# Bullet: Wikis

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# Encyclopedia

A bullet is a projectile propelled by a firearm, sling, or air gun. A bullet does not contain explosives, but damages the intended target by its impact or penetration. .The word "bullet" is sometimes used to refer to ammunition generally, or to a cartridge, which is a combination of the bullet, casing/shell, powder, and primer.^ You're probably using smokeless powder and cupro-nickel jacketed bullets.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

## History

.
Lead sling bullets with a winged thunderbolt engraved on one side and the inscription "Take that" on the other side.
^ I find it hard to believe that someone can from one side of there mouth advocate the right to keep and bare arms and from the other make statements like that.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The term "assault rifle" is a term coined by the gun grabbers of the U.S. Assualt is an action and just like any other firearm the person is the one that takes the action not the weapon!
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ "A democracy is nothing more than mob rule, where fifty-one percent of the people may take away the rights of the other forty-nine" .
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

4th century BC. From Athens.
Matchlock musket balls, alleged to have been discovered at Naseby battlefield. From the collection of Northampton Museum and Art Gallery.
The history of bullets far predates the history of firearms. .Originally, bullets were metallic or stone balls used in a sling as a weapon and for hunting.^ I think the more people who use these "evil assault weapons" for legitimate hunting purposes the more accepted they will become.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Funny I just hunt with it, but now I can be labeled a terrorist because terrorist use sniper weapons.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I have absolutely no respect for the author of this article and he has no right to try and dictate as to what weapon I choose to use for hunting.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Eventually as firearms were developed these same items were placed in front of an explosive charge of gun powder at the end of a closed tube. As firearms became more technologically advanced, from 1500 to 1800, bullets changed very little. They remained simple round (spherical) lead balls, called rounds, differing only in their diameter
.The development of the hand culverin and matchlock arquebus brought about the use of cast lead balls as projectiles.^ What about the tradition of blackpowder and cast lead bullets?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

"Bullet" is derived from the French word boulette which roughly means little ball. .The original musket bullet was a spherical lead ball smaller than the bore, wrapped in a loosely-fitted paper patch which served to hold the bullet in the barrel firmly upon the powder.^ I think we should revert all "sporting arms" definitions to include only black powder and lead cast bullets ignited by flint.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ My 1/8 twist barrels will send a 72 grain bullet a hell of a lot farther and more accurately than your 1/12 barrel will send a 40 grain bullet.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

(Bullets that were not firmly upon the powder upon firing risked causing the barrel to explode, with the condition known as a short start.) .The loading of muskets was, therefore, easy with the old smooth-bore Brown Bess and similar military muskets.^ Should I then turn in my Pattern 1853 rifled musket and My Brown Bess as well, to satisfy Mr. Zumbo's irrational fear of A-salt rifles?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The old flintlock "Brown Bess" was the assault weapon that set this country on the road to freedom.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The original muzzle-loading rifle, on the other hand, with a more closely fitting ball to take the rifling grooves, was more difficult to load, particularly when the bore of the barrel was fouled from previous firings.^ As many others have said, your high-powered, scoped hunting rifle is far more accurate at distance then most semi-auto "assault rifles".
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ You must take great pride in owning and maintaining a quality piece of equipment and in being more than capable of making a difficult shot at distance.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ To this day it has been the most accurate open sighted rifles I have ever fired, and if you put a scope on the AR-15, it is even more accurate.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.For this reason, early rifles were not generally used for military purposes.^ The bolt rifle was developed for use by the military.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I have no use for any "Remchester" hunting rifle, but I would never condemn anyone for having one, nor would I advocate banning them for any reason.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ If ARs are "terrorist" rifles then I guess all the men and women of the US military are terrorists since thats what they use.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

The first half of the nineteenth century saw a distinct change in the shape and function of the bullet. .In 1826, Delvigne, a French infantry officer, invented a breech with abrupt shoulders on which a spherical bullet was rammed down until it caught the rifling grooves.^ Rifle can be on shoulder, hammer down on empty chamber.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The muzzle loading rifle itself was the assault weapon in the 18th century up until it was replaced with breech loading weapons in the latter half of the 19th century.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Delvigne's method, however, deformed the bullet and was inaccurate.

