.

  • The best place to buy souvenirs is the small curio market on Av de Stade.
  • Another small curio market is found on Chaussee Prince Louis Rwagazore, opposite Library St. Paul.

Eat

Bujumbura is most likely the best place to enjoy the French/Belgium colonial food in East Africa. The people in Bujumbura love their food and enjoy eating out with friends or family. A beef or fish brochette, chips or fried plantain and a fresh salad is available in all restaurants. But take your time. All food is freshly prepared and the cooks take time. Waiting an hour before the food arrives is certainly not abnormal.

Restaurants are scattered all over town, but the best are located in Rohero and Kiriri.

Some traditional restaurants that are worth a visit are:

  • Belvedere, Avenue de Belvedere. Dining with a superb view over the city. Also open for lunch.
  • BBQ, Avenue Muyinga. Interesting menu and cosy ambiance.
  • Chez Andre, Chaussee Prince Louis Rwagasore. Once the best in town, but can no longer compete.
  • Pont Muha, (continue Bld de la Liberte till you reach the river Muha). Best brochettes in town. If you are hungry take the brochette Hoteliere.
  • Cercle Nautique de Bujumbura, Avenue de la Plage. The food is nothing to impressed with, but the views (on a clear day) on Lake Tanganyika and the mountains of Congo (DRC) are unforgettable. (closed at the moment July 2009)
  • Le Cayor, Chaussee Prince Louis Rwagasore (Opposite Centre Culturel Francais). Busy for lunch. General Burundian dishes, but also Cameroonian food.
  • Ubuntu, Avenue de la Plage. Nice garden restaurant with the best pizza's from Bujumbura. The garden also houses several turtles and has some resident Uganda Cranes.

Other restaurants:

  • Restaurant "chez Vaya"Traditional Greek Kitchen old from 1989 With Panoramic View Tel (257) 22228231 Mob (257) 79921191 E-mail: vayaburundi@yahoo.fr[3]
  • Le safran, Av Kukiko 38 (Rohero II), +257 22 213 999, [4]. 8-1430 / 18-22:30. Le Safran, Av. Kukiko 38 (Rohero II), ☎ +257 22 213 999, [new]. 8-1430 / 18-2230. At Av. Kukiko in quartier Rohero II you'll find this quality restaurant with a buffet every friday evening. The cozy bar with pooltable has a happy hour between 18:00 and 19:00 hours. medium. medium.  edit(closed at the moment July 2009)
  • Shanghai, Avenue Muyinga (coming from the central market, take the Chaussée Prince Louis Rwagasore and turn left just before the Alimentation Escale du Bien - it's about 600 m up the Av. Muyinga, opposite a kindergarten). Best Chinese in town. Very fast service (in and out in less than an hour), also open for lunch.
  • Khana Khazana, 2 Avenue de Juillet (MR Anis lakhani), 0025778786786. Some of the best Indian food anywhere. number one in buja, MONDAY CLOSED  edit
  • Habesha, Avenue Rukonwe (near the PSG Office). Good Ethiopian food.  edit
  • Le Safran, Av. Kunkiko 38 (Rohero II), +257 22 213 999, [5]. 8-1430 / 18-2230. At Av. Kunkiko in quartier Rohero II you'll find this quality restaurant with a buffet every friday evening and Sunday afternoon and evening. The cozy bar with a colourfull dans-night on Friday has a happy hour between 18:00 and 19:00 hours. medium.  edit

Several bars are located on Av de l'Universite (between Bld de l'Independence and Blv Mao Tse Tung). For an upclass drink with the 'ladies' one best goes to the bar of the Novotel.

The best known places for a transnight dance are l'Archipel and Havana. L'Archipel can be found at Blv de la Liberté and Havana is located on Blv de Uprona (around the corner of the Novotel).

  • Hotel Amahoro, Av Industrial, [6]. in the center US$40-80.  edit
  • Vaya Hotel, (257) 22228231 (), [7]. Vaya Hotel  edit
  • Novotel (approx 100 USD).
  • Hotel de L'Amitie (approx 50 USD ) in the centre of town.
  • Hotel Club du Lac Tanganyika on the lake a 90 ish USD.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia

English

Proper noun

Bujumbura

  1. The capital of Burundi.

Simple English

Bujumbura
Coordinates: 3°22′34″S 29°21′36″E / 3.37611°S 29.36°E / -3.37611; 29.36
Country Burundi
Founded 1889
Independence 1962
Elevation 794 m (2,605 ft)
Population (2001)
 - Total 346,000
Time zone Central African Time (UTC+2)

Bujumbura is the capital city of Burundi. The city is at the northeastern corner of Lake Tanganyika. It is the largest city in the country. The city is the administrative, communications, and economic center of Burundi. Bujumbura has a population of about 324,000 people. The city makes textiles, soap and other things. Bujumbura is Burundi's main port. It transports most of the country's main export, coffee, as well as cotton, animal skins, and tin ore.

The city center is a colonial town. It has a large market, the national stadium, a large mosque, and a cathedral. Museums in the city include the Burundi Museum of Life and the Burundi Geological Museum. Other things to see include the Rusizi National Park.

Ferries sail from Bujumbura to Kigoma in Tanzania. The city is also home to the Bujumbura International Airport and the University of Bujumbura.

History

Bujumbura grew from a small village after it became a military post in German East Africa in 1889 . After World War I, it was made the administrative center of the Belgian controlled Ruanda-Urundi. The city's name was changed from Usumbura to Bujumbura when Burundi became independent in 1962 . Since independence, Bujumbura has been the scene of much fighting between the country's two main ethnic groups, with Hutu militias fighting against the Burundi army which has many Tutsi people in it.

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