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Coordinates: 53°35′35″N 2°17′53″W / 53.593°N 2.298°W / 53.593; -2.298

Bury
Bury Town Hall (2).jpg
Bury Town Hall
Bury is located in Greater Manchester
Bury

 Bury shown within Greater Manchester
Population 60,718 
OS grid reference SD805105
Metropolitan borough Bury
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BURY
Postcode district BL9 & BL8 & BL0
Dialling code 0161/01706/01204
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Bury North
List of places: UK • England • Greater Manchester

Bury (pronounced /ˈbɛri/) is a town in Greater Manchester, England.[1] It lies on the River Irwell, 5.5 miles (8.9 km) east of Bolton, 5.9 miles (9.5 km) west-southwest of Rochdale, and 7.9 miles (12.7 km) north-northwest of the city of Manchester. Bury is surrounded by several smaller settlements which together form the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, of which Bury is the largest settlement and administrative centre. Bury has a total population of 60,718.

Historically a part of Lancashire, Bury emerged during the Industrial Revolution as a mill town centred on textile manufacture.

Bury is regionally notable for its open-air market - Bury Market - and its popularity has been increased since the introduction of the Manchester Metrolink tram system, which terminates in the town. The market is known for its supply of a local traditional dish - black pudding, served hot or cold and can be eaten either as a takeaway snack, or more commonly as an accompaniment or main ingredient of a meal starter or main course.

One of Bury's most famous residents was Sir Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and founder of the Metropolitan Police Service. A monument to Peel is outside Bury parish church and another, the austere Peel Monument, stands on a hill overlooking the locality.

Bury is currently undergoing massive redevelopment of its town centre in the form of The Rock Triangle Development, which is to extend Bury's retail, leisure and residential capacity.

Contents

History

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Toponymy

The name Bury, (also earlier known as "Buri" and "Byri") comes from an Old English word, meaning "castle", "stronghold" or "fort", an early form of modern English borough.[2] See List of generic forms in British place names.

Early history

Bury was formed around the ancient market place but even prior to this there is evidence of a activity dating back to the period of Roman occupation. Bury Museum has a Roman Urn containing a number of small bronze coins dated for AD 253-282 and found north of what is now the town centre.[3] Under Agricola the road building programme included a route from the fort at Manchester (Mamucium) to the fort at Ribchester (Bremetennacum) that ran through Radcliffe and Affetside. The modern Watling Street, that serves the Seddons Farm estate on the west side of town, follows the approximate line of the route.

The most imposing early building in the town would have been Bury Castle,[4][5] a medieval fortified manor house. The castle was built in 1469 by Sir Thomas Pilkington, lord of the manors of Pilkington and Bury and a powerful member of Lancashire's gentry. It sat in a good defensive position on high ground over looking the Irwell Valley. At that time the Pilkingtons had been lords of Bury for nearly a century, having inherited the manor from a family named de Bury.

Bury Parish Church

The Pilkington family suffered badly in the Wars of the Roses when, despite the geography they supported the House of York. When Richard III was killed in the Battle of Bosworth, in 1485, Thomas Pilkington was captured and later executed. The outcome of the battle was that the Duke of Richmond, representing the House of Lancaster was crowned Henry VII by Sir William Stanley. As a reward for the support of his family Thomas Stanley was created Earl of Derby and amongst other land the confiscated Pilkington estate in Bury was presented to him.[3]

The ancestral home of the Earls of Derby is Knowsley Hall on the outskirts of Liverpool. The family maintain a connection with Bury in various ways - the Derby High School is named after them. When the school opened in 1959 the Earl of Derby was patron and the school's badge is based on the Earl's coat of arms.

For many years the castle remains were buried beneath the streets outside the Castle Armoury. From time to time it was the subject of archaeological excavations. These established that there was an earlier manor house on the site. In 2000 the castle site was properly excavated as a focal point in the town centre. The remains of the old walls are now displayed in Castle Square.

Between 1801 and 1830 the population of the town more than doubled from 7072 to 15086. This was the time when the factories, mines and foundries began to dominate the landscape with their spinning machines and steam engines.

Industrial Revolution

Probate evidence from the 17th century and the remains of 18th century weavers' cottages in Elton, on the west side of Bury, indicate that domestic textile production was an important factor of the local economy at a time when Bury's textile industry was dominated by woollens and based upon the domestic production of yarn and cloth as well as water-powered fulling mills.[6][7]

Development was swift in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The establishment of Brooksbottom Mill, in Summerseat north of the town, as a calico printing works in 1773 by the family of Sir Robert Peel marked the beginning of the cotton industry in Bury. By the early 19th century cotton was the predominant textile industry with the River Roch and River Irwell providing power for spinning mills and processing water for the finishing trades. Development was further promoted when the town was linked to the national canal network by the Manchester Bolton & Bury Canal, fully opened in 1808. The canal is provided with water from Elton Reservoir, fed by aqueducts from a weir on the River Irwell, north of what is now the Burrs Country Park. The Burrs is also the site of another mill developed by the Peel family, first founded in 1790. The remains are displayed for the public. There were seven cotton mills in Bury by 1818 and the population grew from 9,152 in 1801 to 58,029 in 1901.