### Pointed bullets

.Among the first pointed or "conical" bullets were those designed by Captain John Norton of the British Army in 1823. Norton's bullet had a hollow base which upon firing expanded under pressure to engage with a barrel's rifling.^ It's bullets are designed to tumble instead of expand.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Sure ban those evil looking rifles that were specifically designed to hurt kids and upset the Oprah Winfrey fan base and we all knew they would never stop there.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ This is exactly the approach used in Australia and the UK. Your scoped sniper rifles with their armor piercing bullets should be amoungst the first to go.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The British Board of Ordnance rejected it because spherical bullets had been in use for the last 300 years.^ Just because weaapons have improved over the last 231 years dosn't mean that its not our right to own these arms.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Last time I went, I used my FAL. The FAL has a 20 round magazine, not because I was "spraying and praying," but because that's what the rifle was designed for, and they function the best.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ What with the quality problems that Remy has suffered over the last few years, then they have some hack questioning uses of a type of rifle.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.Renowned English gunsmith William Greener invented the Greener bullet in 1836. It was very similar to Norton's bullet except that the hollow base of the bullet was fitted with a wooden plug which more reliably forced the base of the bullet to expand and catch the rifling.^ Apparently you believe that a bullet from an assault weapon is more sinister than a bullet from your sniper rifle?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I understand that using a combat rifle of this type does not FORCE a hunter to hunt impulsively, but the vast majority of hunters will be better served with a gun (like a bolt, lever or single shot) that is likely lighter and more reliable anyway.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Are our forces overseas and here that are protecting our freedoms with these Stoner based rifles, Terrorists?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Tests proved that Greener's bullet was extremely effective but it too was rejected for military use because, being two parts, it was judged as being too complicated to produce.^ Is it because the design was orginally for military use?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Because that gun was used by military forces and your gun is basically the same thing as theirs.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ This big hammer is heavy and sometimes clumsy to use, but extremely effective when it comes into contact with the enemy.
• AQ Weapon List 21 January 2010 19:26 UTC www.battleon.com [Source type: General]

Minié ball ammunition
The soft lead Minié ball was first introduced in 1847 by Claude Étienne Minié (1814? – 1879), a captain in the French Army. It was nearly identical to the Greener bullet. .As designed by Minié, the bullet was conical in shape with a hollow cavity in the rear, which was fitted with a little iron cap instead of a wooden plug.^ It's bullets are designed to tumble instead of expand.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.When fired, the iron cap would force itself into the hollow cavity at the rear of the bullet, thereby expanding the sides of the bullet to grip and engage the rifling.^ If that 7.62 or 5.56 was fired from a Ruger bolt-action would you still consider it an assault rifle?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ What would you say if you saw a bolt action rifle bedded in a synthetic pistol grip stock that held 20 rounds of ammunition?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ And Assault Rifle is, BY DEFINITION, select fire, and I know of not one single hunter who would use such a firearm for hunting.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.In 1855, the British adopted the Minié ball for their Enfield rifles.^ Maybe I will just hunt with my old style "assault rifle" this year (Enfield .303 British) and spend my money on a new AR15.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The Minié ball first saw widespread use in the American Civil War.^ What was used during the Civil War?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The Civil War was fought and won (and lost) largely using muzzle-loading firearms.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ If you'll recall, bolt actions were used in the first and second world wars to kill people.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Roughly 90% of the battlefield casualties in this war were caused by Minié balls fired from rifles.
.Between 1854 and 1857, Sir Joseph Whitworth conducted a long series of rifle experiments, and proved, among other points, the advantages of a smaller bore and, in particular, of an elongated bullet.^ You will need all the support of the other shooters when the "deadly long range sniping rifles" that you use come under attack.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Apart from the valid points brought up by others regarding our 2nd amendment rights, you sir exhibit an appalling ignorance of the hunting community.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Remington's synthetic stocked black 700 series long-range sniper rifles are capable of killing children at 100s of yards in the hands of terrorists!
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The Whitworth bullet was made to fit the grooves of the rifle mechanically.^ Some of these firearms are made to look like a military-style weapon but are mechanically indistinguishable from the traditional-looking deer rifle.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The Whitworth rifle was never adopted by the government, although it was used extensively for match purposes and target practice between 1857 and 1866, when it was gradually superseded by Metford's.^ I have no use for any "Remchester" hunting rifle, but I would never condemn anyone for having one, nor would I advocate banning them for any reason.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I find highly disconcerting that an avid hunter, which has NEVER used an AR-15, would call the rifle a "terrorist" weapon.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ They are used to hunt, compet in target practice or protect innocent life, among many other wholesome and useful purposes...and you say that makes them "TERRORIST WEAPONS"?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.About 1862 and later, W. E. Metford carried out an exhaustive series of experiments on bullets and rifling, and invented the important system of light rifling with increasing spiral, and a hardened bullet.^ I carried this rifle through 7 years of service and know it top to bottom, inside and out!
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ You people who call these rifles "terrorist" rifles or there "bullets" cop killers need to pull you heads out of your a\$\$es.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

The combined result was that in December 1888 the Lee-Metford small-bore (0.303", 7.70 mm) rifle, Mark I, (photo of cartridge on right) was finally adopted for the British army. The Lee-Metford was the predecessor of the Lee-Enfield.

