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Bullet (typography): Wikis

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Punctuation

apostrophe ( ' )
brackets ( [ ], ( ), { }, ⟨ ⟩ )
colon ( : )
comma ( , )
dashes ( , , , )
ellipses ( , ... )
exclamation mark ( ! )
full stop/period ( . )
guillemets ( « » )
hyphen ( -, )
question mark ( ? )
quotation marks ( ‘ ’, “ ” )
semicolon ( ; )
slash/stroke ( / )
solidus ( )
Word dividers
spaces ( ) () () ( ) () () ()
interpunct ( · )
General typography
ampersand ( & )
at sign ( @ )
asterisk ( * )
backslash ( \ )
bullet ( )
caret ( ^ )
copyright symbol ( © )
currency generic: ( ¤ )
specific: ฿, ¢, $, , ƒ, , , , £, , ¥, , , , , , ,
daggers ( , )
degree ( ° )
ditto mark ( )
inverted exclamation mark ( ¡ )
inverted question mark ( ¿ )
number sign/pound/hash ( # )
numero sign ( )
ordinal indicator (º, ª)
percent (etc.) ( %, ‰, )
pilcrow ( )
prime ( )
registered trademark ( ® )
section sign ( § )
service mark ( )
sound recording copyright symbol ( )
tilde ( ~ )
trademark ( )
underscore/understrike ( _ )
vertical/broken bar, pipe ( |, ¦ )
Uncommon typography
asterism ( )
falsum ( )
index/fist ( )
therefore sign ( )
because sign ( )
interrobang ( )
irony mark/percontation point ( ؟ )
lozenge ( )
reference mark ( )
tie ( )

In typography, a bullet is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list. For example:

  • Item 1
  • Item 2
  • Item 3

It is likely that the name originated from the resemblance of the traditional circular bullet symbol (•) to an actual bullet.

The bullet symbol may take any of a variety of shapes, such as circular, square, diamond, arrow etc, and typical word processors, such as Microsoft Word, OpenOffice.org Writer, offer a wide selection of shapes and colours. Several regular symbols are conventionally used in plain text or ASCII-only text, such as * (asterisk), - (hyphen), . (period), and even o (lowercase O). Of course, when writing by hand, bullets may be drawn in any style.

Usage

Bullets are most often used in technical writing or reference works. Bulleted items – known as "bullet points" – may be short phrases, single sentences, or of paragraph length. Bulleted items are not usually terminated with a full stop if they are not complete sentences, although it is a common practice (for example, in Portugal) to terminate every item except the last one with a semicolon, and terminate the last item with a full stop. It is correct to terminate a bullet point with a full stop if the text under that bullet point consists of more than one sentence.

Some guidelines[citation needed] advocate using a bulleted list only where the list items are unordered (that is, where they could be reordered without losing the sense). Where order is significant, a numbered list is preferred.

Computer encoding and keyboard entry

The standard circular bullet symbol (•) is at Unicode code point U+2022. In HTML it may (when not inserted directly) be entered as &bull; or &#x2022;. However, semantics normally requires that bulleted items be achieved with the appropriate use of the <li> tag inside an unordered list (<ul>). Unicode also defines a triangular bullet (U+2023) and a "white bullet" ◦ (U+25E6), as well as other styles.

In the Windows-1252 encoding, the standard circular bullet character is at 149 (decimal). On most Windows systems it can be entered as the Alt Code Alt+0149 (press and hold Alt while typing 0149 on the numeric keypad). Alt+7 generates a • (midpoint – sometimes called periodcentered – which is often used as a bullet point).

On Mac OS X, pressing Option+8 inserts a bullet, and pressing Shift+Option+9 inserts the similar interpunct (·).

GTK+ applications on Linux support the ISO 14755-conformant hex unicode input system; hold Control and Shift while tapping U, then type 2022 and press Enter to insert a • or hold Control and Shift while tapping U, then type B7 and press Enter to insert a midpoint.

Prior to the widespread use of word processors, bullets were often denoted by asterisks (*), and several word processors automatically convert asterisks to bullets if used at the start of line. The asterisk is also used to indicate bulleted list items in Wikipedia markup as well as in many other wikis.[1]

References

  1. ^ http://www.usemod.com/cgi-bin/mb.pl?WikiMarkupStandard#Known_Bullet_Characters
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