Following this, railways opened, linking the town from Bury Bolton Street railway station to Manchester, Radcliffe, Rawtenstall and Accrington and from the old Knowsley Street railway station to the neighbouring mill towns of Bolton, Heywood and Rochdale. As well as the many cotton mills other industries which thrived included paper–making, calico printing and some light engineering. The town expanded to incorporate the former townships of Elton, Walmersley and Heap and rows of terraced housing encircled the town centre by the turn of the 19th century. Districts such as Freetown, Fishpool and Pimhole were transformed from farmers' fields to rows of terraced housing, beside the factories and mills.

The houses were of the most limited kind without basic facilities, sewers or proper streets. The result was the rapid spread of disease and high mortality rates in crowded areas. In 1838 out of 1,058 working class houses in Bury investigated by the Manchester Statistical Society 733 had 3-4 people in each bed, 207 had 4-5 and 76 had 5-6.[8] Social reformers locally and nationally were concerned about such issues, including Edwin Chadwick. One report that prepared the ground for the reform of public health matters, commissioned by then Prime Minister, Sir Robert Peel, asked local doctors for information. King Street, Bury was highlighted. It had 10 houses, each with one bedroom, and a population of 69. The average age of death in Bury was 13.8 years. Towns like Bury were likened to 'camps'[9] where newcomers sought work in mill, mine or forge. Many, often from Ireland found shelter in lodging houses. 38 in Bury were surveyed.[10] 73% had men and women sharing beds indiscriminately, 81% were filthy and the average was 5.5 persons to a bed.

Although Bury had few of the classic late 19th century spinning mills that were such a feature of other Lancashire towns a group, known as Peel Mills, are still in use at Castlecroft Road, immediately north of the town centre, their name another reminder of the link with the Peel family.

Lancashire Fusiliers

Lancashire Fusiliers War Memorial at Tower Gardens

A history of Bury is not complete without reference to its role as the regimental town of the Lancashire Fusiliers.[11]

In 1688 Prince William of Orange (later King William III) landed at Brixham, Devon. He was met by a number of noblemen who were then commissioned to raise Regiments to help him oppose James II. Colonel Sir Robert Peyton raised a Regiment containing six independent companies in the Exeter area. In 1782 the title was changed to the XX or East Devon Regiment of Foot and from 1 July 1881 became the XX The Lancashire Fusiliers. The link with Bury and the Fusiliers started at this time when, following successful recruiting in Lancashire a Regimental Depot was established in Bury, Wellington Barracks, in 1881. Wellington Barracks became XX The Lancashire Fusiliers Regimental Headquarters in 1961.

The regiment has been involved in many campaigns and peace keeping duties including the Jacobite uprising, the American War of Independence, the Napoleonic Wars, the Indian Mutiny and both world wars. Since moving to Bury the Lancashire Fusiliers were part, in 1898, of the force that relieved Khartoum and fought in the Battle of Omdurman and in 1899–1902 during the Boer War took part in the battles of Spion Kop and the Tugela Heights, leading up to the Relief of Ladysmith.

In 1914 the regiment was 4th Battalion of the British Expeditionary Force, the first force to enter France against the Germans. On 24 April 1915 the taking of W beach at Gallipoli six men were each awarded the Victoria Cross. The six were chosen by their comrades for the 'action before breakfast'.

The losses in the Dardanelles had a sharp impact on the town. They were all the more pronounced because many of those killed and wounded were from the regiment's Territorial Battalion based in the town. Like the Pals battalions, it recruited from a small area. It also comprised largely of part-time soldiers who had volunteered for regular service at the outbreak of war and who therefore had strong community ties. They were literally, the local butcher, baker and candlestick maker - who had wives and children resident in the town.

As a consequence, for many years afterwards Gallipoli Day was as much a part of the town's mourning for the Great War dead as Armistice Day or latterly Remembrance Sunday.

During World war II the regiment fought at the Battle of Monte Cassino, where Fusilier Jefferson won a VC in July 1943. They were also involved in the D-Day landings, with a successful attack on Villers-Bocage in July 1944. Subsequently they were involved in Burma, at the Suez Canal and Kenya at the time of the Mau Mau rebellion.

In 1968 four fusiliers regiments, the Lancashire, Royal Northumberland, Royal Warwickshire and Royal Fusiliers were amalgamated to create the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. The bringing together of the various regiments saw the demise of the Lancashire regiment's distinctive primrose hackle - the yellow feathers worn above the cap badge. In its place all the battalions adopted the red and white emblem of the Northumberland Fusiliers who were the senior (oldest) regiment to be absorbed into the newly created Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. After the end of national service, with less need to recruit and train soldiers most of Wellington Barracks was redeveloped for housing and playing fields. Parts of the perimeter wall are still visible but the only part of the site still in military use is the Regimental Headquarters and social club. Sited in Elton on the west side of Bury the barracks fronted Bolton Road, the A58 at the corner with Haig Road. This and other local streets in the estate opposite, including Kitchener, Connaught, White, Buller and Powell Streets were named after prominent army figures.

A memorial to the Lancashire Fusiliers who died in the First World War was placed at the front of the former barracks. Designed by Lutyens, architect of the Whitehall cenotaph, the memorial is a grade 2 listed monument. Because his father and great uncle had been officers in the regiment Lutyens declined a fee for his work. The monument, 5.88 m high and built of Portland stone, was unveiled in April 1922.[12] In 2009, and after some local controversy, the memorial was moved to Bury town centre where in now stands adjacent to a new regimental museum.