### The modern bullet

.270 ammunition. Left to Right:
100-grain (6.5 g) – Hollow Point
115-grain (7.5 g) – FMJBT
130-grain (8.4 g) – Soft point,
150-grain (9.7 g) – round nose.
.303 inch (7.7 mm) centrefire, FMJ rimmed ammunition
The next important change in the history of the rifle bullet occurred in 1883, when Major Rubin, director of the Swiss Laboratory at Thun, invented the copper jacketed bullet—an elongated bullet with a lead core in a copper coating.
The surface of lead bullets fired at high velocity may melt due to hot gases behind and friction with the bore. Because copper has a higher melting point, and greater specific heat capacity and hardness, copper jacketed bullets allow greater muzzle velocities.
European advances in aerodynamics led to the pointed spitzer bullet. By the beginning of the twentieth century, most world armies had begun to transition to spitzer bullets. .These bullets flew for greater distances more accurately and carried more energy with them.^ As many others have said, your high-powered, scoped hunting rifle is far more accurate at distance then most semi-auto "assault rifles".
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ My 1/8 twist barrels will send a 72 grain bullet a hell of a lot farther and more accurately than your 1/12 barrel will send a 40 grain bullet.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ As people, we don't need the image of walking around the woods carrying a gun filled with these bullets.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Spitzer bullets combined with machine guns greatly increased the lethality of the battlefield.
The final advancement in bullet shape was the boat tail, a streamlined base for spitzer bullets. The vacuum created as air moves at high speed passes over the end of a bullet slows the projectile. The streamlined boat tail design reduces this form drag by allowing the air to flow along the surface of the tapering end. The resulting aerodynamic advantage is currently seen as the optimum shape for rifle technology. .The first combination spitzer and boat-tail bullet, named Balle "D" from its inventor (a lieutenant-colonel Desaleux) , was introduced as standard military ammunition in 1901, for the French Lebel Model 1886 rifle .^ They just arbitrarily banned combined features on a single model of rifle.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

## Design

A modern cartridge consists of the following:
1. the bullet itself, which serves as the projectile;
2. the case, which holds all parts together;
3. the propellant, for example gunpowder or cordite;
5. the primer, which ignites the propellant.
Bullet designs have to solve two primary problems. .They must first form a seal with the gun's bore.^ When the gun grabbers want to eliminate a firearm, they first deamonize it by giving it a scary name, like "assault rifle", or "sniper rifle".
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ We as American citizens must be vigilant and not let gun control get any footing not for the “assault weapons” today but for the bolt actions that they come for 10 years after.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ First they severely limited civillian owned machine guns(1934,1986).
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

The worse the seal, the more gas from the propellant charge leaks past the bullet—reducing efficiency. .The bullet must also engage the rifling without damaging the gun's bore.^ Are you so shallow to think that if it happens to look like a military gun it must be an assault rifle?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Tens of millions of US gun owners own such rifles and shoot them legally without hurting others - many of them are law enforcement and veterans!
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Bullets must have a surface which will form this seal without causing excessive friction. What happens to a bullet inside the bore is termed internal ballistics. A bullet must also be consistent with the next bullet so that shots may be fired precisely.
Once it leaves the barrel, it is governed by external ballistics. Here, the bullet's shape is important for aerodynamics, as is the rotation imparted by the rifling. Rotational forces stabilize the bullet gyroscopically as well as aerodynamically. Any asymmetry in the bullet is largely canceled as it spins. .With smooth-bore firearms, a spherical shape was optimum because no matter how it was oriented, it presented a uniform front.^ A gun is a gun no matter how it is made.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ 'AR-15's'...are one of the main reasons that I dropped my subscription to OL and will not review it...no matter how many solicitations they send me!
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Please, withdraw this comment immediately, admit you over- reacted and admit that a hunting gun is a hunting gun no matter what it looks like or how big its magazine is.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.These unstable bullets tumbled erratically, but the aerodynamic shape changed little giving moderate accuracy.^ Give me a little time and maybe I discover a few more detriments, there's bound to be plenty more where these came from.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Generally, bullet shapes are a compromise between aerodynamics, interior ballistics necessities, and terminal ballistics requirements. Another method of stabilization is for the center of mass of the bullet to be as far forward as practical as in the Minié ball or the shuttlecock. This allows the bullet to fly front-forward by means of aerodynamics.
.See Terminal ballistics and/or Stopping power for an overview of how bullet design affects what happens when a bullet hits something, and how this is affected by its design.^ You can read these posts (you won't) and see how deep you stepped into it but for now, just stop writing about firearms.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Chrono Blades have a chance to stop your enemy in time for one turn if both hits of its powerful special attack connect!
• AQ Weapon List 21 January 2010 19:26 UTC www.battleon.com [Source type: General]

