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Burtas or Bortas (plural Bortaslar) were a tribe of uncertain ethnolinguistic affiliation inhabiting the steppe region north of the Caspian Sea in medieval times (modern Penza Oblast, Ulyanovsk Oblast and Saratov Oblast of the Russian Federation). They were subject to the Khazars.

The Burtas are generally believed to be a Finno-Ugrian tribal confederacy (probably later assimilated to Turkic language), the ancestors of the modern Moksha Mordvins group of the Mordvin people as well as some groups (such as Mishars) of Volga Tatars and Chuvashs.

Recently, some scholars have challenged the conventional theory, suggesting that the Burtas were actually Alans or another Iranian ethnolinguistic group.


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