In 1859, the 8th Lancashire (Bury) Rifle Volunteer Corps was formed and a new drill hall was proposed. In 1868 the drill hall, or Castle Armoury, was built on the historical site of Bury Castle. To reflect the 'castle' the drill hall has a fortified style with castellations, gargoyles, turrets, towers, arrow slits and other Norman architectural features on the façade. Above the main gate, with a large semi-circular arch, is a large coat of arms incorporating the Lancashire Fusiliers' badge and motto "Omnia Audax", translating to "Dare Anything". Three plaques on the east wall of the drill hall commemorate those who fell in two world wars and the Boer War.

A platoon of Fusiliers still resides at Castle Armoury. It is also HQ East Lancashire Wing of the Air Training Corps and the Bury Detachment of the Manchester Army Cadet Force and accommodates G Squadron of 207 (Manchester) Field Hospital (Volunteers).

Recent history

Terraced housing in Bury, 1958

In the post-war period, there was a major decline in the cotton industry, and in common with many neighbouring towns, Bury's skyline was soon very different, with countless factory chimneys being pulled down and the associated mills closing their doors forever. The old shopping area around Princess Street and Union Square was demolished in the late 1960s, and a concrete precinct emerged to replace it. This development was replaced by the Millgate Centre in the late 1990s.

However, outside of Millgate is a large shopping area known as The Rock, populated mainly by pound shops and charity shops. Work is now underway to redevelop these areas into a modern shopping centre with plans for completion in 2010. They will bring a large department store and a multi screen cinema to the town centre, together with other facilities including a large new medical centre. Other areas of the town centre, near the town hall and interchange are also to be developed. Overall, the town centre will become a more attractive proposition to visit and competitive as a destination with Bolton and Rochdale. A recent decision by Marks and Spencer to vacate their present store and move into a large new one in The Rock scheme emphasises the changes that are on their way. The owners of Millgate have objected to this latest development and it remains to be seen how their malls will fare against the competition on The Rock.

The town centre is still famous for its traditional market, with its "world famous" black pudding stalls. Bury Market was also once famous for its tripe, although this has declined in the past few decades. The last 30 years has seen the town developing into an important commuter town for neighbouring Manchester. Large scale housing development has taken place around Unsworth, Redvales, Sunnybank, Brandlesholme, Limefield, Chesham and Elton. The old railway line to Manchester Victoria closed in 1990, and was replaced by the light rapid transit system Metrolink in 1992. The town was also linked to the M66 motorway network, opening in 1978, accessed from the east side of the town.

Governance

Arms of the former Bury County Borough Council (abolished 1974).

In terms of local administration the town was originally a parish, then a select vestry, first with a board of guardians for the poor. Improvement commissioners were added before full borough status was granted. The borough charter was received in 1876 and by 1889 this was raised to that of a county borough.

The coat of arms was granted in 1877 and the symbols represent local industry. In the quarters are representations of the anvil, for forging, the golden fleece, for wool, a pair of crossed shuttles, for the cotton industry and a papyrus plant for the paper trade. Above them is a closed visor capped by a mayfly and two red roses. The motto "Vincit Omnia Industria" means "work conquers all".

With the passage of the Local Government Act 1972, Bury merged with the neighbouring municipal boroughs of Radcliffe and Prestwich, together with the urban districts of Whitefield, Tottington and Ramsbottom to become the Metropolitan Borough of Bury in 1974. This borough is part of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester. On the 3 July 2008 there was a referendum in Bury MBC to decide whether the borough should be ruled by a directly elected mayor. The proposal was rejected by the voters.[13]

Geography

Bury is located in the foothills of the western Pennines in North West England in the northern part of the Greater Manchester Urban Area. The River Irwell flows through the town and this position has proved important in its history and development. Flowing from north to south the river effectively divides the town into two parts on the east and west sides of the valley respectively. The town centre sits close to and above the river on the east side. Bury Bridge is a key bridging point linking the east side of town and the town centre to the western suburbs and Bolton beyond. Other bridges across the river are limited - there is one at Radcliffe Road to the south and at Summerseat to the north. There is also a bridge at the Burrs but this serves a cul-de-sac and does not allow full east–west access. To the south the main tributary, the River Roch, flowing from the east, joins the Irwell close to another significant bridging point, Blackford bridge. This carries the main route south, now the A56, towards Manchester.

The market town was first mentioned as a parish in AD 962. For purposes of the Office for National Statistics, Bury is part of the Greater Manchester Urban Area.

Landmarks

Attractions in Bury include:

Bury railway station at the East Lancashire Railway.

Transport

Bury Interchange, complete with a Metrolink tram.

Bury is connected to other settlements via Bus, Metrolink and Train.

Bury Bolton Street railway station, is home to the East Lancashire Railway, a railway which serves Heywood, Ramsbottom and Rawtenstall. The station is the original railway station of Bury, and was its a mainline station until 1980. Bury Interchange was the replacement for Bolton Street and incorporated a railway station, with services to Manchester Victoria. This was provided by Class 504 units, which were third-rail operated. When the Metrolink took over services of the line, the third rail was lost, and trams replaced trains in 1992.

First Manchester and Easyride Buses operate most bus services around Bury, connecting with destinations within Greater Manchester and Rossendale respectively. The bus station is connected to the Bury Interchange Metrolink station, to provide a vast complex of inter-modal transportation. There is also a free car park at the rear of the complex. The station is located in the centre of Bury, right next to Bury Market, the Millgate Shopping Centre, and the main square.