^ From 223Remington, to 6.5Grendel, or something like 50Beowulf, you can pack enough energy with the right bullet design to be a responsible hunter.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

What happens to the bullet is dictated as much by what it hits and how it hits, as by the bullet itself (just like how its interaction with air was critical in external ballistics). Bullets are generally designed to penetrate, deform, and/or break apart. For a given material and bullet, which of these happens is determined especially by the strike velocity.
Actual bullet shapes are many and varied, and an array of them can be found in any reloading manual that sells bullet moulds. .RCBS, one of many makers, offers many different designs, starting with the basic round ball.^ I know MANY hunters who use AR's for hunting and what is the difference between an AR that uses a 223 round or a bolt action rifle that uses that same round?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.With a mould, bullets can be made at home for reloading one's own ammunition, where local laws allow.^ And of course the big one, if the ar-15 has no place in hunting, then the general population really should not be allowed to own one!
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I own military/law enforcement style weapons save for one turkey gun given as a gift.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ If the government is allowed to further decide what an appropriate firearm is for a citizen to bear, one day we'll find ourselves the not-so-proud owners of Daisy BB guns and our days of meticulously handloading our own ammunition will be long gone.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Hand-casting, however, is only time- and cost-effective for solid lead bullets. .Cast and jacketed bullets are also commercially available from numerous manufacturers for hand loading and are much more convenient than casting bullets from bulk lead.^ Don't more people die at the hands of drunk drivers than as the result of the use of "assault weapons" ?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ A pistol grip provides a much more natural hand position.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Apparently you believe that a bullet from an assault weapon is more sinister than a bullet from your sniper rifle?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

## Materials

Bullets for black powder, or muzzle loading firearms, were classically molded from pure lead. .This worked well for low speed bullets, fired at velocities of less than 300 m/s (1000 ft/s).^ Let me tell you after some trigger work, it's a tack driver firing at bolt action speed.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ An "ASSAULT" rifle, is a rifle fireing an intermediate sized cartridge [smaller than a rifle, larger than a pistol], with a selector switch allowing FULLY auto fire, as well as semi-auto fire.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ As AR15 owners we will accept nothing less than Zumbo being fired.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

For slightly higher speed bullets fired in modern firearms, a harder alloy of lead and tin or typesetter's lead (used to mold Linotype) works very well. For even higher speed bullet use, jacketed coated lead bullets are used. .The common element in all of these, lead, is widely used because it is very dense, thereby providing a high amount of mass—and thus, kinetic energy—for a given volume.^ Given that they can be used for very fine target work or horrible acts of violence and mayhem at the will of the operator.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ On the other hand, not a peep from Jim in response to all these posts, speaks volumes...
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ AR-15 rifles and AK type rifles to be very good weapons to hunt game with...those who think we are terrorists because we use these weapons need to be educated...
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Lead is also cheap, easy to obtain, easy to work, and melts at a low temperature, making it easy to use in fabricating bullets.^ As for classification of terrorists, I use a box cutter everyday at work, does that make me a terrorist because they used box cutters on 9-11-01?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.It might also be noted that lead is toxic, making it an even more dangerous weapon.^ Far more deadly than a handgun or even the mild "intermediate" cartridge offered for most "assault weapons".
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ People who don't think assault weapons are more dangerous are fools.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Jake writes: People who don't think assault weapons are more dangerous are fools.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I think we should revert all "sporting arms" definitions to include only black powder and lead cast bullets ignited by flint.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Nobody needs anything more than a 20 to 1 cast lead slug.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.At speeds of greater than 300 m/s (1000 ft/s) (common in most handguns), lead is deposited in rifled bores at an ever-increasing rate.^ AR-15 variants are now the most common centerfire rifle in the United States.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ So you have a higher risk of wounding an animal with a handgun than with a much more powerful rifle.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Far more deadly than a handgun or even the mild "intermediate" cartridge offered for most "assault weapons".
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Alloying the lead with a small percentage of tin and/or antimony serves to reduce this effect, but grows less effective as velocities are increased. .A cup made of harder metal, such as copper, placed at the base of the bullet and called a gas check, is often used to decrease lead deposits by protecting the rear of the bullet against melting when fired at higher pressures, but this too does not solve the problem at higher velocities.
• Jacketed Lead: Bullets intended for even higher-velocity applications generally have a lead core that is jacketed or plated with cupronickel, copper alloys, or steel; a thin layer of harder metal protects the softer lead core when the bullet is passing through the barrel and during flight, which allows delivering the bullet intact to the target.^ It also is useful against energy and fire elementals.
• AQ Weapon List 21 January 2010 19:26 UTC www.battleon.com [Source type: General]

