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History of Japan



Bunmei (文明 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Ōnin and before Chōkyō. This period spanned the years from April 1469 through July 1487.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Tsuchimikado-tennō (後土御門天皇 ?).[2]


Change of era

  • 1469 Bunmei gannen (文明元年 ?): The era name was changed to mark an event or a number of events. The old era ended and a new one commenced in Ōnin 3.

Events of the Bunmei era

  • 1468 (Bunmei 2, 7th month): Ichijo Kaneyoshi was relieved of his duties as kampaku at age 69.[3]
  • January 18, 1471 (Bunmei 2, 27th day of the 12th month ): The former-Emperor Go-Hanazono died at age 52.[3]
  • April 16, 1473 (Bunmei 5, on the 19th day of the 3rd month): Yamana Sōzen died at age 70.[4]
  • 1478 (Bunmei 10): The philosopher Ichijō Kanera (1402-1481) published Bummei ittō-ki (On the Unity of Knowledge and Culture) which deals with political ethics and six points about the duties of a prince.[1]
  • February 21, 1482 (Bummei 14 , 4th day of the 2nd month): Construction of Ashikaga Yoshimasa's Silver Pavilion commenced.[5]


  1. ^ a b Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bunmei" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 89; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 352-364.
  3. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 356.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 357.
  5. ^ Keene, Donald. (2003). Yoshimasa and the Silver Pavillion, p. 87.


External links

Bunmei 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th
Gregorian 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487
Preceded by
Era or nengō

1469 – 1487
Succeeded by


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