Manchester Metrolink operates trams to Manchester, Altrincham and Eccles. There is generally a 6 minute service from Bury to Manchester city centre, with every other tram continuing to Altrincham. Trams to Eccles are provided from Manchester Piccadilly Station. Trams usually run in singular formations, however when the new trams arrive in 2009, trams will be coupled together at peak periods to work in a double formation.

Education

Derby High School is one of Bury's comprehensive schools. It was opened in 1959 and its patron is the Earl of Derby.
Colleges
High schools located in the area include

Along with that, there is an Islamic madrassa there called Darul Uloom Al-Arabiyyah Al-Islamiyyah.

Sport

Bury has a football club, Bury F.C., which plays at Gigg Lane. The club was formed in 1885 and in 1889 they finished runners up in the inaugural season of the Lancashire League. They were elected to the Football League Second Division in 1894, at the same time as Manchester City. They were promoted to Division One at the end of their first season, beating Liverpool in a play-off.[19] More success came in 1900 when they won the FA Cup followed by a further win in 1903. On the second occasion they beat Derby County 6-0 - a record victory for a Cup Final that still stands. The most recent run of success was in 1996 and 1997 when they won promotion from Football League Division Three and Football League Division Two, being Champions in that Division, in successive seasons.

The club plays in League Two, with a thriving Youth and Centre of Excellence department[20] which has recently produced players such as David Nugent, Simon Whaley and Colin Kazim-Richards. Former legends include free scoring Craig Madden, old timers Norman Bullock and Henry Cockburn, Neville Southall, Dean Kiely, Lee Dixon, Colin Bell, Terry McDermott, Alec Lindsay, Trevor Ross and John McGrath.

Gigg Lane is also used by FC United Of Manchester of the Unibond Northern Premier Division. FC United is a breakaway group of former Manchester United fans adhering to the anti Malcolm Glazer movement and outright commercialism in modern football. F.C. United's attendances are extremely competitive with those of Bury F.C. themselves. Until 2002 Manchester United Reserves were also hosted by Gigg Lane in Bury.

Culture

The Met arts centre, based in the Derby Hall on Market Street, is a small performing arts venue promoting a programme of theatre, music and comedy events. The Met has hosted famous comedy acts such as Steve Coogan and Eddie Izzard in their days before fame.

Bury Art Gallery and Museum on Moss Street is home to a fine collection of Victorian and 20th century art, including works by Turner, Constable, Landseer and Lowry. In 2005 a £1.2 million refurbishment was carried out, designed to provide a brand new museum, art gallery and library all under one roof. This includes a combined Museum & Archives Centre which, based on a radical re-think, uses artefacts, documentation and art to tell the story of the town.[21] The most recent renovation includes modern artefacts such as iPods and electric iRobit hoovers.

The council decided in 2006 to sell Lowry's "The Riverbank" at auction in order to fund part of its Social Services budget shortfall. This has resulted in the government's Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA) removing Bury Council's accredited museum status. The authority will now have limited funding options and will be ineligible for some grants.[22] The Lowry sale raised more than anticipated and some of the money will be used to develop of a new town centre museum for the Lancashire Fusiliers. This will move into the old School of Arts and Crafts on Broad Street opposite the town's museum, art gallery and library, from the existing, inadequate building on Bolton Road.[23]

Bury is also at the heart of the largest public art scheme in the UK -the Irwell Sculpture Trail. Works in Bury include ones by Ulrich Ruckriem, at Radcliffe and Edward Allington, at Ramsbottom with his "Tilted Vase". Ulrich Ruckriem[24] is one of Germany's most eminent artists best known for his monumental stone sculptures. His sculpture in Radcliffe, on the site of the former Outwood Colliery, is one of his largest stone settings to date. Edward Allington's Tilted Vase sits in Market Place in the centre of Ramsbottom and has become a distinctive feature of interest.

The 2008 Mercury Music Prize winning group Elbow, fronted by Guy Garvey, also hail from Bury. Their 2008 classic album "Seldom Seen Kid" won the accolade.

Bury is known for its black puddings[25] so much so, that it is not uncommon to see it as "Bury Black Pudding" on a menu. Bury simnel cake is also a variant of the cake originating in Bury. Bury is also notable for tripe, though there is little demand for this in modern times.