^ THREADED BARREL.—The term ‘threaded barrel’ means a feature or characteristic that is designed in such a manner to allow for the attachment of a firearm as defined in section 5845(a) of the National Firearms Act (26 U.S.C. 5845(a)).’’.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ You're probably using smokeless powder and cupro-nickel jacketed bullets.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

There, the heavy lead core delivers its kinetic energy to the target. Full metal jacket bullets or Ball bullet have the front and sides of the bullet completely encased in the harder metal jacket. Some bullet jackets do not extend to the front of the bullet to aid in expansion and increase lethality. These are called soft points or hollow point bullets. Steel bullets are often plated with copper or other metals for additional corrosion resistance during long periods of storage. .Synthetic jacket materials such as nylon and Teflon have been used with limited success.
• Armor Piercing: Jacketed designs where the core material is a very hard, high-density metal such as tungsten, tungsten carbide, depleted uranium, or steel.^ Provides a single high-damage blast (almost 3 times the listed damage), and does 20% more damage to enemies reliant on metal or armor.
• AQ Weapon List 21 January 2010 19:26 UTC www.battleon.com [Source type: General]

^ You DO realize that such bolt actions were designed and used primarily for military purposes untill after WWII right?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Provides a single high-damage blast (almost 4 times the listed damage), and does 20% more damage to enemies reliant on metal or armor.
• AQ Weapon List 21 January 2010 19:26 UTC www.battleon.com [Source type: General]

A pointed tip is often used, but a flat tip on the penetrator portion is generally more effective.[1]
• Tracer: These have a hollow back, filled with a flare material. Usually this is a mixture of magnesium perchlorate, and strontium salts to yield a bright red color, although other materials providing other colors have also sometimes been used. .Tracer material burns out after a certain amount of time.^ I spent an undue amount of time trying to figure out how to respond to this.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Such ammunition is useful to the shooter as a means of verifying how close the point of aim is to the actual point of impact, and for learning how to point shoot moving targets with rifles.^ I am a target shooter and have ZERO use for your hunting rifles.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I was given an AK to learn to shoot a rifle.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Does he not know that many many thousands of AR-15 type rifles are used ethically every day for hunting and target shooting?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.This type of round is also used by all branches of the United States military in combat environments as a signaling device to friendly forces.^ Is it that it uses a round that the military uses?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ And while we are at it, what's with all this use of military cartridges and calibers?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Not only are most of these guns NEVER used in any type of 'combat' even defined in the most open of ways, but the majority of rounds fired in America are used for target shooting.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Normally it is loaded at a four to one ratio with ball ammunition and is intended to show where you are firing so friendly forces can engage the target as well.^ Have you ever even fired one ??
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Every one of your sponsors has a minimum of 1000 emails in their inbox saying they will never buy another product from them until you are fired.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The picture at the top of your blog shows you holding one of those deadly sniper rifles topped off with a high powered optical sighting device.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The flight characteristics of tracer rounds differ from normal bullets, decreasing in altitude sooner than other bullets, because of increased aerodynamic drag.
• Incendiary: These bullets are made with an explosive or flammable mixture in the tip that is designed to ignite on contact with a target.^ It is a firearm that isn't any different than any other firearm.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ We use them because they do what we want to do and they do it better than many other types of rifles.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The inline bore design of the AR allows for excellent recoil characteristics and puts me back on target quickly.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The intent is to ignite fuel or munitions in the target area, thereby adding to the destructive power of the bullet itself.
• Frangible: Designed to disintegrate into tiny particles upon impact to minimize their penetration for reasons of range safety, to limit environmental impact, or to limit the shoot-through danger behind the intended target.^ You doofuses would probalby wet yourselves if someone had posted somehting similar about the .30-06, which, by the way, was loaded with a spitzer bullet which (OMG!) is designed to yaw (not tumble you moron) when it hits its intended target.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ And Jacketed bullets, they're designed to go through an engine block!
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I also hunt with a FAL (great feral hog gun) I shoot several thousand rounds a year through them at the range for an enjoyable hobby.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

