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History of Japan



Bunroku (文禄 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Tenshō and before Keichō. This period spanned the years from December 1592 to October 1596.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Yōzei-tennō (後陽成天皇 ?).[2]


Change of era

  • 1592 Bunroku gannen (文禄元年 ?): The era name was changed. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Tenshō 20.

Events of the Bunroku era

  • 1592 (Bunroku 1): Toyotomi Hideyoshi invades Korea (Bunroku no Eki),[3] also known as Bunroku Keichō no Eki.[1]
  • 1592 (Bunroku 1): Ogasawara Sadayori claims to have discovered the Bonin Islands; and the territory was granted to him as a fief by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.[4]
  • 1592 (Bunroku 1): Silver coins called Bunroku-tsūhō were minted to pay Hideyoshi's troops. The 23.25 mm diameter coins weighed 1 momme (approximately 3.75 g). Copper coins were issued at the same time, but none are known to have survived.[1]
  • 1593 (Bunroku 2): Toyotomi Hideyori is born to Hideyoshi's mistress Yodo-Dono -- an infant son and possible heir.[5]
  • 1595 (Bunroku 4): Toyotomi Hidetsugu loses his position and power.[6]
  • 1589-1595: An agrarian reform (Bunroku no Kenchi) initiated by Hideyoshi; a general census of the population and a national survey.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bunroku" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 92; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Tittsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 402-405.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 405.
  4. ^ Cholmondeley, Lionel Berners. (1915). The History of the Bonin Islands from the Year 1827 to the Year 1876, p. .
  5. ^ Sansom, George. (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615, p. 364.
  6. ^ Sansom, p. 366.



External links

Bunroku 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
Gregorian 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596
Preceded by
Era or nengō

1592 – 1596
Succeeded by


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