Notable people

Statue of Sir Robert Peel in Bury
  • Victoria Wood, BAFTA award winning comedienne. She went to Bury Grammar School.[26]
  • John Kay, the inventor of the Flying Shuttle, one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution. He was born to a yeoman farming family at Park, a tiny hamlet just North of Bury, on 16 June 1704.[27] A memorial to John Kay stands in the heart of Bury - in Kay Gardens.[12] He also features as one of twelve subjects portrayed in the epic Manchester Murals, by Ford Madox Brown, that decorate the Great Hall, Manchester Town Hall and depict the history of the city. The piece shows John Kay being smuggled to safety as rioters, who feared their jobs were in danger, sought to destroy looms whose invention he had made possible. This was a key moment in the struggle between labour and new technology. He eventually fled to France and died in poverty.
  • James Wood, Dean of Ely Cathedral and Master of St John's College, Oxford was born Bury in 1760. A pupil at Bury Grammar School, he won an exhibition to St John's College and was a college tutor from 1789 to 1814. During this time he published the 'Principles of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy'. He was appointed Dean of Ely in 1820. He served as Master of St John's from 1815 and left his library to the college upon his death in 1839.[28]
  • Sir Robert Peel (1788–1850), the 19th century Prime Minister best known today for the repeal of the Corn Laws and his introduction of the modern police force (hence the terms "Bobbies" and "Peelers"), was born in Bury.[29] He is also notable for forming the famous British Police division, 'Scotland Yard' in London. A monument, Peel Tower, now exists to his memory. As this is situated nearly 1,000 feet above sea level, it is easily recognisable for miles around. The tower itself was not built for Sir Robert, but to provide work for local workers and was later dedicated to him. A statue of Sir Robert Peel stands in Market Place, outside the Robert Peel public house. You will notice that Sir Robert has his waistcoat fastened the wrong way round.
  • Professor Sir John Charnley, born, son of a Bury pharmacist, in Bury in 1911. He wrote 'The Closed Treatment of Common Fractures', first published in 1950 which became a standard text for the subject. His subsequent achievement in developing hip replacement surgery, in 1962, is acknowledged as a ground breaking development that changed the approach to orthopaedic surgery. He established a centre for hip surgery at Wrightington Hospital, near Wigan where he worked. He was knighted for his work in 1977.[30] The John Charnley Research Institute, Wrightington Hospital, near Wigan was named in his honour.
  • Kelly, Barrie, sprinter who competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, the 1966 and 1970 Commonwealth Games in Jamaica and Edinburgh and two European championships, Budapest in 1966 and Athens in 1969. He was British Champion, indoors and outdoors at 60 m and 100 m several times during this period.
  • Parry, Gareth (Gaz), rock climbing. One of Britain's most successful rock climbers. A former British champion in 1996 and 2002. Competed for Great Britain at the highest level for many years. Current British bouldering team coach.
  • Smith, Lawrie, yachtsman, arguably Britain's most successful racing sailor. Learnt to sail at Elton Sailing Club, Bury. Won bronze medal at the Barcelona Olympics in 1992, and the Fastnet Race. Skippered British Challenger in the America's Cup and finished fourth in Whitbread Round the World Race in 1989/90.
  • Crompton, Richmal, author was born on Manchester Road, Bury (a plaque marks the house).[31]
  • Suzanne Shaw Originally famous for winning the show Popstars and being a member of Hear'say, Shaw is now the star of West End shows as well as a singer, actress and television presenter.
  • Gary Neville, current Manchester United captain, and his younger brother former United player Phil Neville, Everton midfielder and captain.
  • Elbow, the band, achieved the Mercury Music Prize in 2009, for their album 'The Seldom Seen Kid'.
  • Danny Boyle, Oscar-winning film director of Slumdog Millionaire.
  • Andy Goram, Scottish international footballer.
  • John Partridge, performer notably for playing the role of Christian in Eastenders
  • Lisa Riley, Actress & Television Presenter best known for her role as Mandy Dingle in Emmerdale was born in Bury.
  • Antony Cotton, Actor and television host best known for his role as Sean Tully in Coronation Street was born in Bury.
  • Matt Littler, Actor best known for his role as Max Cunningham in Hollyoaks was born in Bury and was a former pupil of Elton High School.
  • Gemma Atkinson, Actress and lad mags favourite was born in Bury.
  • Vicky Binns, Actress best known for her role as Molly Dobbs in Coronation Street was born in Bury.
  • Jennie McAlpine, Actress best known for her role as Fiz in Coronation Street was born in Bury.
  • Cherie Blair, Successful barrister and former Prime Minister Tony Blair's wife was born in Bury.
  • John Spencer, World Snooker Champion was born in Bury.