An example is the Glaser Safety Slug.
• Non Toxic: Bismuth, tungsten, steel, and other exotic bullet alloys prevent release of toxic lead into the environment. .Regulations in several countries mandate the use of non-toxic projectiles especially when hunting waterfowl.^ Consider that when you speak out against non-hunting uses of firearms, because you have even less protection for your use than I do for mine.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Plus I know of several close friends that use sks to hunt with.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ In this country, if the pursuit of happiness includes using, OR NOT USING, a particular style of rifle for your hunting, then go forth and please yourself.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.It has been found that birds swallow small lead shot for their gizzards to grind food (as they would swallow pebbles of similar size), and the effects of lead poisoning by constant grinding of lead pellets against food means lead poisoning effects are magnified.^ I wish they would ban sniper rifles too....I mean your bolt gun.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I mean, as we all know, if we gave select fire weapons to legal gun owners they would *instantly* become murderous, indiscriminate killers right?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Such concerns apply primarily to shotguns, firing pellets (shot) and not bullets, but reduction of hazardous substances (RoHS) legislation has also been applied to bullets on occasion to reduce the impact of lead on the environment at shooting ranges.
• Practice: Made from lightweight materials like rubber, Wax, wood, plastic, or lightweight metal, practice bullets are intended for short-range target work, only.^ The only rational idea (I said rational not necessarily good) concerning AR's would be to limit the magazine capacity for all hunting rifles, as is done with shotguns for waterfowl.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Semi auto, magazine fed weapons such as the AR-15 platform are prevalent in many aspects of the hunting and target shooting community, from the Civilian Marksmanship Program to the deer stand, the AR has made significant impact on the entire industry.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Not only are most of these guns NEVER used in any type of 'combat' even defined in the most open of ways, but the majority of rounds fired in America are used for target shooting.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Because of their weight and low velocity, they have limited range.
• Less Lethal, or Less than Lethal: Rubber bullets, plastic bullets, and beanbags are designed to be non-lethal, for example for use in riot control.^ My Remington Police 700 LTR is less useful than super long hunting guns (for hunting) but I am not Mr. I dislike buying a weapon for single purpose.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Consider that when you speak out against non-hunting uses of firearms, because you have even less protection for your use than I do for mine.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Because an average joe can get himself into a "tackdriving" .223 for significantly less than a high end "hunting" rifle.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.They are generally low velocity and are fired from shotguns, grenade launchers, paint ball guns, or specially-designed firearms and air gun devices.
• Blanks: Wax, paper, plastic, and other materials are used to simulate live gunfire and are intended only to hold the powder in a blank cartridge and to produce noise.^ It is how a firearm or other item is used.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ We use them because they do what we want to do and they do it better than many other types of rifles.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I would not be the least concerned about the type of weapon they used to hunt with, only their acumen, skill and regard for their safety and the safety of others around them.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

The "bullet" may be captured in a purpose-designed device or it may be allowed to expend what little energy it has in the air. .Some blank cartridges are crimped or closed at the end and do not contain any bullet.
• Blended-Metal: Bullets made using cores made powdered metals other than lead with binder.^ We use them because they do what we want to do and they do it better than many other types of rifles.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ You're probably using smokeless powder and cupro-nickel jacketed bullets.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Even some others that have responded have called their semiauto an assault rifle and an M1A would not be considered an assault rifle because it's cartridge does not follow the criteria for the definition of an assault rifle.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Sometimes sintered.
• Exploding: Similar to the incendiary bullet, this type of projectile is designed to explode upon hitting a hard surface, preferably the bone of the intended target.^ You doofuses would probalby wet yourselves if someone had posted somehting similar about the .30-06, which, by the way, was loaded with a spitzer bullet which (OMG!) is designed to yaw (not tumble you moron) when it hits its intended target.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Not to be mistaken for cannon rounds or grenade with fuse devices, these bullets have only a cavity filled with a small amount of low explosive depending on the velocity and deformation upon impact to detonate.^ Only once in my life have I ever seen anyone using one of these bullets.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Not only are most of these guns NEVER used in any type of 'combat' even defined in the most open of ways, but the majority of rounds fired in America are used for target shooting.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ As people, we don't need the image of walking around the woods carrying a gun filled with these bullets.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Usually produced for hunting airguns with the intent of increasing the bullets effectiveness.

