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Bureau of Corrections (Philippines): Wikis


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Bureau of Corrections
Kawanihan ng Koreksiyon
Agency overview
Agency executive Oscar C. Calderon[1], Director
Parent agency Department of Justice

The Bureau of Corrections (BuCor or BC) (Filipino: Kawanihan ng Koreksiyon) (KK) is an agency of the Department of Justice which is charged with the custody and rehabilitation of national offenders, who have been sentenced to three years of imprisonment[2] or more.



It is headed by Director Oscar C. Calderon and the bureau have 2,362 employees, 61% of whom are custodial officers, 33% are administrative personnel and 6% are members of the medical staff.[2]



To maximize the assets' value of the BuCor to effectively pursue its responsibility in safely securing transforming national prisoners through responsive rehabilitation programs managed by professional Correctional Officers.[3]


A world-class organization that provides an opportunity to develop professional disciplined, spiritually guided environment for BuCor stakeholders and for inmates to become more productive, responsible and law abiding citizen.[2]


The Principal task of the Bureau of Corrections is the rehabilitation of National Prisoners.[3]

The Bureau carries out the following task to carry out its mandate:[3]
  • Confine persons convicted by the courts to serve a sentence in national prisons.
  • Keep prisoners from committing crimes while in custody.
  • Provide humane treatment by supplying the inmates' basic needs and implementing a variety of rehabilitation programs designed to change their pattern of criminal or anti-social behavior.
  • Engage in agro-industrial projects for the purpose of developing prison lands and resources into productive bases or profit centers, developing and employing inmate manpower skills and labor, providing prisoners with a source of income and augmenting the Bureau's yearly appropriations.


The Bureau of Corrections currently have 7 operating units located nationwide:[2]


Spanish Rule

Old Bilibid Prison circa 1900

The Old Bilibid Prison which was located on Oroquieta Street in Manila was established in 1847 and by a Royal Decree formally opened on April 10, 1866. On August 21, 1870 the San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm was established in Zamboanga City for Muslim and political prisoners opposed to the rule of Spain.

American Colony

the Iuhit penal Settlement now known as Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm was established in 1904 by the Americans in 28,072 hectares of land. The land areas expanded to 40,000 hectares in the late 1950s.[4] and expanded again to 41,007 hectares by virtue of Executive Order No. 67 issued by Governor Newton Gilbert on October 15, 1912.

The Bureau of Prisons was created under the Reorganization Act of 1905 as an agency under the Department of Commerce and Police. The Reorganization Act also re-established the San Ramon Prison in 1907 which was destroyed during the Spanish-American War in 1888. The prison was placed under the Bureau of Prisons and receive prisoners in Mindanao.[4]

The Correctional Institution for Women was founded on November 27, 1929 and it is the one and only prison for women in the Philippines.It was established to the Act No. 3579.[4]

On January 21, 1932, the bureau opened the Davao Penal Colony in Southern Mindanao.[4]

The New Bilibid Prison was established in 1935 in Mutinlupa due to the increased rate of prisoners.[4]

Proclamation No. 72 issued on September 26, 1954, established the Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm in Occidental Mindoro. and the Leyte Regional Prison was established on January 16, 1973, under Proclamation No. 1101.[4]

New Name

Administrative Code of 1987 and Proclamation No. 495 issued on November 22, 1989. Change the agencies' name to Bureau of Corrections from Bureau of Prisons.[4]


The logo presented here, is symbolic of the Bureau's mandate, the rehabilitation of inmate. The logo focuses on the man in prison as the main concern of rehabiltation. It presents man behind bars, but who looks outwards with the hope of rejoining the free community. The rays of the sun and the color green are symbolic of hope. The color orange is symbolic of happiness. The bar of justice represents the justice system. (jrcp)[4]



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