Members of Parliament

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ A select gazetteer of local government areas, Greater Manchester County, Greater Manchester County Record Office, 31 July 2003, http://www.gmcro.co.uk/guides/gazette/gazframe.htm, retrieved 2008-10-17 
  2. ^ A brief history of Bury, Bury Metropolitan Borough Council, http://www.bury.gov.uk/VisitorGuidesAndMaps/History.htm, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  3. ^ a b Dobb, Arthur J (1970), 1846 Before and After - A Historical Guide to the Ancient Parish of Bury, Bircle Parish Church Council 
  4. ^ a b "Bury Castle". Bury Educational Schools Net. http://atschool.eduweb.co.uk/tcsc/millennium2/Castle/Bury_Castle.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  5. ^ a b "Bury Castle". Pastscape.org.uk. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=45189. Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  6. ^ http://www.spinningtheweb.org.uk/m_display.php?irn=50&sub=nwcotton&theme=places&crumb=Bury Spinning the Web
  7. ^ McNeil, Robina; Nevell M. (2000), A guide to the industrial archaeology of Greater Manchester, Association for Industrial Archaeology, ISBN 978-0-9528930-3-5 
  8. ^ Bannister, Jean (1974), From Parish to Metro - Two Centuries of Local Government in a Lancashire Town, Bury Times, ISBN 978-0-9504263-0-3 
  9. ^ Smellie, Kingsley Bryce (1946), A history of local government, G. Allen & Unwin ltd 
  10. ^ Health of Towns Commission, 1844
  11. ^ Moorhouse, Geoffrey (1992), Hell's Foundations - A Town, Its Myths and Gallipoli, Hodder & Stoughton, ISBN 978-0-340-43044-6 
  12. ^ a b Wyke, Terry; Cocks, Harry (2004), Public Sculpture of Greater Manchester, Liverpool University Press, ISBN 978-0-85323-567-5 
  13. ^ Bury elected mayor plan rejected, BBC News, 4 July 2008, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/manchester/7489025.stm, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  14. ^ Fusilier's Museum, Lancashire
  15. ^ Ordnance Survey Map showing Harcles Hill and Bull Hill on Holcombe Moor to the north-east
  16. ^ "Parish Church of St Mary, Bury". Images of England. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=210680. Retrieved 1 August 2009. 
  17. ^ Listed Buildings in Bury MBC, Bury Metropolitan Borough Council, November 2004, http://www.bury.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/4B91B45C-4C94-4B8D-962F-E57B02203A05/0/ListedBuildingsAZ.pdf, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  18. ^ History, Character and Values, Bury Grammar School, http://www.burygrammarschoolboys.co.uk/page-261.html, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  19. ^ Cullen, Peter (1999), Bury F.C., 1885–1999: The Official History, Yore Publications, ISBN 978-1-874427-28-5 
  20. ^ Bury F.C. Youth and Centre of Excellence Official Web Site
  21. ^ Honeyford, Kate (13 May 2005), Bury Museum Open Again After Re-fit for the 21st Century, 24 Hour Museum, http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/nwh_gfx_en/ART28187.html, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  22. ^ Lowry sale council loses status, BBC News, 15 December 2006, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/manchester/6183547.stm, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  23. ^ Lancashire Fusiliers, Museum Appeal
  24. ^ Ulrich Ruckriem
  25. ^ Bentley, James (2 February 2006), Bury Market: best in UK, BBC, http://www.bbc.co.uk/manchester/content/articles/2006/02/02/020206_bury_market_award_feature.shtml, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  26. ^ "WOOD, Victoria", Who's who 2009, Oxford University Press, 2008, http://www.ukwhoswho.com/view/article/oupww/whoswho/U40576, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  27. ^ Farnie, D. A. (2004), "Kay, John (1704–1780/81)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/15194, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  28. ^ Sutton, C. W. (2004), "Wood, James (1760–1839)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/29873, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  29. ^ Prest, John (2004), "Peel, Sir Robert, second baronet (1788–1850)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21763, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  30. ^ Duthie, R. B. (2004), "Charnley, Sir John (1911–1982)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/30920, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  31. ^ Cadogan, Mary (2004), "Lamburn, Richmal Crompton", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/34386, retrieved 1 August 2009 
  32. ^ About David, David Chaytor, http://iwc2.labouronline.org/165560/about_david, retrieved 1 August 2009 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Bury is a Metropolitan Borough in Greater Manchester, in the North West of England.

Understand

Bury, "home of the Black Pudding", as a town, has existed in various forms since the Industrial Revolution when it was a mill town based around the production of textiles. It has grown rapidly, over the past decades, to become the heart of a metropolitan borough. As a borough,it stretches from wealthy Prestwich and Whitefield (Manchester suburbia, with thriving, long established jewish populations, and just a few miles from Manchester city centre ), in the south, neighbouring the historically industrial town of Radcliffe to the pleasant small town of Ramsbottom, in the north, bordering Rossendale, in Lancashire.

Get in

By bus

There are a few National Express buses running into Bury, but they run only once a day and experience long stopovers in Manchester. It is possible and much easier to catch one of the many buses going to Manchester and from there pick up the number 135 bus or the metrolink into Bury town centre.

By car

Bury can be accessed easily, with plenty of parking spaces on weekdays. There is free parking for Metrolink customers looking to travel or commute to Manchester or one of the dozen stops preceding, or many around the town centre. There is also a multi storey car park near Bury Market which offers indoor parking and reasonable parking rates for longer stays.

By plane

Bury's closest airport is of course Manchester Airport. It is simple to get from the Airport to Manchester Central Coach Station or Piccadilly Railway Station, and then catch the Metrolink or 135 Bus to Bury.

Get around

By metrolink

The metro (tram system) is the quickest way to get from Bury into Manchester, and also through to Altrincham and Eccles via Salford Quays. It runs from the Bury Interchange. While it is faster than bus, it is also moderately more expensive.

By bus

As in the rest of Greater Manchester, there are a number of different bus companies operating with various fares and destinations. The most common of these is First Manchester. The different companies have different fares and so if catching more than two buses, a System One Daysaver, allowing use of all buses from all companies within the whole of Greater Manchester can work out to be the most cost-effective way to travel.

The number 135 bus is the main bus from Bury to Manchester city central, running at least every 10 minutes. Keep in mind that it will often be crowded with commuters and will also get stuck in the traffic congestion around rush hours, so these times are better avoided. This route is also a night bus service from Manchester city centre on Friday and Saturday nights.

By taxi

Both private-hire taxis and black cabs are available within and around Bury. Private hire taxis cannot be hailed, they must be booked either in person from a taxi rank, or over the phone, or else the car's insurance is void. Prices on private hire taxis are quite reasonable and if there is more than one person travelling short distances, they often end up being cheaper than the equivalent bus fares.

By bike

There are cycle routes throughout Bury, leading through the parks and also into the town centre.