## Treaties

.The Hague Convention prohibits certain kinds of ammunition for use by uniformed military personnel against the uniformed military personnel of opposing forces.^ Because that gun was used by military forces and your gun is basically the same thing as theirs.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Force manufacturers to build only military style arms that can be used in the defense of life and liberty.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Not only that but these rifles use ammunition that’s been banned by the Geneva Conventions.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

These include projectiles which explode within an individual, poisoned and expanding bullets. .Nothing in these treaties prohibits incendiary bullets (tracers) or the use of prohibited bullets on military equipment.^ Only once in my life have I ever seen anyone using one of these bullets.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ By showing your ignorance, you would see a serious curtailing of the firearms industry by prohibiting the use of these types of firearms.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Some folks still use military rifles of these calibers in the pursuit of deer sized game.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

These treaties apply even to .22 LR bullets used in pistols, rifles and machine guns. .Hence, the High Standard HDM pistol, a .22 LR suppressed pistol, had special bullets developed for it during World War II that were full metal jacketed, in place of the hollow-point bullets that are otherwise ubiquitous for .22 LR rounds.^ How about Banning the 22 lr because it causes more property damage than all other rounds combined?
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Its regular attack damage may not be that high, but it hits three times during its special attack and this happens quite often!
• AQ Weapon List 21 January 2010 19:26 UTC www.battleon.com [Source type: General]

## Figurative uses

The word for the bullet, usually because of its speed, is sometimes used figuratively, e.g.:
• The Japanese Bullet Trains.
• The expression "bullet-headed" for a dolichocephalic shape of an animal's head.
• The term silver bullet, an extremely effective solution to a problem, comes from the modern addition to werewolf folklore that the monster is highly vulnerable to firearms using silver ammunition.
• The phrase "biting the bullet", meaning (usually mental) preparation for an unpleasant task or experience, refers to a patient biting on a lead bullet put between his back teeth to brace himself for a painful medical procedure (such as the removal of a bullet or amputation of a limb) before the advent of anesthesia. .This was frequently done on or behind a battlefield, where bullets would be readily available.
• In horse racing, each track marks its fastest training session each day with a bullet in that horse's past performances.
• In motion pictures (including television, narrative film and motion pictures and gameplay within videogames), bullet time is a digitally enhanced shot in which, first, the film's speed is reduced to extreme slow motion or, sometimes, to a static frame, and then, second, the camera rotates around the scene at normal speed, providing the viewer with a glimpse of the action from many different angles.^ I can't believe that in times like these when we face anti-gun sentiment everywhere, that anyone within "our community" would make such a statement.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The very first time I ever shot a rifle at 100 yards, it was an SKS/AK style rifle.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I fail to see the difference to the coyote or prarie dog if it gets shot with an AR15 firing a .223 caliber round, or a bolt-action Remington 700 firing a .223 caliber round.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Bullet time allows the viewer to capture action s/he would not be able to see in detail at normal speeds.^ It would be nice to see you answer all the people who have taken the time to write.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Zumbo, now would be a good time to unzip your trousers and check to see whether your gear is intact.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ If he had spent ANY time with someone owning an AR-15 and seeing how accurate they can be for dispatching varmints, he would have done a writeup in your magazine.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.It also allows the viewer to see this action from many angles that would be otherwise hidden from view.^ Many of them would like to see them banned as well.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I know some who view synthetic stocks as non-traditional, and would like to see them banned.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Under normal filming conditions, the person shooting the scene would have to choose one angle from which to shoot the action.^ An "AR" is not my choice for hunting, but I sure would not "put down" anyone that chooses to use one for hunting.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Within the next couple years I plan on purchasing an over-under shotgun for hunting and a bolt-action rifle for long range shooting.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The term "assault rifle" is a term coined by the gun grabbers of the U.S. Assualt is an action and just like any other firearm the person is the one that takes the action not the weapon!
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Camera rotations in bullet time may vary from a relatively small angle, such as 90°, to a full 360°.^ Besides, the second amendment is commonly interpreted to mean average joe can arm himself for such a time that rising against the government may be necessary.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

The bullet time technique is often used in videogames as a convention that allows the player special abilities, such as the ability to slow down time and gain the advantage from this. The term, "bullet time," was first used in reference to the film, The Matrix, that used this technique to create a slow motion shot of a series of fired bullets in which the camera circled around the bullets and their intended target.
• The famous expression "catching a bullet in his teeth" comes from reports of famous sleight-of-hand magician Benjamin Perry Covington who was said to have caught three bullets in his teeth fired from three different guns fired by volunteers in a New York magic act in the early 1920s.
• The expression "Shooting Blanks" is derived from blank rounds, which have no projectile akin to a male who is sterile. Meaning that the semen contains no viable sperm, thus unable to reproduce. While a blank has no projectile, meaning that it is usually not deadly.

