Burlington, North Carolina: Wikis

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City of Burlington
—  City  —

Seal
Nickname(s): Hosiery Center of the South
Motto: I'll Tell The World
Location of Burlington within North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°5′23″N 79°26′44″W / 36.08972°N 79.44556°W / 36.08972; -79.44556
Country United States
State North Carolina
Counties Alamance, Guilford
Founded 1857 (Company Shops)
Founded 1886 (Burlington)
Incorporated February 14, 1893
Government
 - Mayor Ronnie K. Wall
Area
 - City 21.3 sq mi (55.3 km2)
 - Land 21.3 sq mi (55.1 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)  0.28%
 - Urban 64 sq mi (103 km2)
Elevation 633 ft (193 m)
Population (2008)
 - City 50,857
 - Density 2,111/sq mi (815/km2)
 - Urban 94,248
 - Metro 148,053
 - Metro Density 1,472/sq mi (915/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code 27215, 27216, 27217
Area code(s) 336
FIPS code 37-09060[1]
GNIS feature ID 0982279[2]
Daily Newspaper Web Site www.TheTimesNews.com
Website www.BurlingtonNC.gov

Burlington is a city in Alamance county in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is the principal city of the Burlington, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Alamance County, in which most of the city is located. The population was 44,917 at the 2000 census. According to Census estimates, the city population in 2008 was 50,857[3], and the Metropolitan Statistical Area population was nearly 150,000 in 2008. The city hosts the Burlington Royals baseball club of the Appalachian League. Burlington is part of the Piedmont Triad region of the state. Burlington is home to the Burlington Athletic Stadium where scenes from the movie Bull Durham were filmed.

LabCorp, one of the largest clinical laboratory companies in the world, has its headquarters and several testing facilities in Burlington. LabCorp is Alamance County's largest employer, employing over 3,000 people in the county.

Honda Aero, a subsidiary of Honda, recently announced that it will move its corporate headquarters to Burlington and build a $27 million plant at the Burlington-Alamance Regional Airport where it will build its HF120 jet engines for use in very light jets.

Biscuitville, a regional fast food chain, is based in Burlington. Burlington is also the operations headquarters for Gold Toe Brands, a manufacturer of socks.

The Times-News (Burlington, North Carolina) is Burlington's only daily newspaper, and the area's dominant media outlet.

General Machine and Welding was purchased by Reynolda Manufacturing in March 2008. The company is now known as GMW, a division of Reynolda Manufacturing. GMW manufactures products for a variety of local campaines in addition to clients all over the United States. Whitney Staley who grew up in the town won employee of the week 666 times in a row for his welding ability. The other employees who were Evangelical Christians ran him out of town as this was the final proof that he was taught how to weld by the Devil himself.

Contents

Geography

Burlington is located at 36°5′23″N 79°26′44″W / 36.08972°N 79.44556°W / 36.08972; -79.44556 (36.089636, -79.445578)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.3 square miles (55.3 km²), of which, 21.3 square miles (55.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.28%) is water.

Early history

Alamance County was created when Orange County was partitioned in 1849. Early settlers included several groups of Quakers, many of which remain active in the Snow Camp area, German farmers, and Scots-Irish immigrants. Alamance County, where Burlington is located, is the site of several skirmishes that were part of the American Revolution. These include the War of the Regulation, which took place prior to the actual Revolution, when citizens rebelled against the corrupt British Colonial Government, the Battle of Lindley's Mill, the Battle of Clapp's Mill, and Pyle's Defeat.

The Holt family was instrumental in building several different textile mills in Burlington and the surrounding towns. These textile mills provided much of the economic base on which the county would grow.

The need of the North Carolina Railroad Company in the 1850s to locate land where they could build, repair and do maintenance on its track was the genesis of Burlington, North Carolina. The Company selected a piece of land slightly west of present day Graham, North Carolina.

By the time the shops were completed in 1857, the village had grown to twenty-seven buildings. Thirty-nine white men, twenty Negro slaves and two free Negroes were employed in or around the shops. The employees and their families needed to live within walking distance; hence, a town began to develop. The town was called “Company Shops”.

Sale of town lots soon started, but not surprisingly, the sale of lots was slow until after the Civil War. By 1864, Company Shops numbered about 300 persons.

In 1886, the North Carolina Railroad Company transferred its operations to Manchester, Virginia. The railroad offices and shops at Company Shops were closed. With the railroad shops no longer operated there, the citizens of Company Shops decided a new name was needed. In February 1887 a committee of the town’s leading citizens selected “Burlington”.

The city of Burlington was incorporated and a charter was issued by the State Legislature on February 14, 1893.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 817
1890 1,716 110.0%
1900 3,692 115.2%
1910 4,808 30.2%
1920 5,952 23.8%
1930 9,737 63.6%
1940 12,198 25.3%
1950 24,560 101.3%
1960 33,199 35.2%
1970 35,930 8.2%
1980 37,266 3.7%
1990 39,498 6.0%
2000 44,917 13.7%
Est. 2008 50,857 [5] 13.2%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 44,917 people, 18,280 households, and 11,754 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,111.0 people per square mile (815.0/km²). There were 19,567 housing units at an average density of 919.6/sq mi (355.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.27% White, 25.05% African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.16% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.07% of the population.

There were 18,280 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,301, and the median income for a family was $45,441. Males had a median income of $31,697 versus $22,466 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,640. About 9.7% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The local school system is known as the Alamance-Burlington School System, which was created by a merger between the Alamance County School System and the Burlington City School System in 1996.

Local public schools in Burlington include:

Private Schools include:

Transportation

Amtrak's Carolinian and Piedmont train connects Burlington with the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Richmond, Raleigh and Charlotte. The Amtrak station is situated at 101 North Main Street.

Burlington is a short drive to Piedmont Triad International Airport in Greensboro and Raleigh-Durham International Airport in Morrisville. The city is almost centrally located between these two major North Carolina airports.

Shopping

I-40/85 and US 70 corridors. The city's only indoor mall, Burlington Square Mall is located at the intersection of Huffman Mill Road and Church Street (US 70). An outdoor mall, Alamance Crossing, opened in 2007 at Interstate 40/85 and University Drive. Just off I-85/40 at Exit 145 is North Carolina's original outlet mall, Burlington Outlet Village(formerly BMOC). The first shopping center in Burlingon and Alamance County was Cum-Park Plaza on North Church Street.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=04000US37&-_box_head_nbr=GCT-T1&-ds_name=PEP_2008_EST&-_lang=en&-redoLog=false&-mt_name=PEP_2008_EST_GCTT1_ST9&-format=ST-9&-_sse=on
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/SUB-EST2008-4.html. Retrieved 2009-09-01.  
  6. ^ ""Events that shaped the county"". The Times News. 2007-07-24. http://www.thetimesnews.com/news/burlington_4265___article.html/many_new.html. Retrieved 2008-06-20.  

External links

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