  • There is a fine parish church in the centre of town, next to a monument to Sir John Peel.Out of town The Peel Tower is worth the hike in fine weather.It is just up the steepest of hills from Ramsbottom.On a good day you can see as far as North Wales!
  • Bury Art Gallery & Museum, located in the town centre has a small but impressive collection of pre-raphealite and neo-classical painting and other exhibitions.
  • Full markets are held every Wednesday, Friday and Saturday, with the Market Hall and selected stalls open every day except Sunday. There is a huge variety of stalls, and it is possible to find just about anything among them.Join the coach trips from all over the UK.
  • East Lancs Railway (elr), East Lancs Railway, Bury Bolton Street, Bury BL9 0EY., 0161 764 7790. Every Saturday and Sunday all year around. It is a ride on a steam or diesel train, and the line is about 12miles long.  edit

Burrs Country Park

As well as hosting a Caravan Club site, Burrs has lots to offer for a wide variety of people.

There are canoeing, kayaking and other water activities. There are lots of climbing, rope-based and adventure playground/obstacle course activities for the young (at heart).

The site is of (industrial) heritage significance, once being the site of water and steam powered mills. It also offers a great vantage point to observe the trains of the East Lancashire Railway, which steam past at regular intervals.

The River Irwell flows through the park and attracts anglers as well as kayakers. It also provides a very attractive backdrop for walkers and dog-walkers.

The oldest remaining building in the grounds has been converted into a pub, "The Brown Cow".

Radcliffe

Located in the middle of the borough, this proud but, in parts, run down town is worth a visit to witness a real-life part of northern England, reflecting the changes with which once prosperous towns and cities of Industrial Britain have had to deal. Where Radcliffe merges with neighbouring Whitefield it is however very prosperous with a large jewish population. The ancient 'Radcliffe Tower', dating from the 12th century is worth visiting. The town is awaiting regeneration to catch up, commercially and economically, with surrounding towns. The town has recently attracted considerable media attention as the birthplace and home of Slumdog Millionaire film director Danny Boyle.

  • The Met, [1]. A small theatre in the town centre hosts many touring acts and local productions and some big names can be seen there for modest ticket prices.
  • Peel Tower/Holcombe Hill [2]. Peel Tower is one of the most prolific of Bury's monuments, as it resides upon Holcombe Hill, which sits 1100ft above Ramsbottom. Peel Tower is perfect for fans of walking, and has plenty of footpaths in various locations throughout the Bury district, and since the tower is always in sight on the roads, it makes it an easy place to find. Thankfully, there is a bench on the top of the hill to accompany the tower, for resting. The sights from the hill are astounding, and have to be seen to grasp Bury's true natural beauty. From here you can see the urban sprawl around Manchester, The Peak District and beyond.
  • Mill Gate Shopping Centre [3]. This shopping centre houses many of the brands you would come to expect from a typical shopping centre (WHSmiths, Waterstones, Marks And Spencers), but it does have a unique selection of jewellers, amongst the largest selection in Manchester, if not the largest selection in a shopping centre.
  • The Rock [4] is a largely developing shopping district in the town centre, which all ready contains a wide variety of places to eat, shop and drink. Recently, there have been plans to make a massive refurbishment (the largest the town has ever seen) to build the biggest entertainment centre in Northern Manchester; it shall soon sport some of the best names on the shopping high street, as well as family entertainment, such as bowling and a cinema complex to be moved closer to the town centre than before, which were all previously located at Park 66, just off the M66 motorway. In brief more bars and eateries than before as well as recently-built apartments, located just next to the town centre and Town Hall.
  • Ramsons in Ramsbottom is, without doubt, THE place to eat in the whole borough and is also one of the best places to eat in Greater Manchester as a whole. It has often featured in Manchester Evening News reports and revues. They have won prizes nationally and regionally. Much of their food and wine is sourced directly from Italy. A true gem! Book in advance as this place has a great reputation. They do some sort of "book last minute" promotion at times.
  • The restaurant/cafe bar at the Bury Met Theatre is good and also popular, as a bar, in the evenings.
  • Chocoholics has to be the best cafe/tea room in town. This is in the shopping centre, up the "street" opposite the entrance to Boots The Chemist, towards the BHS Store. Service is excellent and the salads, sandwiches and cakes are superb. The whole place is spotless and a credit to its owners. Little wonder it has such a loyal, local following.
  • Yates's [5]. A large bar located directly behind the 'Robert Peel' statue. Features a fair selection of food and drinks at a good price.
  • TGI Friday's is in Prestwich by The Premier Inn on Junction 17 of the M60.
  • Peppe's is like the above in the south of the borough, this time in Whitefield, down Manchester Road from Bury centre. It is a tiny, family run, italian restaurant next to the Metrolink station. Excellent food and very popular.
  • Antonio's in Whitefield, has been refurbished and this family run restaurant is very friendly. The Budha Lounge and Fort Of India (both good) are on the same crossroads.
  • Roma is just up the road from the above and good during the day for coffee and lunch.
  • Slattery's is also on Bury Old Road in Whitefield in a former pub building. The cafe on the first floor is vast and good for lunch and afternoon teas. On the ground floor they sell excellent cakes, for which they are well known throughout the area. There is a good car park.
  • The restaurant at The Village Hotel offers good food and friendly service to residents and non residents alike.

By Autumn 2010 a brand new £350 million development will be completed, which will incorporate appartments, a cinema,a 25 lane bowling complex and many high street stores, bars, cafes and restaurants.