## References

1. ^ Hughes, David (1990). The History and Development of the M16 Rifle and Its Cartridge. Oceanside: Armory Pub. ISBN 9780962609602.
2. ^ Bullet Basics 1- Materials; Remington Accelerator (at bottom of page)
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

# 1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

### From LoveToKnow 1911

BULLET (Fr. boulet, diminutive of boule, ball). .The original meaning (a "small ball") has, since the end of the 16th century, been narrowed down to the special case of the projectile used with small arms of all kinds, irrespective of its size or shape.^ If ARs are "terrorist" rifles then I guess all the men and women of the US military are terrorists since thats what they use.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I've used these rifles to drop numerous species of deer and a passel of feral hogs ranging in size from 120lb to over 500lbs - all on foot and most within 50 yards.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ All FIVE of my AR-15 rifles must be broken since not one has ever been used to commit and act of terrorism.
• Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

(For details see AMMUNITION; GUN; RIFLE, &C.)

# Simple English

Bullets are small metal objects fired from guns. They are usually made from lead covered with copper, and are propelled by a small explosion. A powder called gunpowder is put inside the shell and makes the explosion which causes the bullet to be propelled forward. The bullet is put in front of the cartridge, so that when the gunpowder explodes, the bullet is forced out at high speed. Bullets have many uses but are mostly used as a weapon in war, for hunting animals for food or as a sport, and for shooting targets.

## Design

```has these parts:1. the bullet itself, which is the projectile; 2. the case, which holds all parts together; 3. the propellant, for example gunpowder or cordite;4. the rim, part of the casing used for loading; 5. the percussion cap or primer, which ignites the propellant.]]
```

Bullet designs have to solve two primary problems. They must form a seal with the gun's bore (inner surface of barrel). If a strong seal is not achieved, gas from the propellant charge leaks past the bullet, reducing efficiency. The bullet must also engage the rifling (spiral marks on barrel) without damaging the gun's bore. Bullets must have a surface which will form this seal without causing excessive friction. These interactions between bullet and bore are termed 'internal ballistics'. Bullets must be produced to a high standard, as surface imperfections can affect firing accuracy.

The physics affecting the bullet once it leaves the barrel, is called 'external ballistics'. The primary factors affecting the aerodynamics of a bullet in flight are the bullet's shape and the rotation imparted by the rifling of the gun barrel. Rotational forces stabilize the bullet gyroscopically as well as aerodynamically (spinning keeps it on track). Any asymmetry in the bullet is largely canceled as it spins. With smooth-bore firearms, a spherical shape was optimum because no matter how it was oriented, it presented a uniform front. These unstable bullets tumbled erratically and provided only moderate accuracy, however the aerodynamic shape changed little for centuries.

Bullet design affects what happens when a bullet hits an object. The make-up and density of the target material, the angle of incidence, and the velocity and make-up of the bullet itself are all factors. Bullets are generally designed to penetrate, deform, and/or break apart. For a given material and bullet, the strike velocity is the primary factor determining the result.

A basic equation of Kinetic energy goes: :$E_k =\tfrac\left\{1\right\}\left\{2\right\} mv^2$ (Kinetic energy = ½mass x velocity2)

Because of this dynamic equation, design has tried (and succeeded) to increase bullet speed and reduce bullet weight. Modern hand weapons, shorts and longs, take much lighter bullets, and shoot them much faster than was the case in WWI. This wins on two counts. The magazine holds more of the smaller, lighter bullets, and the increased speed causes much more damage than the old-style bullets.

Actual bullet shapes are many and varied, and an array of them can be found in any reloading manual that sells bullet moulds. Mould manufacturers such as RCBS,[1] Paul Jones Moulds, and David Mos offer many different calibers and designs. With a mould, bullets can be made at home for reloading one's own ammunition, where local laws allow.[2] Hand-casting, however, is only time- and cost-effective for solid lead bullets. Cast and jacketed bullets are also commercially available from numerous manufacturers for hand loading and are much more convenient than casting bullets from bulk lead.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

## References

1. RCBS
2. Glover, William H.. "Purposes and Basic Principles of the Law of War". Retrieved 2010-07-28.
bjn:Piluru

# Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 09, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Playboy, which are similar to those in the above article.