  • Sol Viva [6]. The centre of night-life in Bury, Sol Viva is a popular resort for youths, especially at the weekend. Please keep in mind, that this nightclub strictly requires I.D. (driving licence or passport are the only two forms of identification that are often accepted) for you to get in, and queues can stretch almost half a mile down the road. The later the time, the harder it will be to get in, so it is advised that preparations are made to arrive as soon as the club opens. There is private suites, which can be booked for parties.

Sleep

There is a good hotel just off the Bury junction of the M66 motorway. It is The Village Hotel.

Further south in the borough there is a Premier Inn in Prestwich on junction 17 of the M60 orbital motorway. This is also very handy for Manchester city centre.

Get out

All the sights of Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Cheshire are within an hour of Bury. Leeds, Bradford, Bronte Country and Liverpool are also under an hour away.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BURY, a market-town and municipal, county and parliamentary borough of Lancashire, England, on the river Irwell, 195 m. N.W. by W. from London, and 102 N. by W. from Manchester, on the Lancashire & Yorkshire railway and the Manchester & Bolton canal. Pop. (1891) 57,212; (1901) 58,029. The church of St Mary is of early foundation, but was rebuilt in 1876. Besides numerous other places of worship, there are a handsome town hall, athenaeum and museum, art gallery and public library, various assembly rooms, and several recreation grounds. Kay's free grammar school was founded in 1726; there are also municipal technical schools. The cotton manufacture is the principal industry; there are also calico printing, dyeing and bleaching works, machinery and iron works, woollen manufactures, and coal mines and quarries in the vicinity. Sir Robert Peel was born at Chamber Hall in the neighbourhood, and his father did much for the prosperity of the town by the establishment of extensive print-works. A monument to the statesman stands in the market-place. The parliamentary borough returns one member (since 1832). The county borough was created in 1888. The corporation consists of a mayor, 1 0 aldermen and 30 councillors. Area, 5836 acres.

Bury, of which the name is derived from the Anglo-Saxon burhg, birig or byrig (town, castle or fortified place), was the site of a Saxon station, and an old English castle stood in Castle Croft close to the town. It was a member of the Honour of Clitheroe and a fee of the royal manor of Tottington, which soon after the Conquest was held by the Lacys. The local family of Bury held lands here during the 13th century, and at least for a short time the manor itself, but before 1347 it passed by marriage to the Pilkingtons of Pilkington,withwhom it remained til11485,when on the attainder of Sir Thomas Pilkington it was granted to the first earl of Derby, whose descendants have since held it. Under a grant made by Edward IV. to Sir Thomas Pilkington, fairs are still held on March 5, May 3, and September 18, and a market was formerly held under the same grant on Thursday, which has, however, been long replaced by a customary market on Saturday. The woollen trade was established here through the agency of Flemish immigrants in Edward III.'s reign, and in Elizabeth's time this industry was of such importance that an aulneger was appointed to measure and stamp the woollen cloth. But although the woollen manufacture is still carried on, the cotton trade has been gradually superseding it since the early part of the 18th century. The family of the Kays, the inventors, belonged to this place, and Robert Peel's print-works were established here in 1770. The cognate trades of bleaching, dyeing and machine-making have been long carried on. A court-leet and view of frank pledge used to be held half-yearly at Easter and Michaelmas, and a court-baron in May. Until 1846 three constables were chosen annually at the court-leet to govern the place, but in that year the inhabitants obtained authority from parliament to appoint twenty-seven commissioners to undertake the local government. A charter of incorporation was granted in 1876. The well-known Bury Cooperative Society was established in 1856. There was a church here at the time of the Domesday Survey, and the earliest mention of a rector is found in the year 1331-1332. One-half of the town is glebe belonging to the rectory.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to bury article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also -bury

Contents

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Old English byrġan.

Verb

Infinitive
to bury

Third person singular
buries

Simple past
buried

Past participle
buried

Present participle
burying

to bury (third-person singular simple present buries, present participle burying, simple past and past participle buried) (transitive)

  1. To ritualistically inter a corpse in a grave or tomb. (see burial)
  2. To place in the ground. "bury a bone"
  3. To hide or conceal as if by covering with earth - "she buried her face in the pillow", "buried the secret deep inside"
  4. To put an end to; to abandon. "They buried their argument and shook hands"
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2

See borough.

Noun

Singular
bury

Plural
buries

bury (plural buries)

  1. A borough; a manor

Quotations

Anagrams


Scots

Etymology

From English bury. Replacing native form bery.

Pronunciation

Verb

tae bury (third-person singular simple present buries, present participle buryin, simple past buriet, past participle buriet)

Infinitive
tae bury

Third person singular
buries

Simple past
buriet

Past participle
buriet

Present participle
buryin

  1. (transitive) to bury

Simple English

Bury


Bury shown within Greater Manchester
Population 60,718
OS grid reference SD805105
Metropolitan borough Bury
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BURY
Postcode district BL9
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament Bury North
European Parliament North West England
List of places: UKEngland • Greater Manchester
Coordinates: 53°35′27″N 2°17′38″W / 53.5909°N 2.2938°W / 53.5909; -2.2938

Bury is a town in the north of the metroploitan county of Greater Manchester in North West England.

Bury is between Rochdale and Salford, the town is a dormitory town in a northern suburb of Manchester. It is just west of the M66 motorway, and is the largest settlement of the Metropolitan Borough of Bury and has a population of 60,718.


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